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DruuusLvvniut, vmmiNiA 




The Forward Movement 

HEARKEN, beloved! The time is far over- 
due for the witnesses of the Lord Jesus to 
reach "the uttermost part of the earth." 
Every man, woman and child throughout 
the whole world has a right to know "the love that 
sought him and the blood that bought him." The 
God of heaven expects us to evangelize the world 
fully in our generation. It can be done, if the whole 
church of Christ will ; it must be done, if we would 
be true to our Master's trust; it will be done, if 
every child of God does his best. Nothing but the 
best is worthy to offer Him Who gave His all for 
us. " Man is God's method." He needs you; your 
gifts without yourself will not suffice. This is the 
time of supreme need ; we must meet it with supreme 
sacrifice. The world is bleeding, groaning, dying. 
Heed the call of the hour. Give yourself, your chil- ' 
dren, your all. Reserve nothing. The world must 
know the love of Jesus and life eternal, and must 
know it now. So may we unitedly go forward in 
the power of God's Spirit to lift our share of the 
burdens of humanity. J. M. Blough. 





The Missionary Visitor 





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Contents for January, 1919 J 



| Our Marathi Field, By J. M. Pittenger, 3 f 

% The Education of Girls, By Eliza B. Miller, 5 

Education of Girls, By Olive Widdowson, - • 9 

%' Girls' Schools, By Sadie J. Miller, 

t Educational Foundation, By A. W. Ross, • • • •. ! - * 

" Your Young Men Shall See Visions, and Your Old Men Shall Dream 

X Dreams," By Wilbur B. Stover, • • • ^ J 

7 The Present Status and Subsequent Needs of Medical Education m the A 

| India Field, By A. Raymond Cottrell, M. D., 14 | 

$ Our Village Schools, By J. B. Emmert, j^ v 

Village Schools, By J. I. Kaylor, ]7 

* The Village Schools, By S. Ira Arnold lb 

t Mission Boarding Schools, By Wilbur B. Stover • . 20 ♦ 

f Education of Missionaries' Children— Present Facilities, By Erne V. 

V- T Zl v.v 

♦*«. Long, a 

% A Sample Hour When Mother Teaches at Home, By Gertrude L. ^ 

X Emmert, • * " * 

Why Teach Our Children at Home? By Mary E. Stover M 

Sans Souci Home, By Florence Baker Pittenger, 24 

% Our Home on the Hills, By Flora M. Ross, 24 

% The Special Week of Evangelism, By I. S. Long, 26 


% Evangelistic Prayer List— India (Continued), 27 




Volume XXI 

JANUARY, 1919 

No. 1 


An Appreciation 

We congratulate the Visitor readers 
for this issue, in the fact that Bro. J. M. 
Blough, of India, has very kindly collected 
the material written regarding their work, 
has prepared the editorials and forwarded 
all to us along with the illustrations. We 
have enjoyed the messages and know that 
all will who carefully peruse them. May 
the spirit breathed forth from these touch 
the hearts of our readers. 

And a Happy New Year to all. 


Remember Jan. 1, 1919. On that day be- 
gins the great Forward Movement in our 
church. Let every congregation and every 
college and every individual enter upon it 
with holy enthusiasm at once, never to grow 
weary until God's great work is done. But 
remember that all effort without Spirit- 
guidance is worthless. 

We are glad to present to the Visitor 
readers an educational number, dealing with 
the conditions in the India mission field, in 
the hope that it may prove a spur and a 
blessing to the Forward Movement pro- 

Sin, ignorance and superstition hold a 
billion souls in a worse slavery than the 
bondage which holds the prisoners of war. 
"Ye shall know the truth and the truth shall 
make you free." 

The object of all learning should be to 
know the truth for the purpose of obeying 
it and proclaiming it. 

Some years ago, Lord Minto, then Vice- 
roy of India, said: "Education is the great- 
est problem we have to face in India today. 
Upon its solution the future of this country 
largely depends." 

Almost 90 per cent of the population of 
India, i. e., about 275,000,000, are illiterate. 
This is one of the hindrances to the rapid 
evangelization of India. 

In the census of 1911 on an average ten 
females to every thousand were classed as 
literate. In the best part of our field a little 
over 2Y-2. per cent are literate. Do you pity 
your Indian sisters? 

In 1914 a little over 2>4 per cent of the 
population of India were under instruction, 
as against about 22 per cent in U. S. A. In 
Surat District it is less than 5 per cent, but 
in the Dangs it is only a half per cent. 

In 1917 our mission conducted only sev- 
enty-six schools, in which the entire enroll- 
ment was 1,738. Think of the 133,000 chil- 
dren in our field that might be in school 
if we could supply the need! 

The great fault I have with our mission 
schools and colleges is, that they are too 
few and undermanned. — Rev. J. Duthie. 

At present we have fewer than 150 girls 
in our boarding schools. We should have 
room for at least 500. Who will supply the 
needed funds? 

The education we, as missionaries, seek 
to give is not given by any other agency. — 
Rev. W. C. Penn. 

The effect of Christian instruction im- 
parted by mission schools has been very 
marked. The truths of Christianity and sal- 
vation through Jesus Christ alone have been 
made known widely; faith in Hinduism has 
been shaken. — Sir Henry Ramsay. 

India has five medical colleges and four- 
teen medical schools for her 300,000,000 peo- 


The Missionary Visitor 


The boarding school is the best agency 
in the mission for producing teachers and 
all classes of mission workers. About half 
of our present number of workers came 
from our orphanages or boarding schools. 
Moreover, they are a splendid evangelizing 
agency; hence, instead of 350 pupils we 
should have at least 1,000 in our boarding 

Forty per cent of the people of India live 
in areas where the proportion of Christian 
workers to the population is only one in 

One million dollars 1 What a magnificent 
Bicentennial Memorial 1 And how appropri- 
ate! One million dollars as a thank offer- 
ing to the Lord for the enlightenment and 
evangelization of the poor and depressed 
classes in our mission fields! How noble! 
Perhaps ten members will come forward 
with $100,000 each. This is the opportunity 
for the liberal giver. Lay your thousands 
before the Lord. 


fA/IA/ About 12 per cent of all the schools in 
India are Protestant mission schools. Thirty 
per cent of the India college students are 
found in mission colleges. About 12 per 
cent of all the girls in the schools of India 
are Christians. 

Among the Christian women of India on 
an average one out of eight can read and 
write, while among Hindu women only one 
out of every 200, and among Mohammedans 
one out of 328. 

Only half of the Christian children in 
India are in school. Many of these that are 

in school are in the mission boarding 
schools, their parents being too poor to 
support them fully while in school. 

Educational missions have opened a 
larger number of doors for the preaching 
of the Gospel than any other agency. They 
have furnished the most distinguished and 
influential converts and have done more 
than all else combined to undermine heathen 
superstitions and false systems of belief. — 
Dr. John R. Mott. 

Among the 300 villages in the Dangs there 
are thirteen Christian schools. All our 
Christians live in twelve villages. What 
a field before us I 

Think of our Marathi field. Only some 
over 2 per cent of the people are literate. 
In the best part of the field 4.26 per cent 
are literate. 

Our needs are many. Our boarding 
schools are too small. Most of them re- 
quire larger and better buildings. The 
Marathi field requires a Bible and Normal 
Training School. Teachers must be trained. 
Doctors and nurses and compounders must 
be trained. Almost any number of village 
schools might be opened. 

The rate of baptism in all Protestant mis- 
sions in India is 10,000 a month. With suf- 
ficient workers it might be 50,000. — Rev. B. 
T. Badley. 

Pray not only for the Forward Movement 
in America, but also in India, especially the 
evangelistic weeks in February. 

3fn ifemariam 

Just as we are about to go to press there come the sad tidings of the 
death of Sister Nora Arnold Lichty, wife of our dear brother, D. J. Lichty. 
With her husband Sister Lichty went to the field in 1902, and at the time of 
her death she, with her husband, was in America and attending college at 
Mt. Morris. We regret her death so much and at the same time rejoice that 
one so lovely in character, so devoted in life to the Master's cause, could have 
lived and labored so long. Our sympathy goes out to Bro. Lichty in this 
lonely hour. Death occurred on Thursday, December 12, at Mt. Morris. A 
more extended notice will appear in the February Visitor. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Our Marathi Field 

J. M. Pittenger 

TO any who may care to read this 
article, it takes for granted, on their 
part, that — 

1. They have had at least some of the 
benefits of education bestowed upon them. 

2. These benefits have proven priceless to 

3. Because they are priceless, they would 
have had far less real pleasures in life with- 
out them, and would, therefore, have been 
so much less useful, in life, to society and 

4. Because they know, now, the benefits 
and blessings of education, they are not only 
willing but anxious to make possible its 
benefits for others; 

5. They comprehend, in a greater or less 
measure, the following: 

(a) The. worth of the splendid system of 
free education in the common schools 
at home; 

(b) The ever increasing opportunities, for 
higher education, offered there; 

(c) The splendid equipment used in 
schools and colleges to produce the 
best results obtainable, whether in the 
primary or high schools or colleges. 
This equipment consists of, or, is 
found in: — 

1. A sufficient number of well-pre- 
pared teachers; 

2. Laboratories with their neces- 
sary apparatus; 

3. Adequate number of schools and 
buildings to house them; 

4. Almost universal public senti- 
ment in favor of schools, pri- 
mary and high, and, higher insti- 
tutions of learning. 

Over against these facts it is the purpose 
of this article to show how the cause of edu- 
cation is, in India, and very surely on the 
sections where our mission is working, just 
in its infancy. Along with this proof, the 
reader will note, in reading the comparisons, 
that there is so little in common between 
the problem of education, as we are com- 
pelled to meet and try to work it out suc- 
cessfully here, and the present high state of 
efficiency in educational work at home. Will 
the reader please bear in mind the four 

points given in the preceding paragraph? 

Twelve years of service in India has led 
me into the daily habit of comparing the 
splendid advantages, educationally and oth- 
erwise, enjoyed by the people in the home- 
land with those of the people among whom 
our mission labors. 

In one of the thirteen district schools of 
a certain Ohio county was my schooling 
begun. This county has twelve townships 
whose district schools do not total over 120. 
Besides these district schools are the splen- 
did grade and high schools of Piqua, Troy, 
Covington and a number of smaller towns. 
Besides the goodly number of schools of 
this county, let the reader not forget how 
well they are equipped with a well-tried 
system of education, the best of textbooks, 
plenty of apparatus, a sufficient number of 
thoroughly prepared teachers, and, behind 
all these, the never-failing moral and finan- 
cial support of an admiring and educated 
public. And please remember that there is 
not a single child, of school age, in that 
county, but has open to it the very best free 
educational advantages. 

Now to the scene on this side of the 

Our Marathi field covers about 3,000 
square miles, and has a population of at 
least 350,000 living in more than 700 villages. 
Among these many thousands of people our 
mission has but thirty schools, in as many 
villages. Government has established schools 
in quite a number of the largest villages, and 
a few enterprising citizens have, on their 
own initiative, started a school in their own 
village. I have not been able to get the 
exact number of schools in the two classes 
last named, but in comparison with the total 
population and its increasingly urgent needs, 
educationally, the number is pitifully small. 

Most of the teachers in the government 
schools are graduates of one of the Govern- 
ment Normal Colleges, of which there are 
two in the Bombay Presidency. The mis- 
sion has but a few teachers who have had a 
partial or whole course in normal training. 
The large majority are poorly prepared for 
their very important work. Only in the very 
best of the government schools is the neces- 


The Missionary Visitor 


sary apparatus to be found, the most being 
only partially or poorly equipped. The mis- 
sions and the private schools lack sadly in 

Now let us look at some figures and then 
make what will prove to be some very in- 
teresting comparisons: 

1. Our field has 350,000 people and, let us 
say, 120 schools of all classes and an average 
of three teachers to each school. (The num- 
ber of schools and teachers is less than the 
number here given.) This gives a popula- 
tion of 2,750 to each school and almost 1,000 
to each teacher. 

2. The Valis, a caste of aborigines, num- 
ber 111,364 in this (Thana) district, a part 
of which is within our Marathi field. Of this 
large number but 347 are literate, or just a 
bit over one-third of one per cent of these 
splendid people have had a chance to learn 
to read and write! Among this number of 
literates are forty-eight females. Among 
this large number of Valis are 14,251 boys 
and 13,075 girls between the ages of 5 and 15. 
What a wonderful field of opportunity to 
educate! These figures give, for educational 
purposes, almost one-fourth of the entire 
population to us. 

3. Using this proportion as a working 
comparison, our Marathi field will give to 
us, for educational endeavor, the astound- 
ing number of 87,500, out of which number 
we are actually helping less than the eighty- 
seventh part! This number will give each of 
the present number, or total of all teachers, 
243 pupils. 

4. The Dangs, which are another section 
of our Marathi field, on this basis will yield 
nearly 7,500. There are fifteen teachers in 
the thirteen schools which have been estab- 
lished there. This number of pupils will fur- 
nish 577 for each school and 500 for each one 
of the teachers working in these schools. 

5. Out of a total population of 350,000, 
there are 8,489 literates who constitute over 
2 per cent of the entire population. Dahanu 
Taluka (county), all of which is in our field, 
has 3,606 literates, or 4.26 per cent of its 
population. This is the highest percentage 
of literacy in our entire Marathi field. 

6. There are 121 literates in the Dangs, 
in a population of 29,345. This is less than 
one-half of 1 per cent of the population. A 
large percentage of these few literates are 
not indigenous. 

7. There ought to be one school for each 
group of fifty children. Do you, reader, 
think this is an extravagant estimate and 
request? And there must be one teacher for 
each school. Is not this so? Then how many 
schools ought we to establish over and 
above the number already given? Fifty 
pupils for each school gives 1,750, less 120, 
which leaves 1,630 schools that should be es- 
tablished. With $100 for each school, we can 
start and get on nicely for a year. But where 
shall we find the teachers? We must raise 
them up; i. e., train or prepare them — from 
among these uneducated 87,500, or more, 
boys and girls, thousands of whom are 
eagerly waiting for some one to render this 
service to them. Shall we become the ones 
to render this service? Yes, if you, reader, 
become our hearty helper and supporter in 

"Come now, and let us reason together" 
about these things. 
At home: 

1. Such an abundance of financial and 
moral support for education; 

2. Plenty of schools — buildings — for each 
and all of school age; 

3. An abundance of finely-trained teachers, 
and then still more to act as "supply"; 

4. Plenty of aids, such as maps, charts, 
and other apparatus in abundance; 

5. Splendid courses of education and edu- 
cated, enthusiastic parents, eager to have 
their children receive the benefits of these 


1. So little of either financial pr moral 

2. One hundred and twenty schools among 
350,000 people; 

3. Three hundred and sixty teachers, say, 
for 87,500 pupils; 

4. Schools poorly or scantily supplied 
with aids; 

5. Splendid courses, too, but next to none 
of eager parents to send their children to 
secure the benefits accruing from pursuing 
these courses of study. The children are 
eager to have an education. 

"What do you need to make these two 
tables more nearly equal," do you ask? 
We need: 

1. Twenty thousand dollars for each of 
our three stations in the Marathi to start 


The Missionary Visitor 

two boarding schools, one for boys and one 
for girls; in these the other 1,630 teachers 
will be prepared for the 1,630 schools yet to 
be established; 

2. Twenty-five thousand dollars each for 
building a Bible and a Normal School in 
which to give the final and best, most useful 
and vital training for these teachers; 

3. Enough properly-qualified missionaries 
and Indian Christians to furnish a teaching 

staff for this Bible and Normal Training 

4. When needed, the sum required for 
each of those 1,630 to be established. That 
sum will be required yearly; 

5 Over and above all these, your sym- 
pathy and help as you can mightily exert 
both through prayers fervently uttered at 
your family and public affairs. 

Dahanu, Thana District, Aug. 17. 

Bulsar Boarding- School 
Class No. 1 and Primaries Ready for Play 

The Education of Girls 

Eliza B. Miller 

AMONG the various activities relating 
to our mission work in India none is 
more important than the education of 
the girls. What an army of them there is! 
We would love to gather them all in from 
the villages and cities and place them under 
the influence and instruction of Christian 
schools, where they might unfold as does 
the bud when turned to the warmth and 
light of the sun. That there are wonderful 
possibilities wrapped up in the lives of these 
India girls was long ago proven, and we 
need not go outside our own mission to find 
these beautifully developed characters. 

The girls of today are to be the women 
of tomorrow, either to be lifted above the 
present status held for women or to be 
dragged down to lower depths. Therefore, 
it behooves wise and prudent leaders of 
both state and church to do the very best 
for the girls of the present. 

Government and missions are united in 
providing education for girls. Frank ac- 
knowledgment must be made that without 
government grants-in-aid, inaugurated in 
1854, the great extension of missionary 
education that has occurred during the past 
half century could never have taken place. 

The Missionary Visitor 


Bulsar Boarding: School 

Class No. 2 at Drill 

In our own mission a number of schools 
are grant-in-aid schools. They receive not 
only government inspection, but aid in a 
financial way. Furthermore, all of our 
trained men and women teachers have re- 
ceived their full course of training in gov- 
ernment training colleges. We can but 
feel grateful for the aid and encouragement 
that government has given and is still giv- 
ing. At the present time there is a move- 
ment on foot to establish many more gov- 
ernment schools — especially primary schools 
for the common people. 

Our own effort in education for girls has 
not been extended beyond the primary 
school. I mean to say that our girls' schools 
are all primary schools, wherein only the 
vernacular is taught. These primary schools 
take the pupil only through the sixth grade. 
This means a knowledge of reading, writ- 
ing, arithmetic, grammar, history, geog- 
raphy, composition, simple drawing, elemen- 
tary hygiene, singing, and needlework. From 
this grade any girl can pass on to the pre- 
paratory department of either government 
or mission training colleges. After this grade 
also the pupil can take the seventh grade 
prescribed for boys and prepare for the 

examination known as the vernacular or 
final, given at district headquarters, and 
for which is given, if passed, a teaching cer- 
tificate. If this examination is passed the 
pupil can take the entrance examination to 
training college without taking the prepara- 
tory course. 

So far three of our girls have completed 
the training course. One finished the first 
year and then chose matrimony to a con- 
tinuation of study; a thing from which she 
is bitterly repenting now, realizing that she 
could have completed her course and mar- 
ried later. At present one girl is a junior 
in the Normal Training College (Methodist) 
and two are in the preparatory department 
of the same college, continuing their studies 
in the vernacular. So long as the masses 
of the people of India are even uneducated 
in their own language the bulk of the teach- 
ing must be in the vernacular; hence, the 
great need of trained teachers in the India 
languages. Two girls, after completing the 
primary school, took up the study of English 
preparatory to nurses' training. They are 
now juniors in the Mission High School 
(Presbyterian), and will be ready to begin 
their course in 1919. English is required for 


The Missionary Visitor 

Bulsar Boarding: School 
Class No. 3 Cleaning Grain 

the course in nursing. Not having schools 
beyond the primary stage we must depend 
upon other missions and government for 
the advanced training. 

We are planning for a first-class school 
wherein our girls may have both the normal 
training and the high school course. This it 
will take years to develop and bring to per- 
fection. At present, with a difficult financial 
situation, it would almost seem at times as 
though mission work would have to be 
abandoned rather than carried forward; so 
we can not do much more than make plans 
at present and gather into our small schools 
as many as the equipment will accommo- 

The capacity of the Vyara Boarding 
School is fifty. Bulsar can, with crowding, 
take sixty. Anklesvar is already full with 
forty; so it will be seen how much more 
room will be needed to accommodate the 
four hundred or five hundred girls we want 
for the first-class school mentioned above. 
There is no doubt that many girls, more 
than the present number, could be gotten in 
had we the accommodations for them and 
could keep recruiting agents at work all 

the time. With all the hindrances, we firmly 
believe that the above number could soon be 
secured. The establishing of the first-class 
school will, for equipment, demand $15,000, 
which we believe is even now available from 
the home base. There are, no doubt, among 
the readers of the Visitor, those who would 
give this sum. Let the Board hear from 
you in the matter in which you will have 
both the hearty cooperation of the Board 
and the missionaries on the field. 

The maintenance of this school with, say, 
five hundred girls, fully equipped with a 
teaching staff, boarding arrangements, and 
accommodation for day pupils, would in- 
volve an expense of $1,000 per month. That 
would be only $2 a month for a girl, at the 
above number stated. At present there are 
sixty-three boarding and day scholars (girls) 
and sixteen boys in the Bulsar school. All 
this is kept in running order at a smaller 
rate than above stated. For this school we 
receive an allowance of $83. This pays the 
teachers and other helpers about the school, 
and furnishes board, clothing and incidental 
expenses for the thirty-seven boarders. 

Hundreds of girls in our field are upon 


The Missionary Visitor 



our hearts day after day. We want the sup- 
port of young women, experts in educa- 
tional work, from the home base in this 
work. With them we want to train a staff 
of India girls who will be able to assist in 
the primary school, the training department 
and the (English department. Furthermore, 
we want the financial support from the home 
base and to raise as much as possible of the 
funds for maintenance on this side. The 
great need is qualified teachers and educa- 
tional experts. I am willing to become a 
recruiting agent as soon as there comes to 
the field those who will look after the tech- 
nical and material side of the schools, to 
superintend the teaching staff and the board- 
ing department. 

There are two aims in the Christian edu- 
cation of girls. The first is to train them to 
be wives and mothers, and the second to 
prepare them for teaching or some other 
profession. And with these two aims we 
shall not forget the three general aims for 
Christian education: 

1. The conversion of the pupil. 

2. The development of the Christian com- 

3. The general diffusion of Christian influ- 
ence and ideas. 

Hitherto we have worked with this end 

in view, and we believe we have not far from 
succeeded. Should you pass through the 
Christian homes of the land and then com- 
pare them with the non-Christian homes 
we believe you would say that Christian 
women are better wives and mothers than 
the non-Christian women. That we have 
brought forth a few well-trained teachers 
and other workers only spurs us on to help 
others to the same position; for they are 
so much needed. Perhaps there is no greater 
need than trained workers, so this is why 
we desire so earnestly to gather in the 
children. The boarding school is the place 
for the girls, because it counteracts the re- 
actionary home influences surrounding the 
child out of school hours. 

The cost of one broadside from the 
newest dreadnaught was more than an en- 
tire Conference in India gets from America 
to run the work of a whole year. 

No matter where you turn or from what 
angle you approach the subject, world safe- 
ty demands the spread of the religion of 
Jesus Christ. Only the love of God in the 
nation's heart will safeguard the world. 


^i ■'.■'■ Iff 



i^'^w. ' "'-■'-. 

~^- ^ 


v ^ 



1 . :■»•»». .***,.. 


Bulsar Boarding: School 
Class No. 4 at Study 


The Missionary Visitor 

Education of Girls 

Olive Widdowson 

EDUCATION of girls is becoming a 
live subject in India. The British 
Government and the missionaries 
were the leaders in advocating the training 
of girls. Now the educated Indian men — 
those of training and ability — are beginning 
to see the need of it. The need, the kind of 
training required and the hindrances they 
encounter to get this training I think will 
interest us. 

Indian men, interested in their country 
and the welfare of their people, are begin- 
ning to see how helpless their uneducated 
wives are. I suppose this is brought to them 
more vividly as they associate with educated 
women of other countries and note their 
ability to do for themselves. In many cases 
the Indian women do not care well for their 
children. The simplest rules of health are 
entirely unknown to them, and, of course, as 
to starting or helping their children in book 
learning that is quite beyond them. They 
can neither read nor write. Nothing will 
drive away the dark cloud of superstition 
and undermine the awful caste system, to 
which the women cling more tenaciously 
than the men, like Christian education. All 
the hideous crimes done in the name of the 
Hindu religion in India are fostered and 
protected by the caste system. Child-mar- 
riage will be impossible with a good running 
educational system. Unless the girls of this 
generation are enlightened through Chris- 
tian educational influences, we will have an- 
other generation in which caste will be 
dying about as hard as it is in this one. It 
will mean another generation in which the 
mothers will be clinging to superstition and 
caste, unconsciously doing all they can to 
give their girls misery in this life and send 
them to destruction in the next. The non- 
Christian Bhil says, "You send your girl to 
the mission school and she will soon take 
off her anklets and become a Christian." 
That is just what happens. Caste must go 
when Christianity comes. (The anklet or 
kulla is the caste sign among the Bhils.) 

It seems to me that the education of In- 
dian girls for some time to come should be 
very practical. They should learn to do their 
part in making and keeping a home in which 

children may get the training necessary 
to fit them for the life struggle before 
them. The wife should be able not merely 
to sit and await the command of her hus- 
band, to wear this kind of clothing, or cook 
rice this way and make ready that kind of 
vegetable, but to be able to think and act 
for herself; to be a real helper, to be able to 
cook, sew, care for children, make her own 
bargains, etc. She should receive training in 
all that will fit her to be a mother in a good 
Christian home. One can see no more en- 
couraging sight than a young, educated In- 
dian Christian able to care for herself and 
help others. 

As we supply the schools in which the 
girls may get this training it is necessary 
also to help them in their struggle to over- 
come the numerous hindrances which keep 
many of them from entering these school- 
rooms. The mothers have given us more 
trouble than the fathers in this section. The 
mother says, "I must have that girl to care 
for the baby, else how can I go to work in 
the fields?" (The mothers who do not have 
girls take the babies with them to the fields.) 
Or she says, "Who would take our cattle to 
graze? We cannot afford to pay anyone 
to graze our cattle." Here is a problem. 
Can you solve it? "If I keep my girl home 
to graze cattle, she will graze our own cattle 
and get two annas [four cents] a day for 
grazing the cattle of others. She will need 
scarcely any clothing, and the poor, scanty 
food she gets costs very little. If I send 
her to the mission school, I am asked to 
furnish clothing [two jackets and two skirts] 
and pay three rupees [about a dollar] a 
year, and will need to pay some one to keep 
our cattle in pasture." You say, "But how 
about the training she gets?" The average 
Bhil mother has not learned to take that 
into account. However, there are some Bhil 
mothers who have, and more fathers who 
are anxious to have their girls trained, so 
we are getting a start among the girls here. 
I am speaking especially about the boarding 
school, for so far our village schools in this 
district have not produced results worth 
while among the girls. The teachers and 
caretakers are most important factors in 


The Missionary Visitor 


retaining in school these girls whose 
mothers would sooner coax them out than 
keep them there. The desire of the girl to 
be in school often gets the better of the 
If the teacher or care- 
and has not helped to 
the girl generally goes. 

mother's prejudice, 
taker is not tactful, 
increase that desire, 

She is a most valuable helper who can meet 

these girls with sympathetic assistance 
which makes it unnecessary to say in words 
" I am glad you are here." 

Remember us in your requests to our 
Heavenly Father, that we may do our part 
and not cause one of these little ones to 


Bulsar Boarding: School 
Class No. 5 Sewing 

Girls' Schools 

Sadie J. Miller 

EDUCATION for girls in India is, for 
the most part, elementary, and in our 
own mission we can say schools are, 
as yet, only primary. When our girls out- 
grow these it is imperative that any higher 
work be secured outside our own mission. 
Hence we owe a vote of thanks to our 
neighbor missions which have, thus far, so 
kindly admitted our girls into their institu- 
tions, high schools, normals or colleges, as 
the case happened to be. 

We have need of the best-educated ladies 
in our church schools in America for work 
among girls in India. More than a year ago 

there was demand in a native state near us 
for a lady to act as principal of a non- 
Christian high school for girls. I know no 
better or wider influence for good one 
could have than in such a position. I con- 
tend that one learning the language could 
at the same time hold such a place. This 
does not say one who has the language 
could not fill it, but usually our workers 
are all occupied and could not be spared for 
such work. 

Unlike China's easily-acquired girls, in 
India we have difficulty in getting them, be 
it for village school or boarding school. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The former takes them to school in their 
own community, so they can be at home, 
while the latter has them from home except 
on holiday occasions, which are not a few 
in India. 

Our workers, of course, and other Chris- 
tian people, send their daughters to our 
schools, without using persuasion, but our 
difficulty is to get the girls from the villages 
and from among the backward classes. 
These are sadly neglected. They are the 
very ones for whom we should make an 
effort, and to get them does require a great 
effort, to say the least. 

Parents see no need of education for girls. 
There are reasons and serious ones — I mean 
serious in the sense that it is hard to con- 
vince them of the need. First, mothers or 
parents are the leaders in the early mar- 
riage propaganda, and this, together with 
their ignorance and superstition, accounts 
for their indifference as well as opposition 
in educating their daughters. When we do 
succeed in getting them it is with — shall I 
say? — considerable camouflage. Often when 
a girl is well started and we have her life 
work mapped out, expecting that the girl 
will make a grand mark some day, behold, 
the parents have arranged for her marriage 
and take her from us. 

Second, mothers are lazy, and wish to 
keep their daughters with them to do the 
work. The mothers too often carry on the 
work that belongs to the witches, so called, 
among these backward classes, and of whom 
their fellow-men have such a fear. Fathers, 
too, have their part against the good of 
their daughters. They are always looking 
out for the money they can get for the girl 
they sell to the highest bidder when they 
give her in marriage. 

But India is awaking. Her girls and 
women are coming to the front, in spite of 
the purdah system and all other hindrances, 
many of which I am not mentioning. These 
are only a very few of them. There are those 
who have gone for the higher work, even 
among those not Christians. Today they 
are using every influence for the betterment 
of their sisters. This has done much toward 
breaking down the walls of caste and vari- 
ous unfortunate customs. 

Perhaps one of the most convincing argu- 
ments for education is the fact that young 
educated men are seeking educated girls 

for their wives. When this becomes univer- 
sal — and the idea is growing — mothers will 
be forced to the education of their daughters, 
for in their estimation no greater calamity 
than to remain single could befall them. 

The British Government and Christian 
missions have done a great work along 
educational lines for India. We are bound 
to get girls and have them in school. Hence 
it is only fair that the home church should 
help us educate them, else we will have edu- 
cated boys, but no girls equal to them for 
their wives. 

I would suggest that people in America 
who have the money, give, say, $5,000 each, 
for two girls' schools in India. This would 
build and equip them well for use and be 
of infinite value to the work. 

There are, in all India, 158 high schools 
and fourteen colleges for girls only. Re- 
member, we have no coeducation in India, 
except in primary schools. I suppose there 
is no State in the Union with but 158 high 
schools. That would mean that all other 
States were without. Fancy conditions with 
such a dearth of schools 1 Remember, too, 
that while India is only about one-third the 
size of the United States, in square miles, 
she has three times the population. 

The Man Who Apologizes. Today's mis- 
sionary platform has no place for the speak- 
er who faces his audience apologetically as 
he hesitatingly announces, " This is one 
subject that we all dislike to mention, but 
we have now come to the unpleasant part of 
our program. We must have money and it 
is necessary for us to take up a collection, 
so we will do it now and have it over with." 
The Counterfeit Widow. There have been 
times in the past when big, able-bodied men 
have doled out a pittance to missions and 
called it " the widow's mite." Good old 
Daniel Webster held and recorded for our 
enlightenment that a widow is a woman 
who has lost her husband by death, yet 
many churches still show an amazing ag- 
gregation of widows who are not widows 
indeed. Shameful camouflage this, by which 
men who have large estates and women 
who have husbands and bank accounts seek 
to disguise their bank accounts by the giv- 
ing of mites and the withholding of missions. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Educational Foundation 

A. W. Ross 

FOLLOWING closely on the end of 
this war, a mighty reconstruction pro- 
gram must be carried out — not only 
the reconstruction of the widely devastated 
battle areas, but a reconstruction program 
reaching the thought and life interests of 
the entire world. The war has shaken the 
world out of its dreams and pleasantries. 
Many things that were satisfying are now 
abhorrent. The "world safe for de- 
mocracy," safe for free peoples, the right of 
every people to determine its own destiny, 
righteousness as a basis for world relations 
— all are beacon lights of hope to many op- 

Already the throb of freedom is felt in 
the hearts of multitudes of the people of 
the Orient. Men's faith in old things has 
been shaken. New things, new life, and new 
faiths are taking their place. This war has 
brought the golden opportunity to the 
church. Never before were the principles of 
Christ made the standard of international 
relations. That religion must dominate the 
thought and activities of the world states- 
men and those who conduct the affairs of 
state is an acknowledged necessity. 

Here in India tremendous changes in gov- 
ernment, industries, education, social life 
and in religion are taking place, and even 
the village classes are being affected. Prom- 
inent religious leaders are urging the aboli- 
tion of caste. The Christian teacher was 
never better received than now. The present 
is full of tremendous possibilities for good 
and for Christ's cause. 

Christian education is the pillar of our 
work. Our mission will have permanent 
results in proportion as we grapple with the 
great educational problem. Success in the 
evangelistic work enlarges and makes more 
urgent the educational. The work of the 
past several years has made accessible to 
our teaching a large portion of the 500,000 
aboriginal peoples in our field. At several 
of our stations it is not a question of how 
many we can reach, but of how many teach- 
ers we can get to shepherd the many hun- 
dreds and even thousands who are ready to 
be taught. L 

Illiteracy (the ail-too common condition 
in all India) and superstition abound. They 
are without religious teachers and ideals, 
and as yet are untaught in the tenets of 
Hinduism. From these people come the 
students for our boarding schools. To most 
of them it is the first real chance in life they 
have had, and when given this chance very 
many of them develop splendidly. Think of 
the largeness of the opportunity! The new 
generation of these 500,000 people! We must 
plan for greater things. Our institutions 
must be larger and our educational activity 
of wider scope. We have worked too much 
on the plan of keeping expenditure as low as 
possible. Having not planned as a church 
for the larger things, and consequently with 
no funds to care for such an effort, we have 
been working too much on the plan of cut- 
ting the coat according to the cloth. 

Instead of the 350 in all our boarding 
institutions, we must have at the very least 
one thousand pupils, besides the day 
scholars. As the number in the pri- 
mary grades is larger we can hope for 
greater numbers in our higher institutions. 
Now there are hardy enough to make it 
worth while to equip and staff them. High 
school, Bible, teacher-training, industrial 
and agricultural are all possible fields of 
large influence, as yet largely untouched by 
us. Then there are the village schools, 
where our workers and teachers come into 
direct contact with people. Each of these 
is as a Christian light in the heathen dark- 

Brethren, if we as a church are to do our 
part in this time of unprecedented world 
awakening, we must plan for a great edu- 
cational forward move. These people are 
reaching out for an education, and are look- 
ing for freedom from their social and eco- 
nomic enslavement. Without our help many 
of them will grope in the darkness, never to 
see the light. Others will somehow or other 
get out, but at the same time we will not 
have won them for Christ. To win them to 
Christ is the heart of our program. Will 
you help us do it? A five-year program, 
for raising $1,000,000 for an Educational 
Foundation to make it possible to do this, 


The Missionary Visitor 


may seem to some a bit staggering, for it 
is considerably bigger than anything we 
have undertaken. But these are days of big 
things. The Methodists are out with a pro- 
gram for $40,000,000, and other churches 
have big plans too. They see that armies, 
navies, and material things are not going 
to make this sin-ridden world any better, 
and that it is up to the Christian churches 

to make Jesus Christ a Living Reality in 
the lives of the people. 

How fittingly that, in memory of the land- 
ing in America of our liberty-loving fathers, 
we should take up this task of raising an 
Educational Foundation to care for the edu- 
cational work in our foreign fields 1 The task 
is not too big for us. We can do it if we 
will. God help us! 

"Your Young Men Shall See Visions, and Your Old Men 

Shall Dream Dreams" 

Wilbur B. Stover 

THE period of reconstruction that fol- 
lows a prolonged time of war calls 
for the ablest thought of good men. 
What sort of reconstruction we will be equal 
to when the time comes, we must consider 
now. If we would be ready then, we must 
get ready now. 

Looking to larger endeavor, larger plans 
and larger capacity, perhaps the first sug- 
gestion I would venture is that two addi- 
tional members, good men of business, who 
are enthusiastic church workers and givers, 
yet not preachers, be added to our present 
General Mission Board. I cannot do more 
than suggest in an article as short as this 
must be. 

Further, I would suggest that our Stand- 
ing Committee be made such in fact, for at 
present it is about the only committee we 
have which is not a standing committee. 
I would suggest that by virtue of their office, 
the chairmen of the several District Mis- 
sion Boards be regularly elected members 
of the Standing Committee, say two years 
out of three. This would mean much to 
the District Boards, besides guaranteeing 
the missionary complexion of the Stand- 
ing Committee. The idea, I think, is a good 
one, but I cannot discuss it now. 

When I look about and see others using 
their young people for the church, in active 
mission work during vacation time from 
college, I have a tremendous feeling that we 
must go forward by leaps and bounds in 
this matter. Our colleges are happily 
swarming with student volunteers who are 
willing to canvass, to sing, to preach, or to 
plow corn, only so it be to the glory of the 

Lord. They are ready for the altar or the 
plow. They ought not to be asked to build 
the altar nor to make the plow. There 
should be from 100 to 200 employed by the 
Board every vacation, preaching, singing, 
selling Bibles, selling our own books, work- 
ing for the colleges, stirring up indifferent 
congregations, going into new fields, and 
while doing the work getting an experience 
which would be of great value, cultivating 
the instinct for the initiative which would 
be of greater value, and developing the idea 
of leadership which would be of greatest 
value to them in future. 

The every-member canvass is pronounced 
a splendid success by all the churches which 
have tried it. We have our every-member 
canvass annually in the deacon's visit, but 
it is usually to find out if we are all at peace 
with each other. In all honesty I think we 
have about outgrown the need of that phase 
of the canvass. Why not revise our list of 
questions for the deacon's visit, and make it 
the official every-member annual canvass, 
and insert this question, or words to like 
effect: "Do you give at least a tenth of your 
income for the advancement of the kingdom 
of God upon the earth?" 

There ought to be a great enlargement of 
effort in the foreign fields we already oc- 
cupy. Here in India we could well have 
a high school, a normal school, and other 
advanced schools, but more than all, primary 
schools of high character. The Dewan of 
Nandod has just written, asking me if we 
cannot find a lady teacher for the Raj Pipla 
State Girls' English School. Bro. Arnold 
has recently been approached with the re- 


The Missionary Visitor 


quest that an independent Anglo-vernacular 
school be taken over by the mission. Other 
school doors are open to us. Schools, 
schools, schools! Roman Catholic advance 
is made through her schools. We ought to 
see doors when they are wide open to us, 
and we ought to enter in. 

Besides entering the open doors of the 
fields we now occupy, and strengthening our 
work there, we ought to be ready and pre- 
pared to enter new fields as they open to 
us at the close of the war. Personally, I 
have a feeling that Russia will be one of the 
most fruitful fields of the world very soon. 
There are also other lands. Shall we not 
do our part in the greatest works, when we 
easily can? 

Looking these conditions straight in the 
face, feeling keenly the divine challenge 
which opportunity thrusts upon us, and 
realizing that so great a part of all this work 

is educational, it seems to me the normal 
thing for us to do now is to build up a mil- 
lion-dollar educational endowment for for- 
eign work. It is not that we want to be 
more lavish in our financial expenditure than 
we have been in the past. No. We want 
to continue our policy of rigid economy and 
incessant labor. But we must work on a 
larger scale. We must be better equipped. 
We must deal with more men, and, there- 
fore, normally have an increased expendi- 
ture. We do not want to farm less care- 
fully, but we want more land, which is easily 
available. The doors are open, and it is 
within better than without. The surging 
sea of human opinion more and more yields 
itself to the genius of men who are mission- 
aries at heart. Pray that we may be on the 
crest of the wave when the tide comes in! 
Now is it a vision or a dream? Why not 
make it a realization of fact? 

The Present Status and Subsequent Needs of Medical 
Education on the India Mission Field 

A. Raymond Cottrell, M. D. 

THERE is in India a very small but in- 
creasing number of students being 
given training in medical schools 
whose courses of study are based on medical 
science as taught in the colleges and univer- 
sities of Europe and America. This group 
of doctors, along with the missionary and 
other physicians who have come from Eu- 
rope and America, are spoken of as having 
"western" medical training. They are thus 
distinguished from those so-called doctors 
who carry on their work according to the 
ancient customs of the people. The Indian 
name for a native doctor is "vaid" or 
"hakim." The better class of these have had 
more or less training according to the Ayur- 
vedic or the Unani system. These "eastern" 
systems are indigenous to the country and 
have, along with a minimum of good things, 
a great mass of irrational and unscientific 
practices based on ignorance and supersti- 
tion. Thousands of these vaids and hakims 
have never seen the inside of a classroom, 
and their ignorance and unsanitary practices 
are in some cases almost beyond belief. Yet 
the great mass of India's three hundred mil- 

lions of people must of necessity submit to 
the ministrations of these so-called "doc- 
tors," for the simple reason that there are not 
nearly enough real physicians to serve more 
than a very small proportion of the popula- 

The United States has ninety-six medical 
colleges for one hundred million people. 
India has five medical colleges for three 
hundred million people. In addition to the 
five medical colleges there are fourteen 
other institutions, called "medical schools," 
which give a less complete training. How- 
ever, not even the five medical colleges give 
enough training to grant the M. D. degree, 
that degree being obtained only in England. 

The medical councils of the various presi- 
dencies and states of India have in the last 
few years awakened to the need of higher 
standards for the medical registration of 
western trained physicians. This is com- 
mendable, but in framing the regulations 
they have imposed conditions which in many 
cases disqualify missionary and other doc- 
tors, even though graduates of good schools. 
Owing to these new regulations only those 


The Missionary Visitor 


who have graduated from a strictly-first- 
class (class "A") medical college, and who 
have had an interneship in a good hospital, 
should be sent as mission doctors. For 
nurses, only those having R. N. qualifica- 

On the other hand thousands of illiterate 
and untrained people are permitted to prac- 
tice medicine (?) indiscriminately and unre- 
strained. To an outsider it seems chaotic. 
The government makes no demands from, 
and places no restrictions on, the untrained 
native doctor or midwife, but as soon as the 
practitioner claims to have a western de- 
gree, especially M. D., and to conduct an 
organized dispensary or hospital or a train- 
ing school for nurses, the restrictions and 
regulations multiply. 

The need for western-trained physicians 
has been so great that three missionary 
medical schools have been opened, one for 
women at Ludhiana, in northern India, and 
one for men at Miraj, in western India. The 
third school, for women, is being opened 
this year at Vellore, in south India. Our 
mission has now one young man in his 
fourth year of training at Miraj and one 

young woman in her second year at the Lud- 
hiana school. Both of these young people 
are members of the Church of the Brethren. 
Two young girls are now studying English 
with the expectation of later entering a 
nurses' training class at Bulsar. At Bulsar 
we are also having to train a young man as 
a compounder or dispenser of medicines, 
this often being preferable to getting one 
who has been elsewhere. To assist us in 
our work we must have trained workers, 
native helpers. These are being added as 
rapidly as time and circumstances permit, 
for the kind of helpers we need and must 
have can rarely be had from other missions. 
They need all they can get for their own 
work. This means that most of our helpers 
will have to be trained either by us or for 
us. In addition to the ones mentioned above 
another young man should be in training as 
a doctor. Of native nurses we will need 
all that we can secure for some years to 
come. We need to be remembered by you 
in your prayers, that the right persons may 
be selected for this work and that we may 
ever hold before them its true purpose. 

Our Village Schools 

J. B. Emmert 

WE have within the territory of Jalal- 
por Station some very good village 
schools and some that are very ordi- 
nary. The largest and most successful one 
is at Bhat, a fishermen village by the sea. 
Their sailboats go far in quest of fish or 
in hauling freight, and they have found that 
the ability to read and write and count are 
valuable, hence we have no difficulty in 
keeping the boys in school. A hundred of 
them sometimes are enrolled, but only three 
or four girls. They think that girls need no 
education, and years of effort on our part 
have failed to convince them to the con- 
trary. There are pupils in each standard 
up to the fifth. The school is registered in 
the Government Educational Department 
and is inspected once a year by an official 
inspector. He speaks well of the work done, 
and last year secured us a grant of Rs. 110. 
The grant was several rupees less the two 
preceding years. Each year he also allows 

Rs. 15 for use in buying books and slates 
for the pupils. These presents are distributed 
at the time of the inspection. All other 
books and supplies are purchased by the 
pupils, and last year the fees paid by them 
amounted to Rs. 45. Two years ago the 
villagers contributed Rs. 250 towards the 
erection of a new schoolhouse. There is no 
known objection to the daily Bible lesson, 
and each year a large percentage of the 
pupils pass in the Sunday-school Examina- 
tion. There are three teachers in this school 
and the monthly expense to the mission is 
about $13. 

Another good school is at Machad, four 
miles west of Jalalpor. The people are 
farmers, but during the dry season most of 
the men go out on railway construction 
work, bridge building or other such labor. 
Many go to South Africa or New Zealand 
to seek their fortunes, and now during the 
war many have gone to the labor corps of 


The Missionary Visitor 



, ,,■ 


If ' * 


Ml *! 



L* ,!i>s. 


■ : 

■ 1 

•' >£ l :^' ; 

Charing Cross, Ootacamund, Showing: Breeks School and Surrounding's 

School on Top of Hill, Church at Right. School for Boys and Girls. 
Boarding Homes a Little Distance Away 

the army in France and Mesopotamia. In 
these occupations they need some education, 
and our school is well attended. In this vil- 
lage there has been some opposition to the 
religious teaching, and some requested the 
government to give them a school. We heard 
recently that a large section of the village 
prefers our school on account of the reli- 
gious and moral teaching. This is encourag- 
ing to us. Two men have become Christians 
and there is a decided interest on the part 
of others. This morning an influential man 
came to the bungalow and wanted to buy a 
New Testament. Three teachers are re- 
quired in this school to care for its seventy- 
five pupils who are studying in each grade 
up to the fifth. The monthly expense is 
about the same as that of the Bhat school. 
An interesting case is working out just 
now regarding another school, which was 
opened about eighteen months ago at the 
request of the villagers. Now the govern- 
ment offers them a school. My first thought 
was to encourage the move and withdraw in 
favor of the government school, as the vil- 
lage is at one side of our territory and diffi- 
cult to supervise properly. A few days ago 
a delegation of four men, including a petty 

government officer, came twenty-five miles 
to consult me about it. They desire that I 
petition the government to register our 
school for a grant-in-aid, thus making it 
a recognized school under our control. I 
consented to consider the matter favorably, 
if the villagers sign a petition to that effect. 
They went back well pleased and confident 
that they could easily secure such a peti- 
tion. I await the outcome with considerable 
interest because of the favor or disfavor it 
will show towards our work. 

Some other schools in this territory are 
not as prosperous or as well attended as 
those described above. The cause is some- 
times the lack of efficient teachers and 
sometimes the ignorance, indifference and 
poverty of the parents. But things are im- 
proving. Teacher material is in training in 
boarding schools and training classes, and 
the people are awakening to the advantage 
of an education. We have every reason to 
expect large and increasing success in all 
lines of our work in the near future, and 
oh, it is such a joy to be helping a race to 
come into the fuller inheritance of life and 
light, as made possible by the life and death 
of our blessed Lord! 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Family from the Backward Classes 

Village Schools 

J. I. Kaylor 

Opening a Village School 

WELL, James, where did you go to- 
day? " 
" I went out to Mandva." 

"What did the people say about taking 
a school?" 

"They want a school and will give a room 
for it until the rains are over, and then will 
help build a house; but now there is no 
place for the master to live. So what to do?" 

"How many children will come if we open 
a school?" 

"Only eight or ten." 

We tried to get an empty government 
room there but could not, so we stopped 
trying for a school in this village for the 
present, and arranged for this man to start 
a school in another village, where there had 
been a government school, which for some 
reason was closed. 

When we go into a village and ask if they 
want a school, they don't fear to say they 
do if they know of us and our work. But if 
they are not acquainted, and even may want 
a school very much, they will have many 
doubts and fears about the "padri people," 
as they call us. Sometimes some village 
will know of our schools in other villages; 

then they will come to us and ask for a 
school, which makes it easy to open one in 
their midst. 

Conducting a Live School 

When the school is opened it takes care 
and tact on our part to get the largest num- 
ber of children to come regularly, to do well 
in their studies, and to keep in favor with 
the people. The masters are not all perfect 
by any means, and often do things that the 
people do not like. There needs to be close 
supervision of the school in order to keep 
the master up in his work and to see the 
progress of the children. The missionary, 
who has the general station work to look 
after, the building work going on, or a 
"thousand and one" other things to take his 
attention, can not do the inspection as it 
ought to be done. An educational mission- 
ary cannot be found for every station, and 
a properly qualified Indian man is hard to 
find. If the master likes his work and is 
faithful, fair results can be expected with 
ordinary inspection. 

Purpose of the Village School 
When the work at a station is new the 
purpose is to open schools among the peo- 



The Missionary Visitor 


pie to educate their children, thus showing 
them that we are here for their good, and so 
get acquainted with them and win their 
confidence. Then the way is opened for our 
greater work — evangelizing them. We have 
this experience, that, when touring in a sec- 
tion where we have no schools, it takes 
much time to get a little acquainted and 
win a hearing even. But where they know 
of our schools and know our masters they 
are at once friendly and open. 

When, in the territory of a station, the 
work develops, in that the people begin to 
become Christian, and later if a mass move- 
ment begins, then the purpose radically 

changes to that of educating Christian chil- 
dren only, and the master to be the spiritual 
leader of the village. Many, many missions 
are up against this very problem — how to 
supply teachers and caretakers for the vil- 
lages where few or more have become Chris- 
tians. Many times baptism must be post- 
poned because of the lack of these leaders. 
So one great need on the mission field is 
to train such workers that the village school, 
the connecting link between the missionary 
and the people, can mean all possible, first, 
in the evangelization of the people, and then 
in the developing of the Christian commu- 

One Hundred and Thirty-three Thousand Children in Our Field 

Who Might Look like These After a Few 

Tears of Training 

The Village Schools 

S. Ira Arnold 

THE village school of India furnishes 
various opportunities for the teacher 
in charge. The children of the igno- 
rant and uneducated, the children of those 
who know not what education is, are in his 
hand. If he is disposed to "sit on his time," 
make a pretense, draw his wage and be 
called master, the opportunity is his unless 
the school is frequently inspected. But if 

his mind is to work for the benefit of the 
village people, they are there to receive 
what he can give them. He reports well. Yes, 
school is going; fifteen names on the roll. 
Of these ten are regular in school. Also a 
night school of eight children for which he 
asks kerosene and extra pay. Why not have 
all attend the day school? Well, he could 
ask for neither kerosene nor extra pay if all 


The Missionary Visitor 


came by day, for his work is to teach the 
day school. Thus to divide the school, have 
some come by day, and some by night, is 
the only chance for free oil and extra wage. 

Let us visit his school. A ride of several 
miles through hills and jungles brings us 
to the village. We come suddenly and un- 
announced to the master's house, where the 
school sits on the veranda. Four half-naked 
children, with torn books and dirty slates 
in hand, are sitting on the floor, going over 
their "ka, kha, ga, ghas" of the alphabet. 
Had they known we were coming they could 
have made a better showing — also could 
have had a better dinner prepared for us. 
But we came not for dinner, and we have 
come to see the work and have caught the 
teacher "sitting on time," sitting on mission 
time, on the time of the village, and on his 
own precious time for doing good. 

But let us ride an equal distance in the 
opposite direction. We arrive unannounced 
at the new schoolhouse, built of poles that 
the government granted free of tax for 
school purposes. The new house has two 
rooms. In one of these the teacher lives. 
The school uses the other room and the ve- 
randa. It is school-time. More than twenty 
children are sitting, studying. The teacher 
is busy helping them. His wife also has 
taken some of the classes and is helping the 
good work along. Yes, the children are 

poorly clad, some of them naked, but they 
are busy. They also study aloud, for all 
of the schools are of the "blab school" kind. 
In contrast with the quiet of the American 
school-room, the Indian school is the most 
noisy of places. We examine the roll book. 
Twenty-three names, twenty-two present 
today, and we are inclined to believe the 
master's statement of 95 per cent being 
present during the month. 

But the school is not conducted without 
difficulties. The father, who earns ten cents 
a day, or farms his own three acres of land, 
finds work for the hands of his children to 
do. The people are not only ignorant of the 
value of schools, and indifferent about send- 
ing their children, but they are poor, oh, so 
poorl The grain from last year is exhaust- 
ed, and until nature provides food from the 
fields they must exist oo wild roots. We 
had read stories in childhood of animals 
living on roots during hard times, but never 
such of human beings. The girl of seven 
must care for the baby of two, that the 
mother may join the food-earning force. The 
boy of eight must do his part at herding 
the village cattle. With the rains come the 
new crops, but no less rapidly spring up the 
grass and weeds to choke out the grain. The 
mother weeds for four cents per day; the 
father drives the plow for eight cents, and 
(Continued on Page 25) 

Backward Classes Assembled for a Wedding 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mission Boarding Schools 

Wilbur B. Stover 

IN the early years of our India mission 
work, primarily because of the imme- 
diate demands of the famine, we opened 
three boarding schools, one at Bulsar, one 
at Navsari, and one at Anklesvar. The reason 
for opening only three was that there were 
only three stations, with Bro. McCanns at 
Anklesvar, Bro. Forneys at Navsari, and 
ourselves at Bulsar. The work was urgent. 

Looking towards economy, desired by the 
Board, after a time the one at Navsari was 
closed, sending the boys to the other two 
schools. After further time the one at 
Anklesvar was closed, sending some of the 
boys to the farms in Raj Pipla State, and 
others to school and carpentry work in Bul- 
sar. Bro. McCann protested against the 
closing of the boarding school at Anklesvar, 
saying it was a great evangelizing agency, 
if not the greatest available. 

For some years I felt that, while we can 
start boarding schools to any extent we 
want to, if we have the money, yet the best 
idea of a boarding school on the mission 
field is to have it for the children of Chris- 
tians, with a few others welcome. Others 
felt to get all we can, for it is good mission 
work. Thus our boarding schools have 

Now we have a boarding school at prac- 
tically every mission station. These can be 
made just as large as we wish, but to spend 
money lavishly in any direction is not wise, 
because it has an unmoral effect on the com- 
munity. Instead of feeling that they must 
give, that the work in part depends on them, 
the people come to feel in the presence of 
lavish expenditure that the supply is inex- 
haustible, and their part is only to receive! 

A boarding school at every station is a 
normal condition in a mission. This board- 
ing school should be for the children of 
Christians, with a hearty welcome for the 
children of others. The children of Chris- 
tians may be greatly in the minority, but I 
think the idea should be maintained. It is 
easy of explanation. 

The religious education given in a mission 
school is the only reason for its existence. 
But for this, the money could be spent 
by giving it to children and telling them to 

go to the government schools in their vil- 
lage, or elsewhere. That would be less trou- 
ble. It would also be less wholesome. For 
the sake of the religious teaching, for the 
sake of teaching discipline, ethics, system, 
the mission school exists. On one occasion 
at Anklesvar the boys wanted leave to go 
to a Hindu festival in a near village. We 
do not dismiss school on Hindu holidays, so 
our reply was that there was to be school on 
that day. Then parents came and asked for 
leave for their boys. We told them there 
was to be school. In the evening previous, 
and in the morning of that day, nearly all 
the boys ran off. We were up against it. 
How about discipline? Perhaps the school 
would be broken up. After prayer, we de- 
cided to send word to all the runaways that 
on their return they should each bring a 
fine of four annas. Most returned promptly 
with the fine, but two delayed, and then came 
empty handed. We told them to return at 
once and bring the money for the fine. It 
worked splendidly. They brought it. The 
victory was ours. 

You may plant a tree in a few minutes, 
but it takes years to grow. If raw material 
brought into the church could have old and 
well established homes the next day, the 
need for the mission school would be small. 
Men are like trees. Ideals are like trees. 
They are planted in a short time, but the 
growing is a different thing. For the sake 
of the daily Scripture lesson, for the daily 
prayers, for the avoidance of obscene lan- 
guage, for cultivating reverence for the 
Lord's Day, for discipline, for cleanliness, 
to inculcate home ideals, to teach more than 
"book-larnin'," and even more than the need- 
ful first principles of farming and carpentry, 
the mission boarding school is a very great 
factor in the evangelizing of any mission 
field. ^ ^ 

Jesus came " to seek and to save that 
which was lost." We cannot do our whole 
duty by merely seeing to it that we are 
saved ourselves. If others had done that 
way, we ourselves would not be saved. If 
others are saved it will be because those 
who are saved carry the Gospel to them. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Education of Missionaries' Children— -Present Facilities 

Effie V. Long 

THERE are many schools for English 
and American children in India, all, 
so far as I know, in the hills, at an 
altitude of 4,000 to 7,000 feet above sea- 
level, and so having an even, temperate 
climate, about 80 degree F. in summer; 
some having frost, and a few, snow in winter. 
Some hill stations have several schools, 
but usually only one good school is at a 
place. Some of the hill schools are for boys 
alone, others for girls only (little boys up 
to ten years being always admitted to girls' 

Woodstock school, at Landour, for in- 
stance, under the American Presbyterian 
Board, is for girls, from kindergarten to 
high school, and also has a college for girls 
adjoining it. All English children are wel- 
come to attend this school, and many chil- 
dren, of seven years and up, are there as 
boarders, because the climate is so much bet- 
ter than that found on the plains of India. 
The same conditions obtain at other schools. 

Unfortunately, the hill schools are far 
from our mission, the nearest one being 300 

Woodstock Girls' School 

schools), and a few have coeducation. Many 
schools are denominational, founded and 
maintained by mission boards at home. 
Some are private enterprises. 

At least a few of these hill schools may 
be called really good schools. The kinder- 
garten is weak — not up to American ideals — 
but other grades are well taught. Several 
schools are especially for missionaries' chil- 
dren. There are many English government 
officials in India whose children make up the 
bulk of some schools. 

miles and not as desirable as some others. 
The majority are about 1,000 miles distant. 

The schools are in session nine or ten 
months of the year, having their vacations 
in the winter, when the climate is pleasant 
for the children to be at home. 

The expense is not exorbitant, being about 
$12 to $17 per month for board and tuition- 
music, etc., being extra. 

Since already there are good schools, and 
large schools, and well-equipped schools, it 


The Missionary Visitor 


does not appear to be wisdom for our home 
board to establish a school on the hills; but, 
rather, we should patronize some school of 
our choice, having a good matron to mother 
and care for the children, making a home 

for them in our own bungalow near the 
school. They would attend as "day schol- 
ars," and be at "home" the remainder of the 
time, and so be under the religious influ- 
ence we wish them to have. 

Our School at Machad 

A Sample Hour When Mother Teaches at Home 

Gertrude E. Emmert 

GOOD morning, children, come right 
in. You are very prompt this morn- 
ing, for it is just nine o'clock. Sit 
down. What shall we sing? " 

" Oh, let's sing, ' I am a stranger here.' " 
"No," says another, "let's sing, 'Columbia, 
the gem of the ocean.' " So they sang both 
of the songs, for all three children greatly 
enjoy singing. A chapter is then read from 
the Bible, in course, and each pupil repeats 
a verse from memory. A short prayer fol- 

"Now we are ready for our lessons. Lloyd, 
bring your arithmetic." 

"Salaam, madam saheb, do you have ring- 
worm medicine?" calls a voice from without. 

"Lloyd, go and give them the medicine. 
Anna, you may recite instead of Lloyd." 

A few minutes later a crowd of women 
are seen going past the bungalow with 
baskets on their heads; and as eggs and but- 
ter are needed, Mary, who is too small to 
go to school, is sent out to call egg and 
butter women. The recitation again begins 
and interest is secured, when another voice 
is heard. 

"Mama, I called an egg woman; another 

has butter, too." So school had to stop un- 
. til Mary came with several other women, 
each having four or six eggs. 

"That will do, Anna; you may now pre- 
pare your geography lesson while Lloyd has 
his arithmetic." 

About the time this recitation was fin- 
ished the cook came from the market, so 
his account had to be taken and he in- 
structed what to prepare for breakfast. 

"Anna, bring your geography." At this 
juncture Mary rushes in and cries, " O 
Mama, Sundarbai is coming and she has 
several women from her village with her." 
They are on their way to the market and 
wish to say salaam to the madam saheb, and 
chat awhile. An old woman also comes to 
sell bananas and to talk. After ten minutes 
all is ready for school again. 

"Now pome, children, let's finish our 
work." But where are the children? Anna 
has gone to play with Mary and Lloyd has 
slipped out to his garden. They come 
bounding back when called and the work 
goes on again. By noon the lessons have all 
been recited and work assigned for another 


The Missionary Visitor 


Why Teach Our Children at Home? 

Mary E. Stover 

OUR little ones grow up about us, leave 
babyhood behind, and one by one are 
ready for school. We think of the 
schools at home, and the parents who may 
well rejoice that a good school is always near 
at hand. We compare this with the advan- 
tages here. There are good schools for the 
India people, but for obvious reasons they 
are not suitable for our children, who are to 
be taught in English. We send them for a 
time to Gujarati or Marathi schools, and they 
learn to read and write in the vernacular. 
But this answers for a short time only. How- 
ever, to have acquired the first principles 
of the language is good for the children. 

There are schools for the children of 
Europeans at hill stations, and such chil- 
dren from all parts of the country, from 
isolated places as well as from cities, are 
in attendance there. They come from vari- 
ous homes, Christian and non-Christian. We 
could send our children to one of these 
schools which we might choose, and see 
them once a year when they have vacation 
for a month or more at Christmas time. To 
the present, however, none of us have done 
so except for short periods. 

Our eldest boy, Emmert, attended such a 
school for two years. He was 13 years old 
when he first went. When he was nearly 15, 
Miriam 10, and James 7, we went on fur- 

lough, and they were able to continue their 
schooling in America. With the exception 
of the two years for Emmert, referred to 
above, all the schooling they got until that 
time was at home. 

Companionship is to us a great blessing, 
as our circle of friends of our own kind is 
small. Our family even is divided, our three 
older children now being in America for 
study. As time goes on other families may 
find it necessary to be divided for the same 
reason. We hesitate to consent to separa- 
tion from our remaining two little ones. 
Other parents feel the same with respect to 
their children. For this reason, we mothers 
have school at home, for the present, as 
best we can. This is not always the most 
successful, for there are constant interrup- 
tions and other duties demanding one's time. 
But the children are with us; they join in 
family prayers; we direct their early reli- 
gious impressions; we know their compan- 
ions, and we keep watch over their health. I 
think no one understanding these things can 
suggest that we are selfish, in thus desiring, 
for their greatest good, to keep them with 

In short, at present the matter seems to 
me to be well worded by a dear friend of 
mine who has much to do with the children 
(Continued on Page 26) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Sans Souci Home 

Florence Baker Pittenger 

HOME, sweet home!" Home, the 
word so dear to every true heart! 
Yet in this land the same word is 
used for home that is • used for house. 
Sans Souci is the name of the house 
which is the " Home " of the Alliance 
Mission's children while they are in school. 
This home is in Panchgani, a hill station 
where there are two high schools — one for 
boys and one for girls. Both of these schools 
are boarding schools, under Church of Eng- 
land direction. 

Sans Souci is a real house, under the care 
of one of the mission's single ladies. She is 
by nature prepared for just such work. She is 
a mother to every child, enters into their 
very life in its every detail. She plays with 
them, loves them, directs their spiritual and 
physical interests, and manages the home 
with order and care. She is no idler. Just 
as a true mother looks after her own child's 
food, clothing, etc., so in this home each 

child receives personal attention, even to 
having turns in sitting on "auntie's lap." 

It was my privilege to spend a few days 
in the "home," and my heart was filled with 
admiration to see with what skill this one 
woman looks after fourteen growing, lively 
children, ranging in ages from seven years 
to eighteen years. 

Each child takes its turn in conducting 
the daily family worship and in giving 
thanks at mealtime. Each evening "good- 
night" Scripture verses are repeated and 
all retire with joy and gladness in the heart. 

A regular Sunday-school is conducted in 
the home. Then all attend the services in 
the church. 

During vacation between school years all 
children go to their individual homes on 
the plains. Sans Souci is a success. We 
think the plan as nearly ideal as anything 
we can have for the children of our own 

Our Home on the Hills 

Flora M. Ross 

DURING the summer of 1916 our 
school-girls were withi their par- 
ents and other missionaries who 
were at Landour for a rest. When the 
missionaries came home in June, Angeline 
Pittenger and our Nina went into the 
school as boarders for a couple of months 
until we could go and make a home 
for them. We arrived there the first days of 
August, but the two girls stayed at the 
school, since it was rainy and hard for them 
to come and go, the school being situated 
down the side of the mountain much lower 
than where we were living. 

About the time we were intending to take 
them out we heard that there were cases 
of measles in the school, so we brought 
them home at once. We feared they might 
be quarantined and have to stay in a long 
time, which would be hard for them, since 
they were counting on coming out and 
were jubilant over the thought. 

Angeline had had measles, so we had no 
thought that she might take them. Nina 
took them first, but to our surprise Angeline 
took them and at the same time Ruth, too, 
took them. Ruth said she would run so fast 
that the measles could not get her, but when 
the allotted time arrived, down came Ruth 
with them, and she was more sober and 
quiet for a number of days than she usually 
is. Angeline became very sick, and we had 
a mission doctor, who was there at the time, 
come to see her several times. There was 
the added anxiety ihat we might not be able 
to do as much for another's child as her own 
parents might do. But all got through nicely 
and then they went each day for school. 

Landour is the upper part of Mussoorie, 
which is in the Himalaya Mountains. It is 
built on the sides of the mountains, the 
houses being constructed wherever they 
could make a level spot large enough for 


The Missionary Visitor 


In autumn it gets quite cool. The houses 
in India, even on the mountains, are poorly 
arranged for heating; and fuel being very 
expensive we found it rather difficult to keep 
comfortably warm. We used to gather as 
closely as possible around the open fire in 
the evenings until bedtime. The last of No- 
vember Bro. Ross came up to help us come 
home, and help we did need, since other 
parents asked us to bring their children 
from the school, it being vacation time, 

In 1917 Brethren Longs and Pittengers 
were at Panchgani through the hottest 
months. Nina and Ruth accompanied the 
Pittengers and stayed with them till they 
came home, and then for a couple of weeks 
they were with the Longs till we could come 
there and keep all the girls with us in the 
home. This time there were Angeline Pit- 
tenger and Esther Long and Nina and Ruth, 
all four going to school. Angeline and 
Esther were a bit homesick for a few days, 
but soon they got over that and settled 
down to good solid work in school. When I 
found that one of them was homesick, a 
story or some side attraction soon dispelled 
that and they got along nicely. 

I always tried to get most of my work 
done while the girls were in school, so that 
I might be able to help them when out of 
school. The first thing, when they came 
home, was to prepare lessons for the next 
day; then they could have their play. Our 
home there was just across the road from 
the school, s© they got little exercise com- 
ing and going, and I had to look out for 
them that they got it in some other way. 

At one side of the town, and much higher 
and overlooking the surrounding country, 
is a great tableland of rock, which is kept as 
a public playground, and a fine and popular 
place it is. When the weather was fit the 
girls enjoyed so much going up there to 
gather flowers or to watch the sports. 

Panchgani is built on a ridge of moun- 
tains, and to look down into the valleys and 
up to the waterfalls on other mountains is 
a beautiful sight. The place is much like 
a park, with large yards and plenty of nice 
trees around the buildings, though the beau- 
tiful lawns we see at home are not in evi- 

After supper we had time for prayers, 
Scripture lessons and stories. Often one and 
sometimes all four of the school girls would 

lead in prayer, always remembering their 
own and each other's parents, brothers and 
sisters, uncles and aunts and grandparents. 
Nor must we forget little Evelyn, of one 
and a half years. She was the sunbeam of 
the home, and often there was some rivalry 
as to who was to fondle her for the time. 

Sometimes they would get up a surprise 
on "auntie." Usually it was decorating the 
table or dining room with roses and flowers 
from the yard. Then I was not allowed to 
go into the room until all was ready. One 
evening while I was out they and the cook 
made lemonade of lemons they got from 
a tree near the steps. The whole house 
smelled of lemons, and when I guessed the 
surprise they wondered how I knew. 

About a month before we came home 
Ruth contracted whooping cough, and then 
Evelyn took it. Looking after them, espe- 
cially at night, made extra care. But on the 
whole the experience I had in making a 
home on the hills for the children while in 
school was a happy one, and I was glad to 
have the privilege of having them all to- 
gether in our home. 

(Continued from Page 19) 
grain for their supper is four cents a pound, 
so the chidren over five years must join in 
the work if they would eat. But many are 
making the sacrifice and sending their chil- 
dren to school. 

To be the only learned man in the village 
is quite an honor. We recently visited a vil- 
lage where the people requested a school 
for their children. We asked how many edu- 
cated men there were in the village? "One/' 
was the reply, pointing to one of their num- 
ber sitting in the circle on the ground. How 
far has he studied? He had not finished, but 
had read part of the first reader. He was 
the only learned man in that village 1 We 
are sorry we have not been able as yet to 
give them a school. 

Vali, Post Umalla, via Anklesvar. 

Peter said he thought it was his duty to 
stir his people up, as long as he lived. 
And yet, strange to say some folks resent 
anything which disturbs them in their easy- 
going ways. I guess every church and 
every member in it needs to be stirred up 
frequently, whether they like it or not. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Special Week of Evangelism 

I. S. Long 

JUDGING from the various mission re- 
ports of the work done during this 
week, in the several years gone by, one 
is led to believe this " week " a real fixture 
among us. For instance, the General As- 
sembly of the Presbyterian Church in India 
says that the third week of February, '18, 
was "the greatest week ever experienced by 
our church in India." 

Why a special week? may be asked. Such 
a week of effort provides a definite object, 
and seeks to call forth all the forces of the 
community. The whole thought and prayer 
of the church are centered on the one work 
of winning men and women to Christ. 

The results are everywhere much the 
same. For instance, one has written, "Our 
Church has had a new vision of India's need, 
of the great opportunity for the Gospel of 
Christ, of its wonderful power to save the 
lost; and moreover we have received a new 
baptism of zeal and earnestness." Or, "The 
church has just now begun to realize her 
duty in the matter of evangelism. Voluntary 
work has greatly increased. Some parishes 
have taken up special missionary work, at 
a distance. There are many Hindu en- 
quirers," etc., etc. 

When the church members become really 
in earnest about soul saving, and souls are 
really graciously saved, who does not know 
from experience the reflex influence in the 
lives of the members? 

As we go from village to village, giving 
simple testimony concerning His power to 
save, and singing simple yet inspiring 
hymns of praise, we are ofttimes amazed 
at how poorly some intelligent Christians 
testify, amazed at what a poor experience of 
grace they must enjoy, and equally amazed 
at the ease and power with which others tell 
of what Jesus has done for them. In other 
words, we "find" ourselves. But if by such 
a week many learn to witness for Christ, 
learn that the winning of the world is not 
alone the work of the paid workers, but their 
work also, it is certainly worth while to set 
apart this time when all are invited to de- 
vote themselves to the work of the Lord. 

I may honestly say, I think, that our own 

mission helpers in the several weeks ob- 
served, in the last several years, made a 
commendable effort, worked hard at no 
little sacrifice in some instances, and the 
blessing bestowed and received was com- 
mensurate with their effort and sacrifice. 
As they returned, band after band, telling 
of their work, of the surprising welcome 
received at the hands of the caste peo- 
ple even, of the wondrous way the Holy 
Spirit led them out into testimony — being 
able to testify and preach what they never 
knew before, by a Power from without them- 
selves — we were led to praise the Lord, all 
together, and to realize that the effort is 
most blessedly worth the while. No doubt 
your prayers figured largely in the blessings 
obtained, and you are hereby invited to have 
this your part in God's work entrusted to us 
during the second and third weeks of each 
February, as it comes, year by year. 

During our last week some twenty odd 
thousand heard the Word. There were over 
100 inquirers. Nearly 4,000 Gospel portions, 
1,500 religious tracts, fifty-one New Testa- 
ments and thirteen Bibles were sold, in addi- 
tion to handbills given away. 

It will be of interest to you to know that 
Mr. Sherwood Eddy, who has been so gra- 
ciously used in several visits to China, is 
expected in India in February of '19. He will 
first visit Western India and will be in 
Gujarat during February. His time will be 
given to the several centers of India from 
February to August. He is an earnest and 
most forceful speaker. We long to see the 
intelligent classes of India wrought upon by 
the Spirit of God, as in China. By interces- 
sory prayer in behalf of this messenger of 
Christ among us you will do a noble part. 


(Continued from Page 23) 
who attend a certain boarding school on the 
hills. She writes: "The children are all well, 
and for the most part happy, and make good 
progress in their studies, but when I think 
of your little ones, I am really glad that you 
are keeping them yet in the ' home nest.' " 


The Missionary Visitor 


Evangelistic Prayer List — India (Continued) 

Vali: Pray that, 

1. The teachers of our village schools 
may have a real concern for the souls of the 
children they teach, and that wage may be- 
come a secondary matter. 

2. The children (many of them get no 
farther than the first grade) may learn 
something of more value than letters. 

3. The boys in our boarding school may 
develop into material of real value in mis- 
sion work. 

4. Our educational work may become 
more helpful to our real work, evangelistic. 

S. I. Arnold. 

Vali Medical: 

I would be thankful for the prayers of 
God's people to the end that I might have 
• wisdom, strength, and guidance in the med- 
ical and evangelistic work, especially among 
the women. The medical work is growing 
and will soon be heavy unless the shortage 
of crops keeps the people from coming for 
want of money. Ida Himmelsbaugh. 


The following may be mentioned as re- 
quests for prayer: 

1. That the evangelists may be more con- 
secrated and have a larger vision of their 

2. That the Spirit may work mightily in 
convicting power with a family of three 
brothers who are leaning toward Christ. 

3. That the larger pupils in our schools 
may be brought to realize their need of 
salvation and turn to the Lord for it. 

4. That men's hearts may be turned to 
the Lord by the suffering that is likely to 
follow the shortage of rainfall this year. 

J. B. Emmert. 

1. Pray that each Christian, daily, by 
word as well as by conduct, bear testimony 
of the Lord's unfailing love for him as for 
all the world. 

2. Pray that the Holy Spirit shall lead the 
entire caste of Mitnas to confess the Lord 
as their Savior. 

3. Pray that those who work among 
these Mitnas shall be endowed with special 
power by the Spirit to witness in word and 
conduct, so as to be used of Him to bring 
to pass the conversion of this caste. 

J. M. Pittenger. 
Dahanu Medical: 

1. Pray for the medical work, that, as the 
people come for physical help, they may 
come to realize their spiritual need, and 
seek the Great Physician. 

2. Pray that a registered nurse, qualified 
spiritually and professionally for the train- 
ing of native nurses, may soon come to us. 

Dr. Nickey. 

Bulsar Medical: Pray for 

1. Hospital evangelists, Lellubhai Kalidass 
and his wife, Salomiebai, that as they give 
the Gospel Message they may be directed 
by the Holy Spirit. 

2. The hospital staff, that as they minister 
to the sick they may do it all with the 
Spirit of Christ. 

3. For the patients and their friends who 
come, that as they hear the story of Christ 
they may become seekers after the Word. 

4. Drs. Cottrell, that they may be given 
wisdom for their work, that the ones they 
serve may know the Christ, the Great Phy- 
sician. Drs. Cottrell. 


During the winter season the great sub- 
ject for prayer will be the Evangelistic 

1. For the unity of the church, a feeling 
of greater responsibility, greater zeal, more 
willingness to sacrifice for the cause. 

2. For direction as to where to go and to 
whom to speak. 

3. For production of conviction in hearts 

(Continued on Page 32) 


The Missionary Visitor 


During the month of November the Board 
sent out 63,400 pages of tracts. 

The following contributions to the Board's 
funds have been received during the month of 
November : 

Ohio— $455.10 
Northwestern District, Congregations 

Baker, $30; Pleasant View, $111.10, ..$ 14110 

Claude G. Vore and wife, $75; L. H. 
Cook, $1.50; Mrs. S. A. Kintner, $50; 
Jonas Groff and wife, $35; Mrs. Mary 

Newcomer, 50 cents; L. F., $12 174 00 

Northeastern District, Individuals 

Hannah Longanecker, $10; Simeon 
Longanecker, $10; Mr. and Mrs. C. L. 
Dodge, $5; Anna Leeser, $1; Maurice 
Zellner, $1; Mrs. Clara A. Holloway, 

$1, 28 00 

Southern District, Individuals 

Mrs. D. E. Hoover, $5; C. H. Shock, 

$7; A. E. S. & C. M. S., $100, 112 00 

Indiana— $360.64 

Northern District, Individuals 

Cyrus' Steele, 50 cents; Paul Eaton, 
$25; Mr. and Mrs. Lee R. Cory, $30; 
Thomas Cripe, $25; Mrs. Arly Smith, 

$5, 85 50 

Middle District, Congregations 

Flora, $40.06; West Manchester, $44.45; 
Solomon's Creek, $9.78, 94 29 

Christian Workers, Logansport, 3 15 


J. D. Rife, $1.20; Levi Zumbrum and 
wife, $50; W. H. Gauntt, $4; Lottie 
Hummel, $1; A Brother, Roann, $12; 
A Brother, $6; A Brother and Sister, 

$10 ; Mary E. Strauser, $5, 89 20 

Southern District, Individuals 

Austin Himes, $60; Harry A. Smelt- 
zer, $13.50; Clara Metzger, $5; Arthur 
Dodge and wife, $5; Mrs. Elizabeth Mil- 
ler, $1.80; Catharine Bowman, $1; Shut- 
in Sister, $1; Joseph Clingenpeel, 20 
cents ; Mrs. Hanna Metzger, $1, 88 50 

Kansas — $235.00 

Northeastern District, Congregations 

Morrill, $23.30; Topeka, $15; Armour- 
dale Mission, $6.50, 44 80 


A. E. Riffey, $100; Mrs. Lydia Kim- 

mel, $10 110 00 

Northwestern District, Congregation 

Belleville, 20 00 


Mary R. Mohler, . , 90 

Southwestern District, Aid Society 

Conway Springs Aid 25 00 


Mrs. Naomi R. Hupp, $1.30; A Sister, 

$5, 6 30 

Southeastern District, Individuals 

A. B. Lichtenwalter, $15; Fannie 
Stephens, $3, 18 00 

Arkansas— $171.50 


A. J. Burris, $156.50; J. M. Black- 
quell, $15, 17150 

Pennsylvania — $145.24 

Western District, Individuals 

W. N. Myers and wife, $10; Mrs. J. 
M. Fyock, $2; Mrs. Anna Beechy, $3; 
Lydia Umbel, $3.50; Thomas Hardin 
and family, $1; S. U. Shober, 50 cents; 

Anna M. Garber, $2; Rebecca Wouset- 

tler, $1 ; The Lord's Tenth, $15, 38 00 

Southern District, Individuals 

Mrs. George White, $2.75; Rachel P. 
Zeigler, $1; Mary A. Paul, $1; Chas. 
King, $3; Mr. and Mrs. Ross Sapping- 
ton, $5; J. R. Davis, $1; H. J. Shellen- 
berger, $4.37; M. O. Myers, $6; Bar- 
bara Leitner, $1 25 12 

Middle District, Congregation 

Leamersville, 16 82 


L. W. Wineland and family, $10; Jo- 
seph Crawford and wife, $5; Mrs. S. 
P. Brumbaugh, $5; Mrs. Eliza Brum- 
baugh, 40 cents; Susan Rouzer, $10, .. 30 40 
Eastern District, Christian Workers. 

Palmyra, 21 90 


A Brother and Sister, Little Swatara, 
$10; Sister Shank, $2; Lizzie Lerew, $1, 13 00 
Iowa— $177.24 
Northern District, Individuals 

A Brother, $100; L. W. Berkey, 50 

cents ; W. S. Rodeffer, $20 170 00 

Middle District, Individual 

S. Schlotman, 3 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Osceola, 4 24 

West Virginia— $139.55 
First District, Congregation 

White Pine, 1 00 


Lime Rock, 14 00 


Martha A. Riner, $2; Mrs. Margaret 
Shell, $4.25; Geo. T. Leatherman, $5; 
Rosser Waggy, $20; William Waggy, 

$10, 41 25 

Second District, Individual 

A Brother, 10 00 

Northern District, Congregation 

Unity, u... 38 55 


Benj. Wine, $15; Bettie F. Lamb, $5, 20 00 
Southern District, Sunday-school 

Moscow, Elk Run Cong., 2 75 


Mrs. B. W. Wimmer, $10; J. W. Sum- 
ner, $2 12 00 

North Dakota— $137.50 

Rock Lake, Harvest Meeting, 104 50 


Roy S. Parker, $10; A Brother and 
Sister, $5; J. M. Fike, $3; J. F. Hudson 

and wife, $10; Shively Family, $5 33 00 

California— $98.55 

Northern District, Individuals 

D. S. Musselman, $2.15; Ira Stude- 
baker, $50; C. C. Gish, $15; Jacob I. 

Huffman and wife, $15, 82 15 

Southern District, Individuals 

A Brother, $10.40; A Sister, $5; D. 

E. Lyon, $1 16 40 

New Mexico — $89.00 

Pecos Valley, 89 00 

Idaho — $67.10 

Clearwater, 1 10 


S. L. Gross and wife, $50; Mrs. Mary 
C. Jones, $5; Fred Parker, $5; Ethel 
Mudge, $1; Myrta Bowers, $5, 66 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $47.26 

northern District, Congregation 

Elgin, 6 50 

Christian "Workers 

Hickory Grove, 3 26 


Daniel Barrick, $1.50; Julia Ellen Por- 
ter, $3; W. S. Christner, $5; Jacob T. 

Hallam, $10 ; Ezra Flory, $1, 20 50 

Southern District, Individuals 

Martin Gergens, $7; Mrs. R. A. For- 
ney, $5; Sister at Hudson, $3; Bernice J. 

Ashmore, $2, 17 00 

Tennessee— -$45.10 

Knob Creek 5 00 


Mrs. D. T. Keebler, $17; A Brother, 
$16.10; Maggie Satterfield, $5; Mrs. J. J. 

Emmert, $2, 40 10 

Missouri— $43.00 

Northern District, Individuals 

Emma Schildknecht, $5; A Sister, $2, 7 00 

Middle District, Congregation 

Mound Valley, 25 00 


Sister M. D., $1; Jas. P. Harris and 

wife, $5, 6 00 

Southern District, Individuals 

Earl Harvey and wife, 5 00 

Nebraska— $31.00 

Kearney 26 00 


Catharine Musselman 5 00 

Colorado — $40.00 

Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Essig, $30; H. 

P. Talhelm, $10, 40 00 

Oklahoma— $25.11 

Washita 23 11 


Marshall Ennis 2 00 

Louisiana — $25.00 

J ohn and Lucy Metzger, 25 00 

Delaware— $20.00 

J. B. Hostedler and family, 20 00 

Montana — $19.00 

Eairview Union 9 00 


Mrs. R. D. Clark, ..••..••..•• 10 

Maryland— $14.00 

Eastern District, Individuals 

R. Wade Grosnickle and wife, $5; Sal- 
lie Wingard, $3; J. M. Henry, $1, . . . . 9 00 
Middle District, Individual 

Adline Nighswander, 5 00 

Texaa — $10.00 

L. J. Porter, 10 00 

Michigan — $6.00 

Berrien, $3 ; Blue Ridge, $1 4 00 


Bit. Pleasant (U. B. Cong.) 100 


A Sister 1 00 

Canada— $5.00 

H. B. Maldies 5 00 

Wisconsin — $5.00 

Mabel Shuckhart, 5 00 

Florida— $5.00 

J. V. and Sarah Felthouse, 5 00 

Minnesota — $5.00 

W. S. Ramer, 5 00 

South Dakota— $5.00 

C. I. Myers and wife, 5 00 

South Carolina — $2.40 


J. I. Branscom, 2 40 

Total for the month, $2,419 29 

rreviously reported 87,835 07 

For the year so far, $90,254 96 

Pennsylvania — $3.50 

Eastern District, Individual 

In Jesus' Name $ 2 50 

Southern District, Individual 

Arthur Myers, l 00 

Minnesota— $18.20 

Greenleafton Ref., 18 20 

Indiana— $7.50 

Middle District Individuals 

A Sister, $5; Lottie Hummel, $1, 6 00 

Southern District, Individual 

Oscar E. Haynes, i 50 

Oregon— $2.00 

A. E. Troyer and wife 2 00 

Missouri— $1.00 

Middle District, Individual 

Sister M. D., 1 00 

Ohio— $5.00 

Northwestern District, Individual 

J. E. Young, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 37 20 

Previously reported 1,335 12 

For the year so far, $1,372 32 


Pennsylvania— $166.25 

Western District, Congregation 

Elbethel, $ 140 00 

Southern District, Sunday-schools 

Sunbeam Class, Carlisle S. S., $6.25; 
Ida Fitzwater's Class, Green Tree Con- 
gregation, $20 26 25 

Virginia— $50.00 

Northern District, Sunday-school 

Willing Workers Class, Mill Creek S. 

S-, 25 00 

Aid Society 

Western Mill Creek, ; 25 00 

Ohio— $26.25 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school 

Primary Dept., Hartville S. S 6 25 

Aid Society 

Springfield, Springfield Cong 20 00 

Texas — $32.00 

Manville, .T. . 32 00 

Colorado — $25.00 

In Memory of Frank Dick, 25 00 

Maryland— $25.00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school 

Willing Workers Bible Class, Wood- 
berry, 25 00 

Indiana — $25.00 

Middle District, Sunday-school 

Willing Workers Class, Flora 15 00 

Aid Society, 

North Manchester 10 00 

Kansas — $11.90 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school 

Primary Department, 1190 

Michigan— $8.00 

Sunfield, 8 00 

Missouri— $6.25 

Northern District, Sunday-school 

Loyal Sons Class, 6 25 

Illinois — $6.65 

Northern District, Congregation 

Elgin 45 



The Missionary Visitor 


Little Boys' Class, Champaign S. S., 6 20 

Total for the month, $ 382 30 

Previously received, 4,989 58 

For the year so far, ". $5,37188 


Pennsylvania — $355.20 

Western District, Congregation 

Elk Lick $ 10 00 

Eastern District, Congregation 

Big Swatara, $70.20; Harrisburg, $50, 120 20 

Heidlersburg, Tulpehocken Cong., $20; 
Primary Class, Union S. S., Little Swa- 
tara, $10 ; AnnVille, $50 80 00 

Christian Workers 

Palmyra, Spring Creek Cong., 50 00 

Aid Society 

Annville, 10 00 


Fannie N. S. Etter, $5; Ella Groff, 
$10; Meyer J. Gribble, $10; Ezra Weng- 
er, $50 ; Amos K. Curry, $10 85 00 

Total for the month, $ 355 20 

Previously reported, 6,996 04 

For the year so far, $7,35124 


Missouri— $1.00 

Middle District, Individual 

Lutie Holloway $ 1 00 

Iowa — $1.00 


Forrest Miller, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 2 00 

Previously reported 138 50 

For the year so far, $ 140 50 


Indiana — $41.44 

Northern District, Congregation 

Elkhart City, $ 8 01 

Christian Workers 

West Goshen, $5.25; Walnut, $3.50, .. 8 75 

Southern District, Christian Workers 

Anderson, $11.50; Plevna, $7; Antioch, 

$3.18; Rossville, $3 24 68 

Kansas — $19.93 

Northeastern District, Christian Workers 

Chapman Creek 1 53 

Southwestern District, Christian Workers 

East Wilhita, $7.50; Larned Country 

Church, $7.37 ; Newton, $3.53 18 40 

Illinois— $21.74 

Northern District, Christian Workers 

Waddams Grove, $12; Lanark, $3.86; 

Polo, $2.43, 18 29 

Southern District, Congregation 

Allison Prairie, 3 45 

Maryland — $15.00 

Eastern District, Congregation 

Long Green Valley, 9 00 

Christian Workers 

Meadow Branch, 6 00 

Ohio— $9.13 

Northwestern District, Christian Work. 

Black Swamp, 2 88 

Southern District, Christian Workers 

Greenville 6 25 

Missouri — $8.29 

Northern District, Christian Workers 

Wakenda, 5 29 

Southern District, Christian Workers 

Carthage, 3 00 

Cuba — $10.00 
Christian Workers 

Omaja 10 00 

Iowa — $11.42 

Middle District, Christian Workers 

Brooklyn, 4 42 

Southern District, Individual 

Ellen Moss 7 00 

Pennsylvania — $7.54 

Middle District, Christian Workers 

Leamersville, 3 54 

Southern District, Christian Workers 

Boiling Springs, 4 00 

Virginia— $6.37 

Eastern District, Christian Workers 

Manassas 4 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers 

Laurel Branch 2 37 

Nebraska — $4.43 
Christian Workers 

Lincoln 4 43 

Total for the month $ 155 29 

Previously reported, 75 17 

For the year so far, $ 230 46 


Pennsylvania— $147.50 

Western District, Aid Society 

Pleasant Hill, $50; Viewmont, $12.50, $ 62 50 
Eastern District, Aid Society 

Ephrata, $50; Tulpehocken, $25, 75 00 

Southern District, Aid Society 

Lake Ridge 10 00 

Indiana— $75.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

Elkhart City 50 00 

Middle District, Aid Society 

North Manchester, 25 00 

Virginia— $75.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

Greenmount, 50/00 

Middle District, Aid Society 

Western Mill Creek, 25 00 

Ohio— $27.50 
Northwestern District, Aid Society 

Silver Creek, 25 00 

Southern District, Aid Society 

Beaver Creek, 2 50 

Kansas — $25.00 

Southwestern District, Aid Society 

Conway Springs, 25 00 

Illinois— $20.00 

Southern District, Aid Society 

Woodland, 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 370 00 

Previously reported 2,467 81 

For the Tear so far, $2,837 81 


Ohio— $10.00 

Northwestern District, Individual 

J. E. Young, $ 5 00 

Southern District, Individual 

Edith Riley, 5 00 

Maryland — $11.00 

Western District, Individual 

Cora Shaffer 2 00 

Eastern District, Congregation 

Long Green Valley, 9 00 

Pennsylvania — $10.50 

Eastern District, Christian Workers 

Lebanon, 8 00 


In Jesus' Name, 2 50 

Montana — $7.50 

Fairview Union, 7 50 

California— $7.00 

Northern District, Christian Workers 

Reedley, 7 00 

Washington — $6.00 

J. W. Graybill and family, 6 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Michigan— $5.80 


Riverside, 5 80 

Texas— $5.00 

Pvt. Eugene L. Moss, 5 00 

Missouri— $1.00 

Middle .District, Individual 

Sister M. D 1 00 

Indiana— $1.00 

Middle District, Individual 

Lottie Hummel 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 64 80 

Previously reported, 1,542 23 

For the year so far $1,607 03 

Washington— $15.00 

Christian Workers 

Wenatchee City $ 10 00 


Helen Hatfield 5 00 

Michigan— $11.00 
Aid Society 

Woodland, 11 00 

Nebraska— $7.93 
Christian Workers 

Kearney 7 93 

Pennsylvania— $7.03 

Eastern District, Christian Workers 

Palmyra, Spring Creek Cong., 7 03 

Total for the month $ 40 96 

Previously reported, 382 12 

For the year so far $ 423 08 


Indiana— $30.00 

Northern District, Sunday-school 

Oak Urove, 30 00 

Ohio— $8.00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Willing Workers Class, Laramie S. S., 8 00 

Illinois — 85 cents 
Northern District, Congregation 

Elgin 35 

Christian Workers 

Lanark, 50 

Total for the month, $ 38 85 

Previously reported, 340 32 

For the year so far, $ 379 17 

Indiana, — $5.00 
Southern District, Christian Workers 

Fairview $ 5 00 

Pennsylvania $5.00 

Middle District, Christian Workers 

Roaring Spring, i .. 00 

Maryland — $5.00 

Eastern District, Christian Workers 

Westminster, 5 00 

Washington — $4.00 

Dora Adams, 4 00 

Idaho— $2.00 

Mary Sherfy Class, Twin Falls Sun- 
day-school, 2 00 

Illinois — 55 cents 

Northern District, Congregation 

Elgin 55 

Total for the month, $ 2155 

Previously reported, 353 71 

For the year so far, $ 375 26 

Canada — $50.00 

Mrs. Mary Rhodes, $ 50 00 

Colorado — $2.00 

First Grand Valley, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 52 00 

Previously reported 163 65 

For the year so far, $ 215 65 

Washington— $5.00 

Sallie Hatfield, $ 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $2.00 

Eastern District, Individuals 

A Brother and Sister, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 7 00 

Previously reported, 83 58 

For the year so far, $ 90 58 


Oklahoma — $30.00 


Prentice Twins, $20; Sister Slife, $10, $ 30 00 

Total for the month, $ 30 00 

Previously reported, 121 60 

For the year so far $ 151 60 

Ohio— $1.90 

Northeastern District, Individual 
A Sister, $ 190 

Total for the month, $ 190 

Previously reported, 1,004 00 

For the year so far, $1,005 90 






John K. Shively, Los Angeles, $ 65 


Mrs. Mary C. Jones, Caldwell, 5 00 


Mrs. B. S. Kindig, Onarga. $10; Jacob 
T. Hallam, Chicago, $10; Elgin Cong., 

10 cents ; Champaign Cong., $19, 39 10 


J. L. and Ida Cunningham, Flora, 
$10; Jessie Dick. Corunna, 55 cents; 
David Bower, Flora, $5; Mrs. David 

Bower, Flora, 50 cents, 16 05 


A. F. Rieste, Adel, $5; C. O. Gibson, 

Kinross, $10; Osceola S. S., $5.38 20 38 


Olathe S. S.. $5.65; East Wichita C. 
W. Society, $23; A. B. Lichtenwalter. 
Columbus, $15; Mrs. Lydia Kimmel, 

McLouth, $10, 53 65 


Floyd Umbel, Selbysport 3 50 


Mary M. Cox, Sweet Springs, 2 00 


A Sister, Lincoln, 5 00 


Kuth Beltz, Massillon, $15; Springfield 
Sisters' Aid Society, $20; Walnut Grove 
S. S., $7; Mrs. Aaron Sollenberger, Un- 
ion, $10; Canton Center Cong., $23.16,.*. 75 16 

Esther B. Stayer, Woodbury, $25; H. 

M. Carpenter, New Oxford, $5, 30 00 


Mrs. J. J. Emmert, Rogersville, 2 00 


Jennie Lintecum, Hillsville, $1; Mollie 
S. Foltz, Stanley, $4 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Sallie Hatfield, Wenatchee, $5; Dora 
Adams, Cashmere, $3.00; Enterprise S. 

S., $5, 13 °° 

West Virginia 

Chestnut Grove Cong., $35.07; Pleas- 
ant View S, S., $50 85 07 

Wisconsin ._ .. 

J. M. Fruit, Viola, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 365 56 


Indiana „, 

J L. and Ida Cunningham, Flora, 
$10; A Brother, Roanoke, $5; Nappanee 

Cong., $16.86 $ 31 m 

Kansas __ „- 

Verdigris Cong., " 5 «* 5 

Maryland , „, • . 

West Point Mission, $11; John B. Dot- 
terer, Annapolis Junction, $10; David R. 

Dotterer, Eccleston, $20, 41 00 

Missouri ft 

Smithf ork Cong 10^ S» 

Nebraska _ ^^ 

A Sister, Lincoln, 5 w 

North Dakota ancr „ 

Wm. H. McCoy, Leal, $25 ; Wm. H. 

McCoy, Leal, $25, 50 °° 


A Sister, Elizabethtown 

Mrs. A. Rupp, Flowella 50 00 


Sallie Hatfield, Wenatchee 

West Virginia n _ 

John W. and Elva May Hevener, Hos- 
terman, $10; John W. and Elva May 
Hevener, Hostermam, $50.20, 

5 00 

5 00 

60 20 

Total for the month ? 426 29 



J. L. and Ida Cunningham, Flora, 
$10; Susan Ecklebarger, Goshen, $10; 
Thomas Cripe, Goshen, $25 4o 00 

10 50 

Dallas Center Sisters' Aid Society, 
Kansas „ „ . • 

Mrs. Martha Frantz, Conway Springs, 

$5; Susan Crumpacher, Hiattville, $5,.. iu w 

Louisiana -.'*•'«■ o nn 

Mrs. Cora Cox, Sweetville, ^ W 

Maryland or;nn 

C. F. Fifer, Rehobeth ^ w 

Michigan ,, _ nn 

Amanda Wertenberger, South Haven, 6 W 

2 00 

Nebraska „ . 

Mrs. M. E. Hildebrand, Du Bois, ... 

Walnut Grove S. S., $7; J. E. Young, 

Tiffin, $10, 17 00 

South Dakota 

Hazel Dumpman, Montrose, $3; Roy 
Dumpman, Montrose, $3; A Sister, Mont- 

rose, $10, 1600 


Helen Hatfield, Wenatchee, 

5 00 

Total for the month, $ 135 50 



Knights of Honor Class, Wakenda S. 

S-) ,.. $ 2 00 

Nebraska _ 

A Sister, Lincoln, $5; A. D. Poush, 

Juniata, $1, 


Springfield Sisters' Aid Society, $4.30; 
A Home Department Member of Hart- 
ville S. S., $1, 

6 00 



Ministerial Committee of Northern Il- 
linois, $ 30 63 


Joint S. S. Convention of Logansport, 
Santa Fe, Pipe Creek, Peru and Mexico 

Churches, 30 87 


Mrs. Martha Frantz, Conway Springs, 5 00 


N. D. Groff, New Weston 10 00 


Clara A. Dodd, Perry, $1.20; Mr. and 

Mrs. R. H. Stuart, Guthrie, $5 6 20 


A Sister, Elizabethtown, 5 00 


Helen Hatfield, Wenatchee, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 92 70 

Y. M. C. A. 


F. H. Slater and wife, Sterling, $ 2 00 

5 30 

Total for the month, $ 13 

Total for the month $ 2 00 


E. H. Jones, Sweetnam, $ 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

(Continued from Page 27) 

of hearers and a deep desire to search for 
the truth and way of salvation. 

4. Then for courage to break away from 
old ways and caste ties, that they may start 
the new life. J. I. Kaylor. 

PAIGN, and especially for the last two 
weeks of February, which the Christian 
church throughout India generally observes 
by self-denial, prayer and fasting and 
through the organized forces of the laity, 
millions hear the Gospel for the first time. 
As a matter for praise here are some of the 
results of the efforts our church put forth 
last February: From our nine churches 
there went out forty-six evangelistic groups, 
who visited 291 old villages and 153 new 
ones. They held 671 meetings and spoke to 
nearly 17,000 people. From these efforts 
fifteen are reported baptized, 119 candidates 
for baptism; 3,978 books and Scripture por- 
tions were sold; 29 villages asked for 
schools; 2,770 pamphlets were distributed, 
and 13 Bibles and 51 New Testaments were 
sold. For the campaign next February and 
for the District Meeting at Vyara early in 
March we covet the earnest prayers of 
God's people. 

, fr . t < , \ , > t . $ HfnH H t H fr < t H i H $' 'fr fr 'fr ■$■ ♦ ' fr 't« ■ > » t* fr ♦ fr fr fr 't « * t * ♦ $ " E fr fr * « < ■ <« fr fr ' t " ' t * fr fr *V ' t * ' t * fr fr * i * » fc ' t ' » fr ■ > ' E < ■ * ' ! « ♦ " I " < ■ fr ■> 

1 ! 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Ad- 
visory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
J. J. TODER, McPherson, Kansas. 


OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


H. C. EARLY, President. J. H. B, WILLIAMS, Secretary-Treasurer. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois. 


Friisgratan No. 1, Malmd, Sweden. 

Buckingham, Ida. 

Graybill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 

Ping Tins: Hsien, Shansi, China. 

Blough, Anna V. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Flory, Byron M. 

Flory, Nora. 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Horning, Emma. 

Metzger, Minerva. 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Schaeffer, Mary. 

Vaniman, Ernest D. 

Vaniman, Susie C. 

Wampler, I)r. Fred J. 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China. 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 

Cripe, Winnie E. 

.Flory, Raymond C. 

Flory, Lizzie N. 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 

Pollock, Myrtle. 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Shock, Laura J. 
North China Language 8ch»ol, Peking, 


Bowman, Samuel N. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Clapper. V. Grace. 

Flory, Edna R. 

Soese, Anna. 

<?. Norman R. 

Wampler. Yida M. 

Wampler, Ernest M. 
On Furlough. 

Bright. J. Homer. R. D. 1, Union, Ohio. 

Brie-nt. Minnip F.. T? TV 1. Union. Ohio. 

Hutchison, Anna, 3435 Van Buren St., 
Chicago, 111. 


Ahwa, Dang-s Forest, via Blllmora, India. 

Bl ouch, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 

Anklesva*. Broach Dist., India. 

Grisso, Lillian. 
Hoffert, A. T. 
Mow, Anetta. 
Stover, W. B. 
Stover, Mary E. 
Widdowson, Olive. 
Ziegler, Kathryn. 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India. 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M. 
Ebey, Adam. 
Ebey, Alice K, 
Eby, E, H. 
Eby, Emma H. 
Mohler, Jennie. 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 
Shumaker, Ida C. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India. 

Alley, Howard L. 
Alley, Hattie Z. 
Ebbert, Ella. 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Pittenger, J. M. 
Pittenger, Florence B. 
Royer, B. Mary. 
Swartz, Goldie. 

JalalpoT, Surat Dist., India. 

Emmert, Jesse B. 
Emmert, Gertrude R. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India. 

Garner, H. P. 
Garner, Kathryn B. 
Kaylor, John I. 
Powell, Josephine. 

Post: Uraalla, via Anklesvar, India. 

Arnold, S. Ira. 
Arnold. Elizabeth. 
Himmelsbaugh, Ida. 

Vyara, via Surat, India. 
Long, I. S. 
Long, Effie V. 

On Furlough. 

Eby, Anna M., Trotwood, Ohio. 
Lichty, D. J., Mt. Morris. 111. 
Miller. Sadie J., 3435 Van Buren St. 
Chicago, 111. 

Please notice — 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 
3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

if » » * ' I * » I ' ' i " * l *4f^i^^t^^i^^^H^^ 

A Forward Movement in the Church of the Brethren 







E ■ 







The following Five Year Program, adopted by 
the General Mission Board, General Sunday 
School Board and General Educational Board is a 
ioaf towards which we are striving, beginning 
with January 1, 1919. We earnestly solicit the 
^-operation of every one to make this | program 
b success Whatever your responsibility may 
be in the* chur ch, please work toward this pro- 
posed goal. 

The world is calling today _f or the mes- 
sage of "peace and good will" as never 
before. The times are challenging the 
Church for the " whole Gospel to tlii whole 
world," for the Christ of Caly. y to hz 
made the Savior in every corner of the 
earth. His followers are called upon for 
such heroic action as shall justify their pro- 
fessed faith in Almighty God, their claims 
to the constraint g power of their Lord 
and Elder Brother, and that fearless, trust- 
ful going into all the world that assures 
every one of the constant Abiding Presence. 
The Master NOW commands every be- 
'" liever, in unmistakable tones, ff to launch 
out into the deep," for there is a great 
catch awaiting the successors of the fisher- 
men of Galilee. 

•That this great opportunity may be 
effectually embraced, every member of the 
enurch of the Brethren is called upon to 
deepen his spiritual" life through systematic 
Bible study, the restoration of family wor- 
Sip, and the adoption of intercessory 
player in behalf of the world. 
oFurther, the Sunday School, Educational 
atfd General Mission Boards have launched 
Ofc following program, believing it will 
receive the hearty support of every one 
who loves the Lord and the souls of the 
unsaved. The program is for five years 
(till Jan. 1, 1924), but each statement is 
l^sed on an average annual growth for the 

CT) , General Gpal 

,*? That in the Brotherhood there be AN- 

(1) 15,000 added to the Church of the 
Brethren by baptism. 

(2) 300 aggressive, spiritual young men 
called to the ministry. 

The Sunday School Goal 

2 That in the Sunday-school field there be 

(1) 100 new schools started. 

(2) 15,000 new scholars enrolled and an 
average attendance of not less than 
75% of the enrollment of the main 
school. , 
An earnest, prayerful, consecrated 
effort to lead every unconverted 
scholar to a confession of Christ and 
active church membership. 


(4) $40,000 raised for missions. 

(5) The daily study of the Sunday-school 
lesson from the open Bible in every 

The Christian Workers' Society Goal 
3 That in the Christian Workers' Society 
there be ANNUALLY 

(1) The organization of fifty new Chris- 
tian Workers' Societies. 

(2) A 10% increase in attendance. 

(3) Each Christian Workers' Society to 
do some definite, practical work. 

(4) $5,000 raised for missions and benevo- 
lent work. 

The Educational Goal 
4 That in our church schools there be AN- 

(1) 3,500 students enrolled, ■ at- least 607c 
of whom are pursuing regular College 

(2) $300,000 raised for endowment. 

(3) 907o of our students engaged in some 
form of regular Bible Study. 

(4) 207o of our students looking toward 
a definite life of Christian Service. 

(5) 50%> of our College Graduates dedicat- 
ing their lives to the ministry or mis- 
sion work. 

The Periodical Goal 
5. That our church periodicals increase their 
circulation ANNUALLY at least 20%, 
said increase being illustrated by the 

(1) 5,000 new subscribers for the " Gospel 

(2) 7,500 new subscribers for "Our Young 

(3) 5,000 new subscribers for "The Mis- 
sionary Visitor." 

The Mission Goal 

6. That ANNUALLY there be 

(1) $250,000 given to missions under the 
General Mission Board. 

(2) Fifteen new missionaries' sent to 
foreign fields. 

(3) $200,000 raised for District Missions. 

(4) One new missionary station under 
each District Mission Board. 

(5) Every congregation organized for 

greatest missionary efficiency. 
For fuller information in any department 
address the General S. S Board, general 
Educational Board or General Mission 
Board, 22-24 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

stal employee, and it will be placed in the hands of our soldiers or sailors at the front. No wrapping — no ad- 
•ss. A. S." Burleson, Postmaster General. 

Vol. XXI No. 2 I 

* X * * X * * *X * * X * ' ft * * X* ' frl* " t " > fr " I * * X * * * X* * * * X * * > X * "ft * * fr**** * "t" »fr >:H************** * * * * " ft fr * "ft > ♦< * * ► t" * * * 







The Missionary Visitor 



Contents for February, 1919 


A Chinese Way to Cure an Epidemic, By Nettie M. Senger, 50 

In Memory of Leah Mabel Wright, By a Dear Friend, 52 

In Appreciation of a Friend, By Edna Neher, 53 


♦;♦ The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the Gen- * 

* eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the * 

* dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 

*|* Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. *£ 

+ + + Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for -A- 

*- every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or more, no * 

♦♦♦ matter how large the donation. * 
Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 

Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will J^_ 

be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. j^. 

+|* Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- * 

♦♦♦ scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. *• 
To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 

*f if possible under same name as in the previous year. J^ 

♦j*. Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to * 


■«■ '•»$•■ 

& Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. * 

* Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of * 

* October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. ♦ 

.♦. .A. 



* , T 

* Higher Education, By J. M. Blough, 36 * 

* Industrial Education, By A. W. Ross, 37 J* 

f The Gujarati Field, By I. S. Long, 39 


The Twenty-sixth Foreign Missions Conference of North America, By J£ 

f the Editor, 42 ? 

* Three Hundred Thanksgiving Baskets, 46 * 

* India Notes, By Florence B. Pittenger, 49 * 

* V" 

* China News Notes for October, By Laura Shock, 49 * 


£ In Memory of Anna Huffman, By Edna B. Maphis, , 64 % 


* Our Home Field, Arranged by Ruth Forney 54 *f 

T T 


* A Peep into the Kindergarten, By Ida C. Shumaker, 55 * 

T t 


* * * * * * * * » ft » * ***hH"H******** ******** * * * * * * * * *X* * W4^4M^4MMW> 

Volume XXI 


No. 2 


The Forward Movement Program. Does 
it seem to you that the church is ready for 
such a program? Or that the times justify 
it? Or that the church can reach the goals 

What is the purpose of such a venture, 
do you ask? The answer is obvious. We 
have made great drives for the war, to 
make the " world safe for democracy." Now 
we should drive forward to " make democ- 
racy safe for the world" by Christianizing 
our nation and all others. 

If we have lived when others have died 
for their country, should we not spend our 
lives that all mankind may live eternally 
with Him? 

How false would we be to Christ any- 
how, if we simply " claimed exemption " in 
order that we might live little selfish lives 
for no other purpose than to " join land to 
land" and call them our own? 

The other day we were riding on the train 
and thinking of the Forward Movement. It 
is a frequent mental exercise these days. 
Looking out the car window it was fasci- 
nating to see the ever-changing landscape 
coming into view. Always a different scene 
and ever joy in contemplation of what lay 
over the hill. The most distant horizon 
always approaching. 

We turned and lo, the order reversed. 
An ever-receding landscape, an ever-disap- 
pearing horizon. Contemplation gave way 
to memory. The joy of discevery was lost 
in the pain of disappearance. 

The forward look is the most natural. 
It always has its advantages. We see the 
near side of the hill always. We have op- 
portunity to see both sides if we feel so to 
do. Never can we do so when we are con- 
tinually looking backward. 

In fact we ought to go into this Forward 
Movement Program even more enthusiasti- 
cally than anything we have yet undertaken 
for the kingdom — for conditions demand 
speed, concentration and self-sacrificing 
service as never before. 

We have learned to appreciate living 
through giving; may we likewise learn to 
appreciate eternal ilfe through making it 
possible for others to receive it? 

While we are launching our Forward 
Movement it will be of interest to note 
something of what other churches are do- 
ing. Southern Baptists are seeking to raise 
$3,500,000 for missions this year; also a 
campaign for $15,000,000 for education, to 
be raised in the next five years is being 
launched. In 1914 the Disciples of Christ 
massed their forward movements in a single 
budget and laid plans to raise $6,300,000. 
This has been done. The Centenary World 
Program of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, North, includes a national ten-day 
financial drive, during which time they hope 
to secure pledges for $80,000,000 to be paid 
during the next five years; the Methodist 
Church, South, expects to raise $35,000,000 
during the same period. The Presbyterian 
Church, through its New Era Movement, 
hopes to raise $75,000,000 during the next 
five years. These movements all include 
other than financial points, but we merely 
mention this much to show that there is 
almost a concerted drive on for Christ, to 
continue through the next five years. Other 
churches are doing likewise. 

Pamphlets on the following subjects have 
recently come from the press and will be 
sent to anyone who applies for them: 

The Mission Goal in the Five Year For- 
ward Movement. 

Mission Study Prospectus for 1918-1919. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Manual for Mission Study Classes. 

Other leaflets will soon be issued on the 
various goals of the Forward Movement 
and are available for the asking. 

We hear of one church that has recently 
decided to do its full quota in the Forward 
Movement during the next five years. 
One entire State District has decided to do 
likewise. We hope soon to be able to in- 
form our readers as to what may be their 
full share. 

Some time ago we mentioned through the 
Visitor that we would be glad to assist any 
churches or pastors needing the service of 
each other in any way that we could. Thus 
far we have assisted several pastors to find 
new churches and shall take pleasure in 
continuing to do so as names come in to us. 
We shall be glad to put you in touch with 
each other if you will send in your names. 

As we write these lines a cable message 
comes from Bro. Jesse B. Emmert, dated 
January 20, at Bombay, India, stating that 
they are just sailing by way of the Pacific 
for the homeland. They had thought to 
get off about four weeks earlier, but we pre- 
sume that it was impossible for them to 
secure reservations earlier. 

Dr. Fred J. Wampler and wife and Sister 
Anna Blough expect to sail from Shanghai, 
China, on the Steamship " China," on Feb- 
ruary 9, and are due to arrive in San Fran- 
cisco on March 4. 

The following illustration on prayer, giv- 
en by a splendid speaker at the Foreign 
Missions Conference in words more beauti- 
ful than these, is suggestive indeed. There 
was a great spring and the people came to 
draw water therefrom. Some brought cups, 
some buckets, barrels, and all brought them 
away filled. And yet the supply failed not, 
neither was it diminished. So does the one 
discover who dips into the great fountain 
of God. The more we dip from his eternal 
spring the more exhaustless is the spring 
revealed to be. 

to our many dear friends who have been 
under the hand of affliction through the 
dreadful epidemic that has swept over 
our land. Not only in every part of the 
country have people succumbed, but the 
disease has been unusually deadly also on 
our mission fields. Some of our very best 
native workers in India have been taken 
through death. Such a universal visit of 
the dread reaper should draw the whole 
world closer to God. 

It gives us especial pain to know that 
the scourge of death is lifting its hydra 
head so distressingly on our India field. 
Rains have been scarce and light, thereby 
bringing famine and starvation. At the 
time when millions are dying of starva- 
tion in war-devastated lands, it is even 
more serious *for famine to strike in the 
heathen world. This is a time of all times 
when our missionaries need our prayers 
and sympathy. May God avert such a 

While no call has come to us from our 
India workers for famine funds, and while 
we pray that such may not be required, 
still our India letter bag holds out no as- 
surance at this time. The picture is dark, 
indeed. Our people will not give to this 
unless necessary, but if the unhappy oc- 
casion arises, no cause can touch us like 
the call for food to save starving men. 

What about six men for India for 1919, 
did you ask? We still seek for them. And 
India still pleads for them. As strong as 
we are against militarism, and as fervent 
as we are in behalf of missions, more 
members of the Church of the Brethren 
doubtless have died in service in the last 
twenty months than will risk their lives 
in mission fields in a generation. Let us 
listen to the Father's call. " Pray ye there- 
fore"... for laborers for India. Brother, 
are you one of the six? 

We extend our sympathy in this manner 

There is great diversity in the view- 
points of different people respecting our 
annuity plan. Here are two possible ex- 
amples. Brother A. has a large estate 


The Missionary Visitor 


but no direct heirs. He wants to turn his 
money to the Board, but he bargains as 
though he were selling it to some trader, 
even wishing a larger annuity than the 
money can bear. Brother B. has large 
wealth, and he wishes the Board to have 
the same. He figures on the lowest rate 
of annuity that will support him, desiring 
the Board to use the remainder in its 
work. The .difference between the two 
is that one sees the Board as only human 
beings to bargain with; the other sees the 
Lord's work as the one benefiting by the 


Turn to the financial reports in this Vis- 
itor and note the splendid response of our 
people to the Thanksgiving call for funds. 
Call was made for $25,000, and this sum 
easily would have been reached had it not 
been for the influenza. Surely we are en- 
couraged with the splendid response of our 
dear brethren and sisters. 

what th,e left hand doeth." If there are 
such that wish their gifts to be entered 
without their names appearing we shall 
be glad to make record in the Visitor by 
receipt number only. Such a method of 
reporting gifts is employed by many so- 
cieties, and thus cuts down much space 
that would be used for reporting the same. 

Many brethren and sisters do not desire 
in their gifts to " let the right hand know 

Those attending the Winona Conference 
this spring will be privileged to meet the 
largest number of missionaries on fur- 
lough that have ever been present at the 
same Annual Conference. If all goes well 
there will be the following: From India, 
J. M. Blough and wife, Jesse B. Emmert 
and wife, D. J. Lichty, J. I. Kaylor, Sadie 
J. Miller, Anna Eby and Olive Widdow- 
son; from China, J. Homer Bright and 
wife, Dr. Fred J. Wampler and wife, Anna 
Hutchison and Anna V. Blough; from 
Sweden, J. F. Graybill and wife. Some of 
these will have just reached America, while 
others will be returning to the field soon 
after Conference. 

$150,000 Becker Bicentennial Offering 

at Winona Lake 

At the December meeting of the 
General Mission Board it was felt 
that the Brotherhood is keenly anx- 
ious to manifest its loyalty to the 
Lord's cause in a measure some- 
what commensurate with its finan- 
cial gifts for the war and related 
avenues of mercy and humanity, 
during those trying months of 1917 
and 1918. Also that the church de- 
sires to make this year — the two- 
hundredth of its existence in Amer- 
ica — a special occasion for unex- 
ampled generosity for the kingdom. 

Therefore the financial goal for 
missions, set at $150,000 for the 
Becker Bicentennial Missionary 
Offering at Winona Lake. This 
sum can readily be raised if the 
Brotherhood cooperates to the ex- 
tent that every member within its 
organization is reached with the ap- 
peal and contributes to the offering. 
We pray that the greatest exhibition 
of united purpose in the history of 
the church may thus evidence itself 
in behalf of the Lord's cause, at this 
great Conference. 

xac mcia ctcicK^^ 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mission School at Wangaon 

Higher Education 

J. M. Blough 

THE older and larger missions in India 
have done very much to forward 
higher education among Christians 
and non-Christians through their high 
schools, training schools, colleges and semi- 
naries. By many missionaries this is con- 
sidered a very important and fruitful phase 
of mission work, as this extract from Rev. 
J. P. Jones, of the American Madura Mis- 
sion, shows: "Why is it that the attitude of 
India today is so much more favorable to 
the Christ than it was, to my knowledge, a 
quarter of a century ago? I reply, without 
fear of contradiction, that this, in large de- 
gree, is one of the results of our higher edu- 
cation for Hindus." Of course, no one would 
argue against educating Christians of ability 
beyond the primary school, but the above 
from Rev. Jones is wholly in favor of edu- 
cating non-Christians likewise. And there 
is a host of missionaries who believe the 
same thing, and the number of educational 
missionaries in India is very large, i. e., 
those who teach in high schools and col- 
leges where non-Christians attend in larger 
or smaller number. 

Up to the present our mission has estab- 
lished neither high school nor college. We 
have done comparatively little in higher edu- 
cation, and what we have done has been 
wholly for Christians, but almost wholly in 

institutions not our own, both Christian and 
non-Christian. We have spent much effort 
on primary schools for non-Christians, but 
thus far absolutely none on higher educa- 
tion for non-Christians. What we have done 
in higher education I shall discuss under 
three heads. 

1. Bible Training 

All that we have done in this all-important 
phase of training in a concentrated, sys- 
tematic manner is to graduate one class of 
ten men and four women from a four years' 
course. And yet we have over one hundred 
and fifty workers, but they are untrained. 
A few were trained in other missions be- 
fore coming to us. Just as soon as possible 
we want to have the Bible Teachers' Train- 
ing School open every year, and all our 
workers who are able should complete the 
four years' course, while the others will 
be given some shorter and easier course. 
This is an imperative need. There has been 
a great loss in efficiency because our work- 
ers have not been trained in Bible knowl- 
edge and spiritual experience. And it is 
not their fault. It is ours to remedy as 
speedily as possible. We hope soon to re- 
lease a missionary for this work entirely, 
and also to release the workers in turn to 
receive this training. 


The Missionary Visitor 


2. Training in the Vernacular 

There are both Mission and Government 
Training Schools in the Indian languages 
established for the specific purpose of train- 
ing teachers. India is in need of teachers, 
so these are among the most important 
schools in the country, but sorry to say, they 
are not as popular as they deserve to be, 
for the simple reason that the present pay 
of vernacular teachers is too low to be at- 
tractive to the Indian youth. 

These training schools give three-year 
courses, which are arranged to prepare one 
to teach in any position, from the kinder- 
garten to the principal. The schools are 
good and worthy of patronage, but owing 
to the lack of accommodation the competi- 
tion has been great, hence only the best 
students are able to secure this training. 
However, three of our men and three 
women have completed this course and are 
now filling good positions in the mission. 
To remedy this situation both the Irish 
Presbyterian and Methodist Missions have 
opened training schools for women, and the 
former also for men. This makes it possi- 
ble for us to send more for this valuable 
training. This year we have eight boys and 
five girls in these Gujarati training schools. 

In Marathi the situation is similar. For 
many years the American Marathi Mission 
has conducted a normal school, in which 
hundreds of young men have been trained 
as teachers. This school is of lower stand- 
ard than the regular Government Train- 
ing College, but has supplied the need of 
missions in getting teachers for their pri- 
mary schools. We have one in this school 
this year, and some of our Marathi workers 
were trained in this school before. I wish 
all our workers had this training. 

Last June we opened a normal class at 
Vyara under the direction of Bro. Long, one 
of our trained men being the teacher. There 
are thirteen in this class. They are teachers 

of a lower grade who will never be able to 
take the higher course in the regular train- 
ing schools, and yet who will make good 
teachers for village schools. As our work 
grows in the villages we will have need for 
many of this class, so this is a very impor- 
tant step to secure the kind of teachers that 
are needed. One great need is for teachers 
who know how to teach; hence we aim to 
make it possible for all to get some train- 
ing. These in the normal class also get 
Bible teaching, of which they are very much 
in need. We hope for good results in this 

3. English Education 

There is a great demand for English edu- 
cation, which is most natural, of course, for 
practically all of the good-paying positions 
in government, railway and mission require 
a knowledge of English. Just how much 
money a mission should spend in supplying 
this demand is a question before us all the 
time. There are many mission Anglo-ver- 
nacular, and high schools, also colleges. As 
yet we have none. We have sent our chil- 
dren to others, sometimes mission schools, 
sometimes private or government. Quite a 
number have been sent to English, but many 
dropped out before they completed the high 
school, and only two thus far were admitted 
to college. Of these only one continues, and 
we hope he may finish the college course. 
There are hard examinations all along the 
way, so only the brightest pass on up. Com- 
paratively speaking, English education is 
expensive; so in a country like India it is 
difficult for the poor to secure it unless some 
mission makes it possible. 

Last year we began an experiment by 
giving a period to English in the higher 
classes in the Bulsar Boys' School. If our 
Christians could learn to speak and read 
English understandingly it would be a great 
asset to the community. As yet we cannot 
tell if this plan will be satisfactory. 

Ahwa, Surat District. 

Industrial Education 

A. W. Ross 

IN these modern times there is a wide- 
spread effort to introduce industrial 
education in all countries. As a result 
of the war the need is more apparent, result- 

ing in more general recognition and the 
making of industrial education a part of the 
curriculum of the educational systems. 
In the earlier days there was no question 


The Missionary Visitor 


regarding the boy learning to work, or how 
to plant corn and pumpkins, or to drive a 
nail and saw a board, or to apply the princi- 
ples of electricity and steam. The require- 
ments of the home gave the boys and girls 
practical knowledge and training along the 
lines of their life experience, and the get- 
ting of an education was rather secondary. 

But changes have come in all countries, 
and India has awakened to the fact of new 
ideas and new visions. There is a stir in 
the land for modern industries. The indus- 
trial and political advancement of Japan has 
charmed India. The government of India is 
pressed to give more encouragement to the 
agricultural and industrial development of 
the country. Missionaries, too, have in more 
recent years come to consider that the con- 
ditions among the bulk of those whom we 
reach demand that more attention be paid 
to industrial and agricultural education. 

Some of the advantages to be gained by 
industrial education are as follows: 

It recognizes the industrial instinct in 
the child, the instinct to construct and pro- 
duce things; the creative instinct, which is 
one of the earliest to manifest itself in the 
life of the child. The plays in which it finds 
the greatest delight are embryo industries. 
Give him blocks and sticks and he will build 
houses, bridges, engines, etc. Why should 
not the joy of constructing and producing 
something be carried along into the school 
life, and he there be ennobled by a knowl- 
edge of relations, value of products, and the 
development of a consciousness of duty 
towards contributing to human comfort and 

It tends to higher ideals of morality and 
greater self-respect. Idleness and indolence 
do not tend to good morals. "An idle brain 
is the devil's workshop" is as true today as 
ever. Tea often off time from school is 
spent in absolute idleness and mischief and 
consequent moral laxity. One of the hardest 
tasks of missions, which work among a peo- 
ple who are poor and too often do not appre- 
ciate the advantages of an education, is to 
help and yet not pauperize them. Too often, 
because of lack of competent help, or finan- 
cial embarrassment, or the great need for 
workers at the earliest possible moment, 
necessitating a cramming process of educa- 
tion, the boys and girls have not been kept 
trained in habits of industry and thrift, and 

the moral results have been very disap- 
pointing. Less charity and more hard work 
would result in stronger character and bet- 
ter morals. If idle when in school they 
carry the spirit of idleness into their spirit- 
ual work; then the missionary finds it hard 
to bring about required results, and the 
worker to endure hardship. To produce 
and contribute to the common good de- 
velops confidence and self-respect, and en- 
thusiasm for larger things. 

It trains the pupil to take a larger part 
in the public interests of the masses of the 
people. Many a man in public life fires wide 
of the mark of public welfare, because he 
lacks personal experience and consequent 
sympathy with the interests of the people. 
Industrial education, along with other train- 
ing, will give wider range and more capable 

It gives greater ability to satisfy the wants 
of higher ideals and wider outlook on life, 
resulting from an education. Booker T. 
Washington said: "The education that 
brings to a backward people the wants and 
ideals of a higher and more complex civili- 
zation, must somehow or other give them 
also the courage, the moral force, and mate- 
rial means to pursue them." 

It induces respect for manual dexterity 
and for inventive, practical resources, thus 
correcting a bias towards excessive admira- 
tion for the power to use words and to ac- 
quire merely literary attainment. In India, 
that the educated should not work with 
their hands, and that labor is undignified, 
is the common idea. 

It imparts interest and variety to the 
course of instruction, and correlates the 
regular school work to life activities. The 
boy will get a new impulse for more dili- 
gence in arithmetic when, in working out 
the measurement in the shop, he finds that 
he is not equal to the task. 

It develops the physical body and helps 
to keep it strong and healthy, less liable to 
sluggish habits, ready to face the duties of 
life, no matter how hard they may be. The 
physically "soft" find it hard pulling on, 
and soon wake up to the fact that lounging 
on their beds does not bring strong bodies, 
nor food to feed them. 

Ic gives the pupil experience with tools, 
a knowledge of principles of construction, 
and places him in the skilled classes of labor, 


The Missionary Visitor 


able to learn more, of larger productive abil- 
ity. He is better respected and more useful 
as a citizen. It gives him a trade to fall 
back on in case of misfortune in his literary 
or mental pursuits. 

Along with industrial education, as com- 
monly understood, should be agriculture 
and allied subjects. The bulk of our boys are 
from the farming classes, and the majority 
will go back to their villages. Knowledge 
of the simple elements of plant life, easy and 
attractive demonstrations of plant con- 
struction and life, together with practical 
work in the fields and garden, are to be em- 

For the girls, their effort should be along 
the lines of home making, fitting them to 
make better, more tidy, more sanitary, bet- 
ter regulated homes than are commonly 
found. Now and then we find girls who have 

come out from institutions and did not learn 
to cook, sew or do the ordinary housework 
of the Indian home. This is a great mistake, 
and should not be tolerated in any institu- 

As a mission our opportunity for reaching 
the village classes is large. They are un- 
learned, untrained, unskilled, with low pro- 
ductive ability, almost without religion, and 
in a great many cases almost without an 
earthly home, to say nothing about their 
lack of knowledge of the possibilities of a 
heavenly home. In our endeavor and en- 
thusiasm to bring them to a saving knowl- 
edge of the Savior we must not overlook 
the fact that they will have to meet the re- 
sponsibilities of their earthly life. To make 
them more able for this and better Chris- 
tians we must give them industrial and agri- 
cultural training. 

The Gujarati Field 

I. S. Long 









to 15 Yrs. 


5 to 15 Yrs 


Raj Pipla 










Anklesvar « 











r Jalalpor 










Jalalpor - 













. 6,611 







* 46,549 













Vyara 4 













A FEW of the above figures are ap- 
proximate. These represent the to- 
tals for our Gujarati field. Let us 
grant that the upper-caste populations are 
not for the present easily reachable. The 
backward classes " are ours." It is not a 
case of hope, for they are already in the 
church and others will come as rapidly as 
we can properly instruct them. 

In the most favored counties about half 
the children of school-going age are in the 
government schools. Among the backward 
classes, statistics show that only one in 




twenty-two attend school. These classes 
have few leaders whom we might influence. 
They are not closely organized, and they 
have but little appreciation of the value of 
education, and but little desire, comparative- 
ly speaking, for improvement. To create 
proper desires along all right lines of de- 
velopment is the immediate work of the 
mission. Judging the future by the past, we 
safely conclude that government cannot and 
will not educate these masses. In the mercy 
of God our lot is cast among them, 507,000 
of them, 101,000 of whom are children who 


The Missionary Visitor 


Contrast in Women. A Christian and a Non-Christian 

ought to be in school. Ninety-five* thou- 
sand of these children are growing up in 
the jungle, in blank darkness, with no 
knowledge of true life or of their Creator. 
In all seriousness I ask, " What shall we 
do for them?" 

In the early years of our work we opened 
schools among peoples who were easily in- 
fluenced by the Brahmans against our re- 
ligion and work. The result was that prac- 
tically all of those schools had to be closed. 
We worked hard and faithfully, but failed. 
Nevertheless, we learned a valuable lesson. 
Paul turned from the persecuting Jews to 
the Gentiles and met with a splendid recep- 
tion. We also have turned to the classes 
who receive us gladly. 

A practical example of the receptivity of 
the people, and of what an earnest teacher 
may accomplish, is herewith given. Two 
years ago a non-Christian teacher asked us 
for a school in his village. He was put in 
charge and soon had about twenty-five 
small children in his school. Four months 
later he became a Christian. A year later 
about ten other men and women gave their 
hearts to Christ, and although at the time 
of testing the applicants for baptism all 
others present were refused, at the time of 
baptism six of his schoolboys waded into 
the river and told the preacher to baptize 
them. And they were baptized, too. At 
least fifty others were refused baptism, al- 
though they thought themselves ready. 
That was a good day, and there was joy in 

that village. It is merely a case of the 
right teachers, earnest consecrated teachers, 
instructing and shepherding the flock. The 
multitudes, too, may more easily be brought 
to accept Christ than show willingness to 
continue afterwards in the "apostles' doc- 
trine and fellowship . . . and in prayer." 
Here is a subject for intercessory prayer. 
To all intents and purposes the conditions 
at Anklesvar and Raj Pipla State, among the 
Bhils, a«re very similar to the Vyara condi- 
tion shown in the above paragraph. And 
the backward classes about Bulsar and Jal- 
alpor, while a little more strict and rigid, 
are slowly but surely turning to the Chris- 
tian religion as the only hope of salvation 
either for this world or the world to come. 
Oh, for men of vision this all spells OP- 
PORTUNITY, and opportunity means RE- 
SPONSIBILITY, no doubt. 

The Children 

Children are far more easily won, and 
make more speed in the Christian life, than 
the grown-ups; hence your Sunday-schools. 
In our mission work a school means both a 
day-school and a Sunday-school, and our 
Sunday-school children give examinations 
on six months of the lessons every year. An 
evangelistic force of the first magnitude, a 
school is, therefore! 

With teachers of inferior grade, as a rule, 
we are running about fifty schools, touching 
only the fringe of the garment. We have 
about three hundred children in boarding 


The Missionary Visitor 


schools, where they get the best instruction 
we can give, preparatory to life work. The 
most clever and worthy of these go on for 
training in the Gujarati Training College, 
and to our Bible School, and a few go in for 
high school or college work, in English. As 
a mission we shall undertake far greater 
things if your prayers and support make 
it possible. 

The Needs 

1. Village schools and houses — the school- 
house costing about $60 and the school 
yearly costing about $60. Shall we have 
$100 or $1,000? 

2. We need about four plants for board- 
ing houses and school purposes, costing 
each $10,000, and less for several smaller 
boarding school plants. We ought to have 
1,000 children preparing for life's work in 
the best boarding schools we can furnish. 
Many of these would prepare to be teachers, 
preachers, Bible women, hence 

3. A $3,000 building for training school in 
methods. Hitherto we have with great dif- 
ficulty gotten our boys and girls admitted 
into the government training colleges. 

4. Fifteen thousand dollars for initial out- 
lay for high school buildings. Our work is 
in the vernacular; hence, hitherto we have 
put emphasis on Gujarati training, and mean 
to continue to do so. But, seeing there is 
a great clamor for English among our peo- 
ple, the time is near at hand when we ought 
to have at least one good high school in 
the mission. 

A Literate Church 

At present from 20 per cent to 80 per cent 
of the Christians at the several stations, de- 
pending mainly on the proportion of village 
people won, are literate. That is, the higher 
per cent represents mostly our teachers and 
their children. Where the mass movements 
are on in this great peninsula, 95 per cent or 
more are illiterate, and the average for In- 
dian Christians is said to be 85 per cent il- 
literate. We are praying and hoping for 
the time, and expecting, too, when the 
masses about us will clamor for admission 
into the church of Christ. Only an intelli- 
gent church will attract and win. Shall we 
not make it so? The India mission chal- 
lenges the home church to raise as a bicen- 
tennial offering to the Lord of the harvest a 
large educational foundation for the promo- 
tion of education in the mission fields of 
the church. "The will of the Lord be 

# S 

Do They Have Spring Fever in Japan? 

A Japanese student thus accounts for his 
absence from school: "Honored Sir: Hav- 
ing been amputated from my family for sev- 
eral months, and as I have complaints of 
the abdomen, coupled with conflagrations of 
the internals, with entire prostration from 
all desire to work, I beg to be excused from 
orderly work for ten or nine more days, and 
in duty bound I will always pray for the 
salubrity of your temper and the enlarge- 
ment of your family." — World Outlook. 

Mission School at Matgaon Three Months After It Was Started 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Twenty-Sixth Foreign Missions Conference of 

North America 

The Editor 

DURING the period from January 
14 to 17, 1919, the Foreign Mis- 
sions Conference of North Amer- 
ica held its 26th Annual Convention at 
New Haven, Conn., and in company with 
Brethren Otho Winger and D. J. Lichty, 
it was the Visitor editor's privilege to at- 
tend, as a representative of our own Board. 

Here were gathered for three days a 
company of more than three hundred peo- 
ple, officially representing fifty-four Mis- 
sion Boards of our own country and Can- 
ada. The purpose of this gathering from 
year to year is to discuss matters of mu- 
tual interest in problems of Missionary 
Administration; to consider questions of 
kindred nature that arise on the fields and 
in the homeland — questions of comity, fi- 
nance, the securing of missionaries; ques- 
tions of methods of approach and contact 
with heathen peoples; questions of the prep- 
aration of missionaries for their life work; 
medical examinations — in fact, any ques- 
tions which, because of their general char- 
acter, project themselves into the attention 
of all Boards to more or less degree. 

In addition to this, the inspirational dis- 
cussions were arranged in such a manner 
as to afford those in attendance something 
of a vision of the victories, the labors, and 
the needs of missionary conquest in various 
parts of the heathen world. It is at once 
clear that such a Conference, whose per- 
sonnel is drawn from all of the largest 
Boards of our land and Canada, and many 
from smaller organizations, would include 
many of the most able missionary states- 
men of the world, and many of the best 
known missionaries now laboring in for- 
eign fields. 

The program this year with its general 
theme relating to Christianity and the New 
Internationalism, or the relation which 
Christianity must sustain to the new world 

iid it ions caused by the World War, was 
very strong and especially timely. Indeed, 
ihat is one of the hopeful aspects of Chris- 
tianity. It is sufficiently divine to be adapt- 

able to any situation and every human need 
that may arise. 

To us Westerners the meeting place itself 
held peculiar interest. Diagonally across 
the street, Yale University, founded in 1701, 
is represented by one of its largest build- 
ings. Across the street is the New Haven 
Green with its three severe looking churches 
facing toward the sea, with spires mount- 
ing heavenward, standing like guardians 
for the sacred purposes which inspired the 
early founders of this great institution. On 
the green the pioneer fathers of New Hav- 
en, in 1638, first worshiped. Here was the 
early burying ground of these stalwart 
men, as is attested by a few of the early 
gravestones, dating back at least to 1688, 
sacredly guarded in an enclosure, the dust 
of those who sleep beneath them having 
long since mingled with Mother Earth. 

With such a purpose, such speakers, such 
a program, and in this environment, it is no 
wonder that the meeting proved such an 
inspiration to those in attendance. 

The opening session was held on Tues- 
day evening. At this time a proposed 
united campaign for missions, embracing the 
efforts of all denominations in a mighty 
forward surge, was presented, discussed, 
and unitedly supported, the details, of 
course, to be acted upon by each separate 
Board individually. This does not mean an 
undenominational effort, nor an effort in 
which all lose their identity, but a forward 
missionary movement with a similar pro- 
gram, each denomination working through 
its own channels, for its own ends, an.d 
after the attainments of its own highest 
Christian ideals. Dr. S. Earl Taylor, editor 
of World Outlook, presented this re- 
port. Dr. Charles Watson of Philadelphia 
presented a paper dealing with the Gains, 
Losses, and Handicaps of Foreign Mis- 
sions, occasioned by the war. We could 
have surely thought that this speaker was 
talking of our own problems, so completely 
did it cover what we have experienced in 
the last four years. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Wednesday forenoon the programs han- 
dled by five very able men, had to do with 
the Basis and Ideals of the New Interna- 
tionalism. Tfyis session, addressed by 
President Faunce of Providence, R. I., Dr. 
Haven of the New York Bible Society, and 
others, enabled us to understand something 
of the value and necessity of Christian 
ideals applied to the needs of men. Among 
the discussions of the afternoon was a sur- 
vey of German Missions and their present 
position, given by Rev. St. John, of New 
York. It was brought out that the war has 
taken approximately two thousand Protes- 
tant missionaries from the field, leaving 
some seven hundred thousand Christians 
shepherdless, excepting so far as mission- 
aries from other lands can care for them. 
This problem, thrust upon Missionary So- 
cieties already overtaxed, and upon mis- 
sionary forces far teo inadequate for even 
pre-war needs, is not one of the least of 
crying missionary problems. 

Evangelistic, Educational and Medical 
Missions were considered on Wednesday 
evening in the light of what they contribute 
to the New Internationalism. Clearly were 
we brought to see the influence which these 
agencies bring to bear upon the mission 
problem in healing the physical, mental, 
and spiritual sores of the heathen world. 

Recognition of the helpfulness of wom- 
en was evidenced by the fact that the en- 
tire forenoon of Thursday was given to dis- 
cussions by able representatives of various 
Women's Missionary Boards. We scarce- 
ly knew there were so many of these until 
we saw the numbers of their representa- 
tives, and heard the keen, incisive addresses 
of these women, sympathetic to the needs 
of our heathen sisters. We were led to 
wonder whether our church gives proper 
recognition to the work of our devoted 
women, and whether she reaps their best, 
with the little voice they receive in mission- 
ary affairs. 

That the mission lands need a Chris- 
tian literature to supplement the work of 
missionary workers was strongly empha- 
sized. Books of moral teaching, clean sto- 
ries for children, that wealth of splendid 
literature so plentiful in America, is all but 
lacking in most heathen tongues. Here 

alone is a field for, and worthy of, an army 
of translators and authors. Who can es- 
timate the influence of good books? 

The conference reached a climax on 
Thursday evening in the addresses of Dr. 
S. M. Zwemer on the Mohammedan World, 
and of Dr. Robert E. Speer, on the ques- 
tion as to whether, in view of the New 
Internationalism, a restatement of the 
Christian Message to Non-Christian Lands 
is necessary. 

Dr. Zwemer characterized the Moslem 
world as a great house with doors off their 
hinges and windows wide open. His mas- 
terly review of the present Moslem situa- 
tion shows the opportunity ripe for mission 
work. The only limits to what might be 
done are the limits set by a listless, indif- 
ferent Christianity, deaf to the appeals of 
His children, insensible to the " still small 

We hope to reprint Dr. Speer's masterful 
address some time in the Missionary Visi- 
tor, an address to which any words of our 
own would do injustice. We can only ex- 
press the wish that every member of our 
church might have heard him. 

Dr. Browning of Uruguay, South Amer- 
ica, told us something of the wonderful op- 
portunities now opened in all the lands of 
South America hitherto all but closed by a 
corrupt Catholicism. He showed us that 
the position of America was never so 
favorable in that continent as now. 

The business sessions on Friday — a won- 
derful address by Dr. S. J. Corey on '* Ade- 
quate Supply of Properly Trained Work- 
ers," and a rapid survey of the " New Op- 
portunities for Service Created by the 
War," in France, the Balkans, Turkey, Aus- 
tro-Hungary, Italy, and lastly, by a master- 
ly review of Russia by Dr. John R. Mott, 
completed the program which closed 
promptly at 4:30 P. M. 

Thus ended this Mountain Top, Upper 
Room experience. 

We have reported this program at some 
length, but in feeble language. Our apology 
for length is simply because we desired our 
readers to understand something of the 
character of the program. Attendance at 
such a conference is a privilege not with- 
out its responsibility. How to transfuse 


The Missionary Visitor 


this inspiration into the veins of our own 
Brotherhood; how to make operative in our 
own church the deepest spiritual principles 
revealed in this conference; how to relate 
our loyal, whole-hearted service to this old 
needy, sin-sick world in a way that will 
supplement and reinforce all other Chris- 
tian activities, and in turn be supplemented 
and reinforced by others; how to help and 
be helped— all these questions so vital and 
so beneficial, are worthy of answer only 
by the wisest effort through much prayer. 

To summarize the impressions gained 
from the conference, we can only mention 
a few of varying character. The leaders 
were men of deep piety. A spirit of in- 
tense devotion characterized every session. 
Thirty minutes at the close of most of the 
sessions were designated as periods of de- 
votion and led by men eminently fitted for 
this spiritual feast. Some of the grandest 
men of the missionary world thus shed a 
holy influence. 

No time was given to technical discus- 
sions. The program required not a substi- 
tute speaker. They were big enough to 
quit when their allotted time was spent. 
The inspirational conference of three days 
had a common moderator, a lesson yet to 
be learned by many of us. The songs were 
such as men of spiritual war would natural- 
ly sing. The Lord's prayer repeated in 
concert was used almost at every session. 
Evangelical mystical Christianity was em- 
phasized and the agency of the Holy Spirit 
given recognition. 

The writer confesses anew the increasing 
regret that he has for our present church 
name. No one knew who we were when 
told that we were members of the Church 
of the Brethren. In every instance when 
we qualified it by saying " Dunker " Breth- 
ren, folks knew us instantly. We are the 
only denomination now existent of which 
the writer is acquainted that has studiously 
tried to dispense with a name by which it 
was known for two hundred years, with all 
the good will and fond traditions which 
cling thereto in the minds of neighbor folk. 

We found, too, that missionary coopera- 
tion does not, and is not, in the minds of 
leaders intended to undenominationalize the 
work of Mission Boards, but rather to re- 

inforce the efforts of all Boards, through 
the combined experiences, discoveries, and 
victories of other like organizations and di- 
visions in the great army of God. 

The Field is the World, the tasks of all 
are related, for they all concern this field. 
The problems seem insurmountable and im- 
possible, but as Dr. Mott expressed it, 
" God can do the impossible and only does 
the impossible things." As He has opened 
the doors, so may we enter, unitedly, con- 
fidently, immediately. Victory is with the 
children of God. 


The Periodical Goal set for the year 1919 
is as follows: 

5,000 new Gospel Messenger subscrip- 

5,000 new Missionary Visitor subscrip- 

7,500 new Our Young People subscrip- 

In order that each congregation may 
easily determine its share in this part of 
the Forward Movement program the fol- 
lowing general rule may be used: 

Secure two new Gospel Messenger sub- 
scriptions, two new Missionary Visitor sub- 
scriptions and three new Our Young Peo- 
ple subscriptions for each group of forty 
members or fraction thereof. Of course, 
these subscriptions must be over and above 
what is necessary to make up for losses 
due to the death of subscribers or other 

Will your congregation do its share to- 
ward reaching the Periodical Goal set for 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

You've a right to your deep, high look, my 
You have met God in the ways; 
And no man looks into his face 

But he feels it all his days. 
You've a right to your deep, high look, my 
And we thank him for his grace. 

John Oxenham. 

" I follow, though the brambles tear, 
And though the mountain track is rough, 

Why should I moan a cross to bear? 
Christ went this way. It is enough." 

February The Missionary Visitor 45 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ M i 

Wouldn't the eyes of Bro. Peter 
Becker twinkle if he were here and 
could see what the church is doing 

in the land to which he blazed the path! 

Forty-seven organized State Districts in America, with nearly 100,- 
000 members. 

One thousand organized churches and missions. 

Thirty-one hundred ministers, defenders of the Cross. 

More than 120,000 Sunday-school scholars. 

A publishing industry distributing millions of pages of reading 
matter and thousands of books annually. 

Hundreds of thousands of dollars spent annually in the homeland 
for mission work. 

Ten colleges, with equipment, buildings, endowment and vision. 

Missions in India, China and Scandinavia, manned by more than 
eighty missionaries, and with a native membership of more than 2,000. 

Endowment funds for missions of more than $1,200,000, with a 
growing interest in the affairs of the kingdom — Missions, Peace, Tem- 
perance, Simplicity, Purity, the Word of God. 

And to See the Church Inaugurating a 
Five- Year Forward Movement Program 

with Evangelistic, Periodical, Educational, Sunday-school, Christian 
Worker and Missionary goals set, prophetic of a growing faith and 
indicative of the healthy spirit of the church. 

And to See the Church Planning to Raise $150,000 as a Conference 
Offering, commemorating the time when Bro. Becker sailed up the 
Delaware on that day in 1719, in the old passenger boat and dropped 
anchor at the bustling little village of Philadelphia. 

Watch Those Eyes Twinkle ! 

5Y Forward Move- <M CA ftftft for Missions, Wi- 

" X ear ment Program *P_L*3UjUUU nona Conference Offering 


+ + + MMM + MMMMMMM ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦!♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ + 


The Missionary Visitor 


f * ■-'■ 

Ready for the Homes 

Three Hundred Thanksgiving Baskets 

A Report of Practical Work in Chicago 

JESUS suggested how we might use our 
dinner table to serve Him and bring 
Heaven's blessing, by inviting those 
who would be benefited spiritually as well 
as physically, and from whom a return of 
the favor could not be expected. Obedience 
to this teaching was recently manifested by 
the many boxes and barrels of chickens, 
noodles, cookies, apples, potatoes, vegeta- 
bles, flour, canned goods, etc., that were un- 
loaded at our missions Thanksgiving week. 
In this very practical manner a number of 
our good people made use of their oppor- 

Bedding and clothing were also received 
and will be used, in His name, to help the 
needy ones. The letters from many in- 
dividuals, Sunday-schools and churches con- 
tained money, all of which expressed the 
generosity of these who gave. Only a por- 
tion of this money was used for Thanks- 
giving, but many destitute cases have al- 
ready come to our attention, and the needs 
increase during the winter. As far as our 
limited fund permits we will care for these 
physical conditions, because it is by this 
means only that a message of God's love 
gains entrance to some hearts. 

Our faith led us to do much praying, 

planning and organizing. On Tuesday our 
hopes began to be realized when one ex- 
press truck after another piled its share of 
boxes, barrels and bags at the curb in front 
of the Douglas Park and Hastings Street 
Missions. A zest of enthusiasm and a thrill 
of joy stirred the students and our local 
young people as they took out and un- 
wrapped the variety of appetizing contents. 
Everything was carefully recorded and 
properly credited to the donors. 

Next came the sacking and wrapping of 
the various provisions which were then ar- 
ranged conveniently for the basket fillers. 

Other years we had served a large dinner 
at the Hastings Street Mission, and also 
one at Douglas Park. Last year at Hast- 
ings Street this meant the preparation, cook- 
ing and serving of dinner to over eight hun- 
dred people; and that with only very inad- 
equate equipment. This year, because of 
the influenza epidemic, as well as for other 
good reasons, we decided that it would be 
best to take basket dinners to the homes. 
A committee had prepared a list of the 
needy homes, which we felt under obligation 
to help. 

Now began the filling of the baskets, by 
one group of helpers. Dozens were soon 


The Missionary Visitor 


well filled and each was tagged for its re- 
spective home. From 5 to 10 P. M. a con- 
slant stream of baskets went forth into the 
homes about these two missions. More than 
one hundred shared in this labor of love, 
which served to bring them into closer and 
more sympathetic touch with hundreds 
whose bodily needs faintly typify their 
spiritual dearth. Our local young people 
served as very efficient guides to the basket 
brigades, in finding the different streets and 
numbers and the dark gangways, stairways, 

One address led down a dark stairway 
and through a gangway into quarters that 
sunshine never reaches. Tears filled the poor 
widow's eyes as she and her three children 
eagerly surveyed the contents of the basket, 
and they insisted on kissing the hands of 
those who carried your gift to them. On 
another street four or five flights of stairs 
led to small attic quarters with meager 
furnishings, but clean. Oh, the joy that 
spread over the faces of these little, bright, 
fatherless girls, as they began taking the 
things from their basket! The mother's 
face, too, showed much more gratitude than 
her few broken English words could tell. 
In a little old frame house, back on a very 
ill-kept alley, live a Lithuanian widow and 
her five children, the youngest five weeks. 
The little space outside and inside the house 
was strung full of wet clothes and she was 

bending over the washtub in her little kitch- 
en, at a late evening hour. This was her 
method of earning something to help supply 
the many wants of that little brood of hers. 
The thin, pale faces of these children proved 
their need of a nourishing Thanksgiving 
dinner. One old grandmother was found 
caring for six little grandchildren. Another 
woman with four children was just recover- 
ing from the " flu," and she said they had 
just been wondering what they were going 
to eat on Thanksgiving. A mother and her 
five children were eating their supper when 
the basket was delivered. Each had a plate 
of boiled potatoes and sauerkraut. The only 
other edible thing in sight was a little dish 
of salt in the center of the table. 

About forty widows with their children 
were in this way helped and made happy. 
Some go out during the day to do cleaning 
and scrubbing, leaving their small children 
at home; others do such work at night. In 
ten or more homes the husband was either 
very sick in the home or in the hospital. In 
a few cases the husbands were in jail or had 
deserted their family. The above will per- 
haps acquaint you a bit with some of your 
guests. Much more might be written but, 
if those of you who made all of this possible, 
could have shared in the experience, your 
souls would have been stirred with a new 
appreciation of the importance and the 
value of the part you had in it. 

Preparing the Baskets 


The Missionary Visitor 


More than three hundred families were 
reached. This meant no fewer than fifteen 
hundred people. Some were profoundly im- 
pressed with this demonstration of God's 
love reigning in the hearts of His children. 
It was the biggest sermon that had reached 
their heart in many a day, and love is about 
the only avenue through which the great 

masses of non-churchgoers can be reached. 
In some homes opportunity was afforded for 
a short service of song and prayer. Directly 
and indirectly, through this occasion, good 
seed has been sown, the fruitage of which 
eternity alone will reveal. 

Practical Work Committee, 

Bethany Bible School. 

Nora Arnold Lichty 


Nora Susannah Arnold was born January 17, 1880, in Piatt County, 
Illinois, and died December 12, 1918, at Mt. Morris, Illinois. 

. During early childhood she attended school at Lintner, Illinois; for a 
time she engaged in Bible Study at Manchester College and completed 
the Bible Course at Mt. Morris College. 

Always of a devout, spiritual mind, she gave her heart to the Lord at 
the age of twelve years. She was an active Sunday-school teacher in 
her early years, was engaged for a short time in City Mission work in 
Chicago in 1899, and went out to India in 1903. 

In 1904 she was married to Bro. D. J. Lichty and with him, through 
fourteen years of most happy married life, gave herself without reserve, 
to the missionary work which she so much loved. She lives in the lives 
of the many in India who came under "her blessed influence. 

She and her husband were at home on furlough and were attending 
Mt. Morris College. At this place she contracted the influenza from 
which she was ill but a few days. Among her last expressed wishes was 
that her dear husband might return to India to give his life for the 
cause which lay so near to their hearts. 

She is happy in Jesus; her work goes on in the land beyond. 

A loving wife, a faithful friend, a loyal missionary, a child of God. 


The Missionary Visitor 


India Notes 

Florence B. Pittenger 

DURING these last days of Septem- 
ber we are having great heat, such 
as taxes one's energies. The rain- 
fall has been very much below the normal 
amount all over western and central India. 
Already famine conditions prevail in some 
sections, and many more are on the very 
verge of famine. This, coming on top of 
war prices, makes a most serious condition. 
Daily prices are soaring. Rich dealers put 
up prices at their own will, simply to lay up 
wealth for their greedy selves. All over this 
vast section Christian people are praying for 
rain. Should the loving Father send imme- 
diate rain the situation would be helped, as 
later crops could be put out. Otherwise, the 
suffering among millions will be dreadful 
beyond description. Already hunger is driv- 
ing people to theft and rioting. Grain is 
taken from running freight trains. 

We are glad to report that during this 
month some have been added to the church. 
At Vyara twenty from one village were bap- 
tized. Twelve were baptized at Anklesvar, 
and one at Dahanu. 


The Representative Council of Missions 
of Bombay Presidency met in Bombay Sept. 
10 and 11. This council consists of repre- 
sentatives from all the missions of this 
presidency v/ho care to enter into the work 
and responsibilities of the council. It has 
come into existence through the work 
sought to be done by the Continuation Com- 
mittee of the Edinburgh Missionary Confer- 
ence of 1910. There is a similar council in 
each of the larger political divisions of 

India. There is also a general council for 
India, made up of members chosen from 
these provincial councils. These provincial 
councils consider all questions which bear 
upon the evangelistic, educational and other 
phases of missionary activity. Through the 
guidance and help given by these councils 
the work of the various missions represent- 
ed is greatly simplified. Unity of purpose 
in carrying on the Lord's work is greatly 
augmented by the efforts of these councils. 
Brethren Stover and Pittenger represented 
our mission at the last council. 
During the last week the mission schools 
here at Dahanu have been examined by the 
government inspector of education. We 
have not gotten his report as yet. 

Plans are being laid for a week of spirit- 
ual meetings preparatory to the writer's 
campaign of special evangelism. All work- 
ers, foreign and native, hope to gather at 
Bulsar for these meetings. It is our hope 
and prayer that all may be spiritually built 
up, and that blessings may flow to the un- 

We are glad to report that at present the 
health among our missionaries is fair. It 
is with thanksgiving that we can say Bro. 
Pittenger's health has much improved late- 
ly. We still ask an interest in your prayers. 
You will especially remember the work and 
your workers during these trying times. 
Famine conditions bring many added anx- 
ieties and responsibilities. 

Dahanu, Sept. 24. 

China News Notes for October 

Laura Shock 

rived at the home of his parents 
Sunday, Oct. 13, and expects to stay. 
The mission family, including his parents 
and brother and sister, consider him a valu- 
able addition to the Ping Ting Station, and 
give him a hearty welcome. 

An epidemic of influenza has been play- 
ing havoc during the month, hampering to 
some extent certain phases of our work. 
The girls' school at Ping Ting for several 
days presented more of a hospital aspect 
than that of a school. At Liao a large ma- 
jority of the workers were afflicted, as well 


The Missionary Visitor 


as a large percentage of the townspeople. 
In their desperation the townspeople held a 
three days' festival in honor of the dragon 
king, hoping in this way to appease the 
wrath of the evil spirit which caused the 
epidemic. Pray for them, that their hearts 
may be opened to the doctrine of the One 
Who alone can help in times of trouble. 

On Sunday, Oct. 13, the Ping Ting Station 
was greatly favored by the presence of Mr. 
Chao, military adviser of the governor of 
Shansi. While on a journey from Peking 
he stopped with us and gave a most helpful 
discourse in the Ping Ting church to an 
audience of six or seven hundred people. 
Mr. Chao is a member of the Shansi Y. M. 
C. A. board, and is very active in religious 
work, his chief aim being to see China won 
for Christ. He spoke for two hours to an 
eager audience, and the people would glad- 
ly have listened longer. In the evening he 
again gave a helpful talk to the schoolboys 
in the Y. M. C. A. China is very greatly 
in need of more influential leaders of this 
type, who are fearless to speak forth their 
convictions and light the way for their fel- 
low-men who are groping in darkness. 

This month closes the two months' wom- 
en's station classes at Ping Ting. From 
fifteen to twenty have been in attendance. 
About half of these live with us and receive 
constant training. The others live near and 
come in for classes. Their children are 
cared for in the kindergarten. Each term 
shows an improvement in the religious life. 
Regularly each Sunday afternoon they go 
out in groups to tell the gospel story in the 
city homes. Many of them do sewing to 
keep themselves in school, working late in 
the evenings. 

Ten reflectorscope meetings have been 
held this month in various parts of the city 
and in several villages, with audiences aver- 
aging from fifty to two hundred men, wom- 
en and children. A number of Bible sto- 
ries are told as the pictures are shown. Pic- 
tures on hygiene also are displayed, while 
the people are taught how to care for their 
bodies, together with the evils of foot-bind- 
ing, opium and cigarettes. 

The first division of the women's classes 

was held at Liao for three weeks during the 
past month. There were six regular attend- 
ants and six who came somewhat irregu- 
larly. All seemed hungering and thirsting 
for a knowledge of their God and Savior. 
Some results of their efforts to gain fuller 
knowledge have already been manifested as 
they proclaimed the truth to their neigh- 
bors in our Sunday afternoon meetings. 

A Chinese Way to Cure an 


Nettie M. Senger 

SEVERAL weeks ago an epidemic en- 
tered Liao Chou, and it swept over the 
city like wildfire, taking down Chinese 
as well as the missionary body. During 
the first week there seemed to be no real 
excitement about it, but the second week 
a number died and the people began to cast 
about for- something to do. In searching 
for the cause they conclude that it is because 
there are devils in Liao Chou, and that if 
they are driven out the people will recover. 
So, for several days, they have been busy 
driving devils out of the city. They take 
the dragon god from the temple just north 
of" our court, and with great noise, shouts 
and beating of drums, they go from home 
to home, hoping that the dragon through 
the noise can rid the city of these devils. 
The city streets are decorated with paper 
preparations, also to aid this campaign. 

When I hear the noise all about me and 
realize that a loving Heavenly Father waits 
to cure not only body but soul, it makes 
my heart ache. Jesus also wants the devils 
out of Liao Chou, but we must go beyond 
human strength to succeed in such a cam- 
paign. These who indulge in empty cere- 
mony are precious ones for whom Christ 
died. They need our love. Seeing such 
things as these are real hardships to the 
missionary. Pray with me for this part of 
God's family who need the Light. 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China. 

" ' Rags ' the Arabs call our black parish- 
ioners," remarks Dan Crawford, the Afri- 
can missionary, " forgetful of the fact that 
rags make the whitest paper: so what man 
can do in the paper line surely God can 
surpass in souls." 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Decisive Hour for Missions 

Stover Kulp 

Today if ye will hear His voice, harden not your heart" (Psa. 95: 7, 8). 
"Behold, I have set before thee an open door" (Rev. 3: 8) 

SCRIPTURAL and worldly wisdom tell 
us that there are certain epochs in the 
affairs of men and of nations, of indi- 
viduals and of churches, that are their 
times of crisis. It may be a critical time, so 
far as their own development and influence 
are concerned, or it may be a critical time 
for some great movement which they ought 
to foster and promote. This particular time 
is a crisis in the history of our church and 
of the cause of missions in the church. Our 
General Mission Board has been composed 
of men of enough vision to see that this 
is true. But if we expect them to guide us 
through to progress, they must be given 
the unstinted support of the church and of 
the Volunteers. 

There are several reasons why this is "A 
Decisive Hour for Missions " for the 
Church of the Brethren: 

1. The fields are now open to missionary 
endeavor, and we should be one with the 
other churches to go forward and occupy 

2. The sympathies #of men "have been so 
aroused that they are willing to give. 

3. It is a time when lives are being dedi- 
cated to service for others. 

During the war we were doing our best 
just to hold our own in mission work. We 
could look on and see great changes taking 
place. We saw the barriers of caste, of 
Moslem political rule, of Chinese seclusion, 
of African prejudice, crumbling to ruin be- 
fore a Tower that seemed in spite of the 
war and carnage among men to be bring- 
ing some ultimate good to the world. The 
barriers are down; let us now go up and 
possess the land. 

Many Boards, foreseeing this, made prep- 
arations to meet the missionary demands 

after the war. The American Board called 
for 300 new missionaries for its fields. The 
Board of the United Presbyterian Church 
believed it possible to raise an additional 
force of over 400 missionaries, and that 
within a short time. It will require the 
faith and courage of Caleb and Joshua for 
the Church of the Brethren also to step 
out into the promised land of opportunity 
and possess it for the King. The nations 
of the world are open, eager, ready — yes, 
even asking for the truth. Shall we strike 
now while the iron is hot, or wait until the 
moment of greatest opportunity is past? 
In the history to be written concerning the 
great missionary movement following the 
World War, how large a chapter will be 
filled by the record of the work accom- 
plished by the Church of the Brethren? Let 
us remember that the heathen world is open 
to every influence of the civilized world, the 
bad as well as the good. Would it not be a 
shame to have it said that the servants of 
God were less eager on their mission than 
the servants of Mammon? 

Men have learned to give. They have 
been shown, and I hope many have experi- 
enced what real sacrificial giving is. If 
they have, then the needs of the mission 
fields ought to appeal to all whose sym- 
pathies were aroused by the war needs, and 
they ought to be as promptly met. For no 
one who has seen the rich, fertile fields of 
our farmer Brethren, whether in the East 
or West, will doubt for a minute that the 
church has wealth. The years of war have 
been unprecedentedly profitable for farm- 

Here's a challenge and I think it fair — fair 
to the boys who went to France; fair to 
the church we love, which is asking for our 


The Missionary Visitor 


support in carrying forward the work of the 
Master. Let us look at our bank accounts 
and then turn back to 1914 and see how 
they stood then. How they have increased! 
And yet some one said, " No one has a 
right to come out of the war richer than 
he was when it began." Would we, with 
whom our government has so reasonably 
dealt as farmers and nonmilitants — we who 
profess to be governed by the law of love 
— increase our material possessions while 
our brothers poured out their lives in 
France? If the increase in bank accounts 
for the five years of war was given to the 
work of missions it would go a long, long 
way toward meeting the financial needs of 
India and China. 

As Volunteers the third great fact in this 
crisis of missions comes home to us. We 
believe a new zeal for service has swept 
over the land. More and more our youth 
are deciding their life work on the principle 
of service. Too long has been preached 
the doctrine of looking out for self first. 
It was the false doctrine of competition, 
Cooperation and service is the cry of the 
new age. Every Christian young man and 
woman should ask, " Am I willing to give 
as much and more to Christ and His cause 
as the young man who answered the call 

to the colors was willing to give to his 
country? " If not, then so far as your vis- 
ion of service is concerned, the war was 
fought in vain. But surely, every Christian 
under thirty ought seriously to question 
himself as to whether his life is in the 
place where he can accomplish the most 
good for the Master. And remember, too, 
the words of Keith-Falconer, " The burden 
of proof rests with you to show that your 
place is not on the mission field." Student 
Volunteers ought to inform themselves of 
the needs of the world and to lay these 
needs before fellow-students, particularly 
those nearing the close of their preparation. 
They should strive to spread the challenge 
of our fields into everyone of our schools. 
It is from our schools the recruits must 
come, so it becomes the duty of the volun- 
teers already there to enlist others in the 
service of the Lord. And especially is that 
true now when every one is thinking in 
terms of service. 

Will you hear His voice today, challeng- 
ing you to meet the needs of this decisive 
hour, and will you enter the open door? 
" Harden not your heart," but " Go for- 

Juniata College, '18. 

In Memory of Leah Mabel Wright 

By a Dear Friend 

LEAH was the eldest daughter born in- 
to the home of Brother and Sister 
Ezra J. Brubaker, of Virden, 111. The 
date of her birth was July 4, 1885, and by 
the early death of her mother the care of 
the home was left largely to this fourteen- 
year-old girl. She accepted the responsi- 
bilities of this situation with Christian grace 
and committed herself creditably to it. 

At the early age of twelve she confessed 
her Savior and united with the church in 
the Pleasant Hill congregation, near Vir- 
den. Here she became a worker in the 
activities of the Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Workers' Society, and received the in- 
spiration which led her to seek further 
study of the Bible. 

Sister Wright was deeply interested in 
church and missionary work from her youth 
up. During the summer following the Con- 

ference at Springfield, 111., she worked in 
the mission in that city. This experience 
caused her better to prepare herself for 
mission work, so she* entered Bethany Bi- 
ble School in the fall of 1906. She became 
a Volunteer in May, 1914. 

While at Bethany, Sister Brubaker met 
Bro. C. A. Wright, of Fostoria, Ohio, and 
an intimacy began which resulted in their 
marriage on Nov. 11, 1908. Their first home 
was at Fostoria, where Bro. Charles had 
for some time been pastor. They were 
blessed with one son, Delmar Eugene. 

After serving the Fostoria church for 
several years the desire for better educa- 
tional preparation led this little family to 
Manchester College. There, while Bro. 
Wright pursued his liberal arts course, Sis- 
ter Wright finished the Bible and art 
courses in addition to caring for the home. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The summer of 1918 found them again 
in Chicago, comfortably located in a Beth- 
any dormitory and anticipating a profitable 
year of Bible study. Sister Wright had en- 
rolled as a student, both summer and 
autumn, and entered into her work with 

With the coming of the influenza epidem- 

ic Sister Wright contracted the disease, 
and her weak heart was not able to with- 
stand the pneumonia which followed. She 
passed from earth on Oct. 12, leaving be- 
hind her companion and son with many 
other relatives and friends. The comfort 
of all consists in the truth that " blessed 
are the dead that die in the Lord." 

In Appreciation of a Friend 

Edna Neher 

of our vol- 
unteers has 
been called to en- 
joy the realities of 
the spiritual world. 
Miss Carrie Helen 
Hardy, of Mc- 
Pherson College, 
became sick with 
Spanish influenza 
on Wednesday, 
Nov. 20, 1918. On the following Sunday 
morning she passed away. The epidemic 
was then raging in our school. It seized 90 
per cent of our students at once. While we 
rejoice that all others are again well, we are 
made sad that this one, whom we all so 
much loved, has been taken from us. 

Carrie Helen was one whose presence 
brought cheer and gladness, whose words 
have healed many a hurt, whose hand was 
ever ready to soothe a pain, whose step was 
light, whose whole being was the incarna- 
tion of blessedness. Those who knew her 
best found her a most sympathetic and 
trusted friend. Since she is gone we miss 
her companionship, but we feel that our 
Heavenly Father doeth all things well. 

It was Carrie's plan to finish her college 
work next year and after three years of 
training to spend her life in India as a nurse. 
The following lines taken from her diary 
help us to know her desires and high as- 
piration. They were written on her birth- 
day, Sept. 25, 1918: "Three long years have 
passed since I last wrote in this book and 
they have been kind ones too. ... I have 
worked hard, but twenty-six years of my 
life have passed and I feel that I have ac- 

complished so little in comparison to what 
I would have liked to accomplish. Now my 
health is better than ever and I hope for 
great things in the future. If God spares 
my life and I am given strength, I hope to 
help relieve suffering humanity. My prayer 
is that I may so live that He will direct my 
every act; then all will be well, and I know 
He will give me strength for every trial." 

Is not this a great challenge? Dear read- 
ers of the Visitor, shall we not pray this 
same prayer and allow it to rule in our 
lives as it did in hers? 

Carrie did not wait for some future date 
to serve. Each day saw some thoughtful 
deed which she had done. When the State 
law of Kansas closed our schools, and many 
were sick in our city, she spent most of her 
vacation on night duty as a nurse, working 
under the direction of the Red Cross. 

Just a personal word — pardon, please. As 
a roommate, I learned to love Carrie most 
dearly. What can I do to show my appre- 
ciation for what she has contributed to my 
life? How can I prove my worthiness of 
such a friend as she has been? As a tribute 
to Carrie, I can only pray, " O Heavenly 
Father, may my heart be as pure and unself- 
ish, my friendship as trusting and my life 
purpose as noble as hers has been." 


A young Burmese girl, taking nurse's 
training in a hospital, noted on the chart 
the condition of her patient, thus: 

" 10.00 A. M. Patient in the sink. 

" 11.00 A. M. Patient flitting. 

" 12.00 A. M. Patient flot."— World Out- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our Home Field 

Arranged by Ruth Forney 

Feb. 1-8.— THE HOME. 

Thanks for the institution of the home, 
which is the basis of all society. 

Plead for the deeper consecration of fathers 
and mothers. 

Pray that they get a vision of home and its 
divine purpose — that of developing souls 
for the service and joys of God's king- 
dom; of the child and its soul's need. 

Pray that family altars be built up and 
regularly used (Deut. 6: 6, 7); that spirit- 
ual matters be made topics of conversa- 
tion and concern. 


A. That They Might Get a Vision— 

1. Of God and His grace. 

2. Of the world and its needs. 

3. Of the Gospel and its power, 

4. Of the commission and its meaning. 

5. Of the church and its mission. 

6. Of the community and its possibili- 

7. Of themselves and their real need. 

8. Of Jesus and His blood. 

9. Of the Holy Spirit and His help. 
10. Of the soul and its eternal destiny. 

B. That They Might Resolve— 

1. To seek first the kingdom of God 
(Matt. 6: 33). 

2. To make all men see the Christ (Eph. 
3: 9). 

3. To deny self, take up the cross daily, 
and follow Christ (Matt. 10: 38). 


(Arranged by R. H. Nicodemus). 
A. That They Might Get a Vision— 

1. Of Jesus and His companionship. 

2. Of their neighbors and their welfare. 

3. Of the church and its saving influence. 

4. Of sacrifice, not for self, but for oth- 

5. Of money and its relation to the 

6. Of life as a watch-hour. 
That They Might Strive— 
1. For the unity of the Spirit. 


2. For the unity of the faith. 

3. For the bond of love. 

4. For the saving of our children. 

5. For the preparation of our children 
for God's service. 

6. For the consecration of life and all 
possessions to the unparalleled op- 
portunity of making Christ known to 

Feb. 23 to March L— THE SCHOOLS. 

Thanks for the splendid men and women 
who, through sacrifice, have built our 
schools into accredited institutions of 

Pray that the presidents be given wisdom 
in arranging their faculties for next year; 
that student-leaders realize the power of 
their influence and always use it in the 
right direction. 

Pray that strong missionary sentiment be 
created; that any spirit of skepticism or 
higher criticism be guarded against, and 
that a healthy spiritual atmosphere pre- 

Pray for guidance for the pastors in meet- 
ing their difficult problems and for bless- 
ing in their ministry. 


John Barleycorn, 
Traitor to his country, violator of its laws. 
Friend of the thief, the robber, the mur- 
Despoiler of childhood, traducer of wom- 
ankind, the curse of man. 
Ploughman of the potter's field. 
Dispenser of violence, dishonor, tears, 
Father of corruption, debauchery, deceit. 
Creator of depravity, decay, death. 
In his death the almshouse has lost a friend, 
the asylum its best patron, the peni- 
tentiary its brother. 

Earth to earth, dust to dust, ashes to ashes. 
In hell thou wert conceived — to hell thou 
mayest return. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Peep Into the Kindergarten 

Ida C. Shumaker 

COME right in! Will you please be 
seated on this chair! Since you are 
our guest you must sit on the chair. 
Yes, you are now in the kindergarten. The 
teacher is one of our boarding-school girls, 
who has finished the course our school of- 
fers, and has gone to Ahmedabad to take a 
three years' course. She has had special 
training along the line of kindergarten work 
and is very apt to learn as well as to teach. 
That bright-eyed, roly-poly little one in the 
cradle yonder is her first-born. Her hus- 
band, also a college-bred man, is head-mas- 
ter of the school. Yes, most of our teachers 
in our girls' schools are married, so we must 
also provide for the " infantry." We can 
truly say about our work that it is a "howl- 
ing success." You would think so, too, if 
you could go through all the schools, when 
each member of the " infantry " begins to 
exercise the strong lungs provided by Moth- 
er Nature. 

Our room is not a very desirable one, but 
we hope for a better one some day. People 
will soon know the value of a kindergarten 
in connection with our educational work 
and will respond. 

Ah! You, too, are interested in knowing 
how we managed to get this one started. 
As usual, some one had a vision. Running 
up and dov/n the hot, dusty roads, climbing 
into and over the ash piles near the rail- 
road, playing in the sunshine and shadows, 
wading in the tanks, brooks and rivers, flit- 
ting here and there among the butterflies 
and bees, among: the flowers and the trees, 
hiding in the tall, sweet grass, were very 
many of these bright-eyed boys and girls 
whom you see before you so happy and 
free, learning day by day the beautiful les- 
sons of Jesus and His love. 

How to win them was the great problem. 
Each time we came near they would run 

from us and scream, wild with fright. How 
we prayed! How we worked! To see the 
wonderful possibilities in these little ones 
running wild, without Christian teaching, 
without Christian education, was most heart- 
rending. How eagerly we tried to get the 
consent of their parents to allow us to take 
them into our little kindergarten when they 
could not be gotten into our schools! After 
days and weeks and months of downright 
hard work, strong opposition facing us, and 
threats of various kinds, victory for the 
Lord was won. Two little girls were liter- 
ally dug out of an ash heap and were led, 
every step of the way, first to our bathroom. 
After a good scrubbing and hair brushing 
they finally landed in this room. Now look 
there to your left in the front row and see 
those two tots dressed in "jewels and 
smiles." The rest of the children in the 
front row are the children of our Chris- 
tians. You will note they are wearing 
smiles and clothing. 

Listen a moment! Do you hear the tiny 
bells jingle? Now watch! Here they come! 
A whole army of thirty-five or forty more 
of these little ones for whom we worked 
and prayed. Do you see the leader? She 
is the little girl whom we won through the 
needle and the quilt patch. The little boy 
who came in last is the lea-der of the boys. 
He was won through a picture card of "Je- 
sus blessing the little children." Yes, these 
children wear many jewels, which made the 
sound you heard before you saw them. 
These jewels always announce their com- 
ing. See how happy they look as they sit 
in the circle on the mud floor! They are 
just in time for the circle work and story 

While waiting for that we will show you 
another feature of our work. Notice what 
takes place when their teacher comes with 


The Missionary Visitor 


this tiny basket of fresh fruit. Every little 
hand is examined to see if " cleanliness is 
next to godliness." Each child takes the 
proper amount and, bowing very sweetly, 
says, "Thank you, very much!" Ah, are 
you surprised to see them sit and wait till 
each has been served, when some of them 
are " as hungry as wolves "? Now listen to 
their little " Thank you," song and prayer. 
"Just like the ones we sing in America," 
you say? Yes, one of our Christian boys 
has translated many of our songs for our 
little ones here. This may not mean much 
to you, but it has taken hard work to get 
these children thus far. Now, how pleasing 
it is to hear them in their homes say, when 
food is offered them, " We must say, ' Thank 
you,' to our heavenly Father, for He gave 
this to us," or to hear them sing the Chris- 
tian hymns and recite the Bible verses and 
lesson truths; to hear them tell the Bible 
stories they have learned. 

When we have finished using the large 
pictures on the picture rolls, we divide 
them among the children. It would do your 
soul good if you could go into their homes 
and see these bright pictures hanging on 
their dingy mud walls, along with " a fes- 
toon of the small cards," and then hear 
these little children telling the sweet story 
of Jesus to their parents, friends and neigh- 
bors. They take great delight also in show- 
ing the handwork which they have made, 
illustrating each lesson story they have 
learned, giving Bible verses, hymns and les- 
son truth also. 

Now you can readily see how our kinder- 
garten becomes a good evangelizing agency 
and the teacher a good evangelistic mis- 
sionary. During the work of the day the 
plastic minds of these tots receive lasting 
impressions. They may not understand all 
the Bible instruction given them, but the 
good influence of a truly Christian teacher, 
and the clean and wholesome environment 
in which they remain for a short season 
each day, have a telling effect. 

Then, too, our Christian kindergarten is 
closely associated with our Sunday-school 
and Mission Band work. The children be- 
come interested in the Bible stories in the 
kindergarten and want to hear more. So 
we can also enroll them in our Sunday- 
school, and then in the Mission Band they 

have a chance to work out the lessons 
taught and prove that " it is more blessed 
to give than to receive." 

Another feature is this: Several times a 
year we arrange a special program and in- 
vite the parents of these children. They 
look forward to these festive occasions with 
great joy. It means a big day in their lives. 
Ahl The mothers of these children are just 
as proud as the mothers of Americans or 
English or any others when the work is in- 
spected, and they see what their child has 

After the children have performed their 
parts, we have a social hour. The kinder- 
gartners are never so happy as when they 
are given " refreshments " to serve their 
parents. After this they are taken for a 
romp while the mothers are given special 
instruction. These heart-to-heart talks with 
the non-Christian mothers have been very 
helpful. All go home pleased, looking for- 
ward to the coming of the next special day. 
So, through the kindergarten these mothers 
come in touch with Christianity. 

Although much can be done for the adult 
population, and good is being accomplished, 
the future of our work lies in the proper 
care and wise and faithful training of our 
children. We may not see the results now, 
and the kindergarten may not seem to 
prove helpful to our work, but rest assured 
that later in life you will see that this 
teaching will mould an individual for life, 
if carefully and prayerfully done. 

Now our time is up and we will move on. 
We may be able to give you more later. 

On board the Fushimi Maru, somewhere 
on the stormy Pacific, nearing Yokohama, 
Nov. 15, 1918. 

Let us not forget that in this hour the 
church of Jesus Christ has a task all its 
own. Most of the things we have been do- 
ing are but the preparation of our task, 
which is yet before us — to bring the church 
herself to the profound consciousness of her 
impotence to heal the nations with the vir- 
tue that goes out from her, as she stands in 
the plain with her Master, unless with Him 
she has continued in the mountain during 
the night, and entered into the conscious- 
ness of His unceasing prayer. Let us not 
forget the nation's soul. — Dr. C. S. Mac- 


The Missionary Visitor 


During the month of December the Board sent 
out 84,237 pages of tracts. 

The following contributions to the Board's funds 
were received during the month of December: 


Indiana— $3,097.21 

Northern District, Congregations 

Howard, $100; New Paris, $66; Goshen, 
$65; Elkhart City, $45.16; Bethany, $40; 
Nappanee, $38.45; Rock Run, $33.40; 
English Prairie, $17.24; First So. Bend, 
$17.55; Walnut, $23; Wakarusa, $22.46; 
Wawaka, $19; Oak Grove, $16; Second 

So. Bend, $9.25; Bremen, $3.92, $ 516 43 


Birthday Offerings, Rock Run, $21.41; 
Union Center, $20; Gleaners Class, Yel- 
low River Cong., $8 49 41 


Samuel Reppert and wife, $30; Mrs. 
D. W. E., $10; Mrs. Albert Gump, $1; 

Ralph G. Rarick, 50 cents, 41 50 

Middle District, Congregations 

Pipe Creek, $44; Spring Creek, $33; 
Ogans Creek, $23.24; Huntington, $11.90; 
Somerset, $13.65; Walton Mission, $17.50; 

Eel River, $27.77 171 06 


Manchester, $100 ; Pleasant View, 
$21.30; Burnetts Creek, $16.32; Hickory 

Grove, $15 152 62 


Estate of Mary Jane Crites, $50; 
Estate of Lydia A. Rarick, $1,697.79; Mr. 
and Mrs. M. D. Winger, $10; Sarah A. 

Ball, $1 ; A. H. Snowberger, $1, 1,759 79 

Southern District, Congregations 

Nettle Creek, $82.03; White, $55.88; 
Fairview, $37.80; Howard, $28.40; Buck 
Creek, $26.95; Maple Grove, $26; Plevna, 
$16.68; Allison Prairie, $11.55; Anderson, 
$16.55; Beech Grove, $15.15; Mt. Pleas- 
ant, $5 321 99 


White Branch 5 03 

Christian Workers 

Pyrmont 29 38 

Aid Society 

Union City, 10 00 


Celestia Miller, $3; Perry Gardiner, 
$9; Flora A. Benham, $25; F. A. Mc- 

Guire, $3 40 00 

Ohio— $2,391.69 

Northwestern District, Congregations 

Pleasant View, $186; Logan, $64.82; 
Lick Creek, $46; N. Poplar Ridge, $45; 
Silver Creek, $40.14; Rome, $31.59; Green- 
springs, $27.20; Richland, $21.61; Lima, 

$15.77; Deshler, $15; Ross, $11.75 504 88 


Eagle Creek, 84 93 


J. W. Smith and wife, $5; Mrs. A. J. 
Burkett, $4.40; Mrs. E. M. McFadden, 

$3 12 40 

Northeastern District, Congregations 

Zion Hill, $75.50; Black River, $75; 
Owl Creek, $75; Danville, $70.99; Woos- 
ter, $45.50; Akron, $41.73; Reading, $39.07; 
Maple Grove, $38.43; Baltic, $29.36; Tus- 
carawas, $14; Springfield, $26.33; East 

Chippewa Aid, $15, 545 91 


N. Bend, Danville Cong., $27.65; Birth- 

day Offerings, Canton City, $20, 47 65 


Irena Kurtz, $40; Mr. and Mrs. N. 
A. Shrock, $25; C. Wohlgamuth, $25; 
Mary A. Shroyer, $3 ; Isaac Olinger, $2, 95 00 
Southern District, Congregations 

New Carlisle, $311.11; Ft. McKinley, 
$215.81; West Charleston, $105.00; Poplar 
Grove, $74; Eversole, $60; Middle Dis- 
trict, $51.01; West Milton, $34.25; Green- 
ville, $37; North Star, $32.27; Sidney, 
$25.50; I. F. Leatherman, Treas., $18.24; 
Beaver Creek, $15.35; Painter Creek, 
$13.58; Middletown, $10.50; Ludlow, 

$8.30 ; Circleville Mission, $5 1,016 92 


Bethel 15 50 


H. C. Groff, $25; Lura B. Pittenger, 
$15; Mrs, Jane Miller, $10; Ivan Eiken- 
berry, $5.50; Harvey M. Stoner, $5; 
Katie Beath, $2; Ollie Kiser, $1; Opal 
Chalfant, 50 cents; George Chalfant, 50 
cents ; H. S. and M. B. Chalfant, $4, . . 68 50 
Pennsylvania — $2,531.95 
Southeastern District, Individuals 

Mrs. A. C. Barr, $2 ; A Sister, $1 3 00 

Eastern District, Congregations 

Indian Creek, $95.50; White Oak, 
$91.47; Midway, $88; Hatfield, $83.53; 
Conestoga, $50; Springville, $50; Mingo, 
$49.12; Lancaster, $21.81; Peach Blossom, 

$19.58 ; E. Petersburg, $13.50 562 51 


A Sister, Conewago Cong., $15; A 
Brother and Sister, Little Swatara, $10; 
Mrs. R. D. Raffensberger, $1; Fannie Yo- 

der, $1, 27 00 

Southern District, Congregations 

Codorus, $140.74; Antietam, $109.25; 
Upper Conewago, $81.24; Pleaasant Hill, 
$78; Marsh Creek, $17.17; Buffalo, $8; 

Ridge, $25; Shippensburg, $25, 484 40 

Christian Workers 

Brandt, Back Creek Cong., 8 68 


Mrs. J. H. Potter, 40 cents; J. S. Har- 
ley, $3; Ellen S, Strauser, $1; Mrs. C. L. 
Martin, 50 cents; Harvey Witter, $10; 
D. E. Brandt, $250; Jessie M. Ziegler, $1, 265 90 
Middle District, Congregations 

Martinsburg, $48.04; New Enterprise, 
$25; Sedenheim, $10; Fairview, $4.38; 
Spring Run, $12.93; Smithfield, $2.25; 

Dunning Creek, $4.44, ( 107 04 


Mrs. B. H. Funk, $10; Geo. W. Wyble, 
$8; Mrs. Hannah Puderbaugh, $5; C. B. 
Beach, $2; A. L. Simmonds, $2; Edna 

Hardin, $1 28 00 

Western District, Congregations 

Shade Creek, $82.12; Purchase Line 
House, Manor Cong., $66.80; Montgom- 
ery, $76; Elk Lick, $52.30; Maple Spring, 
$24.51; Summit, Brothers Valley Cong., 
$23.15; Walnut Grove, $30.21; Markleys- 
burg, $17.25; Brothers Valley, $43.66; Ja- 
cob's Creek, $33.70; Rayman, Brothers 
Valley, $38; Hochstetler, $5.15; Meyers- 
dale, $15.92; Ten Mile, $10.05; Pike, 

$4.35 523 77 


D. F. Lepley, $500; A Brother and Sis- 
ter, $5; John S. Keim, $5; Mary E. 
Fritz, $3; Cora A. B. Silverthorn, $5; N. 
D. Beachy, $1.35; Mrs. Melita V. Ripple, 



The Missionary Visitor 


$1.30; Thos. Hardin and Family, $1, .. 521 65 

Illinois— $1,523.81 

.Northern District, Congregations 

Franklin Grove, $311.50; Mt. Morris, 
245.56; Bethany, Chicago, $93.28; Mil- 
ledgeville, $140.63; Shannon, $67.10; Po- 
lo, $55.41; Dixon, $34; Sterling, $20.94; 
Batavia, $20; Rockford, $12.88; Lanark, 
$10; Douglas Park, $7.02; Silver Creek, 

$7, f. 1,025 32 


A Brother, $40; A Brother, $12; C. J. 
Sell, $5; Mrs. Hannah Wirt," $5; James 
Wirt, $5; Jennie Harley, $1.20; Kate 

Strickler, $1, 69 20 

Southern District, Congregations 

Girard, $112.43; Pine Creek, $82; Cerro 
Gordo, $52.16; Astoria, $50; Mansfield, 
Blue Ridge, $31; Oakley, $32.50; De- 
catur, $11 ; Macoupin Creek, $30.80, .... 401 89 

J. B. W., $10; H. M. Garber and fam- 
ily, $1 ; J. M. Angle, $1 ; Henry J. Forney 
and wife, $2; Dow A. Ridgely, $3.40; 

Mrs. B. S. Kindig, $10, 27 40 

Virginia— $1,329.27 

First District, Congregations 

Roanoke, $252; Harman, $144.46; Pleas- 
ant View, $63.15 ; Bethel, $5.32 464 93 


J. H. Wells 2 00 

Second District, Congregations 

Bridgewater, $71.03; Elk Run, $39.83; 
Sangerville, $38; Valley Bethel, $23.29; 

Pleasant Valley, $28.97 201 12 


Ira L. and Cora V. Garber, $5; Mattie 

F. Wise, $1, 6 00 

Northern District, Congregations 

Unity, $72.62; Flat Rock, $37.86; Lin- 
ville Creek, $26; Linville Creek, $18.40; 

Mt. Grove Chapel, $6.55 161 43 


S. H. Hampton and wife, $10; G. M. 
Hall, $5; J. T. Strole, $10; Mrs. C. R. 
Frick, $5; Stella P. Wisman, $3.85; Mrs. 
Ida F. Reed, $4.25; F. N. Weimer, $6; 
C. B. Miller, $2; Maggie Cunningham, 
$4.68; D. W. Beaver, $5; J. H. Garber, 
$10; E. P. Carper, $10; I. Teeter, $2; 
Clyde M. Kuhn, $5; W. T. Sherman, 
$5.65; Guy T. Bashor, $5; Mrs. Alice Da- 
vis, $1; B. N. Neff, 75 cents; Jno. D. 

Wampler, $2 97 18 

Eastern District, Congregations 

Manassas, $26.75; Fairfax, $19.40; Val- 
ley, $13.08; Mt. Hermon, $4.50; Midland, 

$23.86, 87 59 

Southern District, Congregations 

Germantown, $120; Antioch, $55.50; 
Topeco, $23.71; Bethlehem, $72.50; Laurel 
Branch, $18; Red Oak Grove, $10.32; Mt. 
Grove Chapel, $3.14; Burks Fork, $2.35; 

Coulson, $2, 307 52 


Sarah Kieth, $1; A. N. Hylton, 50 

cents, 1 50 

Maryland— $1,217.13 

Eastern District, Congregations 

Beaver Dam, $64.61 ; Long Green Val- 
ley and Darlington Mission, $53.64; Lo- 
cust Grove, $50; Meadow Branch Harvest 
Meeting, $49.52; Piney Creek, $12.17; 
Denton, $26.20; Washington City, D. C, 

$22.52; Green Hill, $7, 285 66 


Union Bridge, 3 17 


W. B. Yount and wife, $150; Wm. E. 
Gosnell and wife, $10; A Sister, $10; J. 

W. Boon, $5; Mrs. I. R. Little, $1 176 00 

Middle District, Congregations 

Pleasant View, $317.25; Welsh Run, 
Broadfording End, $148; Manor, $121.04; 
Longmeadow, $30; Brownsville, $27.42; 
Beaver Creek, Mt. Zion House, $26 669 71 


Delia M. Galor, i 55 

Western District, Congregations 

Fairview, $35; Beech Grove, $16.04, .. 51 04 

Rev. J. A. Walls, 30 00 

California— $837.84 

Northern District, Congregations 

Lindsay, $260.89; Empire, $85.70; Mc- 
Farland, $70.75; Golden Gate, $66.08; 
Butte Valley, $37.06; Laton, $22.95; Chico, 
$4.31; Santee, $2.11; Live Oak, $3.15; 

Raisin, $1.25 554 25 


L. C. Wise, $25; A Brother, $20; Mabel 

Arbegast, $5, 50 00 

Southern District, Congregations 

Los Angeles, $41.44; Long Beach, 

$50.49 ; Santa Fe Mission, $21, 112 93 


Receipt No. 41894, $100; S. E. Hylton, 
$9.90; M. Grace Miller, $2; C. B. Lefever, 

$5.76 ; Mrs. Edna Morris, $3, 120 66 

Iowa— $721.49 

Northern District, Congregations 

Franklin County, $117.54; Spring 

Creek, $11.85 129 39 


Mr. and Mrs. Parker Ruble, $50; Mrs. 
David Brallier and family, $10; Mrs. D. 
R. Baldwin, $8; Anetta Johnson, $5; C. 

K. Burkholder, $1, 74 00 

Middle District, Congregations 

Garrison, $170.78; Cedar, $34.09; Brook- 
lyn, $30.50; First Des Moines, $10; Fer- 

nald, $7.50 252 87 


Helen M. Krueger, , . . . . 1 00 

Southern District, Congregations 

English River, $93.97; Liberty ville, 
$78.50; Salem, $60.20; Monroe, $9; Mt. 

Etna, $8.56, 250 23 


Council Bluffs 4 00 


Jemima Kob, 10 00 

Colorado — $148.67 

Haxtun, $21 ; Denver, $16.17 37 17 


J. D. Coffman and wife, $100; Cora 

Van Dyke, $11.50, Ill 50 

Kansas— $460.29 

Northeastern District, Congregations 

Ottawa, $107.66; Sabetha, $60; H. R. 
Tice, Treas., $20.48; Abilene (City), 

$17.57, 205 71 


I. A. Marker, $3.50; Susan Cochran, $1, 4 50 

Northwestern District, Congregations 

Burr Oak, 8 46 


Hopeful Hill , 4 50 


Isaac R. Garst 100 

Southeastern District, Congregations 

New Hope, $34; Mt. Ida, $28.71; Osage, 

$21.21 1 ,. 83 92 

Aid Society 

Osage, 5 00 

Southwestern District, Congregations 

Monitor, $76.20 ; Bloom, $8, 84 20 


D. M. Eller and family, $3; M. S. 
Frantz and wife, $2.50; Sister Jacques, 
$5; Sister Flora Highberger, $50; S. P. 
Weaver, $1; Sister I. V. Wenrick, $1.50, 63 00 

West Virginia— $560.97 

First District, Congregations 

German Settlement, Maple Spring, 
$187.69; Old Furnace, $52.15; German 
Settlement, Brookside, $43.08; New 
Creek, $38; Beaver Run, $36.75; Ger- 
man Settlement, Glade View, $27.42; 
German Settlement, Accident, $23.58; 


The Missionary Visitor 


White Pine, $17.49, 426 16 


Harnels Run, $30.67; Beaver Run, $6, 36 67 
Aid Society 

Pleasant View House 40 00 


Jos. W. Judy, $12.86; R. E. Reed, $10; 

Raphael Baker, $1.90, 24 76 

Second District. Congregations 

Pleasant Valley, $22.63; Hevner, $7,.. 29 63 

Joseph H. Annon, 25 cents; S. M. An- 
non, $1; Jesse Judy and wife, $2.50, .'. 3 75 

Canada — $359.70 

Bow Valley, 209 70 


A Brother 150 00 

Washington— $362.74 

Outlook, $100; Yakima, $96; Centralia, 

$50.10; Olympia, $34.14 280 24 


B. F. and Mrs. Zimmerman, $10; Es- 
ther A. Macdonald, $10; Chas. Enters, 
$12; James Wagoner and Wife, $10; 
T. H. Leavell, $9; W. H. Tegner, $6.50; 
G. R. Hixon, $6; W. C. Lehman, $6; A 
Sister, $5; Mrs. Arthur Myers, $5; Han- 
nah Bohn, $3, 82 50 

North Carolina — $52.58 

Pleasant Grove, 12 58 


Mrs. Nellie Frisbee, $15; Mrs. Avery 
Cochran, $9; G. H. Reed, $5; D. H. Lew- 
is and wife, $5; Ethel Reed, $3; H. M. 

Griffith, $2 ; L. H. Lewis, $1, 40 00 

Nebraska— $347.45 

So. Beatrice, $249.29; Bethel, $63.21; 
Red Cloud, $13; Afton, $10.50; Bethel, 

$5.90 ; Kearney, $2, 343 90 


Mr. and Mrs. Simon Holsinger, $2; 
Mrs. Sarah E. Sheaffer, $1; Sidney Cripe, 

55 cents, 3 55 

Missouri— $242.20 

Northern District, Congregation 

Rockingham, 136 00 


Clara Miller, 10 00 

Middle District, Congregations 

Prairie View, $35; Kansas City, $6.55, 41 55 

J. H. Fahnestock, $7.90; Jno. M. Moh- 

ler, $2.50; Cal Beshore, $1 11 40 

Southern District, Congregations 

Peace Valley, $8.25; Dry Fork, $6; 
Carthage, $6; Oak Grove, $4.50; Shoal 

Creek, $2.50, 27 25 


Mary J. Mays. $10; Nannie A. Harmon, 
$2; Wm. and Ella Hollowell, $2; Wm. S. 

Long, $1; Emma E. Thyland, $1 16 00 

Minnesota — $207.72 

Root River, $47.75; Minneapolis, $40; 
Lewiston, $26; Lewiston, $17.72; Root 
River, $15; Morrill, $11; Deer Park, 

$3.25 160 72 


Mrs. P. A. Richert, $25; Mr. and 
Mrs. D. Broadwater, $10; Mrs. G. R. 
Hahn, $7; Earl L. Flora and wife, $2; 

Susan and Mary M. Henninger, $3,, 47 00 

Michigan— $186.11 

Thornapple. $35; Woodland, $33.53; 
Woodland Village, $26.07; Sunfield, $10; 
Onekama. $8.90; Zion, $8.61; Hart, $6, .. 128 11 

A Sister, $41; Abe and Amanda Rep- 
pert, $10; D. W. Vaniman, $2; Mrs. 

Frank Register, $2; Milton B. Register, 

$2; Wm. A. Hershberger, $1, 58 00 

Idaho— $196.52 

Nez Perce, 118 52 


G. W. Flory, $50; Mrs. J. E. Steinour, 
$25; Mrs. O. Dewey, $2; M. M. Custer, 

$1, 78 00 

Oregon — $139.00 

Myrtle Point, $35; Newberg, $22; 

Ashland, $8; Albany, $5; Mabel, $5 75 00 


E. J. Michael, $50; A. E. Troyer and 
wife, $2; A. S. Christlieb, $1; An Oregon 

Sister, $1, 54 00 


Mabel, 10 00 

North Dakota— $76.98 

Zion, $23.85 ; Kenmare, $13.13, 36 98 


L. Larsen, $25; J. E. Glessner and 

family, $10; A. P. Sommers, $5, 40 00 

Texas— $77.50 

Manvel, 77 50 

Tennessee— $78.10 

Mt. Valley, $21; Meadow Branch, $20; 
New Hope, $12.10; Knob Creek, $10, .. . 63 10 

A Sister, $10; Mrs. M. S. Stroup, $5,.. 15 00 
Louisiana — $89.15 

Roanoke, 89 15 

Wisconsin — $40.02 

Ash Ridge, $22; Chippewa Valley, 

$10.38; Rice Lake, $7.14, 39 52 


Eliz Clark 50 

Cuba— $15.85 

Omaja 15 85 

Oklahoma— $15.50 

Thomas, 9 50 


S. Latimer, $5; Mrs. J. W. Murray, 

$1, 6 00 

Florida— $21.10 

Sebring, $18.10; Bethel, $3 21 10 

Utah— $10.00 

L. C. Spencer, 10 00 

South Carolina — $6.00 

J. I. Branscom, $5; Mrs. Nat. Ed- 
wards, $1, 6 00 

Delaware — $5.00 

David Hochstetler and wife, 5 00 

New York— $5.00 
H. E. Campbell 5 00 

Montana — $6.80 

Fairchild, 5 80 


A Sister 1 00 

South Dakota — $3.00 

Mrs. L. W. Thurston, $2; Mrs. Wm. 

Dumpman, $1, 3 00 

New Jersey — $1.00 

Anna S. Hudack 1 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Unknown— $30.42 

Unknown, $29.92; unknown, 50 cents, 30 42 

Total for the month $17,395 76 

Previously reported, 90,254 96 

For the year so far, $107,650 72 

Virginia— $50.00 
Northern District, Individual 

Mrs. Lela S. Neff, „ 50 00 

Ohio— $38.00 

Southern District, Congregation 

Laramie 33 00 


Kate Riley 5 00 

Indiana — $25.29 

Northern District, Congregation 

Rock Run, 25 29 

Idaho— $25.00 

Jno. Wilsey and wife, 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $16.85 

Eastern District, Christian Workers 

Ridgely 5 10 

Southeastern District, Individuals 

A Sister 75 

Southern District, Individual 

Miss Dessie M. Zeigler, 1 00 

Western District, Individual 

J. E. Young, 10 00 

Kansas — $16.39 

Northeastern District, Congregation 

Morrill, 16 39 

Maryland— $5.00 

Western District, Individual 

Mary E. Arnold 5 00 

Washington— $5.00 

Yakima, 5 00 

Missouri— $3.52 

Middle District, Congregation 

Kansas City, . . . i 3 52 

Illinois— $3.00 

Northern District, Congregation 

Shannon, 2 00 


Julia Ellen Porter, 100 

North Dakota— $1.00 

Zion, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 189 05 

Previously reported, 1,372 32 

For the year so far, $1,56137 

Indiana— $164.27 

Northern District, Christian Workers 

Turkey Creek $ 6 25 


Mrs. Foster Berkey, 25 00 

Middle District, Sunday-school 

Class No. 4, Burnettsville, $60; Mis- 
sion Endeavor Class, Huntington Coun- 
try, $25.54; Class No. 4, Clear Creek, 
$11.18; Willing Workers Class, Flora, 
$10 ; Live Wires Class, Courter, $10, .... 116 72 

Grace Miller Murphy, 5 00 

Southern District, Individual 

Mrs. Claude Cripe 11 30 

Pennsylvania — $122.50 
Southeastern District, Individuals 

Amanda Cassel, $32; A Sister, 50 cents, 32 50 
Southern District, Sunday-school 

York 40 00 

Western District, Sunday-school 

Friendly Bible Class, Brothers Val- 
ley 25 00 


Sewell Rogers, 25 00 

Ohio— $62.50 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school 

Olivet, 25 00 

Southern District, Congregation 

Ft. McKinley, 25 00 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school 

Six Classes, Pleasant View, 12 50 

Illinois — $50.11 

Northern District, Congregation 

Shannon 3 00 


Children of Waddams Grove, 17 11 

Aid Society 

Cerro Gordo, 20 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Centennial 5 00 

Aid Society 

Centennial 5 00 

North Dakota— $31.00 

Zioh, 100 


Ella Z. Row, 30 00 

Michigan — $23.50 

Three Primary Classes, Woodland, 
$12.50; Crystal, $8; Birthday Offerings, 

Beaverton Primary Department, $3 23 50 

California — $25.00 

Southern District, Christian Workers 

Egan, 12 50 

Northern District, Individuals 

Paul J. Wilkinson, $6.25; Ruth E. 

Wilkinson, $6.25, 12 50 

Maryland— $10.00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school 

Blue Ridge, Primary and Intermedi- 
ate Departments 10 00 

Kansas — $6.25 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school 

Loyal Workers Class, Parsons 6 25 

Total for the month $ 495 13 

Previously reported, 5,371 88 

For the year so far, $5,867 01 

Pennsylvania — $1,202.00 
Eastern District, Sunday-schools 

Harrisburg, $50; Richland, Tulpehock- 

en, $25, 75 00 

Christian Workers 

Hanoverdale, Big Swatara, 25 00 

Western District, Congregation 

Beachdale, Berlin, $127; Elk Lick, $10, 137 00 

Middle Creek, 965 00 

Total for the month, $1,202 00 

Previously ' reported, 7,351 24 

For the year so far $8,553 24 


Penn sy lvania — $20.10 

Eastern District, Christian Workers 

Indian Creek, $6.01; Palmyra, $5.33,.. 1134 
Southern District, Christian Workers 

Brandt, Back Creek 3 76 

Western District, Individual 

Cora A. B. Silverthorn 5 00 

California — $6.80 

Northern District, Christian Workers 

Oakland, 6 80 

Indiana — $3.77 

Southern District, Individual 

Mrs. Claude Cripe, 3 77 

Maryland— $6.46 

Eastern District, Christian Workers 

Green Hill, 1 46 

Middle District, Christian Workers 

Brownsville, 5 00 

Illinois— $4.80 

Northern District, Congregation 

Shannon, 2 00 

Christian Workers 

Cherry Grove, 2 30 

Missouri— $2.56 

Middle District, Christian Workers 

Warrettsburg, 2 56 


The Missionary Visitor 


Michigan— $1.25 
Christian Workers 

Hart 125 

Total for the month, $ 45 24 

Previously reported, 230 46 

For the year so far, $ 275 70 

Illinois— $1.00 
Northern District, Congregation 

Shannon, 1 00 

Pennsylvania — $0.50 

Southeastern District, Individual 

A Sister, 50 

Total for the month, $ 1 50 

Previously reported, 140 50 

For the year so far, $ 142 00 


Ohio— $177.20 

Northwestern District, Aid Society 

Pleasant View, $ 100 00 

Southern District, Aid Society 

Harris Creek, 77 20 

Indiana — $35.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

English Prairie, 25 00 

Middle District, Individual 

Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Bailey 10 00 

Pensylvania — $50.50 

Southeastern District, Individual 

A Sister 50 

Western District, Sunday-schools 

Loyal Daughters' Class, Middle Creek, 

$25 ; Middle Creek, $25 50 00 

Virginia— $10.00 

First District, Aid Society 

Daleville 10 00 

Missouri — $10.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

Plattsburg, 10 00 

Michigan— $5.00 
Aid Society 

Woodland 5 00 

Maryland — $5.00 

Eastern District, Aid Society 

New Windsor 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 292 70 

Previously reported, 2,837 81 

For the year so far $3,130 51 


Idaho— $128.41 . 


Mary C. Garber, Estate $ 128 41 

Virginia— $100.00 

Northern District, Individual 

Mrs. Lela S. Neff, 100 00 

Ohio— $89.01 

Southern District, Congregations 

Laramie, $33; Brookville, $22.20; West 
Dayton, $18.35 ; East Dayton, $10.46, . . 84 01 

Kate Riley 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $12.00 
Southeastern District, Individual 

A Sister 1 00 

Southern District, Individual 

Miss Dessie M. Ziegler 1 00 

Western District, Individual 

J. E. Young 10 00 

Washington— $3.00 

Chas. Enters 3 00 

Illinois— $2.00 

Northern District, Congregation 

Shannon, 2 00 

Montana — $1.00 

A Sister, 1 00 

Indiana — $4.00 

Southern District. Individual 

Chas. Ellabarger 4 00 

Total for the month, $ 33942 

Previously reported, 1,607 03 

For the year so far, $ 1,946 45 


Pennsylvania — $55.00 
Southeastern District 

Greater Missionary Class, Norristown, $ 11 00 

A Sister, $1 ; A Sister, $1 2 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

York, 22 00 

Aid Society 

Waynesboro 30 00 

Iowa — $26.50 

Southern District, Christian Workers 

Mt. Etna Young People's Society 26 50 

Indiana — $22.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

Walnut, 22 on 

Ohio— $22.00 

Southern District Ohio, 22 nn 

Illinois— $5.00 


Shannon, 2 nn 

Individual u 

J. W. Fox, 3 on 

Oregon— $5.00 

Myrtle Point, * nn 

Michigan— $3.36 


Birthday Offerings, Primary Dept., .. 3 36 

Total for the month, $ 138 86 

Previously reported, 423 08 

For the year so far $ 501 94 


Illinois — $8.64 

Northern District, Congregation 

Waddams Grove, $ 354 

Idaho — $7.81 

Nez Perce, ... 7 gj 

Pennsylvania — $1.00 

Middle District, Christian Workers 

Bethel, j 00 

Total for the month, $ 17~45 

Previously reported, 379 17 

For the year so far $ 396 62 


California— $35.05 

Northern District, Christian Workers 

Empire 3505 

Maryland— $14.63 

Eastern District, Sunday-school 

Birthday Box, Class No. 2, Westmin- 
ster 4 63 

Middle District, Christian Workers 

Brownsville, 10 00 

Pennsylvania — $6.05 
Southeastern District, Individual 

A Sister, $1 ; A Sister, $1 2 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers 

Chambersburg 4 95 

Indiana — $2.63 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Junior Class, Summitville 2 63 

North Dakota— $2.25 

Zion 2 25 

Total for the month $ 60 61 

Previously reported, 375 26 

For the year so far, $ 435 87 


The Missionary Visitor 



Ohio— $10.00 

Southern District, Individual 

.Myrtle Blocher, $ 10 00 

Maryland— $8.00 

Middle District, Sunday-school 

King's Daughters' Class, Hagerstown, 8 00 

Illinois— $2.00 
JN'orthern District, Congregation 

Shannon, 2 00 

Pennsylvania — $2.00 

Southeastern District, Individuals 

A Sister, $1 ; A Sister, $1 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 22 00 

Previously reported,. 215 65 

For the year so far, $ 237 65 

liao chou hospital, 

Indiana— $216.50 

Middle District, Individuals 

Brethren and Sisters of Bachelor Run 

Cong., per O. P. Clingenpeel $ 152 50 


Class No. 4, Clear Creek, 10 00 

Northern District, Individuals 

Richard and Mary Cunningham 54 00 

Pennsylvania* — $1.50 

Southeastern District, Individuals 

' A Sister, $1; A Sister, 50 cents 1 50 

Total for the month, $ 218 00 

Previously reported, 105 58 

For the year so far, $ 323 58 

West Virginia— $6.00 
First District, Individual 

Laura Richman, $ 6 00 

Illinois— $2.00 

Northern District, Congregation 

Shannon, ,. . 2 00 

Pennsylvania — $0.50 

Southeastern District, Individual 

A Sister 50 

Total for the month, $ 8 50 

Previously reported, 61 75 

For the year so far $ 70 25 


Missouri— $1.00 

Nannie A. Harman, $ 100 

Pennsylvania — $0.50 
Southeastern District, Individual 

A Sister, 50 

Total for the month, $ 150 

Previously Reported, 90 58 

For the year so far $ 92 08 

Pennsylvania — $0.50 
Southeastern District, Individual 

A Sister, 50 

Total for' the month $ 50 

Previously reported Ill 57 

For the year so far $ 112 07 






Fruitdale S. S., $10.75; Fruitdale S. 

S., $4.30 $ 15 05 


C. H. Brown and wife, Lowell, 10 00 


Nancy D. Underhill, Pomona, $6; Rais- 
in Cong., $61.47; Live Oak S. S., $55.44... 122 91 


A Brother and Sister, Rocky Ford,.... 25 00 

David Hochstedler, Farmington, 5 00 

District of Columbia * 

Marion Martin, Washington, 10 00 


Sebring S. S., 40 00 


John Wilsey and wife, Winchester, 

$25; Nezperce Cong., $5.10 30 10 


Mt. Pleasant S. S., $15; A Sister, Shan- 
non, $5; Merlin G. Miller's S. S. Class of 
Bethany S. S., Chicago, $7.75; Mr. and 
Mrs. A. B. Wolfe and daughter, Clara, 
Sterling, $3; Sarah Airos, Chenoa, $5; 
Rockford S. S., $59.15; Centennial S. S., 
$33.54; Fairview S. S., $5; A Sister, Mul- 
berry Grove, $5; Mrs. R. A. Forney, Nor- 
mal, $5; Mrs. Sam Bollinger and daugh- 
ter, Mrs. H. L. Trone, Browning, $5; 
L. A. Walker, Mt. Morris, $15; Jno. and 
Kate Swartz, Mansfield, $10; Marion Ju- 
lius and wife, Beecher City, $5; D. T. 
Wagner and wife, Beecher City, $5; Bur- 
ton Metzler, Chicago, $20 203 44 


A Brother of Bachelor Run Cong., $30; 
A Brother and Sister of Walnut Cong., 
$15; J. Ray Emley and wife, So. Whit- 
ley, $5 ; West Goshen S. S., $36.25 ; Frank- 
ton S. S., $4; New Bethel Sisters' Aid So- 
ciety, $5; Topeka S. S., $10; Emanuel 
Leckrone and wife of West Eel River 
Congregation, $5; Plunge Creek Chapel 
Sunday-school, $27.26; Walnut S. S. 
$108.86; A. H. Snowberger, Huntington, 
$1; Perry Gardner, Bristol, $30; Rock 
Run S. S., $105; Mt. Pleasant S. S., 
$22.25; Howard S. S., $31.50; New Bethel 
S. S., $8.25; Four Mile Aid Society, $50; 
Muncie S. S., $38.07; Goshen City S. S., 
$167.01; Mrs. David Rinehart and daugh- 
ter, Boston, $35; St. Joseph Valley S. 
S., $10; Pine Creek S. S., $51.50; Michael 
Andes, Middletown, $10; Burnetts Creek 
S. S., $41; Manchester S. S., $100; Mrs. 
D. W. E. of Nappanee Cong., $10; Peru 
Cong., $38.70; North Liberty Cong., $20, 1,015 65 

Mr. and Mrs. F. B. Culler, Garner, $20; 
Ressie Kanost, Sheldon, $10; Robins S. 
S., $7.75; Robins Christian Workers' So- 
ciety, $7.75; Pleasant View S. S., $66.60, 112 10 

Mrs .W. H. Sell, Fredonia, $2.50; 
Osage S. S., $16.50; H. W. Behrens and 
wife, Lone Star, $1; J. E. Peck and wife, 
Reserve, $10; Mrs. G. L. Blondefield, 
Culver, $5; Overbrook S. «., $26.87; 
Newton Cong., $6.24; Mrs. Sarah Hort- 
ing, Tescott, $2; Wm. H. Funderburgh, 
Morrill, $75; A. J. Wertenberger, Nor- 
catur, $5; Mary Ann Ulrey, Norcatur, 
$15; Kansas City Central Ave. S. S., 

$3.01, 168 12 


Roanoke S. S., 80 00 


Allen D. Hoover, Graceham, $20; Sams 
Creek S. S., $15; Sams Creek Cong., $78, 113 00 

Onekama S. S., $18.87; Grand Rapids 
S. S., $5.98; New Haven Cong., $14.66; 
Mrs. Frank Register, Byron Center, $2, 41 51 

Mrs. P. A. Rickert, Mabel, $25; Mr. 
and Mrs. D. Broadwater, Preston, $5, .. 30 00 

Nannie A. Harmon, Cold Springs, $2; 
St. Joseph S. S. $23.61; M. S. Mohler, 
Leeton, $2; A Sister of Middle District 
Mo., $5; J. H. Fahnestock and family, 

Montrose, $15, 47 61 


Sarah Clouse, Sumner, $5; Alfred H. 


The Missionary Visitor 


160 50 

71 25 

Phillips and family, $100; Jacob Martin, 
Valentine, $o0; South Loup S. S., $5.50, 
North Carolina 

Fraternity Cong., $65.25; Sister Kick- 
man, Spray, $1; Mrs. Avery Cochran, 

Golden, $5 

>ortn Dakota 

Geo. K. Miller, Cando, $50; Ellison 

S. S., $78.30 128 30 


Brother and Sister J. H. Plunkett, 
Ludlow Falls, $5; Canton City S. S., 
$25; F. G. Young, Last Akron, $20; 
Lagle Creek S. S., $64.72; Churches of 
N. W. Ohio, assembled in Thanksgiving 
Meeting at Old Folks' Home, $20; Ross 
S. S., $7; Fostoria Cong., $15; Owl Creek 
Cong., $10; Owl Creek S. S., $25; Sugar 
Creek Cong., $20; Lydia Fried, Montpe- 
lier, $5; Mr. and Mrs. J. Homer Bright, 
Union, $25; Mrs. John Flory, Union, $2; 
Katie Flory, Union, $5; Herbert B. In- 
boden, Logan, $5; D. R. Hanawalt, Ak- 
ron, $25; Middletown S. S. and Cong., 
$20.23; J. W. Shively and F. P. Cordier, 
Celina, $15; West Dayton S. S., $20.46; 
Mrs. Oliver Royer, Circleville, $5; Can- 
ton Center S. S., $60; Sarah Lawver, 
Lake, $5; Sarah Lawyer's son, Lake, 
10 cents; Bear Creek S. S., $56; Akron 
Aid Society, $5; Canton Center S. S., 
$23.42; Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Painter, 

Greenspring, $5, 493 93 


Snake Spring Cong., $12.45; A Sister 
of Conewago Cong., $20; Waynesboro a. 
S., $50; Brother and Sister James H. 
Shaffer of Upper Conewago Cong., $25; 
York Cong., $39; Sunbeam Class of In- 
dian Creek S. S., $2.50; Newfreedom rnd 
Shrewsbury Sunday-schools of Codorus 
church, $20; A Brother and Sister, Hoov- 
ersville, $5; Beachdale S. S., $21; D. F. 
Lepley, Connellsville, $100; D. E. 
Brandt, East Berlin, $250; Jesse B. My- 
er, Mechanicsburg, $5; Always Willing 
S. S. Class, Waynesboro, $25; Edna 
Hardin, Hyndman, $1; Pike S. S., 
$14.08; Elk Lick S. S., $10; Indian Creek 
Cong., $53.50; Gettysburg S. S., $13.35; 
Curryville S. S., $75; Stonerstown Cong., 
$23; Walnut Grove S. S., $219.10; Eliza- 
bethtown S. S., $25; Pleasant View S. 
S., $6; Simon P. Steele, Yellow Creek, 
$5; A Sister, Vernfield, $2; Lansdale S. 

S., $30.40, 1,052 38 

South Dakota 

Mrs. Wm. Dumpman, Montrose, $2; 
Hazel Dumpman, Montrose, 75 cents; 
Roy Dumpman, Montrose, 75 cents; A 

Sister, Montrose, $3, 


A Sister, Jonesboro, $2.50; French 
Broad S. S., $24.25; Ruth Emmert, Rog- 

ersville, $3,50 


Fairfax Cong., $23.50; J. B. Coffman 
and wife, Dayton, $4; Cedar Grove S. S., 
$6; C. D. Gilbert, Sandidges, $2.50; F. 
D. Kennett, Hardy, $5; Bethlehem 
Cong., $72.50; Brother Whitten, Brad- 
ford, $2; Christiansburg Cong., $6.25, .. 

J. W. Graybill and family of E. We- 
natchee Cong., $53; Olympia S. S. and 
Cong., $50; Thrift S. S., $10.37; A Sister, 
Wenatchee, $5; Yakima Cong., $200, .. 318 37 
West Virginia 

An aged sister in West Virginia, $5; 
M. N., Bayard, $2; Hevner S. S., $12.13; 
Pleasant View S. S. $17.51, 

6 50 

30 25 

121 75 

36 64 

Total for month, $4,489 36 


Eulalia Overholtzer, Covina, $10; Ida 

Cable, Los Angeles, $25; Mrs L. Q. 
Custer, Butte City, $15; D. Earl Bru- 
baker and wife, Hemet, $1; A Brother, 

Winters, $5, $ 56 00 


Brethren and Sisters of Bashaw, .... 15 00 

Clearwater Cong., 5 50 


Shannon Cong., $3; Mrs. B. S. Kindig, 

Onarga, $5, 8 00 


A Brother of Bachelor Run Cong., 
$10; Union Center S. S., $100; Spring 
Creek Cong., $40; Arcadia S. S., $29.50; 
A Brother and Sister, Mexico, $5; Girls' 
Junior Band of Manchester Cong., $7, 191 50 

D. F. Walker and wife, Adel, $10; 

Jemima Kob, Leon, $4, 14 00 


M. C. Coler, Norton, 100 


Jno. Rowland, Maugansville, $10; Da- 
vid R. Dotterer, Eccleston, $20; Wm. E. 
Gosnell and wife, Mt. Airy, $20; John 
E. Dotterer, Annapolis Junction, $10,.. 60 00 

Mrs. P. A. Rickert, Mabel 25 00 


Lincoln Cong 20 63 

North Dakota 

Kenmare Cong., $3.17; Ellison Cong., 

$52.25, 55 42 


Canton City S. S., $28.40; Myrtle 
Blocher, Middletown, $10; Toms Run S. 
S., $29.13; Sugar Hill S. S., $11.50; Lura 

B. Pittenger, Pleasant Hill, $10; Class 

No. 7, of Wooster S. S., $15, 104 03 


Mabel Cong., and S. S., $10; Mabel 

Cong., $5, 15 00 


Waynesboro S. S., $260.68; Spring 
Grove Cong., $72; Peach Blossom Cong., 
$39.17; A Sister, Vernfield, $2; A Sister, 
Vernfield. $2; Eld. S. Z. Witmer of Cone- 
wago Cong., $25; Codorus -S. S., $47.64; 

Rockton Cong., $20, 468 49 


A Sister, Jonesboro, $2.50; Mrs. J. J. 

Emmert, Rogersville, $2, 4 50 


H. F. Osborn, Pine Land 5 00 


Ira L. and Cora V. Garber, Mt. Sid- 
ney, $5; Chas. E. Weimer, Rocky Mount, 

$50 ; Barren Ridge Cong., $76.55, 131 55 

West Virginia 

John W. and Elva May Hevener, Hos- 
terman, 28 15 

Total for month $1,208 77 



M. Grace Miller, Riverside. $2.50; Eu- 
lalia Overholtzer. Covina, $20; Covina 
Junior League, $6.51; Waterford Cong., 
$6; A Family Thanksgiving Offering. 

Patterson, $6.50 $ 41 51 


Shannon Conjr., $5; Chicago Hastings 
St. Mission, $4.69; Waddams Grove 

Cong., $63.35 73 04 


A Brother and Sister of Walnut 
Cong., $10; A Brother of Bachelor Run 
Cong., $10; J. Ray Emley and wife. So. 
Whitlev, $5; Portland Cong., $9; "Serv- 
ants of the King " Class of Buck Creek 
Cong., $5; English Prairie Cong., $5, . . 44 00 

Mrs. W. H. Sell, Fredonia, $2.50; J. 

C. Firestone. Centropolis, $3; Katie 
Yost, Hoisington, $2; Mary Ann Ulrey, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Norcatur, $5; D. M. Eller family, $3, .. 15 50 

Glade View S. S., $6.22; Maple Spring 

S. S., $20.75 ; Accident S. S., $20.45 47 42 


Nanuie A. Harmon, Cold springs, $1; 
J. H. and Lizzie Weigle Fahnestock, 

Montrose, $5, 6 00 


Brother and Sister J. H. Plunkett, 
Ludlow Falls, $5; Myrtle Blocher, Mid- 
dletown, $10; F. G. Young, Bast Akron, 
$20; King's Volunteers' Class of Bremen 

S. S., $2.75, 37 75 


A Sister of Conewago Cong., $15; 
Snake Spring Cong., $15; Waynesboro 
S. S., $50; Spring Run S. S., $6.40; Pine 
Glen S. S. t $7.60; Hanover Cong., $63.50; 
Lititz S. S., $29; A Sister, Vernfield, $1; 
A Sister, Vernneld, 50 cents; Dessie M. 

Zeigler, Carlisle, $1.25 189 25 


Fairfax Cong., $20; J. B. Coffman and 
wife, Dayton, $5; Daleville Cong., 

$130.85, 155 85 


Seattle Cong , <*° Jl 

West Virginia 

Aaron White, Glady, 1 40 

Total for month $ 639 93 



M. Grace Miller, Riverside, $2.50; 
Brother and Siste* A. Bush, Lemoore, 

$60 $ 62 50 


Battle Creek Cong., 26 00 

Illinois mr . „ 

Chicago Hastings St. Mission, $5; Jen- 
nie Harley and Maud Newcomer, Elgin, 
$36.50; Barbara and Mary Culley, Elgin, 
$3.05; Cherry Grove Cong., $43.20; L. 

A. Walker, Mt. Morris, $10, 97 75 


A Brother of Bachelor Run Cong., 
$10; A Sister, Syracuse, $5.50; M. A. 
Barnhart, Delphi, $95; Clear Creek Sun- 
day-school, Junior Class No. 4, Hunt- 
ington, $10 120 50 


Glade View S. S., $6; Maple Spring 
S. S„ $21; Brookside S. S., 50 cents; 
Primary S. S. Class of Accident S. S., 
$8.80; John Oliver and Susanna But- 
ler Little, $3 39 30 


Woodland S. S 10 11 


Waynesboro S. S., $50; A Sister, Vern- 
neld, $1, 5100 


New Hope Cong., 12 10 

Total for month $ 419 26 



Empire Cong., $ 51 12 


Rev. J. E. Walls, Grantsville, 5 00 


Mary A. Kinsey, New Paris, $5; A 
Sister, Vernfield, 50 cents; A Sister, 

Vernneld, $1.69, 7 19 


Ira L. and Cora V. Garber, Mt. Sid- 
ney 2 00 

Total for month, $ 65 31 

Y. M. C. A. 
A Sister, Vernfield, „ $ 100 

Total for month $ 100 


A Sister, Vernfield, . % $ 25 

Total for month $ 25 


A Sister, Vernfield, $ 19 

Total for month, $ 19 

By mistake, in the December Visitor, $250 
was credited to Cooks Creek Congregation. This 
should have been credited to receipt No. 1066. 

In Memory of Anna Huffman 

Edna B. Maphis 

Dec. 28, 1890, at Tekoa, Wash., and 
died of pneumonia on Monday after- 
noon, Oct. 14, 1918, at Bethany Bible School, 
Chicago, 111. 

From childhood she was always tender- 
hearted and conscientious, and did not lack 
the courage to do what she felt was right. 
She was always a regular attendant at Sun- 
day-school, and when twelve years of age 
she gave her life to Christ and always tried 
to live out the principles of the church she 

When a very small child she used to 
dream and long for the time when she 
should be grown, and could go as a foreign 

This seemed to her, always, the happiest 
and most ideal life she could live. 

After finishing her high school work at 
Tekoa she spent four years in Bethany Bi- 
ble School, graduating from the Bible teach- 
ers' training course in 1916. It was during 
these years at Bethany that she definitely 
decided for the foreign field. She then 
went to Manchester College, where, in May, 
1918, she finished the liberal arts course. 

All through her school life Anna's main 
thought and plan was to get the best prep- 
aration possible for her chosen work. She 
was looking forward to a nurse's training 
course, which would enlarge her usefulness 
on the China field. 

As her preparation was nearing a close 
it seemed to her that real life was just be- 
ginning. But her Father saw her work was 
finished and took her home, leaving her un- 
finished task for the rest of us to complete. 

May her life lead us to consecrate our 
lives more fully to the work to which we 
have been called. 

3446 W. Van Buren St., Chicago. 










D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advis- 
ory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kansas. 



D. BONSACK, New Windsor, 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


H. C. EARLY, President. J. H. B. Williams, Secretary-Treasurer. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois. 


Friisgatan No. 1, Malmo, Sweden 

Buckingham, Ida 
Graybill, J. F. 
Graybill, Alice M. 


Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 
Blough, Anna V. 
Crumpacker, F. H. 
Crumpacker, Anna M. 
Flory, Byron M. 
Flory, Nora 
Heisey, Walter J. 
Heisey, Sue R. 
Horning, Emma 
Metzger, Minerva 
Rider, Bessie M. 
Schaeffer, Mary 
Vaniman, Ernest D. 
Vaniman, Susie C. 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 
Wampler, Rebecca C. 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G. 
Brubaker, Cora M. 
Cripe, Winnie E. 
Flory, Raymond C. 
Flory, Lizzie N. 
Oberholtzer, I. E. 
Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 
Pollock, Myrtle 
Scnger, Nettie M. 
Shock, Laura J. 

North China Language School, Peking, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Clapper, V. Grace 

Flory, Edna R. 

Seese, Anna 

Seese, Norman R. 

Wampler, Vida M. 

Wampler, Ernest M. 
On Furlough 

Bright, J. Homer, R. D. 1, 

Bright, Minnie F., R. D. 1, 

Union, Ohio 
Union, Ohio 

Hutchison, Anna, 3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 
Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 

Ebey, Adam 
Ebey, Alice K. 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian 
Hoffert, A. T. 
Mow, Anetta 
Stover, W. B. 
Stover, Mary E. 
Widdowson, Olive 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M. 
Eby, E. H. 
Eby, Emma H. 
Mohler, Jennie 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L. 

Alley, Hattie Z. 

Ebbert, Ella 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 

Pittenger, J. M. 

Pittenger, Florence B. 

Royer, B. Mary 

Swartz, Goldie 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Shumaker, Ida C. 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P. 

Garner, Kathryn B. 

Kaylor, John I. 

Powell, Josephine 
Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Arnold, S. Ira 

Arnold, Elizabeth 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 
Vyara, via Surat, India 

Long, I. S. 

Long, Erne V. 
On Furlough 

Ebv, Anna M., Trotwood, Ohio 

Lichty, D. J., Mt. Morris, 111. 

Miller, Sadie J., 3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Emmert, Jesse B., Elgin, 111., care General 
Mission Board 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Elgin, 111., care 
General Mission Board 



Please Notice — 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 3c 
for each additional ounce or fraction. 



The Forward Movement 

Some Suggestions That May 
Be of Value to You 

Plan for Systematic Giving in Your Church 
(Let us send you Sower Envelope Samples) 

Has Your Church a Missionary Committee? 

(Conference recommended this in 1911) 

j Does Your Sunday School have a Missionary Library? 

(May we not suggest a list of books for you for'this?) 

How about Your Mission Study Class? 

(Interrupted in school and church work as the season 
has been, it is no wonder if you have none) 

But it is not too late to begin 
H t— 1 1 

CJ Note the following books recommended for 1918-1919: 

~ % 


Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands, by Galen B. Royer. Contains biogra- 
phies of leading missionaries of the world, with two chapters on missions 
in general. Has been used by many classes. A splendid first book for 
study. Cloth, 50c. 

Ancient Peoples at New Tasks, by Willard Price. A new book dealing with 
industrial problems abroad. A splendid second book for class use, or for 
classes, some or all of whose students have taken " Christian Heroism." 
Cloth and Boards, 60c. 

For Careful Reading 
General Study, Formosa, Red Seal, The Black Bearded Barbarian. Keith. ^ 

Cloth, 60c. 1 

Home Missions, Purple Seal, The South Today. Moore. Cloth, 60c. 
Stewardship (" Missions in Sunday-school," in Old Course), Green Seal, Over 

Against the Treasury. Fenn. Boards, 50c. 
China ("Asia" in Old Course), Blue Seal, China's New Day. Headland. 

Cloth, 60c. 
India ("Our Fields" in Old Course), Gold Seal, Chundra Lela. Griffin. 

Cloth, 50c. 
Africa, Silver Seal, The Moffats. Hubbard. Cloth, 60c. 

Write us for our Mission Study Prospectus and Manual || 









mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmwm ^^m 

Sty? (EJjaUimg? to (Mjrtafen&mn 

HE darkness broods upon the land 
Where mourners weep and have no ho] 
Where he who goes from out this life 
Never expects to live again. 

thought have the}- of love or home — 
Their dwelling but a place to mate, 
To give their lust its brutal com 
sulk when fear or new defeat 
on their daily life its round 
Of miseries and woes fulfills. 
The evening comes and fearful sha 
Within each nook and crook abid 
They chant their prayers and wear rude 
To guard them till another day. 
When morning comes no cheers r< 
The heart; for them n© gladsome toil, 
But drudge all day to get enough 
To keep them till another day. 
This is not all, no hopes light up; 
The heart is always clothed in. dread; 
They never know true happiness — 
This world of men who know not Christ — 
The Christ Who died for all the world. 
— Fred Hollenberg. 


Vol. XXI. No. 3 

March, 1919 

1111 H 1111 " 111 IIIIUI^^^ 

■E ■ :■- " : -.-rnriTP iiii;;.-:- " : -— ~ 


The Missionary Visitor 


Contents for March, 1919 



| ?i1^ro n n\^s er secS:e^ e m r^on m r tursrbe a se„t g, .c persons who ,he y know wU. be in- 

*** terested in reading the Visitor. . *£ 

4 matter how large the donation. - , fcc ie*i».«r the *♦* 

| Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church influence „ ass s ting Ithe 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 

f be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. . v- 

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A scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. . wr ,„„ * 

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* askmg cnange oTaddress^ive odd address as well as new. Please order paper each year A 

* if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

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% Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin Illinois 

3C Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 11UJ, Act 01 j 

j» October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. A 




t Our Japanese Work, By Ina Marshburn, °° £ 

l> The Mission Sunday-school, By A. D. Helser, °* 

I Home Bible Classes, By Densie Hollinger . . , . ■ • ^ ■ ■_■••■ ^ | 

Deputation Work of the Volunteer Band, Mount Morns College, By ^ 

■f Lutie Sargent, ' •-"■•• 7 o . % 

t The World Call (Poem), By Ida Press Randolph. '* . | 

My Call to Volunteer, By Sara C. Shislcr, £> 4 

% My Response, By Ruth Royer, ' 1 

£ Why Volunteer? By E. B. Thomas • ■ • /D f 

f The Volunteer and True Happiness, By Edna A. Dotterer, /o v 

% The Beginning of Our United Band, By Anna Beahm, " 

* The Church's Inspiration, By Albert C. Wieand, // | 

I The Dynamic of College Ideals, By D. W< Kurtz .. .. ••••■•••.;!••••• /b I 

f What the Volunteer Movement Means to the Mission Board, By 4 

% Otho Winger, • • • •••••. '* 

$ The Field's Recruiting Station, By Anna Hutchison su 

f Volunteers, On! By Foster B. Statler, . %t 

X Boyhood Experiences, By Emmert. Stover .......... •■ £J 

'The Missionary's Prayer (Poem), By Merlin Miller. 84 

£ My India Pets, By Henry G. McCann, <g 

I Danish Children, By Celesta Wine, °° 

% Prete, By Kathryn Forney, 


For the Volunteers, Arranged by Ruth Forney, « 7 *| 


I i 

Volume XXI 

MARCH, 1919 

No. 3 



WHO are these volunteers? Many- 
have thought them to be a " bunch 
of idle dreamers." Others have 
looked on them as some abnormal growth 
of Christianity through which the church 
came in contact with other lands. And still 
others have thought of them as a select few 
who had a greater supply of the Spirit of 
God than other people. But whatever has 
been the thought of them we wish the read- 
ers to know that they are just ordinary 
Christians, or rather what the ordinary 
Christian should be — one who is forgetting 
his personal likes and dislikes, his conven- 
ience and inconvenience, his pleasures and 
hardships, and has said that he is willing to 
do the work of the Master where he is need- 
ed the most and where he can fill the largest 
place by doing the most good. The volun- 
teer is no better than others, but he is one 
who has the daring and the faith to believe 
that by following the Master, and not his 
own selfish wishes, the greatest results will 
come to the kingdom and to his own life. 

As the volunteers have looked over the 
needs, many have felt that the greatest need 
of the world is in the neglected parts where 
Christ is not known. The volunteer does 
not feel that there is no work at home which 
he could do, for it faces him on every hand, 
but he feels that the church has the re- 
sources, in money, men, and spiritual life, 
with which to meet the conditions, if only 
these resources which are tied up in other 
things than the Lord's work can be directed 
into the proper channels. He believes that 
the quickest way of giving the church this 
inspiration is by giving his whole life into 
ithe hands of the church, knowing that his 
going will raise up ten men to fill his place 
here at home. The response to the call of 
the lost will awaken in lukewarm Christians 
the zeal for service, and he will have 
strengthened himself by administering to 

the needs of others, as the Master said, "He 
who has found his life shall lose it, while he 
who, for My sake, has lost his life shall find 
it" (Matt. 10: 39). 

At this time, when the whole world lies 
open to Christianity, the volunteer feels that 
the life which is given over to Christ's cause 
is given thrice. For where before he was 
battling at the doors of heathendom for ad- 
mittance, now they are pressing him for his 
message, and the war-weakened forces of 
missionaries are overworked trying to satis- 
fy this great flood of searchers after the 
truth. There was never a time in the his- 
tory of the world when a life would mean 
so much for the cause of righteousness and 
when the whole world waits for constructive 
Christianity to build up the wastes of hea- 

True is the saying, " Nothing ventured, 
nothing gained," and the Christian who will 
not enlist the whole of his talents in this 
time of greatest need will find his soul 
shriveled and lifeless. The man who wishes 
to see whether Christ will win, who has no 
faith in the power of the Gospel, will find 
many things to howl about. But the man 
who, with a face turned ever forward, says, 
" By God's help we will," will continually 
find the way growing wider and the path 
brighter. God's cause will conquer! Let 
us go forward with it! " The evangelization 
of the world in this generation " be our mot- 
to, the Forward Movement a progressing 
goal. j& 


Many have asked where all our volun- 
teers are and why they do not get to the 
field sooner, but if they only knew condi- 
tions, they would have only praise for our 
force of volunteers. Many of them are 
working their way through school (for 
most of them come from homes of little 
means), and this work so cuts down their 
strength that they cannot take the school 



8RIDG r 


The Missionary Visitor 


work as fast as they might otherwise. 
Those who do get through in the ordinary 
time are so run down by the hard pull that 
they need to regain their strength before 
taking up strenuous work again. Many are 
out in schools teaching to get money to go 
on with their preparation. Others are in 
other lines of work, getting money so they 
can keep their purpose. They have not 
given up the call, but other things have 
hindered them so that some are too old 
when they get ready, and others are so in 
debt that they feel this must be paid before 
they are ready to go. They will not ask for 
help — many refuse it. They will go on do- 
ing their best, but if you who are desirous 
of seeing the work of the kingdom prosper 
wish to invest your money well, just find 
some volunteer and help him with his 
preparation. I know of no way in which 
the kingdom's interests can be multiplied 
so rapidly as by getting leaders, and they 
are worthy of your trust. 

Editor's Note: The foregoing will answer 
reasonably and honestly some of the queries 
that are constantly being raised as to why more 
visible results are not apparent at once from the 
seemingly large number of volunteers of our col-, 
leges. Can this not be remedied in a large 
raeasiye by assistance for these hard-pressed 
willing volunters? 



It is with pleasure that we acknowledge 
the efficient colaborers who have prepared 
the March issue of the Visitor. Bro. Fred 
Hollenberg and Sisters Ruth Forney and 
Pearl Grosh, all foreign mission volunteers, 
on the part of the United Student Volun- 
teers, have been the special committee hav- 
ing this work in charge. They have been 
most painstaking in their efforts, and the 
editor desires in this way to express his 
appreciation of their services. The readers 
also can express theirs by giving the art- 
icles careful reading. The editorials preced- 
ing this as well as all the articles have been 
gathered and arranged by this very helpful 

There is no organization in the Brother- 
hood whose purpose is freighted with such 
possible promise for our mission work as 
the United Student Volunteers. With their 
organization in every college, actively seek- 
ing for their membership, everyone devoted 
to a life of service, and with them aggres- 

sively fostering the life of loyalty to the 
work of the church, their value and agency 
are at once apparent. 

Whence may we expect missionaries if 
not from our volunteers? From what 
source will our trained pastors come if not 
from the ranks of our volunteers? They 
pledge themselves to serve God as He 
may direct at any time, in any place and at 
any cost. 

The General Mission Board is desirous 
of fostering every agency that makes for 
spiritual growth in the church. Its field is 
the world, and the business side of the 
whole missionary propaganda, as well as 
the spiritual, compels the use of every right- 
eous means to forward the work. The at- 
titude of our volunteers has ever been an 
inspiration, and to foster their ideals is to 
forward the church of tomorrow, on the 
foreign field, in the home church, in the 
shop and on the farm likewise where the 
" sinews " of war are gathered. 

The volunteer organization does not re- 
strict its members to any local field, either 
abroad or at home. - It recognizes that even 
a man can devote himself to the Lord and 
His work through the use of his head and 
hands in making money. But its agency 
with such a man consists in helping him to 
see that a fortune gained means that the 
Lord has gained a fortune instead of losing 
a man. — ■ 

Encouraging news comes from Bro. Gray- 
bill in Sweden. In a recent letter he says that 
a series of evangelistic meetings held this 
winter resulted in nine conversions from the 
ranks of the young — a record breaker for 
Sweden. Others are near the kingdom. 
When these nine are baptized it will mean 
a total ingathering of sixteen in Sweden this 
year, about a 10 per cent increase in the 
total membership. 

Inquiries constantly come to us concern- 
ing the Forward Movement. A number of 
leaflets will be available for general distri- 
bution before this issue of the Visitor gets 
into the hands of our readers. Write for 
them at any time. Evidences multiply that 
our people are anxious to assist in making 
this movement a success. 


The Missionary Visitor 


" What can we do for the Forward Move- 
ment? " This question is being asked. Send 
for the leaflets mentioned above. Ascertain 
from this what percentage of increase of 
gifts, winning of converts, election of min- 
isters, increase in Sunday-school attendance, 
etc., it will require in each local church to 
" go over the top " in the movement. Al- 
low a safe margin over this percentage for 
your own organization and work to that 
end. This will effectuate the success of the 
entire movement if every church does this. 

A local missionary committee is an essen- 
tial to the success of the Forward Move- 
ment. In each church there must be chosen 
some one through whom materials may be 
secured for the local church, some one to 
whom those distributing materials may ad- 
dress their correspondence, some one whose 
business it will be to foster the Forward 
Movement locally. This may safely be en- 
trusted to the missionary committee if live 
wires are selected for that place. Elect 
your committee at your first opportunity. 
Send in their names to the General Mission 
Board and to your District Missionary Sec- 

" Do you really believe that Christianity 
can save China?" asked a student of Gen- 
eral Chao at the Shansi Student Conference. 

" If Christianity can save me it certainly 
can save China," was the prompt answer. 

This splendid Chinese Christian general 
was present at the opening of the Hiel 
Hamilton Hospital at Liao Chou recently. 

" What a grand privilege it is to be a 
missionary, and to think that God let me 
come, too! " These are the words just re- 
ceived from a missionary. The world can 
be sweetened wonderfully by even a small 
body of workers who accept their tasks 
in the spirit of such an one. 

" Please do not come here for two weeks. 
We like to have you come, but you see the 
next two weeks is our special time for 
thieving and your Jesus message makes us 
desire to be honest. If you come, we shall 
not have the courage or desire to steal." 
This was the tribute paid to the gospel 
teaching by some Ahir people of Ballia, 
India, of robber tendencies. — Missionary 

Winona Lake, Indiana, June 4-6, 1919 

Among the conferences to be held at 
Winona Lake this spring, in connection 
with our Becker Bicentennial Celebration, 
none will be of more interest and possibly 
of more abiding constructive value than the 
Life Work Conference for Young People 
which is to begin on Wednesday evening, 
June 4, and close on Friday evening. Never 
have we had such a gathering. Here it is 
hoped that multitudes of our young people 
will be gathered, and speakers chosen for 
the occasion will be from among the best 
in the Brotherhood. Their messages will be 
stimulating to young folks — messages that 
will help to settle some of the questions 
concerning life work that constantly thrust 
themselves upon the attention of every 
thoughtful young man and woman. 

The germ of the idea prompting this 
conference is to be found in the spirit of 
the Lake Geneva and Northfield ideas. It 
is hoped that these conferences, to be held 
from year to year, and of which the one at 
Winona Lake is to be the first, will convey 
to the large body of our young folks some- 
thing of the inspiration, the vision and the 
spiritual help that is received only by the 
privileged few that attend these summer 
student conferences. 

The forenoons will be packed full of 
splendid addresses. The afternoons will be 
allowed more for relaxation and sectional 
conferences, with opportunities for socia- 
bility such as young folks enjoy, while the 
evenings will have something especially 
strong and gripping for the thought and 
heart of every one. Be sure and make your 
plans, young folks, to attend this First Life 
Work Conference. 

We have stressed the thought of its be- 
ing for young people. Everyone is invited, 
for the messages will be helpful and soul- 
inspiring to all. 

Note. From Student Volunteer Committee 
We regret that because of certain delays, 

articles and pictures from all the bands 

could not be printed and we are sorry to 

miss them among the number. 
" The Spirit of Jesus has made Japan 

what she is." — Count Okuma. 


The Missionary Visitor 


La Verne Deputation Team 

Our Japanese Work 

Ina Marshburn 

THE Student Volunteer in California 
surely has a wonderful opportunity 
to do missionary work, especially 
among the foreigners. We find so many 
Japanese in our midst, the majority of whom 
come with one purpose only, that of making 
money. To aid themselves in this, many of 
them are eager to learn our language. Non- 
Christians charge them from twenty-five to 
fifty cents an hour for this instruction. Here 
is the mission workers' opportunity to teach 
the language and with it the Gospel. The 
Japanese do not want something for noth- 
ing. When we tell them we are glad to 
teach them English so that we may teach 
them about our " Jesus," their curiosity is 
aroused, and they begin to feel that our re- 
ligion must be " very good," and soon have 
a desire to know more about it. They are 
easily influenced for good if they have not 
been in the wrong kind of association. They 
are often disappointed in coming to America 
to find that we are in name, but not in fact, 
a Christian nation. They are largely in- 
fluenced by the people among whom they 
live, and the Christianity that means the 
most to them is that which is lived. 

We have among our Japanese brethren 
those who came into direct contact with 

Christianity when they first landed. They 
are usually easy to reach. One boy, who is 
a good example of this class, attended our 
services the third Sunday he was in Amer- 
ica, and in less than a year he made applica- 
tion for church membership. We have those 
here too who find it hard to accept Christ 
because of Christian (?) treatment they 
have received. Silas is a representative of 
this class. Before coming to us Silas met, 
in a business way, men who were Christians 
in name. Silas observed carefully, and the 
close bargaining and unfair dealings did 
more for him than to cause him to watch 
his finances. It caused him to despise 
Christianity. When the Volunteer Band be- 
gan work in the Jap camp, Silas stood aside 
and scoffed. The workers remained faith- 
ful, and at last he became interested, decid- 
ing that perhaps there was something in 
Christianity, after all. Between five and six 
years went by and at last, after a desperate 
struggle, he yielded and he is now a whole- 
hearted Christian. Last fall he returned to 
Japan with a request for our prayers and 
also for our Sunday-school literature, as he 
hopes to win his own people for Christ. 

About two years ago the work opened up 
among the Japanese in La Verne, and dur- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing that time we have come into personal 
touch, in night school and Sunday-school, 
with about thirty-five men, nine of whom 
have received Christian baptism. The work 
here is superintended by one who, while in 
school, was an active member of the Mission 
Band. She calls on the band for assistance, 
and a number have in this way been able to 
get a larger view of life and an increased 

desire to do active work for the Master. 

Oh, let us as Christians not forget that 
our treatment of these " foreigners " will 
tell in eternity, either for or against us ac- 
cording as we have dealt. " And the King 
shall answer and say unto them, Inasmuch 
as ye did it unto one of the least of these 
My brethren, ye did it unto Me." 

La Verne College. 

Manchester Mission Chapel 

The Mission Sunday-School 

A. D. Helser 

THE Volunteer Band at Manchester 
has always made special effort to 
have each of its members in aggres- 
sive Christian work. We recognize that we 
cannot hope to be used in a large way on 
the field unless we are willing — even anx- 
ious — to be of real service in our student 
days. In our home visiting work, in the 
west part of North Manchester, we found 
many children as well as parents who were 
not attending Sunday-school, and, further- 
more, who did not know Jesus Christ as a 
personal Savior. Most of the men living 
in this section of town work in the facto- 
ries. They had their own school, but they 
did not have their own church and they did 
not feel that they were a part of any of the 
churches in the other sections of town. 
The volunteers recognized the situation 

and immediately began putting on foot a 
movement to start a Sunday-school. We 
found that the children would come, but the 
big question was where to have them come. 
A sister, living in the west part of town, 
recognized the possibilities and opened her 
home. Some equipment was purchased and 
the work was started. At first the interest 
lagged and the work became somewhat ir- 
regular. Now the volunteers began to pray 
as though the whole enterprise depended on 
God, and to work as though it all depended 
on them. As a result it was necessary to 
find new quarters for the Sunday-school. 
The next Sunday found us located in the 
back part of an old cement factory. When 
cold weather came it was necessary for us 
either to hibernate or to find a better home. 
The interest was such that it was necessary 


The Missionary Visitor 


for us to find better quarters, so a small 
three-roomed house was rented. This soon 
became too small. 

It was during 1916-17 that those directly 
interested in the work had a vision of a new 
church. At first even some of the band 
thought it too large a task. Gradually the 
sentiment grew that we should build a mis- 
sion chapel, and then the conviction came 
that we could, and we went at it. The vol- 
unteers made it a students' movement. Ad- 
joining churches and churches represented 
by wide-awake students became interested. 
The solicitation for funds began in the 
spring of 1917. Discouraging times came 
and the war hindered, but the work moved 
on because of much fervent prayer and 
childlike faith. In the fall of 1917 a good 
location was secured and in the spring of 
1918 the building was started. Labor con- 
ditions and funds were so uncertain that 
Christmas found us just completing the 

Our first plan was to construct a building 
for $1,500, but we soon found that our ideal 
was far above this. We prayed hard and we 
worked hard and as a result we have this 
building erected at a cost of $4,000. Now we 
rejoice that our vision enlarged. Our new 
mission chapel is a stuccoed structure, 32x 
44. The basement is composed of five 
rooms, the main floor of three rooms. The 
rooms on the main floor are two classrooms 
and the auditorium. Folding doors make 
the classrooms a part of the auditorium. 
The rooms in the basement are the furnace 

room; the library, prayer-meeting and pri- 
mary room; the toilets; the Junior girls' 
class and domestic science room; and the 
Junior boys' class, manual training and 
mechanical room. The library contains cur- 
rent literature, and is open one evening each 
week. The same evening the Junior boys 
and the Junior girls meet in their respective 
rooms. The girls are taught to sew. Prac- 
tical work is the main feature. Thus far 
most of the work has been patching. The 
boys are taught manual training and me- 
chanical work. 

In this community center we have seventy 
enrolled in Sunday-school, with big pros- 
pects for the near future. A number have 
accepted Jesus Christ through the influence 
of the Sunday-school. Many young lives 
are being moulded into Christian charac- 
ters. The men's class and the women's class 
are two prominent features. As we visit in 
the homes in this section of town we find 
many hidden treasures in the lives of indi- 
viduals. The experience is rich and the re- 
sults are large. We all rejoice that we 
have recognized our Father's will, and we 
find great joy in seeing Christ's kingdom 
built up in these lives. 

Manchester College. 

" Gone, let us hope, are the days when the 
whole missionary effort of the pulpit was 
stored for once-aj-year delivery in the ' an- 
nual missionary sermon.' " 



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Home Visitors at Manchester 


The Missionary Visitor 


Home Bible Class Teachers of Hebron Band 

Home Bible Classes 

Densie Hollinger 

ONE of the most helpful avenues of 
service for our Volunteer Band was 
the conducting of home Bible classes. 
With our elder we had felt one of the great- 
est needs of our congregation to be that of 
the habit of daily Bible reading by individ- 
ual members for daily food. But how to 
help them in the formation of this habit was 
our problem. We wanted to help by going 
into the homes to study with them, but could 
we find homes open to receive us? And 
could our volunteers lead such classes in 
case we found open homes? How could we 
reach the classes? We made these ques- 
tions subjects of prayer and then set to 
work. Upon investigation more homes were 
found open than we could reach and more 
than we had teachers to supply the work. 
Eleven weekly classes were soon started — 
two in a schoolhouse, the others in homes. 
Some taught from the Gospels; others from 
" Teacher Training," book 1; and some from 
the Graded Sunday-school Lessons. 

The classes were located from one to sev- 
en miles distant from the seminary. The 
typical East Virginia roads in winter months 
are not inviting for after-dark travel, either 
by car, buggy, or afoot. But Wednesday 

night found us " going out to class " with a 
spirit to conquer, and well it served us, for 
the snows of the winter of 1917-18 meant 
zest only when met with zest. But why 
should we not think of " class " evening as 
being the best of the week, knowing as we 
did that hearts and homes would be warm in 
greeting? Only one time, when we were de- 
layed on the road by a snowstorm, did we 
find the house in darkness and the occupants 
retired. We shall not soon forget the sled 
rides, nor the mud, later in the spring. 

Usually two taught in the same home — 
one class being for grown-ups and one for 
children. Most classes increased in size as 
we went on, none growing less in numbers. 
6dm e reached fifty and sixty. The timid 
often found freedom in taking part in lesson 
discussion, in song and in prayer, as well as 
in inviting others to class. A general good 
feeling prevailed; the Bread proved alike 
good to old and young. There was a delight 
found in the Law of God. 

Here are some results: The average week- 
ly attendance in all the classes was 101, the 
total attendance 2,635; 167 lessons were 
taught and 108 homes reached. In some of 
these homes none had been going to church, 
but some began to come to church service 


The Missionary Visitor 


and Sunday-school as a result of the neigh- 
borly spirit which was fostered. The way 
was opened for larger work; it was a means 
of growth to the volunteers and an aid to 

One of the most pleasing features of the 
year's work was the rally at Hebron on the 
last Sunday of the year, in which members 

of the classes took part. There were read- 
ings, verse memory contests, music, prayer, 
and talks by members of the classes, teach- 
ers and others. It was the most largely- 
attended of the commencement week pro- 
grams — one which seemed to be enjoyed by 
all. We felt that God was near. 
Hebron Seminary. 

Mt. Morris Deputation Team 

Deputation Work of the Volunteer Band, Mt. Morris College 

Lutie Sargent 

THE purpose of the band in deputation 
work is threefold; first, to acquaint 
our audiences with the needs of the 
field; second, to develop more fully the spir- 
itual life of the volunteer himself; and third, 
to develop leadership among the volunteers. 
But through it all our purpose is to dis- 
seminate the Spirit of Christ. 

In our deputation work we render mis- 
sionary programs in the surrounding 
churches within a radius of fifty miles of the 
college. Our programs are varied. Some- 
times we give a general program on mis- 
sions, using topics as the field, the worker, 
the Master. Or we might render a program 
on some particular field such as Africa, the 
country, the mission field, the African mis- 
sionary. A third type of program used is 

on some phase of mission work, such as 
•medical missions or educational missions 
and their needs. A fourth type consists of 
the biographies of missionaries of our own 
church and others. Music is used extensive- 
ly in all our programs, for the story can 
often be told more effectually by song. 

God has wonderfully blessed us in our dep- 
utation work. There is always a welcome 
given to a return program, and large offer- 
ings are received. But we believe that the 
results are farther reaching than this; for 
individuals in the churches realize the needs 
of the field, the opportunities that are within 
their grasp, but most of all the responsibility 
which rests on them. Furthermore, there is 
a common interest created between the 
churches and the volunteer. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The World Call 

Ida Press Randolph 

ONCE more the cloud of War is rent asunder, 
The carnage and the battle cry are stilled; 
And gentle Peace has touched the world with gladness, 
That all the earth with plenty might be filled. 
The risen Christ, Who long has calmly pleaded, 

Smiles brightly on His own, and bids them go 
To carry tidings of release and mercy, 
To those who of His statutes do not know. 

He bids you go to India's sunny valleys, 

Where countless millions, steeped in loathsome sin, 
Are grappling with the bony form of Famine, 

Which threatens soul and body to sweep in. 
To ancient China's large and princely province, 

Where superstition rules both mind and soul, 
Where divers gods in very rank confusion, 

Aspire to gain the missionaries' goal. 

To jungled Afric's vast expanse of forest, 

Where pigmy tribes are bowed with lifted hands, 
In waiting for the God-man and his message, 

To free them from their sin engulfing bands. 
To all the farmost islands of the sea, 

Where heathenism, sin and horror reign; 
From all this mass of utter degradation comes the plea 

Send out thy light, America, the free! 

Grief-stricken France and Belgium now in longing, 

Yet cowering 'neath their sorrow and their woe, 
Stretch feeble hands for mercy and redemption 

From e'en a more formidable foe. 
Fair Persia and Japan, in all their beauty, 

Have souls that know not of a saving grace; 
They beckon to the Christian lands with longing 

For just a glimpse of our Redeemer's face. 

O Christian friends, a better day is dawning, 

A blood-drenched world is calling for thy strength; 
The Christ Whose face was veiled in battle's dinning, 

Whose voice was silenced by the hellish sounds of war, 
Now rises o'er the world in newer beauty, 

And in a firmer, gentler, pitying tone, 
Calls to thee, and points thee to the path of duty. 

He waits! Wilt thou to thyself be true? 

The world is calling for brave souls, 

Whose hearts are strong and have no doubt 
But that He will keep His own in safety, 

Where'er He calls or sends them for His work. 
We cannot see adown the dim, unknown future; 

Our finite minds can only trust His truth; 
He beckons, ours to answer and to say, 

" I am waiting, LORD, send me! " 


My Call to Volunteer 

Sara C. Shisler 

IVE years ago, during Bible term, the 
call came to me through the appeal 
of a missionary who took me, as it 

were, to the mountain top, where I viewed 
a needy world. There was no mistake about 
the call, for my Savior, pointing to Calvary 


The Missionary Visitor 


Elizabethtown Band 

and then to the Christless millions, asked 
me the heart-searching question, " Lovest 
thou Me more than home, friends and self?" 
I had no right to withhold myself, because 
Christ's own words, " Ye are bought with a 
price," and " Ye are Christ's," clearly told 
me what I must do to be a true steward. 
Duty pointed to Christ's lambs which He 
commanded His disciples to feed. My path 
of service clearly led to some place " where 
souls are lost." 

But the barrier between home and heath- 
endom seemed insurmountable. I thought 
God was asking the hardest thing He could 
ask anyone; yet I was resolved that God's 
plan should be worked out in my life. It 
was the thought of the sacrifice of a volun- 
teer's life that made the problem so hard. 
But the more I prayed and tarried with 
Him, the smaller the sacrifice looked, until 

finally, looking through surrendered eyes, 
it was erased. I then realized that it had 
been self and not sacrifice that caused the 
struggle, and that He had been holding the 
" more abundant life " before me, waiting 
for me to do but one thing — yield my will. 

It was then that duty became privilege 
and responsibility became opportunity. It 
was then that the fullest peace was mine, 
because my life was in the path of God's 
will. Since then fellowship is much sweet- 
er, joys are much richer, and service is more 

To be real partakers of His riches and to 
serve Him as He has planned we must sur- 
render all. Every volunteer will testify with 
me, that the secret of a happy Christian life 
is, " God's will working unhindered in my 

Elizabethtown College. 

My Response 

Ruth Royer 

FROM my earliest recollections of mis- 
sionaries and mission work, to the 
time that I became a foreign volun- 
teer, there were two opposing forces at 
work in my heart. In the first place, on lis- 
tening to the sermons about the awful con- 
ditions of non-Christian lands and to the 
stories told by missionaries, I felt the call 

to help these ignorant, needy people. But 
there was a force opposing this willingness 
to serve. I always thought that mission- 
aries were queer people, who were not like 
ordinary folks; very sanctimonious, dressing 
queerly, and having strange ideas. They 
were always old people; young people never 
took an interest in such work. 


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On entering college my eyes were opened. 
Some of the most brilliant students were 
volunteers. They were the happiest stu- 
dents, always kind and considerate of their 
fellow-students. They were the leaders of 
the school. Then, too, being older, I began 
to view missionaries from a different light. 
So my idea of the missionary question 
changed, and I thought that probably in the 
dim future there was a possibility of my be- 
coming a volunteer. I put off squarely fac- 
ing the question because of being an under- 
classman and therefore having plenty of 
time to decide. 

One fall Miss Snell, one of the traveling 
secretaries of the Student Volunteer Move- 
ment, visited our college. She asked me if 
I had ever considered being a volunteer. I 
told her that I had. She then said, " What 
is keeping you from volunteering now? You 
may be an underclassman, but think of the 
influence you may have if you volunteer 
now." That remark set me to thinking 
through the question of volunteering. With- 
in a week I had fully decided the question 
and became a volunteer. I have never re- 
gretted that stand which I took. 

Juniata College. 

Why Volunteer? 

E. B. Thomas 

IT is hard for the volunteer to give any 
definite reason for volunteering or any 
specific time when he decided to go to 
the foreign field. It has been a matter of 
much thought; the sacrifices, if they might 
be termed such, are considered, and the 
many other things where conditions, such as 
they have never dealt with before, are mat- 
ters of concern. 

There comes a question in the life of every 
individual — the question as to what line of 
work he is going to follow. This question 
was of great concern to me, because for a 
long time I could not satisfy myself with 
any proposition which might advance itself, 
and although many times I thought I had 
found the work I could be satisfied with, it 
would not be long until something else 

seemed better and the energy would be 
turned in another channel. 

But all this time I had noticed how much 
real joy and pleasure it was to do some little 
thing for some one which would help him in 
some way; and then as I read more and 
heard more of the greatest need of the 
world, and of the opportunities which were 
in the world, a new desire came, that I 
might be able, in some way, to help the peo- 
ple who were less fortunate than I — just 
help others to reach a higher state of living, 
and to bring into their lives that gift which 
has brought comfort into so many lives 
who have learned to serve Him. 

As I was already in college I decided to 
make a greater effort to keep on with my 

Blue Ridge Band 


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work. I certainly feel that I have been 
greatly blessed in being permitted to con- 
tinue, for at times it seemed as if it would 
be impossible for me to return another 
year. However, I always did, and now there 
are prospects that I can go to a medical 
school next year. It has always been my 

desire to get a knowledge of medicine in 
connection with my work. 

Will the church as a whole pray for us 
that we may remain steadfast in the work 
we have chosen, and that we may be per- 
mitted to carry on our preparation in readi- 
ness to answer the call. 

The Volunteer and True Happiness 

Edna A. Dotterer 

SOME months ago a young man who 
had enlisted in the United States Army 
wrote to his parents that he was su- 
premely happy. If serving an earthly mon- 
arch brings such a state of happiness, what 
joy there must be for those who have en- 
listed under the banner of King Emmanuel, 
ever ready and willing to fight in the great 
army of which Jesus is Commander-in- 
Chief. If anyone has a right to be happy 
it is the one who does the Master's bidding. 
It is not always easy for those who have 
not had these happy experiences to believe 
that such is true. Many students look upon 
the missionary volunteer as one who is de- 
prived of much of life's pleasure, but this 
is not true. However, the one who has 
answered the call does not have time to in- 
dulge in frivolities, nor does he care to do 
so. As he gets close to God and is interest- 
ed in carrying out His plan of salvation he 
loses all love for such things. 

Such has been my experience, and I am 
more than glad to be able to testify to that 
fact. New avenues of service have opened 

to me where before I saw nothing to do. It 
has helped me to depend more upon the 
guidance of the Holy Spirit rather than any 
other source of help. I have seen the re- 
sults of answered prayer in my life, and 
my belief in prayer has been strengthened. 
The taste of real service which I have en- 
joyed has caused me to look with bright 
anticipations to the time when my entire 
time may be given for God's work in some 
needy field. I am so glad for the " For- 
ward Movement " in the Church of the 
Brethren. It means that our church has 
taken another step toward world evangeliza- 
tion. I am sure that I voice the sentiment 
of every volunteer, when I say that we are 
willing to do our best in this movement. 

We cannot be otherwise than happy with 
the great promises given us in His Word. 
Jesus says, " Go . . . and, lo, I am with you 
always." If we feel our great weakness we 
should read 2 Cor. 12: 9 and go forth with 
renewed strength, to battle with sin, relieve 
suffering, and tell the story of Jesus. 

Blue Ridge College. 

A Source of Bethany's Inspiration 

Left to Right: Sadie Miller, Anna Hutchison, Lela Moyer, Elgin Moyer, J. Homer Bright 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Beginning of Our United Band 

Anna Beahm 

FOR a number of years we have been 
hearing the cry from our own fields, 
11 Where are the volunteers?" There 
had been volunteers and Volunteer Bands, 
but there was a leakage somewhere. 

In 1913 several of the volunteers at North 
Manchester began to consider ways and 
means of forming a closer acquaintance and 
more united effort among the volunteers of 
our different colleges. Each band was asked 
to send a representative to the Conference 
at Winona. At a meeting held there officers 
were elected and a constitutional committee 
was chosen. 

This movement is known as the United 
Student Volunteers of the Church of the 
Brethren. Our watchword is, " The evan- 
gelization of the world in this generation." 
Our membership includes not only those 
who are planning on foreign work, but those 
who are planning on definite service in the 
homeland and, as associate members, those 

who are not planning on definite service but 
are ready should God lead them to definite 
service. Those of our number who are for- 
eign volunteers have signed the declaration 
of the National Movement and are affiliated 
with fhat movement. This declaration is, 
" It is my purpose, if God permit, to become 
a foreign missionary." 

Our united movement has led to more 
definite purposing in the lives of volunteers; 
it is keeping the fires burning. The leakage 
is decreasing rapidly. Our present statistics 
show that the majority of the volunteers are 
still in preparation. 

By definite purposing, definite prayer, and 
definite preparation we expect to meet the 
call of the Mission Board and the field. To 
those who are in the front ranks: "We're 
coming as fast as we can. Pray for us." 

Bethany Bible School. 

The Church's Inspiration 

Albert C. Wieand 

I AM asked to express an opinion on the 
above subject, and as I think about it, 
there are several points that stand out 
most prominently as the logical effect of 
the Student Volunteer Movement among us. 

In the first place, the very existence of the 
Student Volunteer Movement in its present 
energetic form constitutes a continual chal- 
lenge to the young people of our church. 
It makes a perpetual appeal to the young 
people to devote themselves to the work of 
the church. This would be true if nobody 
ever made any personal appeal to anybody 
else, or if no public appeals were made. The 
very fact of the existence of the organiza- 
tion would make this true. 

But if, added to this, one considers the 
appeals that are made personally by one 
volunteer for other volunteers, and the ap- 
peals that are constantly made in the public 
meetings of the Volunteer Bands, tne force 
of this will seem to be considerable. 

In the next place, one cannot help feeling 
that when the appeal is made and yielded to, 

it brings about in the thought and life of the 
young people of the church a much more 
definite purpose of giving a life of service 
and preparing themselves for the service of 
the church. 

In the third place, one cannot help think- 
ing of the inspiration that comes constantly 
to those who have such a definite purpose 
of devoting themselves to the church. This, 
of course, comes partly through association 
with others of like purpose, and partly 
through the meetings which are held and 
the studies which are carried on. Here is 
a constant stimulus to faithfulness to the 
church and the work of the church, and a 
constant help to keep the purpose already 
formed definite and true and not to let it 
fade out. 

Added to this there is the benefit of keep- 
ing in touch constantly with those who have 
a like purpose. First, they are in touch with 
those immediately in the home church and 
community, whether it be the country 
church or the city church, or in one of our 


The Missionary Visitor 


school congregations. Those who have the 
thought of serving the church in this ca- 
pacity are constantly helping each other. 
Then, also, the Student Volunteer Move- 
ment keeps these young people of one 
church in touch with those of similar mind 
in other local churches and in touch with 
all of the volunteers in the Church of the 
Brethren. And not only so, but also they 
are kept in communication and fellowship 
with the student volunteers of the other de- 
nominations in the State District, or city, or 
locality in which they live, and through 
them with the whole movement in the entire 

This cannot help but broaden the vision 
and give added stimulus and encouragement 
and intelligence in the whole thought of the 
work of missions. 

Furthermore, through this movement the 
members of the Student Volunteers are kept 
constantly in touch with the literature on 
the subject produced by the best thought 
of the entire world along these lines. And 
this is, perhaps, the source of the greatest 
help and blessing if one takes the broadest 

What all of this means to the church is 
very clear and plain. We have a larger 
number of young people who are definitely 
thinking, and purposing, and planning, and 
training for church work, especially in the 
foreign field. It is from the ranks of the 
Student Volunteers in most of the cases that 
the missionaries are selected for the foreign 

field. Indeed, I suppose it is rather rare 
that anybody is chosen for the foreign field 
who has not had this training. There is 
created thus a sentiment for foreign mis- 
sions with a stimulus even outside of the 
circle of those who are immediately con- 
nected with the volunteers, upon those who 
see their example and hear their entreaty. 

If one were permitted to suggest what 
might be added that might be of additional 
blessing to the church as a whole, one could 
wish that the same zeal, and energy, and 
wisdom, and organized united effort might 
be made for the home mission work, larger 
church extension in the home field, better 
management of the local church through 
the pastor, and better organization for the 
work, a more intelligent understanding of 
the work of the home church. 

And especially in these days does one 
think of the large opportunities along the 
lines of religious education in the Sunday- 
school and in the home. Really, this is the 
largest problem of all, and the biggest thing 
for the next generation to work out. But 
here the forces are nothing like so well or- 
ganized as for the foreign work. Here is 
where we really need more intelligent 
thought and organization, and much more 
thorough and intelligent preparation of 
those who wish to serve the church. 

And so a word ought to be uttered to en- 
courage those who are volunteers who can- 
not see their way clear to go or who have 
not felt especially called to the foreign field 
but to the home field. 

The Dynamic of College Ideals 

D. W. Kurtz 

THE Student Volunteer Movement for 
Foreign Missions has so profoundly 
affected the life of modern Christian- 
ity that everyone should know of its history 
and its significance. The leaders of this 
movement saw, a generation ago, that the 
future is in the hands of the students in our 
colleges. In a real sense, the student volun- 
teer movement began at Williams College in 
1806 at the " Haystack Prayer Meeting." 
Three students were discussing the problem 
of foreign missions, and a storm came up, 
whereupon they took refuge under the lee 
side of a haystack. Here they pledged 

themselves to the cause of the evangeliza- 
tion of the world. One of these students, 
Mr. Mills, said, " We can do it if we will." 
This movement has had a transforming 
power in our colleges. 

First, it gave the college students an 
ideal. A young student, with gifts and tal- 
ents, and with the spirit of adventure and 
self-sacrifice, does not respect Christianity 
unless it is big enough for all his talents and 
his energies. The Volunteer Movement is 
big enough for the strongest students in the 
world. It is a challenge to their heroism, 
their self-sacrifice, and their ability. This 


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McPherson Band 

movement has interpreted Christ and Paul 
and Christianity anew to this generation, 
and in terms of life and character, and he- 
roic service. As a result the best students 
of our institutions are enlisted in the cause 
of Christian Missions. 

In the second place, the Volunteer Move- 
ment has had a splendid influence upon the 
morale of the schools. The faculties and 
managements received a new vision of their 
opportunities and tasks. The world must 
be saved in this generation, and the best and 
strongest students are enlisting for this he- 
roic, unselfish service. The ideals and char- 
acter, and curricula of the schools, have all 
been affected and ennobled by the move- 
ment. But the presence of a strong Volun- 
teer Band in a college is a power and a spir- 
itual dynamic whose effects cannot be meas- 
ured. The atmosphere of the entire school 
is lifted, and life gets a seriousness and pur- 
pose which is otherwise impossible. All 
students are helped by the demonstration, 
the incarnation, in their midst, of holy 
ideals. If a college is fortunate enough to 
have a strong Volunteer Band of conse- 

crated young people, the problem of disci- 
pline is largely solved. A school can have 
no greater asset than a vital Student Volun- 
teer Movement. Such a movement means 
success. The volunteers are already in har- 
mony with the highest ideals of the school 
and the church. This is success, and success 
makes it easy for more success. 

The Student Volunteer Movement is the 
realization of the will of God in the lives of 
our young people. To have such a reali- 
zation of God's will in our schools, means 
success in attaining the hopes and ideals for 
which the schools are founded. It means 
the ennobling of all — students and faculty — 
who are associated with the schools. 

The strength of a college is determined 
by its output — its students and alumni. The 
Student Volunteer Movement has helped to 
give to the students true ideals of Christian- 
ity. It has set before them the greatest 
cause in the world, and it has won for this 
cause the noblest and most heroic students, 
and has uplifted the ideals of education and 
civilization. Happy is the college that has 
a big part in this movement. 

What the Volunteer Movement Means to the Mission Board 

Otho Winger 

Vice-President of the General Mission Board 

HE General Mission Board welcomes 
the Volunteer Movement among the 
students of our schools and colleges. 

There is a most important work for this 
movement to accomplish. It has been more 
than twenty years since the first Brethren 


The Missionary Visitor 


missionaries were sent to heathen lands. At 
that time neither the Board nor the church 
saw the large proportions to which the mis- 
sionary movement would grow. It was seen 
that there would be many difficulties ahead. 
One of these would be to secure young men 
and women for the field. But the hope and 
the belief was entertained that there would 
be many young brethren, and sisters, like 
Wilbur Stover and his wife, who would hear 
the call and dedicate their lives to this great 

Today we must confess that the response 
to the appeals for workers during these 
years has been somewhat disappointing. 
Many young people who gave promise of 
dedicating their lives to this cause have 
been turned aside into other activities. 
Many were the temptations that prevented 
them from accepting the work. Business, 
school, home advantages and the influence 
of friends all helped to block their pathway 
to those lands of need and large opportu- 
nities for service. Many of these persons 
are today working in small positions, when 
they might be in the forefront of the con- 
flict in winning the world for Jesus Christ. 

During these years there has been a great 
lack of prepared men and women who were 
willing to go. At times the Board has 
called in vain for some one to fill some of 
the places that were needing help so badly. 
Instead of having suitable persons on the 
waiting list, anxious to go, there was fre- 
quently no one in sight. Some excellent 
missionaries were secured by special appeal. 
But usually the draft method in the Lord's 
work is not a success. There ought to be 
an increasing number who are willing 

to say, " Here am I, Lord, send me.' 
The Volunteer Movement means that the 
students themselves have organized to sup- 
ply the Board with workers. The move- 
ment is born of convictions within the vol- 
unteers themselves. It aims not merely to 
get new members, but to keep alive their 
own decisions to go to the field. The dis- 
couraging feature in the past has not been 
that so few have planned to go to the field, 
but that so many of these have been turned 
aside from their purpose. A few years ago 
it looked as though the Board would be 
overwhelmed with volunteers. But we are 
here at the opening of 1919, with the world 
war just closing, with all the world on the 
move, when the most critical hour in the 
history of missions is at hand, and yet the 
Board does not have half enough prospects 
to fill the calls for the field this year. 

The Board can reasonably expect this 
Volunteer Movement to keep more of its 
members true to their purpose. Not only 
that, but the movement is making promi- 
nent the missionary cause in all of our col- 
leges, so that the very best students are be- 
ing influenced to join the volunteers. This 
is as it should be. The forward movement 
of the church in missionary work demands 
the best-talented men and women available. 
It is the most important work in the world 
and should have the best talent possible. 

The Mission Board desires to give all the 
encouragement possible to the Student 
Volunteer Movement; for the volunteers 
are giving much encouragement and sup- 
port to the Board. To them the Board 
must look for the workers, just as it looks 
to the churches for financial support. 

The Field's Recruiting Station 

Anna Hutchison 

THE Volunteer Movement, with its 
band of consecrated young men and 
women who have heard the call, and 
who have decided to answer, in person, God 
permitting, the prayer for " more laborers," 
is one with the missionary in spirit and pur- 
pose. There is a common bond of union 
and aim, the inspiration of which reaches 
even beyond the seas. The missionary 
thinks of this band and realizes that 
through its prayers and interest he has re- 

ceived special spiritual help. He feels to 
thank God for its supply of workers in the 
past, and takes courage in the prospects 
of its more abundant support for the future. 
Not a little inspiration, strength, and en- 
couragement has come to the missionaries 
as they, from time to time, have received 
letters from various members of the band. 
Sometimes when a feeling'of loneliness may 
unbidden come, these letters, in effect, bring 
us " face to face " with an old friend or in- 


The Missionary Visitor 



6 United. Student \/olunT«ers Hi 

troduce to us a new one and the loneliness 
is dispelled. Or in a moment of discour- 
agement, when difficulties and problems 
seem to pile up, one such letter imparts 
strength and courage to press on, as we 
read the message, "We are praying for 
you." Or even in our most joyful moments 
of service, that joy has been enhanced by 
the coming of these messages which remind 
us that ere long these others will be joining 
our ranks and entering into the blessed 
service of soul saving. 

Again, the band has aided the work and 
workers on the field in a material way. In- 
dividuals have been helped; special lines 
of work aided; and some missionaries partly 
or wholly supported by the home band; 
this, at times, too, with no little sacrifice on 
the part of the contributors, who at the time 
were in preparation for personal service 

And the band, with its new impetus under 
the stress of the present great world need 
and opportunity, promises even more for 
the future. The spirit of sacrifice is grip- 
ping some and they are nobly responding. 
May such a spirit permeate the band from 
center to circumference. God only knows 

what He can do in and through it, even to 
the stirring up of others. 

But even more than in a material way has 
the missionary felt confident of the aid of 
the band in the work on the field. How 
many and earnest have been their prayers 
for the work and workers! It was through 
the auspices of this band that the " Week- 
ly Prayer Hour " originated, which has led 
not only the band but hundreds of others 
to pray systematically and definitely for 
special needs in the field. And what a chal- 
lenge for just such definite prayer are the 
words of J. R. Mott: "The evangelization 
of the world depends first of all upon a re- 
vival of prayer. Deeper than the need for 
men— raye, deep down at the bottom of our 
spiritless life — is the need for the forgotten 
secret of prevailing, world-wide prayer." 
And who knows but that in that great day 
of reckoning the star of some heathen soul 
may be placed in the crown of the inter- 
cessor at home rather than in that of the 
missionary on the field, for " more things 
are wrought by prayer than this world 
dreams of." 

It is from the Volunteer Band that most 
of our recruits have come, and to it mainly 


The Missionary Visitor 


we look for our future workers. May they 
not disappoint us! Not all volunteers in 
the past have reached the field. Some have 
been providentially hindered, but these nev- 
er lose their interest in the work. They 
still help by their prayers and their means. 
Others, after having once felt the Divine 
call to this special line of work, have grown 
indifferent, and allowed unworthy interests 
to draw them away from God's " first, best 
will for them." May it not be so with the 
present and future volunteers. We have 
more confidence in them, and believe that 

the band promises to do and be more than 
ever before. We believe they realize more 
than some have the sacredness of their 
pledge, and that they are determined to re- 
main true to it unless providentially hin- 
dered. Their more definite plans for thor- 
ough and special preparation encourage the 
missionaries on the field to move out and 
undertake great things, because they ex- 
pect great things from these who shall come 
as helpers. And so the band has meant 
much and will continue to mean more to 
the work and workers on the field. 

Volunteers, On! 

Foster B. Statler 

LESS than six years ago the organi- 
zation of the United Student Volun- 
teers of the Church of the Brethren 
had its beginning. These few years have 
been years of even quite remarkable 
growth. The advance has been steady and 
constant and thus more lasting. Good has 
been accomplished. The life and thought 
of institutions have been affected. Life pur- 
poses of individuals have been changed. It 
is well that we pause for a moment, just 
now, however, take our bearings and ask a 
few questions. 

Does the Organization of the United Stu- 
dent Volunteers Have a Right to 

It is right that in seriousness this ques- 
tion be asked. There are a number of cri- 
teria, which must be met, to give any in- 
stitution a right to exist. First, does the 
organization have a worthy aim? Secondly, 
is it accomplishing that aim? 

The aim of the United Student Volun- 
teers is to enlist the young men and women 
of the church in service for Jesus Christ. 
In defense of this aim little need be said. 
It must be admitted that the aim is a worthy 
one. But how about the second criterion, 
is the aim being accomplished? Some have 
urged that there is too great a leakage; that 
too few are getting into the field of service. 
In other words, it is not accomplishing its 
aim. If this objection is unanswerable, our 
organization does not have a right to exist. 
It is true that far too few have gotten into 
active service. However, we have been 

largely sowing the seed. The fruitage shall 
come. If you and I as volunteers shall al- 
low those influences to have fruitage, if we 
shall get on the field and serve, the organ- 
ization will have a right to exist. Do you 
want it to have that right? You'll make 
it possible with your own life, then, won't 

What Are Our Present Needs? 

Our needs are many. Several of them 
must be mentioned. First of all, we need 
men. They tell us that over in India those 
who serve there have long been over- 
worked. They are holding on until others 
come to take their places. In China 
there is also such a need, perhaps not so 
great. Here at home we need pastors. In 
one District alone a dozen men could be 
placed as pastors. None or only a few to 
be found! And in the face of such facts, 
there comes the news that several of those 
who have been planning for service on the 
foreign field have been called away. And 
only a little later there comes the message 
that one who has served Him " over there " 
has been called home. Who'll take the 
places of these? We need men and women. 

In the second place, we need intercessors. 
This appeal has been voiced before. Things 
will change on the mission field; our man- 
problem and financial question will grow 
smaller if we have those who will intercede 
until it avails at the throne of God. Per- 
haps our greatest service is just this — inter- 
ceding with the Father. 


The Missionary Visitor 


What Is the Challenge of the Present 
World Need? 

Yesterday there was a beautiful Europe. 
Today, where there was beauty, there is 
ruin and desolation. Thousands are home- 
less and destitute. An unlimited opportu- 
nity for Christlike ministration! Just a 
little farther to the east there is India, beau- 
tiful but in sin and superstition. China, 
too, presents boundless opportunity. The 
next few years will determine the fate of 
that great continent, Africa, with its mil- 
lions of unredeemed. And yet again, our 
neighbor, South America, is in great need 
of the story of the cross. 

When the country called they went from 
our homes. They are now returning. We 
don't attempt to describe their hardships. 
Only they can, and yet they cannot, for the 

language of no race can express it. Some 
come back with the scars of battle, dis- 
figured with shell-shock, gas and bullet. 
But some will never return; they have made 
the supreme sacrifice on the soil of France. 
Another call comes. It's the call of these 
nations who are in such great need. It is 
Christ Who makes the call this time. At 
the former call millions made answer. At 
the latter, only a few here and there re- 
spond. The cause of the nations was great, 
but the cause of our Christ surely is greater. 
If millions are willing to give their life 
blood to free the world from wrong and 
injustice, why shouldn't there be millions 
to go out and redeem the world from sin 
and superstition? The challenge of the 
present world need is the challenge to a 
dedication of lives to this task of redeeming 
the world. 

Boyhood Experiences 

Emmert Stover 

IT was during my early boyhood days 
at Anklesvar that I was given some 
rabbits to raise. Those rabbits were, 
of course, the joy of my life. One day I 

Miriam, James and Emmert Stover 
Children of W. B. Stover 

noticed one of the old mother rabbits be- 
ginning a burrow in the corner of the large 
cage in which we used to keep them, the 
cage being more like a tile-roofed house 
with chicken wire fencing for walls. After 
digging for several days, during which time 
I watched her progress by means of a piece 
of bamboo, she turned a corner below and 
I could no longer tell what she was doing. 
But it was not so very long until she came 
out with a lot of little rabbits. How de- 
lighted I was! I used to put them very 
carefully into a large wooden box every 
night to protect them from cats, dogs, 
snakes, rats, jackals, and other things. 

One evening I noticed that one of them 
was missing. I thought of course that it 
was down the hole, so I put my hand down 
to see, or rather, feel. Something hissed 
at me and I jumped back somewhat sud- 
denly, and was so scared I started to bawl. 
I ran to father and told him there was a 
snake in the rabbit house, but he just 
laughed at me. That made me mad, and I 
got rather insistent, so he grabbed a long 
bamboo pole and came with me. Stover 
Sahib trudging across the yard with a big 
bamboo pole in hand and a rather menacing 
look was enough to make everybody in 
sight fall in line behind him, and by the 


The Missionary Visitor 


time we got to the rabbit house there was 
a fair-sized crowd. The pole was thrust in- 
to the hole and out came a cobra, not so 
very big — only about three feet long, may- 
be — but poisonous enough to have caused 
this story to be written in a different way, 
by some one else, and some time ago. Well, 
they killed it, and I felt relieved, after I 
found the little rabbit all safe and sound. 
But I have always thanked the Lord that 
He didn't let me get close enough to the 
" varmint " to get the full benefit of his bite. 

I remember with delight my first auto- 
mobile ride. I was about eight years old, 
I believe. There was an Englishman by the 
name of Mr. Franklin, who lived in Bulsar 
at the time, and he had one of those things. 
I remember the outfit yet, with its open 
front without the fore doors, the menacing 
front fenders, the buggy-shaped tonneau, 
with no top, the characteristic car of the 
1905 model. I think it had two cylinders 
— maybe only one. It was rather a large 
affair, though. I had seen Mr. Franklin go 
by in it many a time, had run out to the 
road to watch him pass, and had stood and 
enjoyed his dust and evil-smelling burnt 
" petrol " for some time. I had often want- 
ed a ride, never having had one that I re- 
membered. And then one day father said 
Mr. Franklin wanted to give me a ride in 
it. I was the only little white boy in the 
town, and there weren't any in most of the 
adjacent towns, so maybe that was the rea- 
son he was interested in me. Well, I went 
out on the day appointed, and swung on the 
gate for several hours, waiting for the auto. 
Of course when it did come I first tried to 
get in on the wrong side, and how afraid 
I was to run in front of the thing and get 
in on the other side! But I finally got in 
and perched comfortably beside Mr. Frank- 
lin, and the thing started and away we 
went! We rode for about ten miles alto- 
gether, and how well I enjoyed it! We 
went on roads that he had not been over 
very often, and how much fun it was to see 
most of the natives running for dear life 
when they saw the machine coming! Only 
a few had courage enough to stand and 
take our dust and watch us. Chickens flew 
in every direction, not stopping to carefully 
cross the road just in front of the wheels 
as they do here; dogs fled howling, cows 

bawled, crows cawed. What a wonderful 
ride it was! Still, when I stop to think 
about it, if a 1905 model car were to drive 
through Chicago, there would be more than 
one who would stop and look. Only too 
soon we got home again, and then what 
stories I had to tell to the folks about my 
ride! And I guess I shall never forget it, 
either. ^ 

Merlin Miller 
For open hands we pray, O Lord, 

For hands that gladly share 
The good things Thou hast given us 

With those who need our care; 
For hands unmoved by selfishness, 

For hands unstained by greed, 
But hands that give with lavish love 

To every human need. 

For open arms we pray, O Lord, 

For arms that reach out wide 
To gather in the homeless waifs 

And fold them to Thy side; 
For arms that welcome youth's warm love, 

The aged, with their care, 
And give to all a tender touch 

In sympathetic prayer. 

For open hearts we pray, O Lord, 

For hearts that know no bound 
Of race or creed or wealth or fame 

Wherever man is found; 
For hearts as broad as human kind, 

As deep as human woe, 
For hearts that show a Christlike grace 

And with His love o'erflow. 
For open hands, for open arms, 

For open hearts we pray, 
That we may live as Jesus did 

A life of love alway. 

" We need to ask ourselves whether the 
real weakness of the missionary movement 
is so much the inadequate supply of mis- 
sionaries and of funds, as the absence in the 
church of an overmastering moral passion 
for the establishment of justice, mercy and 
brotherhood. If the church would believe 
utterly in the reign of God, in His purpose 
of love to all mankind, and in the universal 
obligation of the Christian ideal of brother- 
hood, it would at a bound take a foremost 
and unquestioned place among the living 
forces of the world." — J. H. Oldham. 

" We owe it to our missionaries that the 
whole region of South Africa has been 
opened up." — London Times. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Our Band Members Who Nursed the Sick During the " Flu " Epidemic 

My India Pets 

Henry G. McCann 

AS you know, all boys and girls like to 
have pets. My favorite one was a 
dog that a kind friend, Jimmy Sahib, 
sent me. He was a Scotch terrier, white 
with black spots on his ears and with a 
crooked tail. He had a good pedigree, and 
so meant more than the ordinary dogs of 
the jungle. His name was Dixie, and there 
was no end to Dixie's tricks. He was a 
good watchdog and kept all intruders and 
jackals away. 

Another pet which I, as well as the na- 
tives, loved was a young deer. Some poor 
native who had captured it and was needing 
money sold it to us. We fed it on milk, 
much the same as you children feed your 
pet lambs in America. 

In India there are great flocks of wild 
parrots which help to destroy the farmer's 
crops, as the crows do. One day a native 
brought a young parrot to the mission 
house. He was bought for four annas, or 
eight cents. He was a real green, "jungly" 
bird, but, being well cared for, became a 
finefellow. He learned to talk English and 
Gujerati and could call father's name. He 
often would say, " Polly wants a cracker." 
He could laugh and cry and do much jab- 
bering like your parrots do in America. 
When he became angry he would scratch 
and bite. 

There was another bird that I wanted for 

a pet; he was a wise old fellow. Once dur- 
ing the cool season I was allowed to roam 
over the compound by myself, minus my 
usual protector, "JeBhai," who usually ac- 
companied me to see that I always wore 
my sun topie, or in other ways was not ex- 
posed to the India sun. While I was en- 
joying this freedom I spied Mr. Owl. Not 
being used to visitors in the daytime he 
was as much frightened as I was, and took 
sudden leave. He flew across the compound 
towards the village, near Anklesvar. By 
that time he attracted a crowd of natives, 
and I, too, decided to join the crowd. There 
was quite an excitement, as he was the big- 
gest owl that had ever come to town. The 
natives were rushing around with long bam- 
boo poles with wire snares at the end, and 
after some effort finally captured him. I 
of course had some claim on him, so they 
brought him to the bungalow to show to 
the sahib, as they called my father. They 
put a big price on him and it was decided 
that they might have him. 

There were always monkeys on hand to 
give fun and amusement to a boy. Once a 
whole group of them went through the bed- 
room in which I was trying to take my aft- 
ernoon nap. And you surely would have 
thought that " the goblins will get you if 
you don't watch out." 

Bridgewater College. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Danish Children 

Celesta Wine 

WHEN we think of a foreign country 
we usually think of it as being 
very much different from our own. 
This is true in a number of instances, but 
in a country like Denmark the similarity is 
greater than the difference. There are, 
however, several practices in Denmark that 
make life interesting there. 

Politeness is a very prominent virtue 
among the Danish people. " Thank you " 
is used extensively, and a gentleman always 
removes his hat when entering a building, 
be it a residence or a place of business. He 
tips his hat to his gentlemen as well as his 
lady friends or acquaintances. Children 
must pattern after their elders and are 
taught politeness and respect for them as 
soon as they can be taught at all. If a 
child meets a lady or gentleman who is a 
friend of its parents or its teacher or anyone 
with whom it is acquainted, it makes a 
quick bow. This bow is made by placing 
one foot forward and then bending the knee. 
This act is very pretty, when correctly per- 
formed. Children are supposed to continue 
to do this until they are about fourteen or 

The people are also very hospitable. The}' 
insist on your calling on them, and if they 
are at home they always seem to be glad 
to see you. You must never leave the house 
without at least drinking a cup of coffee 

with them. They have their meals more 
frequently than the Americans, but do not 
eat as .much at one time. Children are sel- 
dom allowed to eat with the grown-ups un- 
til they are well trained in etiquette. They 
must eat in the kitchen or nursery. 

The games played by the children are 
similar to those played by little Americans. 
The Danes play just as enthusiastically as 
American children do. They do not know 
much about roller skating, but know more 
about ice skating than the average American 
child. Swimming is another sport engaged 
in. Children, sometimes as young as four 
and five years, swim like little ducks, and 
to be able to dive at the age of seven years 
is not unusual. 

The youngsters enjoy their school work 
in the same way American boys and girls 
do. They must attend school six days out 
of the week instead of five, and their sum- 
mer vacation is not very long. They finish 
their work at an early age. They are usual- 
ly quite intelligent and have their lessons 
well learned. 

They are strong, and as a rule they have 
blue eyes, light hair, and either very ruddy 
or very sallow complexions. I know that 
little American boys and girls will join me 
as I wish the little Danes successful and 
happy futures. 


Kathryn Forney 

WHEN I was a little girl in India I 
went to Sunday-school every Sun- 
day. But there is only one Sun- 
day that I remember well. I was three 
years old and I had a little Hindu girl friend 
about my age. I believe her name was 
Prete. Sunday-school was dismissed. The 
little church room was filled with Hindus 
sitting cross-legged upon the ground. 
Preaching was begun, but Prete and I got 
tired before it was out and we stole out. 

There was a fountain in front of our 
home, so we made for that and began play- 
ing around it. It was only a few minutes 

until splash! and in fell Prete. She wasn't 
any more frightened than I was, for here 
she might drown, and then, too, we had run 
away from church. I took hold of her hand 
and tugged and tugged, but I couldn't pulE 
Prete over the side of that fountain. The 
water was hardly up to her waist, hut the 
side of that fountain that I tried to pull her 
over seemed to be as high as a mountain. 

" Can't you step out, Prete? " I begged. 

" No," she shivered, and of course she 
couldn't. I thought hard and finally decided 
to run and tell my father. So I ran and 


The Missionary Visitor 


whispered, " Papa, Prete fell in the well. 
Come quick; get her out! " 

" Our big well out here? " he asked, mean- 
ing the deep one where we got our drinking 

" Oh, no, the fountain," I said. 

" Well, wait," he said, " till we get out." 

" How terrible," I thought, " to wait till 
church is out!" But I ran back to Prete, 
who was still dripping in the fountain, and 
together we waited for the people to come. 

They came finally and with them her fa- 
ther. He picked her up, and what did he 
do but break off some long, slender, heavy 

leaves from a plant growing beside the 
fountain, and then he spanked her right 
there in front of every one! It was certain- 
ly not right, I thought, and her father was 
not a good one at all. But I was afraid that 
I might be spanked, too, for the old Hindu 
ladies were standing around shaking their 
heads and saying, " She ought to have one 
too, she ought to have one too." 

I finally fled up the steps of the veranda 
and into the house, hearing that threat of 
the women all the time. I never got one, 
but I don't believe Prete and I ever ran 
away from church again. 

" Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest 
that He thrust forth laborers into His 

March 2-9.— A WEEK OF PRAISE. 

Christian nations prayed for open doors — 
here is the answer! 

Thibet thrown open. Japan seething with 
religious unrest. China, in political dif- 
ficulties, calling for Christian forces. 
Nigeria's mass movement toward Christ 
equaling that of Korea, Uganda, and In- 
dia. South and Central Africa in pos- 
session of democratic nations. Growing 
religious tolerance in the Balkan states. 
Latin America has new hunger for re- 
ligion, and calls for Christian teachers 
in her colleges. Russia's political and 
religious chaos is a challenge. 

" It is a mistake to put your head through 
a door that the Lord has closed to you; 
it is a sin not to enter one He has opened." 

March 10-17.— " THY KINGDOM COME." 

Pray that spiritual life and power become 
a reality among Christians at large, and 
thus a true basis be laid for organiza- 
tion of Christian forces for success of 
the organized campaign to direct men and 
women to the call of the kingdom for the 
dedication of many lives to definite re- 
ligious service, that Christianity become 
not simply a reform movement, but a 
REGENERATION to all peoples. 

For the Volunteers 

Prepared by Ruth Forney 

March 18-24 


" There are 2,500 less missionaries than 
there were before the war, and recruits 
must save those who are breaking under 
the strain."— Dr. J. R. Mott. 

Pray that volunteers in our colleges, 
churches, and camps remain true to their 
highest purpose- 
Volunteers, prepared to go but taking up 
secular work, be thrust forth to the fields. 

The burden of an unevangelized world be 
laid on the hearts of more young people. 

Volunteers be directed aright in their lives 
of preparation. 

Pray for six men for India this fall. 

March 25-31.— VOLUNTEER ACTIVI- 

The large number enrolled in Mission 
Study is a matter of praise. 

Pray for the leaders of these classes. 

Pray that deputation teams give stirring 

Pray for large blessings upon the Y. P. 
Life's Work Conference. 

Back the " Forward Movement Program " 
with your intercession. 

The king of Siam has stated that "Amer- 
ican missionaries have done more to ad- 
vance the welfare of my people than any 
other foreign influence." 


The Missionary Visitor 



The $3.40 credited to Dow A. Ridgely, Southern 
Illinois, World-Wide Fund in the February Vis- 
itor should be $1.39 instead. This makes the total 
for World-Wide for the month $2.01 less than 

The Unknown $29.92 in the February Visitor was 
given by the Scalp Level church, in Western Pa., 
and belongs to the India Native Worker Fund in- 
stead of the World-Wide Fund. This will decrease 
the December World-Wide total by $29.92. 

The $7.00 in the Widows' Home Fund printed 
in the January Visitor and credited to Ellen Moss 
should have been credited to the Christian Work- 
ers' Society at the Fairview church. 

During the month of January the Board sent 
out 155,730 pages of tracts. 

During the month of January the Board received 
the following contributions to its funds: 


Virginia— $926.87 

Northern District, Congregations 

Cooks Creek, $78.93; Greenmount, $42.20; 

Mill Creek, $34; Unity, $23.10, $ 178 23 


Margaret V. Frederick (deceased), $353.13; 
John H. Kline, $5; H. R. Mowry, $1; Mrs. 
J. G. Kline, $1; Mrs. D. S. Neff, $1.50; Mrs. 
David W. Wampler, $2; D. M. Good, $2.50; 
S. L. Huffman, $1.20; Mary Smith, $1; Em- 
ma Southall, $1; Catharine Wampler, $3; J. 
A. Hinegardner, 50 cents; Benj. Cline, 50 
cents; Sarah A. Knicely, 25 cents; D. R. 

Miller, 25 cents, 373 S3 

Eastern District, Congregations 

Fairfax, $100; Nokesville, $36, 136 00 


F. N. Weimer, $19.36; J. M. Garber, $2.40, 21 76 
First District, Individuals 

Jno. W. Layman and wife, $100; J. B. 
Spangler, $25; W. F. Rogers, $10; Mother 
and Little Ones, $7; Mrs. M. A. Riner, $1,.. 143 00 
Second District, Individuals 

Wm. H. Sipe, $10; Lethe A. Liskey, $1.20; 
S. T. Glick, $1; N. A. Evers, $1; Chas. A. 
Wampler, $2; O. D. Simmons, $10; Samuel 
Garber, $6; Jane and Mary Zimmerman, $10; 
S. A. Garber, $1; S. I. Stoner, $3.70; Jas. R. 
Shipman, $1.50; Salome A. Gochenour, $1; 
Jno. S. Flory, $1.50; E. D. Kindig, $1; Madi- 
son and Catherine Wine, 50 cents; M. D. 
Hess, 25 cents; S. N. Wine, 25 cents; Bessie 
V. Wampler (per names sent), $3.30; D. C. 
Cline, $1; Mrs. P. J. Craun, 50 cents; J. H. 
Cline, $1; S. Frank Cox, 50 cents; John L. 
Driver, $1; Nannie O. Humbert, 50 cents; 
Jno. D. Huddle, 30 cents; A. B. Glick, 50 
cents; Mattie V. Caricofe, 50 cents; Bettie 
E. Caricofe, 50 cents; A. S. and M. S. Miller, 

25 cents; Nannie J. Miller, 50 cents, 62 25 

Southern District, Individuals 

Pauline Nolley, $10; T. S. Moherman, $1.80, 11 80 
Pennsylvania— $1,107.87 
Western District, Congregations 

Pittsburg, $36.05; Manor, Penn Run House, 
$22.75; Pleasant Hill, $10; Mt. Union, $9.25, 78 05 

Class No. 2, Garrett, $10; Class No. 4, 
Garrett, $8.93; Class No. 5, Garrett, $3.50; 
Class No. 6, Garrett, $2.05; Willing Workers 
Class, Berkey, $25; Ligonier, $6; Class No. 

2, Beachdale, $50 105 48 


H. L. Griffith, $13; Samuel C. Johnson, 
$35; Sallie A. Helman, $30; Herman Rum- 
mel, $5; Chas. C. Brown, $10; W. H. 
Koontz, $5; Galen B. Royer, $1.40; M. W. 
Reed, $5; J. W. Rummel, $2; Thos. Hardin 
and family, $1; B. C. Whitmore, marriage 
notice, 50 cents 107 90 

Middle District, Congregations 

Leamersville, $20.37; Roaring Spring, 

$10.35, ? ....*[ 30 72 


Bible Class, Curryville, $10; Primary Dept., 

Leamersville, $5; Roaring Spring, $5, 20 00 

Aid Society 

Leamersville, 10 00 


Frank Myers, $50; Jerry Klepser, $20; 
Mary A. Kinsey, $10; T. T. Myers, $1.50; 
Geo. S. Myers, $1; Annie E. Miller, $5; J. 
R. Stayer, $3; J. C. Stayer, $3; James C. 
Wineland, $1; Isaac Replogle, $1.20; Jno. 

Snowberger, $3, 98 70 

Eastern District, Congregations 

Lititz, $74.07; Mountville, $50.70; West 
Green Tree, $62; Peach Blossom, $50; Tulpe- 

hocken, $63; Spring Grove, $19, 318 77 


Skippack, Mingo Cong., 19 56 


Andrew Grimes, $10; Mrs. Tinna Rentch- 

ler, $5; Henry R. Gibbel, $2.40 17 40 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Pennersville, 8 00 


D. E. Brown, $10; Jos. Fitzwater, $3; Chas. 
W. Reichard, $3; J. J. Oiler, $30; Fannie 
Herr, $1; Eliz. Bushman, $1; Mrs. Mattie F. 

Hollinger, $1; Arthur Myers, 75 cents, 49 75 

Southeastern District, Congregations 

Germantown, $83.68; Coventry, $50; Norris- 
town, $31.86; Upper Dublin, $5; Bethany 

Church, Phila., $19 189 54 


A Sister, $50; A. H. Mohr, $3; Washington 
Strauser, $1, 54 00 

Indiana— $704.65 

Northern District, Congregation 
New Paris, $300; Shipshewana, $22.51; 

Plymouth Union Church, $9.64; Bethany 

Cong., $25; Yellow Creek, $25 ::.... 382 15 

Camp Creek, $10.41; Young Boys Class, 

Salamonie, $2.40, 12 81 

A Brother and Sister, $15; Christian 

Stouder, $5; Mary Lammedee, $2.50; Daniel 

B. Hartman, $2; Jacob B. Neff, $5; H. B. 
Dickey, marriage notices, $1; Melvin D. 
Stutzman, marriage notice, 50 cents; Chas. 

C. Cripe, marriage notice, 50 cents; Enos 
W. Bowers, $1; Clarence F. Troyer, $5; 
the Haines Family, Middlebury, $50; Samuel 
Stockman, $5; Elizabeth Hay, $5; Mrs. Lillie 
Miller, $2.35; In Memory of Cecil Vernon Fi- 
fer, $2.13; Isaac Berkey, $1; Samuel E. 
Good, $1; Melvin D. Neff, $10; Elias and Ra- 
chel Fashbaugh, $9, 122 98 

Middle District, Congregation 

Manchester 58 73 


Flora, $37.06; Bible Class, Peru, $15.75, .. 52 81 

Daniel Karn, $2.50; Jno. W. Hoover, $1.25; 
James Himelick, 50 cents; Wm. H. Harter, 
$1.25; Lucinda Humberd, $2.50; Wm. M. 
Eikenberry, $1; Walter Balsbaugh, $5; Isaac 
L. Schultz, $1.20; Odis P. Clingenpeel, $2; 
M. E. Miller, $1; David Bower, $1; Dr. M. 

D. Callane, $1; Mr. and Mrs. Herman Lan- 
drum, $13.52; Jno. H. Cupp, $1; Jno. E. 
Miller, 50 cents; Mr. and Mrs. Menno Har- 
ris, $16.50 5172 

Southern District, Congregation 

Muncie, 4 35 


Phoebe Lee, $10; Jno. Herr, $3; Wm. N. 
Stout, $5; B. F. Shill, $1; Chris Cripe, 
10 cents, 19 10 


The Missionary Visitor 


Ohio— $463.74 

Northeastern District, Congregation 

Canton City 28 94 


Freeburg, 253 70 


Sarah A. Dupler, $15; A Bro. and Sister, 
Hartville, $25; Wm. Domer and Son, $21.75; 
Sadie Moherman, $1; John Dupler, $1.20; 
Sarah A. Dupler, 38 cents; A. F. Shriver, 

$1.50; Geo. Hartsough, $5 70 83 

Northwestern District, Congregations 

Pleasant View, $13; Fostoria, $2 15 00 


J. R. Spacht, $5; T. A. Sellers, $1.50; L. E. 

Kauffman, $1.20, 7 70 

Southern District, Individuals 

Levi Stoner, $15; Emanuel Shank, $1.50; 
Chester A. Beighley, $1; W. H. Folkerth, 
$1.20; Hugh Miller marriage notice, $1; Ira 
H. Frantz, $50; N. D. Groff, $11.07; Eli Nis- 
wonger, $1.20; W. C. Teeter, $1.20; Jesse K. 
Brumbaugh, $1.20; Jno. H. Rinehart, $1.20; 
Mrs. Sarah Stover, $1; F. A. McGuire, $1, 87 57 
California— $542.95 
Northern District, Individuals 

Abbie Miller, $5; U. S. Blough, $4; T. N. 

Beckner, $2.60; Sarah J. Beckner, $1, 12 60 

Southern District, Congregations 

Covina, 366 00 


South Los Angeles, 109 35 


Elizabeth Bowman (a dear grandma), $10; 
I. G. Cripe, $5; D. L. Forney, $3; Elizabeth 
Forney, $9; Edmund Forney, $3; David Blick- 
staff, $5; Mrs. M. Myers, $5; J. P. Dickey, 
$1; S. Bock, $6; Mary M. Hepner, $5; Mrs. 

Elizabeth Minnich, $3, 55 00 

Illinois— $437.08 

Northern District, Congregations 

Elgin, $20.40; Pine Creek, $7.50, 27 90 


Elgin, $1.10; Live Wire Class, Hickory 

Grove, 50 cents, 1 60 


Levi S. Shively, $5; Jno. C. Lampin, $10; 
A Christian Friend, $2; Mary C. Fisher, 
$5; J. S. Rodeffer, $64.78; Olive D. Lahman, 
$30; Wm. R. Thomas, $1; Wm. Wingerd, 
$12; Collin Puterbaugh, $5; E. P. and Alice 
Trostle, $5; Elias Weigle, $5; W. R. Bratten, 
$5; A. L. Moats, $1.20; Ezra Flory, 25 cents, 151 23 
Southern District, Congregations 

Virden, $54.35; Woodland, $36.50; Girard, $5 95 85 

D. C. McGonigh, $2.50; Elizabeth Henricks, 
$5; Betta Kindig, $25; B. S. Kindig, $100; 
Frank Etnoyer, $25; Mary Hester, $2; I. 
J. Hershberger marriage notice, 50 cents; 
S. S. Blough, marriage notice, 50 cents,.... 160 50 
Iowa— $458.50 
Northern District, Sunday-school 

Greene Home Dept., 3 00 


G. A. Moore, $50; Mrs. Conrad Messer, 
$25; Mr. and Mrs. David Brallier, $10; E. 
M. Lichty, $3; C. A. Shook, $2; A. P. Blough, 
$6; Louise Messer, $2.50; Hannah Messer, 
$6; Conrad Messer, $2.50; I. W. Blough, 
$12; Mrs. Edward Zapf, $5; S. L. Doak, 
Admrx., C. Frederick Estate, $4; Elizabeth 
Albright, $5; L. W. Berkey, $50; Mrs. D. 
R. Baldwin, J5; H. C. Sheller, $10; Julia A. 
Sheller, $2; T. L. Kimmell, $2; J. S. Hersh- 
berger, $1.50; Samuel Fike, $12; J. S. Zim- 
merman, marriage notice, 50 cents, 216 00 

Middle District, Individuals 

Edwin L. West, $201; Melissa Longhenry, 
$10; Daniel Fry, $3; Elizabeth Fahrney, 
$2.50; Lydia Ommen, 50 cents; Mrs. Vinton 

Artz, 50 cents, 217 50 

Southern District, Congregation 

Liberty ville 14 00 

Missouri— $281.35 

Northern District, Congregations 

Wakenda, 171 50 


Mrs. C. H. Dukes, $2.80; Ruth A. Pulse, 

$4 6 80 

Middle District, Individuals 

E. M. Mohler, $38; T. C. Peterson, $27.55; 
O. P. Hoover, $6; Nannie C. Wagner, $2.50; 

Wm. H. Wagner, $2.50, 76 55 

Southern District, Individuals 

C. W. Gitt 26 50 

Louisiana— $205.00 

R. M. Harris, $200; John Metzger, $5, .... 205 00 
Kansas— $262.62 
Northeastern District, Congregation 

Ottawa, 50 00 


J. W. Mosier, $30; Enoch Derrick, $1, .... 31 00 
Northwestern District, Individuals 

O. C. Albin and wife, $15; Roy A. Crist, 

$2, 17 00 

Southeastern District, Congregations 

New Hope, $50; Verdigris, $15.51, 65 51 

Southwestern District, Congregation 

Monitor, 8 00 


West Wichita, 1 11 


J. D. Yoder, $50; E. J. Frantz, $40 90 00 

Maryland— $201.02 

Western District, Individuals 

Jesse C. Merrill and wife, 5 00 

Middle District, Congregation 

Welsh Run, 62 51 


Mary L. Stouffer, $2.50; Barbara E. Stouf- 

fer, $2.50; Susanna M. Newcomer, $2, 7 00 

Eastern District, Congregations 

Pleasant Hill, $74.75; Meadow Branch, 

$18.36 93 11 


Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Stump, $10; Annie R. 
Stoner, $15; Jno. D. Roop, $3; Besse E. 
Weigle, 40 cents; Westminster Mission 
Study Class, In Memory of Chas. Roy^r, 

$5, 33 40 

Idaho— $162.27 

Twin Falls, $68; Winchester, $20.55, .... 88 55 

Mrs. Elizabeth Ullery, $55.69; A. C. Thomp- 
son, $10.03; Mrs. H. E. Bradley, $3; L. Clan- 
in, $2; D. L. Johnson, $1; Mrs. E. C. Zim- 
merman, $1; Russell Brockus, $1 73 72 

Michigan— $13.60 

Thornapple, 7 70 


J. C. Harrison, $1.20; Mrs. C. H. Lee, $1; 
Joseph Robison, $1; Mrs. H. C. Lowder, $2; 
Mrs. Alex. Burrell, 50 cents; J. O. Cook, 
20 cents 5 90 

West Virginia— $142.85 

First District, Congregations 

Brick Church, Greenland, $18.15; Knobley, 

$16.45; Bean Settlement, $3.50, 38 10 


Poplar 2 00 


W. W. Bane and wife, $100; Beulah C. 
Cosner, $1.75; Stella A. Cosner, $1, 102 75 

Washington— 108.50 


Loomis, 80 00 


J. R. Hixon, $15; Sister in Stiverson Cong., 
$11; Mrs. Mary King, $1; C. E. Inks, $1; 
Ernest J. Cline, 50 cents 28 50 

Nebraska— $201.51 


Beatrice, $108.50; South Beatrice, $62, .. 170 50 

Birthday Offering, Lincoln, $8.01; Beatrice, 

$20 28 01 


A. L. Kilmer, 3 00 

North Carolina— $100.00 

Melvin Hill, 100 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


North Dakota— $73.00 


M. P. Lichty, $60; Henry Kile, $5; Eliza- 
beth Kile, $3; A Brother and Sister, $5, .. 73 00 
Oklahoma— $47.05 

Washita, 24 80 


Receipt No. 41977, $18.25; J. S. Merkey, 

$2.80; Wm. P. Bosserman, $1.20, 22 25 

Texas— $59.00 

H. D. Blocher, $50; Mr. ajid Mrs. H. F. 
Osborne, $5; Mrs. A. Rupp, $3; Bro. and 

Sister Joiner, $1, 59 00 

Montana— $43.00 

Grand View, 33 00 


Jos. D. Reish and wife, 10 00 

Tennessee — $20.10 

Beaver Creek, 6 10 


Will C. Young, $13; Mary Loyd, $1, 14 00 

Minnesota — $5.66 

Young People's Class, Nemadji, 3 66 


David F. Landis, $1.50; J. A. Eddy, mar- 
riage notice, 50 cents, 2 00 

New Jersey— $25.00 

Anna Hudack, 25 00 

Nevada— $10.00 


S. Beegley, 10 00 

Oregon— $5.00 


A Brother and Sister, Portland Cong., 
$3; A. E. Troyer and wife, $2, 5 00 

Arizona— $8.90 

Christian Workers 

Glendale, 8 90 

Colorado — $6.50 


Joel O. Bowser, $2.50; Mrs. Lohmiller, $2; 

Mrs. H. M. Long, $2, 6 50 

Florida— $6.00 

H. M. Shallenberger, $5; J. M. Lutz, $1, 6 00 

New York— $4.13 


Sister Straus' Class, Brooklyn, 3 13 


Mrs. Estella Bissell, 100 

New Mexico— $3.00 
Christian Workers 

Clovis, 3 00 

Arkansas — $1.40 

Lucy Blackquell, 140 

Unknown— $1.11 

Item No. 1, $1; Item No. 2, 11 cents, .... 1 11 

Total for the month, $ 6,631 23 

Previously reported 107,652 32 

For the year so far, ,....$114,283 55 

Kansas— $80.00 

Northeastern District, Individuals 

Frank Hoover and wife, $ 50 00 

Southwestern District, Individuals 

N. F. Brubaker, $25; J. D. Yoder, $5 30 00 

Ohio— $35.00 
Northeastern District 
Aid Society 

Owl Creek, 25 00 


Elizabeth Toms, 10 00 

Virginia— $17.46 

First District, Sunday-school 

Chestnut Grove, 16 46 

Northern District, Individual 

Emma Southall, i 00 

Pennsylvania — $13.95 

Western District, Sunday-schooi 

Class No. 7, Garrett, 68 cents; Class No. 

8, Garrett, 27 cents, 95 

Middle District, Sunday-school 

Snider Cross Roads, Woodbury Cong., 10 00 


Mrs. Hannah Puderbaugh 3 00 

Indiana— $5.00 

Northern District, Individual 

David Metzler, 5 00 

California — $2.50 

Southern District, Individual 

Nancy D. Underhill, 2 50 

Maryland— $2.00 
Western District 

Jesse C. Merrill and wife, 2 00 

Total for the month, ; $ 155 91 

Previously reported, 1,56137 

For the year so far, $1,717 28 


Pennsylvania — $420.76 

Western District, Congregation 

Jacobs Creek, $ 4100 


Pike, Middle Creek Cong., $20; Maple 
Glen, $16; Fairview, $14.04; Primary Class, 

Hostetler, $4, 54 04 

Aid Society 

Meyersdale, 30 00 


A Brother and Sister, Manor Cong., 25 00 

Middle District, Sunday-schools 

Williamsburg, $30; Y. M.'s Bible Class, 

First Altoona, $12.50, 42 50 

Christian Workers 

Spring Run, 20 00 

Aid Society 

Koontz 25 00 


Ella Stine, 25 00 

Souther^ District, Sunday-school 

Buds o'f Promise Class, Carlisle 12 50 

Eastern District, Sunday-school 

Lititz, 60 72 

Southeastern District, Congregations 

First Philadelphia, $20; Green Tree, $25, 45 00 


Primary Dept., Parker Ford, 20 00 

Christian Workers, Parker Ford, 20 00 

Indiana — $66.11 

Northern District, Sunday-schools 

Golden Anchor Class, New Salem, $25; 
Two Classes, Goshen City, $7.50; Cedar 

Creek S. S., $7.36, 39 86 

Middle District, Sunday-school 

Primary Dept., Manchester, 20 00 

Southern District, Sunday- school 

King's Daughters Class, Rossville, 6 25 

Ohio— $77.64 

Northeastern District, Sunday-schools 

Freeburg, $30; Primary Dept., Hartville, 

$6.25, 36 25 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Sisters' Bible Class, Beech Grove, $12.50; 

New Carlisle, $3.89, 16 39 

Christian Workers 

Bremen 25 00 

Colorado— $50.00 
Sunday- school 

Sterling 50 00 

Illinois— $41.13 

Northern District, Sunday-school 

Primary Dept., Elgin, 21 13 


Lizzie Studebaker 20 00 

Kansas— $24.60 

Southwestern District, Sunday-school 

Primary Dept., Monitor, 4 60 


J. D. Yoder, 20 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Minnesota— $21.65 

Christian Workers 

Lewiston, 21 65 

Nebraska— $20 00 

Florence Fouts 20 00 

Virginia— $12.50 

Second District, Christian Workers 

Valley 12 50 

Maryland— $11.00 

Western District, Sunday-school 

Maple Grove, 10 00 


Jesse C. Merrill and wife, 1 00 

Michigan— $8.00 


Sunfield, 8 00 

Iowa— $5.00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

South Keokuk, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 758 39 

Previously received, 5,867 01 

For the year so far, $6,625 40 

Pennsylvania— $125.00 

Western District, Individuals 

A Brother and Sister, $ 20 00 

Eastern District, Sunday-school 

Lebanon, Midway Cong., 50 00 


Harry Kreider, Mechanic Grove, $50; Mrs. 
Jno. Graybill, $5 55 00 

Total for the month, $ 125 00 

Previously reported, 8,553 24 

For the year so far $ 8,678 24 

Illinois— $5.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

Batavia, $ 5 00 

Maryland— $2.00 

Western District, Individuals 

Jesse C. Merrill and wife, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 7 00 

Previously reported, 142 00 

For the year so far, $ 149 00 

Pennsylvania— $22.75 
Eastern District, Sunday-school 

Quakertown $ 6 24 

Christian Workers 

West Green Tree, $9.74; Fairview, $3.35, .. 13 09 
Southeastern District, Congregation 

Norristown, 3 42 

Illinois— $2.34 

Northern District, Christian Workers 

Shannon, 2 34 

Indiana— $1-00 

Northern District, Individual 

Jno. Huntington, 100 

Total for the month, $ 26 09 

Previously reported, 275 70 

For the year so far, $ 301 79 


Ohio— $66.00 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school 

Freeburg, 45 00 

Northwestern District, Aid Society 

Pleasant View, 6 00 

Southern District, Aid Society 

Pitsburg, 15 00 

Virginia— $50.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

Timberville, $25; Eastside, $10; Barren 

Ridge, $5 40 00 

First District, Aid Society 

Trinity 10 00 

Idaho— $50 00 

Aid Society 

Nezperce, 50 00 

Indiana— $15.00 

Southern District, Aid Society 

Anderson, 15 00 

Iowa— $10.00 

Southern District, Aid Society 

Fairview, 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $3.55 

Western District, Sunday-school 

Class No. 4, Summit Mills, 3 55 

Total for the month, $ 194 55 

Previously reported, 3,130 51 

For the year so far, $3,325 06 


Virginia— $36.50 

First District,, Individual 

Dennis Clark, $ 26 50 

Southern District, Individuals 

C. O. Flory and wife, 10 00 

Indiana— $30.00 

Southern District, Individual 

Fannie Rinehart, 30 00 

California — $25.00 

Northern District, Individual 

Augustus Bush, 10 00 

Southern District, Individual 

A Sister 15 00 

Maryland— $15.00 

Eastern District, Aid Society 

Woodberry 15 00 

Illinois— $3.00 

Northern District, Sunday-school 

Class No. 5, Elgin, 2 00 


Ethel Swanson, 100 

Total for the month $ 109 50 

Michigan— $107.02 


Detroit, $ 107 02 

Kansas— $80.00 

Northeastern District, Individuals 

Frank Hoover and wife, 50 00 

Northwestern District, Individual 

N. F. Brubaker, 25 00 

Southwestern District, Individual 

J. D. Voder 5 00 

Washington— $56.00 

W. H. Slabaugh, $50; Chas. Entner, $6, . . 56 00 
Pennsylvania— $21.00 
Middle District, Sunday-school 

Snider Cross Roads, Woodbury Cong., .. 10 00 
Southeastern District, Sunday-school 

Royersford, 11 00 

Indiana— $20.00 

Northern District, Individuals 

David Metzler, $10; J. J. Thomas, $1, .... 11 00 
Middle District, Sunday-school 

Salamonie, 6 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Gleaners' Class, Anderson, 3 00 

Virginia— $5.00 

Northern District, Individual 

Emma Southall, 100 

Second District, Individuals 

Bettie and Mattie Caricofe, 4 00 

California— $2.50 

Southern District, Individual 

Nancy D. Underhill, 2 50 

Illinois— $1.00 

Northern District, Individual 

Anna Hutchison, 100 

Total for the month, $ 292 52 

Previously reported, 1,946 45 

For the year so far $2,238 97 


The Missionary Visitor 



Pennsylvania— $55.00 

Western District, Sunday-school 

Huntingdon, $ 35 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school 

Royersford 20 00 

Indiana— $35.00 

Northern District, Sunday-school 

Loyal Class, Middlebury 10 00 

Aid Society 

West Goshen 25 00 

Kansas— $20.00 

Southwestern District, Individual 

J. D. Yoder 20 00 

Ohio— $7.00 

Northeastern District, Individual 
Geo. Hartsough 7 00 

Illinois— $1.67 

Southern District, Congregation 
Champaign 1 67 

Total for the month, $ 118 67 

Previously reported, 56194 

For the year so far $ 680 61 

Pennsylvania— $30.04 

Eastern District, Christian Workers 

West Green Tree, $ 10 04 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school 

Royersford 20 00 

Iowa— $7.73 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Birthday Offering, South Keokuk 7 73 

Total for the month $ 37 77 

Previously reported, 396 62 

For the year so far $ 434 39 

Indiana— $36.00 

Northern District, Sunday-schools 

Birthday Offering, N. Liberty, $16; Wom- 
en's Bible Class, First So. Bend, $10, ....$ 26 00 
Aid Society 

West Goshen 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $31.47 

Eastern District, Christian Workers 

Fairview, , . . 6 02 

Southeastern District, Congregation 

Norristown, 5 45 


Royersford 20 00 

Kansas— $16.16 

Southwestern District, Sunday-schools 

Birthday Offering, Newton City, $9.33; 
Willing Workers' Class, Newton City, $6.83, 16 16 
Iowa— $7.73 
Southern District, Sunday-school 

Birthday Offering, South Keokuk, 7 73 

Maryland— $3.50 

Eastern District, Congregation 
Baltimore, Fulton Ave., 3 50 

Total for the month,- $ 94 86 

Previously received, 435 87 

For the year so far $ 530 73 

Maryland— $20.00 
Eastern District, Sunday-school 

Garber Bible Class, Washington, D. C, ..$ 20 00 
Pennsylvania— $10.00 
Southeastern District, Sunday-school 

Royersford 10 00 

Indiana— $5.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

West Goshen 5 00 

Illinois— $5.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

Batavia 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 40 00 

Previously received, 237 65 

For the year so far, $ 277 65 

Indiana — $224.40 

Northern District, Sunday-school 

Birthday Offering, Oak Grove $ 8 40 

Middle District, Individuals 

Pledges paid, received from A. W. Eiken- 
berry, Treas 216 00 

Total for the month, $ 224 40 

Previously received, 323 58 

For the year so far $ 547 98 

Ohio— $30.71 

Northwestern District, Individual 
Guy M. Throne, $ 30 71 

Total for the month, $ 30 71 

Previously received, 112 07 

For the year so far, $ 142 78 

Indiana— $2 00 

Northern District, Individuals 

Freeman Fifer and wife, $ 2 00 

Virginia— $1.75 

Northern District, Individual 

Emma Southall, 1 75 

Total for the month $ 3 75 

Previously received 92 08 

For the year so far $ 95 83 

Oklahoma— $25.00 

Henry Holderer, $ 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Previously received, 15160 

For the year so far, $ 176 60 

Pennsylvania— $15.00 

Middle District, Sunday-school 

Snider Cross Roads, $ 10 00 


Hannah Puderbaugh, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 15 00 

Previously received, 1,004 00 

For the year so far, $1,019 00 


A Brother and Sister, Blountsville, $5; 
Cedar Creek S. S., $4.73; Lucy J. Petrie, 

Blountsville, $5, $ 14 73 


Bodcaw S. S., $3; Springdale Cong, and 

friends,$75 78 00 


Hemet S. S., $70.40; Golden Gate S. S., 
$4C; Laton S. S., $67.40; Butte Valley S. S., 
$83.70; Chico S. S., $10; Lindsay Congrega- 
tion, $141.02; Pasadena Congregation, $145.65; 
Blanche E. Arbegast, San Fernando, $2; Ma- 
bel I. Arbegast, San Fernando, $5; Raisin 
Cong., $2; Waterford Cong., $6.31; So. Los 
Angeles Cong., $144.14; Los Angeles Mission 
Cong., $130.68;- Nancy D. Underhill, Pomona, 
$5; Live Wire S. S. Class, La Verne Cong., 
$11; Young People's Class, McFar'land S. S., 
$28.67; McFarland S. S., $155.44: Santee 
Cong., $4; Santa Ana Cong., $45.15; Empire 

Cong., $56.16; Hemet S. S., $41.50 1,195 22 


S. S. Petry, Rosebeg, $10; B. Protzman, 
Keoma, $20; Irricana Cong., Keoma, $50.10; 
Mr. and Mrs. Albert J. Brubaker, Medicine 
Hat, $1, 8110 


The Missionary Visitor 



Rocky Ford Cong., $106.75; Rocky Ford 
Cong, and S. S., $150; Bethel S. S., $10; Den- 
ver S. S., $18.25; Fruita S. S., $6.16; Fruita 
Cong., $16; First Grand Valley S. S. ; $211.68; 
Sterling S. S., $62.73; Bonita Valley S. S., 
$6.31; J. E. Sesser, Boone, $4.90; Mrs. Lillian 
Elder, Palisades, $14.73; West Colorado 

Springs Cong., $20, 627 51 


Omaja S. S., 10 00 


J. B. Hostedler and family, Farmington, 6 00 
District of Columbia 

Washington City Cong., 36 04 


Winchester Cong., $22; G. W. Flory, Cald- 
well, $5; Winchester S. S., $5.72; Old folks 
of Weiser Cong., $64.60; Children of Weiser 
Cong., $8.85; Weiser S. S., $7.50; Loyalty 
Class, Weiser S. S., $5.32; Payette Valley S. 
S., $71.45; Nezperce S. S., $53.46; Emmett 

S. S., $5, 248 90 


Mt. Carroll S. S., $8; Kaskaskia Cong., 
$6.90; Pine Creek Cong., $56.66; Champaign 
Cong., $20.28; Mrs. B. S. Kindig, Onarga, 
$25; Batavia S. S., $60; C. W. Lahman and 
wife, Franklin Grove, $50; La Motte Prairie 
Cong., $31.12; Sterling S. S., $34.50; Yellow 
Creek S. S., $100; Coal Creek Cong, and 
S. S., $49.64; L. A. Walker, Mt. Morris, 
$15; Loyal Banner Class, West Branch S. 
S., $5; West Branch S. S., $107.11; Lee Fry 
and W. H. Cordell, Polo, $5; Chicago, Beth- 
any Cong., $156.15; Young People's Dept. of 
Bethany Graded S. S., $1.06; Beginners' 
Dept. of Bethany Graded S. S., $3.84; Kas- 
kaskia Cong., $23.65; Elgin S. S., $12.45; 
Panther Creek S. S., $70; Mt. Morris S. 3., 
$304.15; Mansfield Blue Ridge Cong., $23.38; 
Macoupin Creek S. S., $100; Sarah Beyer, 
Lena, $2; Allison Prairie Cong., Lawrence- 
ville, $11.45; Girard S. S., $126.20; So. Fulton 
S. S., $5.27; Cherry Grove S. S., $25; Kas- 
kaskia Cong., $14.60; Chicago, Douglas Park 
S. S., $17.30; Freeport S. S., $9.14; Liberty 
S. S., $20; Merlin G. Mille's S. S. Class, of 
Bethany Graded S. S., 50 cents; Junior Dept. 
of Bethany Graded S. S., $3; Franklin Grove 

S. S., $157.41, 1,660 76 


Pleasant View Aid Society, $12.50; W. 
Manchester S. S., $100; Locust Grove S. S., 
$50; Mexico Cong., $10; Spring Creek S. S., 
$2; Dewey and Edith Bailiff, Noblesville, 
$5; John W. Austin, So. Bend, $1; First 
Indianapolis S. S., $75; Missionary Commit- 
tee, Arcadia Cong., $55.05; Lavina Fash- 
baugh, Rome City, $10; Locust Grove S. 
S., $10; Union Center Cong., $147.31; Mr. and 
Mrs. Lee R. Cory, Milford, $14; Salamonie 
S. S., $26.19; Old Brethren Class No. 9, Sala- 
monie S. S., $6.32; Old Sisters' Class No. 
8, Salamonie S. S., $7.80; Young Married 
People's Class No. 7, Salamonie S. S., 
$25.56; Young Ladies' Class No. 6, Salamonie 
S. S., $20.50; Young Men's Class No. 5, Sala- 
monie S. S., $8.58; Girls' Class, No. 4B, Sala- 
monie S. S., $2.45; Primary Dept., Salamo- 
nie S. S., $6.05; Teacher Training Class, 
No. 10, Salamonie S. S., $6.05; Old Broth- 
er's Birthday Offering, Huntington, 77 
cents; Shipshewana Cong., $17; Friendship 
Class, Pipe Creek S. S., $6.60; Pipe Creek 
Cong., $183.31; Guernsey S. S., $14; Spring 
Creek S. S., $130.77; Kokomo S. S., $6.33; 
Mexico S. S., $72.63; Union Cong., $47; Re- 
membrance of Harvey B. Puterbaugh, $80; 
Flora S. S., $155.34; Eel River Cong., $26; 
West Branch S. S., Pine Creek Cong., $21.57; 
Mrs. Celestia Myers, Garrett, $1; Mrs. Lot- 
tie E. Hummel, So. Whitley, $2; Maple 
Grove S. S. and Cong., $70.70; Rossville S. 
S., $30; Anderson S. S. and Cong., $122.50; 
Olive Branch S. S., $4.86; Brick S. S., $34.73; 
A Sister, Wakarusa, $5; Elkhart Valley S. 
S., $55; Buck Creek S. S., $63.36; Oak Grove 
S. S., Washington Cong., $15.15; North Man- 

chester Cong., $243.91; Truth Seekers* Class, 
Lower Deer Creek Cong., $5; Pleasant Dale 
Cong., $61.19; Solomons Creek Cong., $7.83; 
Portland S. S., $12.50; Yellow Creek Cong., 
$40; Wabash S. S., $23; Loon Creek S. S., 
$22; Blue Rivers S. S., $62.63; Oak Grove S. 
S., Washington Cong., $30.05; Pike Creek S. 
S., $8; Monticello Missionary Society, $5; 
Pleasant Valley S. S., $90.05; Little Sunbeam 
Class, Mt. Pleasant S. S., $12.26; A. C. and 
Katie Metzger, Rossville, $5; Blissville S. S. 
$6; North Manchester Cong., $250; Pleasant 
View Cong, and S. S., $12.50; Bertha Bucher 
Fisher Memorial, $100; Union Grove S. S., 
$30.15; Mississinewa Cong., $126.10; Baugo 
Cong., $15.38; Samuel Anglemyre, Marion, 
$3.65; Anchor Class, Oak Grove S. S., $5; 
Wakarusa S. S., $65; English Prairie Cong., 
$30; Santa Fe S. S., $11; Rossburg S. S., 
$15; Middlebury Cong., $26.53; Elkhart City 
S. S., $61.20; Logansport C. W. Society, $5; 
A Brother and Sister, Auburn, $5; Auburn 
S. S., $13.41; Wawaka S. S., $61; Cart Creek 
S. S., $5.55; Hartford City S. S., $10; J. G. 
Stinebaugh, Camden, $1; John Wells, Cam- 
den, $1; Lower Deer Creek S. S., $5; H. 
C. Spangle, Logansport, $5; Oak Grove S. S., 
$21.15; Ladoga S. S., $10; Camp Creek S. S., 
$45; Center Church S. S., $39; No. Liberty 
Cong., $36; Cedar Lake S. S., $78; Upper 
Deer Creek Cong., $30; Elias and Rachel 
Fashbaugh, Pierceton, $5; New Paris Cong., 
$40; Class No. 2, Logansport S. S., $3; 
Bethel Center Church, Hartford City Cong., 
$23.99; Bremen S. S., $12.40; Second So. Bend 
Cong., $10; Manchester Cong., Prayer Meet- 
ing, $10; Pyrmont Aid Society, $25; Tippe- 
canoe S. S., $34.50; Logansport S. S., $12; 
Pyrmont S. S., $101; Huntington City S. S., 
$21.85; So. Union S. S., $8.50; Buck Creek 
Cong., $12.20; New Salem S. S., $80; Pleasant 
Valley S. S., $11.55; Pipe Creek S. S., $50; Ce- 
dar Creek Cong., $22.18; Hagerstown S. S., 
$30.15; Clear Creek S. S., $26.72; Bethany S. 
S., $48; Pleasant Dale S. S., $75; Plymouth 
Mission S. S., $53.79; Osceola S. S., $8.44; 

Turkey Creek S. S., $29.25, 4,279 54 


Franklin County Cong., $50; Panther 
Creek S. S., $20.55; B. G. and I. M. Brown, 
Ollie, $25; Garrison S. S., $176.40; Spring 
Creek S. S., $29.88; Kingsley Cong., $40; 
Brooklyn Cong., $22.27; Mr. and Mrs. Ed. 
Eikenberry, Greene, $10; Hannah C. Messer, 
Grundy Center, $10; So. Keokuk S. S., 
$105.51; Liberty ville S. S., $50; L. E. Buzzard, 
Knoxville, $2; Edna Royer's S. S. Class, 
Panora, $15; Curlew Cong, and Prairie View 
S. S., $27.21; Roy Schlotman & wife, Missouri 
Valley, $5; W. H. Albright, Grundy Center, 
$25; Fairview Cong., $98.60; Fairview Cong., 
$11.50; No. English Cong., $15.15; Salem 
Cong., $200.95; Nellie Myers' S. S. Class, 
Panther Creek S. S., $39; Panther Creek 
Cong., $247; Council Bluffs S. S., $21.21; Jesse 
S. Miller, So. English, 50 cents; Mrs. Roy 
Williams, Ollie, $5; Mrs. Mike Walerick, 
So. Keokuk S. S., $2.50; Eliza R. Wolf, So. 
English, $15; Waterloo City S. S., $133.28; 
J. M. C. and Melissa Longhenry, Adel, $5, 1,408 51 

Verdigris S. S., $37.61; Ottawa S. S., $83.15; 
N. P. Nelsen, Rosalia, $2; Covert S. S., 
$27.75; Eden Valley S. S., $75.13; No. Solo- 
mon S. S., $32.72; Pleasant Hill S. S., $28.50; 
Everett M. Brubaker, Wichita, $10; Wade 
Branch Cong., $24.95; Cradle Roll, West 
Wichita S. S., $3.50; West Wichita Cong., 
$24.54; Madison Cong., $20.27; D. M. Beitler 
and wife, Sterling, $10; Norcatur S. S., 
$14.75; Kansas Center S. S. and Cong., $10; 
Olathe S. S., $32.17; Lamed S. S., $50; Mr. 
and Mrs. G. G. John, Byers, $10; Maple 
Grove S. S., $10.25; Ozawkie S. S., $44; 
East Wichita S. S., $12.80; Chanute S. S., 
$12.34; Beattie S. S., $8.34; Monitor Cong., 

$8; Chapman Creek S. S., $4.51, 597 28 


Wolf Creek Cong., $8; Constance S. S. 
and Cong., $18 26 00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Meadow Branch S. S., $640; Grossnickle S. 
S., $30; Mt. Zion S. S., $22.20; Myersville 
Cong., $14.52; Manor S. S., $105.45; Fair- 
mont S. S., $5.55; Rocky Ridge S. S., $4.60; 
Maple Grove S. S., $18; Baltimore Fulton 
Avenue Cong., $74; Minnie B. Miller, $1; 
Willing Workers' S. S. Class, Pleasant View 
S. S., $7; Pleasant View S. S., $168; A Broth- 
er of Middletown Valley Cong., $10; Union 
Bridge S. S., $53.37; Blue Ridge College 
S. S., $50; Edgewood Mission, $21; So. 
Brownsville S. S., $13.75; West Brownsville 
S. S., $26.82; Brownsville S. S M $37.06; Fur- 
nace Chapel S. S., Old Furnace Cong., $14; 
Broadfording S. S. $30; Westminster Church, 
Meadow Branch Cong., $225; Denton S. S., 

Denton Cong., $60; Manor Cong., $10, 1,64132 


Woodland S. S., %77; Lake View S. S., 
$8.50; Etta Coder's S. S. Class, Buchanan, 
$1; Thornapple S. S., $31.50; Clarion S. S., 
$3.50; Sugar Ridge Sisters' Aid Society, $9.62; 
Shepherd S. S., $25.55; Zion Cong, and S. S., 
$64.08; Thornapple S. S., $1; Sunfield Cong., 
$15.11; Shepherd Cong., $12; Saginaw S. S., 

$8.15; Beaverton S. S., $23, 280 01 


Morrill Cong., $21; Minneapolis Cong., 
$35.25; Earl L. Flora and wife, Tenstrike, 
$3; Hancock Cong., $22.03; Sadie K. Myers, 
Hancock, $1.39; Worthington C. W. Society, 
$5; Worthington S. S., $154.50, 242 17 


Spring Branch Cong., $36.08; Mound S. S., 
$63; Peace Valley Cong., $12; Walnut Grove 
S. S., $25.85; E. N. Huffman, St. Joseph, 
$1.50; Leeton, Mineral Creek Cong., $54; 
Happy Hill S. S., $15; No. Rockingham 
Mission Circle, $20; Rockingham Cong., 
$108.20; Willing Workers' Class, Wakenda 
S. S., $14.30; Shelby County S. S., $10.82; 
Carthage Cong., $10.65; So. Warrensburg 
Cong., $22.12; Turkey Creek S. S., $25.56; 
North Bethel S. S., $23.70; Prairie View S. 
S., $11; A Brother, Cabool, $10; Wakenda 

S. S., $11.71; Prairie View Cong., $52 527 49 


Fairview Union S. S 13 45 


Omaha S. S., $5.53; Kearney S. S., $36; 
Falls City S. S., $28.50; Arcadia Cong., $6.88; 
So. Beatrice S. S., $167.63; Beatrice S. S. and 
C. W. S., $32.30; Alvo Cong., $21; Alice L. 

Johnson, $2; Alvo S. S., $5, 304 84 

New Jersey 

Flemington S. S., 4 00 

New Mexico 

Mrs. Wm. Mohler, Springer, $1; Clovis 
S. S., $14.90; Clovis C. W. Society, $23.61, 39 51 
New York 

First Brooklyn Cong., 15 78 

North Carolina 

Melvin Hill S. S., 27 63 

North Dakota 

Willow Grove S. S., $30; Live Wire Class, 
Willow Grove S. S., 45 cents; Ellison S. S., 
$2; Brumbaugh Cong., $27.50; Minot S. S., 

$6.75; Surrey Cong, $29, 95 70 


Beech Grove Church, Chippewa Cong., $31; 
P. T. Dukes and wife, Greenspring, $10; 
North Bend S. S., $30; Deshler S. S., $20; 
A Brother, Fresno, $5.50; Simeon Longa- 
necker, Columbiana, $10; Fostoria Cong., 
$31.90; Akron S. S., $60.26; Donnels Creek 
S. S., $56; Juanita and Evaline Haugh, 
Greenspring, $2; C. E. Haugh and wife, 
Greenspring, $4; E. Nimishillen Cong., $20; 
Baltic S. S., $52; Springfield S. S., $27; Cas- 
tine S. S., $150; Pleasant View S. S., $1; 
Teachers and Pupils of Logtown S. S., $3; 
Greenville Aid Society, $15; Eagle Creek 
S. S., $22.21; Zion S. S., $25; G. A. Snider, 
Lima, $90; Lower Miami Cong., $20.26; Pleas- 
ant View S. S., Pleasant View Cong., $89.39; 
Mt. Zion S. S., $3; J. C. Snyder and fam- 

ily, $5; Georgetown S. S., $66; Cincinnati 
S. S., $3.25; Rome Cong., $26.13; C. Wohlga- 
muth, Burbank, $20; East Nimishillen S. S., 
$10; So. Poplar Ridge S. S., $10; Loramie 
S. S., $70.45; Sisters' Aid Society of Fort 
McKinley Church, $10; Pitsburg Aid Soci- 
ety of Ludlow Church, $5; Fort McKinley 
S. S., $53; Bradford S. S., $20; Sidney S. S., 
$40; Toledo S. S., $6.50; Middle District S. S., 
$56.93; A Brother of Sand Ridge Cong., $5; 
Sand Ridge S. S., $11.25; W. Nimishillen S. 
S., $51.73; Troy Mission S. S., $25; A. F. 
Shriver, $7.50; Science Hill S. S., $30; Jun- 
ior and Primary children of Hartville S. 
S., $17; Bethel S. S., $322.50; Gleaners Class, 
So. Poplar Ridge S. S., $11.37; Bear Creek 
S. S., $46; Pitsburg S. S. and Ludlow Cong., 
$125; Bear Creek Sisters' Aid Society, $25; 
Harris Creek Cong., $11.50; Greenwood S. 
S., $7; Logan S. S., $92.48; Dayton S. S., 
$15; New Carlisle Cong., $150; Lick Creek 
Cong., $102; David and Sarah Lytle, Deshler, 
$5; County Line S. S., $32; Eversole Cong., 
$65.93; Brookville Cong., $180; Freeburg S. 
S., $60; Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Buchwalter, 
Weilersville, $5; Baker Cong., $123.25; S. S., 
Wooster Church, $133; Good Samaritan 
Class, Wooster Church, $5; Sisters' Aid So- 
ciety, Wooster Church, $10; Jordan S. S., 
$40; Harris Creek Cong., $225; Sugar Creek 
Cong., $24.66; West Milton S. S., $92.45; 
Girls' Class, 9 to 12 years, of Zion Hill S. 
S., $2.25; Boys' Class, 9 to 12 years, of Zion 
Hill S. S., $2.08; Reading S. S., $60; Donnels 
Creek S. S., $7.40; Red River S. S. and 
Cong., $100.50; Greenville S. S., $136.85; Zion 
S. S. of Tuscarawas Cong., $20; Jno. and 
Mary Wolf, Hartville, $10; E, C. and Susan 
Wolf, Hartville, $10; Painter Creek S. S., 
$120.31; Blanchard Cong., $31.29; Poplar Ridge 
Cong., $154.81; Charleston Cong., $3.25; East 
Dayton S. S., $101; Owl Creek Aid So- 
ciety, $20; Black River Cong., $112; Blanch- 
ard Ladies' Aid, $19.50; Blanchard S. S., 
$4.86; Ivan D. Wolf, Hartville, $1; Wheat- 
ville and Gratis S. Ss., p3; Poplar Grove 
S. S. and Cong., $211; Bellefontaine Cong., 
$115; Marble Furnace S. S., $8.05; Lima S. 
S., $29.13; Class No. 5 of Deshler S. S., $2.50; 
Hartville Cong., $45.68; Deshler S. S. and 
Cong., $56.17; Class No. 4, Deshler S. S., 
$2.50; Class No. 3, Deshler S. S., $2.50; 
Strait Creek S. S., $5; So. Poplar Ridge 
Aid Society, $25; Ashland Dickey S. S., 
$73.07; Ashland Dickey Cong., $46; Beech 
Grove S. S., $70; Prices Creek S. S. and 
Cong., $32.62; Marion Cong., $8; Nevada S. 
S., $13.28; Baltic S. S., $50; Walnut Grove 
S. S., $20.35; East Chippewa S. S., $100; Cass- 
town Cong., $8 5,151 35 


Washita S. S., $42.01; Big Creek S. S., $12; 
Guthrie S. S., $13; Thomas S. S., $30, 97 01 


J. L. Christlieb, Grants Pass, $3; Mabel 
Sisters' Aid Society, $5; Mabel S. S., $37.50, 45 50 


H. B. Dicks and family, $5; Fairchance 
Mission S. S., $10; Summit S. S., $13.66; C. 
H. Stunnan, Honey Grove, $13; Mission 
Class, Hatfield Cong., and a few individu- 
als, $60; Pike S. S., Brothers Valley Cong., 
$32.09; Williamsburg S. S., $22.70; Chambers- 
burg Cong., $10; Chambersburg S. S., $11; 
Koontz S. S., $15.93; Rouzerville S. S., Antie- 
tam Cong., $10.50; Tyrone Cong., $51.05; 
Waterside S. S., $30; D. K. Clapper, Meyers- 
dale, $1.50; Garrett S. S., $3.03; Home De- 
partment, Garrett S. S., $4.50; Cradle Roll, 
Garrett S. S., $2.55; Mechanicsburg S. S., 
$44.55; Morrellville S. S., $9; East Berlin S. 
S., Upper Conewago Cong., $63.58; Mrs. J. 
B. Frey, Mifflintown, $3; Mary E. Frey, Mif- 
flintown, $2; Brandts S. S., $34.16; Fairview 
S. S., $30.25; Salem S. S., $31; Shady Grove 
S. S., $27.50; McClure S. S., $15.12; New En- 
terprise S. S., $87-86; Germany Valley S. S., 
$1; Elk Lick S. S., $56; Pittsburgh S. S., 


The Missionary Visitor 


$40; Bareville S. S., $12; Frank Myers, Graf- 
ton, $50; Snider Cross Roads S. S., $15; Si- 
mon P. Steele, Yellow Creek, $5; Chess 
Creek S. S., $5; Jacob F. Riethmayer, Lans- 
dale, $1; Fairview S. S., $30; Fairview S. S., 
$75; Crossroad S. S., $27; Sipesville S. S., 
$9.29; Bear Run S. S., $9.20; A Sister, Al- 
toona, $5; Montgomery S. S., $32; Rayman 
S. S. and Brothers Valley Cong., $55; Wom- 
en's Bible Class, Roxbury S. S., $25; J. B. 
and Eleanor J. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, 
$2.50; Bethel S. S., $15; Altoona, 6th Ave. 
and 28th St., S. S., $63.54; Friends Grove S. 
S., $25; Sallie A. Helman, Indiana, $30; Lew- 
istown S. S., $160.75; Prices Creek S. S., 
$18.38; Meyersdale Cong., $40.52; Shippens- 
burg S. S., $40; Home Dept., Walnut Grove 
S. S., $2; Second York S. S., $36.23; Pur- 
chase Line S. S., $17.20; Marsh Creek S. S., 
$38; First York S. S., $112.24; Huntsdale S. 
S., $66; Plumcreek Cong., $2; Altoona Sis- 
ters' Aid Society, $10; Mrs. Delia Shreiber, 
Johnstown, $1.22; Harriet A. Balsbaugh, 
Mercersburg, $1.50; Wm. Thomas, Elliotts- 
ville, $5; Lower Claar S. S., $50; Rev. F. E. 
McCoy, Mercersburg, $14.50; Artemas S. S., 
$8.13; Goodwill S. S., Lost Creek Cong., 
$30.45; Uniontown Aid Society, $10; Parker 
Ford S. S., $137.27; Bethany Cong., $23; 
Coventry S. S., $4; First Philadelphia Cong., 
$187.88; Uniontown Cong., $77.43; Tire Hill S. 
S., Quemahoning Cong., $6.95; Brethren 
Home S. S., W. Conestoga Cong., $27; Mingo 
S. S., $46.50; Skippack S. S., $11.83; Indian 
Creek S. S., $35; Bareville S. S., $26.52; Will- 
ing Workers' Class, Bareville S. S., $3; East 
Petersburg S. S., $20; Springfield S. S., 
$20.25; Royersford S. S., $22.50; Norristown 
Cong., $65.23; Parker Ford Cong., $11; Upper 
Dublin Cong., $8; Coventry S. S., $21; First 
Philadelphia Cong., $88.40; Kempers S. S., 
$45; Mechanic Grove S. S., $51; Big Dam S. 
S., $18.80; Mountville S. S., $76.01; Chiques 
Cong., $166.05; Chiques Hill S. S., $45; Mt. 
Hope S. S., $10; Spring Creek S. S., $50; 
East Fairview S. S., $43.13; Rankstown S. 
S., $21.07; Zieglers S. S., $26.72; Shamokin 
S. S., $5; Mechanicsburg S. S., $6.50; Ten 
Mile S. S., $31.50; Ligonier C. W. Society, 
$2; Ligonier S. S., $15; Roaring Spring S. 
S., $41; Ligonier Cong., $40; Fairview S. S., 
$50; James Creek S. S. and Cong., $13.25; 
Farmers Grove Cong., $50; Pleasant Hill 
Cong., $55; Spring Run S. S. and Cong., $25; 
Dunnings Creek Cong., $15; Martinsburg S. 
S., Clover Creek Cong., $97.04; Yellow Creek 
S. S., $33.56; First Altoona S. S., $91.75; Maple 
Grove S. S., $25.05; Maple Glen S. S., $45.06; 
J. Lester Frederick Memorial, $10; Wood- 
bury S. S., $47.31; Shade Creek Cong., $31.12; 
Glade Run Cong., $35; Plum Creek Cong., 
$53.07; Greenville S. S., $1; Clover Creek 
S. S., $50; Clover Creek Missionary Society, 
$10; Clover Creek Cong., $45; Hatfield S. S., 
$36; Trout Run Cong., $13; Eastville S. S., 
$25; Woodbury Cong., $118.20; " Altenwald," 
$5; Asthola Mission, $10; Welch Run and 
Clay Lick Congs. and S. Ss., $111.53; Claar 
Cong., $60; New Enterprise Cong., $6.75; 
Sipesville Cong., $40; Carlisle S. S., $50.50; 
Rockton S. S., $60; Free Spring S. S., Lost 
Creek Cong., $78.39; A Brother and Sister 
of Indiana Cong., $20; Manor Cong., Penn 
Run House, $11.25; Upper Dublin Cong., 
$42.80; Green Tree Cong., $141.97; Green Tree 
S. S., $18.03; Mrs. Martha F. Hollinger, Ab- 
bottstown, $2; Rachel Fox, New Stanton, 
$2; Pleasant Hill Church, Middle Creek 
Cong., $20; Hampton S. S., $30; Moxham 
Cong., $15.04; Harmonyville S. S., $26.60; 
Meyersdale S. S., $23.60; West Johnstown 
Cong., $34.33; Rummel S. S., $142; Salunga S. 
S., $32; Maple Spring S. S. and Quemahoning 
Cong., $296; Leamersville S. S., $84.67; 
Browns Mill S. S., $15.21; Newville S. S., 

$10.56; Holsinger S. S., $25, 5,824 36 


Knob Creek S. S., $10; Knob Creek Cong., 
$22; Mrs. L. C. Klepper, Greenback, $2.10; 
Will C. Young, Jonesboro, $7; Stanley Mc- 

Cray, Jonesboro, 50 cents; Bobie Conner, 
Jonesboro, 25 cents; Ollie Conner, Jones- 
boro, 10 cents; Willie Conner, Jonesboro, 
8 cents; Emma Isenberg, Jonesboro, 40 
cents; Ellen Isenberg, Jonesboro, 40 cents; 
Gentry Isenberg, Jonesboro, 50 cents; Jo- 
sephine Hodges, Jonesboro, 50 cents; J. B. 
Isenberg and wife, Jonesboro, $2; Pleasant 
Hill Cong., $223; J. B. Isenberg, Jr., Jones- 
boro, 27 cents; Mrs. F. A. Mooney, Moores- 
burg, $5; Meadow Branch S. S., $13; Pearl 
M. Harrington, Sweetwater, $1 288 10 


Manvel S. S., $18.70; Nocona Cong., $23.30; 
Nocona S. S., $10; Bethel S. S., $15; Mr. 
and Mrs. H. F. Osborn, Pineland, $5, 72 00 


Class No. 7 of Greenmount S. S., $3.50; 
Greenmount S. S., $16.65; Melrose S. S., 
$3.65; Flora P. Myers, Penn Laird, $1; Roa- 
noke S. S., $76; Oakton S. S., $89.19; Oak- 
dale S. S., $3.69; Emma Southall, Carter- 
ville, $1.75; Valley Pike S. S., $27.12; A 
Family, Bridgewater, $100; Bethel S. S., 
Unity Cong., $133.08; Sisters' Aid Society, 
Unity Cong., $15; A Sister, Bridgewater, $75; 
John Wickham, Red Oak Cong., $10; Peter 
Martin, Red Oak Cong., $2; A Brother and 
Family, Woodstock Cong., $17; A Sister, 
Woodstock Cong., $2; Flat Rock S. S., 
$23.73; Manassas S. S., $27; Sisters' Aid So- 
ciety, Cooks Creek Cong., $25; Pleasant Run 
S. S., Cooks Creek Cong., ^63; Nokesville 
Aid Sociey, $25; Staunton S. S., $30; Tim- 
berville S. S., $60; Flat Rock S. S., $41; Mid- 
land S. S., $10; Harrisonburg S. S., $16; Mt. 
Zion Sisters' Aid Society, Greenmount 
Cong., $10; Mt. Zion S. S., Greenmount 
Cong., $16; Fairview S. S., Greenmount 
Cong., $17; Cedar Grove S. S., Flat Rock 
Cong., $15; Mrs. M. E. Murry, Grottoes, $5; 
Clyde Miller, Grottoes, $1; Mrs. B. F. Miller, 
Grottoes, $2; B. F. Miller, Grottoes, $10; 
Linville Creek Sunday-school, $36.47; Lin- 
ville Creek C. W. Society, $10; Rocky 
Noll S. S., $8; Dayton Sisters' Aid Society, 
$10; F. W. Hockman, Strasburg, $12.50; 
Bethel Cong., $6.25; Rockingham County 
Cong., $148.60; Midland Cong., $9.45; Burkes 
Park Cong., $14.15; McCray Chapel S. S. and 
Cong., $42.50; Valley Bethel S. S., $10.66; 
Mountain Grove Chapel, $8.81; Evergreen S. 
S., $7; Bethesda S. S. and Cong., $103.50; 
Mt. Grove S. S., $9; Nokesville C. W. Soci- 
ety, $15; J. W. and Bettie Harnsberger, 
Barren Ridge Cong., $8; New Dale S. S., $17; 
Green Hill S. S., $100; W. K. Coffman, Hay- 
makertown, $5; Mt. Olivet S. S., $9; Madison 
S. S., $5; Antioch S. S., $202; Nokesville S. 
S., $50; Topeco S. S., $10.15; Mt. Hermon 
S. S., $32.50; Mine Run S. S., $5.76; Middle 
River S. S., $411.55; Pleasant Valley S. S., 
$43.85; Jane A. Zimmerman, Bridgewater, 
$6; Selma S. S., $50; Moscow S. S., $20; 
Bethlehem S. S., $36.40; Chimney Run S. S., 
$4.58; Little River S. S., $9.14; Basic City 
S. S., $6; F. W. Early, Dayton, $6; Novella 

E. Utz, Port, $5, 2,468 18 


Wenatchee S. S., $133.70; Forest Center 
S. S., $15.50; Forest Center S. S., $5; Mary 
M. Gibson, Millwood, $2; Centralia S. S., 
$25; Macdonalds, Centralia, $25; Spokane 
S. S., $12.50; W. H. Slabaugh, Wenatchee, 
$50; Outlook S. S., $20; Yakima Cong., $75.11; 

Mrs. Pearl Hatfield, Wenatchee, $25, 388 81 

West Virgina 

Streby S. S., $13.25; Pleasant View S. S., 
Chestnut Grove Cong., $26.45; Lime Rock 
S. S., $11; Beaver Run Cong., $24.65; Jesse 
Harman, Harman, $18; I. Wm. Sites, Peters- 
burg, $15; Danville Cong., Schoolfield, $15; 
Chestnut Grove Cong., $77.19; Mr. and Mrs. 
J. D. Beery, Augusta, $25; Oak Dale S. S. 
Greenland Cong., 11.50; Poplar S. S., $14.63; 
Rough Run S. S., $10.88; Maple Spring S. 
S., German Settlement Cong., $50.60; Beth- 
any Cong., $27.15 340 30 


The Missionary Visitor 



T. M. Fruit, Viola, $50; Ash Ridge S. 
S., $25; Worden S. S., $11.25, 

86 25 

Total for month, $28,220 35 



S. S. Petry, Rosebeg $ 15 00 


Rocky Ford Cong., $53.27; Rocky Ford 

Cong., and S. S., $169.47, 222 74 


Dixon Cong, and S. S., $13; Refund from 
J. E. Miller on Expense Account, $25; Wm. 

Lampin, Polo, $10 48 00 


David Lannerd and family, New Castle, 
$10; Pleasant View Aid Society, So. Whit- 
ley, $12.50; Fairview S. S., $70; Maple Grove 
S. S., $21.60; Nappanee S. S., $29.25; Auburn 

Cong., $1," 144 35 


Franklin County Cong., $65.03; Kingsley 

S. S., $23, 88 03 


Monitor Cong., $60.50; Esther Kintner, 

Pawnee Rock, $4.90, 65 40 


Locust Grove S. S., $78.25; John E. Dot- 
terer, New Windsor, $12.64; Woodberry 
Cong., $28; Baltimore, Fulton Ave., Cong., 
$20; David R. Dotterer, New Windsor, $25, 163 89 

Lewiston S. S., $20; A. J. Nickey and wife, 

Monticello, $100, 120 00 


Rose Whitmore, Norwood, 1 00 


Juniata S. S., 1100 

North Carolina 

Melvin Hill Cong., 124 00 


Lower Stillwater Cong., $48; Springfield 

S. S. and Cong., $27.70, 75 70 


Williamsburg S. S.. $30; Scalp Level S. S. 
and Cong., $178.50; R. C. Hinkle, Hershey, 
$25; Scalp Level Aid Society, $20; Richland 
S. S., $45.39; Germantown Cong., $17.56, .. 316 45 
South Carolina 

Mill Creek Cong, 2110 


Mrs. A. Rupp, Flowella, 3 40 


Flora P. Myers, Penn Laird, $1; Fairview 

S. S., Unity Cong., $30, 31 00 

West Virginia 

J. W. and Elva May Hevener, Hosterman, 28 10 

J. M. Fruit, Viola 50 00 

Total for month, $1,529 16 


Abram S. Hershey, Bartow, 5 95 


Mt. Carroll S. S., $8.50; Elgin S. S., $10.75; 

Primary Dept., Lanark S. S., $1.64, 20 89 


Locust Grove S. S., $33.57; W. Manchester 

S. S., $61, 94 57 


Monroe County Ladies' Aid Society, $25; 

Cedar Rapids S. S., $22.52, 47 52 


Maple Grove S. S., $19.13; Green Hill C. 
W. Society and S. S., $18; Glade View S. 

S., $7.25 44 38 


Mrs. H. C. Lowder, Nashville, 100 


Beech Grove Church, Chippewa Cong., $31; 
A. F. Shriver, New Philadelphia, $2; Maple 

Grove S. S., $19, 52 00 


Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Withers and children, 8 00 

Fairchance Mission Sunday-school, $10; 
H. B. Dicks and family, $5; Pike S. S., 
Brothers Valley Cong., $40; W. G. Shrock, 
Berlin, $12; Class No. 3, Garrett S. S., $20; 
Hanover S. S., $35; Supt. of Garrett S. S., 

$4.49, 12649 


Roanoke S. S., $76; Greenmount S. S., 
$16.66; Melrose S. S., $3.65; Class No. 7, 
Greenmount S. S., $3.50; Red Oak Grove 
Cong., $36; Emma Southall, Carterville, $1.75, 137 56 
West Virginia 

Streby S. S., 13 25 

Total for month, $ 551 61 


Dixon Cong, and S. S., $13; Mrs. J. E. 
Miller, of Elgin S. S., $6; Nautilus Class, 
Elgin S. S., $58.54; Berean Class, Elgin S. 
S., $18.25; Upstreamers' Class, Elgin S. S., 
$6; Elgin Junior Cong., $10; Elgin S. S., 

$16.62; Elgin Missionary Society, $9.50, 137 91 


David Lannerd and family, New Castle, 

$10; R. M. Arndt, Colfax, $1.70 11 70 


Mary D. Welty, Woden, 5 00 


A Brother, Camp Sherman, $3; A. F. 

Shriver, New Philadelphia, $3 6 00 


C. H. Steerman, Honey Grove, $13; Sum- 
mit S. S., $13; Mission Class Hatfield Cong., 

and a few individuals, $3, 29 00 

South Carolina 

Mary Snavely, Landrum, 3 00 


Red Oak Grove Cong., ^36; Emma South- 
all, Carterville, $1.75; Class C of College 
Dept., Bridgewater S. S., $5, 42 75 

Total for month, $ 235 36 


P. T. Dukes and wife, Greenspring, $ 3 00 


Class No. 1, Garrett S. S., 10 00 


Sister of Stiverson Cong., 4 00 

Total for month, $ 17 00 

Y. M. C. A. 

P. T. Dukes and wife, Greenspring $ 2 00 

Total for month, $ 2 00 


Verdigris S. S., $ 38 00 

Total for month, $ 38 00 


Franklin Grove S. S., $ 23 57 


Total for month, $ 23 57 

Elgin S. S., $ 19 40 

Total for month, $ 19 40 

*«$HH> < H"M"H"H"fr »fr »t* ■> *l* "frH" »fr *t* *t* >fr * »> »> * »fr >$■ fr "t" »fr »fr »H"H» •$"$"$"$"$"£* * .;< >fr $ >;, $ ,3, ,$< ,fr >$, ^ 3, ^ 3, ^ ^ 

SI * 





D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advis- 
ory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kansas. 


Md. ■ 

New Windsor, 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


J. H. B. Williams, Secretary-Treasurer. 

H. C. EARLY, President. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois. 


Friisgatan No. 1, Malmb, Sweden 

Buckingham, Ida 

Graybill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Blough, Anna V. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Flory, Byron M. 

Flory, Nora 

Heisey, Walter J, 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Horning, Emma 

Metzger, Minerva 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Schaeffer, Mary 

Vaniman, Ernest D. 

Vaniman, Susie C. 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 

Cripe, Winnie E. 

Flory, Raymond C. 

Flory, Lizzie N. 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 

Pollock, Myrtle 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Shock, Laura J. 
North China Language School, Peking, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Clapper, V. Grace 

Flory, Edna R. ' 

Seese, Anna 

Seese, Norman R. 

Wampler, Vida M. 

Wampler, Ernest M. 
On Furlough 

Bright, J. Homer, R. D. 1, Union, Ohio 

Bright, Minnie F., R. D. 1, Union, Ohio 

Hutchison, Anna, 3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Elgin, 111. 

Wampler, Rebecca C, Elgin, 111., care 
General Mission Board 
Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Blough, J. M. 

Blough, Anna Z. 

Ebey, Adam 
Ebey, Alice K. 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian 
Hoffert, A. T. 
Mow, Anetta 
Stover, W. B. 
Stover, Mary E. 
Widdowson, Olive 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M. 
Eby, E. H. 
Eby, Emma H. 
Mohler, Jennie 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L. 
Alley, Hattie Z. 
Ebbert, Ella 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Pittenger, J. M. 
Pittenger, Florence B. 
Royer, B. Mary 
Swartz, Goldie 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Shumaker, Ida C. 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P. 

Garner, Kathryn B. 

Kaylor, John I. 

Powell, Josephine 
Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Arnold, S. Ira 

Arnold, Elizabeth 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 
Vyara, via Surat, India 

Long, I. S. 

Long, Erne V. 
On Furlough 

Eby, Anna M., Trotwood, Ohio 

Lichty, D. J., Mt. Morris, 111. 

Miller, Sadie J., 3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Emmert, Jesse B., Elgin, 111., care General 
Mission Board 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Elgin, 111., care 
General Mission Board 

Please Notice— 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 3c 
for each additional ounce or fraction. 











The Forward Movement 

® _j 

Some Suggestions That May 
Be of Value to You 

Plan for Systematic Giving in Your Church 
. (Let us send you Sower Envelope Samples) 

Has Your Church a Missionary Committee? 

(Conference recommended this in 1911) 

Does Your Sunday School have a Missionary Library? 

(May we not suggest a list of books for you for this?) 

How about Your Mission Study Class? 
(Interrupted in school and church work as the season 
I has been, it is no wonder if you have none) 

But it is not too late to begin 



Note the following books recommended for 1918-1919: 

Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands, by Galen B. Royer. Contains biogra- 
phies of leading missionaries of the world, with two chapters on missions 
in general. Has been used by many classes. A splendid first book for 
study. Cloth, 50c. 

Ancient Peoples at New Tasks, by Willard Price. A new book dealing with 
industrial problems abroad. A splendid second book for class use, or for 
classes, some or all of whose students have taken " Christian Heroism." 
Cloth and Boards, 60c. 


For Careful Reading 

General Study, Formosa, Red Seal, The Black Bearded Barbarian. Keith. 

Cloth, 60c. 
Home Missions, Purple Seal, The South Today. Moore. Cloth, 60c. 
Stewardship (" Missions in Sunday-school," in Old Course), Green Seal, Over 

Against the Treasury. Fenn. Boards, 50c. 
China ("Asia" in Old Course), Blue Seal, China's New Day. Headland. 

Cloth, 60c. 
India (" Our Fields " in Old Course), Gold Seal, Chundra Lela. Griffin. 

Cloth, 50c. 
Africa, Silver Seal, The Moffats. Hubbard. % Cloth, 60c. 

Write us for our Mission Study Prospectus and Manual 












APRIL, 1919 


NO. 4 

Jlllllll llllllllllillllllllMlllllllllllllllllll llllllllilll Illlllllliilllllllllllllllilllllllll lllllillllllilllllilllllllllllllilllllllllllllllllllllillll 



The Missionary Visitor 




.a. The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the Gen- 

♦*♦ eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 

♦?♦ dollar or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 

♦*♦ Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra sub- 

♦1+ scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 

♦J* terested in reading the Visitor. 

f Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 

every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or more, no 
+ I + matter how large the donation. 

♦J» Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 

>t+ Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 

♦1* be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

X Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 

J^ scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

A To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 

>{+ asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 

♦J* if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 
£■+ Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 

T October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Contents for April, 1919 






f The Cando Church, By S. W. Burkhart, 100 f 

% Salem Church, By D. A. Hufford, 102 % 

% Bowdon Valley and Golden Willow Churches, By Wm. J. McCann, . . 103 % 

f The Ellison Church, By Jos. Burkholder and wife, 104 f 

X The Brumbaugh Church, By Geo. C. Deardorff, 105 £ 

Kenmare Church, By Elsie Larsen 106 * 

f Columbia Church, By Vada Row, 107 f 

X The Carrington Church, By J. S. Sheaffer, 109 $ 

f Englevale Church, By C. M. Crill, 110 f 

f . Minot Church, By Ray Harris, 110 1 

* Valley Church, By R. G. Mahu^h, Ill I 

f The Grand View Church, By J. S. Geiser, 112 f 

| " Go Ye into All the World," By Geo. Strycker, 114 % 

* The Williston Church, By I. M. Kauffman 115 f 

| Bethany Church, By Levi Fisher, 116 £ 

James River Church, By J. W. Schlotman, 116 X 

| The Poplar Valley Church, By Aaron M. Swihart, 117 % 


% The Missionary Side of Juniata Bible Institute, By J. Homer Bright,.. 118 % 

% Student Volunteer Convention, By Galen B. Roye-r, 119 & 

* India Notes, By Ida C. Shumaker 120 f 


For the Volunteers, By Brother and Sister J. Homer Bright, 121 £ 


t > » ' I 1 »t ' » * ' t ' * l'*t* <> > !■ >!■ »!« »!' »t« »!■ * ♦ * '!' » > ^<MiH$.H$H|^HH« % > > »t« > > »t« * *t* ♦ *X * * *X * * t * * X * * X"t * >V » fr >t* * t* *X* *t * * t* »t* % % *t * * * t* % * t* * X * ** 

Volume XXI 

APRIL, 1919 

No. 4 


" I know whence I came and whither I 
go." John 8: 14. 

The carping critic of the Master, constant- 
ly seeking some point on which he might 
base a criticism, was not, after all, more 
than merely an assistance to the Master. 
Had it not been for the critic, our Savior 
would not have had the subject necessary 
upon which to base many of the profoundest 
truths which He uttered. They had their 
place in His daily program of light bearing 
for the world, wearing as they must have 
been upon His nervous energy. 

We seek for the source of strength which 
enabled Him to bear their comments and 
sarcasm graciously. Certainly it was from 
God, but we find much reason for His con- 
stant patient attitude in the statement made 
at the beginning of these editorials: "I know 
whence I came and whither I go." They 
did not understand His mission, they saw 
only His humble station in life. They failed 
to see heaven in Him, they were able to see 
Nazareth alone, and " can any good come 
out of Nazareth?" It was impossible for 
them to understand Him to any appreciable 
degree. -<-^ 

The men who stand for the cause of 
Christ, accepting His world program as they 
accept His commands for daily conduct, 
oftentimes may be misunderstood, criticised, 
impeded in* thought, word and action, by 
such as misunderstand, but to know from 
whence comes one's inspiration for service 
and to know whither one is bound in one's 
program is sufficient, with God as the Guide 
and Strength, to overcome all difficulties. 

The Master so successfully put to rout 
His every critic, and at the same time in so 
doing, uttered such splendid words of com- 
fort and strength and cheer, that we can 
almost thank God that the critics were 

If we can bring ourselves to understand 
the object of our missionary quest, if we 
allow our Father to guide, humble station 
or birthplace or parentage need in no wise 
deter us from undertaking the most gracious 
task that God ever called anyone to perform. 

A peculiar letter came to us the other day. 
Something had been written in a couple of 
our publications that failed to please one of 
our brethren. He says in his letter that if 
such things continue to appear he and his 
church will have no use for the papers any 
longer. Two queries immediately arose in 
our minds, if " he has no use for our publi- 
cations what will he be able to find that will 
take their place, and will his church justify 
him in the position he takes to the extent 
that the membership will deny itself of the 
papers at his behest? " We cannot please all 
folks with what appears; and it might be 
the wrong thing if we undertook to do it. 
We must seek to interpret the Master as 
light is given. «<-^ 

We are gratified and encouraged with the 
splendid words that continue to come in 
from every corner of the Brotherhood, from 
individuals, churches, Districts, with refer- 
ence to the Five Year Forward Movement. 
Churches in many instances are assuming 
their full share of responsibility for the suc- 
cess of the Movement. Some Districts 
have taken such action. If the program 
is to accomplish everything intended it will 
only do so through the combined efforts of 
every individual member centered on the 
one task. 

No one must get the impression that sim- 
ply because the Boards are back of the 
Movement that it is " their " Movement. It 
belongs to all of us. The influence of such 
a concerted drive will be permanent, not 
merely for the five years of its duration. It 


The Missionary Visitor 


is " our " Movement in the fullest sense of 
the word. 

What then is the share of the Forward 
Movement that properly belongs to my 
church and to me? This is a perfectly le- 
gitimate question. Indeed it is so fully in 
place that it deserves careful answer. The 
ease with which it can be propounded can 
only be compared to the difficulty with 
which it can be answered. The goals are 
so varied in their nature and the conditions 
of the various churches are so entirely dif- 
ferent that no general rule can apply to all. 
Were we to state a general principle fitting 
one goal of the Movement that would fit 
some one church, it would likely be out of 
proportion for another. However, a few 
things might be said which would help us 
to settle the question. For instance, in- 
creased church membership. Conditions are 
different. Some churches have a fertile field, 
others fields more barren. The same per- 
centage would not apply on one as the oth- 
er. To win 15,000 new converts annually 
means that every six or seven members put- 
ting their efforts together should win an- 
other to Christ. Some places more than this 
will be won, some places not any more 
than this number. No church should, fall 
below this number and all should strive to 
reach more. 

On the question of finance, $250,000 an- 
nually for General Missions means $2.50 per 
capita — the price of a street car fare or a 
package of gum weekly! Think of it! $200,- 
000.00 for Home Missions means $2.00 per 
capita or 4 cents weekly! Such figures look 
like playing with the task, don't they? Yet 
some churches, crowded to their limit, will 
find it impossible to reach a larger sum than 
this. Some churches already are giving 
more than this average. We would certain- 
ly not want them to give less, merely to 
conform to an average, than what they are 
already doing. 

It occurs to us that the average should 
be accepted in the various points as a basis 
upon which to work and then apply the 
scriptural measure to this, " of giving as 
we are prospered," bearing in mind con- 
stantly the thoughts of the church that may 

not be blessed as we are, and the conviction 
of the splendid opportunities that are ours. 
If each worked to his limit the combined 
totals of our efforts as a Brotherhood in 
finance, in new members, in new Sunday- 
school scholars, in subscriptions to our peri- 
odicals, would pale the goals set into in- 
significance. )))» > 

We have not fully answered the question 
asked by ourselves concerning our share 
in the Movement, but we have opened the 
subject. We shall be glad to hear from any 
church that has adopted its full share of 
the Movement on this subject: "What is 
our share of the Forward Movement? " 
We shall be glad to publish such articles 
for the edification of others. 

Our Brotherhood needs the splendid tonic 
of Unified Endeavor which this Five Year 
Forward Movement project supplies. We 
have been so absorbed with the duties of 
the hour, and the tragedies too, of the last 
four years that our eyes need the training 
given by lifting them up to see the whitened 
harvest fields of the world. And how white 
the fields have become in the last four 
years! How the grain has fallen! What a 
ruthless sickle! 

" Every church organized for greatest mis- 
sionary efficiency." This is the fifth goal 
in the Missionary Program of the Foiward 
Movement. To further comment on what 
this means, the following is what has been 
adopted by the General Mission Board as 
a Standard Missionary Church: 

1. An elder or pastor in full sympathy 
with missionary endeavor. 

2. A Missionary Committee in harmony 
with 1911 Conference decision. 

3. A Missionary Sunday-school Superin- 
tendent. (This is the same as the Mission- 
ary Secretary and likely should be a member 
of the missionary committee.) 

4. At least one Mission Study Class An- 

5. A Sunday-school Missionary Library. 

6. A Workable Plan of Systematic Giving. 

7. At least two annual offerings for world- 
wide missions. 

8. A practical every-member canvass for 

9. A Liberal Offering annually, or meet- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing the quota of District Mission Expenses. 
10. At least two special Missionary Ser- 
mons annually. 3>») > 

Those six men for India! We yet need 
a number of them. Among these might be 
named an accountant — business man, for 
that phase of our India Mission. May we 
pray together for the right person. We feel 
confident that six will be found if we cease 
not our supplications to the Father. 

We are very anxious to secure copies of 
the Missionary Visitor of the issues of 1892 
and 1893. If anyone has copies of these 
years we shall appreciate receiving them or 
hearing from you. These issues are very 
scarce and we would like to collect them 
for future reference. Kindly accept this as 
a personal request of you, if you have the 
issues and are willing to part with them. 

We are glad to allow the District of 
North Dakota, Eastern Montana and West- 
ern Canada to occupy much of the space of 
this issue of the Visitor. Much of the credit 
for assembling the material must be given 
to Bro. W. A. Deardorff, of Brantford, N. 
Dakota. We feel sure that these articles as 
well as the following editorials, prepared by 
our North Dakota brethren, will prove of 
much interest. 

North Dakota, Eastern Montana and 
Western Canada compose the largest Dis- 
trict in the Brotherhood — or at least in 
America. Since Canada used the August 
(1918) number of the Visitor we are omit- 
ting them from this issue. 

These articles from the churches of North 
Dakota and Montana are not given because 
of the flourishing condition and glowing 
prospects of the churches, but because we 
wish to present their needs. 

The State of North Dakota has twenty 
churches and thirty-one ministers, eighteen 
of whom are elders. Two churches have 
four ministers each; one has three; eight 
have two; three have one, and six are with- 
out a minister. Several of these ministers 
are quite aged, and a few are inactive for 
various other causes. 

North Dakota has a population of 577,- 
056; is composed of fifty counties, thirty- 
nine of which have no organized church of 
our own fraternity. If all were reached in 
the eleven counties where we have churches 
each minister would be responsible for 4,125 
persons, and then only about one-fifth of 
the population of the State would be 

There are approximately 985 members, 
and about 155 of these are living in church- 
es that are without a minister. 

Besides the six churches without resident 
ministers, many mission points are suffering, 
and some have gone back entirely because 
the District Mission Board has been unable 
to supply the needed men. 

Montana has but five churches. There are 
eleven ministers — four being elders, and one 
minister living isolated from any church. 
One church is without a minister. Out of 
this vast territory only four counties have 
churches. However, there are isolated mem- 
bers in other counties. 

Brother minister, have you ever preached 
to a band of isolated members who seldom 
have the opportunity of listening to the 
gospel story? 

Did you note the intense quiet? 

Did you notice their eager expectancy? 

Did you see the teardrops start as you 
gave to them the old new story? 

Did you feel anew the Spirit's power in 
your own life and work? 

Did you feel a new joy and satisfaction 
in having done your duty? 

Will you pray earnestly that the workers 
who are here may remain faithful, and that 
others may see the need of this vast Dis- 
trict and " Come over and help us," so that 
North Dakota and Montana may be saved 

for Christ? 

■ 7~ 

We have not yet attained to that which 
we desire or all that we should have, per- 
haps, but we are continuing to press towards 
the mark and endeavoring to go on in the 
service of the Master. We ask for the 
prayers of God's children in our behalf, that 
we may have the strength, courage and 
willingness to do our duty for the Master. 


The Missionary Visitor 



From Left to Right— S. W. Burkhart, O. A. Myer, G. C. Deardorff, W. A. Deardorff. 
Strycker, President of the Board, Was Not Present 

Eld. Geo. 


The Cando Church 

S. W. Burkhart 

THE first thought of a colony of the 
Brethren, as far as the writer can 
learn, came from the Honorable F. 
I. Thompson (then judge of Towner Coun- 
ty), who suggested to Mr. Max Bass, im- 
migration agent for the Great Northern 
Railroad, that he go to Illinois and bring 
settlers of the " Dunker " people to Towner 
County. Although Mr. Thompson had failed 
as a merchant in business in Illinois, he 
stated that he had never lost a dollar on a 
Dunker in Illinois. Pleased with the idea, 
Mr. Bass at once arranged for and made 
personal calls on some of the Brethren in 
Illinois and Indiana. Bro. A. B. Peters, 
having already had some correspondence 
with Mr. Bass, was consulted in regard to 
locating a colony of Brethren in North Da- 

Pursuant to the former consultation Mr. 
Bass called personally on Brethren A. B. 
Peters, T. J. Beckwith, Wm. Baughman, of 
Marshall County, Ind., and John R. Miller 

and the writer, of Nappanee, Ind. These fi- 
nally formed a committee to accompany Mr. 
Bass to North Dakota, to investigate the 
prospects and opportunities for the Brethren 
in that State. The initiative movement took 
place in July, 1893. 

In company with Mr. Bass the five above- 
named brethren left Chicago in July. 1SQ3, 
for a prospective trip to the Northwest. 
After a journey of two days we arrived at 
Fargo, N. Dak. After a tour through the 
Red River Valley, from Fargo to Grand 
Forks and Larimore, we proceeded on our 
journey west as far as Churches Ferry, then 
north to Cando. In September of this year 
another company of Brethren and friends 
accompanied Mr. Bass (largely through the 
influence of Bro. A. B. Peters) to North 
Dakota, to see the country and to help in 
harvest and thrashing. Of this number 
quite a few filed homesteads in the Zion 
community. In October a third excursion 
was brought to Towner County and a 


The Missionary Visitor 


goodly number of the party decided to lo- 

During the closing months of '93 and the 
beginning of 1894 Bro. Peters worked for 
the Great Northern Railroad Company, in 
cooperation with Mr. Bass, in the States of 
Indiana, Ohio and Virginia, and through 
their influence a large colony of Brethren 
and friends were induced to come to North 
Dakota in 1894. The movement began in 
earnest, and March 28 we left Walkerton 
for North Dakota. This first colony train 
consisted of some forty cars of freight and 
350 passengers, including children. 

Arrangements were at once made for 
services on Sunday after arriving, and the 
first services were held in the Methodist 
church, and later in the old courthouse in 
Cando. In the country we worshiped in a 
small schoolhouse, five miles west of the 
present Zion church. At this schoolhouse 
the first Sunday-school was organized, with 
Bro. Wm. Kesler and the writer superin- 
tendents. Church and Sunday-school were 
continued here until November, 1896, when 
the churchhouse at Zion was built and dedi- 
cated. Sunday-school was continued for 
several summers afterwards. 

Aug. 4, 1894, the Cando church was fully 
organized, at the home of Bro. A. B. Peters, 
on the J. W. McVey farm, six miles south- 
west of Cando. The meeting was called for 
the special purpose of organizing the mem- 
bers of the first colony of brethren and sis- 
ters in North Dakota into a working body. 
After Scripture reading and prayer and 
some exhortation to faithfulness and duty, 
the certificates of membership were read. 
Eighty members were received, among the 
number being four ministers; viz., A. B. 
Peters, Levi Miller, G. W. Stong, and Silas 
Ebersole; also four deacons; viz., Wm. Kes- 
ler, Wm. Baughman, T. J. Beckwith, and the 
writer. With these as charter members the 
pioneer church was fully organized by elect- 
ing the writer as clerk and Bro. Judson 
Beckwith, treasurer. 

Bro. A. B. Peters was chosen delegate to 
represent the newly-organized church at the 
District Meeting of Northern Iowa and 
Minnesota. This being the first organized 
body of the Church of the Brethren in North 
Dakota, a petition was prepared, asking that 
the Dakota church be annexed to the North- 

ern District of Iowa and Minnesota, which 
was granted by the District referred to. 

The first quarterly council meeting was 
held Oct. 6, 1894, in Cando, Bro. Chas. 
Campbell, of Colfax, Ind., presiding. Eight 
more members were received by letter; also 
one brother was reclaimed. Thus the first 
year's work of the Brethren in North Dako- 
ta ended — the year 1895. 

Forty-four members were received by 
letter during the year, among whom 
were Bro. John McClane and Bro. John 
Hartsough (deceased). During 1896 an- 
other large colony of Brethren settled in 
our midst. On April 11 was held a council 
meeting long to be remembered by those 
present. It was presided over by Bro. John 
Hartsough, assisted by Bro. A. B. Peters. 
Forty-four members were added to the 
church by letter, including three ministers 
— Bro. Martin Isenhour, Isaac Deardorff, 
and Samuel Boone. 

Early in the spring of that year arrange- 
ments were made to build a churchhouse in 
the Brethren settlement. As in the days 
of King Cyrus, the people had a mind to 
work and by Nov. 8 we were able to dedi- 
cate our building, Bro. A. B. Peters preach- 
ing the dedicatory sermon. 

An interesting bit of history that should 
be found in our Compiled Minutes of the 
District of North Dakota, Montana and 
Western Canada, was made on Dec. 12, 
1896, at a quarterly council at the Zion 
church. The meeting sent a petition, by 
Eld. J. C. Seibert, to Northern Iowa and 
Minnesota asking that North Dakota be set 
apart as a separate State District. On his 
return Bro. Seibert reported that the peti- 
tion was cheerfully granted, and although 
it was seldom we get more than we ask for, 
the District Meeting gave us Northern Min- 

That year 108 members were added to the 
church by letter. 

One of the interesting things of the early 
years of the Cando church was a revival 
meeting held in March, 1897, conducted by 
the home ministers, Brethren Isaac Dear- 
dorff and L. E. Miller doing the preaching, 
alternately, each evening. The meeting con- 
tinued nearly three weeks and as a result 
thirty members were added to the church, 
twenty-nine by baptism and one reclaimed. 


The Missionary Visitor 


During the same year, in April, another 
large colony arrived and 122 new members 
were added by letter. Of course, the terri- 
tory being large and the brethren scattered, 
new places of meeting were established. 
With a good many members living in Cando 
previous to this time, an'd more new ones 
coming, it was decided to .build a church- 
house in Cando. 

The church was dedicated in December 
of the same year. Eld. J. C. Seibert, then 
and for some time the active minister in the 
Cando church, was later assisted by Breth- 
ren J. M. Myers, Paul Mohler and Geo. K. 
Miller. The addition of members by immi- 
gration was at this time at its highest, and 
work in the home District began with great- 
er earnest. Two churchhouses and two 
mission points kept the home . ministers 

The year 1898 brought more members by 
letter, and the result was a division of the 
Cando church District. Petitions for new 
organizations were sent in, and finally the 
District was divided into three Districts, 
called North, Middle and South Districts. 

After the division the Cando church num- 
bered 165 members. In 1899 a few of the 
members went farther west, and in 1903 a 
colony left for Wenatchee, Wash., among 
them being A. B. Peters and family. 

In July, 1913, a successful revival meeting 
was held by Bro. C. S. Garber, of St. Joseph, 
Mo. Fifty-nine members were added to the 
church by baptism and four reclaimed. Our 
church at present has two evergreen Sun- 
day-schools and two preaching points. Be- 
sides we have a mission point about thirty- 
eight miles northwest of Zion, at Rolette. 

Two hundred and seventy-five have been 
added to the church by baptism since the 
organization. Our record shows an addition 
by letter of 750 members for the twenty-five 
year period. During this time six brethren 
have been chosen to the ministry and nine 
elected to the office of deacon. At this 
writing we have about 165 members, four 
ministers and six deacons. 

The church has always contributed liber- 
ally, several thousand dollars having been 
given to the different missions. 

Cando, N. Dak. 

Salem Church 

D. A. Hufford 

AS the immigration of the Brethren to 
North Dakota in the early nineties 
seemed to centralize around Cando, 
the good government land was soon taken. 
But as each spring brought trainloads of 
homeseekers it soon became necessary to 
go much farther away. Therefore the 
Brethren began to settle in the neighbor- 
hood of what is now the Salem church. 

We could not be content without meeting 
in worship as had been our custom. Ac- 
cordingly the first Sunday-school was or- 
ganized in 1897 in a " dugout," with Geo. 
K. Miller as our first superintendent. Later 
we moved into the first schoolhouse built in 
the District. 

Being about twenty-five miles from the 
mother church (Cando) we soon saw the 
need of a new organization. We met there- 
fore on Nov. 12, 1898, and the Salem church 
was organized. Elders J. C. Seibert, A. B. 
Peters, and A. Neher were present. Eld. 
Seibert was chosen elder until spring, when 
Eld. Neher was to move onto his home- 

stead and take charge of the work. 

Our first love feast was held in a tempora- 
ry tabernacle, made of lumber, and was one 
of the most enjoyable feasts we were ever 
permitted to attend. 

In the summer of 1900 the churchhouse 
was built, 40x50 feet, with basement the 
same size, but was not dedicated until in 
1914, when it was free from debt. 

In 1900 we had over one hundred mem- 
bers, and a large enrollment in the Sunday- 
school. From 1902-1904 our membership 
reached one hundred and forty. After the 
members proved up on their homesteads 
they began to scatter again, and soon left 
the Salem church with a membership of 
seventy-five; two preachers and four dea- 
cons, with Eld. J. W. Shively in charge. 

We had many good revival meetings, at 
one time taking into the church forty-one by 
baptism and reclaiming one. 

We are looking forward to another good 
revival in June. 

Newville, N. Dak. 


The Missionary Visitor 




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Salem Church 

Bowden Valley and Golden Willow Churches 

Wm. J. McCann 

JUNE 19, 1902, the Brethren of Wells 
County, N. Dak., with Elders David 
Niccum and Fred Culp, of the Carring- 
ton church, met at a schoolhouse — known as 
the A. B. Long school — and effected an or- 
ganization known as the Wells County- 
church. There were at this time three set- 
tlements of the Brethren in Wells County, 
known respectively as the Fike, Sheets, and 
Hebron settlements, the two extremes being 
thirty miles apart, and each point from fif- 
teen to twenty miles from the others. 

Services were conducted at the three 
points in schoolhouses and in homes of the 
Brethren, and for some time love feasts oc- 
casionally were held in granaries. Finally 
we succeeded in getting a house of worship 
in the Sheets settlement, which answered 
as a central point for love feasts and coun- 
cils. The church grew nicely for a short 
time, but soon emigration took most of the 
members in the vicinity of the churchhouse 
to other parts. Then in 1911 the other two 
settlements were divided and dropped the 
name of Wells County church. The Fike 
Brethren took the name of Bowden Valley, 
and the Hebron Brethren, Golden Willow. 

The Bowden Valley church has a nice lit- 
tle churchhouse, with a membership of 

about twenty-four, but has no resident min- 
ister. They have been without a minister 
for some time, occasionally having services 
supplied by some neighboring minister every 
few weeks, and again being without preach- 
ing for months. They have, however, mair- 
tained a Sunday-school through the summer 
months. Here is a fine opening for some 
energetic young minister who is hindered 
in his development by the lack of oppor- 
tunity where he is, to develop and become 
more efficient in the Master's service. 

The Golden Willow church prospered and 
had a fine little band of members, but 
through emigration and death our ranks 
have been depleted until only a few remain. 
The late epidemic sorely afflicted us by tak- 
ing away Bro. John Clapper and wife. There 
are a few faithful ones remaining, and a 
large band of young people who should be 
gathered into the fold. 

Bro. Geo. Clapper and the writer are the 
ministers at present. We are trying to hold 
the fort, and feel that we must have the 
prayers of the brethren in order that we 
may grow and become strong in the Lord. 

May His Spirit lead us into better service 
this year. 

Sykeston, N. Dak. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Ellison Church 

Joseph Burkholder and Wife 

JUNE 11, 1898, the members of the north 
end of the Cando church met at the 
barn of Bro. Frank Brunas, to organize 
into a body by themselves, so as to do more 
and better work for the Master. This meeting 
was attended by about eighty-five members. 
Bro. J. C. Seibert and Bro. A. B. Peters, of 
the Cando church, were present to help in 
effecting the organization. Bro. Seibert was 
moderator. The name given to this body 
of members was Rocklake. There were in 
the territory two elders, Brethren J. L. 
Thomas and Joseph Holder; Bro. A. B. 
Woodard, in the second degree of the min- 
istry, and four deacons. 

The territory was large, being fifty miles 
east and west, and thirty miles north and 
south, with members scattered all over it. 

The first love feast was held July 4, 1898, 
in Bro. Frank Brunas' barn, with a large 
number of people. About one hundred 
members surrounded the Lord's tables. 

In the spring of 1899, the territory being 
so large it was decided to organize Moun- 
tain congregation. At this time an effort 
was made to build a house of worship, but 
it failed to mature. The church had many 
ups and downs in its beginning, but came 
out all the brighter by passing through the 
trials. Bro. J. L. Thomas was elder up to 
this time. Bro. Andrew Nelier was now 
given the oversight. 

April 7, 1900, it was decided by the church 
to divide the territory again, and the West 
Rocklake church was organized, making 
the territory still smaller. Bro. J. L. Thom- 
as was elected elder at this time. Another 
attempt was made to build a house of wor- 
ship, but it also failed. 

July 7, 1900, the first election for minis- 
ters was held, the lot falling on Brethren 
A. M. Sharp and J. M. Markley. At the 
same time and place Bro. J. H. Fike was or- 
dained to the eldership. Bro. J. L. Thomas 
was elder till he moved away in the fall of 

1900. Bro. J. H. Fike then took the charge 
and was elder till he also moved in April, 

1901. Bro. Levi Mohler was then given the 
oversight of the church. April 26, 1902, 
Brethren J. W. Deardorff and R. M. Shook 
were elected to the ministry. At this time 

the members of the south end of the terri- 
tory began to make preparations to build a 
house in which to worship. It was com- 
pleted in the fall of 1902 and was called the 
Pleasant View house. In the spring of 1903 
the members at the north end of the terri- 
tory built a house of worship, which was 
called the Ellison house. 

July 9, 1904, Bro. A. M. Sharp was or- 
dained to eldership, and has since served 
this church at different times. In 1905 an- 
other election was held, the lot falling on 
Bro. Charles Deardorff to the ministry, and 
Bro. W. H. Deardorff to the deacon's office. 
For about two years the north end of the 
territory had no minister, but the pulpit 
was filled by the brethren from the south- 
end. Bro. J. H. Brubaker moved among us 
in the spring of 1906, and on July 9, 1906, 
was ordained to eldership and given charge 
of the church. Now the church thought 
best to organize the south end of the terri- 
tory into a body by itself, and it became 
known as the Egeland church. July 4, 1908, 
an election was held for a minister, the lot 
falling on W. A. Deardorff. In the fall of 
1912 Bro. J. H. Brubaker moved away. Bro. 
A. M. Sharp again took charge until, in the 
fall of 1913, Bro J. C. Forney, of Kenmare, 
moved among us and was given charge of 
the church. In 1915 it was decided to 
change the name of the church to Ellison, 
as the name of Rocklake was rather mis- 
leading, since the churchhouse is seven 
miles east of the village of Rocklake. 

June 26, 1917, Bro. Lewis Hyde was elect- 
ed to the ministry and is now attending 
Bethany Bible School. Since the organ- 
ization of this church one hundred have 
been baptized, and 150 more^received by 
letter. We have had an evergreen Sunday- 
school for twenty years. We have had a 
series of meetings of from two to three 
weeks every year since the church was or- 
ganized in 1898. Everything seems to be 
in good working order, with a real live 

This congregation has entertained two 
District Meetings, one in July, 1909, and one 
in 1916. 

Rocklake, N. Dak. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Brumbaugh Church 

Geo. C. Deardorff 

THE Brumbaugh church, by which 
name we are known at present, is the 
west part of the Rock Lake congre- 
gation, which was organized about 1897. 
This was only about one year after the 
Brethren had been known in this part of 
North Dakota. First, Bro. A. B. Wood- 
ward settled in this community in 1896; 
then in a few months other Brethren settled 
here, and by the fall of 1897 we were pretty 
well established in this part of the country. 

Being located on our various homesteads, 
the next thing was to get a place of wor- 
ship. The brethren and sisters were called 
together and an organization was effected, 
taking for the church name Rock Lake. All 
worked together as one congregation for 
the high aim in view, but seeing that better 
results would come from division of our 
territory, a line was drawn north and south 
and a special meeting was called April 21, 
1900, to organize. 

Eld. Joseph Myers, then residing in Can- 
do, helped with the organization. We took 
the name of West Rock Lake. After our 
boundary line was drawn we had about 100 
members, with Brethren Joseph Holder, 
elder, A. B. Woodard and A. S. Cool, min- 
isters, three deacons, and plenty of good 
material for both ministers and deacons. 

June 1, 1901, the church saw fit to call 
Brethren J. E. Morphew and Geo. E. Dear- 

dorff to the ministry, and John Goodyear, 
Monroe Huff, and Robert Madeford to the 
office of deacon. Bro. Joseph Holder, being 
our elder in charge, remained with us until 
the fall of 1902. 

The following spring Bro. John Deal, of 
Pyrmont, Ind., moved into our midst and 
labored with us as elder in charge for a 
number of years. In the summer of 1904 
we built our churchhouse. The work pros- 
pered, the membership increased, and we 
felt we needed more official help. On Oct. 
28, 1906, another call was made, which re- 
sulted in electing Brethren J. B. Deardorff 
and M. L. Huffman to the ministry and W. 
A. Deardorff, J. E. Deardorff, Will Lines, 
deacons. In 1909 our churchhouse was 
moved from the country to its present lo- 
cation in Brumbaugh, with full basement 
and house, all complete. 

During these years Brethren E. H. Stauf- 
fer, Isaac Brower and J. E. Brooks moved 
into our midst and helped in the ministerial 
work. Emigration has been one of the 
greatest hindrances for the past few years. 
At one council meeting there were twenty- 
one letters granted, most of the members 
going farther west; also a number of our 
workers were called by death. At the pres- 
ent time we have about forty members. 
Elders M. L. Huffman and John Deal have 
care of the little flock. 

Rock Lake, N. Dak. 

After a Love Feast in Bro. Cannon's Barn 


The Missionary Visitor 


Kenmare Church 

Elsie Larsen 

DURING the spring of 1897 a few 
families of members from different 
States moved onto homesteads 
around Kenmare, N. Dak., then little more 
than a whistling station. The surrounding 
country was a vast expanse of gently-roll- 
ing prairie. Sunday-school and church serv- 
ices were soon started and conducted regu- 
larly in the different homes. 

In July, 1897, they were organized into 
a body for more definite work, with nine- 
teen charter members, including two min- 
isters and two deacons, one minister being 
ordained to the eldership the coming fall. 
Only two of the charter members remain: 
Brother M. F. Harris and wife (deacons). 

Eld. J. A. Weaver (now deceased) pre- 
sided at the organization arid was given the 
oversight of the new congregation, which 
was then named Des Lac Valley church, but 
upon the completion of our present house 
of worship in 1907, which was built in the 
city of Kenmare, the name of the congre- 
gation was changed to Kenmare church. 

The following elders, respectively, have 
had charge of this congregation since its 
origin: J. A. Weaver, J. C. Forney, James 
Harp, D. F. Landis, D. M. Shorb and G. I. 
Michael. The last named, who is our pres- 
ent elder, was called to the ministry and 
also ordained to the eldership in this church. 

A call was made for the District Meeting, 
which was held in this church in July, 1908. 
Owing to the earnest efforts of the members 
and the hearty cooperation of the citizens 
of Kenmare, it was a meeting long to be re- 
membered by those in attendance. 

At the disorganization of the Bowbells 
church, in 1910, the few members who were 
left were given letters which were handed 
into the Kenmare church, the writer being 
among the number. 

Ours has been an evergreen Sunday- 
school with good attendance. It is also 
more than self-supporting. The collection 
on the first Sunday of each month is used 
for the support of a native worker in China, 
while that on each fifth Sunday is sent to 
the General Sunday School Board. We also 
pay our District Secretary two dollars per 

quarter, which is taken from our Sunday- 
school support of the remaining three Sun- 
days of each month. For the past five years 
we have held joint Sunday-school conven- 
tions with three of our sister churches. 
They proved to be very enthusiastic and 

Our quarterly councils are held regularly. 
Christian Workers' meetings, teachers' 
meetings, and teacher-training classes are 
being held at different times. As the mem- 
bers are somewhat scattered, it is quite dif- 
ficult during part of the year to have more 
than Sunday-school and preaching services 
each Sunday. Missionary sermons have 
been preached and temperance and mission- 
ary programs frequently rendered with 
much enthusiasm. 

Our present membership of forty-six, 
representing fourteen families, includes one 
elder, one minister and four deacons. Our 
church is large enough to accommodate sev- 
eral times that number, and our field is 
great, but the workers are few and scatter- 
ing. How we would appreciate the help of 
earnest workers who could see the need of 
locating among us. 

Bowbells. N. Dak. 

The heathen are " poor " because we are 
keeping back their share of the inheritance 
which God left us to give them. 

Bro. Lookingbill Baptizing 


The Missionary Visitor 


Columbia Church 

Vada Row 

THE Columbia church is in the bounds 
of the James River congregation. 
In the spring of 1897, my parents, 
Brother and Sister D. Aultman, emigrated 
to Eddy County and settled in this commu- 
nity. They were members of the Clear 
Creek church of Huntington County, Indi- 
ana. We had always been used to going to 
Sunday-school each Sabbath at the Brick 
church, as it was called, and now we missed 
the privilege very much. 

Through the efforts of the people of the 
neighborhood we held a union Sunday- 
school in our schoolhouse, and occasionally 
a Norwegian minister would meet with us, 
giving a part of his sermon in Norwegian 
and a part in English. 

Brother and Sister Aultman and daughter 
Maggie placed their letters in the Carring- 
ton church, as that was the nearest congre* 
gation. Quite often they would drive there, 
a distance of about twenty miles, especially 
at love-feast time. 

In 1902 H. J. Row and family moved here 
from Adel, Iowa, Sister Ella Row being a 
member of the Panther Creek church. In 
the meantime the James River congregation 
had been separated from the Carrington, 
and Sister Row became a member there. 
Sister Row was very much interested in the 
work for her Master, and often drove to 
the church on the hill to attend services and 
the love feasts. 

Through her efforts Bro. Niccum, the 
elder of the James River congregation, came 
quite frequently and held several services 
in the schoolhouse, which has been re- 
modeled into the Columbia church. It 
was a great blessing to have this community 
hear the sweet old story that he brought 
to them. 

Near this time Brother and Sister Wm. 
Click, from Virginia, settled in this locality, 
and became members of the Carrington con- 
gregation. Bro. Ebersole also held a few 
meetings at Tiffany, N. Dak. 

About 1910 Brother and Sister Henry Get- 
ty moved here from Colorado, and by their 
efforts, especially Sister Getty's, a good 
many home department meetings have been 

held, and many more children learned about 
our Savior. 

In 1911 Bro. W. A. Deardorff came to 
Brantford, N. Dak., and held a week's 
meetings. These sermons were very much 
appreciated, especially by the pioneer mem- 

For a number of years previous to this a 
splendid union Sunday-school was held with 
Mrs. Perry Anderson as superintendent. 
She was a Methodist and was greatly in- 
terested in this work. 

In the spring of 1911 Brother and Sister 
Fred Burns and family moved here from 
Adel, Iowa. Their daughter Mary also was 
a member. By the efforts of this family, as- 
sisted by Sister Row, Brother and Sister 
Aultman and Brother and Sister Getty, there 
seemed to be a general awakening, and the 
prayers of these pioneer members were be- 
ing answered. 

Bro. D. M. Shorb, of Surrey, N. Dak. 
(being a relative of the Burns family), 
came to visit them and soon began to hold 
services for us. We were strong spiritually, 
but not strong enough in numbers, and so 
asked for support. The Mission Board came 
to our aid and by our paying half of the 
expenses we were able to have preaching 
services every two weeks. This work came 
very slowly, but words cannot express the 
enjoyment the members experienced, along 
with the spiritual blessings. 

Our first members were added to the con- 
gregation by baptism May 25, 1913. Sister 
A. J. Richter was the first one baptized; 
then Bro. W. A. Aultman, Sister Ida and 
Bessie Burns (nee Richter). 

Our first series of meetings was held by 
Bro. D. M. Shorb in June, 1913, and eight 
more received baptism. Bro. Shorb's words 
came so freely, and each text was filled with 
such rich blessings that each soul seemed 
filled with new life. 

The following year Bro. D. M. Shorb 
again held our meeting. These services 
were conducted in a large tent, which was 
secured from the District Mission Board. 
Five precious souls received baptism. Bro. 
M. W. Emmert visited us in the autumn of 


The Missionary Visitor 


this year in the interest of Mt. Morris Col- 

Bro. Chas. Row, from Adel, Iowa, met 
with us for a series of meetings in June, 
1915. Several more were received into the 
kingdom. Previously our series of meet- 
ings had always closed with a love feast, 
but this year we opened our series with the 
love feast. 

I think that in July of this year we or- 
ganized our church, Bro. D. M. Shorb of- 
ficiating. This matter had been discussed 
pro and con. The James River congrega- 
tion (the mother church) didn't like to have 
the two congregations separated, so the 
church was organized, being named the 
Columbia church, in the bounds of the James 
River congregation. 

In November, 1915, Bro. W. R. Miller, 
of Michigan, spent a week with us, showing 
his stereopticon views of the Holy Land, 
giving a very complete exposition of each 

December, 1915, Bro. W. A. Deardorff and 
family moved into our midst and we were 
surely glad. Now we had services every 
Sunday. He also conducted a singing 
school, which was a great help to the mem- 
bers. At our next council Bro. Deardorff 
was elected elder, and has worked very 
faithfully with us ever since. He held the 
series of meetings in June, 1916, and at the 
close we held a Sunday-school convention. 
It was during this time, when we were all 
rejoicing and trying to enumerate our spir- 
itual blessings, that little Vernon Deardorff 
was called by his heavenly Father; and in 
another month Bro. Fred Burns, our Sun- 
day-school superintendent, also was called, 
answering the summons of death only to 
awaken in the home above. 

Bro. David Miller and family moved into 
our neighborhood during the autumn. The 
interest he took in our church strengthened 
it very much, and we always are glad to 
listen to his interesting discourses. 

Brother and Sister Isaac Miller spent a 
season here with their daughters, and dur- 
ing that time Bro. Miller often preached for 
us, and officiated at our love feasts. 

Bro. J. R. Smith, of Carrington, N. Dak., 
often met with us during our missionary 

Bro. Alfred Kreps, of Carrington, N. 

Dak., always comes as a blessing in times of 
need, for he is with us during most of our 
love feasts and Sunday-school conventions. 

Bro. Ed Huffman, en route from St. Jo- 
seph, Mo., to his farm at Egeland, N. Dak., 
always stops to spend a fortnight with rela- 
tives, and many times gives us a splendid 
discourse when here on the Sabbath Day. 

A number of other visiting brethren have 
been with us in the past six years. "Uncle" 
Mose Deardorff spent one Sabbath with us, 
and well I remember how much we enjoyed 
the words spoken to us. 

Bro. Eby organized a mission class in 
1917, with Sister M. Deardorff as instructor. 
There were ten graduates. 

Bro. John Heckman has visited us several 

In the summer of 1918 Bro. Dan Dear- 
dorff, of Surrey, N. Dak., held our series of 
meetings. His carefully-prepared sermons 
were greatly enjoyed and we feel as if much 
good seed has been sown. Sister Rose 
Brower, of York, N. Dak., conducted a sing- 
ing class, which helped create an interest in 
the song services. 

Bro. W. A. Deardorff, feeling the need of 
help in his work, requested to have a minis- 
ter elected. Bro. J. O. Click was elected 
and installed into the ministry, preaching 
his first sermon in August, 1918. Bro. 
Click is now a student at Bethany Bible 

The Lord saw need of another of our 
workers, and in July called Bro. D. Ault- 
man. He was one of the earlier members 
of this congregation, and took much interest 
in Sunday-school work. 

Our Sunday-school has progressed nicely, 
but it seems difficult for our church to 
thrive, as so many of our members have 
moved away. We send forth our prayers, 
that more members may take their places 
and our loss may be some other congrega- 
gation's gain. 

Our work also was checked by the terrible 
epidemic, influenza, there being but one 
service in four months. We now have com- 
menced our Sunday-school and church serv- 
ices, and we ask your prayers in our behalf 
for a prosperous year. Our plea is Psalm 
16: 1: " Preserve me, O God: for in Thee do 
I put my trust." 

Brantford, N. Dak. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Carrington Churchhouse 

The Carrington Church 

J. S. Sheaffer 

THROUGH the influence and prom- 
ises of the Northern Pacific Rail- 
road Company, in the spring of 1896 
a committee of thirteen, mostly from Indi- 
ana, were appointed to investigate the mer- 
its of the country in Foster, Eddy and Wells 
Counties of North Dakota. They were so 
well pleased with the outlook that steps 
were immediately taken to locate a colony. 
Three townships of railroad land were re- 
served for the Brethren, with a promise that 
when fifty families were located a donation 
of $500 would be given toward building a 
churchhouse. June 10, 1896, the brethren 
and sisters in the vicinity of Carrington met 
in council and organized the Carrington 
church, and although the required number 
of letters had not been reached, the pros- 
pects were so glowing that the company 
agent said they should have a churchhouse 
of their own before fall. The new settlers 
took right hold of the matter and on July 1 
the contract for the building was let for 
$1,723, towards which the land department 
and officials of the Northern Pacific donated 
$750, instead of the $500 promised, and it 
was regarded as a wise investment. It was 

the first churchhouse of the Brethren built 
in the State and was dedicated Sept. 6, 1896. 
Eld. I. J. Rosenberger, of Covington, Ohio, 
was chosen to preside over the service, as- 
sisted by a number of other visiting 
brethren. On the evening of Sept. 8 the first 
love feast was held and was partaken of by 
sixty-seven communicants. 

In 1897 the church territory of the State 
was divided about midway between the Can- 
do church on the north and the Carrington 
church on the south. 

In 1898 the second District Meeting of the 
State was held at Carrington, at which time 
140 members were reported. In 1900 the 
number had increased to 250. From that 
time the territory has been divided and sub- 
divided until our territory is only fourteen 
miles wide and about sixty long, with the 
James River church adjoining on the east, 
Bowden and Golden Willow on the west, 
Englevale on the south, and Flora on the 
north, all formerly a part of the Carring- 
ton church. Emigration and other causes 
have decreased our membership to thirty- 
six, of whom there are only two, L. M. 
Thomas and wife, of the charter members 


The Missionary Visitor 


remaining. Our elder, Alfred Kreps, lives 
eleven miles from the churchhouse. The 
majority of our members live from six to 
twenty miles from the churchhouse. Our 
attendance is not as regular as it should be. 

We need a live young minister arid wife, 
who have had some experience in city mis- 
sion work, to revive and build up the cause 
here in town. 

Carrington, N. Dak. 

Englevale Church 

C. M. Crill 

IN the southeastern part of North Dako- 
ta, in Ransom County, is a little band 
of members known as the Englevale 
church. At one time the work here appeared 
promising and seemed to prosper under the 
leadership of Bro. J. R. Smith, now of 
Nebraska. A neat little churchhouse was 
built and dedicated to the service of the 
Master. But for a number of years they 
have been without ministerial help, and 
today, as a result, the churchhouse stands 
unused. Who would be willing to sacrifice 
enough to locate in a place of this kind and 
help to reestablish and direct the work for 

About forty miles west of here, near 
Edgely, N. Dak., is a mission point known 
as Willow Grove. Under the direction of 
the Mission Board this point was opened 
in March, 1915, by Bro. J. R. Smith, who 
made regular trips there for some time. 

Dec. 21, 1915, was the first time the ordi- 

nance of baptism, as conducted by our peo- 
ple, was witnessed in this community, and 
the next day the first love feast was held, 
with six communicants. In June, 1917, Bro. 
J. F. Swallow held a series of meetings and 
baptized six. Sept. 29, 1917, the first coun- 
cil was held, at which time Bro. J. R. Suter 
was called to the ministry and Caleb Hain- 
line and Sylvan Steman to the deacon's 
office, Brethren D. T. Dierdorff and J. R. 
Smith officiating. Thanksgiving Day, 1917, 
Bro. Suter baptized his first applicant. In 
June, 1918, Bro. Swallow held another meet- 
ing, baptizing four more. The present mem- 
bership numbers fifteen. 

Eld. D. T. Dierdorff, of Surrey, has 
charge of these two points, but on account 
of distance and poor railroad connections 
is unable to get there except occasionally 
to a council or love feast. 

They need the encouragement and pray- 
ers of the Brotherhood. 

Minot Church 

Ray Harris 

SEEING an opportunity, and feeling that 
the time was ripe, the members of our 
church District, assembled in District 
Meeting at Berthold, N. Dak., June 28, 1906, 
granted the request of the Surrey church 
to place a missionary in the city of Minot, 
one who would devote his entire time to the 
work. A subscription of $2,217.40 in cash 
and pledges was given to begin the work. 

Brethren J. E. Smith and Albert Crites 
were given permission at the same meeting 
to open a Sunday-school, which they con- 
ducted until they moved from the city. It 
was then taken up by Brethren J. M. My- 
ers and W. W. Gunther, who conducted it 
until the fall of 1910. Then D. W. Shock, 

the first missionary placed by the Mission 
Board, took up his work in the city. Nine 
months later he was succeeded by Bro. D. 
F. Landis, who was followed six years there- 
after by Bro. I. H. Fox, who has been with 
the church one year and one month, but has 
left to take up the work at Brooklyn, Iowa. 

Feb. 12, 1912, we were organized into a 
church with twenty-seven charter members. 

In the thirteen years since the work was 
started there have been thirty-six baptisms. 
Our present membership is forty-seven. 

We would rejoice to have workers move 
among us, for the work truly is great and 
the laborers are few. 

Minot, N. Dak. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Interior of the Minot Church 

Valley Church 

R. G. Mahugh 

IN November, 1909, the writer and others 
moved to this place and settled on gov- 
ernment land. Up to this time this 
country was known as the ranchers' pasture, 
no farming being done at all; nothing but 
cattle and sheep roaming over the broad 
prairies; no schools, no churches, and no 
one to give thanks to God for the privileges 

But a change was dawning, for the peo- 
ple began to come and build schools and 
churches and hold religious services. 

In the summer of 1911 Bro. W. W. Kelt- 
ner, of Williston, N. Dak., held a series of 
meetings and added ten to our number. We 
were then a part of the Medicine Lake 
church, later called the Grand View church. 

In March, 1914, Eld. J. E. Keller (de- 
ceased) and C. H. Petry came to organize 
us into a church body. We met at the home 
of C. Gilbert, ten miles south of Glasgow, 
and perfected an organization with twenty- 
six charter members and three deacons. 

Our boundary lines then were something 
like one hundred and fifty miles east and 
west, with the Canadian border the north 
line, extending south about one hundred and 
fifty miles or more. Since then our terri- 
tory has been somewhat reduced. 

When we organized we expected some 
minister would become interested and move 
into our little band, but up to the present 
time we have no resident minister. Eld. 

A. M. Swihart, of the Poplar Valley church, 
is our present elder. 

Our membership has been greatly reduced 
during the past year by deaths and emigra- 
tion, until at present we have one deacon 
and twenty members living within a radius 
of twenty-five miles and others living from 
fifty to seventy-five miles from here. 

In September, 1918, Bro. D. M. Shorb, of 
Surrey, N. Dak., held a few meetings, which 
resulted in five baptisms, and at the same 
time we drove a distance of fifty miles to 
hold a love feast for an aged couple. There 
were five cars, all loaded to capacity. 

We have been working at a disadvantage 
all these years by having no resident minis- 
ter, but we are thankful for the faithful ones. 
We are trying to keep the Gospel Messenger 
on the reading table of all members and as 
many non-members as possible. 

At the Galpin Union chapel we have a 
wide-awake union Sunday-school, with an 
organized young people's class; also Chris- 
tian Workers' meeting. The writer has been 
Sunday-school superintendent for almost 
three years. 

Through cooperation with our efficient 
District Mission Board we have had some 
preaching, although it has been irregular. 
We are thankful for what has been done. 
We are still praying and living in hopes for 
the work here. 

Nashua, Mont. 


The Missionary Visitor 


,:,.^S^;-.;:^ , v::::^.':-:r'::i;r;;! 

District Meeting, 1917, Grand View Church 

The Grand View Church 

J. S. Geiser 

JULY, 4, 1908, eighteen charter members 
met at the home of Bro. Robert L. 
Cookson, about twenty-eight miles 
northeast of Culbertson, Mont., and organ- 
ized the Medicine Lake church. All of them 
were homesteaders clustering around Eld. 
J. E. Keller, the pioneer missionary of the 
Church of the Brethren, to the northeastern 
part of Montana. This church had its own 
special home missionaries, who proved their 
love and devotion to Christ and the church 
by service, and to whom the present church 
stands as a memorial. The same can be 
said of those churches organized from live 
mission points in her territory. 

Bro. J. E. Keller presided at the organ- 
ization and was elected first presiding elder. 
He was also chosen as delegate to the Dis- 
trict Meeting of 1908, then the District of 
North Dakota, Northern Minnesota, and 
Western Canada, held at Kenmare, N. Dak., 
July, 1908, at which time the organization 
of the Medicine Lake church was accepted. 

The first love feast, July 18, 1908, was 
held in Bro. Chalmer Barley's barn. At this 
time Bro. I. M. McCune was elected to the 
ministry, and Brethren W. E. Seank and 
R. L. Cookson were elected deacons, Eld. 
H. C. Longanecker, of North Dakota, of- 

The church territory is bounded on the 
north by Canada, on the east by North Da- 

kota, on the south by Wyoming, and on the 
west by the western boundary line of Valley 
County, adjoining the Milk River church. 
Territory — over one hundred miles east and 
west, and over two hundred miles north and 

Sept. 25, 1913, permission was granted 
the members living around Glasgow, Mont., 
to organize, and the Valley church is the 
result of that effort. 

Now that the United States has adopted 
prohibition, in the form of an amendment to 
the constitution, it may be of special interest 
to note here that on March 28, 1914, the 
Medicine Lake church of Montana decided 
to sign the SheppardjHobson resolution for 
nation-wide prohibition and send it in to the 
proper officials at Washington, D. C. 

The Quintmeyer Mission was started by 
Bro. Keller. The result was so encouraging 
that a nice ehurchhouse was built, the dedi- 
catory service being conducted by Eld. Wm. 
Bixler, July 4, 1914. Near this church Bro. 
I. M. McCune lived prior to his going to 
Canada; also Bro. Joseph Sorensen and his 
wife, who died of the " flu " in December, 
1918. Oi all the members who lived near 
this mission only Brother an$l Sister Chris. 
Willumsen remain, and they are faithful, 
thank God! 

Our brethren conducted a mission at Mc- 
Cabe for some time with encouraging re- 


The Missionary Visitor 


suits, but the members, having all moved to 
more suitable locations, this mission was 
discontinued in 1918. 

In 1914 Bro. Keller began services at the 
Paxton Mission, where Brother and Sister 
Amos Jacobs and family live. This mission 
has been kept up with very good results, 
and last summer three of Brother and Sister 
Jacobs' sons were received into the fold by 
baptism. Though this point is fully . one 
hundred miles from the mother church, Bro. 
Keller made several trips down there, driv- 
ing, not with auto, but with horses. There 
is excellent opening here for our brethren. 

At Scobey Mission our brethren conduct- 
ed services in the home of Brother and Sis- 
ter Deacons, who lived near Scobey. Bro. 
W. W. Keltner, of Williston, N. Dak., and 
Bro. Keller, and Wm. H. Eiler, of Medicine 
Lake church, did much of the preaching at 
this mission. 

At Seips Mission, Bro. Aaron M. Swihart 
and wife and a number of other members 
had formed a nucleus for another church, 
and in 1917, by the authority of our District 
Meeting, Elders G. N. Falkenstein and J. 
S. Geiser assisted in organizing the Scobey 
and Seips Mission members into what is now 
known as the Poplar Valley congregation. 
At this organization Bro. Aaron M. Swihart 
was ordained to the eldership with his wife. 
Bro. Jesse D. Brown was elected to the min- 
istry, and, with his wife, installed, and Bro. 
Brechbeil was called to the deacon's officv 

At Bruce Mission, about one hundred 
miles northwest of Miles City, lived Sister 

Sarah Vannoy, whose love for the church 
never waned. Here Bro. Falkenstein visited 
in 1917, and through him appeal was sent to 
our District for organization, which was 
granted. Aug. 14, 1917, Elders C. A. Myer, 
of Williston, N. Dak., and J. S. Geiser, of 
Medicine Lake church, organized the Bruce 
Mission into what is known as the Pioneer 
congregation. Eld. George H. Brallier was 
chosen as the presiding elder. Brother and 
Sister A. E. Finnifrock and Bro. Judson 
Vannoy were elected deacons. 

Sept. 28, 1916, the Medicine Lake congre- 
gation changed her name to Grand View. 
The present membership is about one hun- 
dred. The ministers who served in the 
Grand View church are as follows: 

Eld. J. E. Keller, serving as presiding 
elder for some years. 

Eld. D. F. Landis served as presiding 
elder for several years. 

J. S. Geiser served as presiding officer 
seventeen months. 

O. A. Myer served often as assistant elder 
and in 1918 was elected as presiding elder, 
and is now the presiding elder. 

Brethren I. M. McCune, Wm. H. Eiler, 
Aaron M. Swihart, and Guy Kao have 
served faithfully in the ministry. 

We need, first, ministers, ministers, minis- 
ters, of the real sacrificing and serving type. 

Second, men and women whose hearts, 
purses, homes and all they have, are fully 
converted and consecrated to Christ and the 

Froid, Mont. 

Dining Room Tent at District Meeting, Froid, Montana 


The Missionary Visitor 


" Go Ye into All the World " 

George Strycker 

AT the Annual Conference of 1907 
there were queries asking that the 
Church of the Brethren make special 
preparations to commemorate the two hun- 
dredth anniversary, at the Conference of 
1908. There were several calls for this spe- 
cial Conference — one from the East, and one 
from the Middle West. Strong claims for 
both locations were presented. Many 
seemed to feel that such a commemoration 
should be held in the old mother church of 
America. But the plea from the Middle 
West, that, rather than have it said that 
here is where we were two hundred years 
ago, it were better to say, " Praise God, His 
kingdom has spread over the entire con- 
tinent and even reached the western shores," 
seems to have 'been nearest our text, or at 
least the delegates so decided, for the Con- 
ference was held at Des Moines, Iowa. Ex- 
perience has taught us that home and moth- 
er mean much, but the Master speaks, "Go 
ye into all the world." 

With a desire that God's kingdom might 
still spread more, a number of brethren and 
sisters, with Bro. A. B. Peters, of Northern 
Indiana, as a leader, emigrated to the great 
Northwest. The eastern part of North Da- 
kota was thought at the time to be as far 
west as it would be safe to go — that the 
rainfall farther west would not be sufficient 
for farming. Here, in a very short time, 
five churches were organized and began 
work. Many who had no homes received 
free government land. It was soon found 
that a separate State District was needed, 
and this was organized Nov. 4, 1897, the 
conference being held in the Cando church, 
the home of Bro. Peters. The new District 
of members looked to Jehovah for success. 
Many from the east and south joined the 
number. Soon more territory was needed, 
and behold, it was found that the Lord did, 
after all, let it rain a little farther west! 
That there are now churches organized in 
almost the eastern half of Montana is en- 
couraging. But to the north, just a few 
miles, is the international boundary line. 
Some imagine it a great wall, or fence, with 
police stationed on guard, so that no one 
could pass without danger. Some spoke of 

the " falling-off place," but Eld. J. A. Weav- 
er, who then lived at Bowbells, N. Dak., 
had occasion (accompanied by the writer) 
to drive across this mysterious line. We 
saw no wall, no fence, no police, but in- 
stead, we 'received a hearty invitation to 
come over and enjoy their free country. 
Now there are six or eight congregations. 
But what are they among so many? We 
hope and pray that through them, some- 
how, the hungry millions may be fed. It 
is encouraging that through the terrible 
war, just ended, our Dominion Government 
recognized the doctrine of " Peace on earth 
and good will toward men." 

We are anxiously looking forward to July 
8, 9, and 10 of this year. Our State District 
for the first time will hold a District Con- 
ference in Canada. The location for this 
conference is at Gleichen, Alta., in the Bow 
Valley congregation. With this very large 
prospective territory all in one State Dis- 
trict on the frontier, we, the Mission Board, 
find many problems hard to solve. When 
we were boys there often were six or eight 
ministers behind a twelve-foot table. Now, 
many localities have only one minister and 
are unable to fill many calls. 

The Mission Board is encouraged by the 
fact that funds are coming. At the last 
District Conference over $1,000 was given 
for missions. But where are the men for 
service? On the streets of Wichita, Kans., 
in 1917, the writer saw people carrying a 
banner with these words, " Your last chance 
to volunteer." If the church could realize 
that possibly it is the last chance to oj|£4*_ 
salvation to the world there might be more 
volunteers for the Master. We appeal to 
young brethren who are living in churches 
where the ranks are full. We believe the 
command, to " Go into all the world," does 
not mean to neglect those along the way. 

If you would like to be one on the frontier 
(either young or old) to offer " peace " to 
people who have it not, the Mission Board 
would appreciate your correspondence and 
cooperation in our large field of opportu- 
nities. For information, please write to O. 
A. Myer, of Williston, N. Dak., secretary of 
the Mission Board. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Willis'con Congregation 

The Williston Church 

I. M. Kauffman 

IN 1902 Bro. D. F. Landis and family 
and Bro. James Brown and family- 
moved from Indiana and located on the 
Indian Reservation, ten miles west of Wil- 
liston. The next spring other members be- 
gan to locate near them. Bro. Landis took 
up the work of assisting the Brethren in 
locating here, and tried to keep them as 
close together as possible, so they might 
have better church privileges. In the early 
spring of 1903 a Sunday-school was organ- 
ized, with Bro. Landis acting as superin- 

June 27, 1903, a called church council was 
held in the Methodist church of Williston, 
at which time the church was organized. Eld. 
Daniel Whitmer, of Tioga, acted as moder- 
ator of the meeting and was chosen as pre- 
siding elder. Bro. Landis was elected 
church clerk and correspondent; Bro. W. 
W. Keltner, church treasurer. The letters 
of fifteen members were read and accepted. 
They included one minister and one deacon, 
all coming from Indiana, excepting Bro. 
Keltner and family, of Illinois. Before the 
close of the year there were twenty-five 
members, and at the end of 1904 the mem- 
bership had increased to forty-nine. 

In June, 1904, Bro. Landis was elected and 
installed in the ministry. In June, 1905, 
Brethren W. W. Keltner and H. A. Kauff- 

man were elected and installed in the minis- 
try. In 1906 Brethren John Beehler and 
I. M. Kauffman and wife were elected and 
installed into the deacon's office. 

In 1907 a commodious churchhouse was 
built. It was dedicated the latter part of 
October, the same year. The church kept 
growing and much good was accomplished. 

In the fall of 1907 the Williston church 
was divided into two congregations, known 
as the Ray and Williston congregations. 

In 1910 Bro. O. A. Myer and wife were 
elected and installed in the ministry. Bro. 
T. M. Borntrager was elected and installed 
in the deacon's office Nov. 1, 1913. 

Bro. W. A. Deardorff and wife were with 
us last June and gave us two weeks of very 
inspiring sermons, Sister Deardorff conduct- 
ing the song service. 

At the present time Bro. O. A. Myer is 
our elder, with Bro. W. W. Keltner assist- 
ing in the ministry. Brethren B. H. Frank 
and I. M. Kauffman are the deacons. 

Although our church services were some- 
what handicapped through the winter by in- 
fluenza, and some of the members moving 
into town, we trust, now that spring has 
come, we may all go to work with new 
vigor and courage. 

Pray for us while we work. 

Williston, N. Dak. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bethany Church 

Levi Fisher 

DURING the spring and summer of 
1899 a few families of members from 
various places moved to homesteads 
in the vicinity of Perth, N. Dak. Sunday- 
school was soon started, as they desired to 
give some expression to that longing for 
fellowship and service, so characteristic of 
normal mankind. 

April 15 we held our first council meet- 
ing, at Bro. S. M. Neher's, with Bro. J. L. 
Thomas presiding. This being in the bounds 
of the Rock Lake church, yet a distance of 
about twenty-five miles from the main body 
of members, it was decided at this meeting 
that we form an organization of our own. 
Accordingly we met June 3 at the home of 
Bro. L. H. Beigh, with Brethren A. B. 
Peters, J. Bonewitz and J. L. Thomas pre- 
siding. Our church officers were elected 
with Eld. J. L. Thomas, elder in charge. 
At different times the following elders, re- 
spectively, have had charge of this congre- 
gation since its organization: J. L. Thomas, 
A. B. Peters, John Deal, John Hartsough, 
John Brubaker, A. M. Sharp, J. D. Kesler, 
and J. C. Forney, who is our present elder. 
Eld. Hartsough was the only resident elder, 
and this lack has been a great misfortune 
to the Bethany church. We extend a hearty 

invitation to any elder who wishes to change 
locations to come and locate in our midst. 

Four ministers and six deacons have been 
elected and installed into office in this 
church, one deacon being the writer, who 
served only one year until called to the 
ministry. At present the official board con- 
sists of the writer as minister and Bro. 
Chas. Strietzel as deacon. 

We have received by letter and baptism 
about 175 members. A few have been 
claimed by death and a few were disowned. 
Over one hundred have been lettered out, 
and by dividing the District again about 
twenty-five have been set off in the Turtle 
Mountain church. Our present membership 
is thirty-seven (the writer's wife being the 
only one of the charter members), repre- 
senting twelve families. A number of these 
are isolated. 

We have enjoyed fourteen evangelistic 
meetings. These special efforts have tended 
to keep the membership revived and to keep 
uppermost the spirit of helpfulness. We 
are contemplating a revival in June, con-, 
ducted by Bro. D. M. Shorb, of Surrey, N. 
Dak. Pray for us, that many souls may be 
saved during these meetings. 

Perth, N. Dak. 

James River Church 

J. W. Schlotman 

THIS congregation is located in Foster 
County, N. Dak., thirteen miles east 
of Carrington. It was organized 
June 18, 1902, from the eastern arm of the 
Carrington church. Elders present were 
Fred Culp and D. H. Niccum, both of Car- 
rington. Bro. Culp presided and Bro. Nic- 
cum was chosen elder. He soon moved 
among us and faithfully presided until death 
released him in 1915. Late in 1915 Bro. 
W. A. Deardorff, of Brantford, was chosen 
elder and still presides. 

July 9, 1902, Bro. Alfred Kreps was called 
to the ministry. He soon gave good proof 
of his calling and was advanced to the sec- 
ond degree. He then ably assisted Eld. 

Niccum in the work of the church. But a 
few years later he moved into the Carring- 
ton church. In 1907 Bro. David Andes was 
called to the ministry, but he, also, soon 
moved away. In 1913 Bro. Price Umphlett 
also was called to the ministry. He faithful- 
ly assisted in the work for two years, and 
then went to Bethany Bible School. We 
hope and pray that he may soon be permit- 
ted to return and serve us again, as his la- 
bors are greatly needed. 

A neat little churchhouse was built in 
1906, money being donated by the commu- 
nity of members and friends. Six hundred 
dollars was borrowed of the General Mis- 
sion Board and has recently been returned. 
The church stands without a debt, which is 



The Missionary Visitor 


also to the credit of our friends as well as 
members. In August, 1907, the church was 
dedicated, Bro. S. N. McCann officiating. 
He paused and said: " I hope that you breth- 
ren that have helped to erect this house 
have wholly dedicated your lives to God be- 
fore now. If not, do it now." Today our 
church is in need of such consecrated lives 
as he lived and asked of us. 

We now have two houses of worship. The 
one in the south end is known as the origi- 
nal James River church, and one in the north 
end is known as the Columbia house. At 
the south end our membership numbers 
twenty-six, but as we see the large classes 
of children and young people in the Sunday- 
school we realize that a great work could 

surely be done if we had the ministerial help. 

Since Bro. Price Umphlett left us, all the 
regular preaching that we have had has been 
by our elder, Bro. W. A. Deardorff, and 
his helpers in the north end, nearly fifteen 
miles away. Bro. Deardorff is farming for 
a living, and as his responsibilities have 
been increased by the care of other church- 
es and District work, we cannot expect 
regular help from him this year. We feel 
that we need a resident minister who can 
give more time to the feeding of the lambs 
and seeking the lost. 

We are praying that God will lay it upon 
the heart of some servant of His to answer 
this call and come over and help us. 

Carrington, N. Dak. 

The Poplar Valley Church 

Aaron M. Swihart 

IN 1915 Bro. Aaron M. Swihart, with his 
faithful wife, from Michigan, located 
on the Fort Peck Indian Reservation 
with scarcely anything in view except the 
prairie and blue sky. About thirty miles 
from the railroad, land could be bought 
from $2.50 to $7 per acre, in addition to the 
usual filing fees. Bro. Swihart took up the 
work of assisting the Brethren in locating 
here, as well as gathering the isolated ones, 
that .they might have a church home. 

Sept. 8, 1917, by the request of the Dis- 
trict, Eld. G. N. Falkenstein, in company 
with Eld. J. S. Geiser, in council with thirty- 
four charter members, completed the or- 
ganization of the Poplar Valley congrega- 
tion. Bro. Aaron M. Swihart, with his wife, 
was ordained to the eldership and chosen as 
elder of the Poplar Valley church, which 
office he still serves. Bro. J. D. Brown was 
elected to the ministry and Bro. Wm. Brech- 
biel to the deacon's office. Bro. George Swi- 
hart and Bro. Wash Snyder were deacons 
previous to this time. The new congrega- 
tion was started with a good working force. 
Since then Bro. T. W. Reed, a minister, has 
joined our force. 

The church is working unitedly, endeav- 
oring to maintain apostolic Christianity, the 
principles of the church and the Gospel of 
Christ. A number have been baptized; oth- 
ers are being drawn toward the church. We 

are looking forward to a series of meetings, 
to begin in June, conducted by Eld. W. A. 
Deardorff, of Brantford, N. Dak. 

When one thinks of Montana being about 
three times as large as Pennsylvania, with 
only six organized churches of the Breth- 
ren, one can get some idea of the great field 
in this State to be cared for by so few 
workers compared with the many churches 
in the Eastern States. 

Brethren, come to the great Northwest. 
There are many opportunities for you. With 
strong working force and a united church 
in a goodly land much can be accomplished 
in this vast and neglected field. 

How to do it: Great care should be taken 
in centralizing the Brethren communities, 
and proper teaching on giving. One live 
minister must be fully supported in every 
congregation, large or small, rich or poor, 
that he may give all of his time to the 
Lord's most holy work. He should be fully 
supported by the congregation in which he 
lives, if they are at all able. At least they 
should give as much as possible by a well- 
worked-out system. The Mission Board 
should pay the balance. The minister should 
have his pay regularly, enabling him to pro- 
ceed unhindered in his work. We must be 
organized I 

Seips, Mont. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary Side of Juniata Bible Institute 

J. Homer Bright 

AFTER twenty years it was my privi- 
lege again to attend a special Bible 
term at Juniata College. Juniata was 
more fortunate than many places in not hav- 
ing to recall her meetings. The epidemic, 
however, curtailed the attendance somewhat. 
As formerly, the fundamental doctrines of 
Christianity were taught fearlessly and with- 
out any taint of modern skepticism. The 
leaders of that former day, Elders H. B. 
and J. B. Brumbaugh, attended quite a few 
of the sessions, in spite of their physical 
infirmities. Today we enjoy the fruit of 
their labors. But do we appreciate the for- 
ward movement begun then in our church 
by the establishing of Sunday-schools, col- 
leges, and missions as much as we might? 
Should we not then very easily, in present- 
day parlance, " go over the top " in the 
goals set for us by our various boards? 

One thing that impressed me was the 
position given to missions and religious 
education in this conference. And what is 
missionary work but a form of religious 
education suited to the peoples of benighted 
lands? The great need of a spiritual uplift 
for Russia, coupled with as great need of 
material aid, was very ably and clearly pre- 
sented by Eld. Galen B. Royer. Our fields 
of India and China were represented by 
Brethren H. B. Heisey and J. Homer Bright, 
respectively. On a large map of the world 
in the chapel, where the students meet to 
offer their morning oblations, small strips 
from Juniata to our mission fields, bearing 
the names of those who have gone out to the 
field, remind them daily of the bond that 
joins them with the most needy of earth. 
There are nine bands to India and four to 
China, with two additional names at the 
bottom, of those who have been called to 
their reward. 

For the rejuvenation of a run-down 
church it was suggested that they begin 
some definite work in missions, as the sup- 
porting of an orphan or native evangelist. 
We are told that the award for a picture 
of a dying church was given to one who 
portrayed a very fine church of a wealthy 
congregation, whose missionary box had 
cobwebs grown over it. A character study 

of the charter members of the first church 
revealed quite diversified characteristics, and 
showed how one was the complement of 
another. The outspoken Peter was helped 
by his careful brother, Andrew, to become 
the rock Jesus had said he would be. The 
young John was sent with the old James, 
and the impetuous youth who once desired 
fire to come down from heaven upon those 
that rejected Jesus' teaching finally became 
the " loving disciple." The slow Philip 
found the keen thinker Nathanael the one 
who recognized Jesus as the Son of God 
long before Peter's great confession. The 
doubter Thomas was sent with the most 
faithful Matthew. And practical James was 
sent with the spiritual Jude, as will be no- 
ticed by the themes of their respective 
books. Thus may we each one be the com- 
plement of some other one, and there is 
something for each of us to do in winning 
the race back to Him. 

Mr. Johnson, representing the State Sun- 
day School Association, emphasized the 
great task before the church, for less than 
50 per cent of the children in the best Sun- 
day-school county in America are in Sun- 
day-school. And just now there is quite a 
depletion in the ranks of the intermediate 
classes, due largely to neglect during these' 
strenuous times. Religious education is left] 
to the church by our government, hence] 
our responsibility. More efficiency will! 
come through better organization, as evi-jj 
denced by many things we enjoy today, thejj 
products of large and efficient organizations. 
We are facing a great moral crisis that so- 
licits our utmost concern and demands oui| 
united efforts. As victory was assured the 
allies when all united under one commandj 
the more. fully we unite in our assault upon 
evil and the more of Satan's strongholds 
that are intelligently and simultaneously at- 
tacked around this earth, the more quicklj 
will God's kingdom come. As the appeal of 
the army, the Red Cross, and the Y. M. C. 
A. was one of service, even to the sacrifice 
of life, if need be, so the church should eve* 
hold up the high motives of service and sac* 


The Missionary Visitor 


The doctrine of sanctification was por- 
trayed with unusual freshness by Dr. Trum- 
bull, under the new title of " Victory in 
Christ." It requires a " full surrender," and 
then one can be " more than conqueror " 
through Him. Then " I surrender all " and 
"I'll go where You want me to go " will be a 
living reality, as " Christ is in us both to 
will and to do according to His good pleas- 

The Volunteer Band took part in the con- 
ference by rendering a good program. Their 
efforts showed that they are studying the 
various fields and have considered the sacri- 
fice the life of a missionary calls for. Juni- 
ata's interest in missions is surpassed by 
none. And she is planning a growth in this 
interest and is making special offers to re- 
turned missionaries. 

Union, Ohio, Jan. 14. 

Student Volunteer Convention 

Galen B. Royer 

THE National Student Volunteer As- 
sociation has divided the United 
States into smaller sections for ease 
of access and for annual meetings. The 
eastern and middle part of Pennsylvania, 
along with New Jersey, has ninety-six col- 
leges in this association, and met over week 
end, Feb. 21-23, at State College, about fifty 
miles from Huntingdon. About 250 dele- 
gates were in attendance, representing about 
thirty of the colleges. 

State College is largely a technical school, 
giving large attention to agriculture and 
animal husbandry. The State has erected 
splendid buildings for this purpose, and 
every facility is afforded for thorough study 
of these subjects. They have a Liberal Arts 
building, but the department is small. 

In this institution is a fine body of con- 
secrated students, who are interested in mis- 
sion' work and religious endeavor. The Y. 
W. C. A. and the Y. M. C. A. entertained 
the delegates free for the three days and 
made a splendid impression from that angle. 
Mr. William Jones, of Penn State College, 
presided. The opening address was by Rev. 
E. C. Lobenstine, secretary of the China 
Continuation Committee, Shanghai Confer- 
ence. He stressed the larger vision and 
broader service which missions bring to 
young people. 

Dr. Zwemer, president of Cairo (Egypt) 
University, spoke with power on his favorite 
theme — the Moslem world in its relations 
to the war and its present outlook. He 
called attention to the partition of Persia, 
and other moves that aggravated to some 
extent the war just closed. The mighty 
wind of Germany, the fire of persecution 

and the earthquake of war have not recruit- 
ed for missions, though they have made 
many wide-open doors. The question was 
put to each volunteer, as to Elijah, " What 
doest thou here? " Students are not volun- 
teers, to hide their light under a " bushel " 
which stands for " gain "; nor under a "bed" 
on which comfort is found; but on a "candle- 
stick," that they may be burned out for God. 
Rev. Francis S. White, domestic secretary, 
Missionary Society of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church in the United States, spoke in 
behalf of proper preparation and an en- 
larged force for the field. 

Dr. D. K. W. Kumm, African explorer, 
secretary Sudan United Mission of Africa, 
always has something striking to say in his 
characteristic way. His speeches were in- 
directly bearing on Africa, but his appeal 
for workers was great. Mr. Robert Wilder, 
religious secretary, International Y. M. C. 
A. Committee, and one of the founders of 
the Student Volunteer Movement, spoke 
with power to those present who had not 
taken a definite stand for foreign service. 
His account of the organization of the Vol- 
unteer Movement was full of interest. Five 
other speakers came with good messages — 
among them Dr. John Gowdy, president of 
the Anglo-Chinese College, Foochow, China. 
The convention closed Sunday night with 
splendid results and a fine enthusiasm. 

Elizabethtown College had two delegates 
present; Juniata, because so close, sent some 
eighteen. It pleased the convention to elect 
Foster Statler, a junior at Juniata, president 
for the coming year, and upon invitation the 
next convention comes to Juniata. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 


The Missionary Visitor 


India Notes 

Ida C. Shumaker 

THESE be days of "greetings and fare- 
wells." On Dec. 31, 1918, our party 
arrived in Bombay. We received a 
welcome, warm and true. How happy we 
were to step out of the boat and touch In- 
dia's soil once again! How glad to meet 
and greet our loved ones here! How eager 
to take up the work of the Lord in this 
needy field! How grateful to our Heavenly 
Father for caring for us all along the way, 
especially when we were " in peril on the 
sea," and yet He kept us in perfect peace 
every moment. We praise and thank Him 
for bringing us to our desired haven in 

We also thank you, who were in prayer 
for us, and we ask you to continue in pray- 
er for us as we again take up the service of 
the Master here. Oh, that others might 
come very soon and help to gather in the 
ripened grain, for surely more than ever 
we can say, " The fields are white unto the 
harvest." Come, oh, come, serve God here 
in this needy field, and you will be exceed- 
ingly happy in His service! DO NOT DE- 

Just two hours ago (Jan. 10, 1919) the 
steamship " Dunera," the same boat which 
brought our party from Hong Kong to 
Bombay, took from our midst Bro. J. B. 
Emmert and family, who are " homeward 
bound " for a much-needed and well-de- 
served rest. At 3: 15 P. M. the gang plank 
was removed, and they were soon "cut loose" 
from shore. Those who have had a similar 
experience know what it mean's when our 
loved ones are " cut loose " from shore, and 
sail away from us. At 4 o'clock they had 
sailed out of our sight. 

The last we could see as they went from 
us were the bright, sweet faces of Lloyd, 
Anna and Mary, as they waved and waved 
their " Good-bye " when we could no longer 
hear their voices calling to us. We could 
see the ever-patient, kind, tender and lov- 
ing expression on the face of Sister Emmert, 
and the soft, tender light in her eyes shone 
forth as she waved back to us her message 
of love, unfeigned. You will understand the 
full meaning of this love-message when you 
meet and greet her as she moves about 

among you. May you have that happy privi- 

Last of all we saw the tall, manly form 
of Bro. Emmert, standing, hat in hand, with 
his loved family all around him, as if in 
earnest prayer for all who are left in India. 
On his thoughtful, earnest countenance could 
be noted the deep heart-yearning of his soul 
for the salvation of those among whom they 
lived, for whom they prayed without ceas- 
ing, and among whom they have worked 
during their two terms of service here; and 
that fatherly care and deep concern for their 
welfare could also be seen. We know their 
hearts were full. God grant that each soul 
may respond to the wholesome instruction 
given them by these faithful, untiring work- 
ers, and may they remain faithful to the end 
and bring others to Jesus. 

Our prayers and best wishes go with them 
as they launch out into the great deep. We 
have committed them to the care and keep- 
ing of our kind Heavenly Father. May He 
give them journeying mercies, and in due 
time bring them back to us again. Thy 
will, O Lord, be done. 

How we shall miss them! Not only did 
the "little flock" of Christians feel keenly 
the homegoing of this family, but those who 
are not Christians as well. A most beautiful 
and touching tribute of loving appreciation 
was tendered them by representatives of 
the Jalalpor church and community in rec- 
ognition of faithful service rendered. Praise 
ye the Lordl 

Now, since they have gone from us, do 
not cease to pray for the ones upon whom 
this work has fallen. Bro. Ross, of Bulsar, 
has been chosen as the elder of the Jalalpor 
church. His hands are more than full al- 
ready, yet he willingly accepts this added 
charge. Sister Grisso has been located here 
for the completion of her first year's lan- 
guage study and is hard at work. Besides 
this, she is helping along beautifully with 
the work at this station. Only those in 
charge of a station know how heavy and 
how varied are the duties, yet how happy 
to know that we need not carry the burden 
alone, for we are coworkers with God. We 

(Continued on Page 128) 


The Missionary Visitor 


For the Volunteers 

Prepared by Brother and Sister J. Homer Bright 

I. CHINA.— March 30- April 5. 


1. For her rulers, that order may be re- 

2. For the International Peace Commis- 
sion, that China may receive due recogni- 
tion. (China has Ya, of the pepole of the 

3. For the 300,000 Christians— one a 
Christian in 1,400. 

4. For the Mission Schools — one in every 
two hundred and seventy in mission school. 
If government schools are included one in 
every thirteen. 

5. For Hospitals and Medical Schools — 
there is scarcely any state supervision of 
health. Each doctor is responsible for a 
half to three quarter million of people. 

6. For the Missionary body of 6,500 with 
a parish for each of 65,000. 

7. For social welfare. 

(1) Stamping out of opium or its at- 

tempted recurrence. 

(2) The Cigarette Curse. — China con- 

sumes half of -the world's ciga- 

(3) The Liquor Curse. — The liquor 

men seek a harvest in China. 

II. OUR FIELD.— April 6-12. 
Pray for 

1. Our 1,200,000, with Shou Yang, our new 
station, included. 

2. Our neighboring missions who are 
scarce of men since the drain caused by the 
great struggle. 

3. The German Missions in central China 
where mission work has been greatly hin- 
dered because of the war. 

4. The choosing of additional territory 
that we may relieve the scarcity of workers 
and help in consolidating work. 

5. Our 350 Christians in our field — or who 
are but one to 3,000. 

6. Our more than 40 new Christians and 
many inquirers. 

Thank God 

1. For the gift of a church for Liao Chou 
by members of the Volunteer Band. 

2. For the three homes already built for 
our missionaries, and pray Him for the 
twelve homes still needed to house them 


1. Pray for Dr. Brubaker and for Dr. Yuan, 
our native doctor, who have the medical 
work for our entire field while Dr. Wampler 
is on furlough, and for His blessing upon 
Dr. Wampler's messages as he brings vari- 
ous churches and our young people in touch 
with this work. 

2. For Sister Crumpacker, who has added 
to her home duties the care of Sister 
Blough's work while the latter is on fur- 

3. For the nurses as they minister in un- 
stinted service and help in making efficient 
Chinese nurses. 

Thank Him 

1. For those who are now ready to begin 
work in the new station, Shou Yang; and 
for those in language study, getting ready 
for service in our various stations. 

2. For those whom the Board has found 
this year for this needy field. 

3. Praise His name for the little mission- 
ary recruits, as well as those a little older 
— Henry King Oberholtzer, Norman Seese, 
Jr., Sarah Anna Wampler, Ronald Bow- 
man and Delbert Vaniman. 

4. Then join in petitions of sympathy for 
Brother and Sister Bowman, who recently 
were bereft of their little son. 

—April 20-30. 

1. Colonel Chao, who has much influence 

(Continued on Page 128) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The $10.00 credited in the November, 1918, Visitor 
to Purchase Line Aid should have been credited to O. 
A. B. class of Purchase Line S. S. 

Included in the "Loose in Hat" offering of the 
Hershey Conference were the following amounts that 
should have been credited to the organizations con- 
tributing the amounts: Summit Cong., Second Va. 
Dist., $45.00; Summit Sisters' Aid Society, $5.00. 

$4.00 credited in March Visitor to Hostetler Sunday 
School, Pa., in the India Boarding School account 
was intended for Transmission to India. The amount 
is, therefore, withdrawn from the above, account 
and properly credited. 

The $32.00 given by Amanda Cassel to India Board- 
ing School and credited in the February Visitor 
should have been placed to the Eastern instead of 
the South Eastern District of Pennsylvania. 

The offering for India Famine Fund by Jennie 
Henderson, J. B. and Eleanor Brumbaugh and pub- 
lished in this Visitor under Western District of Pa., 
should be under the Middle District. 

During the month of February the Board sent 
out 101,120 pages of tracts. 

The following contributions to the Board's funds 
were received during the month of February: * 

Kansas— 1,080.50. 

North Eastern District, Individuals. 

J. W. Mosier, $65.00; M. D. Gauby, $5.00, .$ 70 00 
South Eastern District, Congregation. 

Mont Ida, 100 

North Western District, Individuals. 

Cora Jackson, $4.00; Isaac B. Garst, $1.50; 

W. C. Winder, $1.00 6 50 

South Western District, Individuals. 

Estate of Eliza Flack, $1,000.00; J. C. 

Ulery, $3.00 1,003 00 

Virginia— $291.16. 

First District, Congregations. 

Peters Creek, $138.00; Mt. Joy, $10.00, 148 00 

Second District, Individuals. 

Mary R. Evers, 25 cents; Martha Evers, 

25 cents; Lucy E. Evers, 25 cents, 75 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Salem, $15.26; Timberville, $56.10, 71 36 

Sunday Schools. 

Salem, $20.00; Birthday Offering, Fairview, 

$5.71, 25 71 


S. H. Housenfluck, $10.00; Mrs. Phebe 
Stultz, $2.00; Elizabeth Harley, $1.00; E. E. 
Blough, $1.00; Lydia F. Whisler, $1.00; 

Homer Zigler, 50 cents, 15 50 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

Geo. W. Shaffer, $2.00; Ella L. Myers, 

$1.00; B. F. A. Myers, 25 cents, 3 25 

Southern District, Sunday Schools. 

Christiansburg, $20.00; Burks Fork, $5.59, 25 59 

A. B. Cannaday and wife 1 00 

Ohio— $269.80. 

North Eastern District, Congregations. 

Chippewa, $30.71; Black River, $17.41, 48 12 

Sunday School. 

Science Hill, .". 47 18 


W. M. Mohn and wife, $10.00; Joseph H. 
Snyder and wife, $10.00; Rena Heestand, 

$1.00; A. H. Miller, 50 cents 21 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Alva A. Neher, $150.00; A Sister, $2.00; 

Martha A. Kelley, $1.00, 153 00 

Pennsylvania— $230.92. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Big Swatara, $50.70; Lake Ridge, $14.79; 

West Green Tree, $14.08, 79 57 

Sunday Schools. 

Ridgely, $11.32; Stephens Hill, $5.25, 16 57 




A. M. Kuhns, 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Friend of Missions, $20.00; S. R. Snyder, 
$3.00; D. G. Snyder, $1.00; Mrs. Lewis Wal- 
ters, $1.00, 

Western District, Congregation. 

Summit Mills, 


Harry Reichard, $3.00; J. C. Ankeny, $3.00; 
I. G. Miller, $1.20; Sister Christner, $1.00; 
Rachel Fox, $1.00; Mrs. R. T. Idleman, $1.00; 
Thos. Hardin and family, $1.00; Mrs. Annie 

E. Thomas, 58 cents, 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Falling Springs, $22.00; Back Creek, $15.00, 
Sunday School. 



Mrs. W. C. Werts, $5.00; Celia Werts, 
$5.00; C. L. Pfoutz, $2.00; Mrs. Mary B. 

Dittmar, 50 cents, . . 

Maryland— $169.44. 
Eastern District. 

Blue Ridge College Bible Term 


Wm. E. Roop, $20; Individual, $5; Bessie 

Y. Fahrney, $5; Amos Wampler, $1, 

Middle District, Sunday School. 

Pleasant Ridge, 

California— $130.50. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Reedley, $45.34; Patterson, $2, 


C. H. Yoder, $20; Mrs. A. W. Seib, $10, ... 
Southern District, Congregation. 


Sunday School. 

S. Los Angeles, 


D. Lyon, $1; J. J. Beckner, $1; Estate 

Mary Gnagy, $30, 

West Virginia— $166.88. 

First District, Congregation. 

Sandy Creek, 

Sunday School. 

Locust Grove S. S. and Mission Band, 

$12.60; Stringtown, $5.33, 


Mr. and Mrs. P. F. Bowers, $20; Jesse 

Judy, 80 cents, 

Ibwa— $55.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

O. S. Myers, $30; Frank Rhodes, $25, .... 
Illinois — $89.05. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Pine Creek, 

Sunday School. 

1918 Elgin Officers, 


L. J. Gerdes, $50; A. F. Wine, $10; K. K., 

$10; Ernest G. Hoff, 50 cents, 

Southern District, Congregation. 



Joseph Jones, $1; Geo. Ebie, 50 cents, 

Indiana— $30.99. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Live Wire Class — Center 


A. M. Eby, 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Income Lydia Rarigh Estate, 8.18; A 
Brother, $4.50; Frank Fisher, $1; W. H. 

Gauntt, $4.00, 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Mt. Pleasant, 


Harry A. Smeltzer, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Missouri— $30.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Eckard, 5 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

David Holsopple, 25 00 

South Carolina— $8.00. 

Brooklyn, 2 00 


J. I. Branscom, $5; Frank Younker, $1, ... 6 00 

North Dakota, $10.65. 

J. M. Sadler, Sr., $10; E. H. Stauffer, 

S5 cents, 10 65 

South Dakota— $7.00. 

J. W. Kirkendall and wife, 7 00 

Tennessee — $5.50. 

Limestone, 3 50 


Miss Honoria Pence, 2 00 

Louisiana — $5.00. 

R. M. Harris 5 00 

North Carolina— $4.85. 

Anna Perrel, 4 85 

Oregon— $3.50. 

A. E. Troyer and wife, $2; Daniel Stump, 

$1.50 3 50 

Washington— $3.00. 

Amanda Leavell, $2; Nora A. Willey, $1, 3 00 

Nebraska— $2.0U. 

Lydia F. Evans, $1; B. F. Bowersox, $1, . 2 00 

Oklahoma— $1.50. 


Mrs. Ethel Showalter, 150 

Idaho.— $1.20. 

R. A. Orr 1 20 

Michigan— $1.00. 

Mary Lee, 1 00 

Utah— $1.00 

C. C. Spencer, 1 00 

Montana— $0.50. 

R. G. Mahugh 50 

Sew York— $0.50. 

A. D. Bowman, 50 

Delaware— $1.00. 
Christian Workeis. 

Owen's Station, .• 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 2,600 44 

Previously received, 114,2£3 55 

For the year so far, 116,883 99 

Virginia— $25.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. B. H. Funk, 25 00 

Texas— $10.00. 

Neil B. Rupp, $5; Mrs. A. Rupp, $5 10 00 

Ohio— $5.00. 

North Western District, Individual. 

H. H. Helman, 5 00 

Illinois— $5.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mary E. Whitney, 5 00 

Nebraska— $1.00. 

Maggie Vandertolk, 1 00 

Pennsylvania— $1.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

Sara G. Replogle 1 00 

Total for the month, 47 00 

Previously received, 1,717 28 

For the year so far, 1,764 28 


Pennsylvania— $118.25. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

R. C. Hinkle and wife 25 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Everett, 25 00 

Western District, Sunday-school. 

Laborers for the Master Class — Pike, 
$30; O. A. B. Class— Purchase Line, $5, .... 35 00 


Mrs. R. T. Idleman 2 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 

Willing Hearts Class— Carlisle, $18.75; 

Sunbeam Class— Carlisle, $12.50, 31 25 

Illinois— $52.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

A Sister, $32; A Sister, $20, 52 00 

Oklahoma— $49.49. 

Paradise Prairie 49 49 

Kansas— $43.26. 

South Eastern District, Congregations. 

Mont Ida, 13 26 

North Eastern District, Individual. 

In Memory of Vada Strole, 25 00 

Indiana— $35.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Bethany Willing Workers, 25 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Manchester, 10 00 

Virginia— $25.00. 

Second District, Aid Society. 

Lebanon Aid, 25 00 

Ohio— $25.00. 

North Western District, Sunday-school. 

Primary Department Green Spring, 12 50 

Christian Workers. 

Sugar Creek, 12 50 

California— $20.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

South Los Angeles, 20 00 

Maryland— $16.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Pipe Creek, 16 00 

Missouri — $6.25. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Loyal Sons' Class, Smith's Fork, 6 25 

Nebraska— $3.00. 

Lincoln, 3 00 

Total for month, $ 393 25 

Previously received, 6,625 40 

For the year so far, 7,018 65 


Pennsylvania— $20.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Bible Class— Little Swatara— Union, 10 00 


Elam M. Weaver, 10 0G 

Total for the month, $ 20 00 

Previously received, 8,678 24 

For the year so far, 8,698 24 

Ohio— $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

A Sister— Poplar Grove, 5 00 

Arizona— $2.00. 

Fay and Linnet Daniel, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 7 00 

Previously received, 30179 

For the year so far, 308 79 


The Missionary Visitor 

Oregon— $9.00. 


Grace W. Hewitt, 9 00 

Illinois — $2.83. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 
Junior Department Bethany, 2 83 

Ohio— $2.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
B. M. R., 200 

Total for the month, $ 13 83 

Previously received ; 149 00 

For the year so far 162 83 

Mary land— $41 .00. 
Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Washington City, 41 00 

Ohio— $31.00. 

North Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Science Hill, 6 00 

Aid Society. 

Chippewa, 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $10.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 10 00 

Indiana— $5.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Wakarusa, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 87 00 

Previously received, 3,325 06 

For the year 3,412 06 

Ohio— $669.57. 

North Eastern District, Congregation. 

Ashland Congregation and Sunday-school, 
$41.30; Goshen and White Cottage, $10; 

White Cottage, $4 55 30 

Christian Workers. 

Akron, 47 50 

Aid Societies. 

Black River, $50; Jonathan Creek, $25; 

Akron, $20 95 00 


Mr. and Mrs. C. T. Swallen, $100; Mary 
S. Garman, $5; Mrs. Anna S. Leeser, $3; 
Laura Swander, $2.50; Joyce Hauenstein, 

10 cents, 110 60 

North Western District, Congregation. 

Wyandotte, 52 00 

Sunday- Schools. 

Eagle Creek, $108; Sugar Grove, $13.25, . . 121 25 

Isaac Miller, $20.00; Lydia Fried, $5, 25 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Lower Miami, $61.52; Bear Creek, $27.40; 

Lower Stillwater, $24, 112 92 


Lura B. Pittenger, $25; A Sister, $20; B. 

M. R., $5, 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $586.84. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Mingo, $96.50; Lake Ridge, $15; Little 

Swatara, $10 121 50 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Woodbury, $30; Curryville Missionary and 
Temperance Society, $21.66; Snake Spring, 
$20; Williamsburg Missionary Society, $5, 76 66 


Serena M. Rupert, $5; Mrs. D. F. Schultz, 

$2 7 00 

Western District, Congregation. 

Purchase Line, $90; Montgomery, $30; 

Maple Grove, $26; Ligonier, $18.22, 164 22 

Christian Workers. 

Greensburg 73 31 


Rayman of Brothers' Valley, $57; Lig- 
onier, $10, 67 00 


D. K. Kreider, $10; Jennie Henderson, $5; 
J. B. and Eleanor Brumbaugh, $2.50; C. B. 
Kimmel, $2, 19 50 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Dry Valley, $29; Shippensburg, $15; Han- 
over, $6.65, 

South Eastern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. S. S. Beaver, $5; Anna M. Wampler, 


Iowa— $560.86. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Franklin County, $351.42; Curlew, $24.77, 

Mr. and Mrs. F. B. Culler, 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Dallas Center, 

Sunday- School. 

Panther Creek, 


Frank Rhodes, 

Southern District, Aid Society. 



J. Kob, 

California— $347.94. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Lindsay, $46.50; Live Oak, $19.75, 


J. A. Calvert, $50; Augustus and Eliza- 
beth Bush, $20, 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Estate Mary Gnagy, $200; Mr. and Mrs. 
G. Elwin Wright, $6.69; Mrs. Alice Vani- 

man, $5 

Illinois— $301.92. 

Northern District, Sunday-school. 

Illinois Park (Union), $14.17; Hagelthian 

Bible Class— Bethany, $5.60, 

Aid Society. 

Elgin Ladies' Missionary Society, 


L. J. Gerdes, $100; Ira P. Eby, $10; A Sis- 
ter, $10; Mrs. Susan Kessler, $2, 

Southern District, Congregation. 



Sister B. S. Kindig, $100; H. W. Filer, 
$25; Howard and Bertha Ridgely, $7.50; 
Mary E. Clower, $5; Christina Bainter, $1, 
Virginia— $296.22. 
First District, Sunday-school. 

Pleasant View, 

Aid Society. 

Daleville, $20; Ronoake City, $20, 


Mrs. I. T. Hooker, $2; Mrs. Lucy Mauzy, 


Second District, Congregation. 

Elk Run 

Sunday- school. 

Elk Run, 

Aid Society. 

Elk Run, 

Northern District, Congregation.' 




Aid Society. 



E. C. Geiman, $10; A Sister, $5, 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Lucy S. Figgers 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Redoak Grove, 


A. C. Riley, $50; Mrs. B. F. Winners, 
$7; Mary J. Tucker, $5, 

Maryland— $275.00. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Washington City Missionary Society 

Aid Society. 

Washington City, 


Mrs. Maud V. Hollinger, $5; J. H. Beer, 


Middle District, Sunday-school. 

Pleasant View, 


Jno. Rowland, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Indiana — $207.77. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Valley, 13 77 

Aid Society. 

English Prairie 10 00 


Amanda Hoover, $25; Mr. and Mrs. Earl 
Ulery, $25; Paul Eaton, $5; Bertha Hess, 
$5; Elizabeth Ganger, $5; Mrs. H. Etta 

Hoke, $2; Jacob K. Reiff, $1, 68 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Loon Creek, $46; Peru, $30, 76 00 


Young People's Class— Peru, 15 00 

Aid Society. 

Peru, 10 00 


Leanna S. Friend, $3; Dora Wagoner, $10; 

\V. C. Stinebaugh, $2, 15 00 

Canada— $179.50. 
Alberta, Congregations. 

Red Cliff Mission, $37.50; Irricana, $37, .. 74 50 


A Brother, 100 00 

Saskatchewan, Individual. 

Mrs. VV. H. Stutzman, 5 00 

Washington— $166.34. 

Outlook, 31 34 

Christian Workers. 

Yakima, 130 00 


James Wagoner and wife, 5 00 

Kansas— $152.76. 

North Eastern District, Congregation. 

Washington Creek, $18.15; Lawrence, $7.86, 26.01 


Jno. B. Beckman and wife, 50 00 

Aid Society. 

Lawrence 10 00 

North Western District, Congregations. 

Burr Oak, 26 75 


Mary Ann Ulery, $20; Geo. R. Eller, $12; 

Erma Martin, $5, 37 00 

South Western District, Individual. 

D. M. Eller, , 3 00 

Nebraska— $147.65. 

South Beatrice, $59.15; Kearney, $33.50, ... 92 65 

Aid Society. 

Lincoln, 20 00 


David Neher, $25; P. A. Nickey, $10 35 00 

Minnesota— $62.50. 

Minneapolis, 25 00 


Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Bellingham, $15; Mr. 
and Mrs. Daius Broadwater, $10; An Iso- 
lated Sister, $7.50; Mrs. J. E. Owen, $5, 37 50 
Oregon— $52.00. 

Newberg 52 00 

Michigan— $49.82. 

Woodland 33 46 


Thornapple, 6 36 


Mrs. Frank Reed, $6; Morris Weisel, $3; 

Mrs. Martha Bratt, $1, 10 00 

Missouri — $50.15. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Emma Schildknecht, 5 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jno. T. Forehand, $10.15; 
A Sister, $9; S. P. and R. Donaldson, $5; 

Wm. M. Cox, $1 25 15 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Louisa Shaw, $10; Two Carthage Sisters, 

$10, 20 00 

Texas— $36.00. 

Mrs. A. Rupp, $20; D. S. Bowman, $10; 
Irene M. Clark, $2; D. H. Clark, $2; Vincent 

Myers Clark, $1; Mrs. S. D. Sanders, $1, .. 36 00 

Tennessee — $35.00. 


Knob Creek, 5 00 


W. C. Young and wife, $25; Mrs. S. J. 
Pence, $2; Mrs. M. M. Fine, $2; Honoria 

Pence, $1 30 00 

Colorado— $23.70. 

Denver, 3 70 


Aaron Essig, $10; W. R. Pratt— Indepen- 
dence Holiness Congregation, $10, 20 00 

West Virginia— $20.00. 

First District, Congregation. 

Sandy Creek, 20 00 

North Dakota— $11.35. 

York, 8 35 


Walter Troxel, 3 00 

Oklahoma— $10.77. 

Elk City, 10 77 

South Dakota— $10.00. 

A Sister, $5; Mrs. Wm. Dumpman, $2.50; 
Hazel Dumpman, $1.25; Roy Dumpman, 

$1.25 10 00 

Montana — $5.00. 

O. A. McGraw, 5 00 

Florida— $5.00. 

Bro. and Sister Blickenstaff, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 4,263 66 

Previously received, 109 50 

For the year so far, 4,373 16 

Kansas— $65.00. 


A. L. Maust, $50; E. O. Thompson, $10; 
S. E. Thompson, $5, 65 00 

Illinois— $35.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 
Pine Creek, 35 00 

Oregon— $25.00. 


Mr. and Mrs. Will Carl, 25 00 

Tennessee — $5.00. 

Limestone 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 130 00 

Previously received, 2,238 97 

For the year 2,368 97 

Ohio— $46.00. 

North Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Springfield 25 00 

North Western District, Sunday-school. 

Eagle Creek, 20 00 


Grace L. Moss 100 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday-school. 

Spring Creek, 5 00 

Michigan — $1.65. 

Long Lake 165 

Total for the month, $ 52 65 

Previously reported, 680 61 

For the year, 733 26 

Canada— $10.00. 

Alberta, Individual. 

John Rhodes, 10 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Pennsylvania— $5.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 
Elizabethtown, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 15 00 

Previously reported, 434 39 

For the year, 449 39 

Pennsylvania— $30.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 5 00 

Western District, Individual. 

April May Walker, 25 00 

Indiana— $7.50. 

Southern District, Sunday-school. 
Children of the King Class— Rossville, .. 7 50 

Ohio— $2.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
B. M. R., ., 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 39 50 

Previously reported 530 73 

For the year, 570 23 


Iowa— $125.24. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Waterloo City, 75 24 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mrs. Frank Lehman, 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $10.00. 

Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 135 24 

Previously reported, 277 65 

For the year, 412 89 


Indiana— $3.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 
Scott Clark 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 3 00 

Previously reported, 547 98 

For the year, 550 98 

Pennsylvania— $10.00. 
Eastern District, Aid Society. 

Elizabethtown, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Previously reported, 95 83 

For the year 105 83 

Pennsylvania— $2.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Purdon M. Trimmer, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

Previously reported, 1,019 00 

For the year, 1,021 00 





Fruitdale Sunday-school, $ 7 59 


A. J. Burris, 5 00 


Sarah Gnagy, $5; Reedley Congregation, 
$41.25; Tropico Congregation, $9; Patterson 
Sunday-school, $16.25; Philip Landis, $1; 

Pasadena Sisters' Aid Society, $11; First 
Los Angeles Sunday-school, $11.59; First 
Los Angeles Congregation, $275.41; A 

Brother, $42.20, 412 70 


D. C. Garver, 25 00 


Omaja Sunday-school 200 00 


A Florida Friend, by J. H M., $250; A. S. 
Hershey, $5; Members of Zion Congrega- 
tion, $18.50 273 50 


T. J. Simmons, $5; Fruitland Sunday- 
school, $90.75; Boise Valley Congregation, 
$100; Bowmont Sunday-school, $31.35; 

Nampa, Idaho, Church, $162.66, 389 76 


Astoria, $57.79; Cerro Gordo Congregation, 
$78.30; Pine Creek Congregation, $5; La 
Place, Sunday-school, $190; C. J. Sell, $10; 
Girard Ladies' Aid, $50; Glen Montz, $5; 
Elizabeth Gnagy, $10; Young People's Dept. 
Bethany, $1.50; Ota Gibson, $1; Mt. Morris, 
Sunday-school, $86.31; Jennie Harley, $2.93; 
Loyal Banner Class, W. Brand, Sunday- 
school, $5; Mae Vanderleast, $1; Virden C. 
W. S. and Congregation, $105; Pine Creek 
Cong., $13.75; Lee Fry and W. H. Cordell, $5; 
Loyal Banner Class, W. Brand Sunday- 
school, $5; Geo. A. Garber, $46.40, 678.98 


Roann Sunday-school, $66; Union City 
Congregation, $48.51; A Sister, Poplar 
Grove, $5; Sisters' Aid Society, Killbuck 
Congregation, $11; Antioch Sunday-school, 
$18.35; Turkey Creek Congregation, $21.15; 
Blue River Congregation Sunday-school, 
$8; Bethel Congregation, $53.15; Middletown, 
Ind., Congregation, $14.78; S. S. Perkins, 
$5; Pleasant Hill Congregation, $42; First 
South Bend Sunday-school, $55.60; Young 
People's Class, Maple Grove Sunday- 
school, $5; Hickory Grove Congregation, 
$28; North Manchester Congregation, $404; 
Harry A. Smeltzer, $5; West Eel River Con- 
gregation, $189.55; A Brother, $4.50; Mexico 
Congregation, $10; Faithful Gleaners Sunday- 
school, $15; Mrs. H. Etta Hoke, $2; Lead- 
ers Sunday-school Class, Rossville Church, 
$6.25; Mrs. Arthur Rosenberger, $5; Mrs. 
Kate Peterson, $5; Ogan's Creek Congre- 
gation, $28.80; Loyal Daughters' Class, 
Loon Creek, $10.50; New Bethel Sunday- 
school, $19.50; Clarkshill Congregation, 
$200; Truth Seekers* Class, Lower Deer 
Creek, $5; Bro. and Sister H. E. Foust, $20; 

John Bollinger and family, $15, 1,326 64 


Sisters' Aid Society, $35; Mrs. Susanna 
Brown, $47.07; Plus Ultra Class, Waterloo, 
$10; Brooklyn Congregation, $26; Vol- 
unteer Class, Waterloo, $10; Waterloo City 
Sisters' Aid, $60; DesMoines Sunday-school, 
$25.90; Osceola Congregation, $60; South 
Keokuk Congregation, $15; Vinna Person's 
Sunday-school Class, Panora, $9; Panora 
Sunday-school, $15; H. E. Slifer and wife, 

$10; Sisters' Aid, Muscatine, $15, 337 97 


Pleasant View Sunday-school, $21.73; 
Pleasant View Congregation, $20.38; Topeka 
Congregation, $15; Scott Valley Sunday- 
school, $3.31; Rock Creek Sunday-school, 
$60.55; Appanoose Congregation, $25.03; 
Sabetha Congregation, $57.53; Salem Sun- 
day-school, $22.35; Richland Center Sunday- 
school, $14.46; A Sister, $5; Abilene Sunday- 
school, $17.50; Eden Valley Sunday-school, 
St. John, $25; Prairie View Sunday-school, 
$15.34; Olathe Sunday-school, $7.50; North 
Solomon Congregation, $33.50; Pleasant Hill 
Sunday-school, $5.50; Enoch Derrick, $5, ... 354.68 

Roanoke Sunday-school, m 4 20 

Melrose Sunday-school, Upper Codorus 


The Missionary Visitor 


Congregation, $23.60; Sisters' Aid, Mau- 
gansville, Mo., $55; D. D. Mullendore and 
family, $25; Mt. Tabor Union Church, $16; 
Welsh Run Congregation, $88; Pleasant 
View Congregation, $250; Sisters' Aid, 
Pleasant View Congregation, $40; Junior 
Aid, Woodberry Church, $5; Cherry Grove 
Sunday-school, $24.87; Pleasant Hill Con- 
gregation, $70.22; Hagerstown Congregation, 
$114; Beaver Dam Congregation, $10; Denton 

Congregation, $98.30, 819 99 


C. W. Ditsworth, $2.50; Jno. R. Snavely, 

$1 3 50 


An Isolated Sister, $7.50; Monticello Sun- 
day-school and Congregation, $37.09; Deer 
Park Congregation, $25.40; Junior C. W. 

Society, $3, 72 99 


Bethany Sunday-school, Pleasant View 
Congregation, $14.50; Oak Grove, Sunday- 
school, $7.43; Knights of Honor Class, Wak- 
enda, Sunday-school, $27; A Sister, $7; A. 
Wampler and wife, $5; S. H. Robertson, $2; 
Ralph Miller, $1; C. Cline, $5; J. R. Gass, $5; 
J. B. Hylton, $2; Marian C. Spicer, $5; 
North St. Joseph Congregation, $8; Dry 

Fork Sunday-school, $11.65 100 58 


Poplar Valley Sunday-school, $30.10; Mr. 
and Mrs. J. B. Fleming, $10; Grandview 
Sunday-school, $9.45; Junior Class, Grand- 
view Sunday- school, $9.01, 58 56 


South Beatrice Sunday-school, $26.61; 

David Neher, $25, 51 61 

New Mexico. 

F. G. Replogle 5 00 

North Dakota. 

Cando Sunday-school, $12.80; Zion Sun- 
day-school, Cando Cong., $140.20; D. G. 

Lewallen, $50, 203 00 


Jordan Sunday-school, $7; Joyce Hauen- 
stein, $1; Fairview Congregation, $7; Can- 
ton Center Sunday-school, $50; Bernice Rut- 
ter's Sunday-school Class, $2.50; Pearl 
Rutter's Sunday-School Class, $2.50; A 
Brother, $8; Pleasant Hill Sunday-school, 
$191.22; Dayton Sunday-school, $7.50; Rich- 
land Sunday-school, $40; North Star, Ohio, 
Church, $25.10; Bellefontaine Congregation, 
$5; Bear Creek Congregation, ^,33; Trotwood 
Sunday-school, $54.08; Hickory Grove 
Sunday-school, $52.27; George Hartsough, 
$50; Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Buchwalter, $5; 
Greenspring Aid Society, $25; Greenville 
Sunday-school, $7; Palestine Congregation, 
$65; A Brother and Sister, Ashland, $1; 
Oakland Congregation, $72.50; Poplar 
Ridge Congregation, $50; Sugar Creek Con- 
gregation, $33.25; Jordan Sunday-school, $5; 
Lucille Longanecker, $10; Aid Society of 
Baker Church, $24; Loramie Sunday-school, 
$19.55; A Sister, $1; Marion Sunday-school, 

$250; H. H. Helman, $3, 859 97 


Thomas Sunday-school 3 53 


Friends of Marcola, $9; Weston C. W. 
Society, $4.40; Weston Congregation, $29.25; 

Grace W. Hewitt, $56, 98 65 


Brotherton Pike Sunday-school, $117.31; 
Brotherton Pike Seal Course Class, $5; J. 
E. Young, $20; Free Spring Sunday-school, 
Lost Creek Congregation, $2; A Sister of 
Rockton Congregation, $1; Two Brethren 
of Dunnings Creek Congregation, $5; Rock- 
ton Sunday-school, $10; J. M. Nedrow, $5; 
Frank B. Myers, $5; White Spring Sunday- 
school, $3.88; Zion Congregation, $5; Pleas- 
ant Hill Sunday-school, Codorus Con- 
gregation, $32.67; Seal Course Class, Pike 

Sunday-school, $5; Carlisle Sisters' Aid, 
$5; Willing Workers' Class, Replogle Sun- 
day-school, $4.40; A Sister of Clover Creek 
Congregation, $5; Mrs. Mary B. Dittmar, 
50 cents; Chestnut Grove Sunday-school, 
$16; Mt. Olivet Congregation, $15.25; Hum- 
melstown Sunday-school, $14.11; Springville 
Sunday-school, $23.63; West Green Tree 
Sunday-school, $110; Denver Sunday-school 
Springville Church, $17.60; Fairview Sun 
day-school, Spring Creek Church, $5 
Baumstown Sunday-school, $8; South Ann 
ville, Sunday-school, $85; Midway Sunday 
school, $45; Quakertown Sunday-school 
$13.73; Hatfield Sunday-school, $49.86; Lans 
dale Sunday-school, $65.54; Harrisburg Sun 
day-school, $50; Manor Sunday-school, $40 
Newville Sunday-school, $2.20; Mechanic 
Grove Sunday-school, $10; Lancaster Sun 
day-school, $50.89; Schuylkill Congregation 
$32.35; Maiden Creek Congregation, $200 
Annville Congregation, $175; Hatfield Con 
gregation, $109.10; Elizabethtown Sisters 
$10; Organized Bible Class, Union Sunday 
school, $14.10; Akron Congregation, $136.05 
Big Swatara Congregation, $260.10; Eliza- 
bethtown Congregation, $175.10; Little 
Swatara Congregation, $130.75; P. M. Ha- 
becker's Class, Mechanic Grove, $45; East 
Petersburg Congregation, $118.62; Spring- 
field Congregation, $223.07; Conewago Con- 
gregation, $100; East Fairview Congrega- 
tion, $23.50; Lake Ridge Congregation, $17.74; 
Smithfield Sunday-school, $15; Diamondville 
Sunday-school, Manor Congregation, $12; 
Hooversville Sunday-school, Quemahoning 
Congregation, $104.23; Mrs. L. A. Kephart, 
$2; Mr. and Mrs. N. S. Bardell, $5; 
Emma K. Landis, $10; Albright Sunday- 
school, $7.95; Mrs. S. S. Beaver, $5; Back 
Creek Congregation, $115.27; Tulpehocken 
Cong., $329.47; Myerstown Sunday-school, 
$35; Heidelberg Sunday-school, $10; Lebanon 
Sunday-school, $80.98; J. G. Francis, $1; 
Conestoga Congregation, $137.18; Conestoga 
Sisters' Aid Society, $5; Bareville Sunday- 
school, $2; Palmyra Sunday-school, $500.50; 
Chiques Congregation, $360.69; West Green 
Tree Sunday-school, $8; Ridgely C. W. So-. 
ciety, $40.11; West Conestoga Congrega- 
tion, $173.36; White Oak Congregation, 
$643.68; Lititz Congregation, $343; Peach 
Blossom Congregation, $75; Little Swatara 
Congregation, $72.50; R. C. Hinkle and wife, 
$25; Ten Mile Sunday-school, $11.75; Shade 
Creek Congregation, $7.66; Shade Creek 
Congregation, Ridge House, $52.50; Snake 
Spring Congregation, $77.70; Mrs. Eliza 
Brumbaugh, $2; Upper Conenago Congrega- 
tion, $48; A Friend of Armenia, $10.50; Wm. 

E. Bowman, $5, 5,958 08 

South Dakota. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Hazlett, 20 00 


Honoria Pence, $1; Mrs. S. J. Pence, $2; 

Boon's Creek Sunday-school, $6, 9 00 


Nocona Congregation, 53 00 


Mitylene B. Dettra, 90 cents; Copper Hill 
Congregation, $35; Poages Chapel Sunday- 
school, $87; Oak Grove Sunday-school, $150; 
Walnut Grove Congregation, $26.60; Harri- 
sonburg Sunday-school, $45; Pulaski Mission, 
$33.60; A. B. Cannaday and wife, $1; Bethel 
Congregation, $4.75; Laurel Branch Sunday- 
school, $25.80; Greenmount Congregation, 
$303.76; Clifton Sunday-school, $5; Mt. 
Hermon Sunday-school, $30; Brick Church 
Sunday-school, $121.70; Topeco Congregation, 
$10.90; Valley Sunday-school, $30; Valley 
Sisters' Aid Society, $10; Valley Congrega- 
tion, $17; J. S. Good, $4; Nokesville Congre- 
gation, $42.50; Rose Rive Sunday-school and 
Congregation, $10; Rileyville Congregation, 

$16.33, 1,010 84 


Forest Center Sunday-school, $8.69; Mark 


The Missionary Visitor 


Macdonald, $10; Esther L. Macdonald, $10; 
Elizabeth Johnson, $2; W. F. Johnson, $10; 
I. H. Jorgens and wife, $2; Forest Center 
Sunday-school, $5; Forest Center Sunday- 
school, $1 48 69 

West Virginia. 

C. H. Merrill, $15; Lime Rock Sunday- 
school, $15; Bethany Congregation, $6.63; 
Pleasant View Sunday-school, $19.11, 55 74 


Chippewa Valley, $24.75; Bluefield Sunday- 
school, $17.18; Maple Grove Congregation, 
$20.26; Maple Grove, Sunday-school, $24.65, 86.84 

Total for February $ 13,535 59 



Pleasant View Sunday-school, $21.72; 
Pleasant View Congregation, $20.38; To- 
peka Congregation, $15, 57 10 

Total for February, $ 57 10 


Sisters' Aid, Monroe County Church, 5 00 


Mrs. C. H. Dukes 188 

New Mexico. 

F. J. Replogle 3 00 


Denver Sunday-school, Springfield 
Church, $17.60; Annville Sunday-school, 
$100 117 60 

Total for February $ 127 48 


Barbara and Mary Culley, $3; Mrs. B. J. 
Ashmore* 50 cents; Franklin Grove Aid, $37; 
Florence Wingert's Sunday-school Class, 

^37, 77 50 


An individual • 5 00 

New Mexico. 

F. G. Replogle, 4 00 


Huntingdon Sunday-school 36 50 

Total for February, $ 123 00 


Mrs. H. C. Long, 46 

Wm. Lampin, 10 00 


Jemima Kob, 5 00 


Verdigris Congregation, 50 00 


E. S. Rowland and wife, 5 00 

New Mexico. 

F. G. Replogle 3 00 


Viola and Mary Miller, $15; Sisters' Aid 

Society, Marion Church, 10 00 


Sarah J. Hylton, $1; O. H. Willard, $2, .. 3 00 

Total for February, $ 101 46 


(Continued from Page 120) 

are, according to the plan, expecting to wel- 
come two more single ladies into our home 
as soon as they come from America. We 
hope they are on the way. 

There is a great, wide, and effectual door 
of opportunity for service open to us here, 
especially among women and children. We 
tremble as we look out upon this great 
field, ripe for harvest, and realize how few 
are the laborers! O God, send us help, ere 
this door be closed and closed forever! 

In a short time we hope to open a day 
school here on the compound, and later a 
girls' boarding school. Will you pray very 
earnestly for these and very definitely? 
Again and again a man from the Koli caste 
has come and asked us to open this boarding 
school. He came again yesterday and said, 
" When will you be ready to open the girls' 
boarding school? I have three girls ready 
to come. Though not a Christian myself, I 
want my girls in a Christian school. I will 
use my influence to get other girls to come." 
Praise the Lord for such a testimony! It 
means much for the Lord's work here, for 
this man was once a bitter foe to Christian- 
ity and did much to hinder the work. Now 
he wants his children to receive Christian 
teaching. May he give himself to the Lord 
Jesus. May many hear the call of the 
heavenly and respond. 

Jalalpor, Surat District, January. 


(Continued from Page 121) 

in Shansi, and who helped in a vital way at 
each of our stations within the year. 

2. Ting Li Mei, the founder of the Volun- 
teer Band for China, who has led many to 
volunteer. for the ministry and saved them 
for active Christian service. 

3. Yin Han Chang, our first Chinese min- 
ister, that he may, with zeal and humility, 
continue to reach many of his countrymen. 

4. For the boys who are in Middle School 
preparing for service. 

5. For those who are in a Bible Training 
School supported by the Chinese Church. 

6. For the out-station leaders, that they 
may be zealous and tactful. 

7. For the church as she. is grappling with 
vital problems that affect their Christian 
life as, Ancestral Worship, polygamy, gam- 
bling, etc. 

8. For the Industrial Work, that it may 
result in giving our Christians a means of 
livelihood and independence. 


#hwhwmw 'i' * ■!' * * * * * ' i ' * * * »:■ * * * * * * 





D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advis- 
ory Member. 
H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kansas. 



OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


H. C. EARLY, President. J. H. B. Williams, Secretary-Treasurer. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois. 




Friisgatan No. 1, Malmb, Sweden 

Buckingham, Ida 
On Furlough 

Graybill, J. F., Palmyra, Pa. 

Graybill, Alice M., Palmyra, Pa. 
Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Flory, Byron M. 

Flory, Nora 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Horning, Emma 

Metzger, Minerva 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Schaeffer, Mary 

Vaniman, Ernest D. 

Vaniman, Susie C. 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 

Cripe, Winnie E. 

Flory, Raymond C. 

Flory, Lizzie N. 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 

Pollock, Myrtle 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Shock, Laura J. 
North China Language School, Peking, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Clapper, V. Grace 

Flory, Edna R. 

Seese, Anna 

Seese, Norman R. 

Wampler, Vida M. 

Wampler, Ernest M. 
On Furlough 

Bright, J. Homer, R. D. 1, Union, Ohio 

Bright, Minnie F., R. D. 1, Union, Ohio 

Hutchison, Anna, 3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Elgin, 111. 

Wampler, Rebecca C, Elgin, 111., care 
General Mission Board 

Blough, Anna V. Delano, Calif. 
Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 

Blough, J. M. 

Blough, Anna Z. 

Ebey, Adam 
Ebey, Alice K. 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian 
Hoffert, A. T. 
Mow, Anetta 
Stover, W. B. 
Stover, Mary E. 
Widdowson, Olive 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M. 
Eby, E. H. 
Eby, Emma H. 
Mohler, Jennie 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L. 
Alley, Hattie Z. 
Ebbert, Ella 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Pittenger, J. M. 
Pittenger, Florence B. 
Royer, B. Mary 
Swartz, Goldie 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Shumaker, Ida C. 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P. 

Garner, Kathryn B. 

Kaylor, John I. 

Powell, Josephine 
Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Arnold, S. Ira 

Arnold, Elizabeth 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 
Vyara, via Surat, India 

Long, I. S. 

Long, Effie V. 
On Furlough 

Eby, Anna M., Trotwood, Ohio 

Lichty, D. J., Mt. Morris, 111. 

Miller, Sadie J., 3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Emmert, Jesse B., Elgin, 111., care General 
Mission Board 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Elgin, 111., care 
General Mission Board 

Please Notice — 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 3c 
for each additional ounce or fraction. 

* ^MM t n : M t M :.,t „ t „ t M ; „ t . .t „M"M^ ^ ^ 



'i^ llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllillili 


Is It a 

Square Deal? 

Your boy decided to enter the ministry; and spends his 
hard earned savings for an education so that he may be 
best fitted to give his whole time to the Church as a Min- 
ister or Missionary. 

My son decides to invest his savings in a farm or busi- 
ness and make money. He does so and makes much 
money, and is prosperous. 

Your son comes on a bare support and ministers to the 
spiritual needs of my son. 

They grow old together. One grows wealthy; the 
other has none of this world's goods. 

Is it fair that my son should grow spiritually through 
the efforts of your son, and my son provide nothing for 
the old age of your self-sacrificing son? 

Certainly Not 

Those that minister have a right to expect the Church 
to whom they minister to provide a living for them when 
they are old. 

We are sharers in the spiritual bread which they break 
to us. Therefore we are party to their need and want in 
old age. 

Our Prosperity can Provide for Them. 

The Annuity Plan of the General Mission Board is Open 
for Endowment for the Superannuated Minister and Mis- 

Why not invest endowment funds for this purpose so 
that in days to come those who have grown old adminis- 
tering the income from world-wide endowment funds may 
not have need and want themselves? 

Write us today. Let us make wise provision for our 
Ministers. Then shall young men be attracted more eas- 
ily to the work of Spiritual Ministration. 



Elgin, Illinois 

iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiig glg 



Bigger than oil or steel! 
Bigger than farming ! 
Bigger than any other business is the business of 
Christianizing the World 

Carey worked in India seven years before he made 
his first convert. 

Our India Mission reported 24 accessions at the end 
of the- first four years. 

Now they report 1,628 native Christians at the end 
of 25 years. 

Both China and India have launched big Five Year 
Forward Movement Programs. 

They are zcorking towards definite goals in the next 
five years. 

They need our prayers, men and money. 

We have given of these to make the world safe for 

Xo democracy can long endure without Christ. 

IVe will back the work with what is needed. 

REMEMBER, May is Conference Offering time. 

$150,000 This Year 

YES! The work of the Kingdom is big business. 



NO. 5 

llllllllllllli;illlll!JII;llhi:!l| %t:ll< , M ! ,ii.:ll^ J:.'--:- -:.'a:.-. . ■ ■:<> l|:;M:!i;iii;'i|i|l||i|||^Wl!Bl 

X 4* 


The Missionary Visitor 








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T October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 


| Contents for May, 1919 




X A Huge Thank Offering: Its Logic and Wisdom, By D. W. K., 134 

X How to Organize for a Financial Drive in a Local Church, By F. A. 
♦|» Vaniman, 134 

X Reviving Fireside Prayers: An Aid to World Evangelism, By S. S. 
J Blough, , 135 

♦!* Our Aid Societies a Missionary Endeavor, By Mrs. Levi Minnich, 137 

X' The Sunday-schools and Their Share of the Conference Offering, By 
f C. S. Ikenberry, 138 

| To Our Young People, 139 

X God's Liberty Loan, By G. L. Wine, 140 

* India's Appeal for a Mighty Advance, By J. B. Emmert, 141 

China Calls to America for Help, By Fred J. Wampler, M. D., 143 

% "For a Greater Church of the Brethren for the World," By T. R. Coff- 
♦♦♦ man, 144 

% India Notes, By Florence B. Pittenger, 145 

% India Notes, By Ida C. Shumaker, 146 

J China Notes for January and February, By V. Grace Clapper, 148 

X The Preacher on His Wheel, By J. F. Graybill, 150 

*£ La Verne College Mission Band, By Mabel Crist, 151 

Deputation Work, Bethany Volunteer Band, By Roger D. Winger, 151 

Our Volunteer Bands, By C. G. Shull, 153 



♦J*»!**>»j^ ♦J**I**£^J^t^t**^ 

" In Behalf of a Greater Church of the Brethren ' 

Soon the spirit of Annual Conference will be in the air, and the minds 
of the Brotherhood will be centered upon the splendid grounds about 
Winona Lake. Will you be there ? Your presence among the thou- 
sands there will only add mutual interest to the occasion. 

But this is a year when it is hoped that every member of the church 
may be present — if not in person, then at least in a way tlmt will signify 
interest and cooperation. For this is the "year of Jubilee/' the fourth 
since we came to this blessed land of religious liberty. It is but fitting 
that such a time should be one of joy and devout gratitude. 

The General Mission Board, in Jiarmony with our General Sunday 
School and Educational Boards, and with the spirit of our people and the 
trend of the times, feels that it reflects the wishes of the whole Brother- 
hood in launching the Five Year Forward Movement Program. Like- 
wise it feels that it is meeting the oft expressed desires of the brethren 
and sisters of the church when it calls for- the largest offering at any An- 
nual Conference in our history. 

After thoroughly going over our missionary situation in the light of 
the needs of the fields and of the present spirit of giving in the church, 
the sum of $150,000 has been set as the amount which we shall all attempt 
to have raised at Annual Conference this spring. 

India and China Missions are thoroughly canvassing their fields. 
They are seeing their needs for the next five years. The amounts they 
ask for are large, but they are within our reach. We can equip and man 
our missions in the next five years in a way that will mean victory for 
the Lord in the areas assigned to us. We must have the cooperation of the 
whole church in the program — a cooperation which we feel certain we 
shall receive. 

Denmark and Sweden with their needs must likewise be provided 
for. In addition to these foreign demands, the Board plans to cooperate 
with the District Boards through the medium of a Home Mission Secre- 
tary, in a way that will foster greater cooperation on the Home Base. 

We are asking that in every Church of the Brethren there be 
preached a sermon on the Fourth of May, using as a subject our For- 
ward Movement slogan, " For a Greater Church of the Brethren for the 
World" ; on the Eleventh of May a sermon on some phase of the For- 
zvard Movement, and arc asking that all of the churches plan for a mis- 
sionary sermon on Sunday, May eighteen, preparatory to the canvass for 
the Conference offering. Likewise zve are recommending that the work 
of gathering the offering and of reaching every individual member of 
the Brotherhood for it be done in the week May 18 to 25 and that Sunday, 
May twenty- five, shall be the day when the entire offering will be lifted. 

The sum can be raised by all doing their best, small gifts, large gifts, 
Liberty Bonds, any money that anyone feels to give. 

May God bless you as you plan for this. 

Yours for "a Greater Church of the Brethren for the World." 

Most fraternally 
LI. C. Early, Otho Winger, Chas. D. Bonsack, J. J. Yoder, A. P. BlougJi 



The Editor 

A BIRTHDAY! Not because it happens that this is the editor's birthday 
as these lines are written; but because we celebrate this year the two- 
hundredth anniversary of the existence of our church in America. 
Man's age is measured by years, the church on earth by centuries, 
the church of our Lord by millenniums. 

We have been in fair America for two centuries. Our fathers, our fore- 
fathers, have lived and wrought. Their record of piety and simple faith is 
with God, save that the influence which they shed has borne fruitage in our 
present church in measures that we do not understand. We fail to appreciate 
their influence, we are prone to forget the sterling, stalwart virtues which 
they displayed when our church and nation were young. We should not 
hesitate to build upon the foundation which they in simplicity laid. And we 
should thank them too, for the fact that they were content to labor far from 
the gaze of man in such an honorable task; for our forefathers were an un- 
pretentious folk. We should praise them too because we, ourselves, do not 
like to lay foundations; we seem more content to build on the superstructure. 
Generations change, you know! 

As the curtain, lowers upon the work of these two centuries of activity, 
let us pause only for a moment and thank God; the times are too tense to 
pause long and the work of the kingdom requires haste. 

Thank God for the simplicity of our fathers; thank him for such founda- 
tions; thank him for these saints of honesty, piety, tenacity to truth, 
dogged perseverance in upholding a simple faith, forerunners of liberty for 
the negro, freedom from the bondage of King Alcohol, emancipation from, 
the extravagance of Dame Fashion, exponents of the sanctity of the home, 
apostles of conservation, examples of thrift, economy, hospitality. 

Thank him for such beginnings in missions, education, Sunday-schools; 
for our rural churches, our interest in the cities, our propaganda for peace, 
our loyalty to the country which has shown itself a friend to us. Thank 
him for the healthy church spirit, as the. curtain lowers on two centuries of 
our work in America. 


Scarcely is one task finished than another presses for its place. Time 
and tide wait for no man. And the new century is upon us! 

What shall we attempt, where shall we start, what may we hope to ac- 
complish? We shall simply build upon the foundations laid and the super- 
structures being raised, hoping to accomplish what we can, where we can, 
in the best way that we can, for the glory of the Father and the success of 
his church. 

No signs for the future could augur more for our success than those 
that are evidenced on every hand in behalf of the relief and reconstruction 
efforts of the Church of the Brethren, in Armenia; and also the spirit in 
which the church has accepted the Five Year Forward Movement Program 
as. outlined by our various church boards. 

We know there are calls being sent out in various ways warning the 
church of dangers, and no one should lose sight of these. The very nature 
of work presupposes dangers. The devil never shuts his eye when any of 
God's children plan advance. The more they advance the more vigilant he 
is. We must not in our haste allow ourselves to be swept from the moorings 
of our fathers. We must seek to strengthen those bonds which they estab- 
lished between themselves and God. 

O God, help us that the principles with which he has ennobled the Church 
of the Brethren may through us be made known to the world. If our fathers 
made mistakes, forget them. They did the best they could. We shall never 
advance an iota by throwing stones back upon the century which has passed. 
We had far better look well to our own armor, our own work, our own prepa- 
ration, so that we can do our tasks as well in proportion to the light given 
us as our fathers have done theirs in the light and experience with which they 
were blessed. 

*dtf£$ r ' -<*^^£^. ^=^— 1- ' '.-w-t a- ~" = — ' ^ ^_^^faj>^3r^~~ = ^k==^ J ' ^ 


, — 


^ — ^^^^^^^^^^^^-^, T ^i^g^^ _„._ i kk „ „ t , 

Volume XXI 

MAY, 1919 

No. 5 


At the time of writing these lines the 
offerings of the churches for relief and re- 
construction work in Armenia are rolling 
into the office. Never had we seen such 
large offerings. Nor had we ever received 
telegrams from local churches, saying how 
they were going " over the roof," as a little 
girl of our Sunday-school expressed it. 
This offering will prove one of the largest 
in our history for any cause, and it is an 
added testimony to the great heart which 
has always characterized our people when 
they knew of actual hunger and suffering. 

We would like to thank everyone who is 
working so nobly for the success of the 
relief offering, but we cannot do so. It 
is all appreciated, we assure you. May 
God bless everyone for what he or she is 
doing for those people who have suffered 
in the last four years horrors which even 
surpass martyrdom. 

At the recent meeting of the General 
Mission Board we were much strengthened 
through the presence of a number of our 
foreign missionaries. These included 
Brother and Sister J. Homer Bright, Dr. 
and Sister Fred J. Wampler and Sister 
Hutchison from China, Sister Sadie J. Mil- 
ler from India, Brother J. F. Graybill from 
Sweden, and others who are under appoint- 
ment or are volunteers. 

The presence of these workers empha- 
sizes the bond of love and mutual sym- 
pathy which exists between the Board and 
the missionaries and likewise the entire 
church. The attachment which grows up 
with those who invest their lives entirely 
in the work of the Lord, along with the 
utter dependence which they have upon the 
activity and support of the home base, is 
one of the strongest incentives that a 
Board can have for doing its best. 

A Home Mission Secretary has been ap- 
pointed to the Board's office force. We 
cannot make announcement of the man 
chosen for a time, but will introduce him 
to you when this is made possible. His 
work has been designated somewhat as 
follows: To foster District Mission Board 
cooperation, or in other words to become 
sort of a "clearing house" for the prob- 
lems, successes and ideas of District 
Boards, uniting them in their endeavors; 
to advance the interests of the rural 
church; to lay special emphasis upon the 
needs of neglected territories, and espe- 
cially the Southland. In addition to these 
outstanding duties others will naturally de- 
velop as the man becomes experienced. 
The Board has made this appointment with 
the consciousness that our District Boards 
are keenly feeling the need of such a secre- 
tary. We are hopeful that this man, who 
will do much traveling among the Districts, 
may be able to take up the work very 

Some years ago, through the agency of 
Bro. S. N. McCann, the Bible Memory and 
Devotional League was founded in the 
church. Many of our young people, es- 
pecially through the work of this league, 
were induced to form the habit of mem- 
orizing a verse of Scripture daily. This 
practice has been kept up by numbers of 
them and they are reaping benefits from it. 
We are glad to announce that Bro. S. S. 
Blough, Astoria, 111., has agreed to assume 
active direction of this work. Its scope 
will be broadened to include not only 
Scripture memorizing, but agitation for the 
establishment of the family altar — fireside 
religion and the regular family reading of 
the Word of God. Bro. Blough will com- 
municate with you frequently in behalf of 
this work. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The church at Huntingdon, Pa., recently 
has enjoyed a very unique and profitable 
service in the form of a missionary pro- 
gram, at which Brethren Galen B. Royer 
and C. C. Ellis were the speakers. The 
spirit of the hour centered about a splendid 
Christian service flag which was presented 
to the church, bearing twenty-two crosses, 
representing the names, of those who have 
gone out from this church and Juniata Col- 
lege as missionaries. Such recognition 
strengthens the bonds that we weave for 
life and eternity. 

" God bless this noble band, 

Who left their native land, 

Thy cross to bear." 

Volunteer, have you received a copy of 
the last issue of " Volunteer Talks " ? You 
are entitled to it, and if you will send us 
your name a copy of each issue printed 
will come to you. 

The General Mission Board recently re- 
ceived its first gift for a new account which 
we have opened in our books, to be known 
as Ministerial and Missionary Annuity. 
We mean by this that gifts turned in to 
us on the annuity plan can be given with 
the provision that the donor shall receive 
an income during lifetime on our usual 
rates of annuity, and at death the principal 
will be used for the assistance of disabled 
or superannuated ministers or missionaries. 
Such a fund should by all means be built 
up to make provision for that increasing 
number of our young people who are vol- 
unteering for foreign service or for whole- 
time service as pastors of our home church- 

The minds of the Brotherhood in the 
next few weeks will be centered upon the 
task of lifting a $150,000 Conference of- 
fering. "These are great times in which 
to live," writes a pastor to us as he labors 
enthusiastically in behalf of the Forward 
Movement. United effort for the accom- 
plishment of one great purpose for God 
will work wonders for our church in many 
ways if we simply put our shoulder to the 
wheel and push. 

We clip the following pertinent query 
from an exchange: 

Which Way? 
A kicking horse can't work, 
A working horse can't kick. 
Are you helping to pull the church for- 
Or has the church to push you along? 
The church is going forward: 
Which way are you headed? 

This reminds us of the man in our old 
home neighborhood who cured his horse of 
balking by hitching another to him to make 
him pull backward. Then the contrariness 
of the wily animal asserted itself, for he 
even objected to going the way he thought 
he wanted to go. He made the discovery 
that he merely wanted to stand still. The 
church that undertakes to stand still goes 
backward. His satanic majesty knows his 
business. ■ )»» > 

Some churches have a definite program, 
and they grow. Others have nothing defi- 
nite in mind, and they exist. Others have 
a habit of exercising their daily grouch by 
finding fault with the one who tries to 
work. The council meetings of which one 
of these do you attend? 

Just a word to the one who wearies of 
his Christian duty: "Go and show John 
again those things which ye do hear and 
see. The blind receive their sight, the lame 
walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, 
the dead are raised up, and the poor have 
the gospel preached to them, and blessed 
is he whosoever shall not be offended in 
me." ^> 

They make strong medicine in Japan, 
and send it over to China. A poster re- 
cently scattered about in China, advertising 
some quack curative says, after reciting a 
long list of diseases it will cure: "If there 
are any other diseases not mentioned in the 
list above that are peculiar to your locality, 
be sure it will cure them, too." This would 
be amusing were it not for the tragedy that 
the words are believed by far too many 
suffering Chinese. 

How many missionaries shall we send 
to the field this year? This question is be- 
ing asked on every hand, showing the 
eagerness with which the church looks to- 


The Missionary Visitor 


wards its share in the world-wide task. Let 
us see: Denmark asks for a man, China 
asks for five men, India cables for eight 
men. These with their wives would make a 
company of twenty-eight. Besides these at 
least six single sisters are asked for — a 
company of thirty-four altogether. We 
sincerely hope that a goodly number will 
go, we are sure of that; but we do not 
have enough to fill the number asked for. 
We shall defer answering the question 
definitely until after Annual Conference. 

A devoted sister in Tennessee, when 
sending in a very liberal offering recently 
for the Lord's work, said these words: "I 
tithe, giving one-tenth of the poultry and 
eggs, and it pays. If I need the Lord's 
money I borrow for a few days, always 
promising the Lord to put back more than 
I borrowed. I have dollars for the Lord 
where I had nickels and dimes before." 
Of course you find it pays, sister. And 
we hope that many others of our good 
people will place themselves in a like po- 
sition to receive both financial and spiritual 
blessing from God. The Lord likes to have 
opportunity to vindicate his promises in 
our lives. 

Heroism is not without its rewards when 
performed in the line of duty. Mention has 
repeatedly been made of the work of our 
missionaries in China during the plague of 
1918-1919. We learn that the State Depart- 
ment at Washington sent a letter of appre- 
ciation to those who engaged in this work. 
The governor and chief of police of Shansi 
Province did likewise. It is a splendid reve- 
lation to many Chinese to witness such ex- 
amples of self-sacrificing devotion. 

Shou Yang station is the latest to be 
added in China. Hereafter we shall have 
missionaries located at this place, which is 
much closer to Tai Yuan Fu, the capital of 
the province, than either of the others. The 
opportunities in China are limitless, in so 
far as our resources are concerned. 

Our Sunday-school librarians will find a 
special feature arranged for them at the 
Winona Conference. In connection with the 
missionary exhibit will be samples of splen- 

did books for church libraries. A specially- 
trained librarian will answer questions and 
make suggestions for your benefit. It will 
be to the advantage of every church to urge 
your librarian to be there. 

A missionary was asked, " Do the heathen 
get no comfort whatever from their reli- 
gion?" "Yes," was his reply, "the same 
kind of comfort that you get out of a nar- 
cotic." Only Christianity awakens the best 
in man, other religions affording no main- 
spring to effort. < «(<£ 

The United States Public Health Service 
is conducting an active campaign to " clean 
up " the nation along lines of social diseases. 
The crusade to do this, to eradicate the poi- 
son of venereal diseases, to protect the 
beauty and sanctity of the American home, 
and to champion the cause of purity for our 
young men is worthy of the widest publicity 
and fullest cooperation on the part of every 
person of our land. There is no room in 
America for these dread diseases, and if 
American Christianity awakens at this time 
when public opinion is so thoroughly 
aroused, proper laws may be enacted which 
in large measure will do away with vice dis- 
tricts in our large cities and vicious appe- 
tites of young men. The war is not without 
its compensations in some ways and this is 
one of them. 

The percentage of literacy among Libe- 
rians is said to be greater than that among 
negroes in the United States. This fact 
should be matter for serious study by our 
country in their treatment of our negro 
people. -<-^ 

Fanaticism is disappearing in many parts 
of Mexico. It is said that Protestant 
churches are better attended than ever be- 
fore, while there is a growing demand for 
both secular and religious instruction, and 
there are to be found many Protestant 
teachers in the public schools of that coun- 
try. ^> 

The expedition of the American Board 
for the Relief and Reconstruction of Arme- 
nia contemplates the establishment of fifteen 
new mission hospitals for Turkey, located at 
various places from the Black Sea to the 
Persian boundary line. 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Huge Thank Offering: Its Logic and Wisdom 

THE Great War is over. Let us thank 
God, not in word and tongue, but in 
deed and in truth. No people on 
earth have more reason to make a huge 
thank offering for this fact than the Church 
of the Brethren. 

(1) We have the wealth. Before the war, 
one of the New York banks calculated 
that the United States was worth 220 bil- 
lion dollars; the second competitor only 
150 billions. We suffered the least from 
the war, and have the greatest blessings. 
We are headed for Prussianism unless we 
keep alive the spirit of sacrifice by mo- 
mentous offerings for the Lord's work. 

(2) The cause demands it. Our boys 
offered their lives for democracy. There 
can be no democracy that endures without 
Christianity. All the sacrifice of the war 
will be in vain unless we conserve the pur- 
poses and gains by Christian education. 
Democracy is not safe anywhere, unless it 
exists everywhere. Christian missions is 
the answer. 

(3) The church must act now, and act 
in a big way, commensurate with the world 
need, and with a true loyalty to Christ. 
The war has demonstrated the absolute 
failure of everything except Christianity. 
The Christian conscience is the only con- 
structive force in humanity today, and if 
this fails all is lost. The church must 
not "play on the job," but realize that 
now is the time to follow up the war with 
the constructive, redeeming, saving Gospel. 

(4) The only guarantee for world peace 
is missions. Autocracy on the one hand, 
and Bolshevism on the other lead to wars, 
bloodshed, and unrest. The brotherhood 

of man, based on a faith in God, is the only 
hope for world peace. The church must 
make a big offering to strengthen the mis- 
sionary forces to maintain world peace. 

(5) Our blessings have been so great, 
that unless the church makes a liberal of- 
fering she will become materialistic. Our 
country is heading straight toward Prus- 
sianism, and in another generation we shall 
be completely Prussianized, materialized, 
unless the spirit of sacrifice and humanity is 
kept alive. We must make big offerings 
to save our own souls. The only way the 
church can purify herself is by missionary 
activity. To become self-centered is to be 
lost spiritually. Big blessings mean a big 
responsibility. We must give big offerings 
or become materialistic and lose eternal life. 

(6) A big offering will double the ef- 
ficiency of our missionaries. It is a great 
waste to send workers on the field without 
backing them up with all the means and 
tools they need to use their full capacities. 
It is like soldiers at the front without am- 
munition and implements of war. The need 
is great, the cause demands it, we have the 
means, and therefore a " Huge thank of- 
fering " is the only logical conclusion. 

(7) It should be a thank offering. We 
should thank God for peace, for the open 
door to democracy, for the decadence of op- 
position, for the wealth and means at our 
command. A thank offering should be 
given cheerfully, freely, and bountifully. It 
should be an " offering " and not a " col- 
lection." I hope and pray that the Church 
of the Brethren will rise to the occasion 
and give an offering that will be a real 
glory to God. D. W. K. 

How to Organize for a Financial Drive in a Local Church 

F. A. Vaniman 

THE " Forward Movement," as out- 
lined by our church, is just what is 
needed to encourage us to do big- 
ger and better things. And how to organ- 
ize each local church, so that we may be 

for the " Conference offering," is the busi- 
ness in hand. 

Whenever it is desired to reach the peo- 
ple, one of the essentials is publicity. 
Whenever the government puts on a war 

i*-\* v,cn_n i.\j\,ai <, au mai vv v* iiicajr u\, n nv,iiv,v\,i int> guiviiuuvui ^uw w" «* »» «-«■« 

able to raise the largest possible amount activity campaign it uses the press, posters 



The Missionary Visitor 


pamphlets, speakers, pulpit announcements, 
and leaflets. You will find the posters up 
in windows everywhere. Then they organ- 
ize, with a county chairman, city and town- 
ship chairmen and secretaries. Under these 
are the workers who do the actual soliciting. 
Each city and township has its budget or 
apportionment. Also each organization 
makes a list of the prospective subscribers 
in its territory, indicating after each name 
the amount that should be given. Each 
name is placed on a card, and the amount 
indicated, and these cards are given to the 

If the worker fails to secure the subscrip- 
tion, the reason is noted on the card, which 
is turned over to the chairman. Later these 
cards are examined by an executive com- 
mittee, whose business it is to see that 
justice is rendered, and if any have not sub- 
scribed enough, or not at all, a special 
committee is appointed to wait upon them. 
This is perhaps the most effective method 
known for raising funds, provided the 
chairmen, secretaries and solicitors do their 
duty. This same plan may be modified and 
used very effectively by each local church. 
It means work, and must have a wide- 
awake chairman. 

Another very effective method is the one 

frequently used when dedicating churches 
where the congregation is in debt and the 
building not all paid for; only in this case 
we would ask for money for missions, and 
the sermon should be on missions. 

Secure the best speaker possible, and let 
it be announced from the pulpit each Sun- 
day for a month, that that particular Sun- 
day is set apart for the purpose of securing 
funds for the " Conference." And let it be 
announced in advance that you are to raise 
$1,000 or $500 as the case may be. Have 
secretaries and ushers previously appointed, 
and at the close of the sermon let the secre- 
taries come forward, ready to take the 
names of the subscribers. Then let the 
speaker call for subscriptions — $50, then 
$35, $25, $15, $10, $5. After all the pledges 
are made have the ushers pass the baskets, 
and let all give who did not pledge. If any 
pay now who pledged, have them mark it 
" In payment of pledge." Later the secre- 
taries or treasurer will collect the unpaid 
pledges. If you have a full attendance this 
method is very good. Otherwise the secre- 
taries or treasurer should solicit those not 
in attendance. Either method, if faithful- 
ly performed, should secure the desired re- 

McPherson, Kans., March 16. 

Reviving Fireside Prayers: An Aid to World Evangelism 

S. S. Blough 

WORLD evangelism means bringing 
to the entire world the opportuni- 
ty to accept the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ. It does not necessarily mean that 
each soul will accept Christ, but surely the 
purpose in giving the great commission 
was that all nations shall have the Gospel. 
There is no other reasonable conclusion. 

World evangelization needs every legiti- 
mate aid that can possibly be given it. Es- 
pecially is this true if the work is to be 
completed in this generation. Why should 
we not work to this end, since this is the 
only generation in which we can be direct- 
ly engaged? The friends of the kingdom 
of God are looking for ways and means to 
complete this great task which holy men 
under the direction of God's Spirit began 

long ago. It is a task for the strongest 
and most devoted, requiring the most 
united and concentrated effort. 

Human effort alone will not bring about 
the results. Gifts are being received and 
complete surrenders are being made, but 
these are not enough. There must be an 
assurance of Divine blessing if it is to 
succeed. Perhaps the most important help 
was suggested when Jesus said, " Pray ye 
the Lord of the harvest." Yes, here is a 
work in which all can engage. Intercession 
for a world evangelization may and ought 
to be a continual service in the life of a 

Are our people doing as much praying 
as they ought? This is a question which I 
think must always be answered in the nega- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tive. There are large and undiscovered 
fields of rich experience for all. Is it be- 
cause we do not understand the value of 
prayer? It must be so. We fail to realize 
that this is a direct way of reaching those 
in need by way of the throne of God. Now 
if prayer is to figure so largely in the 
evangelization of the world, how may we 
get our members to praying more effective- 

In the first place we must do more teach- 
ing on the importance of missions. Then 
we must teach the secret of the power of 
prayer and how and where to exercise in 
it. Our people are learning rather rapidly, 
but they do not yet know as they ought. 
Oh, for greater desire to evangelize the 
world! Oh, for greater fervency in prayer! 
When will we desire to be a real part of 
these things? That Christian who has a 
deep longing for the unsaved, among them 
the heathen, will frequently hold them up 
before God in prayer. If those prayers 
should be in private only no one will be 
inspired by them, but others listening can 
not but receive inspiration on the same 
matter. What would be better, then, than 
to have in every home a daily gathering 
around the fireside, where these subjects 
would become a matter of discussion and 
prayer? It would help much in bringing 
about excellent results. 

Fireside prayer, or the family altar as it 
has been called by many, where it has been 
maintained has wielded a strong influence. 
If every home were to get back to the fire- 
side prayer what might not be accom- 
plished in this generation! This would 
bring with it a study of proper things for 
which to pray in the home and would create 
an interest in them. In this way our mis- 
sionaries would be remembered and receive 
a great benefit, while there would be in- 
stilled into the minds of the young the im- 
portance of the work and a love for it. 
Discussing mission stations and workers 
with their needs wili be an education to the 
entire family, which will eventually develop 
supporters of missions and mission work- , 
ers. What results might be obtained by a 
proper training of the rising generations 
around the home fireside and in connec- 
tion with its prayers! 

Those homes in which the fireside 

prayers are an everyday occurrence can 
testify as to its pleasure and value. In 
the homes where this is not now the case, 
or never has been, there is immeasurable 
loss. But you say it is impossible to get 
the family together long enough. All 
kinds of hindrances inject themselves into 
the plans of the home when fireside prayers 
are being arranged, yet some have proved 
that it can be done. This is a case in 
which where there is a will there is always 
a way. If you cannot obtain the best time, 
take the best that can be secured, but al- 
ways try for the best. Perhaps if you de- 
sire it enough you can get it. In most 
homes the family is all together at some 
meal. It does not take long to have a 
short reading, and then all the family bow 
in prayer around the table. If the prayers 
are strongly missionary they will in time 
have their influence. This is good, but 
not as satisfactory as at a time when more 
extended exercises can be engaged in. 
There should be time for exchange of 
views on some important subject. Pres- 
entation of the things for which prayer is 
desired, as well as the reading of God's 
Word, also is desirable: one day the evan- 
gelization of the world; the next, India 
and her needs; then China, Africa, the 
islands of the sea; after this, workers one 
by one and their work; all of these re- 
membered beside the home fireside. With 
such a plan consistently followed what 
could not be accomplished! 

Who is responsible that we are not hav- 
ing more fireside prayers? Who will as- 
sume the responsibility and take up the 
work? Would it not be in place for the 
elder or pastor of each church to be suf- 
ficiently interested in the matter to urge 
all his members to revive the family prayer 
custom? With the long neglect it will take 
time and careful teaching, but it will bring 
large results in the end. When the mat- 
ter is properly introduced it will grow 
more rapidly than might be expected. Now 
may we not hope that even this suggestion 
will induce many to be more faithful in 
fireside prayers, feeling assured that it will 
assist greatly in bringing about an evangel- 
ized world? 

Astoria. 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 137 

Our Aid Societies a Missionary Endeavor 

Mrs. Levi Minnich 

THE first aim of our Aid Societies, as 
given in our constitution, is mis- 
sionary endeavor. We may spend 
considerable time and effort in supplying 
food and clothing where needed, but as the 
missionary on the field uses all of these 
as a means to an end, so we should ever 
keep our aim in view. So far as we can 
employ these material things to enhance 
the kingdom of God we should use them. 
God has made it so easy for us to serve 
him; for by using our hands, feet, lips or 
money for the good of the needy ones 
about us, he accepts the service as if 
given direct to him. 

Again, we may use the means with which 
God has blessed us, and over which he 
has appointed us as stewards for a short 
time, to lay up treasures in heaven. If we 
want to trade in a foreign country we 
must exchange our money for the cur- 
rency of that country. So we may quilt 
and sew, or knit and mend, and then invest 
the money more directly for the spread of 
the Gospel and the saving of souls. What 
a splendid exchange! When we have giv- 
en as God would have us give he makes 
it to increase and grow in a ratio surpris- 
ingly larger than all natural laws of in- 
crease. Do you remember how it worked 
out the day the small boy gave his five 
loaves and two fishes to Jesus? 5 + 2* 1-^ 
12=5,000. That is the way God makes it 
to increase and abound if we give accord- 
ing to his will, for we must remember that 
the lad gave his all into Jesus' hands. Did 
you ever think that the ability to make 
money is God-given? Deut. 8: 18: " But 
thou shalt remember Jehovah thy God, for 
it is he that giveth thee power to get 

In our societies the past winter God 
blessed many of us with health and 
strength to work and increase our funds. 
There is a great world need as never be- 
fore. The unrest and commotion in many 
places; the powers of evil sowing discord 
broadcast — these are a call to God's people 
to greater efforts to make Christ known, 
for his power can bring peace and quiet to 

individuals and nations as nothing else can. 
There are opportunities on every hand. 
The church of Jesus Christ must arise in 
her strength and use these opportunities or 
she will fail in her purpose in the world. 

Our missionaries in India are pleading 
for help to save the starving people there 
so they may be spared and taught the way 
of life. The Mission Board has asked for 
funds for this purpose. All our mission 
fields are needing money and men to car- 
ry on their work that it be not hindered. 

Our Mission Board is looking forward to 
a larger Conference offering than ever be- 
fore to meet some of these very urgent 
calls. One hundred and fifty thousand dol- 
lars is the amount. It is not too large to 
expect. The Church of the Brethren can 
and should do this much and more. If 
we appreciate God's blessings to us, and 
give as he has prospered us, it will not be 
surprising if it goes beyond that amount. 
Prov 11: 24, 25: "There is that scattereth, 
and increaseth yet more; and there is that 
withholdeth more than is meet, but it 
tendeth only to want. The liberal soul 
shall be made fat; and he that watereth 
shall be watered also himself." 

Our societies have given in the past, but 
we want to do more, because so many are 
starving, some for physical bread and some 
for spiritual bread. Let us seek to know 
what God would have us do in the coming 
offering at Winona Lake for the world 
needs. May we have open ears to hear the 
still small voice speak to us, and then do 
as he bids. Maggie was a poor cripple 
girl, only able to go about with the use of 
her crutches. She heard the strong ap- 
peal in the missionary sermon, and her 
heart was touched to help those who did 
not know of Jesus. What could she give? 
A voice seemed to say, " Give your crutch- 
es." Oh, she could not give them, for 
they were her very life. " Yes, give your 
crutches and then some one will know 
about Jesus." 

Should she heed that voice or not? She 
had her struggle, but when the plate came 


The Missionary Visitor 


near her she lifted her precious treasures 
and the man took and steadied them on the 
plate and started up the aisle. All eyes 
followed him, for they knew those were 
Maggie's crutches. Many had written their 
checks and put them on the plate, but now 
they looked small compared with Maggie's 

offering. The wealthy banker across the 
aisle wrote out another check for $50, and 
others followed until the crutches were 
paid for many times over and restored to 
the little cripple girl, because she heeded 
the still small voice that spoke to her. 
Greenville, Ohio. 

The Sunday-Schools and Their Share of the 
Conference Offering 

I ! 

! 1 !'! 

C. S. Ikenberry 

THE Sunday-schools of our Brother- 
hood are uniquely hitched in with a 
large share of the church's For- 
ward Movement program. As a Sunday- 
school organization we have a definite goal 
in the Sunday-school's part of the program, 
and practically every point in this goal is 
missionary in spirit. The starting of new 
schools, seeking a larger and more regular 
attendance, the leading of our pupils to a 
confession of Christ, promoting study of 
the open Bible, and appropriating more of 
our offerings to the extension of his king- 
dom are definite activities in missionary 

Besides this we relate ourselves definite- 
ly to all other Forward Movement goals. 
To the general goal we must furnish 90 
per cent of the conversions in the church. 
This would mean that more than 1,300 
of our pupils must be reached in a con- 
fession of Christ. Of the three hundred 
young men that are to be called into the 
ministry we must furnish practically all. 
We can hardly conceive of a consecrated 
young brother in this age who is not in 
some way a member of the great Sunday- 
school family. 

To the educational goal we will contrib- 
u e largely to the 3,500 new students en- 
rolled in our church schools, and from the 
Sunday-school pupils we should expect to 
supply the 20 per cent of the students as 
recruits to our Student Volunteer mem- 

To the mission goal we are at least pav- 
ing the way for her greatest possibilities. 
We have come to the time when we must 
do more definite teaching in our Sunday- 
schools, not only in the consecration of 

means, but for the dedication of the lives 
of our boys and girls for the extension of 
Christ's kingdom. The new opportunities 
must be seized at once. Shall we not hold 
up such opportunities as ideal to our boys 
and girls, and thus make the future church 
more responsive to the call into definite 

What part can we have in the Winona 
Conference offering? 

First, we can emphasize missions in our 
schools to the extent that it will leaven 
the entire church membership. Parents 
become interested in the things in which 
their children are interested. By this 
means we can stimulate a larger Con- 
ference offering in the church as well as 
among individuals. 

Second, we can and should send with our 
delegates to the Conference a special Sun- 
day-school offering. This will make every 
pupil respond to the world's great call, 
and will not only help in the immediate 
evangelization of unoccupied fields, but will 
of itself engender a spirit of missions 
which will aid largely in the final evangeli- 
zation of the world. This special offering 
in the local schools will not only aid in 
raising the great memorial missionary of- 
fering, but will of itself be credited, to our 
part of the Sunday-school goal. 

" If you are a Thibetan, you not only post 
your prayers with thousands of others in a 
cylindrical prayer wheel, but you swallow 
pills of rolled paper printed with prayers, 
and hang paper flags across the mountain 
from tree to tree. You carve prayers on 
stones for miles along the roadside." 


The Missionary Visitor 


To Our Young People 

THE Becker Bicentennial Celebration 
which is to be held at the Winona 
Lake Conference in June will com- 
memorate the two-hundredth anniversary 
of the existence of our church in the United 
States. Quite a period of time has elapsed 
since our brother, Peter Becker, slipped up 
the Delaware on the slow-moving vessel 
and anchored at the City of Brotherly Love. 

But the church has grown since that 
time. Most of its members have removed 
far from the American cradle of the church, 
penetrating into the remotest parts of the 
country. Nor have they removed farther 
from that home than are the varied activ- 
ities in which we find the present' member- 
ship of the church engaged. Let us see — 
Sunday-schools, Christian Workers' Socie- 
ties, revival meetings, prayer meetings, mis- 
sion endeavor, junior organizations, col- 
leges, organized Christian endeavor — why, 
we wonder what they could have had in the 
line of Christian work away back there! 
But they had the Bible, fireside piety, sim- 
ple faith in God, serving their generation 
perhaps as well or better than we are serv- 
ing ours. 

But that is more reminiscent than we in- 
tended to become. What we wanted to say 
was that the Winona Conference will be 
unusual and unique in that a very splendid 
program, called a Life Work Conference 
for Young People, has been arranged for 
the period beginning with Wednesday eve- 
ning, June 4, and closing on Friday evening, 
June 6. Just notice the program on the 
accompanying page. 

From the standpoint of speakership this 
program is sure to be a success. But they 
must have an audience. It is earnestly 
hoped that our young people will respond 
very generally to this Conference, which can 
mean so much to them in their Christian ex- 
perience. For you who will attend, these 
two days may prove to be mountain-top 
Christian experiences. We are sure they 
will if you will enter into them with thirsty 

Young man, young woman — dear brother, 
sister — you are most cordially invited to 
attend this Life Work Conference. Please 
plan for it, talk for it, pray for it, and at-' 

tend and make it one of the bright spots in 
your Christian experience. The marks of 
its high tide in inspiration and influence can 
reach your heart and touch you with the 
indelible marks of Christ's power. 

Again we say, Come. You are most sin- 
cerely invited and urged to be present. 
Most fraternally, 
General Mission Board, 

Church of the Brethren. 
P. S. Please accept this as a personal in- 
vitation to YOU. 

Wednesday Evening, June 4 

H. C. Early, Moderator 

7:00, "My Church: What She Means to 
Me."— D. L. Miller. 

8:00, Stereopticon Lecture, "The China 
Field." — F. J. Wampler. 

Thursday Morning, June 5 

J. J. Yoder, Moderator 

8:30, The Place of Prayer in the Chris- 
tian's Life. — Jas. M. Moore. 

9:00, My Life: How Shall I Invest It? 

10:00, The Education I Must Secure. — 
Paul Bowman. 

11:00, Our Debt to America. What We 
Owe and How to Pay It. — J. M. Henry. 

Thursday Afternoon, June 5 

" Volunteer Band " 

Elsewhere than Auditorium. 

Thursday Evening, June 5 

J. A. Dove, Moderator 

7:00, "The Claims of the Christian Min- 
istry." — Levi S. Shively. 

8:00, Stereopticon Lecture, "The India 
Field." — Jess© B. Emmert. 

Friday, June 6 

C. D. Bonsack, Moderator 

8: 30 A. M., The Spirit-filled Life.—M. W. 

9: 00 A. M., The Possibilities of the Home 
Field. — V. F. Schwalm. 

9:45 A. M., The Consecrated Layman. — 
A. B. Miller. 

10:30 A. M., Conference: What Can We 
Do to Further the Interests of the Church? 


The Missionary Visitor 


(1) In the Southland.— H. S. Randolph. 

(2) In Pioneer Districts. — V. C. Finnell. 

(3) In Weak Churches. — Nelie Wampler. 

(4) In Strong Churches. — Grover L. 

(5) Among the Immigrants. — J. Kurtz 

(6) In the Cities.— W. J. Horner. 

(7) In Rural Districts.— W. H. Yoder. 
Afternoon Session 

Volunteer Meeting (Elsewhere than Auditorium) 

Evening Session 

7:00, The Call of the World to the Chris- 
tian Young Man. — Chas. C. Ellis. 

8: 00, Consecration to the World's Needs. 
—J. M. Blough. 

God's Liberty Loan 

G. L. Wine 

WE have been and are living in days 
that for the most of us have been 
filled with new and wonderful ex- 
periences; days that not only have cast 
their heartaches and sorrows (they have 
been many and grievous) upon humanity: 
they have also been days that have deep- 
ened and broadened and enriched our 
thinking. Indeed, we are thinking in larger 
terms than hitherto we had dreamed would 
be possible, however dreamlike it may at 
times seem to us to be. 

At this writing we have seen the first, 
second, third and fourth " Liberty Loans " 
raised in this country, that the world might 
be made free. We are soon to see the 
fifth. It is staggering to think of the 
amount of money that has. been raised to 
finance the war, reaching the great sum 
of twenty-three billion dollars. 

It is interesting to wonder how much of 
this large amount has been subscribed by 
the Church of the Brethren. 

The average wealth per capita of the 
people of the United States is known. 
From this knowledge it is estimated by 
many that as a people we would be rated a 
little above the average wealth, but if we 
hold only average wealth it would be ex- 
pected that we contribute our proportion- 
ate share. Being one hundred thousand in 
number, we are one-thousandth of the pop- 
ulation of the United States and one-thou- 
sandth of twenty-three billions is twenty- 
three millions, our proper share of this 
loan, if the former assumption be correct. 
This would mean two hundred and thirty 
dollars for each member of the church. 
Some one says that we have not done it; 
but who would dare say we could not have 
done it, if we have not? 

For argument's sake suppose we have 
contributed only $100 per member. That 
would mean ten millions to this loan, for 
which the government would pay to the 
bondholders of our church over $400,000 
interest each year. Certainly this estimate 
cannot be far out of the way. 

Again, I wonder how many of our mem- 
bers would suffer too greatly if not one 
cent of this loan ever came back into their 
private funds. What a forward movement 
it would be to dedicate this loan to God! 
Why not make this Liberty Loan GOD'S 
LIBERTY LOAN? It is not too great a 
sacrifice to make. Indeed, we can do this 
and still have, to give out of our other 
earnings. It would seem we have made 
rapid progress in our mission, educational 
and other work, but these figures are so 
staggering that it appears we have done 
little compared with what we might do. 
We are calling for $150,000 for missions at 
our coming Conference, which seems large 
when we think of our other offerings; but 
could we not at least give the equal of 
the interest on those ten millions of bonds, 
which would be $400,000? Praise God, may 
it be so! I propose to give to this offering 
my share of the interest, not of the ten, 
but of the twenty-three billion. WILL 

Let us make a real Liberty Loan for God, 
which will demonstrate that we are in ear- 
nest about carrying the Gospel of our Lord 
to the ends of the earth. 

Polo, 111. 

*$• <!& 

" There are only eight doctors to twelve 
million people in the province of Shansi, 
China." — Missionary W. G. Fairfield. 



The Missionary Visitor 


India's Appeal for a Mighty Advance 

J. B. Emmert 

A FEW days before we sailed from 
India a highly-educated Hindu gen- 
tleman, a Brahmin, called on me at 
the mission bungalow in Jalalpor. He dis- 
cussed with me present conditions in In- 
dia — industrial, educational, social, political 
and religious. He recounted evidences of 
awakening in all these lines and pointed 
out some dangers which lie ahead. I 
turned to him and said: " Friend, you know 
that we are interested in the welfare of 
India. Tell me, in just what way can we 
do most to help her in this time of awaken- 
ing, of change, of development?" Lifting 
his noble head, his piercing black eyes 
looking squarely into mine, he said (note 
well this ringing Macedonian call), "We 
need in India more men just like you mis- 
sionaries, who can go' up and down our 
land among our people, meeting them in 
their homes and bringing to them the truth 
which has made the West great. And let 
me say, further, we need more American 
missionaries." I grasped his hand and 
heartily thanked him for that declaration, 
assuring him that I would carry his appeal 
to the strong and true of America. I am 
sorry to state that this Hindu gentleman 
is not a Christian, but has not our blessed 
Lord Jesus used him to utter a clarion call 
to the Christian manhood and woman- 
hood of America? 

The war sent up prices in India 100 per 
cent, making it exceedingly hard for the 
common people to get food and clothing. 
Then influenza swept the country, taking 
a frightful death toll and causing much loss 
by paralyzing agricultural activities at a 
critical time. More than this, the rainfall 
was very deficient all over India the past 
year, leaving millions in want and face to 
face with death by starvation. The British 
Government is doing nobly in supplying 
relief in the form of labor for all who are 
able to work, but the compensation in 
grain is so meager that it suffices for the 
laborer only. Unless we help with our 
abundance many children must die for 
want of food, and that right among the 
people who are now turning to Christ in 

our own mission field. For them we plead. 
Only three dollars a month will keep a 
child alive and put him in school in the 
bargain. Surely, everyone who reads this 
appeal will want to give enough, or per- 
suade some one else to give enough, to 
carry one child over the awful months yet 
to drag around before another harvest can 
be reaped. Try to calculate the immense 
value such help will be among the people 
to whom we have been telling the virtues 
of our Lord. A few days ago, after the 
needs of these suffering ones had been pre- 
sented, an old blind brother arose in his 
place and called the speaker to his side. 
In a sob-broken voice he said, " Here, my 
dear brother, take this money, the last cent 
I have and all I have, and send it over to 
the needy in India," and he handed over a 
dollar and fifteen cents. That man has 
suffered and is willing to suffer more in 
order to relieve the greater suffering of 
others. Will we allow that dear old blind 
brother to outdo us in this noble cause? 
Let us go away " over the top " in our for- 
ward movement and compel our faithful 
Mission Board to set its goal much higher 
the next time. 

During 1918 299 were baptized into our 
church in India. That is more than twice 
as many as the year before, and many 
more than we received any other year since 
1912. It is almost 19 per cent increase of 
the entire membership of the church in 
India. While you rejoice in this splendid 
evidence of God's presence, I wish I could 
burn into your consciousness a picture as 
I see it. In two of our churches in India 
accessions are purposely limited and re- 
stricted. This is necessary, because we do 
not have sufficient Indian teachers and pas- 
tors to care for converts after they are 
received. For twenty-five years you and 
we have been praying for God to give us 
India for our blessed Christ. Now the 
barriers and dikes are breaking. A mighty 
flood is about to break through, giving 
us what is known on mission fields as a 
" mass movement." For this your mis- 
sionaries are trying hard to prepare, but 


The Missionary Visitor 


do you know that the number of mission- 
ary men is so small, and those who are 
there are so burdened with other neces- 
sary work, that for two years we have ac- 
tually had no one free to conduct our Bible 
Teachers' Training School? In the mean- 
time, Brethren Stover and Long are stand- 
ing at the breach in the dikes, endeavoring 
to hold back and control the stream of on- 
coming converts, until the church in 
America and the training camps in India 
supply the needed teachers. 

Shall we unitedly call upon God to turn 
back the tide and so meet the situation, 
or shall we cry mightily unto him to 
thrust out workers, American and Indian, 
to care for the perishing as they come? 
While you pray, you can speed up the sup- 
ply by suggestion to your own son or 
daughter to go. You can yourself volun- 
teer to go. You can offer support to any 
one who does go. You can support men 
in the training schools in India ($5 a 
month). You can support future workers 
who are now in the boarding schools ($3 
a month). You can give in larg% sums or 
small for the work in any of its phases, 
for the whole effort of your mission in 
India has but one object — saving men in 


Ruth Royer 

THE second member of the Elizabeth- 
town College Volunteer Band to be 
called from preparation here to serv- 
ice with him, was Sister Minnie Good. 

For a number of years she heard God's 
call to service, but she was unwilling to 
yield herself unconditionally. In the fall 
of 1917 she came to Elizabethtown because 
she felt the need of a Christian education, 
whatever her life's work might be. 

She again returned to school in Septem- 
ber, 1918. Two weeks later she became a 
volunteer. Her cup of joy was then full 
and her victory Complete. All life looked 
new to her, with the wonderful peace of 
God in her soul. 'The future seemed so 
bright. Her home church in Lancaster, 
Pa., decided to pay for her education, and 
also were planning to support her on the 
foreign field. But this happy life lasted 
only a few months until God called her, 
November 19, 1918. 

Sister Good was sociable, optimistic, and 
always ready to lend a helping hand. We 
miss her, but know that for her to die was 
gain. There is one worker less, yet the 
need remains. Who will the reinforce- 
ments be? 


The Missionary Visitor 


China Calls to America for Help 

Fred J. Wampler, M. D. 

IF our work in China is to go on un- 
hindered, it is very necessary that the 
church support it better financially. 
That our field in China may be adequately 
occupied, our mission is calling for twenty- 
five or thirty new workers for the next five 
years. Before the Board can send us these 
assistants, of course they must have finan- 
ces with which to support them; and not 
only is their support to be cared for, but 
they, together with those already on the 
field, must have increasingly large financial 
support for their labors. As we occupy 
more out-stations, we must put Chinese in 
charge. As we open up more schools 
throughout our districts, we must have 
Chinese school-teachers and places in which 
they can teach. All these things mean that 
we must have money. In the hospitals new 
buildings are needed and larger staffs are 
required as the work grows. 

In China we have forty missionaries. Of 
these, only seven have houses that would 
compare in comfort and convenience with 
the dwellings you live in in America. The 
others are still occupying Chinese or semi- 
Chinese houses. Within the last couple of 
years the mission has called for six other 
residences, which would take care of fifteen 
more missionaries, but the Board has not 
been able to grant us the privilege of build- 
ing these because the funds were insuffi- 
cient. Most of the missionaries have had 
to spend one term of service on the field 
in Chinese houses. These structures are 
gone over and remodeled to a certain ex- 
tent, but at the best they are dirty, damp, 
and inconvenient. The missionaries have 
been very willing to accept these conditions, 
but they ought not to be asked to continue 
in them any longer than necessary. To do 
the most effective work, and that there may 
not be unnecessary loss from disease and 
death, all the missionaries should have for- 
eign houses. Unsanitary and inconvenient 
housing conditions are especially hard on 
the missionary housewife and mother. 

At Ping Ting Chou we have been taking 
care of between twenty to twenty-five hos- 
pital patients each month. With the ex- 

ception of the last month of 1918, all this 
has been done in Chinese buildings that 
are ill-adapted to hospital work. Even with 
the two wards just completed, because of 
the location we cannot get the best results 
until we have the administration building 
of the hospital erected. With better build- 
ings and a small increase in staff we would 
be able to double our number of hospital 
patients. We have carried on the work 
with the men and the women with one staff 
and one set of instruments. This would not 
be bad if it were together; but the work 
for men is just about half a mile from that 
for women, and every time we have an op- 
eration in the women's hospital we have to 
go first to the men's hospital and bring the 
instruments and things necessary for the 
operation, and then the patients have to be 
taken care of in poorly-lighted and ill-ven- 
tilated rooms. These conditions will not be 
better until the home church contributes 
more liberally to missions, so that the 
Board can grant us funds sufficient for the 
erection of our buildings. 

The boys' schools at both Liao Chou and 
Ping Ting Chou need funds to develop in- 
dustrial work. The hospital building at 
Liao Chou will require additions in a few 
years, and at all the stations in the near 
future buildings will be needed to take care 
of the evangelistic work for women. We 
are opening up a new station at Shou Yang, 
and this will make imperative buildings and 
equipment there. 

The work, of course, is going on and 
will continue, but it is not the best the 
Church of the Brethren can do, and you 
certainly should not be content to have 
work that is second-best stand for our part 
in the work of preaching Christ to the world 
and thereby delay the coming of his king- 
dom on earth. ^ £ 

" Religion is the only force in the world I 
have ever heard of that does actually trans- 
form the life; and the proof of the trans- 
formation is to be found all over the world, 
and is multiplied and repeated as Christian- 
ity gains fresh territory in the non-Christian 
world." — President Wilson. 


The Missionary Visitor 



For a Greater Church of the Brethren for the World" 

T. R. Coffman 

THIS makes one think of the watch- 
word of God's ancient people Israel, 
" Go Forward," and since we have 
been studying the history of these people 
in our Sunday-school lessons, this subject 
should interest us all the more. 

The Christian life is not a stagnated pool; 
we either progress or retrograde; is this not 
true of the church? We either go forward 
or backward, no standing still. In our busi- 
ness we are not satisfied unless our business 
is growing; each year we want to do a lar- 
ger amount of business. Should we not feel 
the same way about our church? I dare say 
there is not one, who is thoroughly convert- 
ed and consecrated to the service of God, 
that does not have a desire to see a greater 
Church of the Brethren. 

Now what will make the church greater? 
First, increase her numbers; yes, that will 
make her greater numerically. Now to do 
this we must make more of evangelism, 
reach out after others, do more evangelistic 
work. Possibly the best way would be to 
think of the plan and the program of God. 
What is it? The great passion of God is 
world redemption; winning the world for 
Christ. Where would we go to discover 
this plan and program of God? Not to the 
history of the world, but to God's Word. 
Notice the importance of the events in the 
program. They are pivotal events. Evan- 
gelization, three periods: 1. Preparation — 
Noah to Christ. 2. Realization — Christ to 
Pentecost. 3. Evangelization, now. God 
does not build his plan on blocks of time, 
but in the fulfillment of conditions. We 
must have this passion for souls, we must 
feel the weight of souls, the responsibility 
resting heavily upon us, and feel, like Paul, 
"I am debtor," until every man has heard 
the plan of salvation. 

Second, to make the church greater we 
must do more mission work. We must 
have more missionaries in the home and for- 
eign fields. Let us think of the biblical 
basis for the World's Missionary Enterprise. 
1. Conception: We must have some concep- 
tion of this great movement. The object and 
aim of our Christian life, what is it? Are 
we here for pleasure? Is it for character 

development? Are these adequate? No. 
" As the Father hath sent me so send I you." 
We spoke of evangelism. Personal evangel- 
ism is saving the man in sight; missions is 
saving the man out of sight. And how men 
are to be saved is the main function of the 
church. 2. Conception, with reference to 
God himself: Is your God a world God? If 
so, make him such. John 3: 16. 3. Your 
conception of Christ: What is your thought 
of him as a Savior? How much a Savior? 
Is he a world Savior? 4. Your conception 
of the Holy Spirit, the drawing power of 
the Spirit. 5. Your conception of God's 
providence: Does he care for us? Our con- 
ception of these will help us in our work. 
Yes, more mission work, more missionaries 
in the field will make a greater Church of 
the Brethren. 

Third, more consecrated workers will 
make a greater church. The word we hear 
so much today is " efficiency " ; the need is 
more efficient workers. The act of con- 
secration lies at the foundation of all suc- 
cess. God knows how much the church of 
today needs thoroughly converted Chris- 
tians, who are set apart, devoted to God, 
spiritual-minded men, willing to give their 
active service to him. Who can fail to ob- 
serve the menace of indifference, lukewarm- 
ness and worldliness that is threatening the 
church? We forget that the church rests 
upon the foundation of consecrated effort. 

Fourth, more money will make the church 
greater. I spoke of consecrating ourselves, 
but not of our means. The church, will be 
greater and in shape to do a greater work, 
when our wealth is consecrated; all we have 
placed at the church's disposal. Consecrat- 
ed pocketbooks will make the church 
greater because the Mission Board will 
have the money to do more work. 

Fifth, our church will be greater, when 
we use more of our young people, use more 
of the latent talent in the church. We need 
to mobilize our church work, and our work- 
ers. " We are not here to play, to dream, 
to drift; we have work to do and loads to 

The inspiration of this new movement. 


The Missionary Visitor 


With this new movement comes the larger 
conception of the mission of the church, 
and with it will come the deepening of the 
spiritual life. And that will make the church 
greater spiritually. When we think of all 
this we see the times are ripe for a great 
onward movement of God's people; it is 
the hour of opportunity for the church. The 
new movement finds inspiration in the 
greatness of the work that awaits the 
church; the world is white unto harvest. 
When we think of the general goal, and the 
goal of the Sunday-school and church, what 
a great opportunity we have for a greater 
church! The greater and nobler our work, 
the more do we realize our need of Divine 
help, and we will spend more time in pray- 
er for power to do greater work and reach 
the desired goal. 

Progress should be our motto today. It 
seems to me as we read our Testament and 
find how it encourages us to go on, we will 
be inspired to press on to reach the goal. 
There are so many things to spur us on to 

greater Christian activity, and not be satis- 
fied with present growth. 

And there is another thought that is nec- 
essary. That is vision. " Where no vision 
is the people perish." If we can catch the 
vision of a greater Church of the Brethren 
we will work for it. Some one has said, 
" It is easier to do a big thing than a small 
thing." Then when we sum it all up, to 
have a greater Church of the Brethren we 
must organize, vitalize, capitalize and evan- 
gelize, and to do this we must mobilize our 

No doubt many read in the papers of the 
Greater Lutheran Church. There were 
three branches of this church. There was 
some little difference in their polity, and 
some little prejudice possibly between these 
branches. Some weeks ago the heads of 
these branches of the church met in New 
York City in a conference to unite these 
branches. They buried their prejudices, ad- 
justed their differences, and united as the 
Greater Lutheran Church. 

Meyersdale, Pa. 


Florence B 

GREAT numbers among all classes of 
people have died. It is said that this 
epidemic has been much worse than 
plague, cholera or smallpox, as there 
seemed no way of overcoming it ere it had 
run its course. All missions have lost heavi- 
ly of their native membership. Many have 
lost missionaries. God in his love has 
spared all our missionaries. However, a 
number were stricken with the disease. 
Some of our best native brethren and sis- 
ters passed over to be with the Lord. 
This disease has been especially hard on 
mothers with small children. Great num- 
bers of babies have been left motherless. 
In many cases both parents have died, leav- 
ing a number of small children. Our mis- 
sion has taken steps to open a babies' home 
under the direction of Sister Himmelsbaugh. 
At all of our stations we had to turn away 
children for whom we could not care. We 
took in as many as possible. Here at Da- 
hanu, just last December, we sent to our 


. Pittenger 

boarding school three small boys who were 
brought here some time ago in a starving 
and sick condition. Under the doctor's di- 
rection they have improved much. 

The northern part of our mission field 
is greatly affected by famine conditions. 
Here in the southern part it is not so bad, 
as we had more rain. There is plenty of 
work, and if people are industrious they can 
live in spite of the extremely high prices. 
Since the war has stopped some things have 
become a bit less in price. However, the 
rich dealers and money lenders go to the 
limit in deceiving the poor, ignorant people. 
In numerous cases they ask many times the 
proper price for an article, simply because 
the poor, starving people cannot defend 
themselves. £ 

At a recent meeting of our field committee 
it was decided to give some financial as- 
sistance to our native helpers, to enable 
them to " make ends meet " during these 
hard days. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Because of the epidemic the school work 
all over our field was greatly hindered if not 
broken up. Now the work has opened again 
and we trust it will go forward with re- 
newed zeal. The touring season has opened, 
and hence the evangelistic work is being 

From Dahanu Sister Royer and her Bible 
woman have gone out in their tent to live 
among the people. From Anklesvar Sister 
Ziegler has done likewise. So from other 
stations all who can, go out to sow the pre- 
cious seed. We are hopeful for a harvest to 
be gathered into the Lord's garner. 

India Notes 

Ida C. Shumaker 

A FEW moments ago there appeared 
before our door two women of the 
Koli caste who had come a long dis- 
tance for medicine. They set down a large 
round basket, not unlike the one in which 
baby Moses must have slept. Upon exami- 
nation the basket was found to contain, 
among other things, a nice, chubby baby 
boy, who looked up and smiled so sweetly 
and began to kick and play, in spite of the 
fact that his little legs were covered with 
a loathsome disease. The mother informed 
us that she was sending two of her boys to 
our mission school in the village. We spoke 
to her about sending girls to our boarding 
school. The repair work is still going on. 
We hope to be ready soon to receive girls 
into our boarding school here on the com- 
pound, jt 

Another interesting event just took place. 
I looked out of my office window where the 
crows were making an unusual noise, and 
the gardener left his work (putting ropes 
on the cots in preparation for the incoming 
teachers from the villages to attend a special 
council meeting prior to our District Meet- 
ing), to make a "wild-goose chase" after 
some neighbor's goats which were helping 
to devour the foodstuffs in our garden — all 
too scarce for these famine times. Sudden- 
ly a patch of blue flitted by, and an awful 
yell filled the air. Now do not be fright- 
ened — 'twas only the gardener's wife run- 
ning some monkeys out of another patch 
where we have fruit trees. One saucy fel- 
low was scrambling down the tree with a 
large papai which was ripe and ready to 
eat. Then from the cook-house came some 
more sounds. The cook was chasing squir- 
rels. They were trying to get away with 
some dried corn which we had placed in 
the sun. We could not afford to lose even a 

grain. It was a gift from loved ones in 
America. While the cook's back was turned 
a number of crows came along and stole 
some bread and were feasting upon it. 

Interesting, isn't it? Look away from 
this scene and note what is taking place in 
another part of our compound. One of the 
workers from Bulsar went north seeking a 
bride. During the night he came here, 
bringing his new wife to be the guest of his 
sister. Now the husband and wife are try- 
ing to get acquainted. They will leave here 
in an oxcart for the station and in a short 
time will be " at home " in Bulsar. May 
the Father's blessing attend them. 

The mission oxcart will soon start to the 
villages on an evangelistic tour. The work- 
ers take with them plenty of Bibles, books, 
tracts, Gospels, etc., to sell and distribute 
as they go from village to village, preaching 
the Word. This is the season when we 
push the evangelistic work especially. Good 
reports are coming in from the various sta- 
tions concerning the evangelistic efforts. 
The workers are doing all they can to 
" make Jesus known " to these benighted 
souls. ^8 

At this writing, so far as we know, the 
epidemic of influenza, cholera, and small- 
pox, which was threatening to smite us 
again, has been stayed. Those in charge of 
the work in Dahanu put up a stiff fight 
against cholera, which h?.d broken out in 
the boarding school and claimed a few vic- 
tims. Those at Anklesvar were fighting 
smallpox, which claimed one of the boys 
in the boarding school; and those in the 
Dang Forest acted quickly and worked he- 
roically to counteract the evil wrought by a 
second return of influenza. When it was 


The Missionary Visitor 


known that these diseases had been preva- 
lent among us, word was sent to the various 
mission stations for definite prayer. We 
continued in prayer, while those " on the 
spot " worked and prayed. The Lord has 
heard. We praise his name! 
Bro. Kaylor has said " farewell " to the 
loved ones whom he left at Vada, and is 
arranging to sail for America about the mid- 
dle of March. Brother and Sister Blough 
also have said " farewell " to the loved ones 
whom they left in the Dangs, and are mak- 
ing preparations to sail about the last of 
March. «£ 

Sister Widdowson is still holding on to 
her work at Anklesvar. As soon as sailing 
arrangements are complete she also will be 
leaving us. As these faithful workers de- 
part we shall greatly miss them. May their 
stay in the homeland prove a rich blessing 
in every way. ^t 

During the past three months Bombay 
has been suffering from an epidemic of 
cholera of unusual magnitude, having lost 
20,000 people in that time. In fact, its 
record for the past year is very little better, 
as 60,000 died in that period. According to 
latest reports the epidemic of influenza, 
cholera and smallpox in the various cities 
of India is on the downward grade. 

From plague in all India during the week 
ending Feb. 8, there were 3,140 seizures and 
2,350 deaths. This disease also is on the 
downward slide. ^ 

The " pinch of famine " is felt very keen- 
ly in many parts of India. How one's heart 
is made to ache to know of so much distress 
and to see the effects whenever the grim 
face of Famine puts in its appearance! The 
service of famine relief is being pushed as 
never before. Attempts are being made to 
meet the situation as far as possible. Cheap 
grain shops are being opened in various 
places; also cattle camps, and grass depots 
for sale of grass at reduced rates, and in ex- 
treme cases some grass is given free. Ef- 
forts for human relief as well as cattle re- 
lief are noticed where the great famine has 
done its deadly work. The opening of poor- 
houses also is being done. You can well 

imagine what a great amount of money is 
needed to give even a little relief to men, 
women and children, and to cattle. 

We are glad to report that the agricul- 
tural outlook in some parts of India is fair. 
" Standing crops are in fair and good con- 
dition in several districts. Picking cotton 
continues in parts of Sind, Gujarat, Ka- 
rualak, Sholapur, Baroda and Rewa Kau- 
tha. Scarcity of fodder felt in almost all 
districts; but available local supplies in 
worst affected areas continued to be sup- 
plied, supplemented by allotments from 
government stocks. Cattle generally are 
in poor condition in this district. Supply 
of water for drinking generally sufficient, 
but for irrigation deficient in several dis- 
tricts. Prices of food, grains — high, but 
generally steady." — Bombay Chronicle. 

A public meeting of all classes in Lahore 
was held Jan. 26, " to move the govern- 
ment to pass a law prohibiting the manu- 
facture, sale, export and import of intoxi- 
cating liquors in India, . . . requesting 
that a law similar to that of America be 
passed with regard to the prohibition of 
manufacture, sale, and export and import 
of intoxicating liquors." Does this not 
make you feel to thank God and take cour- 
age? ^ 

Says some one, " If people only knew 
they would do." We close with an earnest 
prayer that you, dear readers, will do your 
part in causing others to know that which 
the Master Teacher asked YOU to GO 
TELL to others. Remember, that you are 
personally responsible for your portion of 
the unsaved. Are you ready to face them 
at the judgment, realizing your responsi- 
bility for their condition? Answer this 
question on your knees. 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., Feb. 27. 

" More students have gone to war from 
Oxford and Cambridge Universities alone 
than it was estimated by the Student Volun- 
teer Movement, when it adopted its watch- 
word, would be required in thirty years to 
evangelize the world." — Missionary Review, 
April, 1917. 


The Missionary Visitor 


China Notes for January and February 

V. Grace Clapper 

ON Jan. 1, the pupils of both the Girls' 
and Boys' Schools, with their teach- 
ers, were out in a body extending to 
the missionaries the season's greetings — the 
girls with the usual polite bow and " Bai 
Nien" (Happy New Year), and the boys 
with a loud English " Happy New Year." 
The pupils in the advanced grades in both 
schools are studying English, and are de- 
lighted when they are able to put some of 
it to use. £t 

The week of prayer was observed by the 
church at this place, the Chinese Christians 
taking a very active part. It is a real in- 
spiration to us to note the fervor and the 
earnestness in the prayers of our native 
brethren and sisters who have so recently 
emerged from the darkness of heathenism. 

Three familiar faces are missing among 
us since Jan. 25, when Dr. and Sister Wam- 
pler and Sister Anna Blough left us. They 
sail for America from Shanghai on the. 
steamship " China," and ere this news 
reaches you will have reached the shores 
of America. Practically the entire Chinese 
church " brought them on their way " out 
of the city in true oriental style. 

Recently Bro. R. C. Flory and Dr. O. G. 
Brubaker came from Liao to attend the 
regular meeting of the field committee, 
which met at Pingtinghsien Jan. 27 and 28. 
Among the items of business which are of 
special interest to the Visitor family was 
the decision that Bro. Brights be located 
at Pingtinghsien for the first year after 
their return from furlough, since Bro. 
Bright is to oversee the building opera- 
tions at this place for 1920. A five-year 
program for the China Mission also was 
passed upon according to the "Visions and 
Dreams " of the workers. The field is open 
for big things, and the mission has faith in 
the home church to help so that the pro- 
gram may be more than accomplished. The 
Christian church must win the thinking 
men of China for her service. 

During February quite an extended evan- 
gelistic campaign was carried on by both 

men and women missionaries and native 
workers. At the beginning of the month 
Bro. Crumpacker and Bro. Yin left 
Pingting to engage in the union evan- 
gelistic campaign in the northern part 
of Shansi. They were joined by about 
a dozen other workers at Hsin Chow, and 
for nearly three weeks made preaching trips 
to the villages in and around the places 
that were visited by the pneumonic plague 
last year. During this campaign it is esti- 
mated that several thousand people heard 
the Gospel preached, and 126 men were en- 
rolled as enquirers. Much enthusiasm also 
was shown by our workers at Pingting. 
Under the leadership of Bro. Vaniman 
about sixty or seventy men and boys were 
out daily for one week. These were di- 
vided into seven parties, rotating in their 
places of activity so that no party was two 
days in the same place. The native Chris- 
tian women also were no less enthusiastic 
in this great work. Under the direction of 
Sister Emma Horning 150 homes in Ping- 
ting and in the villages round about were 
visited and heard the gospel story, many of 
them for the first time. The message was 
welcomed everywhere by both men and 
women. ^ 

During the past three weeks Sister Horn- 
ing with her two Bible Women, Sisters 
Chang and Doe, have visited ninety-one 
homes in twelve villages, telling the gospel 
story. Everywhere homes are opening up, 
and even the women are beginning to be- 
lieve that the Gospel is for them too. They 
seem hungry for it, and during each week 
forty-three classes of them are being taught 
to read, some of them over forty and fifty 
years of age. ^ 

Dr. Brubaker has been spending some 
time at Pingting since Dr. Wampler left for 
America. While away from his station he 
also made business trips to Peking and 



On Wednesday, Feb. 5, little Miss Verna 
Ruth came to live in the home of Brother 
and Sister B. M. Flory. She receives a 
hearty welcome into the mission family. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The death angel has been among us, and 
took from our midst little Ronald Bowman, 
son of Brother and Sister Bowman, who 
are attending the Language School at 
Peking. j& 

Sister Yin, wife of our native minister, 
accompanied by her three sons, recently 
returned from the province of Shantung 
where she was visiting in the home of her 
mother-in-law. j8 

The present enrollment of the Girls' 
School at Pingting is forty-three. They 
are indeed a fine bunch of girls, and if 
you could see them racing and jumping 
around you would be convinced that they 
know how to make good use of their " big 
feet," and that they are enjoying a freedom 
which their mothers and grandmothers 
knew nothing about. The fact that there 
are hundreds of such schools in this vast 
empire marks the dawn of a better day for 
Chinese womanhood. 

Sister Bessie Rider is spending several 
weeks at Fengchowfu, where she is engaged 
in nursing Mrs. Pye, of the American Board 
Mission. & 

The schools which had closed the latter 
part of January for the Chinese New Year 
vacation reopened on Feb. 20 for steady 

The Boys' School at Liao has an in- 
creased attendance over last term of almost 
thirty, and the Girls' School has added six, 
with others to follow. 

The city official is opening a government 
school in the city and is making an effort to 
enforce attendance by all girls of school 
age. Our mission school is recognized, 
however, and girls are not to be discour- 
aged in coming to us instead of the govern- 
ment school in case they prefer it. 

Dr. Brubaker was permitted to spend 
some time during the month of February, 
in visiting the Union Medical Hospital in 
Peking where he was enabled to observe 
some very helpful up-to-date work in the 
medical line. j8 

Evangelistic work was very much enjoyed 
by both Chinese and foreigners at Liao 
Chou. Bro. Flory organized the men into 
groups of from two to five, who went into 

the streets of the city and surrounding vil- 
lages, preaching and selling Gospels. They 
report many groups of eager listeners, and 
we are sure that the Word thus proclaimed 
will bear much fruit for the Master. 

The women, under the direction of Sister 
Senger, visited in the homes of the city, 
singing songs and telling the good news of 
salvation to those who were willing to lis- 
ten. Two days were spent in going to the 
villages, a foreigner and a Chinese lady go- 
ing together. Thus the seed is being sown 
which will in time bring forth a harvest for 
the Master. 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi. 


Over against the treasury 
He sits who gave himself for me. 
He sees the coppers that I give, 
Who gave his life that I might live. 
He sees the silver I withhold, 
Who left for me his throne of gold, 
Who found a manger for his bed, 
Who had not where to lay his head. . 
He sees the gold I clasp so tight, 
And I am debtor in his sight. 

fcto L " 

■ 1***^*£*mH 


tar , 

[7 Jj 

Mrs. Yin, a Bible Woman, and Her Child 

150 The Missionary Visitor May 

The Preacher on His Wheel 

J. F. Graybill 

IT is quite interesting, to those who are The trip required sixteen days, during 
accustomed to better means of convey- which a distance of 507 miles was covered, 
ance, to read about our missionaries all on the wheel, without a single puncture or 
making long journeys in their oxcarts and a cent of traveling expense. The longest dis- 
on their donkeys. When reading one almost tance ridden in a single day was seventy- 
wishes for the experience of such a trip. eight miles, which was a twelve-hour day's 
But these are not all the ways of convey- work, over roads that could not be com- 
ance on the mission fields. We have heard mended, and with over seventy gates to 
of a missionary in India, whose home con- open and close. Much of the road was 
gregation had supplied him with an automo- shaded by heavy timber, and one could cycle 
bile. How practical this means of convey- miles without seeing a person. A nice little 
ance is in India I am not fully able to de- rain appeared to break the monotony of the 
termine, but would not consider it practic- trip, and to add to the disagreeableness of 
able at least in some parts of that country, this the wrong road was selected where the 
Here in Sweden a runabout could be used road forked. Because no one was near of 
to good advantage, and sometimes we real- whom to inquire, the trip was nine miles 
ly wish we had one. But such a machine longer than was necessary. But the mark 
would not have been practicable here the was attained and after a good night's repose 
last two years, because of the lack of oil the preacher was ready for his two appoint- 
for motor power. This, I have learned, was ments for the day. 

also the condition in the States, and many ™™,-i . u - * • • a • * 

, , . . While on this trip we enjoyed sixteen 

of our enterprising brethren were obliged , . . , , . , . 

, P preaching services and made twenty-eight 

to turn to other means of conveyance or ■ ■<. n,, .. . , ,. ,. r , , 

_ . visits. The outing was most delightful and 

remain at home for the Sunday services. . . ,. wu-i *.• ia ■ 

_, ....,., , invigorating. While resting one could m- 

The scarcity of oil did not prevent the , « . , . , , ... ,. rp, 

. • • . , . . . dulge in heaping hay and binding rye. Ihe 

writer from making a trip on his wheel to n , . , , , ... ., ' c J 

. . • , ,, i Creator blessed these days with the finest 

our mission stations and a call on a number , . , . . 

. , , , . , , . weather, with but one exception, 
of our isolated members in the month ot 

August. He made a round trip over the <£ «£ 

three most southern provinces of Sweden 

and exceedingly enjoyed an invigorating FINANCIAL REPORT 

outing. The trip afforded occasion to be- (Continued from Page 160) 

hold some of the most beautiful scenery and Michigan 

to inhale the purest air. The otherwise Hart S. S., 30 00 

lonely trip was made cheerful by the f eath- A^j^Nickey, 250 00 

ered songsters which furnished music as one Missouri 

quietly steered through the large forests. Two Sisters, 15 00 

It gave one great pleasure to meet those Nebraska 

of like precious faith, some of whom we had Afton Church ' 30 27 

- T , . New Mexico 

not seen for over two years. It was also Samuel Weimer> 3 w 

agreeable to form new acquaintances. Then hk> 

the trip also afforded the privilege of testi- Logan County War Chest Assn., $5; Rush 

f y ing to the grace of God that hath appeared ^ reek Cong " $530 ' * 10 30 

. « . ... .. , Oregon 

and bringeth salvation to all men, and even Port i and church, 33 00 

to administer baptism to a soul who desired Pennsylvania 

to cast his lot with the people of God. We Mary A. Kinsey, 10 00 

also enjoyed two love feasts and installed Tennessee 

, ,•■ ,. . . , t-,, Mrs. J. T. Emmert, 7 00 

a young brother in the ministry, ihese ex- ~ 

periences were a change from the routine Midland Aid Society. 10 00 

work in the city and gave rest and caused West Virginia 3 64 

fullness of joy in the heart. Total for March, .$ 610 71 



The Missionary Visitor 


LaVerne College Mission Band 

Mabel Crist 

Our Band Meetings 

THE 1918-19 band of LaVerne College 
is larger than at any time previous. 
We have among our number nine 
foreign volunteers, and others who have 
decided definitely for foreign work but have 
not yet signed the pledge. We have also 
ministers and others who feel definitely the 
need of the home field. 

It is the aim of our band to make our 
meetings the most helpful for developing 
efficient workers for both foreign and home 
lands; also to improve opportunities for 
service at the present time. 

We have found several lines of activity 
through which to direct our service. One 
avenue is that of singing each Sunday after- 
noon for the sick and aged people. An- 
other is the deputation work in surrounding 
churches; also through our weekly mission- 
ary offering, which is used for general mis- 
sionary purposes. At present the band is 
sending several members to Los Angeles, 
each Monday evening, to assist at the 
Chinese Mission. 

Our regular band meetings are held each 
Sunday morning from 8:45 to 9:30. Fol- 
lowing the devotional opening exercises we 
study some helpful book. We have found 
it very conducive to a devotional atmos- 
phere of the services to have some special 
devotional music at the opening. 

At the beginning of this year the band 

decided to work for the promotion of a 
deeper devotional spirit by taking up the 
study of some devotional book. The book 
studied was that of " The Master's Indwell- 
ing," by Murray. 

Following this, during the second semes- 
ter we are using the " Lure of Africa," as 
a study of the African field. We pray that 
this may result in the LaVerne Band doing 
something definite for Africa in her time 
of greatest need, by praying, giving, going. 

In connection with this meeting we have 
on each Sunday morning from 8: 15 to 
8:45 a Prayer Band meeting, the nature of 
which is threefold: that of giving praise to 
God for manifestations of his love to his 
children; to promote a deeper spirit of con- 
secration; and primarily for intercession in 
behalf of the great work of God's kingdom 
in the world. This meeting has meant 
much to us through the year. 

This year, the first since Bro. Crumpack- 
er and Bro. Eby were here two years ago, 
the band is being visited by several of the 
returned missionaries. Brother and Sister 
Wampler spent several days with us. We 
are looking forward to the coming of 
Brother and Sister Emmert and Sister An- 
na Blough. 

May God bless the work of the volun- 
teers to the saving of many souls and to 
the glory of his name! 

La Verne, Calif. 

Deputation Work, Bethany Volunteer Band 

Roger D. Winger 

THE deputation work has grown to be 
a very important phase of the ac- 
tivity of the Bethany Band, and has 
proved to be a most fruitful field of en- 
deavor. We praise the Lord for the phe- 
nomenal results that are evident. 

It has been found most suitable to select 
three members of the band for each team. 
An additional one may be deemed advisable 
upon occasion, according to the plan of the 
program or the desire of the church which 
requests a visit of the team. The needs of 

the church will determine the nature of the 
program — whether general in its scope, or 
specific in its consideration of a certain 
field, or a discussion of some particular 
phase of missionary activity, or biograph- 
ical, or some combination of the four. 

The personnel of the team usually repre- 
sents this combination of talent; viz., an in- 
spiring speaker, who is capable of giving a 
strong general missionary address; a read- 
er and story teller, who is able to inspire 
adults and children to missionary activity 


The Missionary Visitor 


through the dramatic appeal; and a re- 
turned missionary who, through a wealth 
of experience, is well qualified to present 
before the mind a specific field of mission- 
ary effort. The story hour, whenever it 
may be had, receives a wonderful response 
from the children. Special musical num- 
bers are given by the team when musical 
talent is represented, but if such is not the 
case the churches are asked to provide the 
musical numbers, being advised in their 
selection of the music by the team. 

We have found it most convenient to 
make week-end trips and to include two or 
three churches in a circuit. Such arrange- 
ment, in addition to the new benefit rates 
provided in transportation by the govern- 
ment for ministers and missionaries, great- 
ly minimizes the expense. We consider the 
rendering of two programs in each church 
to be the more effectual, unless of course 
the church has had an exceptional oppor- 
tunity for missionary inspiration and en- 
lightenment. Accommodations must be 
made for churches that may desire but one 
program. If it can be so arranged five pro- 
grams may be given from Friday evening 
to Sunday evening. 

Besides giving programs, interviews are 
sought with young people who may desire 
help in making important life decisions. 
The organization of mission study classes 
is encouraged and the assistance of workers 
is offered. Cooperation is extended to mis- 
sionary committees of the different organi- 
zations of the church in fulfilling their 
duties (as in recommending assumption of 
a financial obligation to some special mis- 
sionary cause which may link the local 
church with the world field); and such oth- 
er assistance which the team may be able 
to render in the interest of missions. 

Several teams were scheduled among the 
churches during the Christmas vacation, but 
the influenza epidemic made it advisable to 
recall the appointments. However, in co- 
operation with the General Mission Board, 
schedules for two or three teams of work- 
ers are being planned for the summer. This 
will represent our special interest in the 
Forward Movement. 

Letters were mailed the first of the year 
to elders and pastors in charge of those 
churches within the radius most easy of ac- 

cess to the school, care, of course, being 
taken not to encroach upon the natural ter- 
ritory of other bands. The content of these 
letters purposed in a brief way to acquaint 
church leaders with the United Student 
Volunteer Movement in its origin and aim, 
and to identify the relation of the Bethany 
Band to the general Forward Movement of 
the church. These letters were also intend- 
ed to set forth the opportunity and advan- 
tages afforded to churches that might wish 
to avail themselves of the band's services. 

The letters met with a very ready re- 
sponse from the churches. Nearly forty 
churches are thus being reached this year, 
with a total of about sixty programs. 
Through the personal work of the teams 
and the inspiration of the programs, 
there are results, unmeasurable, to the 
glory of the kingdom. The presence of the 
Spirit in the meetings is evidenced by the 
large offerings that are lifted for missions. 

Noticeable results are the strengthening 
of the bond of common interest between 
the volunteer and his home church; also in 
the development of leadership afforded 
those who take part in the work. However, 
the primary purpose of the deputation 
team is not to obtain experience and clinical 
practice, but rather to give a message of 
missionary inspiration and enlightenment. 
Accordingly, effort is made to select the 
best talent for this most responsible work. 
The bands of our schools have within them 
the best developing talent of the church. 
Many of the members are finishing their 
preparation. They are thoroughly awake 
to the missionary needs and opportunities 
of the present crisis, and are exceptionally 
qualified to bring to the surrounding 
churches much that is really worth while 
in the way of missionary education. 

The volunteers must not be understood 
to be presumptuous in offering their serv- 
ices to the churches. They are anxious only 
to be useful in the cause which they have 
espoused, in giving back to their home 
churches that which has been made pos- 
sible for them by the church. They have 
an eager desire to give value received in 
the repaying of a debt which they feel they 
owe to their spiritual progenitor, as repre- 
sented in Christ and his church. 

Bethany, Chicago. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Our Volunteer Bands 

C. G. Shull, Traveling Secretary, 
United Student Volunteers 

THE Volunteer Bands of our colleges 
are recruiting agencies to enlist 
men and women in some definite 
form of Christian service. In the main the 
bands' activities aim directly or indirectly 
either to lead students to a definite decision 
concerning their life work, or to keep them 
loyal to the decision they have made. Re- 
alizing that there is today an unparalleled 
need for Christian workers the bands are 
putting forth a united effort to enlist men 
for service. 

The basis of response to any call is in- 
formation. Just as one would never be 
under obligation to rescue a drowning man 
unless he knew he was drowning, so one 
is not likely to feel a call to " special mis- 
sionary service " until he learns at least 
something of " the world's great spiritual 
needs." The Volunteer Bands are seeking 
to give this vision of the world field, its 
needs, opportunities and responsibilities in 
the following ways: 

First, they cooperate with the Y. M. C. 
A. and Y. W. C. A. in pushing voluntary 
mission study among the students. Many 
bands made earnest efforts to secure a 
100 per cent enrollment of the students in 
voluntary mission study classes. One band 
reports that it succeeded in getting the 100 
per cent and that the average attendance 
throughout the course was 70 per cent of 
the entire student body. This certainly is 
a commendable showing for voluntary 
study. Other bands report a large per- 
centage enrolled; in fact, there probably 
are only two or three schools in which 
there have been no voluntary classes, and 
it is hoped these will have them during 
the last semester. 

In the second place, missionary sentiment 
is developed through public programs and 
addresses. Last year one student body 
heard in their own chapel room between 
twelve and fifteen returned missionaries, 
some of whom were secured through the 
initiative of the local band. Many schools 
are so located, that they can send large del- 
egations to missionary conferences. Some 

one has said that God is in the habit of 
using missionary conferences to accomplish 
great things, and many students can testify 
from personal experience to the truth of 
this statement. During the summer our 
young people will attend several of these 

Among them may be mentioned the 
Young People's Life Work Conference 
which the General Mission Board, in co- 
operation with the Student Volunteers, is 
planning for Winona Lake from Wednes- 
day evening, June 4, to Friday evening, 
June 6. The volunteers will, I am sure, be 
instrumental in encouraging attendance. 

In the above ways the bands are bring- 
ing the students face to face with the world 
conditions and leading them to consider 
God's plan for their lives. Not every stu- 
dent should be a missionary, nor should 
every one give his life to a distinctively re- 
ligious work in the home field; but every 
student should sustain a real and vital re- 
lation to the missionary enterprise. To get 
each one to recognize this truth, and then 
to aid him in finding this relation, is the 
task of the Volunteer Band. 

The bands are also providing practical 
means by which students, while making 
their life work decision or preparing for 
their work, may perform some missionary 
service. One of these avenues is giving. 
Many of the bands use the regular weekly 
plan of systematic giving, each volunteer 
being provided with a bunch of envelopes 
for the purpose. I said each volunteer, but 
in some instances the entire student body 
is invited to join the band in contributing 
to some selected object. The bands this 
year have a special opportunity along this 
line in fostering the campaign of the various 
North American Student Movements for 
the half million dollar World Fellowship 
Fund. Before this article is printed the 
campaign for " an institution of learning in 
India," the object to which our schools will 
contribute, will no doubt have been com- 
pleted and we shall know how much " over 
the top " we have been able to go. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Still another phase of the bands' work is 
missionary intercession. J. Campbell White 
has said, " Prayer is the first and chief 
method of solving the missionary problem. 
Among all the methods that have been de- 
vised none is more practical, more fruitful 
than this. If we could get a definite group 
of people at home into the habit of sup- 
porting by prayer each missionary in the 
thick of the fight, by this simple method 
alone the efficiency of the present mission- 
ary force could probably be doubled with- 
out adding a single new missionary." These 
are striking words from a great religious 
leader. Think of our hard-pressed work- 
ers in India! Could a definite group of 
people at home, in the habit of supporting 
by prayer each missionary on the field, 
double their efficiency? If so, why should 
not the volunteers constitute this group? 
It has been suggested that each volunteer 
take some one on the field and agree to 
furnish for him this daily support in prayer. 

The volunteer who expects to be of great 
service on the field, but does nothing at 
home, is not very promising. And so the 
bands are active in Christian service while 
in preparation. Churches in the vicinity of 
the college frequently make requests for 
missionary programs, and most of the bands 
are glad to give such services when asked 
to do so. On Sunday afternon some of 
the bands send out groups of from four to 
six, perhaps, who go into the homes of 
aged or " shut-ins " and hold an informal 
religious service of singing, prayer, etc. 
While I was visiting one band they sent out 
three such groups one Sunday afternoon. 
It was my privilege to call where there was 
an aged grandmother for whom the band 
had been singing each Sunday. As a daugh- 
ter in the home told, with tears in her eyes, 
of how much they had appreciated this 
kindness, and of how her mother prayed 
each day for the Volunteer Band and the 
individuals who came each week to minister 
unto her, one realized that such service, 
though simple, is abundantly worth while. 
" It blesses him that gives and him that 
takes." This same band is conducting a 
mission Sunday-school, and through its ef- 
forts a neat, commodious little mission 
chapel has been erected. 

A few bands find still another very fruit- 

ful line of Christian service in home Bible 
classes. Last year one band of nineteen 
members taught eleven classes each week, 
most of them in country homes near the 
school. Neighbors would come into a home 
where a class was held, so that in all 108 
homes were reached. Who can measure the 
influence of this little band's efforts? 

A few general observations may be help- 
ful: Our Volunteer Bands are not as large 
as last year. This is due not simply to the 
smaller school enrollment, but also to the 
high standard of membership to which the 
bands are holding. Many have been won- 
dering why so many volunteers have failed 
to get into some definite service. We have 
come to see that in the past some have 
joined the bands without sufficient con- 
sideration of what is involved. Uniting 
with the band involves the making of a 
life-work decision, and this is not a matter 
to be hastily decided. One leader in a 
local band states that when any student 
comes to him wishing to sign a card he ad- 
vises him to read the declaration and make 
it a subject of prayer each day for a 
month, and then if he feels led to do so, 
to sign the card. And so, in spite of de- 
creased numbers, we believe the outlook 
for men in definite Christian service is 
brighter than ever. On the whole, increased 
spirituality and influence seems to char- 
acterize the volunteers, both individually 
and collectively. This is especially true of 
those bands from which several have gone 
to the field in the past few years. In gen- 
eral, however, it may be safely said that 
there never was a time in the history of 
the Student Volunteer Movement when so 
many college students were so seriously 
considering their relation to the mission- 
ary enterprise. How could it be otherwise 
in the face of such unprecedented world 
conditions? Truly, as a missionary leader 
has well said, God has given to this genera- 
tion a unique opportunity for religious 
service. May he help us to live up to the 
responsibility that is ours. 

In closing, I desire to express my deep 
appreciation to the various volunteers for 
the very cordial reception and hearty co- 
operation which you extended me in my 

Chicago, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 


That our pulpits catch fire with the liv- 
ing power of the Word. 

For a deeper spiritual life among the 
whole church membership. 

A rebuilding of family altars and new 
searching of the Word by all — and 
that parents feel the responsibility of 
teaching the children. 

That God lay upon the hearts of aggres- 
sive, spiritual young men to hear the 
call, and see the tasks of the Christian 
ministry today. 

That the church realize its mission and 
whole-heartedly make intercessory 
prayer for the world. 
May 11-17.— THE FORWARD MOVE- 
Praise for the large missions and plans for 

our Brotherhood. 
Pray that the leaders of each church be 

given vision, wisdom, and consecration 

in pushing this program. 
That each church feel its possibilities and 

responsibility in reaching the goal. 

That each officer and worker be faithful 

and enthusiastic in his place. 

" It is more blessed to give than to re- 
Pray that— 

Hearts be quickly responsive to prompt- 
ings for giving to good causes, and 
that the New Testament standard be 
more largely adopted. 

Since the Syrian and Armenian Relief 
was given in the name of Christ, it 
might be so received. 

Praise him for the generous outpouring 
for these needy peoples! 

The Conference offerings be given " as 
unto him " and be a worthy expres- 
sion of devotion from his people. 

The grace of giving be fostered in our 
young people and children by the 
various departments of church work. 


Pray that — 

Each Board have a vision of the needs of 
its district, and understand its oppor- 

Be given wisdom in making plans for the 
different localities. 

Be willing to spend time and effort in the 

Systematic effort be made to reach their 
goal of the Forward Movement. 

Concern for the evangelization of the 
word take hold of the churches. 
" America saved to save the world." 

Pray that- 
All who should get vision and inspiration 
from the Students' Conference, shall at- 

All conferences — the Temperance, Child 
Rescue, Ladies' Aid, etc., shall be large 
factors in promoting their work. 

All school reunions serve to show young 
people who have not been to school, 
the need of preparation. 

The Standing Committee be given wis- 
dom in making all decisions. 

The Committee of Arrangements have 
direction and patience. 

The Committees preparing exhibits for 
various lines of work wisely choose 
their materials. 

All the speakers be directed by the Spirit 

in preparing and delivering messages. 


Praise him for the large and systematic 

plans laid for this work! 
Pray that — 

Each worker be prepared in his inner 
life to be a message bearer. 

The Spirit prepare the way for most ef- 
fective work in various communities. 

Personal interviews be spirit-controlled. 

Consecration of lives, first, and money 
might result, and that this " fruit shall 
abide " the subsequent tests. 


The Missionary Visitor 


FinAtsciAi mmwr 

During the month of March the Board sent out 
65,040 pages of tracts. 

Corrections: The Thanksgiving offering credited 
to Mrs. Elizabeth Ulery in the March Visitor should 
have been credited to Boise Valley congregation. 

The 50c credited to L. W. Berkey under the World- 
Wide fund in the January Visitor should have been 

The $100.00 donated by a brother from Canada, and 
published in the April Visitor under the India Fam- 
ine fund should have been placed to the World-Wide 

The following contributions to the Board's funds 
were received during the month of March: 

Maryland— $976.00 

Eastern District, Individuals 

J. M. Henry, $2.00; A Sister, $1.50; L. R. 
Brumbaugh (Mar. Not.), 50c; Wm. E. Roop 
(Mar. Not.), 50c; Levi K. Ziegler (Mar. 

Not.) 50c, $ 5 00 

Middle District, Individual 

C. C. Smith (bequest), 950 00 

Western District, Individual 

J. E. Walls, 2100 

Pennsylvania— $798.68 

Eastern District, Congregations 

Mingo, $115.50; Cliques, $94; Ann- 
ville, $55.25; White Oak, $87.50; Elizabeth- 
town, $98.13; Mountville, $19.90; East Fair- 
view, $44.57; Akron, $14.25; East Petersburg, 
$26.69; Springville, $16; Conestoga, $6.77; 

Little Swatara, $3, 58156 


Chiques, 10 00 

Individual ' . . 

Clyde B. Lentz 100 

Southeastern District, Congregation 

Coventry, $79; Amwell, $6.30; Upper 

Dublin, $4.02 . 89 32 


Coventry 21 55 


Wm. E. Bowman, 5 00 

Southern District, Congregation 

Lost Creek, r ,. 38 17 


Susie Walker Resser, $1; D. H. Baker, $1; 

Jacob A. Miller (Mar. Not.), 50c 2 50 

Middle District, Congregation 

Lewistown, 10 79 


Mrs. Hannah Puderbaugh,. 5 00 

Western District, Sunday-school 

Brotherton Pike 25 79 


Alice A. Roddy, $5; Thos. Hardin & family, 
$1; N. H. Blough (Mar. Not.), $1; Mrs. Chas. 

H. Williams, $1, 8 00 

Ohio— $235.71 

Northeastern District, Individuals 

Receipt No. 42752, $25; Receipt, No. 42862, 
$5; Frank Younker, $3; Mrs. Orley Phillips, 
$2.50; Maria Zellner, $1; D. F. Stuckey, 50c, 37 00 
Northwestern District, Congregation 

Sugar Cree4c, $10.50; Pleasant View, $5, .. 15 50 

Roscoe J. and Fern Coogler, $45; Jno. 
Hane, $2.90; S. P. Berkebile (Mar. Not.). 50c, 48 40 
Southern District, Congregation 

Palestine 26 00 


Bethel, 28 01 

Aid Society 

Lower Miami, 15 00 


Mr. and Mrs. S. S. Petry, $45; Luther 
Petry, $15; Mrs. Ella Filbrum, $4.80; Van B. 
Wright (Mar. Not.), 50c; D. G. Berkebile 
(Mar. Not.), 50, 65 80 

Virginia— $629.58 

First District, Congregation 

Cloverdale, 30 50 


A. C. Riley, $500; G. A. Moomaw, $3, 503 00 

Second District, Individuals 

J. W. Wright, $4; Jacob D. Miller, $1.20, .. 5 20- 

Eastern District, Individual 

M. M. H. F., 15 00 

Northern District, Congregation 

Pleasant View 5 72 


N. I. Buck, $4; Chas. Shirley, $1.66, 5 66 

Southern District, Congregation 

Germantown, 14 50 


Chas. E. Weimer, , 50 00 

California— $89.73 

Northern District. Congregation 

Empire 54 40 


H. S. Sheller, $5; S. G. Hollinger, $1 6 00 

Southern District, Congregation 

Pomona, 12 83 


Mael I. Arbegast, $15; D. Earl Brubaker, 

$1; Geo. W. Bashor (Mar. Not.), 50c, 16 50 

Indiana— $65.54 

Northern District, Individual 

Gladys Strycker, 5 00 

Middle District, Sunday-schools 

Loon Creek, $20.25; Burnetts Creek, $13.49, 33 47 

Income Lydia Rairigh Estate, $10.80; Pvt. 

N. A. Eiler, $10; A Brother, $5, 25 80 

Southern District, Individual 

Clessie Miller 100 

Colorado — $57.64 

Bible Students Class— Wiley, ., 9 38 


Grandma Weidman (deceased), $29.75; Hat- 
tie L. Weaver, $10; Mary E. Haney, $8; S. G. 

Nickey (Mar. Not.), 51c, 48 26 

New York— $56.00 

A Brooklyn Sister, $55; John G. Cams, $1, 56 00 
Washington— $52.00 

Roy Williams, $37.10; A. N. Huffman, 

$12.50; W. H. Kensinger, $2.40, 52 00 

New Mexico— $49.93 

Samuel Weimer, $2; A New Mexico Sister, 

$44.80; Otis Weimer, $3.13, 49 93 

Montana— $50.00 

Grandview, 15 00 


Clara Boone, 35 00 

Iowa— $37.83 

Northern District, Individuals 

Mrs. D. R. Baldwin, $4; C. Frederick Es- 
tate, 67c 4 67 

Southern District Sunday-school 

Liberty ville, 18 76 


Pvt. Eugene L. Moss, $12; Nora Bolton, 

$2.40, 14 40 

West Virginia— $30.25 
Second District, Individual 

J. F. Ross, 30 25 

Kansas— $35.80 

Northeastern District, Congregation 

Ottawa 28 00 

Southwestern District, Individuals 

A. L. Snoeberger, $6.50; Mrs. Naomi Hupp, 
$1.30, 7 80 


The Missionary Visitor 


Nebraska— $25.00 


D. E. Price 25 00 

North Dakota— $23.00 

Zion 20 50 


Mrs. J. W. Plock. $2; O. A. Myer (Mar. 

Not.), 50c ..... 2 50 

Illinois— $20.00 

Southern District, Individuals 

A. L. Turney and wife 20 00 

Missouri — $15.00 

Middle District, Individual 

Elda Gauss, 5 00 

Southern District, Individuals 

Two Sisters, 10 00 

Michigan— $12.00 

Mt. Pleasant, 2 00 


Mrs. John Easterday 10 00 

South Dakota— $10.00 

Individuals , 

J. W. Kirkendall and wife, 10 00 

Wisconsin— $5.00 

Mollie Barton, $4.50; Lizzie McAdams, 50c, 5 00 

South Carolina— $16.00 

Brooklyn, 16 00 

Minnesota— $5.50 

Chris Wirt, $5; D. F. Landis (Mar. Not.), 

50c 5 50 

Oklahoma— $5.00 

J. H. Morris, 5 00 

North Carolina— $2.50 

Mattie Smawley 2 50 

Oregon— $2.00 

A. E. Troyer and wife, 2 00 

New Jersey — $2.00 

A Sister 2 00 

Arkansas — $2.00 

A. J. Burris, 2 00 

Alabama— $1.50 

W. B. Woodward 150 

Total for the month, $3,311 19 

Pennsylvania— $32.27 

Southern District, Congregation and Sun- 

Codorus, $ 31 27 

Eastern District 

Twila A. Hofecker, 100 

California— $13.06 

Southern District, Congregation 

Santa Fe Mission, 13 06 

Ohio— $15.00 

Northeastern District, Individuals 

Receipt No. 42752, $10; Mr. and Mrs. N. 

A. Shrock, $5 15 00 

Illinois— $8.00 

Southern District, Individuals 

Two Sisters, 8 00 

Total for the month, $ 68 33 

Pennsylvania— $323.69 

Eastern District, Aid Society 

White Oak 20 00 


Ridgely Missionary Committee, 25 00 

Southeastern District, Sunday-schools 

Junior Class, Lebanon, %7.37; First, Phila- 

delphia, $2.50 9 87 

Southern District, Aid Society 

Hanover, $24; Carlisle, $16, 40 00 

Western District, Congregation 

Connellsville Mission, 55 82 


B. P. J. and I. Classes, $62; Berkey, $25; 

Meyersdale, $25, 112 00 


A Sister — Walnut Grove Congregation, $30; 
Miss Bessie Rohrer, $20; Amanda Roddy, 

$10; Wilbur J. Hofecker, $1, 61 00 

Nebraska— $50.00 

A Sister — Kearney 50 00 

Ohio— $47.26 

Northeastern District, S.-S. & C. W. 

Hartville, 15 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Class No. 9 Brookville, 2 26 

Aid Society 

Beech Grove. 25 00 


Kate Riley, 5 00 

Idaho— $40.00 

John H. Wolf 40 00 

Maryland— $30.00 

Eastern District, Sunday-schools 

Woodberry, $25; P. and I. Depts., Blue 

Ridge, $5, 30 00 

Iowa— $25.00 

Northern District, Individual 

Mary S. Newson, 20 00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

South Keokuk, 5 00 

Virginia— $25.00 

Second District, Aid Society 

Summit, 25 00 

Indiana— $15.25 

Northern District, Sunday-school 

Excelsior Class Nappanee, 8 00 

Christian Workers 

Turkey Creek. 6 25 

Southern District, Individual 

Mrs. Ollie Lester Cross 100 

Kansas— $12.48 

Northwestern District, Sunday-school 

Light Bearers and Jr. Classes— Maple 

Grove, 2 62 

Southeastern District, Sunday-school 

Loyal Workers Class— Parsons, 6 25 

Southwestern District. Sunday-school 

Conway Springs, 3 61 

Missouri — $6.25 
Southern District 

Young People's Class— Greenwood Sun- 
day-school, 6 25 

California— $12.50 

Northern District, Individuals 

Paul J. Wilkinson. $6.25; Ruth E. Wil- 
kinson, $6.25, 12 50 

Illinois— $5.00 

Southern District, Individual 

Mrs. Howard Filer, 5 00 

Minnesota— $3.35 
Christian Workers 

Lewiston 335 

Colorado — $3.00 

J. E. Sesser, 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 598 78 

Pennsylvania — $10.00 
Middle District, Sunday-school 

Dorcas Class — Leamersville, 10 00 

Total for the month $ 10 00 

Ohio— $5.00 

Northeastern District, Individuals 
Mr. and Mrs. N. A- Shrock, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Pennsylvania— $55.00 

Eastern District, Aid Society 

White Oak, $10; Conestoga, $5, 15 00 

Southeastern District, Aid Society 

Germantown, $25; Geiger Memorial, $10, .. 35 00 
Southern District, Aid Society 

Hanover, 5 00 

California— $2.50 

Northern District, Aid Society 
Golden Gate, 2 50 

Colorado— $35.00 

Aid Society 

Rocky Ford, 35 00 

Missouri — $15.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

Wakenda 15 00 

Virginia— $40.00 

Second District, Aid Society 

Pleasant Valley 30 00 


Eva M. Craun, 10 00 

Idaho— $7.36 

Aid Society 
Payette Valley, 7 36 

Total for the month, $ 154 86 

Virginia— $666.03 

First District, Congregation 

Peters Creek, $ 300 00 

Aid Society 

Peters Creek, 15 00 

Second District, Congregation 

Valley Bethel, 15 51 


Glade, .' 19 11 


W. J. Glick and wife, $5; W. A. Craun and 

family, $5, 10 00 

Northern District, Congregation 

Mill Creek 263 61 

Aid Society 

Unity 10 00 


R. A. Heddings, $5; I. N. Zigler and wife, 
$5; I. C. Crist and wife, $5; Henry and Bettie 

R. Thomas, $5, 20 00 

Eastern District, Individuals 

Jos. F. Wine and wife, 12 80 

Maryland— $474.86 

Eastern District, Congregation 

Pipe Creek 210 00 


Garber Bible Class, Washington, D. C, 
$131; Y. P. Bible Class, Washington, D. C, 
$40; Members Washington, D. C, $20.16; 
Men's Bible Class, Washington, D. C, 
$18; Woman's Bible Class, Washington, 
D. C, $17.55; Willing Workers' Class, Wash- 
ington, D. C. $8.15; Sunshine Class, Wash- 
ington, D. C, $5, 239 86 

Middle District, Aid Society 

Pleasant View, 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $373.80 

Southeastern District, Congregation 

Norristown, 4 00 


Jno. H. Hartman, 100 

Eastern District, Congregations 

Hatfield, $75.45; Elizabethtown, $64.57, .. 140 02 

Fairview 15 57 

Christian Workers 

Fairview, 15 56 

Southern District, Congregations 

Perry, $23; Farmers Grove, $14; Codorus, 

$5, 42 00 


Victors' Class— Carlisle, 15 00 


Mrs. D. E. Brown, $2; Mrs. S. B. Roop, $5; 
D. E. Brown and wife, $5.15; Mrs. F. P. Mc- 

Cleary, 50 cents, 12 65 

Western District, Congregations 

Manor— Penn Run House, $28; Manor— 

Diamondville House. $17.50 


Conemaugh, $40; Willing Workers' Class 
Diamondville, $12.50; Woman's Bible Class- 
Summit, $20, 


Mrs. J. E. Murphy, 

Kansas — $159.85 

Northeastern District, Congregation 



Winner's Class Chapman Creek, 


Mary E. Towsler, 

Southeastern District, Congregation 

New Hope, 

Southwestern District, Congregation 

E. Wichita, 


Esther Kintner, $5; Elizabeth Harnley, $5, 
Iowa— $120.98 
Northern District, Sunday-school 

Green, $13.32; Junior Dept., Ivester, $3, .. 

Mrs. D. R. Baldwin, $4.50; Mrs. H. E. 

Walton, $4, 

Middle District, Congregation 


Southern District, Congregation 



Three Sisters 

Ohio— $110.25 

Northeastern District, Sunday-school 

Willing Workers — Akron. 

Aid Society 



Mrs. Jno. S. Furry, 

Northwestern District, Individuals 

J. E. Young, $20; A Sister, $4.25; Mary and 

Sarah Strom, $2; S. N. Wright, $1, 

Southern District, Congregation 

Middle District Church, 


Mary and Barbara West, 

California— $56.00 

Northern District Individuals 

A. Bush, $20; Mr. and Mrs. Wm. C. Hal- 

sey, $6, 

Southern District. Sunday-school 

L. B. A. Class — Pasadena, 

Aid Society 



Mabel I. Arbegast, $10; Blank— Pomona, $3, 
West Virginia— $40.76 
First District, Congregation 

Beaver Run, 

Second District, Individuals 

J. M. Wells and family 

Nebraska— $48.85 

South Loup, 

Aid Society 


Indiana— $37.33 

Northern District, Congregation 

Solomon's Creek 

Middle District, Individuals 

Ollie, Frank, LaVerne, Marion and Leila 
Benjamin, $2.25; A Brother and Sister, $10, .. 
Southern District, Sunday-school 



Mrs. Elizabeth Miller 

Illinois— $40.50 

Northern District, Individuals 

Ira Butterbaugh and wife, $25; C. J. Sell, 


Southern District, Sunday-school 



G. W. Sensenbaugh 

Texas— $100.00 

Samuel and Jane Badger, 


The Missionary Visitor 


North Dakota— $25.00 


A Sister, 

Washington— $18.50 


A. N. Huffman, $12.50; Mrs. J. J. Barley, 

$5; Tellie Sutphin, $1, 

Tennessee— $18.00 

New Hope, 

Oregon— $12.00 


New Mexico— $10.35 


Christian Workers 


Arkansas— $6.00 

A. J. Burris, $5; M. A. Witcher, $1 

Kentucky— $5.00 

M. E. Ralston 

Colorado— $5.00 


Hattie L. Weaver, 

Missouri— $4.00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Young People's Class — Greenwood, 

Oregon— $2.50 


North Dakota— $2.00 

A. P. Sommers, 

Michigan— $1.00 

A Sister — Buchanan 

25 00 

18 50 
18 00 
12 80 

4 41 

5 94 

6 00 
5 00 
5 00 
4 00 
2 50 
2 00 
1 00 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

Western District, Individual 
Amanda Roddy, 

10 00 

Total for the month $ 2,339 36 

California— $37.00 
Southern District, Congregation 

Pasadena, 37 00 

Kansas— $21.06 

Northwestern District, Individuals 

A. C. Albin and wife, $5; Receipt No. 42893, 

$1.06 6 06 

Southwestern District Congregation 

East Side— Wichita. 15 00 

Ohio— $15.00 

Northeastern District, Individuals 

Receipt No. 42752, $10; Mr. and Mrs. N. A. 

Shrock, $5 15 00 

Illinois— $8.95 

Southern District, Individuals 

Two Sisters 8 95 

Oklahoma— $1.00 

Mrs. Ella Garst 

Total for the month, $ 

Indiana— $25.00 

Northern District, Aid Society 

Salem, $ 

Illinois— $10.00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Golden Gleaners' Class— Allison Prairie, .. 

Mrs. Howard Filer, 

Ohio— $5.00 

Southern District, Individual 

Kate Riley. 

Kansas— $3.12 

Southwestern District, Congregation 

East Salem, 

1 00 
83 01 

25 00 

5 00 
5 00 

5 00 

3 12 

Total for the month $ 

Nebraska— $1.55 

Christian Workers 
South Beatrice, Jr. C. W 

43 12 

Total for the month, $ 

California— $30.00 
Southern District, Individual 

F. L. Hepner, 

Indiana— $5.87 

Southern District, Sunday-school 

Earnest Workers' Class — Anderson, 

Total for the month, $ 

Ohio— $5.00 

Northeastern District, Individuals 
Mr. and Mrs. N. A. Shrock, 

Total for the month $ 

Pennsylvania —$10.00 
Eastern District, Aid Society 
White Oak, 

Total for the month, 

11 55 

30 00 

5 87 
35 87 

Total for the month $ 


California— $114.81 

Northern District, Congregation 

Empire, 69 70 

Southern District Congregations 

Pomona, $30; Long Beach, $15.11, 45 11 

Total for the month, $ 114 81 

Virginia— $95.00 
Northern District, Congregation 

Greenmount, 25 00 

Aid Society 

Unity, 45 00 


A Friend, 25 00 

Kansas— $24.50 

Southwestern District, Congregation 

Monitor, 24 50 

Total for the month $ 119 50 

California— $10.00 

Southern District, Sunday-school 
Loyal Class— Covina, 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Ohio— $5.00 
Northeastern District, Individuals 

Mr. and Mrs. N. A. Shrock 

5 00 
5 00 

5 00 
5 00 

10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Oklahoma— $1.00 

Mrs. Ella Garst, 100 

1 00 



MARCH, 191* 


Pasadena Cong., $95; D. D. Fouts, $3; Los 
Angeles Mission, $36.50; Mr. and Mrs. Wm. 
C. Halsey, $6; John M. Wine, $2.50; Mrs. D. 
S. Newcomer, $5; Young Married People's 
Class, Covina, Calif., $30; Geo. E. Wray 
and wife, $5; Covina Brethren S. S., $40.76, ..$ 223 76 

Irricana and Country House, Alberta, $50; 
W. F. Hollenberger, $50.11, 100 11 


The Missionary Visitor 



Hattie L. Weaver, . 5 00 


Sister Cottrell, 50 00 


Twin Falls Cong., $9.11; Payette Valley 
Church, $132; Twin Falls Church, $43.78, .... 184 89 

Mrs. R. A. Forney, $5; Shannon S. S., 
$55.18; Mrs. Fannie Gibbel, $5; W. H. Cor- 
dell $50; Barbara and D. E. Eshelman, $14; 

Woodland Aid Society, $50, 179 18 


White Branch Aid Society, $20; Mrs. Jas. 
Beeman, $1; Mr. and Mrs. Ike Lewis, $5; 
Roann S. S., $60; Mexico Cong., $10; Young 
People's Class, Maple Grove S. S., $5; West 
Eel River Cong., $5; Walton Mission, $12.50; 
Rock Run Church, $45; No. Manchester 
Church, $155; Little Sunbeam Primary Class", 
Anderson S. S., $3; S. S. Class No. 2, English 
Prairie Cong., $5; A Sister, $10; Truth Seek- 
er's Class, Lower Deer Creek S. S., $5; Brick 

S. S., $1.35, 34285 


Volunteer Class, Waterloo S. S., $10; Ives- 
ter S. S., $730.96; A. E. Bone steel $4.20; 
J. A. Troyer $1; Des Moines Valley Church, 
$11.78; Plus Ultra Class, Waterloo, $10; South 

Waterloo S. S., $220.00 $987.94 


Olathe S. S., $8.00; Central Ave. S. S., Kan- 
sas City, $23.35; Mrs. G. L. Blondefield, $4; 
Washington S. S. and Cong., $12.20; Scott 
Valley Aid Society, $5.50; Winners' S. S. 
Class, Chapman Crk Ch., $5; Junior Band, 
W. Wichita Church, $2.50; O. C. Albin and 
wife $10; Holland S. S., $11.73; Kate Yost, 

$2, ' $ 84 28 


Union Bridge, $53; Blue Ridge College, $82; 
Pipe Creek Cong., $277; Pine Grove S. S„ 
Oakland Cong., $9; John D. Roop, Jr., $10; 
Sister Mary Rairighs, $2.50; German Settle- 
ment Cong., $86; P. H. Broadwater, $6; Mon- 
ocacy Church, $58.44; Frederick S. S., $10, .$ 543 94 

Thornapple S. S., $11.45; S. White, $5; Mr. 

and Mrs. Harry Carmer, $5, 21 45 


C. W. Society, Worthington Church, $5; 

Lewiston Church, $16.10 21 10 


Elda Gauss, $5; A Sister, Sweet Springs, 
$3; Emma Schildknecht, $2.50; A Sister, $5, . 15 50 

Lincoln Church, $5; Mrs. Mary N. Davis, 

$3, 8 00 

North Carolina 

Mrs. W. F. Frisbee, $3; Pleasant Grove 
Church, $32, 35 00 

North Dakota 

A Sister, $25; Zion S. S., $2.50; Brumbaugh 

Church, $20, 47.50 


Cleveland Cong., $4.55; Helpers' Class, No. 
5, Wooster Church $10; Canton Center S. S., 
$26.70; Mrs. T. M. Arnold, 50 cents; Mrs. 
Jno. S. Furry, $5; Rome Cong., $10; Elmer 
E. Frick, $7.25; J. B. Dishong, $60; Mary 
H. Leatherman, $5; W. P. Wirtz, $5; S. H. 
Smith, $5; Mr. and Mrs. N. A. Schrock, 
$75; Claude G. and Pearl Vore, $25; Roscoe 
J. and Fern Koogler, $45; Jordan S. S., $5; 
S. Cocanower and wife, $20; Bear Creek S. S., 
$24; W. R. Wray, $11.25; Edna Kneisly, 
$20; Poplar Grove Church, $1; Mrs. Martha 

E. Herrington, $5, 370 25 


Ladies' Aid Society, Cordell, 21 00 


Back Creek Cong., $21.08; Mrs. Barbara 
Roth, $10; Geiger Memorial S. S., Phila- 
delphia, $50; Lower Claar S. S., $13; Ger- 
mantown Mother's Meeting, $5; A Brother 

at the Brethren Home. Neffsville, $2.50; 
Joseph Berkebile, $10; Conewago Church, 
$5; West Green Tree Church, $10; Mrs. Mat- 
tie F. Hollinger, $2.50; Junior Truth Seekers' 
S. S. Class, Altoona, $5; Middle Creek S. S., 
$25; Springville Church, $8; Ridgely Church, 
$131.62; D. G. Hendricks, $25; J. E. Young, 
$15; Huntingdon S. S., $177.77; Germantown 
S. S., $50; Mrs. Hannah Puderbaugh, $5; 
Brotherton Seal Course Class, Pike S. S., 
$5; Berkey House, Shade Creek Cong., $30; 
Ridge House, Shade Creek Cong., $3; Aman- 
da Cassel, $5; Arthur Myers, $5; Philadel- 
phia First Church, $20; Philadelphia First 
Church S. S., $9.15; Dunnings Creek Cong., 

$10, 658 62 

South Carolina 

Mattie Smawley, 2 50 


C. D. Leighton, 5 00 


D. S. Bowman $10; Mrs. A. Rupp, $25; 

Sam'l and Jane Badger, $100, 135 00 


Mrs. Julia A. Wood Kauffman, $2.50; Mt. 
Hermon S. S., $18.50; Nelie Wampler, $10; S. 
K. Andes, Midland Cong., $5; A. M. Scaggs, 
$25; Class No. 1, Elementary Dept., Summit 
S. S., $20.30; Mary S. and Jas. W. Moyer, 
$2; Mrs. M. A. Burner, $2; Beahms Chapel, 
$29.08; Brick Church S. S., Germantown 

Cong., $5; S. H. Hausenfluck, $2.50, 121 88 


Forest Center S. S., Valley, $5; A Sister, 

$3. -. 8 00 


Brother and Sister Emerson Sharpe, 5 00 

West Virginia 

Mrs. Bertha F. Thurmond, $2; Beaver Run 
S. S., $6; Pleasant View S. S., $80.54, 88 54 

Total for March, $ 4,216 79 


Woodland Aid Society. 25 00 


West Goshen Aid Society, 10 00 


Winners' S. S. Class, Chapman Creek 

Church, 5 00 

West Virginia 

S. M. Ammon, 100 

Total for March, ... 41 00 


Ladies' Aid Sosiety, Elgin, $27; Barbara 
and Mary Culley, Elgin, $3, 30 00 


Aid Society, Markle Church, $36.50; Golden 
Gleaners' Class, Allison Prairie S. S., $3. ..- 39 50 


A Sister, $2; Roy Crowe, $5, 7 00 


Primary Class, Prairie View S. S. 2 60 


A Brother and Sister, 3 00 

Total for March, 82 10 


Long Beach Aid Society, 19 25 


Oakley S. S., $19.25; Wm. Lampin, $10; Ira 

Butterbaugh and wife, $75, 186 35 


Mrs. Margaret B. Garrett 25 00 


Nellie Derrick, 5 00 


Woodberry S. S., Baltimore, 55 00 

(Continued on Page 150) 


****** * * * ' I ' * * '!■ * * * * * ' I ' * ' I ' * 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, 111., Life Advis- CHARLES D. BONSACK, New Windsor, 

ory Member. Md. 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kansas. A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


H. C. EARLY, President. J. H. B. Williams, Secretary-Treasurer. 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois. 



Friisgatan No. 1, Malmb, Sweden 

Buckingham, Ida 
On Furlough 

Graybill, J. F., Palmyra, Pa. 

Graybill, Alice M., Palmyra, Pa. 
Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Flory, Byron M. 

Flory, Nora 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Horning, Emma 

Metzger, Minerva 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Schaeffer, Mary 

Vaniman, Ernest D. 

Vaniman, Susie C. 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 

Cripe, Winnie E. 

Flory, Raymond C. 

Flory, Lizzie N. 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 

Pollock, Myrtle 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Shock, Laura J. 
North China Language School, Peking, China 

Clapper, V. Grace 

Flory, Edna R. 

Seese, Anna 

Seese, Norman R. 

Wampler, Vida M. 

Wampler, Ernest M. 

On Furlough 

Bright, J. Homer, R. D. 1, Union, Ohio 
Bright, Minnie F., R. D. 1, Union, Ohio 
Hutchison, Anna, 3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., Edom, Va. 
Wampler, Rebecca C., Edom, Va. 
Blough, Anna V., Waterloo, la. 
Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 
Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 

Ebey, Adam 
Ebey, Alice K. 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Hoffert, A. T. 
Mow, Anetta 
Stover, W. B. 
Stover, Mary E. 
Widdowson, Olive 
Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, Dr. Laura M. 
Eby, E. H. 
Eby, Emma H. 
Mohler, Jennie 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Ross, A. W. 
Ross, Flora N. 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L. 
Alley, Hattie Z. 
Ebbert, Ella 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Pittenger, J. M. 
Pittenger, Florence B. 
Royer, B. Mary 
Swartz, Goldie 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Shumaker, Ida C. 

Grisso, Lillian 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P. 

Garner, Kathryn B. 

Kaylor, John I. 

Powell, Josephine 
Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Arnold, S. Ira 

Arnold, Elizabeth 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 
Vyara, via Surat, India 

Long, I. S. 

Long, Effie V. 
On Furlough 

Eby, Anna M., Trotwood, Ohio 

Lichty, D. J., Mt. Morris, 111. 

Miller, Sadie J., 3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Emmert, Jesse B., Elgin, 111., care General 
Mission Board 

Emmert, Gertrude R., Elgin, 111., care 
General Mission Board 

Please Notice — 

Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction thereof and 3c 
for each additional ounce or fraction. 

»**4***** ^H '* **^ ^ ^ ^ 




Turning Faithful Old Labor- 
ers Out Upon the Commons 

Forced to earn their own livelihood, many of our most 
talented ministers in days gone by have entered commer- 
cial pursuits. 

The Church received but little of their time. They 
amassed a competence. They are comfortable. 

Others, forced to earn their own living, lived scantily, 
economically and gave every moment of their time to the 

The Church received the lion's share of their time. 
They amassed nothing. They depended upon faith and 
the Church. 

What Are We Doing About It? 

We are Calling for Young Men for FULL Time Minis- 
terial Work. 

We ask them to forsake the plow, the forge, the school 

We tell them the Lord will provide. The Lord cannot 
unless he can do it through us. That is his way. 


They ask a pertinent question: "How shall we be sup- 
ported in Old Age?" They deserve an answer. 

What Shall It Be ? 

Those who minister to our spiritual needs with their 
whole time should haye their old age safeguarded by 
those to whom they minister. 

Let Us Build Up An Endowment for the Superannuated 
Minister. This helps to afford them a guaranty. This 
gives body to our "Lord provide" promises. 

The General Mission Board will, pay the same rates of 
annuity for endowment funds for Superannuated Minis- 
ters as it pays for World-Wide Mission Funds. 
Let Us Prepare for the Old Age of Our Whole Time 

General Mission Board, Elgin, III. 








Annual Report for 1918 

Hiel Hamilton Memorial Hospital Opened Thanksgiving Day, 1918 

vol. xxi JUNE, 1919 

NO. 6 


The Missionary Visitor 




tThe subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
dollar or more is given by one individual and in ho way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra sub- 

*$* scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 

J^ terested in reading the Visitor. 

♦> Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 

♦> every dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of one dollar or more, no 

* matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 

X Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 

J^ be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

♦I* Foreign postage, IS cents additional to alb foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 

♦> scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 

*f asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 

X if possible under same name as in the previous year. 

♦> Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


■& Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

* Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
♦|+ October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

X ■ 

= ; 


| Contents for June, 1919 


X Our Missionary Force, 3 

J£ Concerning Our Missionaries, 4 

4* Our Finances, - 5 

4> Supports of Missionaries, 6 

$ Retirement of Secretary-Treasurer, 8 

* Missionary Education, 9 

4 District Secretaries, 9 

I£ United Student Volunteers, 10 

*£ The Forward Movement, 11 


4* Reports from Our Fields: 

£ Denmark, 12 

* Sweden, 12 

♦♦♦ China IS 

♦:•» Ping Ting Hsien (16), Liao Chou (31). 

% Indi a, 37 

*£ One Year a-Yisiting with Missionaries. 

£ Financial— the Various Funds, 84 

£ Gish Publishing Fund, , 108 

;| ESSAY.— 

X China Notes for March, By Y. Grace Clapper 112 

fr fr fr fr % ^ ^H^^H^^^^H^K^^^K^^^^:* *~!~K~H^:~>**-^^^^^ * >fr % * >$"H"$"H"fr 




General Mission Board 


Church of the Brethren 

For the Year Ending 
February 28, 1919 

Published by the General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 

For distribution free to all who are interested 

General Mission Board 

of the 

Church of the Brethren 

D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, Illinois 

Life Advisory Member 

Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana 

Term expires 1923 

Chas. D. Bonsack, New Windsor, Maryland 

Term expires 1922 

J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kansas 

Term expires 1921 

H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia 

Term expires 1920 

A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa 

Term expires 1919 


President, H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia 

Vice-President, Otho Winger 

North Manchester, Indiana 

Sec.-Trehs.., J. H. B. Williams, Elgin, Illinois 

Office of the Board, Elgin, 111. Time of Annual 
Meeting, third Wednesday in August. Other regular 
meetings, third Wednesday of April and December. 

To insure prompt attention, all correspondence rela- 
tive to mission work, or any activities of the Board, 
that is intended for the Board, should be addressed to 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111., and to no individual. 

Annual 'Report 
Our Missionary Force 

Below may be found a list of the missionaries who are at present serving under 
direction of the General Mission Board, with present addresses, and date of entering 

SWEDEN Ebey, Alice K., 1900 

Friisgatan No. 2, Malmo, Sweden 

Buckingam, Ida 1913 

On Furlough. 

Ebey, Alice K., 

Anklesvar, Broach District, India 
Grisso, Lillian, 

Palmyra, Pa. 

Graybill, J. F 

Graybill, Alice M., 



Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel 1918 

Bowman, Pearl S 1918 

Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 

Crumpacker, Anna N., 1908 

Flory, Edna R 1917 

Horning, Emma, 1908 

Metzger, Minerva, 1910 

Rider, Bessie M., 1916 

Seese, Anna, 1917 

Seese, Norman R 1917 

Vaniman, Ernest D., 1913 

Yaniman, Susie C., 1913 

Wampler, Ernest M., 1918 

Wampler, Vida, > 1918 

Liao Chou. Shansi, China 

Cripe, Winnie E 1911 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., 1913 

Brubaker, Cora M., 1913 

Flory, Raymond C. 1914 

Flory, Lizzie N 1914 

Hoffert, Andrew T., 

Stover, W. B., 

Stover, Mary E '.... 

Widdowson, S. Olive, 

Ziegler, Kathryn, 

Bulsar, Surat District, India 

Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 1913 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 

Eby, E. H., 1904 

Eby. Emma 1904 

Mohler, Jennie 1917 

Miller, Eliza B., 1900 

Ross, A. W., 1904 

Ross, Flora, 1904 

Dahanu, Thana District, India 

Alley, Howard L 1917 

Alley. Hattie Z 1917 

Ebbert, Ella, 1917 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 1915 

Pittenger, J. M 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B 1904 

Royer, B. Mary, 1913 

Swartz, Goldie, 1916 

Jalalpor, Surat District, India 

Mow, Anetta C 1917 

Shumaker, Ida C 1910 

Oberholtzer, I E., 1916 Vada, Thana District, India 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W., 1916 

Pollock, Myrtle 1917 

Senger, Nettie M 1916 

Shock, Laura T., ..: 1916 


Shou Yant, Shansi, China 

Clapper, V. Grace, 1917 

Flory, Byron M., 1917 

Flory, Nora, 1917 

Heisey, Walter J 1917 

Heisey, Sue R 1917 

Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 

On Furlough 

Union, Ohio 

Bright, J. Homer, 1911 

Bright, Minnie 1911 

Waterloo, Iowa 

Blough, Anna V 1913 

Cordova, Md. 

Hutchison, Anna M., 1913 

Edom, Ya. 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., 1913 

Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via Bilimora, India 
Ebey, Adam, 1900 

H. P 1916 

Kathryn B., 1916 

Josephine, 1906 

Post: Umalla, via Anklesvar, India 

Arnold, S. Ira, 1913 

Arnold, Elizabeth 1913 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 1908 

Vyara, via Surat, India 

Long, I. S., 1903 

Long, Effie V., 1903 

On Furlough 

Care General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

Blough, J. M., 1903 

Blough, Anna Z., 1903 

Trotwood, Ohio 

Eby. Anna M. ....1912 

Care General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

Emmert, Jesse B., 1902 

Emmert, Gertrude R., 1902 

De Graff, Ohio 

Kaylor, John I., 1911 

La Place, 111. 

Lichty, D. J 1902 

3435 W. Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Miller, Sadie J., 1903 

4 Annual Report 

Our Thirty-Fourth Annual Report 


At the conclusion of this, our thirty-fourth year of missionary effort as a General 
Mission Board, we take great pleasure in presenting something of a summary of the 
work which has been done, the victories which have been won and the trials that have 
been encountered. Our greatest ambition is to report progress, and this we believe 
can be found in the pages herewith presented. 

We pause to thank God for his abundant mercy and grace; for the inspiration which 
he has given; for the promptings in service and sacrifice that he has awakened; for 
the spirit of cooperation and unity of endeavor that he has brought into the councils 
of the church; and for the doors which have been opened on foreign fields. 

To him we ascribe all glory and credit for the progress made. 


Did we say the war is over? Yes; the greatest conflagration of war and hatred 
that the world has ever seen has been brought to a close. Millions have given their 
lives, but autocracy has fallen. Possibly the historian of future years will look back 
and recount,. through numberless proofs, that the war was not fought in vain. That 
present indications point to progress, there can be no doubt. The forces of Chris- 
tendom never talked so much in the spirit of the prayer of the Man of Galilee, " that 
they all may be one," as at this time. 

Not church union, but interdenominational cooperation, is the spirit of the hour, 
and the sooner the Christian peoples of the earth, through cooperation, present a 
solid front to the devil and his hosts, the sooner will the world be brought to the 
Master's feet. 

But while we have contributed our funds for Liberty bonds, and freed the world 
from autocracy, we must not cease our vigilance. The greatest autocrat that has ever 
influenced this world, the prince of the forces of evil, is still at large, and the shackles 
of sin weigh heavily upon mankind. Our money, our service, our lives must be given 
to break these bonds and enable the world to be free indeed. To this end we shall 
continue with you to wage this spiritual war. 


The missionaries appointed for China at the Hershey Conference have reached 
their adopted land, only in the persons of Brethren Samuel Bowman and E. M. Wamp- 
ler and their families. Sister Lulu Ullom remained at home for another year of study. 
None of the missionaries appointed for India were privileged to sail, as landing per- 
mits for them to enter India have not yet come, even at this late date. It is hoped 
that the cessation of warfare may enable missionary endeavor to return to its normal 

Returning from furlough to China were Sisters Minerva Metzger and Winnie 
Cripe. To India there went Bro. Adam Ebey and family, Bro. E. H. Eby and family 
and Sister Ida Shumaker. Bro. E. H. Eby's had been at home for a number of years, 
but have returned to occupy very responsible positions in the Mission. Brother Eby 
will have charge of the Bible School at Bulsar, while Sister Eby, after spending a 
number of years in special preparation, becomes the superintendent of missionary 
children's education. Even at this time she is safely tucked away with her many 
precious charges, among the cool refreshing breezes of the Himalaya Mountains, far 
from the torrid heat of the plains, at a splendid English school. 

With few exceptions our missionaries have enjoyed reasonable health, though the 
workers in India have been especially hard pressed, and what illness they had doubt- 
less came through heavy burdens. 

Annual Report 5 

We regret the necessity of recording the death of Sister Nora, wife of Bro. D. 
J. Lichty, who passed to her Lord in December. Sister Nora, in the sixteen years 
of her connection with the India work, had always been most faithful to duty, re- 
maining at her post even when it seemed that every health condition was against 
her, finally to succumb to influenza in the homeland. Master Ronald Bowman, aged 
18 months, son of Brother and Sister Samuel Bowman, died Feb. 20, 1919. The little 
darling had been doing quite well in China — even better than in the United States. 
He sleeps in the British legation cemetery, outside the city walls of Peking. " Blessed 
are the dead who die in the Lord." 


Thanks to the liberality of our dear brethren and sisters, our financial situation has 
been most excellent throughout the year. The large Conference offering at Hershey 
sent a thrill of optimism throughout the church, and enabled all to see the possibilities 
of the church in giving, and to feel the resultant blessings. Last year closed with a 
balance of $4,683.66 in the world-wide mission fund, while this year shows a balance 
in the same fund of $36,772.21. Some idea of the rapid growth in giving may be had 
when we say that the balance on hand at the close of the year's work, after greater 
expenditures than in any previous year, is larger by more than $4,000 than the com- 
bined mission receipts from all sources in 1899, just twenty years ago. And in ex- 
planation of these expenditures it should be said that more than $23,000 was spent to 
cover deficits due to poor exchange. 

Some of this large balance must be credited to the manner by which we are now 
making remittances to India. Due to long delays and the uncertainties caused by the 
war, the system was adopted by which our India missionaries draw sight drafts upon 
the Board. This enables them to get their money when they want it, but some of the 
money for the first half of 1919 had not been paid by us when the year closed. 

The following financial table, presented from year to year, will help the reader 
to understand something of our receipts and expenditures. 

A Brief Statement of New Funds Available for Mission Work, and 
Comparison with Last Year 


1917-1918 1918-1919 Increase 
Donations to Board funds reported in Visitor, etc., $ 91,075.28 $133,574.21 $42,498.93 

Special relief funds, 26,420.75 4,478.99 21,941.76* 

Special supports, transmissions, native workers, 

schools, hospitals, 30,701.95 57,261.74 26,559.79 

Income endowment, earnings bank account, Pub- 
lishing House, missionary education, etc., 68,702.98 82,102.97 13,399.99 

Total receipts for work, $216,900.96 $277,417.91 $60,416.95 

Endowment received, all funds 75,298.00 85,895.75 10,597.75 


World-wide, annuities, publications, District work, 

general expense, etc., $ 62,630.12 $ 69,532.61 $ 6,902.49 

India, 65,388.42 76,981.11 11,592.69 

China, 39,072.07 71,301.72 32,229.65 

Denmark and Sweden, 10,853.07 8,025.37 2,827.70* 

Special relief funds 26,490.68 316.14 26,174.54* 

Total expenditures for work, $204,434.36 $226,156.95 $21,722.59 

* Decrease. 

6 Annual Report 

It would be wrong to deduce from the above figures that the Board is getting 
more money than we need. For the time being more was received than spent, but 
the work in contemplation on the fields demands larger funds than we have in sight, 
excepting as we rely upon the Lord's hand in moving our good people to donate for 

It always seems as if we are unkind in failing to acknowledge personally the 
splendid gifts that come from all parts of the Brotherhood. We desire in this manner 
to record anew our appreciation for all this help, conscious of the fact that the Father 
knows it all. 

Annuity Mission Funds 

Our endowment funds are growing and the list of those who receive annuities 
from us is constantly enlarging. The World-wide Endowment Fund has reached near- 
ly $950,000, while the total in all endowment funds at the close of the year is $1,160,- 
491.16. The Board feels that it is wise to encourage our brethren and sisters to de- 
vise their property, intended for the Board, to the world-wide mission account, rather 
than for us to emphasize too strongly the world-wide endowment fund. Our generation 
for conversion is the present one, and if it be properly converted it can care for the 
morrow itself. Its conversion is a task requiring larger expenditures than we can ever 

However, the Board will pay annuity to those who turn in funds that are to be 
used for world-wide work at the death of the donor. 

In order to encourage gifts to the Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, the 
Board has opened an account and will pay the same rates of annuity on funds for 
this work, during the life of the donors, as obtain in any other annuity account. 

Interest in Annuity Plan 

More people, year by year, are asking for annuities or information concerning the 
plan. Many inquire whether we can accept lands, houses, liberty bonds, etc. We 
shall be glad to correspond with you concerning the acceptance of anything of value, 
for the work of the Lord. 


Every missionary serving under the General Board is now being supported defi- 
nitely by special individuals or organizations. This is a most healthful and encouraging 
sign. Not only are these being supported, but we actually have a waiting list of or- 
ganizations and people who desire to finance missionaries. 

The following are those who are entitled to special mention because of their sup- 
porting missionaries, either entirely or in part: 

Individual Sunday-Schools 

Altoona, Pa., Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India. 

Bridgewater, Va., Bro. Norman R. Seese, China. 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Emma Horning, China. 

Cerro Gordo, 111., Dr. A. R. Cottrell, India. 

Dallas Center, Iowa, partial support, Sister Anna M. Hutchison, China. 

English River, North and South Iowa, Sister Nettie M. Senger, China. 

Locust Grove, Ind., Sue R. Heisey, India. 

Manchester College, Ind., Laura J. Shock, China. 

Mt. Morris, 111., Sister Sadie J. Miller, India. 

North Manchester, Ind., Sister Alice K. Ebey, India. 

Virden and Girard, 111.,. Dr. Laura Cottrell, India. 

Walnut, Ind., Bro. A. T. Hoffert, India. 

Walnut Grove, Pa., Bro. Samuel Bowman, China. 

Annual Report 7 

Individual Congregations 

Antietam, Pa., Sister Lizzie N. Flory, China. 
Barren Ridge, Va., Sister Nora Flory, China. 
Bear Creek, Ohio, Sister Anna M. Eby, India. 

Bethel congregation and Sunday-school, Nebr., Bro. R. C. Flory, China. 
Bethlehem, Brick and Antioch, Va., Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer, China. 
Chickies, Pa., Sister Alice M. Graybill, Sweden. 
Coon River, Iowa, Sister Elizabeth Arnold, India. 
Elizabethown, Pa., Sister Bessie M. Rider, China. 

Huntingdon congregation and College, Pa., Bro. J. M. Blough, India. 
Knob Creek, Tenn., Sister Anna B. Seese, China. 
Lick Creek, Ohio, Sister Elizabeth Kintner, India. 

Lordsburg congregation and Sunday-school, Calif., Brother and Sister Ernest Van- 
iman, China. 

Mexico, Ind., Sister Lillian Grisso, India. 

Middle River, Va., Bro. Byron M. Flory, China. 

Midway, Pa., Bro. J. F. Graybill, Sweden. 

Monitor, Kans., Sister Myrtle Pollock, China. 

Oakley congregation and Sunday-school, 111., Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden. 

Painter Creek, Ohio, Dr. O. G. Brubaker, China. 

Peach Blossom, Md., partial support, Sister Anna M. Hutchison, China. 

Pine Creek, Ind., Sister Winnie Cripe, China. 

Pipe Creek, Md., Bro. W. B. Stover, India. 

Pleasant Valley, Va., Sister Edna Flory, China. 

Shade Creek, Rumrael and Scalp Level, Pa., Sister Anna Z. Blough, India. 

Trotwood, Ohio, Sister Elizabeth Oberholtzer, China. 

Tulpehocken, Pa., Sister B. Mary Royer, India. 

Woodbury, Pa., Sister Florence Pittenger, India. 

Sunday-Schools by Districts 

California, Southern and Arizona, Sister Gertrude Emmert, India. 

Illinois, Northern and Wisconsin, Sister Kathryn Garner, India. 

Illinois, Southern, Sister Eliza B. Miller, India. 

Indiana, Northern, Sister Mary Stover, India, Minerva Metzger and Mary 
Schaeffer, China. 

Indiana, Middle, Bro. Adam Ebey, India. 

Indiana, Southern, Bro. W. J. Heisey, China. 

Iowa, Northern, Sister Anna V. Blough, China. 

Iowa, Middle, Bro. S. Ira Arnold, India. 

Kansas, Northwestern and Northeastern Colorado, Bro. Howard L. Alley, India. 

Kansas, Northeastern, Sister Ella Ebbert, India. 

Maryland, Middle, Bro. H. P. Garner, India. 

Ohio, Northwestern, Sister Hattie Z. Alley, India. 

Ohio, Northeastern, Goldie Swartz, India. 

Ohio, Southern, Brethren J. M. Pittenger, India, and J. Homer Bright, China. 

Pennsylvania, Western, Sisters Ida C. Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, India, and 
V. Grace Clapper, China. 

Pennsylvania, Middle, Bro. Jesse B. Emmert, India. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Virginia, Northern, Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Virginia, First and Southern, Sister Rebecca C. Wampler, China. 

Congregations by Districts 
Kansas, Southwestern, Brother and Sister F. H. Crumpacker, China. 

8 Annual Report 

Missouri, Middle, Sister Jennie Mohler, India. 

Nebraska, Sister Josephine Powell, India. 

Virginia, Second and Northern, Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Other Organizations 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Society, Va., Brother and Sister A. W. Ross and 
family, India. 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian Workers, Sister Anetta C. Mow, India. 
Kansas, Southeastern, Christian Workers, Sister Emma Eby, India. 
Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, 111., Bro. D. J. Lichty, India. 


Brother and Sister Isaiah Brenaman, La Verne, Calif., Bro. J. I. Kaylor, India. 

Brother and Sister C. H. Ero, Yale, Iowa, Sister Cora Brubaker, China. 

Nickey and Buckingham families, Dr. Barbara M. Nickey, India. 

In addition to those who support missionaries are many who contribute to various 
definite lines of work on the field. Through the Field Committees we are trying to 
work out a plan of supporting missions by shares rather than by name of worker or 
orphan boy. After carefully looking into the merits of this plan, the possibilities of 
rendering satisfactory reports for all supporters, we believe that this method will prove 
most satisfactory and stimulating. 


The children of our missionaries are likewise coming in for their share of rec- 
ognition at the hands of our people. Their supports are being taken, and the child on 
the field is finding a definite place in the affections of multitudes of children and grown 
folks at home. 

Others might be supported if any of our people would like to take up this worthy 
work. The education of these boys and girls, the care of their health, the environments 
conducive to their best development — these questions weigh much on the minds of 
the missionary parents, the missions and the General Board. Let us remember these 
little missionaries who, by their lives, preach wonderful sermons to non-Christian folk. 

The following are supporting missionary children: 

Miscellaneous Supports of Children 

Master Lawrence Alley, India, by Greenhill congregation, Md. 

Master Albert Long, India, by Chas. Fifer and family, Rehobeth, Md. 

Master Leland Brubaker, China, by Sugar Grove Sunday-school, Greenspring, Ohio. 

Magdalene Long, India, by Goshen City Christian Workers, Ind. 

Mary Emmert, India, by Mechanicsburg Christian Workers, Pa. 

Leah Ebey, India, by Virden Aid Society, 111. 

Elizabeth Long, India, by Monticello Sunday-school, Ind. 


With the first of September, 1918, Bro. Galen B. Royer, who had been secretary of 
the Board since 1890 and treasurer since 1900, severed his connection with the Board, 
becoming head of the Department of Missions of Juniata College. Bro. Royer gave 
the best years of his life to the service of the church. His splendid ability and self- 
sacrificing spirit, always manifest in so many ways, was one of the most influential 
agents during these formative years of our missionary history, in shaping the policies 
and directing the church's activities. Three times he visited the work in Scandinavia, 
was in France and Switzerland the first two times, and on the last visit continued his 

Annual Report 9 

journey to our mission fields in China and India. The church must appreciate his self- 
sacrifice more and more as the days go by. 


The Board has been operating in this field in line with the plan adopted by the 
St. Joseph Annual Conference, and we are pleased to report that the year has seen 
an increased interest in missionary education. Nearly all of the Districts have mis- 
sionary secretaries, many of whom have been most active in fostering the work of 
systematic giving, mission study and creating missionary sentiment. An increasing 
number of churches are appointing missionary committees, who, in many instances, 
have proved themselves valuable in the task. In some cases, however, the committees 
have done practically nothing; this being due, possibly, to their failure to get in touch 
with the Board's office, and to receive helpful literature, which is free for the asking. 


The following is the list of secretaries, in so far as we have their names on our 
list at the present time. As these are frequently changed, we shall appreciate any 
corrections which may be sent in to us: 

Arkansas, First District and Southeastern Missouri. 

California, Northern, D. L. Forney, La Verne, Calif. 

California, Southern, and Arizona, J. W. Cline, 1823 11th Ave., Los Angeles, Calif. 

Colorado, Western, and Utah, Frank Weaver, Grand Junction, Colo. 

Idaho and Western Montana, S. S. Neher, Twin Falls, Idaho. 

Illinois, Northern, and Wisconsin, S. C. Miller, Elgin, 111." 

Illinois, Southern, S. G. Bucher, Astoria, 111. 

Indiana, Middle, Irvin Fisher, Mexico, Ind. 

Indiana, Northern, Harvey Hartsough, Nappanee, Ind. 

Indiana, Southern, H. B. Martin, Summitville, Ind. 

Iowa, Middle, J. Q. Goughnour, Ankeny, Iowa. 

Iowa, Northern, Minnesota and South Dakota, Virgil C. Finnell, Elgin, 111. 

Iowa, Southern, S. L. Cover, Mt. Etna, Iowa. 

Kansas, Northeastern, J. Clyde Forney, McPherson, Kan.s. 

Kansas, Northwestern, and Northeastern Colorado, Roy A. Crist, Quinter, Kans. 

Kansas, Southeastern, Roy Neher, McCune, Kans. 

Kansas, Southwestern, and Southern Colorado. None appointed. 

Maryland, Eastern, W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md. 

Maryland, Middle, C. E. Martin, Maugansville, Md. 

Maryland, Western, James W. Beeghly, Oakland, Md. 

Michigan, Ethel Whitmer, Beaverton, Mich. 

Missouri, Middle, D. L. Mohler, Leeton, Mo. 

Missouri, Northern. None appointed. 

Missouri, Southern, and Northwestern Arkansas, A. W. Adkins, Osceola, Mo. 

Nebraska, J. W. Deeter, McPherson, Kans. 

North Dakota, Eastern Montana and Western Canada, O. A. Myer, Williston, N. D. 

North and South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, Geo. A. Branscom, Campobello, 
S. C. 

Ohio, Northeastern, A. H. Miller, Louisville, Ohio. 

Ohio, Northwestern, Mary L. Cook, Nevada, Ohio. 

Ohio, Southern, Ira G. Blocher, Greenville, Ohio. 

Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas and New Mexico, John R. Pitzer, Cordell, Okla. 

Oregon, Hiram Smith, Albany, Oregon. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, Geo. W. Weaver, Manheim, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Middle, John B. Miller, Curryville, Pa. 

10 Annual Report 

Pennsylvania, Southeastern, New Jersey and Eastern New York, M. C. Swigart, 
6611 Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Southern, C. H. Steerman, Honey Grove, Pa. 

Pennsylvania, Western, D. K. Clapper, Meyersdale, Pa. 

Tennessee, A. E. Nead, Limestone, Tenn. 

Texas and Louisiana, M. H. Peters, Manvel, Tex. 

Virginia, Eastern, I. N. H. Beahm, Nokesville, Va. 

Virginia, First District, C. D. Hylton, Troutville, Va. 

Virginia, Northern. None appointed. 

Virginia, Second District, J. W. Hess, Bridgewater, Va. 

Virginia, Southern, S. P. Reed, Floyd, Va. 

Washington, C. N. Stutzman, Wenatchee, Wash. 

West Virginia, First District, Seymour Hamstead, R. D. 2, Oakland, Md. 

West Virginia, Second District. 


Two courses of mission study were outlined last fall, one being adapted to the 
use of our students in college, while the other is for pupils in local churches. 

The course as outlined and used by the local churches included the following 

For Certificate 

Either of the following: 

" Christian Heroism in Heathen Lands," by Galen B. Royer. 

" Ancient Peoples at New Tasks," by Willard Price. 

For Seals 

Red Seal, " The Black Bearded Barbarian." Keith. 
Purple Seal, " The South Today." Moore. _ 
Green Seal, " Over Against the Treasury." Fenn. 
Blue Seal, "China's New Day." Headland. 
Gold Seal, •■ Chundra Lela." Griffin. 
Silver Seal, " The Moffats." Hubbard. 

This course of study, which was started in 1914, has been considerable of a suc- 
cess as may be attested by the following: 

Number of certificates granted during 1918-1919, 407 

Number of certificates granted since course began, 1,693 


Bro. E. H. Eby, who has rendered such splendid service as traveling secretary for 
a number of years, left the work upon his return to India. In addition to his services, 
rendered during a good portion of the year, the missionaries at home on furlough have 
visited many of the churches, bringing inspiration and enlightenment on the problems 
with which they must deal on trfe foreign field. 


This organization, with local bands in each college, is doing much for the spiritual 
life in our schools, and at the same time is the most fruitful source from which to 
expect our foreign missionaries in future years. Very few, if any, missionaries vol- 
unteer for service, excepting after they have had connection with our United Student 

The following officers have served the organization during the past year: 
President, Foster B. Statler 

Annual Report 11 

First Vice-President, Ruth Forney 

Second Vice-President, Pearl Grosh 

Secretary-Treasurer, Anna Brumbaugh 

Corresponding Secretary Ruth Royer 

Traveling Secretary, C. G. Shull 

Advisory President, J. H. B. Williams 

In addition to the inspirational activities of the bands they have, with their local 
colleges, participated in the World Fellowship Drive, as undertaken by the colleges of 
America during the past winter, raising something more than $5,000 in cash and 
pledges for an institution of learning in India. The nature of this school is yet to be 
determined by the India Field Committee. This effort on the part of the colleges de- 
serves special commendation, for the liveliest interest was manifest on the part of 
both students and faculty members. 

The Board, through its office, is issuing a little four-page leaflet, quarterly or 
oftener, entitled " Volunteer Talk," which goes to each volunteer whose name we 
receive, and to any others that may wish for it. 


With Jan. 1, 1919, the Mission Board, in harmony with the Educational and 
Sunday School Boards, inaugurated a Five-Year Forward Movement Program. This 
campaign is only in its infancy, but the interest in it, as manifested by the Brother- 
hood, proves that it has struck a responsive chord. Many are pledging their sup- 
port to it; pastors and elders are giving it full publicity in their congregations; and 
some Districts have taken action to do their full share towards making it a success. 

The following are the goals of the program, properly falling to the supervision 
of the General Mission Board: 

General Goal 

That in the Brotherhood there be Annually 

(1) 15,000 added to the church by baptism. 

(2) 300 aggressive, spiritual young men called to the ministry. 

The Mission Goal 

That Annually there be 

(1) $250,000 given to missions under the General Mission Board. 

(2) Fifteen new missionaries sent to foreign fields. 

(3) $200,000 raised for District Missions. 

(4) One new missionary station under each District Mission Board. . 

(5) Every congregation organized for greatest missionary efficiency. 

A number of leaflets have been issued by the Board, dealing with the various 
goals of this movement, and these will be sent to anyone asking for them. We 
sincerely trust that our churches will feel perfectly free to call upon us for any 
help desired. 

Stereopticon outfits, with slides and typewritten lectures, in a short time will 
be available for rental, to help in boosting this Movement. 

Missionary programs, large wall charts for churches, seals for stickers on let- 
ters, and many more devices will be used to help in awakening sentiment. Let us 
make the next five years the greatest in our missionary history. 

The Movement must be made more than merely a money raising campaign. It 
will miss the mark by a wide margin unless the principle of education is made the 
center of the whole program. We crave your fullest cooperation. 


Annual Report 


As this report is presented we are once more reminded that we are closing up 
our two-hundredth year of organized endeavor in the United States. While we 
have not prosecuted foreign missionary endeavor during this whole period — in fact, 
for only a portion of it — our brethren have not been idle. They have been blazing 
the way through primeval forests and over virgin prairies for the generations which 
are to follow. As a consequence we find our people scattered over most of the 
States of our land, occupying good farms and blessed with much prosperity. 

The bases that have been set in the last two hundred years afford a splendid 
and strong foundation for the work to come. Not in vain did our fathers labor, if 
in so doing they tempered the contrary winds which blew against missionary en- 
deavor, and enabled us to shape our course aright for the future. 

We doubt not that our progress has seemed slow to many; and no doubt it often 
has been. However, in our very deliberateness there may be speed, for our peo- 
ple, slow to take on any new thing, are usually just as loath to give it up after it 
has been accepted. We predict, and fondly hope, and are going on the assumption, 
that this will be the case in missionary endeavor. We are working on the theory 
that though we started late in the foreign missionary history of the world, we shall 
never cease until the farthest island of the farthest coast of this world has been 
brought to the feet of Jesus Christ. Even so, Lord, thrust us forth into the needy 
fields of the world, so that all people may speedily know of thy Word! 


No formal report for the Brotherhood has been received from Denmark, ex- 
cepting the statistical table as herein given. Possibly for lack of leadership the 
work has not been growing in this field. A good, efficient laborer is needed who 
can cultivate the spiritual soil in this territory and lend encouragement to the 
membership. Bro. J. F. Graybill has been going over from Sweden once in a while 
and assisting the brethren; but it is essential that a worker give his entire attention to 
this territory. Bro. Graybill reports that splendid results might be expected here if a 
man were found who would enter whole-heartedly into the work. 

Statistics of the C 


































































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Another year has rolled into the past and its history will meet us in the day of 
all days. It has been a period of severe testing in Sweden. The effects of the world 
war scourge were more visible than during any previous years, and not a few were 

Annual Report 13 

anxious as to the result should the war continue much longer. But as the burden be- 
came heavier, the Lord provided those who trusted in him with sufficient strength for 
the trial; and now, as we look over the past year, we realize that the Lord is sufficient 
for every emergency and that he is a Strong Tower for all who will trust in him. For 
this experience we praise his name. 

The war has not had a desirable moral effect upon the people. Anxiety, bitter- 
ness and concern characterized the masses, and people were seeking comfort every- 
where but at the true Source. But with all the discouraging environments we, as a* 
church, have great reasons to rejoice. It has been our best year in the seven and a 
half years of our work in Sweden. 

First, we succeeded in getting a better place for worship in Malmo. This not only 
has increased our attendance at the regular preaching services, but we have attracted 
a more desirable audience. Our Sunday-school has not gained in attendance, but in 
interest. We have a number of confirmed children. This proves that we are holding 
them better than in the past. What is true of the Sunday-school can also be said of 
the Junior Workers. These, jointly, with a little help from several individuals, desire 
to take up the support of an orphan in India. 

Our Young People's Society has increased in number and interest for the work 
of the Master. They have raised over 1,300 crowns for charity efforts, nearly 300 for 
local mission work, and have decided to raise at least 200 crowns in 1919 for foreign 
mission work. This may not seem to be much when reduced to dollars, but it is a 
good step in the right direction, and with the proper encouragement will be an effective 
help in the general cause. 

The church membership in Sweden during 1918 increased by nearly 20 per cent, 
of whom fourteen were received into the Malmo church. In November we had a series 
of meetings, preceded by several weeks of daily prayer for the meetings and the con- 
version of souls. The Lord was with us according to his promise and blessed our 
feeble efforts with fourteen confessions. Seven were buried with Christ in baptism 
Dec. 21. Some of the others wanted to take this important step, but were hindered 
by their parents. Where the Spirit of the Lord works the enemy of righteousness is 
active, and too often succeeds in frustrating the Lord's forces. We praise God for 
those who have been won, and pray that they may be kept faithful by his power. 

Another encouraging feature of the work in Sweden is the increase in offering 
unto the Lord. While there has not been any gain in giving for the home work, the 
offering to the general work of the church shows an increase of more than 100 per 
cent over any previous year, and that during severely hard times. This is commendable 
and the Lord will not withhold his blessings, for he has promised to open the windows 
of heaven to those who bring their tithes to his storehouse. 

During the past year two new mission points were opened. At these we hope to 
see fruits in the future. May the Lord grant to give the increase. 

The armistice has changed conditions much for the better. We begin the year 
with bright prospects and hope for good things. 

Our Work Among the Young 

The Young People's Society serves as a bridge between the Sunday-school and 
the church proper. In Sweden the children are urged, almost persuaded, to be con- 
firmed at the age of fourteen or fifteen years. As a rule, the State Church priests try, 
during this period, to pluck the young from the Free Church work and to win their 
interest for the State Church. If the priest fails in this, the children usually get the 
idea that they are now too much men or women to go to Sunday-school, and so lose 
interest for that which is good and noble. They are drawn into the whirlpool of 
worldliness, and lost to the church. Therefore we try and enroll them at the age of 
ten in the Junior Society, and at the age of fourteen, just before they are to be con- 


Annual Report 

firmed, we transfer them to the Young People's Society. In this way we hold their 
interest and win them for Christ and the church. 

This society enjoys a healthy growth in number and active service. Twenty-one 
new members were received into the organization during the past year, of whom eight 
were transferred from the Juniors, and now its membership is eighty-six. Ten of its 
members were, during the past year, received into the church. 

The principal activities of this society are charity and missions. During 1918 over 
1,200 crowns was raised to clothe poor school-children. The result was that some 
thirty children were gladdened by receiving new clothes at Christmas. 

Report of the Sweden Churches 











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The society's missionary activity was manifested by giving 200 crowns toward 
local expenses in the Malmo mission, and nearly 100 crowns toward the expenses at 
an outpost in the Malmo church. At this place the society holds one meeting a month, 
furnishes the speaker and bears the traveling expenses. It has meeting in Malmo every 
Sunday evening and provides occasional missionary and musical programs. The Aid 
Society is a branch of this organization. In the Sunday-school and this society we 
see the hope of the future church. 

Report of Swedish Relief Work 

We are glad to make so encouraging a report of our relief work in Sweden during 
the hard times caused by the great war. This report covers only what was done with 
the means so liberally donated by charitable members and organizations in the States, 
and not the relief work done by the Young People's Society as reported elsewhere. 

We are sorry we have not been able to reply to each donor, who has taken so 
much interest in the aid we have been trying to bring to the poor around us, and 
acknowledge the receipt of their donations to this line of work. But all has received 
due acknowledgment in the Missionary Visitor, and, what is more important, in the 
book of remembrance, not kept by human hands, but by the recording angel in heaven. 

The following is a general account of receipts and expenditures for this work dur- 
ing 1918: 


Balance from 1917, $ 68.08 

Received during the year, 619.50 

Total for the year, 


Annual Report 15 

Expenditures for the Poor Follow: 

Food $310.00 

Clothing, 97.46 

Fuel, 96.66 

Rent, 43.06 

Other purposes, 78.80 

Total for the year, $625.98 

Balance to 1919, $ 61.60 

The distribution of the $625.98 was made among about 180 individuals or families, 
and is, on an average, about $3.50 to each. We have exercised our best judgment in 
helping those whom we considered not only most needy, but most worthy. We are 
seeing the fruits of this kind of work. But the perfect fruits can be realized only in 
the world to come. 

We wish in behalf of the poor, to thank all who have contributed to this noble 
work. And we pray God's choicest blessings upon all for their deeds of charity. 

What Our Juniors Are Doing 

Our Junior Workers, while not increasing so much in number, are moving forward 
into more active service and a greater degree of usefulness. Not a few, we are sorry to 
say, because of a lack in interest for the work have dropped out of the ranks. 

During the past year, eight of the Juniors, at the age of fourteen, were transferred 
to the Young People's Society. If some have left, others have taken their places. 
Forty new members were admitted, and the society now has sixty-five members. 

They meet every Sunday evening and render a short program, consisting of Bible 
readings, song and prayer, select readings and poems. On Wednesday evening they 
meet for work. Their efforts last year amounted to the nice sum of 130 crowns, which 
is equal to about $36. They have voted 50 crowns to the India Mission. We endeavor 
to direct their interest along useful lines. They are happy in being able to help the 
less fortunate children in the dark heathen lands. 

Aid Society 

The work of the Malmo Aid Society has been very encouraging during the last 
year. We meet for work every other week and at these sessions also transact such 
business as may need attention. The attendance, especially during the last half of the 
year, was more encouraging than during any previous year. The society held twenty- 
two meetings with an average attendance of seventeen. 

The proceeds of our work for the year amounted to over 373 crowns, or about 
$105. Of this, 200 crowns has been appropriated to the mission work in China. 

We close the year with grateful hearts for what we, by our feeble efforts, have 
been able to accomplish by the grace of God, and for the assistance we are able to 
give in the general cause of the Master. We begin the new year with renewed vigor 
and bright prospects for the future. 



The records for 1918 have closed. When we look back upon the year the results 
seem small, but we know a large part of the influence that goes out from the work 
cannot be recorded in statistics. There is a constant light that shines clearly in each 

16 Annual Report 

center where we are located, and this light certainly and surely is dispelling the dark- 

Features of the work during the year that stand out prominently are, first of all, 
the fight against pneumonic plague in North Shansi in the early months of 1918. In 
all, there were six members of our mission engaged in the campaign, and the results 
of that work are far-reaching. Many village people and soldiers saw applied Christianity 
for the first time, and the governor of the province and some other high officials have 
become vitally interested in the work of the missionaries. 

At Ping Ting Sister Horning has used the reflectorscope to get the interest of the 
people throughout the city and suburbs and surrounding villages. These illustrated 
talks take up, in addition to the life of Christ, public health and educational subjects. 
At Liao they have begun monthly meetings of an educational nature, and these the 
local official and gentry have promised to attend. The medical departments at both 
stations have arranged to give lectures on public health subjects, and slides illustrating 
local conditions are used. 

The .schools for both boys and girls at Liao and Ping Ting are doing good work. 
The graduating class at Ping Ting took the uniform examinations of the Chihli-Shansi 
Educational Association, and their average marks were higher than those obtained by 
any other school taking the examination. These boys, as well as the one graduate from 
Liao, are now in the academy at Taiku, and all are ranking among the best in their 

At Liao Chou the Hiel Hamilton Memorial Hospital was completed during the 
year. This will make more and better work possible. The physician's residence at Liao 
also was completed. At Ping Ting the P. S. Miller Ward Pavilion and the Roanoke 
Operating Pavilion were completed and the evangelist's house was built. 

We are glad for the coming of two new families to help in the work. There are so 
many opportunities for advancing the kingdom, and we get impatient waiting for help- 
ers. The lion's share of the work, of course, must be done by the Chinese Christians, 
but we need men to train them and to oversee their work when they are once ready 
for it. 

The more detailed reports of the workers together with the statistics follow. 

Ping Ting Hsien 

Medical Work at Ping Ting Chou for 1918 

The report of the medical work for 1918 covers only nine months, as the hospitals 
were closed from Jan. 18 to April 15, because the men on the staff were away in plague 
work in North Shansi. The average calls at the dispensary for the nine months were 
604 per month, and the total number of in-patients was 195, making an average of more 
than twenty-one entering the hospitals each month. During the present year we did 
not admit patients with the opium habit, because we had no suitable place and .not 
enough room to keep them. At one of our out-stations we have conducted an opium 
refuge, and in this institution thirty-three patients were treated for the opium-morphine 

At the Ping Ting hospitals the patients continue to be a large per cent surgical. 
Tuberculosis, including that of the glands, bones and skin, leads all other diseases. 
There were eleven operations for cataract, five of which were double. There were ten 
for trachoma and its sequelae. The fractures included those of the skull, clavicle, bones 
of the forearm, femur, and bones of the leg. There were six radical operations for 
carbuncle. Osteomyelitis, fistula in anu, skin grafts, large abscesses, fibroid and fatty 
tumors made up most of the other operations. There were twelve obstetrical cases, 
four being .normal labors. There were three Caesarian sections, one of which was for 
ruptured uterus, two craniotomies, two forceps, and one version. 

Annual Report 17 

Among the medical cases, those of special interest were nephritis, kala azar, pneu- 
monia, dystentery, and relapsing fever. 

In the dispensaries skin diseases predominate, and of these syphilis leads. Tuber- 
culosis and eye diseases also are prominent. 

This year the Roanoke Operating Pavilion and the P. S. Miller Ward Pavilion were 
completed and the ward pavilion was in use at the close of the year. These buildings 
will be useful and will fill a need, but they will be much more valuable when the Ad- 
ministration Building is erected so that they can be connected up with it and the heat- 
ing system put in. 

The hospital equipment was increased this year by gifts and a small grant from 
the China Medical Board. The latter contributed $250 gold for laboratory equipment, 
on the condition that we raise $200 gold from other sources. This we succeeded in 
doing. We also received $120 gold from the homeland for use in equipping wards and 

Financially we received more from local fees and gifts than in previous years. The 
total amount thus secured was $1,041.64 (Mex.). The total expenses were $2,241.64 
(Mex.). These receipts and expenses do not include those for the board of the patients. 
The culinary department is run entirely separately from the other hospital departments. 

Two bad epidemics passed through our territory during the year. The first one, 
which resembled dengue, was in the late spring. The percentage of the population 
attacked was very high, but no really serious cases came under my notice. In the late 
fall the pandemic of influenza struck us; and while there were no deaths in our schools 
and hospitals, there were many deaths in the city and surrounding country. 

The health of the foreign community this year has been very good. There was 
only one serious case, and that was an attack of influenza, followed by a light case of 
broncho-pneumonia. Only several got the influenza during the pandemic, and these 
cases were very light. 

Two little boys, Norman Seese, Jr., and Delbert Vaniman, came to gladden the 
homes of their parents during the year. 

The last four months of the year we had the help of Dr. C. H. Yiian, a graduate of 
the Union Medical College in Peking. He has been loaned to us by the medical depart- 
ment at Liao and will be here most of the time that I am home on furlough. There 
should be two qualified medical men here constantly, and we hope the time will soon 
come when this will be the case. During the year Miss Edna R. Flory, R. N., was 
assigned by the Field Committee to this station. When she has the language she will 
be a much-welcomed addition to our nursing staff. 

The evangelistic work of the hospital is taken care of by an evangelist, assisted by 
members of the medical staff. There is a chapel service for the in-patients, held once 
daily. During the day individual instruction in Bible and hymn reading is given. There 
also is a special service for the dispensary oatients just before beginning the medical 
work with the out-patients. By these means some of the patients get visions of higher 
things, and a number of them are led to begin the Christian life. At the women's 
hospital Miss Rider has the oversight of the evangelistic work. 

Our needs are, first of all, a hospital building large enough and equipped in such a 
manner as to make scientific medicine and surgery possible. With such equipment we 
could help some cases that now we must turn away. Our second need is for another 
foreign physician. We hope both of these needs will be filled within the next two years. 

The statistics for the year will be seen in the table of comparative medical statistics. 


Work of Mission Fund Treasurer 

Like most housewives, I have been busy during a part of the year with the care 

of the home. From time to time we have entertained some of our Chinese friends, 

inviting the men with their wives to meals, and we have enjoyed this very much. Our 

18 Annual Report 

Chinese friends, too, have seemed to appreciate it. This brings us in touch with them 
in a social way, which is helpful to us and, we hope, to them. 

During the fight against the plague in North Shansi the early part of the year, I 
spent two months in headquarters at Taiyuanfu doing stenographic work. As some of 
you know, I was a stenographer and bookkeeper for more than ten years before coming 
to China. After volunteering, I often wondered if I would find use for the things I 
knew best how to do — stenography and bookkeeping. However, the longer I am on 
the field the more I am convinced that no knowledge comes amiss in China, at least, 
and one often wishes there were more things she could do. 

For several years I have been treasurer for the mission and also treasurer for the 
Ping Ting Station, and although the work has increased from year to year and has 
taken no little time — which might have been spent in more -direct missionary work — 
I have enjoyed it. However, I wasn't very happy about it for a while, for I wanted to 
help to do more direct mission work, but in speaking about it to Pastor Ding Li Mei, 
when he was here a couple years ago, the answer he gave me was comforting and has 
made me more contented. He said that I should remember that keeping accounts is 
mission work and is as necessary to be done as any other phase of the work. 

As most of you know, the General Mission Board sends funds to us by means of 
gold drafts, and these are sold into the currency of the country. China does not have 
a standardized currency and several types of money are used. Our gold drafts are first 
sold into taels — a tael is an ounce of silver — and from taels it is sold into silver dollars 
— China has no gold currency — and as these dollars have no more silver in them than 
the Mexican dollar, this dollar currency is known as Mexican. This dollar is further 
divided into mao, and these may be either big or little, a big mao being worth a tenth 
of a dollar and a little mao, depending on the exchange, a twelfth, an eleventh, or. a 
tenth of a dollar. Then the number of cash a dollar will exchange for varies very 
much. A cash is the smallest denomination of money used by the Chinese. When we 
came to China a dollar exchanged for 1,200 cash. At the present time a dollar ex- 
changes for 1,500 cash. In the period of a year the exchange has varied as much as 
100 to 250 cash. 

The mission has adopted the Mexican dollar as the standard to keep the books in, 
and this has made the bookkeeping easier than it was the first year I was mission 
treasurer when both taels and dollars were used. One's first thought is that a gold 
dollar would exchange for two Mexican dollars, but first thoughts are not always true. 
It depends on the state of the money market as to what the exchange will be. One 
year since we have been in China $1 gold brought $2.40 Mexican. In 1917 silver was 
higher, and $1 gold brought an average of approximately $1.50 Mex. This year on the 
average for the year $1 gold brought $1.20 Mex. 

The budget for the China field is figured in Mexican and then divided by two to get 
the amount in gold, as the Board has grarTted us a rate of $2 Mex. for $1 gold. The 
Board has also granted us this rate on the supports of the missionaries. This year 
the budget for the China field amounted to $10,485 gold, which at 2 for 1 equaled 
$20,970 Mex., which was the estimate made in Mex. for the needs of the work. Gold 
for $10,485 was sent, but when sold brought only an average of $1.20 Mex. for each $1 
gold. This meant that either the work would have to be curtailed or the Board would 
have to make up the shortage of 80 cents Mex. on each $1 gold sent out. What was 
true of the budget was also true of the missionary supports. For this one year's work, 
in order to make up shortage on exchange, the Board needed to send us over $15,000 
gold in addition to the regular amounts sent out for the budget and missionary sup- 
ports. Can you wonder they made the Thanksgiving appeal they did for funds? 

Then there were building funds and special funds used during the year, which 
needed to be kept separate, as these did not take the 2 for 1 rate but were handled at 
the rate at which they were sold. These varied according to the time of year they were 
sold. Some which were sold the early part of the year brought $1.30 Mex. for each $1 

Annual Report 


gold, while some sold the latter part of the year brought only $1.11 Mex. for each $1 
gold. Once during the year the rate fell as low as $1.01 Mex. for $1 gold. 

From the above you can see that bookkeeping in China is not only a matter of 
debit and credit, but must take into consideration the differing values of the currency 
of the country and the various fluctuations in exchange. Notwithstanding all these, 
however, as I said before, I have enjoyed the work. It is a great satisfaction when the 
year ends and the books are closed and statements made out, to find that everything 
comes out all right. And even though I have not been able to do much direct mission 
work, or come in contact at first-hand with a great number of the people, I am hoping 
that what I have done in a bookkeeping way may fit into the whole, and thus help 
bring the Gospel more speedily into the lives of these needy people. 

Nurse's Work at Ping Ting Hsien 
The nursing side of the hospital work has been, up to the present time, far 
from our ideal, owing to lack of proper facilities and equipment for carrying it on as 

it should be done. We hope conditions will 
improve within the not-far-distant future. 
During the past year we have had the serv- 
ices of a Chinese graduate lady nurse at the 
women's hospital, and of a Chinese male 
nurse at the men's hospital; but it is im- 
possible to see to the work properly until 
an adequate force of nurses is available. This 
we are hoping for, in the form of a nurses' 
training class, as soon as we have sufficient 
hospital buildings and equipment for prose- 
cuting the activities. 

During the past few months conditions at 
the men's hospital have shown considerable 
improvement over former conditions. This 
was made possible by the use of our first hospital ward, and enough iron beds for the 
most serious cases, together with better sanitary conditions, including the use of hos- 
pital clothing and bedding. Not a little time was spent in overseeing the work of 
the sewing women in making the above articles; neither is the necessary expense in- 
curred a small one; but could our friends in the homeland see the transformation 
brought about through these means we have no doubt it would receive most hearty 
endorsement and support. To do effective hospital work cleanliness and sanitation 
are indispensable. So long as the hospital is unable to furnish the necessary clothing 
and bedding, as well as proper living quarters for the patients, we must strive amidst 
uncleanly conditions to do the best that is possible. These are the conditions under 
which the women's hospital has been conducted up to the present time. Until a 
women's ward can be erected the women in-patients will remain in the present Chinese 

The response on the part of the patients to religious teaching has been quite gratify- 
ing. While some have shown little or no desire to learn, others have evinced remark- 
able interest and open-heartedness in the Gospel. We have reason to believe they 
helped afterward to spread the gospel story in their home community. Will you pray 
with us, that many, as they come here, may receive healing, not only for their sick 
bodies but also for their sin-sick souls? 

Girls' School at Ping Ting Chou 
While the work of the Girls' School here at Ping Ting Chou does not come up to 

Medical Group at Ping Ting 

20 Annual Report 

our ideal of a good school, we feel that progress is being made. This work was cared 
for by Sister Anna Blough to the end of September. Under her careful supervision 
and teaching, and that of one of the Chinese teachers, Miss Fan, the girls began really 
to admire the Christ and to feel their need of him. During the last month of the year 
there was a great spiritual awakening among the pupils. Three were baptized and six 
others confessed Christ, but could not be admitted because of conditions in their 
homes. We now have nine Christian girls in the school. At the Christmas season one 
of these said, " If Christ had not come into the world we would not be having such a 
merry time." 

The girls are given opportunities to do practical work. Every Sunday afternoon 
twelve of them go out with the Bible women and help to teach the Word and sing. Six 
of them assist in teaching in the Sunday-school. They also did their little bit for the 
Chihli flood sufferers, in denying themselves for one month of the better food which is 
served on Sunday, and eating the ordinary food. 

The girls are doing well in calisthenics under the direction of Sister Schaeffer. It is 
our hope that every one may know how to strengthen and care for her body. Good 
housekeeping is being emphasized, especially as it pertains to keeping their own rooms 
in order and sewing and crocheting. We are planning to rearrange the kitchen and 
dining-room, so that it will be convenient for the girls to help in the cooking, and thus 
learn how to prepare and serve meals. 

The health of the pupils has been very good, except during the prevalence of influ- 
enza, when thirty girls and two teachers were sick at one time. Only one developed 
pneumonia. We certainly are grateful to the Father, that all have recovered. During 
the early part of the year Jung Min succumbed to tuberculosis and passed over to be 
with the Lord, whom she loved and served so well. We miss her so much in the 
schoolroom! But her beautiful life is still influencing her classmates and schoolmates 
for good. May every girl who comes to the school open her heart to receive the ful- 
ness of the Spirit, that in death she, too, may glorify him and be glorified. 

Here and There During 1918 

In January I found myself at Liao, helping in a ten days' evangelistic campaign. 
After that I went into the mountains near there for a short period of recreation. I 
had just arrived when a special messenger surprised us by coming with a rush call to 
leave the hunt and joint a party of several other missionaries who were hurrying into 
the north of the province to quarantine against the pneumonic plague that was carry- 
ing off people by the hundreds. 

In the early part of February I left home for this work which, though not exactly 
evangelistic in its appearance, really proved to be a means of opening up to Christian 
influence the very class that we have longed to reach. It put us in touch with the 
governor and his associates in office. As a result of the untiring efforts of the mis- 
sionaries in this deadly fight the official and educated classes have turned definitely to 
the missionary forces in the province for help and counsel. So I feel that the fifty odd 
days spent by myself certainly were well spent, when we think of the actual results. In 
the first place we were successful in putting down the plague, and now the after-results 
of friendliness from all classes, from the governor down, make us feel well repaid for 
the effort. 

After returning from this campaign we were held rather closely at home for about 
six months in building a residence for ourselves. While keeping an eye on the building 
operations we tried to maintain the evangelistic work at the city chapel, at the church, 
and at the out-stations. All of this was overseeing, for in each place we have some 
Chinese who are able to get a good bit done if they have careful help. After the house 
building was completed came the moving, which was not a small chore. However, in 

Annual Report 21 

the early part of November we felt that we were well located in our new home and we 
began at once with a special Bible class for inquirers who were being prepared for 
admission into the church. After a term of five weeks our class was ready for baptism. 
Dec. 23 we baptized thirty-one applicants. We had a very representative lot. We 
were especially glad for the six teachers who came in. Four of them are employed in 
government schools and two of them are in our mission schools. We had also seven 
schoolboys and three schoolgirls. 

Our Chinese church is growing in ability to take care of a good bit of the local 
business. We held four council meetings during the year, and in these the Chinese 
take part more than they did in the past. At our love-feast occasion the entire prepara- 
tion was given to them, and with but little oversight it went off very nicely. All felt 
that we had a very spiritual time. 

Our Christmas giving and distributing were done very largely by Chinese. We 
are glad to see them coming forward in this, for it means that more and more of the 
detail work can be assigned to them. The bigger task of planning and organizing can 
be better done when I have more time for it. 

Besides this work in our own territory and the plague efforts, I had occasion to give 
some time to the Y. M. C. A., that has an organization in Tai Yuan Fu. I assisted in 
a student conference in the summer and was present at three of the association board 
meetings, where we made plans for a wider work the coming year. 

So, as we come down to the close of the year, it is with a thankful heart that I can 
say the Lord has blessed the efforts of the year, that were all too much broken into to 
bring the results most desired. Yet his work goes on and we begin the New Year with 
new purposes. 

Woman's Work — Ping Ting Chou 

Paul plants, Apollos waters, 
But God giveth the increase. 

Who is Paul? Is it not we, your missionaries on the field, who are constantly 
planting the Word of God in the hearts of these people? Who is Apollos? Is it not 
you of the homeland, who are constantly caring for the work here by your prayers and 
means? All of this is a part of God's wonderful plan for the redemption of man, but 
that which most rejoices our hearts is the increase which only God can give. If we 
do our part the increase is sure to come, and our only wish is that you might see with 
your own eyes the result of your prayers and offerings this year. We have the con- 
stant inspiration afforded by working with the people and seeing the growth, but you 
get only a few messages from across the waters. Words are very weak to express the 
power of God working in the hearts of these people. We hope the Spirit will teach 
you what our words fail to express. 

The Spirit is wonderfully working in the hearts of the people. Most of the homes 
receive us with open arms and listen most attentively to the message. Those who are 
studying are doing better than ever before. The bounds of fear and superstition are 
moving further in the distance. All they need is constant teaching and they are sure 
to respond. Each day we work to the limit of our strength and wish we were ten 
persons rather than one. Our great hope is in training these people to do the teaching 

Station Classes 

This year we held two classes for the women — in the spring three months and in 
the fall two months. Some twenty women attended these classes. Sister Crumpacker 
teaches the advanced class. These women are Christians and can read the Bible. 
They are being trained for Bible women and for better work in their own homes. The 

22 Annual Report 

next class is inquirers, who are being taught to read the Bible and prepared to enter 
the church when they have advanced far enough to understand the meaning of the great 
step. Sister Schaeffer and Sister Heisey helped in this class during the fall. The inter- 
est was very deep. The members seemed to study harder the last hour of the last day 
than ever before, being sorry to have the work close. Many of them are the wives of 
Christians, and wish to be of more help to their husbands in the homes. Others will 
make good Bible women when they are prepared. Some of the women brought their 
children and lived at the school; others came from their homes each day. For the 
children we had a kindergarten, cared for by Sister Clapper and two of the pupils from 
the girls' school. An old Chinese teacher devotes the day to teaching in the various 
classes. It is very encouraging to see how much time these women are willing to spend 
away from their homes in order to learn the Gospel. We hope by this constant, thor- 
ough teaching to train a strong church for the future. 

Devotional Meetings 

When their daily classes are not in session they continue their studies each Thurs- 
day afternoon before the devotional meetings. These meetings have been well attended 
this year. We have given a number of special meetings on the evils of footbinding, 
the care of children, the value of educating the children, the value of women learning 
to read, the value of Bible study, and similar subjects, and also showed reflectorscope 
pictures several times. At these Thursday meetings we have from sixty to one hundred 
and fifty women and children. 

Home Visiting 

Through the church services we reach but a couple of hundred people, so we have 
other means of reaching the many who do not attend services. During the evangelistic 
week the first part of the year the Christian women and schoolgirls went out each day 
to the homes of the city and sang hymns and taught the people. They thus reached 
some eighty homes. They enjoyed this work so much that they have continued these 
visits. They teach in some twelve or fifteen homes each Sunday, and thus reach all 
parts of the city during the year. This constant mixing of our Christians and school 
pupils with the other people has done much for the opening up of the work. 

Evening Meetings 

Another way we have of reaching the masses who do not attend the services is 
through the evening reflectorscope meetings, held in the homes and on the streets. 
Here we not only teach them Bible stories and Bible truths, but city and home sanita- 
tion, the cause of their many diseases, the effects of the use of opium, morphia, and 
cigarets. The evils which our home countries are now prohibiting are being pushed on 
these poor people, who can ill afford to spend their money for them. Cigarets are 
taking the place of opium and threaten to be a still greater evil. If such evils could 
only be kept out of these nations ! We held thirty of these evening meetings in the 
various parts of the city and near villages. From fifty to two hundred men, women 
and children attended each one and listened for an hour or more as the pictures were 
explained and the talks given. 


Last year we had Christmas meetings for children in the various parts of the city. 
This year we invited them to the church. About three hundred children came and 
listened very attentively to the Christmas talk and the Christmas songs. At the close 
we gave each two pieces of millet candy, two dates and a postcard which the home 
Sunday-school so kindly sent for ^Christmas. These children are only waiting for 
loving teaching, to be converted into fine Christian men and women. We have asked 
the Mission Board to send us a kindergarten teacher next fall, to teach these children 
in the kindergarten, in the primary Sunday-school, and to visit in their homes and 

Annual Report 23 

train them for Christ before the evil habits get such a strong hold on them. Who is 
the Lord preparing to answer our prayers? 

Home Classes, Etc. 

When the station classes are not in session we are busy teaching in the homes of 
those who cannot come out. We have some thirty-five such classes. The various mis- 
sionary sisters and the Bible woman help to teach in these homes. On Saturday we 
visit the women's hospital and instruct the women there. Thus we keep in touch 
with them, and follow up the work in their homes. Much time is spent in visiting the 
sick, making friends in all parts of the city, and opening new homes as opportunity 
offers. We are constantly receiving calls from our numerous friends, who come to 
visit us and see the foreign house, which is so clean and so warm. Occasionally we 
appoint a day when we invite them to come and drink tea with us. At one such 
occasion last fall about two hundred women and children filled our house and yard. 

Two trips were made during the year to various mission stations, getting inspira- 
tion from other workers and seeing their plans of work. 

Dec. 23 two women were baptized and received into the church, after several years 
of teaching and training. It was an inspiration to see how happy they were to take 
the step after their years of study and anticipation. 

Women's Country Evangelistic Work 

It is hard to count results when one's work is divided between two departments, 
as mine has been the past year. Until Sister Minerva Metzger's return in September, 
my time was given mostly to the girls' school. However, during the New Year and 
summer -vacations several weeks were spent in itinerating; also again in the autumn, 
after the epidemic of influenza had passed over this district. From one to three visits 
of varied length were made at each of the out-stations of Yu Hsien, Le Ping, Kao Lao, 
Soa Fang and Luan Liu, besides visits to surrounding villages, making a total of 
twenty-five places where the Gospel was taught, and covering a distance of three hun- 
dred miles traveled by donkey. 

We feel encouraged at the growing interest in the wives of these scattered Chris- 
tians, and believe the time will soon be here when fathers, mothers, and children will 
together give forth an influence for Christ to those about them. Of the places above 
mentioned Luan Liu seems most encouraging, as more women there are desiring to 
learn than at any other place. In one week's campaign of teaching and preaching, six- 
teen women and girls took their first lesson in character reading and singing hymns, 
along with efforts at learning the Gospel. In this we see but a forecast of what the 
work will be in other places when more time is given to it. May the Lord of the 
harvest reap abundantly in these distant places. 

Our China Mission Schools 

The purpose of our school work is to train for Christian citizenship and help in 
developing the Chinese church. 

The China Mission maintained one boarding school and four out-station schools 
in this district during the year. 

The boarding school is located here at our main station and is known as the " Ping 
Ting Boys' School and Orphanage." It is on a gradual south slope in the northeast 
part of the city of Ping Ting Chou. The east city wall, built of clay and some twenty 
feet high and ten feet wide at the top, forms the eastern boundary of the school 
ground. In the west-central part of the ground is the main building. It is two stories 

24 Annual Report 

high, 30x100 feet, with twenty-four dormitory rooms on the first floor and assembly 
room and five classrooms above. There is the long dining-room, where some seventy 
boys are fed. Near the compound gate is the guest-room, where the steward may be 
found most any time and where patrons of the school are received. Then there are the 
kitchen, store-room and bathroom. The new industrial building, added last year, is in 
the northwest part of the grounds and already is too small for our work. We hope 
we can have more room by another year. 

Here is where seventeen orphan boys and some sixty others were in school during 
the past year, learning the principles of Christian citizenship. Some of our orphans 
have left and are living independently, and others are in high school with the American 
Board Mission at Tai Ku. Jhe board for the year is $8 (Mex.) in advance, or $1 per 
month for local students. For others, $2 per month. (One dollar gold equals $1.20 

Our school year had been beginning and ending with the Chinese New Year. Dur- 
ing the past year additional work was given, which has strengthened our course of 
study and made our school year close in June in harmony with most other mission 

The course of study is divided into the lower primary, grades 1 to 4, and higher 
primary, or grades 5, 6 and 7. The Chinese principal, a college graduate from Peking, 
and a Christian, teaches in both the lower and higher primary. Besides the principal, 
there are a high school graduate and a local Chinese teacher of the old school in each 
department. The writer supervises and teaches English and music. We hope to employ 
only high-school and college graduates as soon as they are to be had. The stand- 
ard of the school depends on the teachers, so we do the best we can. 

There have been twenty-four pupils in the higher primary and from sixty to seventy 
in the lower primary during the year. Three who graduated last June entered the high 
school at Tai Ku in September. They are among the first in their classes. They took 
the uniform examination of the Shansi-Chili Educational Association June 3 to 6 and 
received the best rank of all higher primary schools taking the examination. Six of 
our graduates are now in the high school at Tai Ku. 

Our boys are quite healthy, for which we are thankful. There was but little sick- 
ness during the year. In April the mumps visited us and some twenty pupils enter- 
tained them. One boy broke his leg while playing. In October some six or seven had 
an attack of influenza, but only one had to go to the hospital. 

Our mid-year vacation was at the Chinese New Year, Feb. 8 to 28. During the first 
week of this vacation the Christian students helped in the Special Week of Evangel- 
ism. The summer vacation was from June 21 to Sept. 9. All but the orphan boys 
returned to their homes. The orphans over 15 years old earned their own food during 
vacation. Some laid brick walls and walks at the school. Two boys did laundry 
work and nine of the smaller orphans did weaving seven hours per day. From July 22 
to Sept. 3 they wove some 700 feet of white cloth twenty-six inches wide, 160 feet of 
toweling, and some 900 feet of ankle bands. July 3 to 10 the Y. M. C. A. Summer Con- 
ference was held at Tai Ku. Our local Y. M. C. A. sent two delegates. At one of the 
Life Work meetings one of these decided definitely for evangelistic work. Four of us 
foreigners from Ping Ting also attended this conference. Such gatherings mean much 
for the young Christians of China. Our boys have their regular Sunday evening meet- 
ings, maintain a literary society, control a reading room and have charge of the 
athletics. When the call came to help in the relief of the flood sufferers of Chili, the 
boys contributed $10 by doing without flour for two weeks. 

It was the writer's good fortune to attend the Educational Conference of the 
Shansi-Chili Educational Association, held at Pei Tai Ho Aug. 7, 8 and 9. By our 
presence at such conferences we gain much needed information and inspiration for our 

The school was left in the hands of the Chinese teachers while we were away on 

Annual Report 25 

plague duty Jan. 27 to March 5; also the two weeks in November while I was at Liao 
helping to install the hospital furnace. They kept the school going quite well. 

The last month of the year was a happy one. Among the thirty-one Chinese re- 
ceived into the church Dec. 23 were seven of our boys. Two days, Dec. 24 and 25, were 
given as Christmas vacation. On Christmas Eve the boys rendered their first pro- 
gram in the church. The girls' school sang some songs and the foreigners furnished a 
quartette and chorus. There was also a Chinese orchestra of six pieces. The church 
was packed and all seemed to enjoy the Christmas cheer. At 2 o'clock Christmas 
morning some of the schoolboys went about, singing Christmas songs. 

Our out-station schools are lower primary day schools and are a great help to the 
evangelistic work at these places. The evangelist at the station has charge of the 
Christian teaching. Tuition is free. The highest enrollment during the year was 
ninety-seven. When forty or more students are enrolled they are furnished two 

Pray for our schools, that they may be vital forces in the saving of China for God. 

President Hsu's Reception to the Missionary Society of Peking 

The president of China for the past few years has been giving a reception to the 
language school students and others of the various missions of Peking. This year that 
notable day was November 23. It was cold, windy, and dusty — a day such as we have 
in western Kansas in the spring. But as one does not have the privilege of seeing the 
president just any time, most of those invited, especially those who have recently come 
to China, availed themselves of the opportunity in spite of the disagreeable weather. 

The reception was given in the Imperial Gardens. This is a park within the Im- 
perial City, in and around which would be some of the most beautiful scenery if it 
were kept up — especially in the spring and summer. A large artificial lake occupies the 
center. The water is supplied from the western hills. A marble bridge of nine arches 
crosses it, and along its banks are groves of trees, under which are well-paved walks. 
On its southeastern side is a larger summer-house, consisting of several buildings 
partly in or over the water, and inclosing a number of gardens and walks. The walks 
lead one among artificial hills of rock-work, shrubbery, groves of trees, and flower beds. 

It was in one of these buildings that we were entertained. After seeing the various 
places of interest all of us gathered in an enclosed court. Here we waited the coming 
of the president. Meanwhile cigars were passed, but as we were a body of Christian 
workers, cigars were not very popular. 

President Hsu is an elderly man — quite gray, in fact. He had retired to private 
life, but because of the urgent demand at the present time for a strong leader he 
accepted the position, hoping to aid in uniting the North and the South. In his ad- 
dress to us he expressed his appreciation of all those who in any way are aiding his 
country. After the address we were served to tea. From there we went to inspect a 
rare collection of paintings of all the important emperors who have reigned within the 
last four thousand years. Altogether it was an occasion which we very much enjoyed. 


A Few Impressions of North China 

As one enters a foreign country he comes in contact with many curious customs 
and habits. One that first attracted our attention was the abundance of human labor. 
Heavy carts are drawn by a number of men, in contrast to the drays and trucks at 
home. Wheelbarrows are much used; also the carrying pole, from the ends of which 

26 Annual Report 

are suspended two baskets. In Peking there are thousands of ricksha men ready to 
offer their service. All the shops and stores are abundantly supplied with clerks — more 
than are needed, in fact. Laborers are easy to secure. 

These conditions present a problem that needs solution. There is too much ex- 
penditure of human energy for the results that accrue. If by modern methods in trans- 
portation half the men could do twice the work, then there would be plenty of laborers 
left over to be put to some other productive occupation. Then one of two things would 
happen — either the people would be able to live better, or they would spend less time 
in labor and have more time for study and mental development. Many children are not 
educated, because it requires the combined energy of the whole family to make even a 
bare subsistence. Changes, however, must come rather gradually so that adjustment 
may be made with the change. 

Many people eat most of their meals on the street, because the food can be obtained 
cheapest in that way. To provide food, the streets in many places are almost lined with 
shops where it is sold. Many people carry their cooking outfits from place to place and 
supply eatables to those who wish them. Baked and cooked foods of every description, 
as well as fresh fruits and peanuts, are sold to the hungry. At first many things are 
quite repulsive. We could wish that some of the people were cleaner, and if we were 
to eat of the food that we see prepared on the street some of the articles that they seem 
to enjoy we would want left out. 

Their present state of progress is not necessarily due to a lack of ability, but rather 
to a defective philosophy, which simply stated is this: "What was good enough for 
our fathers is good enough for us." Such a philosophy is rather hazardous, even in 
America. They do not refuse to make changes when they see that they are for the 
better. Their national history shows that the people have been ready to overthrow any 
ruler who became corrupt, and to place a new one on the throne. This they have fre- 
quently done, even in face of the theory that the emperor is the son of Heaven. (Of 
course they are now a republic.) They held that if he is the son of Heaven he will 
rule justly, and if he does not, another must be found who will. This may be put in 
favorable contrast to some of the divine right theories of the Western nations during 
the Middle Ages. The people, it is true, are moving slowly, but they are steadfast and 

I believe there are very few people at home who appreciate in any adequate sense 
the real ability and worth of the Chinese. Even meeting a few in our homeland does not 
tell us what the people of China are. In the first place, those we see come from South 
China and represent only a small group, who are temperamentally different from those 
of the North. The natural struggle with the cold, northern climate has developed a 
hardy and rugged people. They are larger and stronger physically than those of the 
South, and mentally they are not a whit behind the Western nations. They may even 
be keener. As a race they possess wonderful possibilities. Better economic conditions, 
with a vision of Jesus Christ, will make of them a great nation. 

" Growing Up " in China 

Dear reader, have you ever wished that you a child again, and live once 
more those days of innocent J)liss, looking out over the unexplored future? In a very 
real sense one may have his childhood experiences repeated if he takes up his abode in 
a foreign land, for it is much like beginning life again. He must commence at the very 
bottom of the whole educational and social system and climb up by degrees if he would 
fit himself into his new environment. 

During the first year one feels quite helpless — a mere infant, observing the acts of 
others and listening with eager ears that he may catch the sounds and thus imitate the 
speech of those about him. If he knows just a few words of the language, and learns 

Annual Report 27 

to make a few gestures, he can say almost anything he cares to say; and since the 
motions form the larger part of his language, you may be sure that he is quite pro- 
ficient in the art of gesticulating in a year's time. Just as the child laughs when it is 
pleased and cries when displeased, so must the newly-arrived foreigner express his 
likes and dislikes by smiles and frowns. 

By the end of the first year one might be said to have reached the kindergarten 
stage in his education. At this point in my experience, in order that I might have an 
opportunity to put into practice some of my newly-acquired lingo, I was placed in the 
Ping Ting kindergarten, to have charge of eight or ten sturdy, bright-faced girls and 
boys. With two young girls from the girls' school as my assistants, I spent about 
two hours each day for two months teaching them to read and write characters, and in 
various ways trying to provide instructive entertainment. Our little group in many 
respects would not compare with an American kindergarten, for they weren't well 
dressed; in fact, some of them could scarcely be considered dressed at all during the 
warm September days. Neither were they scrupulously clean, for they had never seen 
a bathtub, and I dare say would have been much frightened at the thought of coming 
in contact with one. In every other respect they are much like American children, 
having loving hearts, minds capable of development, and still more, souls to save. 
These poor, neglected children have rights that have long been trampled upon. When 
they once discover that some one is really interested in them, and that they, too, may 
learn to read and write, it puts new vigor into their dull, monotonous lives, and their 
eyes fairly sparkle with gratitude. 

As our vocabulary increases and our experience broadens we reach out into the 
homes, which affords us the best opportunity of learning the manners and customs of 
these people. We try to cheer the sad hearts of the wives and mothers, by telling them 
the story of the blessed Christ who came to seek and to save such as they, and by 
teaching them to read. They in turn, though unconsciously, impart to us valuable 
knowledge by arousing our sympathy and enlarging our vision of the work before us. 
And thus we grow day by day, and since there is so much to learn, and we learn so 
slowly, after many years we shall still be young in China.* 

Pray for us that wc. like him who called us hither, may continue to grow and wax 
strong, and that the grace of God may be upon us, in order that we may manifest his 
glory in this dark land! 

Our First Year 

This first year of our stay in China has given us varied experiences in getting 
acquainted with the people and in learning some of their customs. Of course the 
principal things for us to do thus far have been to study the language and learn to 
know the people. Blessed with good health we have found the language very interest- 
ing — even fascinating. 

For practical work I have helped the^ pupils in the girls' school with their physical 
culture and assisted in teaching some of the women in the station classes for women. 
Each week a class meets to read. There are four women in the class, each reading 
aloud at a different place in the book, occasionally asking what a certain character is 
called or stopping to listen to the explanation of a phrase or sentence. In this way 
they learn to read, as well as to gain a little truth. 

Several homes have been assigned to me to visit weekly. In these the women are 
taught to read and sometimes told Bible stories, such as our limited knowledge permits. 
This helps us to hear and understand, as well as trying to have them understand us in 
conversation. We hope it is also a help to these women, who never had an opportu- 
nity to leave their courtyard. It brings a little ray of love and of the outside unknown 
world to them. They want to know all about us. These women vary in ages from 
twenty-five to seventy, and often say, "I cannot remember anything; I am too stupid; 
how will reading help me, since I must stay at home and work all day?" It is hard at 

28 Annual Report 

first, but after a little their minds begin to grasp the proper method of study and they 
find it much easier. The transformation wrought in the face of a woman after a few 
months of reading is marvelous. One can see their lives and hearts open up to greater 
truths than are told in their little readers, and gradually they are led to recognize the 
love of God in their lives. 


In connection with my language study, I am spending some very pleasant hours, 
teaching a few women to read. They want to learn to read the Bible for themselves. 
Yes, some of them are rather old, and have such poor eyes that they can hardly see, 
but still they desire to learn. If they cannot read the Bible for themselves, who will do 
it for them? Either their husband cannot read, or else he is too busy, or perhaps he 
does not care. When they were young they had no opportunity to learn, so they are 
doing it now. They are very much interested about their reading. When they are able 
to get some meaning out of it, how their faces brighten, they are so happy ! Really, 
their interest and enthusiasm almost put us to shame. It does them so much good for 
us to show them that we love them, and that we really want to help them. 

Besides the class of women that come to my home each week for a reading lesson, 
I am going into the homes of several others who cannot come. In doing this we are 
not only helping them, but we are learning something about the home life of the 
Chinese. Although we are still in language study, we feel that there is a little that 
we can do to brighten the lives of some of those about us. This work has been quite 
an inspiration to me, and I am sure that it has caused me to put forth a greater effort 
in my language study, that I may the sooner be of more service to these people. 

While in Preparation 

The time spent in preparation for any kind of work, if diligently used, is of great 
value. The first two years on the foreign field are of value, both to the individual and 
to the mission which the individual represents. They are not only spent in getting a 
working knowledge of the language, but in becoming acclimated and acquainted with 
the people. When we see these people, oppressed by their sin and in bondage to their 
idolatrous superstition, we long to help deliver them. Were we not kept in preparation 
for a little time we probably would make mistakes equally as serious as Moses made in 
Egypt before he had finished his preparation. 

During the greater part of the time since I have been in China I have had a class 
in English. For several months I have been spending one evening each week with a 
teacher of English in the government middle school. We are studying the book of 
Matthew. This young man, Mr. Tung, is a very interesting person. He is typically 
Chinese and is quite free in speaking complimentarily of the work in English; of his 
desire to study the Bible; and as to some of the things he hopes to do in the future. 
During our conversation one evening he said, "I want to become a Christian and learn 
to speak English very well." He also said, " I want to become a minister, so I do not 
have to work so hard." From these two statements I would not have you criticise him 
too seriously, for little by little he is opening his heart in response to teaching, and I am 
praying that the Spirit may bring real conviction which will lead to his conversion. Re- 
cently two other young men, both students of the middle school, joined our Saturday 
evening class. 

Since the beginning of the New Year, in addition to teaching a Sunday-school 
class, I have joined Bro. Flory is giving instructions in English to some of our 
helpers in the mission. The class now consists of Bro. Yin, our Chinese minister, Dr. 
Yun, who is helping Dr. Wampler with the medical work, Mr. Pien, who is our Chinese 
nurse, and Mr. Chai, one of the teachers in the Ping Ting boys' school. Mr. Chai was 
among those recently baptized. These men are all warm-hearted Christians. 

Annual Report 29 

Thus we feel that, although the most of our time is spent in language study, we 
too have some little part in the work of the mission. We hope that by diligent effort 
on our part, and by support in prayer on your part, we will be ready to assume greater 
responsibilities in the near future. We sincerely hope to be ready soon to take up work 
at Shou Yang, our proposed new station. 

Fifteen Months in China 

Some one asks me what I have been doing in China these fifteen months. And 
rightly so. That's a hard question to answer, because it implies so much. Busy all the 
time. But no visible results in houses or lands, no bank account, no stocks and bonds. 
Busy from early morning until late at night, and nothing to show for it. 

I have kept in good health. Am out sometimes before breakfast for a good walk. 
Must have an hour each day for exercise. Play tennis when the weather permits. An 
hour at tennis each day is just the thing to keep the body in good condition. In addi- 
tion, must have three regular meals per day. 

Tirrfe must be set aside for reading. Cannot afford to neglect this essential point. 
Give ten minutes each day to looking over the daily paper. But more important than 
this, must give an hour to Bible study or reading good books. Just received some 
excellent volumes from the Gish Fund/ In addition, there are the magazines, some of 
the best to be had; some relating to China and some to America and Europe. Just 
must do this study and reading. Can't afford to rust out. 

Church, Sunday-school, and prayer services. Must attend them all. Can't speak 
enough Chinese to preach and teach in public. But I can always be at the meetings 
and by my regular presence help stimulate the Chinese in attendance. It is a good place 
to make friends and to be friendly. It is well to go out upon the street sometimes and 
try to make friends. Some one is always ready to talk. The Chinese generally will 
stop work to engage in conversation. Here is an excellent opportunity to become 
acquainted. And our efforts will not bring success until we know these people — know 
their home life, business life, religious life, ideals, likes, dislikes, etc. Again, there al- 
ways is some one who wants to study English. This offers an excellent point of con- 
tact. The Bible is the best Textbook, and you can have your pupil interested in re- 
ligion before he really knows what you are about. 

Language study. That's the point. That's my big job at present. Not as easy as 
you might think. Interesting? Yes and no. Today more no than yes. Tomorrow 
more yes than no. That depends somewhat upon your temperament, whether the last 
letter from home contained good news, etc. Down at it day after day. Talk in 
Chinese, walk in Chinese, read in Chinese, write in Chinese, think in Chinese, pray in 
Chinese, and dream in Chinese. No graduation day to look forward to, no presents, no 
flowers, no congratulations. The more I study the more there is found to learn. It 
will consume a lifetime and yet not be completed. 

Entertain company sometimes. The Chinese come at all hours. The old men and 
women from the street enter to look around. They think our foreign goods are won- 
derful. The unusual happened the other day. Some one called at our house, and upon 
going down I found two strangers. They were Americans — architects, not mission- 
aries. Had left Peking to hunt pheasants; heard they could be found in Shansi, 
and left the train five miles west of us. The Chinese inn was not inviting, and when 
told that there were Americans at Ping Ting they decided to take a chance, to come 
over and investigate. We were very glad to entertain them. They spent the whole of 
the following day hunting. 

That night the older of the two told an interesting story. He had seen several 
hawks eating upon a carcass and shot into them. Upon going to investigate, he found 
the body of a child. He said he would like to have buried it, but had nothing with 

30 Annual Report 

which to remove the earth. He was deeply moved and concluded by saying, " I think 
missionaries are needed in here." 

The truth is, that children under six or eight years are not considered worthy of 
burial and are simply thrown over the wall to the dogs. Christ said, "Suffer little chil- 
dren to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of God." The 
Chinese do not know this. Neither do they know that Jesus loves them. We have a 
great opportunity here to teach Christ. The harvest is great. We are glad to be 
counted among his laborers. 

First Impressions One Gets in China 

Since I have been in China only a short time it is not necessary for me to speak of 
my work, but I will give some of the impressions whictucame to me here in Peking. 

The first thing which one notices on arrival in China is the leisure, combined with 
the patience and friendliness, of the Chinamen. On inquiring the way to a place, or 
asking questions, they will do all they can to help you and try to understand your few 
Chinese words. They seem anxious to give you the right answer and not make a 
mistake. Things don't move quite as fast here as they do in America, and in some 
ways we are glad, for if they did perhaps the Chinese would not be so patient with us. 
When one goes to buy something, at least the first few months, it takes a Chinaman to 
be patient enough to put up with one's motions and poor Chinese, to tear down quite 
a lot of goods and in the end sell only a few cents' worth. Most merchants in America 
would soon weary of such customers and not be very polite, but these people always 
are willing to wait upon you. They never get too busy to be courteous and polite. 
They will tell you that you speak the Chinese well, considering the short time you 
have been in China, and help you when you make a mistake, in a polite and friendly 
way. Some say it is only flattery, but at any rate they don't try to discourage one. 
When measuring goods or counting money they count out loud so you can get the 
pronunciation and sounds, thereby helping you to acquire the language. 

Another thing which impressed me, and made me feel the opportunity for service, 
is the different expression on the faces of the people who are Christians, from that of 
others. You can nearly always tell them or those who have been under Christian in- 
fluences. Their children are kept cleaner and dressed better than those of non- 
Christians. When you once note this change you are made to say, " Truly the money 
spent for missions is well spent." It also makes a great change in the women. It un- 
binds their feet, allows the girls to go to school and to remain unmarried until they 
grow to womanhood. It gives them a chance sometimes to have a say as to whom they 
are to marry. We are glad to see this wonderful contrast. Our great desire now is to 
get the language, so that we will be able to talk to them and tell them of Jesus, the 
Transforming Power of all people. Second Corinthians 5: 17 has a more forcible 
meaning to me since being in China: "Wherefore if any man is in Christ, he is a new 
creature: the old things are passed away; behold, they are become new." 

My First Visit to a Chinese Home 

One afternoon an invitation came for us to call on our next-door neighbors. The 
family consisted of a mother, two sons and a daughter. The daughter, a sweet-faced 
girl, twenty-one years of age, is a concubine. Her husband's wife and daughter live in 
the same house. He is an educated man and is teaching at the Peking Government 
University. Because his wife had no sons he has the concubine. She has a little son 
and seems to be his favorite, even though she is not his legal wife. 

When one is able to speak only a few words in Chinese, and is not acquainted 
with Chinese ceremonies, which every one knows are very strict, it is not an easy 
matter to visit for any length of time. 

Annual Report 31 

We were ushered into the house by the mother, and her polite way said, " Please 
take a seat." The son then passed a box of cigarets to us. It is customary for the 
women to smoke in China, but of course we had to refuse. Tea was then poured, which 
we enjoyed. 

The Chinese are particularly fond of asking questions, and such as these were 
asked: "How old are you?" I have seen people in America that would hesitate to 
answer this, but one must get accustomed to it here. " Have you a mother? A father? 
How many older sisters have you? How many younger? Have you an older brother? 
How many younger brothers have you?" They laughed and remarked about our big 
feet and asked us English names of different objects. So we found a few things to say, 
even with our limited vocabulary. 

Lastly they served peanuts, chestnuts, watermelon and peach seeds. 

As we left they accompanied us to the gate across the court, and bowed several 
times, saying, " Good-bye, good-bye." 

Liao Chou 

Boys' School 

The work of our boys' school for 1918 is finished; but as we look back we see some 
mistakes which might have been avoided. We also note where some work should have 
been done better. But on the whole, we feel encouraged, and pray that the teaching 
and training received by the boys may be seed which will bear good fruit for all time. 

Our school has been to some disadvantage because management was changed twice 
during the year. As Bro. Bright's furlough was at hand the directing of the work was 
turned over to Bro. R. C. Flory after the Chinese New Year, in February. As he 
already had charge of the evangelistic department, he was thus made responsible for 
two departments, and therefore both were imperfectly manned. However, about this 
time the head teacher of the school was changed for a much more capable man, who has 
done splendid work and has been of much help. 

Before Bro. Bright left on furlough he organized the Christian boys of the school 
into a Christian Workers' Band, which did some splendid service during the spring 
term, going out to villages where they taught and sold Gospels. In these young lives 
is the hope of our China church for the future. They are being prepared by education 
to be strong Christian workers in the church. Qualified native workers is our greatest 
need. June 1 six boys were baptized, making a total of eighteen Christian boys now in 
our school. Thus our goal, giving these boys a Christian education and leading them 
into the service of the Master, is each year being more fully realized. During the 
spring term the enrollment was about sixty-two. 

At the close of the spring term in June the Liao school held its first graduation 
exercises. A brilliant young Christian man finished the work as prescribed in our 
school, and in the fall entered the school of our sister mission (the American Board), 
joining our territory on the west. Here he is taking a high-school course and is doing 
excellent work. Pray for him, that he may become a strong and qualified worker to do 
great things for the future of our Chinese church. 

Our school opened the fall term with an enrollment of forty-five, which has in- 
creased to fifty-two. Our enrollment has been cut down slightly by requiring the stu- 
dents to pay more on their food than formerly. We hope as soon as possible to reach 
the standard of self-support. 

About the first of October Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer was given the supervision of the 
boys' school. He is working diligently and strengthening and bettering conditions 
there. With the teachers he has planned a lecture course for the school; one lecture to 
be given each month. The first lecture was given by Colonel Chao, adviser to the 
governor of Shansi. 

32 Annual Report 

Thus as time and conditions warrant, the standards of our schools are steadily being 
raised, with the aim of better educating and preparing these boys and young men to 
become the future pillars of the church in China. Pray much for our schools; they 
need your best support. Our educational work often is opposed and antagonized by 
the superstitious and heathen Chinese. Pray that the light may soon break all these 
down and the Lord's name be greatly magnified. 

Besides this (our main school), we maintain a primary school at each of our three 
out-stations. In these schools about seventy boys are being taught to read anil to 
know that there is a Savior. 

Evangelistic Report, 1918 

One more year's endeavor is in the past, and as we look back and review it our 
hearts are filled with feelings compounded of disappointment and gladness. Some 
things planned have not been accomplished. Some of our workers have been weak, 
and a few have fallen and had to be dismissed from their trust, this bringing another 
problem of supplying others in their places, which is not easy when we have so few 
qualified native Christians. 

On the other hand, some things have made us glad and given us encouragement. 
In January Bro. F. H. Crumpacker was with us and conducted ten days of splendid 
evangelistic meetings. During this time we had a Bible normal, in which Bro. J. Homer 
Bright and the writer assisted. Practically all our Christian workers, both in the city 
of Liao and from the out-stations, attended these meetings and received much instruc- 
tion and inspiration. 

On June 1 six schoolboys and four schoolgirls entered the door of the church by 
baptism. We greatly rejoice in the surrender of these young lives; for it is in the boys 
and girls of our schools that we hope for better and more effective laborers in the 

From Nov. 21 to Dec. 2 Colonel Chao, from Tai Yuan Fu, gave us some 
splendid evangelistic meetings. He is a man of marked personality and a 
very strong Christian character. It fills our hearts with great hope for the 
future of China to meet such men of high official rank who are living the 
Christian life and are afire with zeal to win others for Christ. Mr. Chao first 
heard the saving message about six years ago, and has been a Christian but five years. 
He is a man of much prayer and great faith. He professes that what power he has as 
a Christian worker comes through prayer. We, who have been under Christian influ- 
ences all our lives, are put to shame by his zeal and sacrifice. One of our native 
Christians remarked that he is the Paul of China. Pray that the Lord may raise up 
many such men to lead China to Christ. 

About the first of September, Li Yu Hsi, one of our earnest Christian young men, 
went to a C. I. M. Bible School for a two years' course, to prepare to be an evangelistic 
worker. Pray God to bless and fit him for effective and energetic Christian service. 
Our greatest need is well-qualified native Christian workers. 

We have three out-stations where we are conducting special Christian work. Ho 
Shun is a city of over three thousand people. Here we have been striving for four 
years. We have an earnest Christian man located here as an evangelist. He is doing 
splendidly, and many are becoming much interested in the doctrine. We are also con- 
ducting a boys' school at this place. From fifteen to twenty boys have been in attend- 
ance during the past year. Besides their regular lessons they are taught from the 
Bible, and also learn to sing Christian songs. We have great hopes for the future here. 
Ho Shun is by donkey one day's trip north of Liao Chou. 

Yu She is a city of about four thousand, one day's journey to the southwest. At 
this place the work has been in progress three years. Here we have a native evangel- 
ist, who has meetings in the little chapel and also on the streets, daily preaching and 
teaching the doctrine of a Savior. Two natives teach in our boys' school, the attend- 

Annual Report 


ance at which is now over forty. The people of this city are quite open to receive the 
Christian doctrine, and the prospects for the development of Christian work are very 
encouraging. Both at this place and at Ho Shun several men have been baptized, and 
in their weak way are trying to live the Christ-life as they understand it. Pray much 
for our native Christians. At these two out-stations about thirty inquirers are being 
prepared for baptism. 

Our third and smallest station is located about a half-day's journey west of us in 
a village of some six hundred people. At this place we have been laboring for the past 
two years. Here we have a native evangelist and a school of about twelve boys. The 
results do not as yet make much showing, but the seed is being sown. We invite you 
to pray with us, that much good fruit will be the harvest. 

During the year we go out to these stations several times to see how matters are 
progressing, to preach and teach, and to direct and encourage our native workers. Pray 
much for us during the coming year, that we may be wholly submissive to the leading 
of the Holy Spirit in all this effort. We need your prayers. The devil does his best to 
hinder. There are many difficult places, many discouragements too hard to face with- 
out the Master at our side, working through us. We need you. Join with us, and to- 
gether we will " go over the top" to win the battle for Jesus, our Christ and Savior. 

Medical Report for 1918 

The hospital and dispensaries were closed most of January, February and March 
on account of Dr. Brubaker and Mr. Tuan, nurse, being away on anti-plague work. So 
this report really covers only nine months. 

Dr. Brubaker was kept busy during the summer and autumn overseeing the build- 
ing of the hospital and physician's residence. The real medical work was neglected and 
suffered accordingly. 

The two outstanding events of the year were the coming of Mrs. Myrtle Pollock, 
graduate nurse, to join our staff, June 26, and the grand opening of the Hiel Hamilton 
Memorial Hospital on Thanksgiving Day. The opening was a success, for the people 
came in large aumbers. The speeches by Col. Chao, of Tai Yuan Fu, Dr. Yuan, of 

Section of Operating Room in the Hiel Hamilton Hospital. The fine " White Line " equipment 
bought of the Scanlin Morris Company, Madison, Wisconsin, was furnished by one of the Sunday-school 
classes (No. 9) of the Los Angeles Sunday-school. 

34 Annual Report 

Ping Ting Chou, the local magistrate and teachers were very appropriate for the occa- 
sion. The out-patient clinics have been well attended, and nearly all the available beds 
have been occupied since we moved into the new hospital. 

A number of patients have become interested in the Gospel during the year, and 
some have asked for more teaching. These patients carry the Good News to their 
home villages and towns. In this way the hospital becomes a large factor in 

We are sorry to record the severe illness, due to dysentery, of little Henry King 
Oberholtzer during October and November. The disease was so hard on him that he 
had not fully recovered at the end of the year. Little Winifred E. Brubaker was sick 
with typhoid fever in December. Dr. Wampler very kindly made special trips to see 
each of these patients. Both his visits were much appreciated by the parents and the 
doctor and nurse in charge of the cases. All but one or two of the foreigners and a 
number of the Christian Chinese had their turn with influenza. A number of Chinese 
are reported to have died with the disease in the city and surrounding villages. Aside 
from the cases noted above the health of the station family has been good all year. 

Now that the administration building of our Liao Hospital is completed, giving us 
ample room for fifteen beds for men and ten for women, with good chapels, dispen- 
saries, waiting rooms, laboratory, drug storerooms, etc., will you not unite with us in 
praying that the medical work at Liao may be a mighty force in propagating the spirit 
and Gospel of our Master whom we serve? 

Statistical Report: Foreign physicians, 1; foreign nurses, 1; Chinese nurses, 1. 
Hospital patients, men, 66; women, 10. Major operations, 27; minor operations, 183; 
vaccinations, 10; opium patients, at Liao, 16; Hoshen, 23. Local contributions, $351.40 
(Mex.). Dispensary treatments, 3,837. Patients seen on itinerating trips, 91; out- 
calls, 81. 


Woman's Evangelistic Work for 1918 

Most of this year went by, with every one so busy at other things that no one was 
left to push this needy work with the women. However, public meetings were con- 
tinued and some work kept up in homes. After Sister Cripe's return r in September I 
was freed from superintending the school to push this department. 

In October a station class of three weeks was held for the women, being the first 
of the kind in Liao Chou. There was a regular attendance of seven, all of whom studied 
hard. A special effort was put forth to revive a sickly spiritual life, due to lack of 
leadership in the past year. Thanks to God and the operation of the Holy Spirit, 
wrought by prayer, the class closed with all nearer to God than when it began. 
Through the week they studied the Bible and learned to sing, and on Sunday afternoon 
went into homes to tell the Gospel to other of their Liao sisters. They are coming to 
see that they have some responsibility to those about them. This home work under 
my direction was mostly done by Chinese Christian women, who held some enthusi- 
astic meetings. We also went to near villages. One village woman gave up her paper 
gods and says she is willing to leave them for Jesus. 

The Bible women now are helping, by going into homes and doing daily teaching. 
In December the two Bible women with myself went to Ch ' ang Ch ' eng, one of our 
out-stations, for a week's stay. We found the people steeped in idolatry and not willing 
to abandon their paper gods. The children were open to instruction and we taught 
them daily. From here we made a short trip to a village where the people had never 
seen a foreign lady. However, they were not afraid, and listened. 

Over the Christmas season we had a special campaign, relating the Christmas story 
and singing Christmas songs. A trip to a village was made to tell the story to the 
woman who had given us her paper god. She knows very little, but is open to teach- 
ing. After Christmas Mrs. Yin and I went, for a three weeks' stay, to Yu She Hsien, 

Annual Report 35 

another of our out-stations, where we are at this writing. We made another trip to 
the old Christian man's home. His faith is as strong as ever and his own people still 
persecute and treat him cruelly, yet he prays on for them, that they may turn to God 
and be saved. One of his grandsons is willing to come to Jesus. Results must come, 
Pray for the people at these places. They are so needy and they are opening up 
wonderfully to the truth. It takes wisdom far above mine to superintend this work. 
Pray on, and let us pray through and get results. Village work in the winter is not 
easy. For a foreign lady to live in cold rooms and endure other inconveniences is a 
bit hard, but it is a part of the service of the follower of Christ. Are we not willing to 
work and suffer for him who suffered so much for us? Through him we can do it and 
rejoice in it, for " his grace is sufficient." 

Liao Chou Girls' School for 1918 

The Mission School for girls at Liao Chou is included in Christ's plan for saving 
the world and has its place in world-wide missions. The year began with fourteen 
pupils and ends with eighteen. It opened with four Christian girls and closes with 
eight. During summer vacation months they hold their faith firm and are growing. 
Efforts are being made to get them to do teaching in their homes during vacation. 
The school has only this one apology for existing — that it may be an agent for bring- 
ing souls to the feet of Jesus. 

The girls always attend the Sunday afternoon women's meetings and hear reports 
of city and village activities, and it is giving them more interest and enthusiasm for 
helping in the great work of saving souls. The giving to the poor at Christmas was 
contributed to by the students. How their faces beamed when they were told of the 
joy it brought other children! They helped in the campaign, telling the Christmas 
story to women and children in the homes. They are learning the love, forbearance 
and forgiveness of Jesus. 

Their daily lessons consist of kindergarten work and lower primary grades. A 
second Chinese lady teacher has been added to the teaching staff, and more thorough 
instruction is now being given. The head Chinese lady teacher has a wide reputation, 
being known as the second best teacher in this province, her sister alone excelling her. 
She does able work and has had kindergarten training. She is a young mother, and by 
her example in caring for her babe is giving good lessons to these future mothers. 

Three times during the year an epidemic we»t through the school. When the in- 
fluenza came into our midst it almost stopped all school work. The girls learn how to 
care for their bodies, so they may be able to resist disease and act wisely when it 
comes. This, too, is very important in the education of the Chinese girl, for the people 
here know so little about the care of the body and guarding against disease. 

An event of great importance this year is the opening of work on the new school 
building donated by Sister Sweitzer, of America. This means much to the school, for 
it is in need of different and larger quarters. Sister Cripe's return from America last fall 
to resume her duties in the school helps greatly, not only for the school but for women's 
evangelistic work, for it provides a foreign superintendent for each department. 

There are bright prospects for more students, deeper spiritual life and higher grade 
class work than ever before. The school is ever looking onward and upward, striving 
to reach the goal of perfection. Pray for the girls' school of this mountain district, 
that it be the nucleus of great events in the evangelistic and educational world. In this 
land of paper gods and temple idols results come slowly, but come they must when our 
schools follow closely the footsteps of Jesus. Pray that this school may be faithful 
and do her part. It is worth the effort. 

" Heights by great men reached and kept, 
Were not attained by sudden flight; 
But they, while their companions slept, 
Were toiling upward in the night." 


Annual Report 


Liao Chou 

Ping Ting Chou 






2 9 
1 | 11 









































Total | 6 

15| 12 


3 11 2 3 1 2 811 

2 1,000,000 

Church for 1918 
















































































Liao Chou 














Ping Ting 














Sunday-school 1918 




















































<L> Vh 






















Liao Chou , 




17|1841 78|127 
27|285| 81|176 



Ping Ting 


Total ; 

I 2 

I 2 






1 25 

Medical Work 

















CO 01 

C w 

.- t- 

03 3 



3 J 
















ts n 

c ^ 






























co cd 










































1 Mex. 

Liao Chou 

1 .. 




183|3,837| 91 



139|$ 351.40 

Ping Ting Chou | 

1| 1 


11 1 





1|33| 1,203.61 


2| 1 


2| 1 



37| 2|72|$1,555.01 

Annual Report 


Day Schools for 1918 




































Ch'ang Ch'eng 





Ho Shun 








Kao Lao 

Le Ping 

Liian Liu 






Yii Hsien 

Yii She Hsien 






Dr. F. J. Wampler, 
Per M. Metzger. 

Boarding School for 1918 





















881 7 


18 4 


98| 7 





Liao Chou, Boys' School 
Liao Chou, Girls' School 
Ping Ting, Boys' School 
Ping Ting, Girls' School 



One Year A- Visiting with Missionaries. A Story in Which Is 

Concealed the Annual Report of the India Mission 

for 1918 by Two of Them 


(This novel way of bringing the 1918 report of the India Mission to our Brother- 
hood is the idea and creature of Bro. W. B. Stover. Bro. William Weston, a minister 
of our church, and his good wife, Mary, and Bro. John Snively, a young man, decide to 
spend one year in India. They reach India in the last days of 1917 and immediately 
get into the life of our various mission stations in India. And in this story of their 
reputed visit will be found the facts and figures of the advance of the India work for 
1918. While this is an unusual way to present the report, yet because of the latitude 
which such a method gives, there creep into the report many side lights on the India 
work, revealing India customs, etc., which will make this most interesting. We sincere- 
ly believe that our people will be much pleased with the report and will read it com- 
pletely through. The report opens with our party steaming up from Colombo, Ceylon, 
towards Bombay. — The Editor.) 

From Colombo the Westons sent a telegram to Bulsar to announce their coming, 
and right hearty was the feeling of welcome that awaited them throughout the whole 

38 Annual Report 

mission of the Brethren, beginning from Dahanu on the south to Anklesvar on the 
north, and then out to Umalla. After two days more on the sea, they reached the 
beautiful harbor of Bombay, now called the first city of India, where they w»re met 
by several of the Brethren. Welcome, wasn't that? If one ever wants to know what 
a real welcome is, he should go to see some of the missionaries, far, far from home, 
who love home just as much as anybody, but who for the Master's sake have denied 
themselves, and who for months at a time, often for years, see no other of their coun- 
trymen but themselves. 

The tide was in, so the ship came right up to the wharf, permitting all to walk 
down the gangplank and be in India. The boxes and trunks were soon on the heads 
of ©eolies, and piled on carts and off for the hotel. During the day John Snively went 
to see the Towers of Silence, and a poor little old place called a hospital for animals 
which has a reputation far beyond its worth, but the Westons rested up a bit, then 
they all made some purchases, and prepared to go up the line. 

They went shopping together, and the missionary from Bulsar, seeing that they 
had not yet gotten topies for a tropical climate, suggested that they would do well 
to secure one each. The Westons thought they could do without the sun topies 
if they bought good double-cloth umbrellas, for, they modestly said to a Bulsarite, 
" We do not want to depart from the home usages, you know. " The Bulsarite knew. 
The Bulsarite also knew the tricks of the tropical sun. But when John Snively heard 
the argument, he bought two topies, one very large thick one, for when it was very 
hot, and one of moderate size for when it was hot. He saved the umbrella money. 

When the chimes of the university clock tower pealed out the hours and the 
half hours and the quarter hours, they felt nearer home than they ever thought they 
could in a heathen land. At Thos. Cook's Bank they got their money changed into 
rupees. Gold and silver the bank seemed to have none, but the paper money always 
for par value. They visited the American consul and registered there, declaring their 
intention to remain one year in India, and then return to their home in the States. 
They bought several new books at the Tract and Book Society, books on missions, 
notebooks, writing-paper and a whole box of envelopes. Suggestions were out that 
they meant business. 

Perhaps the thing that impressed the Westons most of all was the quiet move- 
ment of the masses. All day long, people, people, people, and not a sound of shuffling 
feet, such as they were always used to — this was most appealing. India was a different 
country, and they were in India. The barefoot people, not everyone, but so very 
many — this touched their hearts. But John Snively was interested in the crows. Ev- 
erywhere, anywhere, into everything, anything, were crows, all over the city of Bombay, 
and their caw-cawing was a new thing to him, for, as he said, it seemed as if the jungle 
had come to town. 

After supper the folks from Bulsar took from their roll of bedding several large 
mosquito curtains, and began to tie them up over the beds of the guests. The hotel 
did not have these supplied, and the missionaries came prepared. Bro. Weston sug- 
gested that it would not be necessary to go to all that trouble just for so short a 
time, and got the reply that the " Bombay mosquitoes can put more malaria into a 
man in one night than can be got out of him in six weeks. Never mind the feeling 
of suffocation. That will be a feeling of safety later. We are here to do the greatest 
good possible, and to this end we must live as long a time as possible. " The evening 
was spent in pleasant conversation, and closed by reading a lesson from the Psalms, 
and all kneeling in prayer together, Bro. Weston leading. After which they separated 
and went to bed. 

Early in the morning of Dec. 29, 1917, they were up and off to the Colaba Station. 
Then should they go first or second or third class, was the question. The missionaries 
suggested that they might go third, as they usually do, but as there were so many im- 
pedimenta, perhaps they better go second. What with umbrellas, several bundles of 

Annual Report 39 

cloth for new white clothes, mosquito nettings, John's topi supply, an outfit for rolling 
up bedding, several new light blankets, tiffin basket, a basket of fruit, folding cots, 
three small tin trunks new, steamer chairs, and all the outfit they started with and had 
accumulated on the way, they felt that they were getting to be travelers indeed! But 
the coolies! Every time they were paid they wanted more, the garri wallas (carriage 
drivers) wanted more, and they all insisted on it. Really it was a shame. They were 
told, " It is the custom." 

Leaving Colaba Station they expressed the fond hope of now seeing some of the 
country of India as they went along, for they were farmer people. Colaba, Church- 
gate, Marine Lines, Charni Road, Grant Road, these stations Bro. Weston wrote in 
his notebook, and as the train waited almost half an hour at the latter station, he asked 
when they would get out of Bombay. At the book-stall there they got a railway guide 
for two annas. Only half way out of Bombay! And what a lot of people traveling! 
And what a picture these stations present! And what a long train! At Grant Road 
several Hindu gentlemen, several Parsee gentlemen, and a European got into the same 
compartment with them. These were all very friendly — all but the European, who 
seemed not to want to talk to anyone. After a couple of stations this latter passenger 
got off, and the rest made themselves at home together. It was a surprise to hear 
these people speak English, clear, good and well-pronounced too. And the most natural 
thing for Indian people — and the most natural thing for good Brethren, too — in a short 
time they were busy talking on religious subjects. The Parsee said, " We like the Amer- 
icans. " The Hindu agreed, adding, however, that the five fingers were not all the 
same size. The Parsee said " The Christian religion may be the best religion in the 
world, but the Parsee religion is the next best, and with this, " he said, " we are sat- 
isfied. " The Hindu gentleman, the most free of the company to talk, was a lawyer, 
and he begged to say just what he felt, to which Bro. Weston assured him that nothing 
would be more agreeable. Then he went on to say, " You see, sir, we people, we Hin- 
dus, feel that you Christians despise our humble Hindu religion, and we don't enjoy 
that. We think that you, that your religion, I had better say, is a proud religion. And 
we don't enjoy that. So between your proud religion and our humble religion, we feel 
that we have no choice but to cling to what we have got, even if you do regard it as 
a sinking ship. I hope that I have not upset you, sir, but that is the way we feel about 

It is not needful to record more of the conversation. This was a surprise. A proud 
people. A proud religion. And we send missionaries to the others! Why, there must 
be something wrong, and yet, the man said it just as kindly as could be. "Surely," 
said Sister Weston after the man had left the train, " we have nothing about us, no 
ornaments or kind of clothes that he should think that we are proud!" But people all 
over the world have their estimates of other people, and when one is kind enough to 
tell the other what his estimate is, it is often an eye opener. But it is not always wise 
to tell everything you think. 

"What water is this? It is a very long bridge." 

" This is the bridge that takes us off the island onto the mainland. Mahim is the 
last station, you recall; we just now left it. The next is Bandra, first on the mainland. 
Bombay is built on an island, you know. We are ten miles from where we started out 
at Colaba Station." 

"And we have been at it over an hour!" 

Along the way from Bombay to Bulsar may be seen the ruins of the old Portu- 
guese occupation of India. They are historically interesting. 

Saphala is said to be the present town which is mentioned in the Bible as Ophir, 
from whence came the gold of Ophir. Note this for investigation. But in Mungo 
Park's book of travels Ophir is located in South India. 

The train stops at all stations and there is time a-plenty, it seems. At Virar men 

40 Annual Report 

came selling cocoanuts green, and cutting the top part off as they sold them; then peo- 
ple drank the juice. "Do you want a drink, brethren?" 

" That depends on what it is. " 

" It is the juice of the green cocoanut, as you see. " 

" Is that what you call toddy? " 

" Oh, no." 

" I would not be surprised if Bro. Hoffert should get on at Palghar. When 
Sister Rosa Kaylor died he went out to Vada to remain some time with Bro. Kaylor — 
yes, to remain there till Brother and Sister Garner should come. And Garners have gone 
to Vada. Let us keep a look-out for Bro. Hoffert at any rate. He doesn't know 
we are on this train. Yes, here is Palghar. This is a refreshment station. It is twenty- 
nine miles east from here to Vada, a good road all the way." 

" We will want to visit Vada after we get rested up a bit from our trip. " 

" Certainly you will, but notice this place. We think of opening another mission 
station here. Then this will be our farthest station south." 

" Glad to know. I will put that down in my notebook, " replied Bro. Weston. " I 
hope you will keep telling me things. I want to know." 

" Here we are, Bro. Hoffert. Come this way. We have been looking for you. 
You will be glad to meet the folks. " 

Bro. Hoffert joined the company and they traveled together twenty miles to 
Dahanu, where he said he wanted to get off again for a little time. 

" The folks at Dahanu will most probably be at the station to meet you, for we 
all want to give you a good hearty welcome. How we rejoice when any one is in- 
terested enough in this work to take the time and energy and money to make the trip. 
Here is Dahanu." "Welcome to India." " Glad to see you." "How good of you to 
come. " 

" Brother and Sister Weston and Bro. Snively, be introduced to our folks at Dah- 
anu: Bro. D. J. Litchy, 1902, Sister Nora Lichty, 1903, Doctor Nickey, 1914, Sister Anna 
Eby, 1912, Sister B. Mary Royer, 1913, Sister Goldie Swartz, 1916, Satwick Randive, 
preacher, and just shake hands with these other brethren here, our Indian fellow- 
workers. You would not remember their names, so I will not bother you with them 
now. " 

Bro. Weston: "What is this you have here?" 

Sister Lichty: "We just brought you a little lunch. You know we in India drink 
a little tea sometimes. " 

Sister Weston: "That is very kind of you. We haven't learned to drink a great 
deal yet, but we appreciate the spirit that prompts you to bring it. Are you all quite 

"Oh, yes, quite well. Don't we look so?" was the ready response. 

"It does our souls good to be with you. I hope we keep well too this year." 

Then the Indian brethren garlanded them with flowers, and the train moved out. 
Bro. Weston got out his notebook and put down the names of the missionaries and 
the years in which they had arrived in India, and began to talk of the prospects for 
the mission work about Dahanu. Sister Weston put the tea things together and pre- 
pared to put them off at the next station, as they had been told to do, while John 
Snively amused himself with the flowers, and then looked into space out of the win- 

It was nearly one o'clock when they reached Bulsar. " Look out of the window 
to the west. There's the church, and the hospital, and the mission houses, and the 
windmills, all that can be seen from the outside." 

"We will be right glad to see the inside, won't we, William?" said Sister Weston. 
In a few minutes the scenes at Dahanu were being repeated. Several persons had come 
to the station to meet them and they were introduced: " Brother and Sister Weston and 
Bro. Snively, these are our people. " And soon after getting settled down in the Ross 

Annual Report 41 

bungalow Bro. Weston wrote in his notebook as follows: "Sister Eliza Miller, 1900, 
Bro. A. W. Ross, 1904, Sister Flora Ross, 1904, Bro. J. M. Pittenger, 1904, Sister Flor- 
ence Pittenger, 1904, A. Raymond Cottrell, M. D., 1913, Sister Laura Cottrell, M. D., 
1913, Nurse Jennie Mohler, 1916, Lellu Kalidas, preacher, Naranji Valji, preacher. Ross 
children, Nina, Ruth Evelyn, Baby Pauline. Bulsar, 125 miles north of Bombay. Rail- 
way center, English cemetery." 

On the very first day Ruth was so well acquainted with John Snively that she 
asked him questions he could not answer, and others that he did not like to answer. 
All three visitors made friends with the children, but the first day in Bulsar was chiefly 
spent in getting unpacked and reading the letters that had come for them, letters from 
home, letters from Norrie and John S., letters from Lizzie and Samuel. The former 
spoke of home life and the church activities, and the latter of college life. Westons 
aimed to keep in close touch with their children, for, said they, " It is the way to keep 
,them for the Lord and the church." 

It was part of the plan of this trip to have a large map of the field wherever they 
went, so that it might be impressed on their minds, and that they might know their 
ground. Bro. Ross supplied the map, and besides that a good lot of up-to-date mis- 
sion papers and magazines. Speaking of this at the table, Bro. Weston said, " But 
doesn't this supply of reading cost you a good deal? " 

Bro. Ross: "Yes, it does, and it costs more than it does at home because of the 
extra postage. But none of us feel that we can do without it. Bro. Stover, when he 
first came to the field, felt that now since he was a missionary he would not require 
missionary literature, and so discontinued the Missionary Review of the World. But 
he changed his mind, renewed his subscription, and sent for others as well. He tells 
this little experience on himself. I always feel that I cannot get enough. " 

" But it had occurred to me that missionary papers are to work up people on mis- 
sions. And you brethren here are worked up, we think. " 

" Not to work up the indifferent so much as to give the people the facts. You 
know the great thing is to know. We must know. It is the work of preachers and 
teachers all over the world to give the people the facts. The home angle is not much 
different from the foreign angle in this. " 

"That is a pretty good point, Bro. Ross; they must know the Christ." 
" Yes, we must know the success and failure of others if we would make the great- 
est use of our opportunities. We must build substantially if we would build for the 
future. For this we must have the facts at hand." 

And Bro. Weston wrote it down in his notebook that all Christians, and even 
missionaries, have need of a good supply of mission literature. 

The next day was Sunday. Arrangements had been made that they might attend 
the morning Sunday-school and church services in Gujerati, as listeners only, which 
they did. Grandchildren of those who first worshiped with our Brethren here were 
pointed out; parents, students, teachers, carpenters, farmers, old and young were in- 
troduced. A number of the young men spoke to them in good clear English, and 
one brother, speaking with an accent, said, " God bless you, father, " which was ap- 
preciated. That was about all the English he knew. In the evening, from five to six, 
Bro. Weston took the service in English. Almost from the first, services have been 
held in English at Bulsar on Sunday evenings. It is the only one of our stations 
where there are enough of English speaking people to do this. 

On the evening of Dec. 31 the Christians met in the church for prayers. With 
singing and prayer together they spent the evening, not formally but informally, until 
the clock struck twelve, when they again engaged in prayer, and departed quietly each 
to his own home. This was a sort of dedication meeting, thinking of the year which 
was closing, and of the year which was beginning — a pleasant, profitable time of prayer 
between the years. At most of our mission stations the last night of the year is spent 
thus in prayer. 

42 Annual Report 

" Tonight is the love feast at Anklesvar," one remarked between hymns. " I 
hope our college boys will do well this year, " said another. " All over the world, all 
over the Christian world, this night ends the year," added a third. And then another 
hymn was selected. 

" Well, Sister Miller, may we go with you to see the girls this morning, to the 
school, or anywhere you like?" 

" Yes, come right along. But pardon me, brother, you and Sister Weston, had you 
not better have something heavier on your heads? I am afraid you will feel the sun," 
she replied. 

" Why, with our umbrellas, I think we are quite safe, don't you? " 

" We never trust the sun. I feel anxious for you. " But they went on, from one 
schoolroom to another, in each room Sister Miller telling how the girls were getting 
on with their work. And how the teachers had been with us mostly from childhood. 
" The girls," she said, " are the hope of the future church. They are the hope of 
India. For they have the homes to make, and they, poor souls, have been kept down 
in ignorance, lo, these years. But things are changing. There is a better time coming. " 

" Do you like your work, Sister Miller? " 

"Don't I? If I did not I would not be here. We are volunteers, and not drafted 
soldiers. Excuse the reference, but this is war time, you know. Certainly I like this 
work, and I love the girls too. " 

"Miss Eliza," said Bro. Snively, "may I suggest that you give the number in each 
class for Uncle Weston? He will want to get that into his notebook." And in a 
few moments it was all jotted down in rough copy fashion, while a good-humored laugh 
was indulged in by all. But this was what he wrote: "Sixty girls, primary to sixth 
standard. Good work." 

"Won't you come into the Widows' Home?" called Sister Pittenger, as the Wes- 
tons were going toward the bungalow they now called their home. "Yes, I guess we 
can, it feels a little warm and we are hurrying to the bungalow. How many have you? " 

"Let me see; there are more children than widows. It works out that way, you 
know. There are fourteen children and nine widows. Nearly all the women here have 
some if not all of their children with them. Of course we don't take in big children, 
only little ones. Here they are, you can see for yourselves. " 

"Have they no relatives to whom they can go?" 

" Not with safety. It is the same old story. A home like this is more for her 
spiritual protection than her physical. She could get a living — " 

"Oh, I quite understand," said Sister Weston; "it sure is a necessity." 

Bro. Weston: "Have they work to do, besides taking care of themselves?" 

" Yes, Bro. Ross says he will be able to give work to the strong and able-bodied 
women a greater part of the time, but we need some of the able-bodied to help look 
after the feeble and the children. " And with this the Westons turned for home, while 
Sister Pittenger added, " You must come over to see us some time. " " Yes, we will, " 
said Westons. 

" I'll come now, " said John Snively, and he walked with Sister Pittenger to their 
bungalow. Bro. Pittenger had not been well for some time, and the family were 
here at Bulsar to have him in the care of the doctors. The work in the hill country 
of the Dangs had to be given up — a work they had come to love with all their hearts. 
When they had gotten moved from the Dangs to Bulsar finally one day little Joseph 
Pittenger came to his mother saying, "Mama, when will we go back to Ahwa? I 
don't like it here a bit. " Which was only another argument for the truth of the saying 
that everything depends on your viewpoint. Joseph Pittenger and his sister Angeline 
are pictures of health, the Dang country notwithstanding. But the doctor's strong ad- 
vice was, for the health of Bro. Pittenger, that he be transferred, and so he is at Bul- 
sar now. He seams to be getting stronger and better, but progress was not as rapid 
as ft wa« hoped It would b*. 

Annual Report . 43 

" You folks talk of the hot sun, " said Bro. Weston to Bro. Ross one day as they 
sat at the dinner table. " I think that we have never struck a better climate in all 
my life. " 

" That is what we all say in January and February. But you will be here for a 
full year, will you not? Yes, that is good. Then you will know. There is one story 
spun from theory, and another is built on the facts. But don't you trust the sun even 
now. " 

" Mother and I have been thinking that we might do well, if it were possible, to 
rent a little bungalow, and we three stay there for some time. I mean, we don't want 
to be a burden on you, and this would please us, after we have visited the other sta- 
tions. Would it be possible?" 

Bro. Ross said that he thought it could be arranged, but that they all wished them 
to feel sure of their welcome to share the present bungalow. But Westons were think- 
ing of servants, and the servant question, and why it was needful for missionaries to 
have servants at all, and down in their hearts they thought they would " like to try 
this thing out. " 

With Bro. Ross they walked about among the houses of the Christian community, 
now numbering about sixty families. They visited in the homes, and talked with the 
people whom they met. They wanted to see how the people lived, and they saw. They 
stepped off the size of certain houses, for rent to such Christians as could not 
afford houses of their own, and they thought the idea a good one. They visited the 
boys' school, and went from class to class, all the boys by this time feeling that they 
were personally acquainted with the visitors. Bro. Weston made the following entry 
in his notebook: " Bulsar Mission Houses, Boys' School, Girls' School, Industrial School, 
dispensary and church. When Bro. D. L. Miller first visited here, this was a pasture 
field. What God hath wrought!" 

Then they called on the doctor's bungalow. This is the most modern of all, though 
all three of the bungalows and the dispensary at Bulsar are well built. Brother and 
Sister Cottrell went with them through the dispensary, and showed them the records, 
showed them the outfit for work, had them sit down and enjoy the morning Gujerati 
preaching which is always held previous to opening the dispensary, for the patients 
who have already assembled on the spacious verandas. This preaching of the Gospel 
there is part of the mission plan. A man is set apart for that work especially. As 
they came from the dispensary, having seen patients come and go, having listened to 
the sound of the preached Word, having observed the painstaking care with which the 
doctors examine every one who attends, they came away saying that they felt sure 
the folks who had given to build this Mary N. Quinter Memorial had built wiser than 
they knew. "We will come again, doctor, " they said. " I want to bring my notebook 
next time. This work is interesting. " And the doctor replied, " You will be quite 
welcome at any time, but, look out for the sun. " 

A visit to Wankel was talked of, but postponed till another day. The next in 
the plan was a visit to Jalalpor, twenty miles north of Bulsar. For that station they 
bought tickets to Navsari. Navsari is on one side of the railroad in Baroda State ter- 
ritory, and Jalalpor is on the other side in British territory. Navsari is a city of 20,000 
population and Jalalpor is just a little town. On the way comes Bilimora, a growing 
little Baroda town, and the junction for the narrow gauge railway which takes you 
thirty-five miles on the way to the hill country of the Dangs. This is much better than 
it used to be when the whole sixty miles had to be done in an oxcart. 

"What a lot of people crowd around these larger stations," Bro. Weston was 
saying to his wife when Bro. Emmert appeared. " Ye6," he answered, "it is surprising 
how many people do travel in these hard times. But the rate is low. How do you like 
third class? Come with me." 

Tongas and horses, and carts, and oxen, so many! Putting their things into an ox- 
cart, it was agreed to walk to the mission house, which was near at hand. How pleas- 

44 Annual Report 

ant to find such wide, shady roads! How pleasant to come into the homes of your 
friends 1 How pleasant to be very welcome everywhere! They talked as they walked, 
when John exclaimed, "Oh, look at the monkeys 1" Then Lloyd told them that this 
was like headquarters for monkeys, that they come and go every day, that the big 
trees are splendid jumping grounds for them, and that they do some funny things. 
" You know, uncle, " Lloyd went on to say, " they come into our back veranda some- 
times and steal things out of the house. " 

"What, for instance, do they carry away?" asked John Snively. 
" Oh, they like plantains [bananas]. They snatch them off the dining table when 
they can, and bread. Then they sit up on a branch of a big tree and eat while they 
watch us to see what we are going to do about it. " 

"Why don't you keep the doors shut?" 

" Why, uncle, this is India. If you would keep the doors shut all the time, why, 
we'd smother, I guess," replied Lloyd, laughing. 

" Home again, " said Bro. Weston. " Yes, " added his wife, " you know, Sister 
Emmert, wherever we are with our missionaries we feel just perfectly at home. " 

" That is the way we want you to feel. We feel that way ourselves. Just come 
with me, sister; I am sure you will enjoy the bathroom. We always feel so dirty after 
traveling. And the roads are always dusty. " They were soon all together again in 
the sitting room. Every bungalow is supplied with one or more good bathrooms and 
plenty of water. This is one of the joys added to the daily life in India. And visitors 
always appreciate it. 

The Emmerts explained to the Westons that this was " Self-denial Week, " and 
while they were endeavoring to deny themselves every way possible, they hoped that 
all would get plenty to eat. John thought they had better go somewhere else for the 
present, but when it was explained that all the stations keep this week in the same 
way, there was a pleasing smile seen on the faces of all. 

Bro. Emmert and Bro. Weston went on a trip to several villages. John heard 
that there was an excursion to Elephanta Caves, so he went to Bombay. In the vil- 
lages the two men held meetings, preached the Word, comparing the war-of-the-world 
and the peace-of-the-Gospel. In the mission schools they talked with the pupils, ask- 
ing them simple questions, thus spending several days among fishermen, and several 
days among farmers. Bro. Weston confessed he did not know whether the outlook 
among fishermen was more hopeful, or that among farmers. The boys were eager 
learners in either case, and the girls were prominent by their absence. Two or three 
girls to twenty-five or fifty boys. " Think of it, Bro. Emmert," he said, " the educa- 
tion of the girls in India is a very important thing. I can appreciate what Sister Miller 
was saying while we were there, that the girls are the future hope of the church. The 
girls are the hope of India. I think I can feel that a bit now. How bright your mis- 
sion girls look compared to these who never get to school! What beautiful faces they 
have! I like the work you are doing." 

" Do you not see the difference between the fishermen and the farmers? And 
would you be surprised if I would tell you that they are quite separate from each other, 
and that no law allows intermarriage?" 

"No wonder they get hidebound. Is that what you call the working of caste? I 
would like to know more about caste. Fact is, I 'know nothing. " 

" Yes, it is the ruU of caste that prohibits intermarriage. With respect to inter- 
dining the caste rule is very definitely established and it is, from our point of view, 
very foolish and unreasonable." 

"Yes, Bro. Emmert, from our point of view, you say. That suggests it to me. 
How do they feel about it? Do they like it? Do they feel caste is a good thing? I 
wonder," replied Bro. Weston. 

"In looking at this as well as other questions, we must try to be sympathetic, 
else we fail to catch their point of view altogether. The better educated now apologize 

Annual Report 45 

for the stricter rulings of caste. Those who are halfway along, I might say, they 
talk against it and keep on practicing it, fearing to face the storm that would rise if 
stirred, and the majority take it for granted. " 

"If they don't believe in it, why hang to it?" 

"There are so many peculiar turns in the road, that the longer one is in India the 
more he pities the man who tries to keep a good conscience and follow his caste sys- 
tem. He is downed on every hand, and he tries to feel it is right for him, to continue, 
only by being better and living better than others. He feels the cost of separation is 
too great." 

" May I tell you something? On the train a Hindu gentleman told us kindly he 
thought our religion a proud religion, and that we are a proud people. I can't get over 
it. Have you any idea what he meant? " 

" I never had a man tell me that," said Bro. Emmert, thoughtfully, " but I think 
I understand. That thought of a humble religion means one thing to him and quite 
another thing to you. He sees Christianity as self-assertive, as a religion which de- 
clares there is no other worthy of comparison to itself. He sees men just as good in 
his own religion as the Christians he knows seem to him to be. And some of his are 
better than some of ours. We know that. Moreover, we know that the blood of 
Jesus Christ cleanseth from all sin. He believes too in the atonement, but not very 
seriously. In some ways they take things very seriously, but not in others. For ex- 
ample, look at the poor fellow, who for the sake of a religious vow, dresses in yellow 
rags, goes barefoot and begs for a living, that he may be sure of salvation, that he 
may do something for religion. He overestimates the value of a show of humility 
and of mercy, and forgets all about justice and righteousness and truth. " 

" Wife and I looked ourselves over and wondered, " said the humble brother. 

" Well, as to that phase of it he has something to learn and so have we perhaps, " 
went on the missionary. " Why do we wear collars, or white shirts, or coats, or shoes 
and socks in hot weather? We answer that it is our usage, and we think the question 
ought to be ended with that, but it isn't. If the fact of usage, our usage, rightly set- 
tles it for us, then the fact of their usage settles it for them, little matter what it is. 
Usage, custom, is no argument. Utility is an argument. So is economy, but in that 
he has the best of us. Decency, modesty, i3 an argument, and in that we have the 
best of him. But there you must define your terms. I tell you what I think: we must 
teach concerning Christ; we must press the message of Christ; we must insist on the 
Divinity of Christ; we must point the people, not to our religion, but to our incom- 
parable Christ, and then let the details work out themselves. This is our supreme 
task in all lands. And we must keep this thought diligently in mind, that the day 
of the Lord draweth nigh. " 

The two men were of one mind, and enjoyed the conversation, which continued 
day after day, as they went and came among the several village schools, among the 
people, and seeing those who were Christians. Not yet has a great ingathering been 
made at Jalalpor, but the boarding school is an interesting fact, and something like 
the following went into the notebook: 

" Navsari station, Jalalpor town (Surat District, same as Bulsar). Bro. D. L. For- 
ney built this house in 1901; Bro. J. B. Emmert, 1902; Sister Gertrude Emmert, 1904; 
Lloyd, Anna, and Mary. Get reports of schools and Sunday-schools at D. M. " 

They returned to Bulsar, spent the Lord's Day there and arranged for a visit to 
Anklesvar. They had known Bro. McCann, and Anklesvar was his old battle-ground. 
On the way there came a man into the car at Surat, where the train waited long enough 
for one to go to sleep and get awake again, before starting. In other words, Surat is 
a city of over 100,000 population, and the railway traffic is something remarkable. 
Here also the Tapti Valley Railway branches off to the east, and this line takes you 
to Bardoli, Vyara and other stations. The man who got on at Surat was very friendly, 
and as the travelers were easily seen to be new in this old land, the man introduced 

46 Annual Report 

himself. He lived at Kosamba and his name was Kim — Mr. Kim, of Kosamba. He 
said he knew all our people. He knew Bishop D. L. Miller and the younger Miller. 
He proved to be an interesting character. He told them some things they were glad 
to know, which went into the notebook; and when he got off at Kosamba he invited 
his new-found friends to come to see him at any time, and spend a day or two. They 
promised they would. 

Presently over a little bridge, past the pumping-station, the long train stopped at 
Anklesvar. There were welcomes and greetings, hand-clasps and expressions of joy. 

" It is such a pleasure to have you with us. " 

" We are so glad when anyone really comes to see us. " 

" And it is so good to have you here in our excellent weather — there is no better 
weather anywhere than is found in India in winter. The beastly climate, as it is some- 
times called, comes at another time of year. " 

Ten minutes to the mission bungalow; all preferred to walk, and under the spread- 
ing mango trees — yes, mango, nimb, tamarind, peepul and banyan — they set out like 
so many young people, for the goal just round the corner. " Why, this looks just 
like what we have so often seen in pictures, " said Sister Weston. " And it feels just 
like we felt it would feel when we were reading about it, " added Bro. Weston. And 
John, he had come back from Bombay to Bulsar, and then joined his friends at Navsari 
again. John thought his trip to Bombay well worth it, he said. He visited the Ele- 
phanta Caves, the Jumma Musjid, a couple of Hindu temples, Victoria Gardens, and a 
cinema. He said some one had told him to study the flora and fauna of India when he 
got there. He was after both. 

" We would like to see what you have to show us, to know what you have to 
tell us, and to go where you wish to take us, " said Bro. Weston as the evening shades 
were falling. 

" We are making a special effort among the Bhils, and we can get them at night 
better than any other part of the day, so that means we have many night meetings, 
and by this I do not mean evening meetings. Going out for a night meeting in a vil- 
lage we scarcely ever get home before midnight. But we find the people and get a 
very good hearing then. " 

" I would like to go with you to several such. Of course, we can't understand, but 
we easily see the spirit of the meetings and the spirit of the people. I would not like 
to keep it up, though. " 

" That we appreciate, for we are not going out nights as much as we did at first. 
I suppose you will want to go to Jitalie. There are more Christians there than in an3' 
other of our villages at present. " 

Next morning Sister Weston, remarked that there must have been some trouble 
somewhere in the night, the way she heard the people yelling. 

" Oh, no, I forgot to tell you," replied Sister Stover. " That is the way they keep 
the thieves out of the cotton in the ginning compounds. This is the ginning season, 
and you saw the great quantities of cotton as you came. " 

" But who does the yelling? It is something dreadful the way they yell. " 

"That is the night watchmen. When they yell out like that we are sure they are 
awake. " 

After a while Sister Stover said, " You men go to Jitalie tonight, and we women 
will find something to do nearer home. At least we will find something to talk about 
while you are gone. " 

At two o'clock they went out to the first station, Dadarl, on the narrow gauge 
railway, the one you take when going to Umalla or Nandod. They bought third-class 
tickets, costing two cents each. There are Christians living at Dadarl, but these were 
out in the fields. They met the village patel (head officer), who received them kindly. 
They stooped down and went into several of the Bhil huts, which were so poor, so 
dirty, so disheartening, they hardly seemed fit for human habitation. Most of the 

Annual Report 47 

houses were empty. The visitors wondered if they were not afraid of something being 
taken away, but when it was told them that nothing there was worth taking, the sit- 
uation took hold of them properly. 

" I wish mother could see these huts. " 

" She will see them. They are everywhere. " 

" How can a person be decent, living in such places? I don't see. " 

" Well, some are not very decent, but some turn out to be pretty -good sort of 
people. I often, in trying to make them feel the need of something better, " said Bro. 
Stover, " make a comparison between men and animals, and end up by saying that an 
animal does not require a door, while a man does. " 

"And what do such people — the Bhils I mean — think concerning God? What is 
their thought of religion? They must have some thought of another world." 

"Their ideas are as primitive as the huts they live in." 

"And as dirty?" asked John Snively. 

"Yes; you can't always judge a man's morals by the looks of the house he lives 
in, but as a general thing one doesn't go far amiss in doing so. Take the marriage re- 
lation. I consider the fear of being found out the greatest incentive to good behavior. 
Drunkenness is shamefully common. And petty theft is common, too. " 

" What causes the fear of being found out? That suggests some conscience, does 
it not?" 

They were going from Dadarl to Jitalie, about three-fourths of a mile, and as they 
walked they talked. " But," said Bro. Weston, thoughtfully, " I have an impression lurk- 
ing somewhere in my mind, that these primitive peoples, being a kind of law to them- 
selves, live a life remarkably pure. Is it all a mistaken notion?" 

Bro. Stover answered slowly: "One must form his opinions from his own ex- 
perience, or from the evidence of a reliable witness. I find among these people no 
active conscience with respect to sin. The idea is to do the thing and then think no more 
about it. They think God gave them the desire, and it is theirs to gratify the desire. 
As the better educated say, ' Do it without attachment. ' That is, don't consider your- 
self blameworthy if you do wrong. -The whole world believes in God, but the con- 
ception of God has to be defined. " 

"And the reliable evidence? I have been reading books of travel — " 

" I, too, have been reading some of those good people's books. He is not a re- 
liable witness who makes a trip to a foreign land and gets his information from non- 
Christian gentlemen who have been educated in English but who have not imbibed 
the teachings of Christ. His intentions are splendid, but he has been deceived. The 
people of this land have a very clever trait of trying to please. They will give you 
the answer you are looking for, rather than disappoint you. They mean to be kind 
to you. It is a splendid trait, no doubt, but it often veils the truth. " 

There was Jitalie. Walking through the Mohammedan street they passed down 
the incline in the road, by the well, and over to the Bhil quarters. The Mohammedans 
have houses. The Bhils have huts. Yet some of the Bhils are building their huts very 
nicely, and some of them dwell in houses, with tile roofs. This is an improvement 
which is sure to follow when they learn to think a bit. The home of the Christian 
teacher, Timothy, which serves for school and prayer room, and for church services 
generally, is right in the midst of the Bhil quarter. Timothy had been informed of 
the intended visit, and extended a hearty welcome. After a good supper, sitting on 
the floor and eating with fingers, the people did not gather at once. It grew late, but 
finally they came, and there was a good meeting, with some sixty Christians and twenty 
others. The oxcart from Anklesvar had arrived, and the folks were driven home after 
the meeting. The roads were dusty, rutty, and bad, so when they reached home it 
was past twelve, and they were quite tired out. The way the Christians took hold in 
prayer at Jitalie pleased Bro. Weston, though he had not seen anything like it before. 
At the close of nearly every sentence they repeated the last two or three words to- 

48 Annual Report 

gether. It seemed as natural as for some good people to say amen, and was possibly 
more meaningful. But John felt amused by it. 

The women folk sat on the front veranda of the ladies' bungalow, when three of 
the boys from the boarding school came up with little sticks in their hands. Promptly 
Sister Widdowson, who is in charge of the girls' boarding, asked them what they 
wished, and the answer was that they wished to give these (babul sticks, which serve 
the purpose of toothbrushes) to their sisters. The girls were called, and when they 
had received the sticks, they went off hurriedly, having made as pretty a little bow 
as any one would want to see. They evidently got a touch of the same feeling which 
comes to larger sisters when larger presents are given to them by larger brothers. This 
is a frequent happening on Saturday evening. 

The girls in the Anklesvar boarding now number some forty, and are mostly, but 
not all, the children of Bhils who have become Christians. And they are as bright and 
hopeful a little company as are the children of others with an outlook on life, oh, so 
vastly different from that of their poor, ignorant Bhil mothers! "But it does one 
good to see these little kiddies look clean and well, " Sister Widdowson was saying 
when the interruption came. " I keep strict watch on everything, for that is the only 
way to be sure. It is so easy to be late, so easy to neglect things, so easy to shove 
one's duty off onto some one else. I don't believe in doing it that way. " 

" We said, when we left home," said Sister Weston, meditatively, " that we would 
stay a year, if we did not get homesick, but it appears to me we will have to find some 
other reason now. You like your work, Sister Olive?" 

"Well, I do that, else I would not be here. I taught school in America, and if I 
did not believe this to be a good work, with good results assured, I would do something 
else in a short time, " was her reply. 

" I was thinking of home. Do you, none of you, ever get homesick? " 

" We haven't time for that. " 

Then came a group of men. "Is Sahib at home?" 

" No, he has gone out. " 

"Where did he go to?" 

"He went to Jitalie. Is there anything I can do for you?" 

" No, I want to see Sahib. I will come back tomorrow. " Thus saying the whole 
group turned and went away. 

Sister Weston asked, "What do you suppose they wanted? Won't they tell?" 

Sister Stover: "No, they won't tell. There is the man's estimate of a woman 
for you. They think we don't know anything more than their women do. At least, it 
seems so. One day the postman thought I was shamming when I took the notice he 
had brought and was reading it. He scanned closely to see whether I had it straight 
or upside down. He admitted it afterward. But that is why we are here, sister; the 
whole land needs new ideas, and a new religion. They need the Savior, else we have 
no need to be here. " 

"Do you hear from your children often — your children at home?" 

"Yes, indeed. Since the war we get three or four letters at a time, all of different 
date, and after that we have a famine. But we write every week, and they, too. Our 
hearts are with them, and they have a good home. Brother and Sister West could 
not be better in looking to their interests. We praise the Lord for all he has done 
for us in this. Do your boys and girls send you frequent letters?" 

" Yes, they write to us, but I have been thinking that it is pretty hard to be sep- 
arated from them for so long at a time, but when I think of you I feel ashamed, and 
keep quiet. Could you not arrange to have them get their education in this country, 
somehow? " Sister Weston was expressing her sympathy now. 

" If you would be a missionary, and if you have children, you might as well, first 
as last, make up your mind to one of two things: either be separated from your chil- 
dren, or be separated from your husband and be with the children, during their latter 

Annual Report 49 

school years. For the sake of both health and morals it is best to be at home for 
school, if arrangement can be made. " 

"Tell me, sister, how do you feel on going home after seven years?" 

" Oh, it is the time of our lives, really. But it takes lots of hard work, packing 
and unpacking, getting ready and getting off, living in trunks and boxes, and no real 
home for practically the whole time. Yet it is a joy like none else. " 

" You know I have been thinking of home, and your talk cheers me up. " 

At this the homesick feeling seemed to vanish, and the good sisters all began to 
talk of retiring. A lantern was placed on the front veranda, and the door left un- 
locked for the men when they would come home from Jitalie. 

Every morning all the folks on the compound get together for prayers, all sitting 
on the floor but the leader. The men went into the town of Anklesvar, visited the 
Municipal High School, which is in its infancy, called on the government doctor, who 
is a Hindu, walked through the municipal building, saw the courthouse and lock-up, 
built on the top of a little hill inclosed by a wall, a veritable old fort, met the mamlat- 
dar (head county officer), who is a genial and friendly man, met the municipal pres- 
ident, who also is an old friend, walked through the crooked streets, went into the 
Bhil sections, and the market, a dirty place, and returned home with the impression 
that you can see a lot in a day, but that you can't learn all that you ought learn about 
a foreign country in less than a full year on the spot. The vernacular schools can be 
heard before they can be seen, from the fact of the habit of studying out loud. The 
boys' mission school and the girls' mission school on the compound were most in- 
teresting because they showed the process of development from raw material into good 
goods better than any of the town schools. 

The Westons both went to a meeting at Bakrol, where Sister Ziegler had been 
in tent for several days. In the daytime she calls on the women, and in the evening 
plays a number of records on the gramophone, after which a good preaching service 
is held for all who gather. Sister Ziegler gave them a good tent supper, which they 
enjoyed, and returned after the meeting, late in the night. 

Special evangelistic week was just beginning as they went to Umalla, and they 
wondered. Brother and Sister Arnold met them at the station, and soon they were 
at Vuli, which is two miles from Umalla. They brought things with them, for there 
is no shop worthy the name in that little country town. But there is a church and 
there are Christian people, good, intelligent farmers, which speaks a lot for the place. 
Moreover, in Umalla and Vuli they were in a native state, but they failed to see any 
difference between native state and British Government, for everything seemed to 
be running smoothly, so far as they could see. At Vuli John wanted to go hunting. 
So he and Bro. Hoffert, with a few native men, set out with gun and dog, for the 
hills near by. These Bhil people are born hunters, so it was difficult to keep the num- 
ber small enough. Bro. Arnold and Bro. Weston went to the fields round about to 
see what the farmers were doing, and the sisters busied themselves in the bungalow. 
Vuli is a quiet, beautiful place — beautiful to those who love rural life, who enjoy sep- 
aration from crowds of people, and who would rather hear the tinkle of distant cow- 
bells than the rattle of heavy wheels over rough and stony roads. That evening in 
February it was cold. The Westons could not but remark that they " thought India 
was a hot country, that every one was in constant danger of being struck down by 
the burning sun, that one never needed wraps or overcoat, but this — this is like it 
was in Pennsylvania many a day in — " 

" Not like a day in January or February, mother. " 

" Oh, no, but like a day in November, or say, perhaps, like a day in April." 

"You see all these children running barefoot in spite of the cold?" 

"Yes; I suppose that should remind us it is not so cold after all." 

" Or else they cannot afford shoes. " 

"Have they a fireplace? — oh, no, how could they have a fireplace inside of a house 

50 Annual Report 

on which there is no chimney! And then their houses are covered with straw or palm- 
leaf thatching; they would soon catch afire, not? " 

" Oh, no, " replied Sister Arnold. " I will have to take you to see the folks when 
they are getting a meal ready. Their little chulas [bakeplace or fireplace, just big 
enough for one vessel] are so interesting. And they are not inclosed, as you would 
expect, but all open, and the smoke just takes care of itself. Come, let us go now. 
It is about the time. I know you would like to see. " 

The two women walked and talked. They called in a number of homes. Sev- 
eral women were living alone, and these expressed themselves in great anxiety as 
to how long this dreadful war would last, because, they said, " Our men have gone to 
the war, and we are so anxious. " 

" Gone to the war! " 

" That is the way they put it. A number have gone to the labor corps, and are 
in Meerut [North India], now. That is far away, to them, and they call it gone to the 
war. Of course, the men send money, but the women have a hard time on what they 
get. " 

As the folks all gathered around the supper table Bro. Arnold remarked, " This 
work is directing me. I am not directing it. " Bro. Weston very quickly responded, 
" Whoever is directing, I notice that you are busy most of the time, anyway. " And 
then they talked of the mission work in the state, and how Ichhabhai, the Indian 
preacher who was with them, and who had become a Christian in Bro. McCann's time, 
was a very helpful and useful worker in the vineyard. Ichhabhai was by birth a Bhil, 
and he knew the Bhil heart perfectly. And then what Bro. Arnold meant in what he had 
said previously was made clear, when he remarked, " If I can get the opinion of Bro. 
Ichhabhai, I think I have what is right, for I trust his opinion in many things more 
than I trust my own. " 

Presently Sister Weston wondered how certain dishes were prepared, and how 
many servants were required in a village like Vuli, and how much danger there really 
was from the sun in this cold weather. Then the conversation turned to home life, 
and to home people, for the missionary often and often thinks of home, and the home 
church. Bro. Arnold and Bro. Hoffert are McPherson men. Sister Arnold comes 
from Iowa. 

" Have you a map, Bro. Arnold? I would like to get a square view of the situa- 
tion here, " said Bro. Weston, in the morning. 

" Yes, we have that. I will go to the school and get it. The state supplied us 
with a good map for nothing. You will like it. " 

After a few minutes the map was hanging on the wall before them, and the con- 
versation never flagged. "How large did you say the state is?" 

"Let's see. You mean the number of square miles, I suppose?" 

"Yes, or any other way. What is the population?" 

" About 150,000 souls. " 

"And you have access to all of these with the Gospel?" 

" That depends on what you mean by access. The number we count accessible 
to the Gospel is by far the greater part of these — say 125,000. " 

"Now another question: Are you reaching them? Is the message being received?" 

" O brother, what shall I answer you? We have a number of Christians — yes. 
And we have a number of workers. But what are these among so many?" 

"How many schools outside this splendid school here in Vuli?" 

"Only fourteen." 

"Why don't you have more? Are the villages supplied? Is the method of school 
work among the people not one of the best eventually for evangelizing? " 

" Brother, it is the teachers we need; it is the preachers we need; it is the mission- 
aries we need. You see how I am on the go all the time. We will be glad when 

Annual Report 51 

Sister Himmelsbaugh comes, for she can do much among the women. The op- 
portunity, the need, is so great around us we hardly know what to do first. " 

" You have Bhils here, the same as at Anklesvar, I think. That makes your 
work nicely link together. As I am beginning to see the situation, the people 
go by cliques; if you understand one, you practically understand his whole clique, 
for they think alike. So your work for the Bhils becomes one work. The whole 
Bhil population of this state, and Anklesvar and the Baroda territory adjacent, 
numbers about — let me see. As I have it now, about 150,000 souls." 

" In round numbers, that is what it is. I am glad you have it, Bro. Weston. " 

"Mother, you see the situation here?" said Bro. Weston to his wife, in a 
meditative attitude. " There are more people here, really accessible to our church 
now, than we have members at home. Do you see it, mother? Do you see it, 
John? The thing takes hold of me. If we go to them and teach them the Way of 
Life, they will walk therein. They won't all be saints to begin with. Most men 
do not begin with sainthood. Most men go blundering along till they really know 
the Lord, and then they quit blundering; then they take hold of life in earnest, 
and then they make good. And God helps them. He helps them mightily. Christ 
becomes manifest in their lives daily. They don't forget him. And these people, 
such a large per cent of whom cannot readl And we can teach them, and we can 
bring life to them, the life which is eternal—" at this the good man was walking 
the floor and apparently talking to himself. "And who are we if we fail to do it? 
Who are we? Who are we?" 

"How long have you been here, Andrew?" said John Snively to Andrew Hof- 
fert, as soon as they had gotten outside the village on a hunt. 

" Oh, here in Vuli about six months and in India a little more than a year now 
it is. But I expect soon to move to Anklesvar. " 

"Have you never gone out hunting before? It seems to me you would die 
the way you stick to your language book. I just couldn't do it. I want to be up 
and doing something, you know. How far do you think we will have to go before 
we see something?'" 

" I have no idea where game is. I don't go hunting for game. I go hunting 
these days for words in the dictionary. I just must get this language. That's my 
business just now, and nothing else. And I will get it, you see if I don't. John, 
have you never thought of having more than a good time in life? Doesn't it ap- 
pear to you that with your life, health and energy, you might be of great serv- 
ice to the world — in the world — if you would set your heart on it? Look right 
here about you at the work that lies undone, the crying need, that need calling, 
calling, calling for men, and there are none to answer the call," said Bro. Hoffert. 

"Well, Andy, are you trying to make a missionary of me!" 

" It seems to me you ought to make something out of yourself, John. I don't 
say you ought to be a missionary. If you are called of God to be, then only you 
ought to be. But it seems to me you ought to be entering some big field of serv- 
ice. These are days when men talk of service, you know. And men everywhere 
are thinking of doing something worth while. Other men are doing things that 
are worth while, and we doing nothing. Does that sound good to you? Do you 
like it? I know you are a good Christian. I know you have a good name in your 
home church, but that does not say a man is giving his life for all that it is 
worth. If one wants to invest in something worth while — " 

" Now say, look here. I think the thing that hurts me most is that people at home 
are always preaching to me, and when I come to India, I come to see the world, and 
not to be preached to. " 

Then was entered in the ever-present notebook, something like this: 

"Raj Pipla State. Most hopeful field. Bro. Ira S. Arnold, 1913; Sister Elizabeth 

52 Annual Report 

Arnold, 1913; Bro. Andrew Hoffert, 1916; Ichhabhai Nersi, preacher. Arnold children, 
Barbara and Raymond. Wanted: More men, more schools, more everything! Be- 
hold, now is the day of salvation!" 

On the evening train of Feb. 21 they returned to Anklesvar, and spent the night 
there. Next morning letters from home came in, and they saw what they always de- 
lighted to see, the joy of the missionary when the mail arrives, but in war time that 
mail comes irregularly, and often not at all, but goes to the bottom of the sea. A 
Christmas card, simple and beautiful, was from the governor of Pennsylvania, at the 
sight of which Bro. Stover remarked, " Most auspicious day, Feb. 22. Many good 
things to our governor. Do you see that unabridged dictionary yonder on the table? 
Through the kindness of the governor! We appreciate an occasional letter from his 
busy office. " 

There were not very many letters, but from their children, Emmert and Miriam 
and James, from Bro. D. L. Miller one as is usual every week, and one or two others, 
Papers? Yes, the Messenger, Visitor, Young People, and (through his brother Mitchell) 
the Missionary Review, World's Work, Geographical Magazine, Sabbath Reading, and 
some others. Letter-day in the mission homes in foreign lands is not only a letter- 
day but it it is a red-letter-day. 

Presently, addressing Sister Stover, Bro. Weston said: "I forgot to note several 
things when I was here before. Will you help me to certain dates?" Now that good 
woman is quite accustomed to helping others to remember things, so she easily sup- 
plied the information: 

" Anklesvar, 200 miles from Bombay, Bro. Wilbur Stover, 1894; Sister Mary Stover, 
1894; Sister Kathryn Ziegler, 1908; Sister Olive Widdowson, 1912; Govindji Khengar, 
preacher; Stover children, Helen and Daniel. Bungalow like a courthouse; people 
coming and going. Not sure whether this is good or not, must wait and see. Field 
white unto the harvest." 

"I have taken a great liking to Kunkubai — is that her name?-— the wife of Bro. 
Govindji, " said Sister Weston, as she entered the bungalow. 

" How did you manage to talk with her? You don't know her language and she 
doesn't know yours, " was the reply. 

" Govindji was translator. We had quite a little chat. Both of them seem to have 
caught the spirit of our church, really, and it makes me feel glad to know them. " 

" Yes, on such young men and women hangs the future of the Indian church. 
When the Indian church exists, and is willing to sacrifice for the love of the Master, 
then the good time coming will be at our doors, " replied Sister Stover. " The picture 
of Kunkubai, as she came into our hands in 1900, a little girl with her little brother, 
she mothering him as long as he lived, will never fade from our memory. When 
asked about her parents tears welled up in her eyes as she replied, 'They have both 
died. ' Kunkubai is now head-mistress in the girls' school. " 

" Speaking of experiences, " said Bro. Stover, " here is one I had that may be 
of interest. I had gone to Poona to spend several days preaching among the Gujerati 
men in the labor corps there, and met a high-caste man who was very friendly, but 
badly addicted to drink. I talked with him, and found him quite willing to listen, and 
admitting even the power of the Lord Jesus to save from sin. Then I proposed that 
we climb the hill back of the camp, and we did. There we went on Sunday afternoon 
into a cave, a sort of a sacred place, and I pressed home the fact that the Lord Jesus 
could save him from all sin, drink and everything else, if he would believe. He hesi- 
tated, and finally said he would accept him as Savior for once and all. We knelt in 
prayer together, he repeating the words after me, sentence by sentence. Then I said, 
* Brother, in this sacred place, on this sacred day, you have made a sacred vow. May 
God help you to keep it. ' He seemed somewhat agitated over the fact of what he 
had really done, but grew confident as we went on, walking and talking. After I re- 
turned home and some weeks had passed I received this postal card: 

Annual Report 


"'Dear Father: I am all right here, very glad by hearing by good father letter. 
Yesterday I got one small excedent. As I had no boots I pain whole night by thorn. 
Mr. Smith Sahib and other gentlemen assisting him are all right. One day many 
SATAN took me in their possession. I was helpless. God away from me. But I 
remember the sacred promises on sacred place on sacred day always. 

" ' Yours obediently, 

" ' Lellubhai J. ' 

" Poor manl What a curse the drink habit isl Evidently he went down again, and 
in answer to my letter to him he confessed the thing in his reply. How we would like 
to wipe out the curse of drink in this landl" 

The visitors decided to return to Bulsar, stopping on the way at Jalalpor for the 
love feast. It was their first opportunity to attend a love feast since they had ar- 
rived. Folks gathered, and one after another they made their acquaintance. The aft- 
ernoon preparatory service was well attended, and they sat through, in quiet patience, 
for they understood nothing but the spirit of the meeting — they easily understood that. 
It was the same spirit that prevails at our love-feast occasions at home, which is very 
good. They had seen the pictures in the Visitor of several of the workers who were 
there, and to sit with them, all together, in a common meal, the meal of the love feast, 
so quiet, so impressive, so reverent, it was different from what they expected, and yet 
just the same. There is something wonderfully winning in the love feast as held by 
the Brethren. The humble service that precedes — that is, the washing of one another's 
feet; then the common meal like unto that of members of one great family, then the 
solemn, quiet partaking of the broken bread and the grape juice in the night, the de- 
votional feelings that attend such meetings are not aroused by preaching, but by the 
practice on such occasions. And the same fine feeling of fellowship which is produced 
by these meetings in one land is produced in like manner in all lands. It is good to see. 

Next morning after the love feast they went out with Hiralal and his wife, Sunder- 
bai, to the village of Machad, where they are now teaching school. The children in 
school number over a hundred. Hiralal and Sunder used to be little tots in the or- 
phanage at Bulsar many years ago, and were special favorites of Sister May Oiler 
(Mrs. Wertz) when she was visiting in these parts. They remember her and some- 
times speak of her visit to them in their childhood. They are of the few who remain 
of Sister Bertha Ryan's time. A number of people have accepted Christ in Machad, 
and the outlook is exceedingly encouraging. 

Bro. Emmert had completed the special evangelistic week's report and gave Bro. 
Weston a copy of it as follows: 

Special Evangelistic Effort. One Week, India, 1918 



a o 

Ahwa I 81 32 48 

Amletha, | 2| 12 21 

Anklesvar, jl5| 891205 

Bulsar | 2| 55| 56 

Dahanu | 2| 60| 60 

Jalalpor, | 4| 201 20 

Vuli | 6| 461 60 

Vada | 3| 73] 20 

Vyara, | 4| 57| 90 



























20,838 119 478|3,838 




54 Annual Report 

People were now setting their faces toward the District Meeting, so the Westons 
and John returned to Bulsar, to rest up a bit and get ready to go also. What, come 
all the way to India and then not go to the Annual Conference of the District! What 
if it is off in an inconvenient quarter! Did they come to India because they were 
looking for convenience? Not these, nor any of the missionaries they had met, though 
they had heard that somebody had dropped the remark that if he wanted a soft snap 
he would be a missionary! The Westons had growing convictions, and they were 

In the wee hours of the morning of March 6 those from Bulsar joined those al- 
ready on the train from Ahwa, Amletha, Anklesvar, Jalalpor, Vuli and Vyara, going 
to Palghar, sixty-seven miles south from Bulsar. At Dahanu recruits were added. At 
Palghar, carts for the remaining thirty miles. And what carts! Old, rusty-looking 
oxcarts, about which the owners had no feeling but you'11-have-to-make-the-best- 
of-it. Well, all the rolls of bedding were packed into several carts, and people into 
the others. Some preferred the tonga to the oxcart. Now the tonga is always pref- 
erable to the oxcart, for it has springs beneath and horses in front, but it costs more. 
The Westons were fortunate in getting a tonga. And the beginning of the journey 
seemed auspicious. But you can never tell from that. 

The company that reached Manor, a sort of halfway station, in the forenoon had 
lunch there together. Everything they needed had been prepared and taken with them, 
so they lunched and chatted while the drivers changed horses. Soon again setting out 
they continued hard at it until they reached Vada — glad to be at their journey's end — 
rather late for dinner. The poor men coming in oxcarts did not get there till way 
after dark. It seemed cruel to have a District Meeting thirty miles from the railway, 
but that was the way of it in 1918. 

Tuesday morning: everybody happy; missionaries, delegates, visitors, hosts. In- 
dications for a good meeting favorable. The forenoon went as it does at such meet- 
ings at home, in various programs, all of which were much appreciated, even by the 
people who could not understand. They studied the situation meanwhile. Here were 
a group of missionaries and a group of Indian Christian workers, all mixed up to- 
gether on programs and in sub-committees, completing the preparation of reports for 
the morrow, when the D. M. proper would begin. That night meeting was one to 
see. The people of the town had been invited. They do not take much interest in an 
ordinary council meeting or even in a District Meeting, not much more than other 
people find interest in such things at home. But while a special program of song was 
announced, and the people invited, they came. All available space was occupied, and 
the songs ran on. And what songs were they? The story of the Gospel in song, the 
life of Christ in song, together with explanation. These explanations sometimes be- 
came the most pointed sort of preaching imaginable, but as it all goes with the song, 
the non-Christian people enjoyed it, as even the Christians did. That song meeting ran 
late into the night. 

The Westons found it most excellent to mix up with our missionaries, just to be 
one of them for the time. William said to his wife that night, "I saw today what 
none else saw, I think. But it did me good. An older missionary was standing close 
by one of those of later years to come to the field, when the older put his arm about 
the other's neck and said: 'I am glad for you.' The other said, 'Yes? Why?' 
Reply: 'It seems you are making good.' To which he said, 'God knows that's what 
I am here for. ' And without further words both brushed away tears of sympathy and 
joy. I saw, Mary, and I was glad down deep in my heart. " 

Bro. Kaylor and Bro. Snively soon became known as the two Johns, and they 
took an apparent fancy to each other. John the elder told John the younger that 
evening as they went upstairs: "John, I wish I could have yoii here with me this 
whole year. " And when John the younger asked why, John the elder laughed, and 
that was all he said. 

Annual Report 55 

Wednesday morning at the appointed hour the D. M. assembled. Roll call of the 
delegates ran like this: Amletha one, Ahwa one, Anklesvar three, Jalalpor one, Dah- 
anu one, Bulsar three, Vuli two, Vada one, Vyara three. On the third ballot Bro. J. 
B. Emmert was elected moderator. Bro. Ira Arnold was elected English secretary, 
Bro. Govindji Kanghar was elected Gujerati secretary, and Bro. Jivan Bhonsle, Mar- 
athi secretary. 

The churches elect their delegates, the number according to the size of the con- 
gregations. These, and the missionaries who have been on the field more than three 
years, constitute the voting power of the conference. The first question to come up 
was a deferred question, one with respect to marriage and divorce. It is as hard 
to dispose of in India as it is in the homeland. 

The Temperance Committee had not much to report, save " report progress, " but 
to a number present this was not enough. A committee was appointed for the time to 
help the regular committee to get something going at once. Together they made up 
some recommendations for the churches, which were passed, and which the churches 
will do well if they follow, and then put themselves on record as follows: 

"The Church of the Brethren, assembled in Conference at Vada, India, March 7, 
1918, recognizing the constantly increasing evils arising from the liquor business, hereby 
express themselves as being definitely and clearly opposed to the whole [here the 
word accursed was in the original draft, but in the discussion it was thought best to 
be as moderate as possible, and so it was cut out] traffic, as, living among the people 
we are constantly witnessing its destructive effect on both soul and body of large 
numbers of people. 

" We accordingly request the Gujerat Missionary Conference to call attention of 
all the missions represented, to the present need of temperence agitation, and to urge 
hearty and united action with respect to the liquor question. 

" Further, we request the Gujerat Missionary Conference to approach the United 
Conference of Missions on the subject, with a view of taking any advanced position 
possible, as may seem wise to them. 

" Further, that we humbly beseech the government, through our several collectors, 
to encourage any movement leading to the abolition of the whole traffic." 

The paragraphs were voted on separately and then passed as a whole. The con- 
ference was sure of itself on this question, to say the least! 

The committee report of the Sunday-school work was always interesting, because 
it presents the whole field, and shows village for village what is being done. The 
table is a long one, and represents a great deal of patient labor on the part of the 
S. S. Secretary. On the basis of Front Line S. S. the report is made up from year 
to year, and for 1918 the sum total was as follows: Towns and villages, 73; regular, 
53; in the year 12 months, 40; kept a careful record, 56; took collections regularly, 55; 
amount collected, Rs. 1,493; given to missions, 742. Total number of teachers, 126; 
total pupils, 2,210; average attendance, 1,598; number of those baptized during the 
year, 187; number of Christians living in these villages and towns, 1,277. Of these, 
in S. S., 844; prepared for examination, 45; teachers' meeting, 25; in teacher-training 
classes, 62. Number passed, 45; number taking S. S. examination, 650; number passed, 
484. But this represents the work of 1917. For that of 1918 we will have to wait till 
the end of the year. 

Then there passed the meeting a proposition to create a Standing Committee, 
consisting of the elder of each congregation and one or two selected representatives 
of each congregation; that these should get together, whenever they felt there was 
need, and make recommendations on such questions as it was necessary to dispose 
of, such recommendations being an expression of the consensus of opinion, and noth- 
ing in the nature of a rule. A good idea. Too many rules spoil the meeting just like 
too many cooks spoil the broth. 

The Educational Report took some time, but the interesting thing, or better say, 
that which clearly grows in interest from year to year, was the missionary meeting. 
It was a year of hard time. It was a year of war. Every one was praying for peace, 
and the massacre of the Armenians continued! Bro. Kaylor said that the question 





































56 Annual Report 

of giving a twentieth came before their council meeting, but after discussion it was 
dropped, the times being too hard. The roll call of the churches was awaited with 
especial interest. As the names were called out they were written on the blackboard, 
and the delegate from each church brought the money up to the table and placed it 
there, saying how much he had brought. When all were called, and all amounts were 
written, everyone tried to see who could add it up first. It seemed as if this giving 
was a great part of the game, and all wanted to have a hand in it. Then there was a 
general collection, which also was written down. After the total had been read out 
and written on the board, all rose and sang, " Praise God, from whom all blessings flow," 
and all felt that the blessings were flowing. " It is good to be here, it is good to 
be here, " said Bro. Weston. After the meeting he asked if he could get the report 
of the gifts of the several previous years, as he wished to place them side by side in 
his notebook, with the gifts of this year. He was told that the secretary would be 
able to supply this as the records were all in the book. This is what he got: 


Ahwa, Rs. 75 

Amletha, 25 

Anklesvar, 206 

Bulsar, 230 

Dahanu, 206 

Jalalpor, 170 

Vada, 50 

Vuli, 160 

Vyara, 275 


General col., 109-5 

1,506-5 1,414-12 1,295-8 1,182- 

Here and there Bro. Weston picked up bits of conversation^ 

Bro. Ross: "Say, did you read in the Bible Society report how a missionary in 
Africa found the word for Savior? He was climbing a ladder, and one of the native 
people standing by said that he ought not to trust that ladder. There was the word. " 

Bro. Long: "Several of our men were out preaching temperance, when a man 
with eight bottles of liquor in his possession stopped to listen. The message went to 
a sure place, and the man destroyed every bottle then and there I" 

Bro. Stover: "During special evangelistic week, our men sold a Gospel to a shep- 
herd boy, who could read. But his father couldn't. The boy showed it to his father, 
who told him it was a book of other people's religion, and not intended for them. 
Whereupon the boy brought it back. Then our men suggested that they had a book 
just suited for shepherds, and read a bit from the tenth of John. This pleased the boy 
much, and the Gospel of John was given him in exchange for the Gospel of Matthew. " 

Bro. Emmert: " In one school among the fishermen the teacher has gotten fifty 
of the men and boys to subscribe for the Prakash Patra. Wouldn't that make the 
editor smile if many teachers would do as well? " 

Sister Widdowson: "Some men had been baptized in the village of Mor Talav. 
Half an hour after, one who was a Christian, but had not been working at it very 
hard, came up to one of these. He was wearing some little Hindu beads around his 
neck, and they began to chide him about it. One said, * Let me take them off, ' and 
not objecting, off they came. I have them, and expect to take them home with 
me when I go. " 

Bro. Arnold: "Several of our men were out holding meetings, and one night 
they made special prayer that some one might cry out, 'What shall I do to be saved?' 
And if this happened, they would take it as a sign that God was working with them. 
The meeting closed. No one responded to the invitation. Then they dismissed, 
feeling a bit discouraged, and again went to prayer after the crowd had gone. Several 
men stood watching them. They arose from prayer, and asked the men to sit down, 

Annual Report 57 

when they spoke out, saying earnestly, 'Brothers, what shall we do to be saved?'" 

Bro. Emmert: "I like to think of the coming of the Lord as probable at any 
time. I find it a great help to my spiritual life. And I look upon this belief as a very 
important one indeed. " 

Bro. Garner: "A man bought two tracts, 'Religion Weighed,' and 'Christianity 
and Hinduism Compared.' He stopped work for two days and studied them; then 
he bought a Bible, and gave the tracts to others to readl" 

In India, with all its different castes and different languages, and consequently 
different tastes, whenever any cosmopolitan meeting is held it becomes a question of 
how to cater so as to please all. At Vada all took their plates and went to the cook- 
house and got what was provided. Then each went where he liked and sat down to 
dine. Thus the lumber yard became the central dining hall. Everyone seemed to 
enjoy himself with the plan. There was no dissenting voice. 

There was a feeling of sadness in the hearts of all, from the fact that Sister 
Kaylor had helped to plan for the meeting, and had looked forward with much interest 
to the day of its coming, but she passed away in October before. How greatly one 
is missed is not measured by the outward expression of words — not generally. Sister 
Kaylor was loved by all, was missed by all. 

The D. M. over, the missionaries turned their attention to committee work. In 
the morning, after a period of very pleasant devotional exercises together, and be- 
fore the committee work had properly begun, Bro. Weston began pursuing his man- 
ner of inquiry. He had been to the north end of the field, to the center of it, and 
Vada is to the south end, so he felt he was getting his bearings. 

The Indian Christians went home Thursday morning. The missionaries remained 
another day, and went after that. The Westons and John Snively continued their 
visit with the brethren at Vada for several days, that they might see and know more 
of that part of the mission field. 

They had been awhile at Bulsar and all parts north, in Gujerat, but they now were 
in Marathi country. People are different, but not much apparently, for the visitor 
who can't speak the language finds all languages much alike. It is all alike Greek 
to him. Show an Indian schoolboy, who hasn't begun English yet, a Greek Testament, 
and he will most probably remark that it is English. So much depends on one's view- 

The Mission. house is close to the courthouse. A new church has just been com- 
pleted, and the D. M. was held therein. It is near by, on the roadside, and in a most 
public place. Officials and people are all very friendly, too. Land has just been se- 
cured for Christian houses — "lines" they are called — farther out where there is more 
room, and more open air, and it is hoped to have buildings erected as needed, both 
for the boarding school and for teachers and for others. 

Among other things, Bro. Weston wrote in his notebook: 

" Vada, twenty-nine miles east of Palghar, thirty-three miles north of Kalyan. Sta- 
tion opened by Bro. Stephen Berkebile, and Nora, 1905. Sister Josephine Powell, 1907; 
Bro. John Kaylor, 1911; Bro. Holly P. Garner, 1916; Sister Kathryn Garner, 1916." 

" Since I have the figures of the population, and am getting to all the stations to 
see the people and the missionaries, I think I am getting hold of the situation," spoke 
Bro. Weston to Brethren Kaylor and Garner one evening. "These figures tremendous- 
ly* interest me: 

Anklesvar and Raj Pipla 100,000 Bhils 

Jalalpor and Bulsar 100,000 Dodias and Dublas 

Dahanu and Palghar 100,000 Varleys 

" Of course, they are not exact, but they are on the safe side of the estimate. 
Just think of it! These people have no religious teacher worthy the name. We are 
their only hope of finding the Way, the Truth, and the Life. And for the most part 

58 Annual Report 

our members don't seem to be bothering themselves about it. As if, when they had 
sent a few missionaries and a few dollars, they had done their part. Oh, no, no, there 
is yet much to be done! Really, the work is only ready to begin in good earnest. I 
am glad I have seen this field. I am right glad. " 

" And you have seen only a part of the field, " they reminded him. 

" I guess that is so. I want to go to Dahanu and Vyara next, and then out to see 
that hill country where Bro. Pittenger has done such good work. My head hurts. 
I don't know why, either. " 

At Dahanu everybody seemed busy. Sister Anna Eby, with her Bible woman, was 
spending day after day among the simple village women, telling them the story of the 
Bible, and teaching all who would listen to the message. Sister Barbara Nickey, 
M. D., and Sister Mary Royer were ever busy with their work in the dispensary. What a 
lot of people seemed to have complaints! And the Lichtys were always busy with 
building work or something, so that John became impressed with the thought that 
nobody had time to sit down and talk for the sake of talking, or to go somewhere just 
for the sake of going. He would say to himself, sometimes, " How is this? Mis- 
sionaries are just like other people, yet I do not seem to measure up to their standard. 
There is something the matter with the whole lot of them, or there is something the 
matter with me. " While these thoughts came winding in and out, like a silver thread, 
he was not ready to admit anything to anybody. 

The Westons also presently came to Dahanu. Here is where Bro. Adam and 
Sister Alice Ebey spent about fourteen years of their lives, and they have left a good 
impression. Adam is known as the "surgeon-sahib" all over the neighborhood. Some 
things in India change very rapidly. The Mission Field Committee were hard pressed 
to know what to do when the Ebeys went home on furlough, for no man was available 
to take Adam's place. Finally the Lichtys, even though they could scarcely be spared 
from the work in Raj Pipla State, were asked to go to Dahanu, and take care of the 
work there, in a different language. And to this they volunteered to remain longer 
than their time of furlough, for we must work these things with one another as best 
we can. 

"How far are we from the sea, Bro. Lichty?" asked Sister Weston. 

" It is only two miles from here. The little town clustering about the railway sta- 
tion is called Malyan, and the town at the seaside, where the officials of the taluka re- 
side, is called Dahanu. We used to write Dahanu Road, but now it is shortened down 
to Dahanu. It is a good climate here. The seashore is beautiful. We must take a 
trip in that direction one day. " 

"Who are the people where your mission work shows itself?" 

"You must visit the schools to see the process of development, where something 
is made out of nothing, as we sometimes say, " replied Bro. Lichty. 

" Have you any mission school in the town of Dahanu itself? " 

" No.- There are government schools, and we feel like avoiding seeming antago- 
nism, especially when there are many places open to school work where there is no 
government school at all. We have a nice school here in Malyan. Shall we go on 
a tour of inspection this afternoon?" 

" I want to get all I can, see all I can, and learn all I can. Take me anywhere, 
show me anything that is worth seeing. I am here for that only, " was the reply. 

In the afternoon they went to Malyan to visit the mission school. Good interest 
was manifested by all, and apparently good work was being done. The teachers are 
all Christians — three teachers. The Dahanu tongas had gone to the station and were 
returning, several of them empty. A trip to the seaside was suggested, a tonga bar- 
gained for, and off they went. How these tonga men do drive! They seem to think 
their whole life depends on getting one there quickly, in spite of the fact that the pas- 
senger sits quietly in the tonga, pained by the treatment the horses receive at the 
hands of the driver. 

Annual Report 59 

" Bro. Lichty, what have you to say as to the outlook here? How do you feel 
about the whole work? You are a Gujerati. How does this Marathi field look to you? 
If you don't mind telling me, why, I'd be glad to know. " 

" I like it. The outlook is good. The common people, of whom the Lord made 
so many in India, are around about us here, and they look upon us as friends. Per- 
sonally, however, most of my time has been put in building work since coming here. 
You have seen the carpenters and builders at work. One thing we do need, it appears 
to me, is a man who can give all his time to directing work of that kind, who is an 
architect indeed. There is a lot of building ahead of us as a mission, " replied Bro. 

"Then missionaries don't spend all their time in preaching and praying?" 

" No, brother, there is so much of every kind of thing to be done, which comes 
to a missionary, that sometimes it seems preaching is the one thing he does not do. 
But in everything N is preaching — if you view it that way — and we are at it all the time. 
Not in sermons, as at home, but in perpetual effort, our time goes." 

" Do you feel that you are in a winning cause? While I am getting the statistics 
as I go, I think it is what you all hold, that statistics don't tell all. Am I right? " 

" You certainly are. The figures and tables tell their story, but the big end of 
the story is not told by the statistical tables. But do I feel we are in a winning cause? 
Are we on the right side of the fight? We certainly are, and we are bound to win. 
Why, Bro. Weston, if I did not believe that with all my heart, how long do you think 
Nora and I would stay? How long do you think any of us would stay? The joy of 
doing a big work is our joy, and that for God and humanity. I think everyone of us 
would tell you the same thing. " 

Among other things this went in the notebook: 

Dahanu is well located for several reasons, health, railway, etc. Situ- 
ated on the King's Highway to the state of Jawar. A rest bungalow 
on the seaside might be good. 

Dahanu is on the border line of the two languages, Gujerati and Marathi, so that 
one can use either. But it is bad for the student of one to be hearing the other all 
the time. The supposed border line, or rather, let us say, the political border line, 
is between the two districts, Surat and Thana, — between the talukas, Pardi and Dah- 
anu. The river between is called "the Ganges of Daman," and Daman is a bit of 
Portuguese territory north of the river and west of the railway. It is governed by 
the Portuguese still, and is not open to Protestant mission work. The Varley people 
are shy and illiterate. We would say they are dwellers in their jungle huts, and are 
jungly. But they present an inviting mission field. 

" Bro. Weston, " said Sister Eby one evening, " you have seen us go out in the 
middle of the day, and although it is getting hotter and hotter, yet we do not take 
the night for it. Did you ever wonder why?" 

" No. I had not thought of it, " said that good man in reply. 

" Well, you know in the Bhil country they have night meetings, way late, and 
we here in this part have midday meetings often and often. The reason for ours is 
the same as the reason for theirs — that is the time we find the people. " 

"Now that is queer, isn't it? How do you account for it?" 

" Custom. The people generally remain in during the heated part of the day, and 
that is the time we can get them for a talk. I think they have pretty good judgment, 
don't you?" 

Bro. Weston smiled as he replied in the affirmative, and looked towards the big 
sun topis of himself and wife hanging on the hat rack. He had as great respect for 
the sun now as any of them. But it is interesting, how one people can best be found 
in the night, late, and another in the midday, and both farming classes, or common 
servants, cither to farmers or others. But when you can find them is the time to go 
after them. 

60 Annual Report 

"If you will excuse us, Sister Lichty, " said Sister Weston, "we think we will re- 
turn to Bulsar now, as we must go to Vyara and then to Ahwa for the Durbar. I 
think Bro. Lichty won't mind if we go now, will he?" 

" Oh, no, " replied the good woman. " Dan won't care. Though we would be glad 
to have you stay longer, we want you to feel at home with us, so as to come and go 
just whenever you please. " 

The Westons went to Bulsar, and then to Vyara, where they were, as everywhere 
else, given a hearty welcome. " We thought you were not coming, " said Sister Long, 
apologetically, as she bade them welcome to the Mission bungalow and home. And 
that evening, as he read the Scripture lesson and talked of the love of God, with their 
interesting family of children gathered close to him and sitting on the floor, as our 
Indian-born children often prefer to do on such occasions, it seemed to him the 
Scripture never spoke more plainly. Yes, it is the Scripture experience over again. 
And when Bro. Weston kneeled down and led the prayers in that Evening service he 
felt his heart drawn out towards God in an unusual manner. 

Next morning Bro. Long said, "Well, brother, I am at your service. What will 
you have me to do?" 

To which he replied, " I think you had better tell me. I know what I want in 
the abstract, and you know what I want in the concrete. Now deal it out to me, and 
I will take it just as you administer it to me. " 

" Well, let's walk about the place and look it over. That garden will give many a 
boy an appetite, and then it supplies the need later. The boys do all the gardening — 
the schoolboys, you know. I just have a man to oversee, and they do the work. 
That is good for them, for they must learn how to farm and garden. " 

"How many acres have you here, all told?" 

"About twelve acres, and for this work we need a lot more. The price of land 
is increasing, too." 

"Where do the boys come from? Are their parents living?" 

" Yes, for the most part their parents are living. An orphanage is a necessity, 
sometimes, but a boarding, with children who can go back to their homes, and tell 
what they are learning in the schohol, is much to be preferred. " 

" How many boys in the boarding school, Bro. Long? " 

" We have seventy-five at present. " 

"Doing good work, are they?" 

" Yes, brother, that is the point- — not how many, but how well. There are two 
in the sixth, five in the fifth, ten in the fourth book, and the lower grades, of course, 
are fuller. I think the hope of our mission work is wrapped up in the preparation of 
good, reliable men, to whom the work may be entrusted. " 

"That is doubtless true. It makes my heart glad to see the way you men are 
going at your work over here. You know I believe there is a great field for our little 
church in the world, and we have a call, if we know it. " 

Bro. Long: "The great curse in this locality is drink. We may go where we 
will, and see the evil results of it. Men make good resolves about leaving it off, and 
then under pressure of friends fall right down again. Not a few of those we have 
baptized have been tempted above that they were able to bear, seemingly, and drank 
again. Perhaps the greatest hindrance to all development — and surely the greatest 
hindrance to our religious work — is the drink. I would give anything to stop it. " 

Bro. Weston: "We are making good progress at home now." 
. Bro. Long: "Yes, that is splendid. And then we hope that America will lead 
the world in the great crusade for prohibition, and that even India will reap some 
of the good resulting therefrom." 

" Bro. Long, the brethren have been telling me that you are the school committee- 
man, and that you have all the names of the boys and girls — may I call them? — wh< 
are now in school on scholarships, given by the Mission. Can you give me such 

Annual Report 61 

list? I would like to keep their names, and as the years go by, watch for the names 
of those whom you love and trust in the mission work, and who love and trust you. 
Don't you think it a good idea?" 

" Yes, sir, I can have that list ready in a shor.t time. You will be surprised at 
how long the list is, and how scattered the students are, but we are doing the best 
we can, brother, in our attempts to enlarge the kingdom of God. " 

And Bro. Weston went on: "Can you tell me, in your estimation, what is the 
thing most needed, in mission work? I mean now, generally speaking — in mission 
work throughout the world. What would apply here ought equally well to apply to 
any other part of the world. Is there anything which can be said to be of universal 

" Yes, sir, I think there is. In my humble opinion, that thing is the preparation 
of men on the field, native men if you please, though we try to avoid the use of the 
word native, it has been used so often to belittle the people. The preparation of good 
men on the field, of men who will not be foreign missionaries, but who will be home 
missionaries in their own land — this I consider to be of the greatest importance in 
mission work. And I think it applicable alike to all countries wherever they may be. 
But it is a long road to travel. " 

" If I understand it, Bro. Long, there is no short road in missions. I am the 
child of Christian parents. Their parents, and theirs, were good and true members 
of our own church. And how much effort it took to bring me to where even now I 
am — why, I blush to think of it. Yes, I agree with you, there is no short cut to suc- 
cessful mission work. " 

Sister Weston went with Sister Sadie Miller to the girls' school, just across the 
road from the mission bungalow, and they two were chatting as they went. It is a 
nice new stone building, without any upstairs, but well arranged, the building for the 
boarding girls at Vyara. Sister Miller spends a good deal of time with the girls. She 
was telling about the different girls who were there; how some of them refused to 
go away, even though relatives offered them bribes to do so; how the work was ca- 
pable of indefinite expansion; how many of the upper classes were friendly to us, 
but not all, and how she enjoyed the work for the Master in this land. 

Sister Weston: "But really, don't you get lonely at times?" 

Sister Miller: "Oh, dear, no. How could we? We haven't time for that. Why, 
we are just as busy as we can be. Who said we were lonely?" 

Sister Weston: "No one said so. But my heart does go out for you girls. The 
married folks have each other, but you — " 

Sister Miller: "We have our work. And then we have each other, too. Our 
recent decision of Committee is that it should be the policy of the Mission to have 
two Miss Sahibs at each station. We have eight stations. We ought to have ten. 
Ten times two are twenty. You wouldn't think of twenty having anything of a lone- 
ly time, would you?" 

"I admire your pluck. You enjoy your work here? Oh, I need not ask you 
that. Your work is prospering, is it, as you would like to see it?" 

" It certainly is prospering, and the outlook is as bright — was it Carey who said 
it? — 'bright as the promises of God.'" 

"Are you glad to go home? Your furlough is due, William was telling me." 

"Why, yes, I am glad and I am sorry. I am glad to go and see my home folks — 
who does not enjoy that? — and glad for a change to a Christian country, and to a 
cool climate. But I am also sorry. I am sorry to leave this work. As it is, this 
work will have to be handed over to Sister Long, who is able enough for it, as far 
as that goes, but where will she get the time? Her hands are full already. Everyone 
of us has his limitations, don't we?" 

Bro. Weston made entries in his notebook: 

" Vyara, thirty-eight miles from Surat, east, Baroda Territory. Bro. I. S. Long, 

62 Annual Report 

1903; Sister Effie Long, 1903; Sister Sadie Miller, 1903; Esther, Albert, Magdalene and 
Elizabeth. Nathalal Mahadev, preacher." 

The next day the men went to the town of Vyara, called on friends everywhere, 
saw the schools, the people, the town, the government buildings, the distillery (what 
a blessing it would be if it were turned into a shoe shop!), and when they returned 
it was about noon. Then the mail came. Bro. Weston said: " Bro. Long, what 
did you tell me was your definition of a call? What was your own personal call to 
India as a missionary? Can you tell me?" 

"Why, yes; knowledge of the Lord's will for the world, and knowledge of the 
needs of the world — this was the call I had. Study of comparative needs of foreign 
and home mission fields determined the matter for me. You were asking for a list 
of the names of the scholarship pupils, where they are, ages, cost, etc. Would you 
like it now?" 

" Yes, I take all I can get, just whenever I can get it. That is fair, isn't it? " 

Scholarship Students in Training, 1918 

I. Gujeratis 

Middle School Brethren Mission, Bulsar 

Monthly Annual 

Name Age Scholarship Cost 

1. Nanji Kalidas, 15 Rs. 10 $33 

2. Suleman Soma, 15 10 33 

3. John Budda, .16 10 33 

4. Theophil Ganu, ■ 15 10 33 

5. Hanuk Raghav 15 10 33 

High School, Government, Bulsar 

6. Shiva Nana, 18 Rs. 12-8 $ 42 

7. Mulji Vahalji, 18 12-8 42 

Wilson College, Free Church of Scotland, Bombay 

8. Vira Vahalji Soloniki 21 30 100 

Teacher-Training College, Irish Presbyterian, Ahmadebad 

9. Renchord Ramabhai, .25 Rs. 20-8 $ 68 

10. Jiva Kersonbhai, 22 20-8 68 

11. Sunder Vakhan, 25 20-8 68 

12. Jina Jetha, 21 20-8 68 

13. Shivalal Lila, 26 20-8 68 

14. Nagar Bhanji, 25 20-8 68 

Teacher-Training, Government, Ahmadebad 

15. Janilal Moti, 20 Rs. 10 $ 33 

16. Chagan Viraji 25 10 33 

17. Motilal Natha, 20 10 33 

18. Gowal Chhela 20 10 33 

Teacher-Training College, American Methodist, Godhra 

19. Shanti Mitha,f 16 Rs. 10 $ 33 

20. Martha Mohun,f 16 10 33 

21. Miriam Asha,f 16 9 27 

22. Miriam Jiva,f 16 9 27 

23. Dani Narsing,t 16 9 27 

Mission High School, Irish Presbyterian, Surat 

24. Rupa Dhanji,f 16 Rs. 9 $ 27 

25. Elizabeth Lellu,t 16 9 27 

Medical School, American Presbyterian, Miraj 

26. Raguel Bhanabhai, 24 Rs. 20 $80 

II. Marathis 

Women's Christian Medical College, Ludhiana 

27. Rajas R anadive,f ....23 Rs. 27 $90 

t Girls. 

Annual Report 63 

Mission Middle School, C. & M. S., Nasik 

28. Mallan Pol.f 16 Rs. 5 $ 17 

29. Mallan Edke,f 16 5 17 

30. Grace Pol,f 16 5 17 

31. Ratan Gangade.f 16 5 17 

Mission High School, A. B. C. F. M., Ahmadnagar 

32. Samuel Salve 22 Rs. 10 $33 

Middle School, A. B. C. F. M., Ahmadnagar 

33. Bhau Gaekwad 17 ' Rs. 6 $ 20 

34. Sumathi Gaekwad.t 19 6 20 

35. Premanand Gangade, 18 6 20 

Mission High School, A. B. C. F. M., Bombay 

36. Dinker Ranadevi 19 Rs. 8 $ 24 

37 Raguel Ranadevi, 15 8 24 

Mission Middle School, A. B. C. F. M., Bombay 

38. Bhau Ranadive, 21 Rs. 8 $ 24 

39. Sushilla Ranadevi,f 13 8 24 

40. Prabaker Randevi 14 6 20 

41. Paduker Ranadevi 12 6 20 

Mission Middle School, Free Church of Scotland, Poona 

42. Indiara Kupta,f 12 5 17 

t Girls. 

Bro. Weston: "This whole district represents those who are in training now, 
somewhere or other, but it does not mean that this is the whole list, does it?" 

Bro. Long: "No, sir, only those who are on scholarship. The number in our 
own boarding schools and village schools is a different matter altogether. We have 
this plan, that when a student passes sixth grade, if his character is good, and he has 
both desire and ability to go on, we back him up with scholarship. Of course they 
are all Christians, and with but a few exceptions, members of the Brethren church. " 

" How many mission workers, mission agents, have you now in the whole field 
who have passed, say, a high school course, or its equivalent? Can you tell?" 

" Oh, yes; three men have finished the high school and then the Government Train- 
ing College in Ahmadebad, where we have others now, you see doing the same work. 
Also three women. Two others did well in high school and went to college, where at 
the end of the freshman year one failed. Yes, and that reminds me. I did not tell 
you we have the rule, that when any one fails to pass that is the end of his scholar- 
ship. If he wishes to go on he must pay his own expenses that year; that is, if he 
does that year's work over again, he must do it without mission aid. Then for the 
next year he may again get aid in the form of a scholarship. The examinations are 
quite severe. The rule is a necessity, however, and it works well." 

"On what conditions are these scholarships given?" 

" We have changed that several times. At first we held that every boy who went 
into it should do as we do — for life. But that does not please, exactly. Now it is that 
the number of years of scholarship should regulate the number of years of service 
which the Mission requires, and after that, of course, welcome the service and com- 
panionship in the work, but have nothing obligatory about it. " 

" I think that you have a plan with merits in it. Really, I wish I were a young 
man again. I think. I would like nothing better than to be a missionary." 

" But I have not yet finished that list of our men. Let me see — I mentioned three 
women and five men. Several others did part work, but none completed it. " 

There was Bro. Hoffert on his way to Bombay to meet the new missionaries, and 
John went too. That missionary party was the kind to see. One returning, five new, 
and a baby. 

Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, R. N., 1908; Bro. Howard Alley, 1918; Sister Hattie 

64 Annual Report 

Alley, 1918; Sister Ella Ebbert, 1918; Sister Anetta Mow, 1918; Sister Lillian Grisso, 
1918; Baby Lawrence. 

Several other missionaries went also to meet the party, as everybody is exceeding 
well pleased when a good party of missionaries arrive, and it is not far to Bombay. 
The Alleys and Sister Ebbert came to Dahanu for a short time before going to the 
hills for hot weather and language study. Sisters Mow and Grisso came to Bulsar for 
a short time, then went to the hills for language study. Sister Himmelsbaugh came 
to Anklesvar, where she had lived before, and packed up for Umalla-Vuli, where her 
work had been assigned. 

The time for the spring love feast at Anklesvar was nigh at hand. People came to 
this big meeting in carts, and people came walking, mostly walking. For the great 
majority of the people of India are poor. 

In the preparatory services the preacher pressed the need for separation from 
sin, for freedom from sin, and for a constant daily imbibing from the life of Jesus 
into our lives. At the close of the service, when the preacher asked all who had fall- 
en into some form of sin or other, and who had not made it right with God, to stand, 
up went one after another till there were ninel John thought, "I wonder what mis- 
chief they have been into," as he looked into the serious faces of the men, as they 
stood in silence, waiting. Then all knelt down and there was a period of earnest 
prayer, after which the meeting was dismissed. Then the men who had confessions 
to make came one after another into a room to meet the officials, or some of them 
who were there for the purpose. It gives a man a good conscience to tell on him- 
self, and to ask advice from others. In each case prayer was made for the person 
making confession, and he also prayed. Two cases were confession of adultery, and 
when prayer was offered, those having made confession also prayed with tears. Both 
were advised to be present at the love feast, but not to partake of the communion. 
This was a new idea to John, who had not been in the habit of interesting himself 
in the inner workings of the church, but he felt it was fair. 

In the evening, as the schoolroom was too small and the prayer-room was too 
small, and the new church had not yet been begun, all assembled under the protecting 
branches of a big, wide-spreading peepul tree, on the ground. How impressive was 
that meeting, in the full light of the moon, as 150 persons were seated " about the 
tables, " and 150 more were seated close by, and the occasional reminder was given 
that on this very night we celebrate Christ's supper in the upper room with his dis- 
ciples, we recall the agony in the garden, and the betrayal; doubly so, because on the 
night previous to Good Friday, the day we remember as the day of crucifixion. 

After the feast some of the people went home. Mothers tucked their babies away, 
so they would be comfortable, and all who wished entered into a hearty hymn-singing 
and prayer. Sometimes such after-the-love-feast services have continued till the morn- 
ing, but this night it closed at eleven o'clock. 

Easter came on the 31st of March. That day eleven were baptized at Anklesvar, 
among them being Helen Stover, aged eight, and Shanti Dalichand, aged nine, these 
two little girls being heartily fond of each other. In April, Bro. Ross, at Bulsar, had 
the joy of baptizing Esther Long, Angeline Pittenger, and Nina Ross, his own daugh- 
ter, all under ten. Later also, at Jalalpor, Lloyd Emmert and his sister Anna, aged 
eleven and eight, respectively, were baptized. This is part of the compensation of the 
service. The missionaries see their own children coming into the fold in their tender 
years, and growing to love the church, even as a child loves a tender mother. Com- 
menting on this, Bro. Weston one time said that all the time he was among the mis- 
sionaries in India he never heard one word spoken disparagingly of the church. The 
result was only what might be expected. 

A trip to Ahwa was next planned by the Westons and John. Early in the morning 
the start was made to climb the last and largest hills so as to reach Ahwa as early 
in the day as possible. It was only nine miles as the crow flies, but the sun rises 

Annual Report 65 

y, too, in April, so when they at last reached Ahwa it was fully one o'clock, and 
nile yet a great way off they saw the Bloughs standing in the door of the bungalow, 
listening for the tinkle of the coming oxen bells. 

" Welcome, and welcome again. " These were the words that greeted the visitors. 
" I suppose you wondered why so many carts, but now you see. We are building a 
little church yonder, and while wood is all about us, we need more than wood. " 

Bro. Weston: "We are certainly glad to be with you. We have often read, as 
you know, about this station away out in the jungle, on the hills, and now we un- 
derstand. Are you as well as you look? You are looking all right, surely." 

Bro. Blough: "Yes, when all is said and done, this is not a bad place to live. Of 
course, it is rather difficult of access even now, but it is much better than before that 
little railway was built. Then we either set out in oxcarts, from Bilimora or Bulsar 
or Vyara. That was a long journey those days. " 

John: "I tell you what I would like. I wish we could go out to that high hill 
east, and get up to the top of it. Can we? " 

Bro. Blough: "Yes, we can do that. But it is twenty miles away, and one mile 
high. When would you like to be off? Tomorrow morning? That is Mt. Saler, the 
highest around here. It is well worth a trip if you like that sort of thing. " 

Bro. Weston: "I notice, Bro. Blough, when you speak to your people you seem 
to be quite at ease with the language. You are a Gujerati, are you not, and the language 
here is Marathi, I think?" 

Bro. Blough: " Yes, but both languages are Aryan, and when you have gotten one 
it is not so difficult to learn another. That accounts for it. Now many a boy who has 
gone only to the third grade in school can speak freely in two or three languages. " 

It was such a quiet place. Time passed so. rapidly. Durbar Day was coming, 
and the Dang people assembled all about on the hillsides in groups, which made a 
beautiful sight at night, with all their camp fires burning. 

The mandap, or temporary building, had been erected, and in this the people as- 
sembled. A barrel of water was put on a trestle outside, and from it they had, right 
in the middle of the assembly, a splendid little fountain which played all the time of 
the meeting. The Bhil rajas came in full dress! "That was something to see," said 
John, as afterwards he referred to the manner in which they came from their camp- 
ing places on the hillsides to the tent of meeting. Each wore a great red turban, and 
was surrounded by a little group of half-naked followers — body-guards — while he him- 
self rode a horse. As each group arrived the horse was sent away. But if you had 
your eye open to the procedure you noticed that the next one came riding the same 
horse! But it was coming to the Durbar and all enjoyed the proceedings. (Later 
John discovered the same horse in the Mission stable! 

The rajas all sat in a row, eight of them, arranged according to rank, and after 
the British officer had made a little speech, which he had previously written out for 
the occasion, the annual money (which is given by the government in lieu of having 
occupied the forest which once belonged solely to these men of the jungle) was dis- 
tributed. Clothing also was given. And, so that they don't spend it all foolishly, 
government helps to keep their accounts. In the collector's Durbar speech he made 
reference to the good work of the missionaries, both Bro. Pittenger, who had gone, and 
Bro. Blough, who had come. All the schools in the Dang hills are managed by the 
Mission — they are Mission schools, to which the government gives some material aid. 
If we speak of the density of ignorance, perhaps we can find it anywhere, but in the 
Dang hills there is more of it per man than in any other part of our present mission 
field in India. 

Bro. Weston: "Tell me, Bro. Blough, you took one class through the Bible School. 
How many were they, what are they doing now, and are they making good? Are 
you pleased with the results? I feel impressed with the need of good, strong workers, 
men and women who can be trusted to do any work, to do it well, and to do it just 

66 Annual Report 

as we would, not for what they can get out of it, but for love of the cause, love of 
their fellow-men. " 

Bro. Blough: " Yes, I can give you the whole list in a moment. Let me see. 
They come in my mind something like this: 

Govindji K. He was my assistant teacher in Bible School. Now preacher. 

Kunkubai, his wife. Head mistress, girls' school, Anklesvar. 

Naranji V. Head master of Mission School near Bulsar, Preacher, too. 

Benibai, his wife. Assistant teacher in same school. 

Lellubhai K. Minister, Bulsar. Preaches daily in the dispensary. 

Salomibai, his wife. Bible woman in Bulsar. 

Timothy L. General Mission worker, Jitalie, Anklesvar. 

Lalita, his wife. Bible woman and teacher. 

Somabhai R. Head master, boys' school, Anklesvar. 

Manekbai, his wife. Assistant teacher in Anklesvar girls' school. 

Virabhai A. General Mission worker, Songhad, Vyara. 

Ratanbai, his wife. Working as teacher and Bible woman. 

Bhagwan G. Under District Mission Board. Mission worker, Rudha. 

Priscilla, his wife. Bible woman and teacher, Rudha. 

Hathising R. General Mission worker, Raj Pipla State, Amletha. 

Ichhabhai Nersi. General Mission worker, Raj Pipla State, Umalla-Vuli. 

Nathalal M. General Mission worker, Buhari, Vyara. 
" So far as I know they are all doing well, and, brother, I wish there were ten 
times that many. Just the kind of men and women we need. " 

" Well, seeing you need them so badly, why has the Bible School been closed for 
several years, as I think is the case?" 

"My dear brother, what can we do? We are sending our people to Bible and 
Training School as fast as we can. As it is, we can hardly keep our present work 
going for want of teachers. Did not Bro. Long tell you of our anxiety to make more 
teachers, and more quality in the teachers we've got?" 

"Yes, but what is the source of supply? Why don't you increase that?" 
" That is just it. More evangelistic work, more teachers, more schools, more schol- 
ars, more boarding schools, more children in the schools we have. These are sources 
of supply; in turn to be supplied — more love, more faith, more prayer, more work, 
more results in the work! More missionaries! More vision on the part of the home 
churches! Everything — all things work together for good in the mission work. You 
see how every part of the work is dependent on every other part for increase?" 

Conversations went on day and night, and after a few days the Stovers and Sister 
Powell set out for home, the Westons and John preferring to remain awhile, " to see 
more of the Dangs, " they said. 

The start for home was made late in the afternoon. They remained all night at 
the same place where they had stopped before, at Pimpri, by the river side. Next 
morning they were off, hoping to be at the station in good time for the train. It 
seemed dangerous coming down the big hills; but on the level, the drivers, taking a 
shorter route for a little distance, left the main road, struck a root and upset the cart. 
Bro. Stover had his right clavicle and left rib fractured. It seemed serious enough 
at the moment, but they made their way to the station, wired to Bulsar, and went as 
fast as the train would take them to the hospital. There the good doctor did his part. 
It was not long till the fracture was all right, and the Stovers returned to Anklesvar. 
Bro. Weston went to several villages with Bro. Blough. The little hill villages, 
down in the valleys, but always on the top of a little knoll, were very interesting. 
"But the people seem so poor, " said Bro. Weston. " Is there no reason for this per- 
petual poverty, and no cure?" 

Annual Report 67 

"Yes, one reason is the liquor warehouse in Ahwa! O brother, I wish the demon 
of drink could be removed from these hills. The people are poor, but they get a little 
money, and away it goes for drink. The shopkeeper has no conscience. One would 
not expect the keeper of a liquor shop to have a conscience, and we realize our ex- 
pectation, and more. It is too bad! The shopkeeper will take their chickens, their 
grain, their land! We are on one side of this plateau, and the liquor shop on the 
other, in full sight of each other. The battle is on! The shopkeeper has the largest 
herd of cattle on the hills. When may we ever hope to be free from the curse?" 

Sister Blough and Sister Weston enjoyed each other's company. They went to 
the little girls' school. Sister Blough explained, " We are so glad to have this many 
girls, for they are shy and very indifferent to learning. And until they can think a 
little, they don't understand a bit of religious teaching. " 
Sister Weston: "But don't you get lonely here?" 

Sister Blough: "It is certainly different from Bulsar. But I can't say that we 
ever feel lonely. We are here for the Lord's work and there is plenty of it to do. " 
"These schools, it seems to me, are the hope of the future, are they not?" 
" Yes, indeed, they are. Already one of our best teachers is a boy from this lit- 
tle school. He is not exceedingly bright, but he can teach the others. " 

Like everywhere else, the missionaries find plenty of people who would rather 
take medicine from their hands, in the hope of getting well, than from the government 
doctor; so at Ahwa a supply is kept, and Sister Blough is the chief doctor for the 
present. The Bloughs think that when the surgeon-sahib of Dahanu comes it will 
be a splendid thing. 

Toward the last of April John came out on a cart that was going for tile, and 
joined Bro. Kaylor, both going to the hill station, Mahableshwer, for the hot weather, 
and for language study. Thus the two Johns were together again. Bro. Kaylor had 
been to Mahableshwer before, but John S. found much that was just the thing he 
wanted to see, along the line of flora and fauna. 

In May the trees put forth their new leaves, all over the Dang Forest. Referring 
to the Dang Forest we speak of going in or coming out, as it is a tract of 900 square 
miles of forest land, which government keeps in forest to increase the rainfall. 

The longer the Westons remained in the Dang Forest the better they liked it. 
There were books to read, and they had the Bloughs for companions. One day Sister 
Weston impressed on the mind of Sister Blough her feeling on women's work. She 
said: "As I see it, sister, you women have the greatest possible field for occupancy." 
The brethren do what they can for the men, but they can't reach the women. No 
more can you reach the men. And as the women are farthest back, more shy, more 
ignorant, more superstitious, it is up to you to help them, poor souls, into the brighter 
light, the better way, which is just as good in the sight of God for a woman as for 
a man! " 

Sister Blough: "We all feel the sphere of women's work is very, very large." 
Sister Weston: "I had never felt it before. WiKiam and I were speaking of it 
yesterday, after that little group of women came to you for medicine, and you told 
them something of God, I supposed, by your gestures. He feels the same as I do 
about it, but I think no man can feel on the question quite like a woman can. It 
is you women who must uplift the whole womanhood of this land. " 
The usual notebook entry ran something like this: 

"Eld. J. M. Blough, 1903; Sister Anna Blough, 1903; Kalyan V. Hivali, preacher; 
a virgin field. All schools in the hands of the Mission. This station different from 
the others, yet all remarkably alike. " 

The Westons did not go to the hills. "One of our party is enough in the high 
hills," they said. By the middle of May they came out. They had been feeling the 
heat a good deal, but when they reached the little terminal station, Kala Amba, where 
they waited three hours in the middle of the day, they found it terrific. 

68 Annual Report 

Sister Weston: "O William, I am feeling ill. It seems dark before my eyes. 
Get me that smelling-salts bottle. I don't know — I wonder — " and then she fainted. 

Bro. Weston ran and told the station master, who sent a servant with a bucket 
of water. He put wet cloths on her head, and held the smelling salts to her nose. He 
bathed her hands and arms in the water, and the servant brought more. After half 
an hour she revived, but, "Oh, it is so hot, oh, it is so hot!" is about all she seemed 
able to say. 

How hot was it? v Perhaps 110. No one had a thermometer. It is a lone hot 
railroad place, and the trees are bare of leaves at this time of year. When the train 
started, at two in the afternoon, they had the best seats they could get in the "upper 
class," but even then it was, "Oh, so hot!" 

Dr. Cottrell said it was a touch of the sun. And they were lucky that it was so 
gentle a touch. After a few days with the doctors, who said they would now have 
to be more careful of the sun, all seemed normal again, till Bro. Weston lost a filling 
from one of his teeth, and it seemed about five began to ache all at once. The doctor 
said it was sympathetic, and that he ought to go to Bombay to have them attended to. 

Bro. Weston said little, but felt that it was the most unsympathetic experience one 
might wish. He went to Bombay, spent four days, and came back, declaring that he 
had never paid as much in all his life for a little dental work as the Bombay dentists 
charged, and they were Americans, too. They were not missionaries, dwelling in the 
land for the good of the people. He saw the difference, and suggested that it might 
be a wise move, on the part of government, to pension all the missionaries. Some of 
the Indian people have asked if missionaries are not paid'by government, and when 
they learn it is not so, until they understand they wonder what is the motive. 

Bro. Weston: "Doctor, I want you or Sister Cottrell or Sister Mohler, or who- 
ever has the accounts, the books, the records, to tell me in short what your work 
costs, and what the income is. I see people come and go. I see what I feel is a 
good work going on every day. People will get sick, even in hot weather, won't they? " 

" You will be surprised to learn that there is more sickness in the cold weather 
than in the hot weather. Hot weather seems to kill the germs. " 

" That is a good idea. I reckon you are about right, doctor. " 

" Do you perspire easily? If so, you may not mind it so much. They tell us that Bro. 
D. L. Miller wrote one of his books, or a great part of it, sitting on the back veranda 
of yonder red bungalow, with the perspiration rolling down his face and neck. But 
even he was not here in the hot weather, for they tell us he wintered in South Africa 
that summer. However, if you perspire easily it is so much the better. " 

" I have been wondering about those poor men working out there in the heat 
with bare backs, bare heads, and bare feet. Don't you think they feel it at all?" 

" People say they don't, but I say they do. A large per cent of the cases which 
they call possession is easily attributed, I think, to overexposure. You know they 
all believe in possession of evil spirits. " 

" Yes, I have heard. I would like to see a case — if one comes to you. " 

"They never come. There are other ways of getting rid of evil spirits than of 
coming to the doctor. But you will have to ask Bro. Ross or Bro. Pittenger if you 
want to see a real case. You find them around the corner. " 

" When I am with you, doctor, I feel I would just like to help to be a doctor. 
When in the schools I feel I would like to help teach, and wherever I go, I feel as 
if I just want to take hold and help make good. " 

" I am glad you do. Here is that statement you asked for. It is not quite com- 
plete, but at the end of the year I will hand you the rest of it, and you can fill it in 
then." Filled in for the year it showed as follows: 

Annual Report 69 

Men Women Both Cases 

New patients, 3,203 3,172 6,375 40 

Repeats, 7,091 6,814 13,905 In-patients 151 

Totals 10,294 9,986 20,280 

Total receipts, Rs. 15,603 or $5,201; expenditure, Rs. 19,803 or $6,601. 

" I have just been talking to the brother who does the preaching to the patients 
while they wait, "said Bro. Weston, "and he tells me that three times he has been 
asked to come to Hindu meetings and preach to them. I think that is great. " 

Bro. Cottrell: "Yes, we cannot tell the far-reaching influence of that daily min- 
istration. " 

Sister Cottrell: "And the visiting among the in-patients, both by that brother 
and by his wife, is another helpful phase of the work. " 

Bro. Weston: "He said they asked him twice and he could not go, and the third 
invitation is out. I said he should by all means go!" 

Bro. Cottrell: "I am glad he was telling you. We have many opportunities." 

Bro. Weston: "He said, too, one man offered him money, but he refused to take 
it. I think it is very good, when our men refuse the presents that are supposed to 
blind the eyes of those who take them. " 

Those who had gone for the hot season had returned by the middle of June and 
were quite outspoken in their anxiety for the speedy coming of the monsoon. After 
one has been away and returns to the heat he is apt to feel it a good deal more, till 
the monsoon breaks, than do those who had not gone. John was quite enthusiastic 
about the matter of going to the hills, and suggested to Bro. Weston that it might 
be well if the missionaries made a rule to go three months every year. But that good 
brother is not much in favor of " making laws, " as he says, and his remark in reply 
was to the effect that he would not require their going more than he would require 
their not going. Said he, " That sort of thing ought to be worked out by the mis- 
sionaries themselves. " And all agreed with him. 

One da} 7- , looking over the papers in the Mission home, Bro. Weston remarked: 
" Sister Ross, I appreciate your papers. Some one was telling us that you read the 
Country Gentleman and Bro. Ross reads the Ladies' Home Journal. They are both 
here. " 

Sister Ross: "Oh, you can hear anything. We both read the Messenger and the 
Visitor, and — well, Amos is fond of the World Outlook. But he doesn't get time to 
read very much. How do you like Ahwa?" 

" It is not nearly as bad as it might be. I told Bro. Blough that if I were a young 
man I would like nothing better than to be a missionary, and as such, I think, I 
would be quite ready to go to any of the stations I have thus far seen. At least, I 
don't see why not. Where is Bro. Ross?" 

" Oh, he is round about somewhere. He will be along presently. " His return 
was the signal for pleasant conversation concerning this greatest work in the world — 

As the fifth of June approached, preparations were being made at Bulsar for the 
coming committee. The Westons received a copy of the program several days before, 
so that they, too, could know what work was to be done. On the fourth the mission- 
aries assembled, and here and there, as it suited the convenience of each group, they 
worked out their sub-committee reports for the morrow. The whole evening was 
spent in devotions, and it impressed the Westons that the brethren connect working 
and praying in a very praiseworthy manner. Anyhow, the work of the committee was 
sure to be pleasant. 

What questions! After some discussion a committee was appointed to make a 

70 Annual Report 

survey of the whole field, an up-to-date survey, suitable for presentation at home. 
This survey committee was to report present conditions and needs, and then get a 
vision of the future, and report. A big job. But now is the time to do it, for the war 
will not continue always, and then comes reconstruction. 

An auditing committee for 1918 was appointed. 

A committee of three Indian brethren was appointed to conduct examinations in 
all our village schools, and see that records are kept properly. 

The purchase of two tents was sanctioned for Anklesvar. 

The program for the January Missionary Visitor was adopted. 

It was agreed to take at cost-price one-fourth of the edition of the Teacher-Train- 
ing book, from the Sunday School Union. This, to encourage the publishers. 

It was suggested to recommend to the General Mission Board that it would be 
very much preferable, on the part of the missionaries, if shares were taken in a mis- 
sion station rather than individual workers supported. 

This brought out a lot of discussion, but all agreed that they did not feel happy 
with the present individual support plan, whereby certain persons or classes in Sunday- 
schools were supporting an Indian worker. It meant that the missionary ought to 
do considerable writing of letters, which he is always willing to do, and about which 
there is no complaint at all. "People are very kind to us in that matter, but we feel 
we are falling short of what is expected of us. . Imagine our chagrin " (the speaker 
seemed to be talking to Bro. Weston) " if we have written concerning the death of 
one, for example, and the letter is lost. Several months or half a year later the sup- 
porters find the person they have been supporting has been dead for a long time. It 
would be much better to have shares in a boarding school, or in a mission station, and 
then occasionally write a letter suitable for all the shareholders of that station. Ev- 
eryone of the shareholders would hear direct from the field oftener than by this way, 
and we would not be worried by the fact that we fail to do what is expected of us. " 
The recommendation passed. 

Furloughs of Brother and Sister Blough, Bro. Kaylor, Sisters Anna Eby and Olive 
Widdowson were recommended for 1919, and sent to the General Board for sanction. 

Bro. Long was instructed to write the General Board fully about the present 
status of the " conscience clause " question. 

It was suggested to investigate concerning reconstruction work in Armenia and 

The committee sessions were long, sometimes slow, but never dull, and Bro. 
Weston had but one remark to make: "You folks get your committee business dis- 
posed of just about like .we do at home. " Whereupon several smiled, saying, " We 
thought our progress was made much more slowly. Everybody is present at our 
field committee meetings — every missionary who cares to come. They all know just 
what is being done, and the reasons for it. " 

How they watched the papers from day to day as the monsoon season approached! 
A regular monsoon means much to India. In the after-part of June the first 
blessed showers came, and every heart leaped with joy. Traveling along in the train 
as the first rains come, one can hear heartfelt expressions such as: " Jai Mahadev " 
("Glory to the Great God"), as by the scores old men and women clasp their two 
hands together in appreciation and make obeisance towards the clouds. 

The Westons had been over the field, they thought, except the part occupied by 
the District Mission Board in the Raj Pipla State. So they met Bro. Govindji at 
Kosamba and went out the narrow line to Zankrav. There Bro. Bhagwan met them, 
and they reached Rudha by four o'clock. Rudha is a very little village, way out. The 
Mission Board has just opened a small boarding school, and in the locality it will 
doubtless have a good influence. They had a meeting that night, in the morning 
Govindji baptized two, and they returned to the station in good time for the train. 
But why hurry? Should the heavy rains begin when they were far from the line, 

Annual Report 71 

what would they do? So they returned next day, and Bro. Weston suggested that 
this was the time for him to stop and visit with his one-time friend, Mr. Kim, while John 
preferred to go on to Anklesvar with Govindji. Mr. Kim was waiting for his guest. 
They went in and sat down together. He seemed waiting to tell his American friend 
something that was perhaps news to him, but he said they would walk about and 
chit-chat. "Have a smoke?" "No, never smoke." "Well, you are a great deal 
better off without it. I am glad you Americans are forging ahead on some of the great- 
est problems of the present day. Go ahead, man, the world needs leadership. " 

Bro. Weston: "India needs leadership, don't you think?" 

Mr. Kim: "Yes, most certainly. India is a big part of the world." 

The conversation drifted. The jackals' howling out in the night, after quiet reigned 
everywhere, seemed never more dreary to him, though he had heard them at Bulsar, 
and everywhere he went outside of Bombay. 

John found Govindji a splendid companion, and he was glad to learn such things 
as Govindji could tell him. Govindji told him of the ups and downs of the Mission 
Board work. " There are five members, you know, and four of us on this Board are 
Indians. It is a new experience, but we do the best we can, and we must learn. We 
want to learn, too. It is the Lord's work." John found himself growing interested 
in mission work. 

" It is painful to us to try to get a man on to his feet and then find him too weak 
to stand. Of course, we are not doing it, but God is working through us. We want 
him to work through us. But it is very disheartening to work and work and see 
such poor results. We want good results. We want plenty of converts, and we 
want everyone to remain faithful to God, for it is his work, and not ours. He can do 
wonderful things, if we permit. Yes, I am secretary of the District Mission Board. 
Several good Christians have come of our work. " 

John began to feel that if the Indian people were entering into the mission work, 
perhaps it was worth while, after all. It must be confessed that hitherto he had felt 
piqued at having to drink boiled water, sleep under mosquito curtains in hot weather, 
always carry either a stick or an umbrella when he went out, and wear an almost 
perpetual sun topi, but now he was forgetting these things. 

It was Fourth of July, and it looked as if there might be heavy rain that night. 
It began to rain, say half-past eight o'clock. With what a happy feeling they went to 
bed, knowing it was just pouring rain! In the night they awoke. The water had 
come through the roof, through the upstairs floor and down onto their beds! "Some 
rain that, " said John, as he went to sleep again, never knowing. In the morning the 
compound and the fields and everywhere were covered with standing water! " It must 
have been wet. Oh, look yonder! I wonder what amount of water has fallen!" A 
little later the report came from the kacheri (courthouse) that ten inches had fallen 
in the night. " That can't be true, " said John. " How could ten inches fall in the 
night?" Report from the cotton gin near by came in — "Ten inches of water in the 
night. " Next day report from Broach, across the river — "Ten inches of water in the 
night of July fourth." John simply said, "Well, I never!" 

The rainy season was well-nigh gone, and the rains were not coming as plentifully 
as they should. After that one great downpour the supply seemed exhausted. Every- 
one watched the daily papers for the weather report, and each day the papers showed 
a deficiency in all the larger towns throughout the whole land. The Bombay Confer- 
ence of Missionaries met and issued a call, seeing that a famine was near upon us — 
a call to united prayer. And still no rain. One station over in central India was re- 
ported from day to day as having an excess of rain. That was Raipur. The Raipur 
missionaries might say that God had heard their prayers, which would imply that he 
had not heard the prayers of all the rest. It is more likely that they would say that 
we all depend on the mercy of God. 

Sister Sadie Miller sailed for home in April; Sister Anna M. Eby in July. Brother 

72 Annual Report 

and Sister Lichty went in May, and every one wished the departing missionaries bon 
voyage, good health at home, and a speedy return to the field. But when good-by is 
said, it may be for a little time, and it may be forever. 

September was hot. The lack of rain made it hotter than usual. The daily papers 
began discussing the possibility of famine. But with war and all, famine so often in 
the past, one still inclines to hope. At this time influenza broke out. October set in, 
the dread hot month, while here and there, everywhere, in all the stations, in the city 
and in the country, rich and poor, the people got influenza, and died. The sad part 
of it was that so many who had been first to serve others in the dread disease got it. 
Thus Drs. Cottrell fell ill when most needed, and Dr. Nickey came to their aid. Nurse 
Himmelsbaugh had it very seriously; other of our missionaries got it. The death rate 
in Bombay shot up higher than that of the famine of 1900. Then it reached 500 odd 
per day; now it went up to 700 per day. The missionaries and workers who remained 
well did all in their power to serve others in this time of need and thus rendered a 
noble service. Teachers, students, lawyers, when they had time to gather themselves 
to face the issue, went giving medicine and food and clothing, for the poor became 
ill, and without food and care starved to death! When the story of the influenza was 
told, and the disease had run its course, it was found that fifteen per cent of the pop- 
ulation in Bulsar Taluka had died. And this rate prevailed in many parts of the coun- 
try. It was much higher in the Dangs. In all America one-half per cent of population 
died. In all India' two per cent in a little over one month. 

In the midst of all this, word was sent down the line that Ichhabhai Nersi had 
passed away of influenza. And he was the one Bhil preacher in Raj Pipla State! How 
that news brought tears to the eyes of many! The man, who was simple in heart 
and life, so simple, even childlike. He was one of those baptized by Bro. McCann. 
He had finished the Bible course. He was a member of the District Mission Board, 
and had the heart of his people still. He was tender, and could win the tender feel- 
ings of his people. He could lead them. He was often the man between the mis- 
sionary and the people, for he knew both. The news came to Anklesvar, and as Bhil 
people heard it they stood in silence, wondering who next. The news came to Bulsar, 
and sorrow seized them all. In Vyara, in Jalalpor, wherever he was best known, the 
keenest sorrow came. Last winter he spent much of the time going from village to 
village carrying the message of the Gospel to many for the first time. And now he 
is silent. His wife, Reva, and five little children, have no husband, no father now. 

Brother and Sister Pittenger and family had moved to Dahanu about a week after 
the Lichtys went on furlough. Bro. Pittenger felt quite at home in Dahanu, for he 
had lived there before, and moreover, this is his language, Marathi, while in Bulsar 
the language is Gujerati. And John Snively had formed a liking for Dahanu, so he 
went again. He had formed a special liking for Bro. Pittenger, but he told them that 
since so many people had gone away he felt rather lonely, at which they made no reply. 
John told Bro. Pittenger of the way Govindji had explairfed to him the work of the 
Mission Board, and his anxiety to do a good work for God, and remarked that he 
was a good deal pleased to hear that sort of thing in India. Then he and Bro. Pitten- 
ger had a long talk. The young man's heart was open. To him it was dawning that 
a man might be a Christian, and even be a member of the Brethren church in good 
standing, and make a failure of life. He was a member of the Brethren church. No 
one ever questioned his standing. He never spent a dollar in gambling, never drank 
a drop in his life, but — that — was that saying anything? He had several horses in his fa- 
ther's barn at home, that could say as much — if they could say anything. Was he no bet- 
ter than a horse! And as he and Bro. Pittenger talked his whole life seemed to come up 
before him as a great big failure. What if he was a popular favorite at home! He 
was not such here. Really, among the younger missionaries he had felt like a fish 
out of water. He saw now how their greatest joy could be in the work they were 

Annual Report 73 

doing. He saw how they could be alone and be content, in spite of lonely hours. 
He saw with a new view the whole problem of human life. 

Bro. Pittenger asked him why he did not enter into a larger service for the Master, 
and John, poor John, his heart was too full to make reply. Then Bro. Pittenger, in 
slow, careful words, suggested that they pray. It was Pittenger who led. The spark 
within became aflame as they prayed, and John wept for joy. 

After a couple of days, returning to Bulsar, he said: " Bro. Ross, you are at 
work on that survey committee, are you not? I wish you would give me the figures 
of your baptisms the last several years. I want to help Bro. Weston get after things. 
Have you got the figures?" 

Bro. Ross: "Yes; here are copies of the Visitor. You can gather out the years 
yourself. And if anything is incomplete, write to the station and ask for what you 
want. There is nothing lost in asking. " And so Bro. Snively, as they began to call 
him now, gathered from various sources the following tabulated statement, which he 
handed to Bro. Weston, except the record for 1918, which had to be filled in when 

Villages icants 
with Last Baptisms 

Station Christians Feast 1918 1917 1916 1915 

Ahwa, 16 69 35 6 11 7 

Anklesvar, 52 150 92 53 20 7 

Bulsar, 2 137 23 14 16 13 

Dahanu 8 35 1 ' 5 ... 8 

Jalalpor, 10 35 6 11 6 

Umalla-Vuli, 16 125 20 35 7 4 

Vada, 9 31 5 16 3 

Vyara, 45 162 117 88 96 70 

158 744 299 228 157 109 

Bro. W r eston took the table and looked it over. " That second column shows how 
many villages at the present time have Christians. Yes, well, well. It means work, 
doesn't it? But if we can do the work, John, why should we not?" 

" I tell you what I have been thinking of — our year is nearly up. Could I stay, 
and go to work, and be a missionary like the others?" 

Tears came into the eyes of the good old man as he looked upon the youth before 
him, with life and vigor and energy and hope coursing through his veins, and pon- 
dered the words he had just heard. "John," he said, "we came for a year. We have 
not seen all of India. We have seen but this little mission field. Let us go home, 
as we had planned from the beginning, and if you are called of God for the work, 
you will be able to return in due time. Let us go home, and tell the home folks what 
we think of this whole mission problem. " 

Three times in the year the missionaries have their regular committee sessions, 
and if there is any need, a fourth is added. These meetings create a sort of big day, 
when they all get together, or as many as can do so, and along with the work in hand 
talk things over generally. It also becomes a spiritual occasion when there are songs 
and prayers in English. The committee meeting of Nov. 12 continued four full days. 
On the morning of the first day devotions were conducted by Bro. Pittenger. After 
the Board letter was read, and the minutes of the previous meeting, election of officers 
was held for the ensuing year. But before the votes were cast, Bro. Pittenger, in his 
own quaint way, said, "I was wondering, Jesse, what you intend to do; resign now, 
or stick to it as long as you can! " 

Bro. Emmert replied: "Well, John, to be real frank, I have thought about it, 
and am ready to resign just now, so that a new member may be elected before I go 
home rather than after. " And then the vote of all the missionaries being taken, Bro. 

74 Annual Report 

Long was chosen. Sister Eliza B. Miller was elected secretary. Bro. Holly Garner 
was reelected treasurer, and Bro. Adam Ebey was chosen accountant. 

The need having become so great it was decided to give to every one of the In- 
dian mission workers one month's extra pay, on account of high prices. 

The survey committee reported they were at it, and were told to continue their 
work to the finish. 

If a suitable location can be secured, it is the intention to make the main school 
for girls at Anklesvar. Plans looking to this were adopted. 

It was decided to open the Bible School in June, 1919, Bro. E. H. Eby to be in 
charge of that important work. 

Since so many mothers have died, leaving little children to be cared for, it was 
decided to open a baby home at Umalla, in care of Sister Himmelsbaugh. 

It was decided that Bro. Adam Ebeys on return should go to the Dangs. Also 
that Sister Ida Shumaker should be in charge of the station at Jalalpor. 

In case the Methodist Mission offer us their Leper Asylum at Tarapur we decide 
to accept it. 

The Mission of the Brethren respectfully requested the Gujerat Tract Society 
to so adjust the constitution that all the missions of Gujerat may be equally represented. 

Brethren Emmert and Lichty are to represent India interests at the Bicentennial 
Conference, 1919. 

Four days! It does not require a prophet to see that the above was only some 
of the work done, only a little of it. The Methodists, neighbors in Tarapur, have 
started a Leper Asylum, which is largely supported by gifts from the Leper Mission. 
And they think of withdrawing from that station, so the question came up concerning 
the Leper Asylum as above stated. The Tract Society in Gujerat for many years has 
consisted largely of the missionaries of the Irish Mission. The Brethren decided to 
approach them on the subject of changing their constitution, so as to take in others 
on an equal basis with themselves. Delegates to the Tract Society meeting were 
present at the session, and when this matter was brought up the Irishmen responded 
good-naturedly by saying, "Just the thing! When the present arrangement was made, 
many years ago, it was the only thing to do. Now to make the change suggested 
is the only thing to do! " They all favored a change, and appointed one of the Brethren 
as chairman of a representative committee to reconstruct the constitution. 

The Gujerati S. S. Quarterly circulates some 2,000 copies regularly. Other missions 
than ours find it useful to them; besides, for several years a Bombay newspaper pub- 
lished the lesson comments weekly. The Prakash Patra, our Gujerati Christian news- 
paper, has a circulation of something over 500 copies monthly. 

At this November committee meeting, a relief committee was appointed and money 
from home asked for, as there is no doubt that the distress from famine is destined 
to become more and more severe for some eight months. 

Sitting with the missionaries through this session of committee, Bro. Weston 
thoroughly enjoyed all he could see and hear. Moreover, his occasional remarks were 
always welcome. The sessions of the field committee endeavor to be the most informal 
possible and if anyone has anything to say, he gets a hearing. 

In discussing the field, the survey committee presented figures which seemed ap- 
palling. The field we occupy, the field before us, the field we are called of God to evan- 
gelize. This is what went into Bro. Weston's notebook: 

" I gather from the tables and make out in round numbers the following divisions 

of our India field: . ^ , , ~ . . 

Area Backward Total 

Section Sq. Miles Classes Population 

Northern, Broach Dist 1,950 150,000 250,000 

Central, Surat Dist 3,750 350,000 650.000 

Southern, Thana Dist., 1,800 200,000 300,000 

75,000 700,000 1,200,000 

Annual Report 75 

"Also, from the census report, and partly estimated, leaving out the hundreds, 
for we are dealing with large numbers, I gather for our India field: 


Section Hindus medans Christians Others Totals 

Northern, Broach Dist 227,000 21,300 400 1,300 250,000 

Central, Surat Dist, 629,000 25,500 700 3,800 650,000 

Southern, Thana Dist., 288,000 8,000 500 • 3,500 300,000 

1,135,000 54,800 1,600 8,600 1,200,000 

"Another little table, showing the tremendous need of educational work, I have 
gathered as below for our India Field: 

Literates Literates Literates Total Total 

Section Under 15 15 to 20 over 20 Literates Population 

Northern, Broach Dist., 3,100 2,700 16,700 22,500 250,000 

Central, Surat Dist., 9,100 6,500 30,900 46,500 650,000 

Southern, Thana Dist., 1,800 1,600 9,200 13,000 300,000 

14,000 10,800 56,800 82,000 1,200,000 

" ■ For you see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise after the flesh, not 
many mighty, not many noble, are called: but God hath chosen the foolish things 
of the world to confound the wise.' " 

Toward the close of the fourth day missionaries pressed Bro. Weston to say a few 
words to them all, which he promised to do after supper. And then, when they were 
assembled, he said: 

"Brethren and Sisters, Dearly Beloved in the Lord: 

" We have been with you in your homes, we have seen you in your work, we have 
enjoyed our visit to India and I would not perhaps now consent to speak, but we may 
not meet some of you again before we go. 

" I am a farmer-preacher, as you know. I view the situation this way: Your work 
here is now to plow, to cultivate, and to reap, and to keep all three going at the same 
time. The field is large before you. Don't forget to keep on plowing as you begin 
to reap, and don't forget to reap as you keep cultivating. I think my meaning is clear. 

" Very many of the brethren and sisters at home remember you daily at the Throne 
of Grace. They look upon this work as of the greatest importance. We ourselves 
regard it so. I want to encourage you if I can. The shaping of the destiny of a mil- 
lion souls is in your hands, and that is no small matter. Can we hope that these will 
all become Christians? No, certainly not; but your being in their midst ought to 
influence all of them to a certain extent. You are occupying a sphere of influence. I 
want that sphere of influence to be of the highest good, to the glory of God. 

" Your work is tremendously many-sided — preaching and teaching, doctoring and 
nursing, reading and writing, farming and gardening, and carpentering and building. I 
wish to say that I think you are only in the infancy of your opportunity. I believe 
you will win, for it is the Lord's work for the good of humanity, and there is nothing 
selfish in it. 

" Pray much, for your strength is in the Lord. I trust the nearness of the coming 
of the Lord means much to you. 

"Did you pass that resolution concerning shares?" 

Several: "We have passed it and will send it to the Home Board." 

" Well, I like that plan. It will mean fully as much to the folks at home as the 
present individual support plan does, and you will be saved a lot of correspondence 
that you never get done anyhow. Now mother and I, having been talking it over, 
have decided to take a share in every station. " 

A voice, "Count ten stations, brother!" 

"Ten stations let it be. I suppose shares are $100 each? We want to do what 


76 Annual Report 

we can, and will begin with this. Then, as the Lord prospers us. May his grace, may- 
great grace be upon you all. Amen. " 

After that it was the desire of all that Bro. Snively say a word, but he said he 
expected to remain till the end of the meeting, if it sat till midnight. But when urged 
to say a word now, he responded: 

" We have been visitors to this, your mission field, and we feel strongly about it. 
Do you know that it is just one-eighth the size of Pennsylvania, with an eighth of 
the population also? How many people have we in Pennsylvania? How many preach- 
ers? And how many colleges? I am a Marylander, and this field is a third as large as 
my State. I don't wonder that you call for men and women. I do wonder that you 
don't call louder. This is sure some mission field! I hope you will pray for me." 

A little later Brother and Sister Weston withdrew; while the committee meeting con- 
tinued till midnight, so as to complete their work, read over the lengthy minutes and 
be off, each one to his own home in the morning. 

When the missionaries had scattered, the Westons felt they must be setting their 
faces towards America. They wrote to Messrs. Thos. Cook & Son and secured pas- 
sage on the same ship with Bro. Emmert and family, which was most agreeable to all. 

However, a quick trip here and there before going will be very good, as they can 
easily do it, if they confine their trips to railway stations. Off for Vyara, they found 
the work going on well and everybody busy. Bro. Long had completed arrangements 
for spending some time in certain villages, and this was just the thing for Bro. Weston 
— he went also. The experience at Garat he would not have missed for anything. 
One of the Christian farmers was to be married. And as he was marrying a Christian 
woman, and was being married by Christian rites, and by a Christian minister, too, 
the brother requested that a love feast be held on that occasion, and that he be al- 
lowed to bear all expenses. The idea was rather novel, but it was acceded to, and 
about forty-five partook of the communion, while fifty others enjoyed a feast. And 
then they had song service and preaching till 11: 30. Bro. Weston said to Bro. Long, 
" This is splendid. It bears a good suggestion for Bro. Snively when he gets home. " 
To which John replied, " Yes, brother, I'll think about it. " 

On the way to the next village where the intention was to have another love 
feast, Bro. Weston asked, " Suppose this request had not been granted that brother; 
what would he likely have done?" 

" That I can't say, " answered Bro. Long, " but the chances are they would have 
had liquor, according to the old fashion of these people, and what all else I can't say, 
but it was good they wanted it this way. As it is, his relatives may make it tough 
for him because he had no liquor on the occasion. " 

After several days they returned to Vyara, when the new Normal Training School 
was the subject of conversation. " Yes, we have been having one here for some months. 
They are home just now, but the school will open early in January. We are trying 
to teach our men of modest education how to teach — men who are not far enough along 
to go into government school, and it is a necessary thing indeed. " 

"But I don't understand. This is a teachers' training school?" 

" Yes, sir, a Normal, to train men of the fifth and sixth books, men who have been 
in Mission employ — the best we could get — and who can't go further because they have 
failed, or did not want to go when they could, and now are too old, or whatever 
the reason. We are trying to make better what material we have got. " 

" Well, I like that. You did not tell me before." 

" If you come back after six months we will have a lot of things to tell you then 
that you might wonder why we did not tell you before! It is a long story, brother, 
but always interesting. " 

Bro. Weston: "Considering the question of abolishing the whole miserable liquor 
traffic, as we have done at home. I think that your gaekwar of Baroda would make 

Annual Report 77 

himself a name throughout the world, if he would be the first in India to do so. It 
is bound to come. " 

Bro. Long: " H. H., the gaekwar, is very advanced in his opinions, and really, in 
the light of the efforts he has made in behalf of education, it would not surprise me 
if he became first for total prohibition. " 

From Vyara they went to Anklesvar and Umalla-Vuli. John stopped at Anklesvar, 
and Brother and Sister Weston went to Raj Pipla State. " I wish we had more time 
or had made acquaintances in Nandod. I hear it is a splendid little city, and the raja 
is quite up-to-date in his ideas. " 

" Yes, " said Bro. Arnold, " you would have liked Nandod. Electric lights, splen- 
did state buildings and a high school — you would have been pleased, I know. But — " 

" But we will leave that for the next time, I guess. How many things there are 
to see, and places I should like to have gone, but we came to see missions and we 
could not see all, not even in a year. " 

People were appealing for help; the Christians in the village of Vuli were ap- 
pealing for help. " Not to feed us, " they said. " We are not beggars, nor do we want 
to be, but do get something going, that we may work and get food to eat, " was their 
earnest request, and Bro. Arnold had his hands more than full. Sister Himmelsbaugh 
had her home for children, and fifteen babies in it. What happy little tots they looked 
to be, all sweet and clean and well-cared for! "I am glad you can have this sort of 
thing to do, sister, " said Bro. Weston, " for you seem to like it. " 

Sister Himmelsbaugh: "I just love it. I intend to make this baby home one of 
the most interesting things in the state. After my house is built at Umalla it will be 
better. This arrangement here is just temporary, but if these little kiddies are happy 
and well, that is the object." 

" They seem to be all right, and they all like you, that is clear. " 

Then Sister Himmelsbaugh took one close up and gave it a good hug, saying. 
"You know your old mother, don't you, dear little rogue? Say, brother, I intend to 
take 100 of such, if they are brought to me! Why should not these poor little Bhils 
have as good a chance as anybody else?" 

Bro. Weston: "I have come to believe that if we were to give equal opportunity 
to all people, there would not be such a big difference between some of us as there 
is at present. " 

At Anklesvar John was enjoying his days with Bro. Hoffert, and together they 
went, with Govindji, to visit several of the villages. There was a Hindu wedding in 
the bazar, to which they were invited and went. But John's interest was now in mission 
work, and with his companion he talked much of the whole great need of the land. 
Why mission work at all? 

" Because there is so much need everywhere, and seeing this need calls me, and," 
said John, " while I expect to go home according to plan, my heart is with you all 
here. I will always remember you, as a good-natured, hard-working, faithful and 
patient set of men. " 

About the middle of December a letter came from Bulsar, telling that a cablegram 
had been received from Elgin, with these words: "Nora Lichty died twelfth, influ- 
enza." What sad news from home! A letter was written to every station, and all 
received the news about the same time. She who had so bravely fought disease in 
India. From one to another of Indian Christians the news quickly spread. Every 
one was sad to hear it. Every one was sad to know it. Sister Lichty! And in her 
own America, where are doctors and hospitals, and all the conveniences India so 
greatly needs. But when the call to go home comes to us, it makes little difference 
where we are, that call must be answered in person. 

At all the stations arrangements were made to have a special service on Sunday 
morning. At Dahanu, where the Lichtys had lived the last year and a half before 
they had gone to America; at Vuli, where they had spent fourteen years of their life 

78 Annual Report 

in mission work — they had really built that station up from the beginning. Time was 
when they lived together there in a little thatched hut and were happy, because doing 
it for the good of others, doing it because there was nothing else to do — till a house 
could be built. 

Sister Lichty was in India less than a year when she got a severe attack of typhoid 
fever. For seventy-two days she lingered in the European General Hospital, at first 
with apparently no hope of recovery. How often ascended in her behalf earnest pray- 
ers, those long and weary days of April and May! The doctor said she would have 
to return to America; that she could not live in a climate like India. She smiled and 
replied in faith, " Doctor, I came to India for mission work, and, live or die, sir, I 
stay here. " The doctor was not accustomed to that kind of thing. Too often a 
patient is glad for the doctor's rendition, " You can't remain in India. " But not so 
Sister Lichty. " I came to live or die in India." The doctor a second time approached 
her on the subject as she was getting better, and said, " You ought to arrange to go to 
your own country as soon as you can, for you can't stand the climate here. " And 
again her heroic reply to the physician, " Doctor, I expect to stay, and not go home. 
And I hope I live. " 

And she did not die. Though she lived, she never became the same stout woman 
she had. been. Gradually she became well and healthy. Then, after the dread disease, 
influenza, had done its work in India, in the hot month of October, word came that 
she had passed away in America, of influenza! 

At Vuli, it seemed that everyone felt the loss so keenly that none could speak of 
it. Sunday passed without a word, and the following Sunday. Then one weekday a 
special service was held, in which there were no formalities whatever. Nagar Dhanji 
was in the chair. He retold, what every one knew, some things concerning her life 
among them all at that place. Bro. Ira Arnold told what a good home she had left 
to come to India, and how her father was a man who believed in missions and gave 
to missions. Bro. Arnold is a cousin of Sister Lichty, and had been in their home. He 
knew what a sacrifice she had made to come to India, but she never mentioned the 
word sacrifice. She came to serve the Master whom she loved. Others spoke in 
turn. Some of the mothers, whose babies she had helped to care for when they had 
a fever, with the corners of their saris wiped away the tears from their eyes. The 
boys — all men now — nodded solemnly to all that was said. All of them remembered. 
It was but yesterday. Another time the story of human life had been told. Another 
time the book had been written and closed. And when silently they left that little 
memorial service one said to another: "She is surely up yonder in heaven with God." 
The reply came quickly, " I wonder if she can hear all we say." 

The Westons returned to Anklesvar. Sister Ziegler was out in her tent, accom- 
panied by an Indian brother and his wife. As before, she used the gramophone to 
call the people together, and then the teaching or preaching followed. 

Bidding farewell to Anklesvar the Westons soon passed Kosamba, where they 
looked out of the window, and there stood their friend, Mr. Kim. He invited them to 
return to India, and they made him promise something, too. Mr. Kim, of Kosamba, 
good-by till next time. 

They did not desire to stop off at Jalalpor, because the Emmerts would just be 
getting ready for their long trip to America, and would be least prepared to entertain 
visitors. So they went on to Bulsar. 

During the influenza epidemic the Mission hospital had to be closed. It was open 
now, and the work going on as before. The doctors were busy going about doing good, 
Sister Mohler with them as nurse whenever needed. Sister Miller and Sisters Mow 
and Grisso were busy, the one with her girls, the others with their language study. 
Sister Miller put down the Gujerati book she had been reading and remarked, " The 
first problem is to master the language, and the second problem, perhaps, is to keep 
mastering it. " 

Annual Report 79 

Bro. Weston: "I believe you are right; if one shows ignorance in his talking, he 
needn't try to be wise in some other things. How little we do know anyhow!" 

Sister Miller: " Bro. Weston, what are you going to tell the good people at home 
about the work here? What kind of missionaries do we need?" 

Bro. Weston: "Let me* see. I think I will say, first of all, that men and women 
are needed generally on the mission field in India. I think the better they are prepared 
the more easily can they hope to accomplish any given task. I think — well, what you 
do not want is men who expect just to stand up and preach the Gospel to see sinners 
come flocking home! It doesn't work out that way, does it? I think you don't want 
men who know too much about the whole situation before they come — that is, who 
can say just exactly what they are willing to do and who will come only on condition 
that they may be assigned certain tasks which they conceive themselves fit for, and 
which they think would be rather congenial to them. " 

Sister Weston: "Why, William, such people would never come. They want good 
pay, and the mission never pays big, nor expects to do so." 

Bro. Weston: "That's it exactly. Men who are looking for big work and little 
pay are the kind you want; men who have the good of their fellow-men first of all 
in* their hearts, and I should say, some few specialists; but the best missionary is will- 
ing and able to fit in anywhere to the glory of God." 

Bro. Snively: "That means, a good missionary is a ' jack-of-all-trades. ' " 

Bro. Weston: "No, John, it means that he is the master of all trades, if I may 
say so, and it means that he is also master of himself to that extent that he is willing, 
for the good of his fellow-men, to fit in anywhere. " 

Sister Weston: " But we must be going, for you know it is getting late. " 

Sister Miller: "Do you know, Sister Weston, that you are the first woman really 
to visit us here in our mission work for fifteen years? Mrs. Miller was here then. It 
is a joy to have our people with us. Of course, we remember the visit of Brother and 
Sister Wieand, but that could hardly be called a visit. We wish they would come and 
make us a real visit once. " 

There was a report of a case of smallpox close by, so they hastily said salaam and 
went to Dahanu. Sister B. Mary Royer was tenting out in the village of Chikhli, 
with her Bible woman, Sunderbai. Moving about among the people, teaching and sug- 
gesting, this is a potent way of giving higher ideals to a whole multitude. And our 
sisters are doing their good share of it. 

Bro. Pittenger greeted them with a warm smile, saying, " You will have another 
name to write in your notebook. Lydia Rosaline joined our family on the sixth of the 
month. " 

" Yes, " said Sister Weston, " the name of Ralph David Alley was added at Bul- 
sar, too. " 

Sister Weston visited with Sister Pittenger, and Bro. Weston with Bro. Pittenger, 
Dr. Nickey and Sister Swartz. Bro. Pittenger had taken hold of the work at Dahanu, 
and was finding all about the Varley people as well as looking after the work already 
established, directing the building work yet incomplete, and being handy man generally. 

Sister Nickey: "Would you like to hear a story, of how our work goes, Bro. 
Weston? Here is a sample. A man and his wife, Hindus — he was 45, she 18 — came 
to the dispensary, both ill with influenza. We had no accommodation but the floor of 
the veranda, and they were glad for that. His was an advanced case of pneumonia. 
Sister Royer was waiting on them at the time, and the man confided to her that he 
had lost his first wife a year ago, that he had married this one only a few months ago, 
and she had cost him Rs. 2,000; so he said, 'Please do all you can to make her well!' 
Two days later he died. The condition of that beautiful young widow was most pit- 
iful, as she sat alone by the body of her dead husband until evening, when their caste 
fellows came to dispose of it. When they arrived she sat facing the wall, as she would 
not dare allow them to see her face. She was left alone in her grief; and with a tern- 

80 Annual Report 

perature of 103 had to wash the clothes of her dead husband, according to the Hindu 
custom. They took her the same day to Dahanu for certain caste performances; then 
on the train to her home, where she must, though ill, be put into a darkened room and 
not see light for a year. You will not be surprised when I tell you that tears came 
unbidden as she went away. She turned to one standing by, and said, ' Why does 
the Miss Sahib weep?' Which meant to us simply that she was resigned to her fate!" 

Bro. Weston: "I am so glad that you are here, Sister Nickey, for I have an idea 
that — well, I don't know which is the more important, medical work or school work. 
Perhaps both. But the work you are doing will tell in the years to come for humanity 
and for God. " 

Dr. Nickey: "I appreciate that. It is just what we believe and feel." 

Bro. Weston: "Then you don't have a longing to practice at home?" 

Dr. Nickey: "I think I will tell you something. Before I came to India, a young 
doctor said to me that I would do well at home, and asked why I should bury myself 
in a heathen country like India. To which I replied, carrying out the figure he had 
suggested, ' You, doctor, could die here next week and no one would miss you. Other 
doctors are plenty all around. ' And he never had another word to say. But that is 
just the point. If one wants to do a big work, here is the place to do it. I am glad 
I am here. " 

Dr. Nickey reports new patients for the year: Women, 594; men, 1,168; repeats, 
both, 1,818; visits in homes, professional, 125; in-patients, women and children, thirty; 
men, thirteen; whole total, 3,741. Receipts, Rs. 1,427, or $475; expenditures, Rs. 1,923, 
or $641. Obstetrical cases, ten. One thing, rather interesting to know, is the fact 
that all obstetrical cases, except a couple among Christians, were abnormal, for the 
native midwives had usually exhausted all their resources, which are sometimes terrible, 
without success, and then she was called to finish the job. But if she can help those 
who need help, and bring light into the darkness, and give people a better idea of life, 
the missionary feels she is well repaid. 

Sister Swartz: "One of the boys in the boarding is down and quite ill. I wish 
you would come over and see him, doctor. " 

Dr. Nickey, returning: " It is a case of cholera, and of. a bad type. I am afraid 
we cannot save him. Poor little fellow! I am awfully sorry, but — " 

Bro. Weston: "Cholera! Sister Nickey, do you think it really is? Then the 
sooner we go the better, I guess. " 

Bro. Pittenger explained that it was better to go at once, for if they were asked 
the question when going aboard ship, if they had been exposed to smallpox or cholera 
lately, they might find they could not sail according to previous arrangements. They 
admitted the strength of the argument but had not thought of that phase of it. 

In Bombay they went to Messrs. Thos. Cook & Sons, only to learn that their ship 
had been commandeered by government. But another was going by way of the Suez 
Canal, if they wanted that, and there were just three vacant berths. John had been 
especially anxious to complete the voyage around the world; therefore they arranged 
to sail westward with an apology to Emmerts whose going was necessarily by an east- 
ern route. 

Making good use of the time they saw all of Bombay they could see meanwhile. 
It is a beautiful city. Especially is the thrift of the Parsee people attractive to the 
eyes of people from the Western world. They visited the Bible Society and made the 
acquaintance of the secretary, Mr. Adams. They attended lectures in the Y. M. C. A. 
Hall evenings. They visited the Tract and Book Society and arranged with Mr. Smith, 
the secretary, to send a book to every missionary for Christmas. When that gentle- 
man remarked as to the liberality of his customer, Bro. Weston replied that it was 
little enough in consideration of the kindness shown him everywhere during the year, 
and further, that he "knew the hearts of missionaries pretty well." 

On the last day of the year came the second party of returning missionaries: 

Annual Report 81 

Bro. Adam Ebey, 1900; Sister Alice Ebey, 1900; Bro. E. H. Eby, 1904; Sister Em- 
ma Eby, 1904; Sister Ida Shumaker, 1910; Ebey children, Lois and Leah. Eby children, 
Horner, Wilbert, Herbert. 

As Bro. Westons and Bro. Snively were in Bombay, and these old workers were 
returning to the field, Brethren Emmert, Pittenger and Garner, and Sisters Royer, 
Mow and Grisso, came to Bombay at this time. Welcome back to India, all you who 
have been here once before. India needs your strength if you are strong. 

Bro. Snively: "Look here, Bro. Weston, I have found something for you. I got 
it out of the Protestant Missionary Directory. The status of our church here in 
India, according to their figures, is: 

Number of communicants, ....1,500 Number of Sunday-schools, .. 67 

Number of adherents, 1,500 Number of teachers, 124 

Total Christian community, ..3,000 Number of scholars, 2,050 

Bro. Weston: "John, I am glad for that. But now how long do you think it will 
take the Lord, working with our brethren, to double that? It ought to be a good deal 
increased the next few years. For now we are in the reconstruction period of the 
world. " 

Bro. Adam Ebey: "The home church is expecting some pretty big things to hap- 
pen in India. " 

Bro. E. H. Eby: "When men comprehend the fundamental principles involved 
in mission work they cannot but admit that resultant better citizenship is assured. " 

Bro. Weston: "I want to say to you, brethren and sisters here together, that 
I have a strong feeling with respect to the mission work here. Every man you come 
in contact with ought to be made thereby a better man. Every person who hears the 
message you give, and who sees the life you live, ought to want what you have, that 
he hasn't. That is how I feel about it. Our religion is a real thing or it is nothing. 
Every Varley or Bhil, every Gamete or Dordia or Dubla, who accepts Christ as his 
Savior, ought to be a better servant, or a better farmer, or a better teacher; he ought 
to be a better citizen than he otherwise could have been. If this is not true, then 
your work is a failure and all your converts are such merely in form. I hope to see 
you gather into the fold of Christ tens of thousands of people and that right early, 
but I would also like to see those Christians be of such a brand that towns would 
rival each other in their endeavor to have your efforts there rather than elsewhere, 
because of the constant good accruing. You can do it. God is with you. Only be 
strong and of good courage. " 

Bro. Emmert: "I hope to meet you in America, but I am sorry you did not get 
to visit our good friends, the Mennonites, up in the central provinces. " 

Bro. Garner: " And Pandita Ramabai, with her hosts of girls." 

Bro. Weston: "Brethren, there is much I would like to have done, but there is 
one thing I did do, and that is, I confined my visits, I gave my time all to you. Now 
you must not accuse me for not going elsewhere — " 

Bro. Pittenger: "Oh, no, we do not think of such a thing. We are only too glad 
we could have you the year. And more, as the famine conditions press harder and 
harder, and will continue to to do so up to next monsoons, we wish we might have 
you with us until this suffering is over. I was thinking of that. " 

Bro. Garner: "Did you notice in the Times the other day that the first steps are 
now being taken for the census of 1921?" 

Bro. Emmert: "I am afraid that table John gave you just now is a little out of 
date. It is not less than two years old, I think." 

Bro. Weston: "It will serve a purpose still.* I am glad for it. What we need 
is a grasp of the situation. This kind of thing helps to get it. " 

The Emmerts sailed the day before the Westons. Coming to bid welcome to 
arrivals and say good-by to those departing is a sort of bitter-sweet, but every one 


Annual Report 

seeks an opportunity to wish well to those whom they have learned to love, whether 
it be at a time of coming or of going. And why not? These are some of the little 
civilities of life which go a long way toward making our world a pleasant place to 
live in. After a visit, a letter of appreciation of the kindness shown; after a sermon, 
a word of appreciation for the help received; after a book, a card of appreciation of 
the joy and gladness inspired; after a life, a world of admirers ready to sound praises. 
For those who appreciate the good in others will themselves be appreciated abundantly 
in return. 

Tables of the work of the year 1918 were handed to Bro. Weston on the day of 
sailing, to be adjusted into the back part of the notebook when the ship was out at sea. 

All got together in a quiet corner of the upper deck of the ship before the time 
for sailing, where they had a half hour of earnest prayer. Again the parting words 
were said. The missionaries came off the ship. As the great vessel moved farther 
and farther from the shore, they waved kerchiefs to each other. Bro. Weston called 
across the water to the little group standing on the shore, " Salaam to you all, 
salaam!" Then Bro. Snively shouted, "Salaams to everybody." 

At that time the missionaries sang, " God be with you till we meet again," and all 
three of the visitors brushed uninvited tears from their eyes. Would they ever meet 
each other again? Would they ever see India again? Then some one called in a clear 
voice: "I say, John, give our salaams to Elizabeth." And all the way home, when 
only the sound of the waves and the noise of the propeller could be heard, even in the 
small hours of the night, John seemed to hear the echo of that last sweet voice: " Give 
our salaams to Elizabeth. " 

With this the story properly is ended, but if you wish to know, the little party 
reached home in good time without accident, and in a surprisingly short time were 
stirring up friends and brethren with the thought of mission work throughout the 
world. As for John, when last heard of, he and Elizabeth had given in their names 
together as volunteers, and had entered one of our colleges for further preparation for 
the Foreign Mission Field. 

Cliart skou/inj numterof Men, Single Sisters, Members, Sub-stations, 

Male u/orkers, India, /884— 1919. 

kr>*>.^>7>* J ftfl> >t vip.fta ft* ,** bfi/07/08 'o»'ia>; !iz 'i3,'u-'/s 7e t 'i7 , /a ,te 

£-Eac)i line represent* loo members. #£ach tine represents /o Indian workers, 10 sixb-staXn 

Annual Report 
The Field 











































Raj Pipla, 


J alalpor, 




N. Chihkli 

Navsari T., 




Valod, | 80* 


Dangs, ! 996 

Surgana, | 360 


Bulsar, | 209 

S. Chihkli I 60 

Dharampur, | 704 


Dahanu, 329 

Jawar, | 310 

Palghar | 

Mahim, | 406 

Vada | 

Vada | 283 





| 651 


Totals, 17,054 |1, 


22 i 

































































* Approximately stated. 

84 Annual Report 


1. World-Wide Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 4,683 66 

Donations reported in Visitor, $116,882 39 

Income from endowment and real estate, 60,860 14 

Pub. House earnings and income, > . . . 9,383 20 

Regina Harnish Mission endowment, 500 00 

Interest on bank account, 385 35 $188,01108 

$192,694 74 

Expenditures — 

Annual Meeting Committees, Account No. 20, $ 90 66 

Annuities on . endowment funds, 39,295 66 

Publications, Account No. 21, 10,856 76 

General Expense, Account No. 22, 9,543 35 

District Mission Work, Account No. 23, 4,010 00 

Sweden Mission, Account No. 4, 4,629 82 

Denmark Mission, Account No. 5, 1,733 48 

India Mission, Account No. 2, 41,336 33 

China Mission, Account No. 3, 44,109 54 

Miscellaneous, Transfers, etc., 46 93 

Support G. J. Fercken, 270 00 $155,922 53 

Balance to New Year, $ 36,772 21 

2. India Fund 

Receipts — 

Balances from various India accounts of last year, $ 13,593 19 

Donations reported in Visitor, $ 1,659 28 

Interest on endowment, 231 60 

Special supports of workers, Account No. 12, 15,272 25 

Transmission to missionaries, Account No. 14, 2,089 28 

Native Schools, reported in Visitor, 16 50 

Quinter Hospital and Furnishings, Rep. in Visitor, 3,509 56 

Dahanu Hospital, reported in Visitor, 1 10 00 

Dahanu Furnishings, Receipt No. 11623, 10 00 

Hospital, reported in Visitor, 162 83 

Widows' Home, reported in Visitor, 310 79 

Boarding Schools, reported in Visitor, 7,014 65 

Boarding School Bldgs., reported in Visitor, 8,803 24 

Orphanage and Training School, reported in Visitor, 1,511 29 

Native Workers, Account No. 13, 4,032 09 

Refunds on fares and supports, 1,373 66 

Famine Relief,** 4,373 16 

Oklahoma Mem. Boarding School, reported in Visitor, 176 60 

Special deposits, less India remittance, etc., 21 83 . $ 92,014 94 

$105,608 13 
Expenditures — 

General Missions, $ 6,230 76 

Fares, outfits, voyage expense, furloughs, 9,325 74 

Rents, children school equipment, etc., 427 38 

Bible Teachers' Training School, 500 00 

Language School, 300 00 

Publishing Department, 250 00 

Servants' Quarters, 850 00 

Industrial, 700 00 

Boys' Boarding Schools, 6,396 00 

Ahwa Boarding School Buildings, 100 00 

Vyara Boarding School Buildings, 200 00 

** Sight draft drawn in India for this, had not reached us at end of year. 

Annual Report 85 

Anklesvar Girls' School Buildings, 150 00 

Dahanu Girls' Boarding School, 1,000 00 

Normal School, 300 00 

Training Department, 1,395 00 

Anklesvar Churchhouse, 1,500 00 

Permanent Building Repairs, 250 00 

Native Quarters, General, 3,100 00 

Village Churchhouses, 350 00 

Wells, 700 00 

Land, General, 1,500 00 

Medical Work, 2,700 00 

Vacations 1,100 00 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 2,750 00 

Dahanu Hospital, 250 00 

Widows' Home, 450 00 

Transmission, 2,089 28 

Native Workers, 3,678 25 

Supports of Workers, with increase, 20,626 69 

Deficits in missionary supports,* 460 00 

Doctors' Bungalow Deficit, 1,000 00 

Low exchange deficits, 5,970 00 $ 76,599 10 

Balances to New Year — 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, $ 8,849 80 

Dahanu Hospital, 821 97 

Dahanu Hospital Furnishings, 10 00 

Boarding Schools, 1,218 65 

Boarding School Buildings, 8,903 24 

Orphanage and Training Department, 2,595 61 

Native Workers 2,060 00 

Famine Relief,** 4,373 16 

Oklahoma Memorial Boarding School, 176 60 $ 29,009 03 

$105,608 13' 

* Deficits due to low rate of exchange in 1917. 

** Sight draft drawn in India for this, had not reached us at end of year. 

3. China Fund 

Receipts — 

Balances from China accounts of last year, $ 3,684 14 

Donations reported in Visitor, $ 2,368 97 

Interest on endowment, 78 00 

Special supports of workers, account No. 12, 11,014 95 

Refunds on voyage expenses, etc., 650 04 

Orphanage, reported in Visitor 733 26 

South China Mission, reported in Visitor, 142 78 

Hospital, reported in Visitor 412 89 

Liao Chou Girls' Boarding School, reported in Visitor and 

receipts 10904 and 10905, 119 50 

Ping Ting Hospital, Account No. 18 661 92 

Liao Chou Hospital, Account No. 19 793 01 

Boys' School, reported in Visitor, 389 39 

Girls' School, reported in Visitor, 570 23 

Transmission, Account No. 16, 805 08 

Native Workers, Account No. 15, 3,193 24 

From World-Wide to Balance, 44,109 54 $ 66,042 80 

$ 69,726 94 
Expenditures — 

General Missions, $ 975 00 

Fares, money for voyages, freight, etc., 4,187 45 

Carpenter's tools, 40 61 

Rent and Repairs, 720 00 

Language teachers, 370 00 

Books and Tracts, 155 00 

Miscellaneous, 200 00 

86 Annual Report 

Agency hire, 200 00 

Language School, 700 00 

Furnaces, 875 00 

Physician's residence, Ping Ting, 1,000 00 

Ladies' House, Liao Chou, 1,800 00 

Evangelist's House, Liao Chou, 1,400 00 

Heavy Furniture, 170 00 

Boys' School, 3,250 00 

Girls' School, 825 00 

Transmission, 805 08 

Native Workers, . . .- 2,047 50 

Crumpacker House, Ping Ting, 2,000 00 

Liao Girls' School Building, 2,624 14 

Ping Ting Hospital, Furnishings and medical, 641 25 

Liao Chou Hospital, Bldg., $1,500, Medical & Equip., 2,897 90 

Supports of Workers, 14,058 28 

Shou Yang Station expense, . . . . 260 00 

Funds appropriated for 1919 Building program,* 10,000 00 

To balance deficits in exchange, 1917 and 1918,** 19,504 07 $ 71,706 28 

Balances to New Year — 

South China Mission, $ 505 80 

Crumpacker House, Ping Ting $1,800 00 

Liao Chou Girls' School Building, 195 73 

Ping Ting Hospital, 106 18 

Liao Chou Hospital, 774 69 $ 1,979 34 

$ 69,726 94 

*Lump sum granted towards most necessary buildings, but due to low rate of 

exchange main building program deferred. 
**China exchange normally is about $2.00 Mex. for $1.00 gold. Rates fell until $1.00 

gold was only worth about $1.05 to $1.10 Mex. 

4. Sweden Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance in Sweden funds of last year, $ 277 66 

Donations reported in Visitor, $ 70 25 

Transmission amounts for poor, Account No., 220 08 

Swedish Relief, reported in Visitor, 105 83 

Sweden Churchhouse, reported in Visitor, 25 00 

Special Supports, Account No.. 12, 930 00 

From World-Wide to Balance, 4,629 82 $ 5,980 98 

$ 6,258 64 
Expenditures — 

Support of District Work, $ 3,750 07 

Transmission amounts for poor, 210 08 

Relief funds transmitted 293 74 

Support of workers, 1,890 00 $ 6,143 89 

Balances to New Year — 

Sweden Churchhouse, $ 92 50 

Swedish Relief, 22 25 $ 114 75 

$ 6,258 64 

5. Denmark Fund 

Receipts — 

Donations, reported in Visitor, $ 10 00 

From World-Wide to Balance, 1,733 48 $ 1,743 48 

Expenditures — 

Support of Mission Work for year $ 1,743 48 

Annual Report 87 

6. Church Extension 

Receipts — 

Balance from old year, $ 11,588 84 

Donations, reported in Visitor, 114 55 $ 11,703 39 

Balance to New Year, $ 11,703 39 

Bills Receivable 

Loans in force at beginning of year, $ 6,763 60 

Loan payments — 

Tacoma, Washington, 

Wiley, Colorado, 

Hartman, Colorado, 

Bandon, Oregon, 

Freeport, Illinois, 

Prairie Lake, Oklahoma, 

Selma, Virginia, 

James River, North Dakota, 

Grand Prairie, Nebraska, 1 15 00 $ 2,588 10 

Balance of loans in force at close of year, $ 4,175 50 $ 6,763 60 

7. Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 10,507 67 

Receipt No. 10555, $ 600 00 

Refunds on support, 135 00 

Receipt No. 10916, 2 00 

Receipt No. 11026, 15 00 

Brethren Pub. House, interest 1,573 80 

Earnings Gish Publishing Fund, 668 67 $ 2,994 47 

280 00 

600 00 

10 00 

179 10 

800 00 

340 00 

160 00 

104 00 

115 00 


$ 13,502 14 
Expenditures — 

Paid out in assistance to ministers or their widows, $ 3,974 00 

Balance to new year, $ 9,528 14 

8. Gish Testament Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance at beginning of year, $ 719 87 

Sales of Testaments, 75 82 $ 795 69 

Balance to new year, no expenditures, $ 795 69 

9. Gish Publishing Fund 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 699 52 

Sales of books during year, $ 990 78 

Income, Gish Fund endowment, 3,343 36 $ 4,334 14 

$ 5,033 66 
Expenditures — 

Books purchased for fund $ 4,702 17 

To Ministerial and Missionary Relief, 668 67 

Committee's expenses, 12 66 

Postage, stationery, leaflets, freight, 24 10 $ 5,407 60 

Deficit to new year $ 373 94 

88 Annual Report 

10. Brethren Publishing House 

Receipts — 

Earnings, 1917-1918, 20% of total net income, $ 4,370 92 

Insurance adjustment to cover loss, 853 49 

Insurance premium refund, 23 62 

Interest on investment, 7,869 00 $ 13,117 03 

Expenditures — 

Insurance Premium, $ 244 15 

Board room rental, 1-1-17 to 2-28-19, 975 00 

Lightning damage repaired, 853 50 

Adjustment of account with House, 87 38 

To Ministerial and Missionary Relief, 1,573 80 

To World-Wide Fund, 9,383 20 $ 13,117 03 

11. Special Funds 

Africa — 

Balance from last year. No increase, $ 132 51 

Japan — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 85 30 

Philippines — 

Balance from last year. No increase, • 81 40 

Porto Rico — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 234 42 

Work Among the Arabs — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 50 00 

South America — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 149 34 

New England Mission — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 202 50 

Southern Native White — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 182 23 

San Francisco Mission — 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 5 00 

Expenditures — 

To J. S. Strole, Laton, Calif., 5 00 

Cuba Mission — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 331 27 

Australia — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 16 00 

Jerusalem Mission — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 200 66 

Italian Mission — 

Balance from last year, $ 808 16 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 1,022 90 $ 1,83106 

Colored Mission — 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 168 50 

Expenditures — 

To Scranton Correspondence School, $ 17 40 

Balance to new year, 15110 $ 168 50 

Annual Report 89 

Colored Mission, Industrial — 

Balance from last year. No increase, 397 75 

G. J. Fercken Relief Fund- 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 57 00 

Donations. Reported in Visitor, 28 50 

From World-Wide Fund. Support, 270 00 $ 355 50 

Expenditures — 

To G. J. Fercken, 355 50 

12. Special Support Funds 

Southern California Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11053, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11604, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Gertrude Emmert, India, 300 00 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 70 00 

Receipt No. 10887, 80 00 

Receipt No. 11153, 60 00 

Receipt No. 11293, 180 00 $ 390 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Jesse B. Emmert, India, 390 00 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10849 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 1 1576 180 00 $ 330 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India, $ 330 00 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 375 19 

Receipt No. 11527, 950 00 $ 1,325 19 

Expenditures — 

Support Sisters Shumaker and Widdowson, India, $ 720 00 

Support Sister Clapper, China, 350 00 

Balance to new year, 255 19 $ 1,325 19 

Nebraska Foreign Fund 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10613, $ 19 42 

Receipt No. 10644 9 10 

Receipt No. 10689, 31 25 

Receipt No. 10843, 96 40 

Receipt No. 11251, 120 32 

Receipt No. 11643, 110 09 $ 386 58 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 153 48 

Support Sister Josephine Powell, India, 300 00 $ 453 48 

Balance due to new year, $ 66 90 

Middle Iowa Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11162, $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 11295, 25 00 

Receipt No. 11646, 100 00 

Receipt No. 11663, 126 86 $ 326 86 

90 Annual Report 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 123 51 

Support Bro. S. Ira Arnold, India, 330 00 $ 453 51 

Balance due to new year, $ 126 65 

Pipe Creek Congregation, Maryland 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, 150 00 

Receipt No. 11248, 250 00 

Income on Endowment, 50 00 $ 450 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. W. B. Stover, India, $ 360 00 

Balance to new year, 90 00 $ 450 00 

Cedar Rapids Sunday School, Iowa 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10615, $ 350 00 

Receipt No. 11528, 350 00 $ 700 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Emma Horning, China, $ 350 00 

Balance to new year, 350 00 $ 700 00 

First Church, Philadelphia 

On hand at beginning of year. No receipts or expenditures, $ 300 00 

S. G. Nickey and W. I. Buckingham Families 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10826, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11061, 30 00 

Receipt No. 11307, 180 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Barbara Nickey in India, ■ $ 360 00 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10577, $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 10606, 50 00 

Receipt No. 10686, 50 00 

Receipt No. 10753, ; 50 00 

Receipt No. 11028, 50 00 

Receipt No. 11536, 150 00 $ 400 00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 250 00 

Support Bro. D. J. Lichty, India, 300 00 $ 550 00 

Balance due new year, $ 150 00 

Mt. Morris Sunday School 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11440, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 11620, 110 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Sadie J. Miller, India, t $ 360 00 

Northern Illinois Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10563, $ 4 00 

Receipt No. 11161, 12 50 

Receipt No. 11228, 4 50 

Receipt No. 11256 2 42 

Receipt No. 11292, 3 00 

Receipt No. 11299, 186 00 

Receipt No. 11336, 6 00 

Receipt No. 11482, .* 22 50 

Receipt No. 11612, 148 08 $ 389 00 

Annual Report 91 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year $ 29 00 

Support Sister Kathryn B. Garner, India, 360 00 $ 389 00 

Northern Indiana Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10720 $ 500 00 

Receipt No. 1 1337 530 00 $ 1,030 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Mary Stover, India, $ 330 00 

Support Sisters Minerva Metzger and Mary Schaeffer, 

China, 700 00 $ 1,030 00 

Middle Indiana Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11692, $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Adam Ebey, India, $ 360 00 

Southern Indiana Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10716 $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 1 1202 175 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. W. J. Heisey, China, $ 350 00 

Pine Creek Congregation, Indiana 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11286, $ 175 00 

Conference Offering, 175 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Winnie Cripe, $ 350 00 

Walnut Sunday School, Northern Indiana 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10696, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 1 1067, 60 00 

Receipt No. 11186, 125 70 

Receipt No. 11234, 54 30 $ 390 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. A. T. Hoffert, India, $ 390 00 

Bethel Congregation and Sunday School, Nebraska 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10886 $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 11403, 135 00 $ 310 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. R. C. Flory, China, $ 350 00 

Balance due new year, $ 40 00 

Second and Northern Virginia Congregations 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10730, $ 4 00 

Receipt No. 10815, 110 00 

Conference Offering 27 50 

Receipt No. 11665, 300 00 

Receipt No. 11694 97 00 

Receipt No. 11510 267 00 $ 805 50 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India, $ 600 00 

Deficit from last year, 358 35 $ * 958 35 

Balance due new year $ 152 85 

92 Annual Report 

Northern Virginia Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10815, $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 11296, 175 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China, $ 350 00 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 10744, 175 00 

Receipt No. 11240, 175 00 $ 525 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rebecca C. Wampler, China, $ 350 00 

Balance to new year, 175 00 $ 525 00 

Bridgewater Sunday School, Virginia 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11255, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11564, 200 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Norman R. Seese, China, $ 350 00 

Three Virginia Churches 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11029, $ 28 66 

Conference Offering, 88 00 

Conference Offering, 58 34 

Receipt No. 11662, 175 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer, China, $ 350 00 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Society 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10821, $ 75 00 

Receipt No. .11690, 1,095 00 $ 1,170 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. A. W. Ross and Family, India, $ 1,170 00 

Southern Illinois Sunday Schools 
Receipt No. 10575, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11212, 19 00 

Receipt No. 11688, 150 00 $ 319 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Eliza B. Miller, India, $ 300 00 

Deficit from last year, 150 00 $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, $ 131 00 

Cerro Gordo Sunday School, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10948, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11691, 210 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. A. R. Cottrell, India, $ 360 00 

Virden and Girard Sunday School, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10717, $ 75 00 

Receipt No. 10750, 75 00 

Receipt No 11071, 30 00 

Annual Report 93 

Receipt No. 11093, 30 00 

Receipt No. 11217, 75 00 

Receipt No. 11396, 75 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India, $ 360 00 

Oakley Congregation and Sunday School 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10950, $ 200 21 

Receipt No. 10980, 34 15 

Receipt No. 11654, 35 05 $ 269 41 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 200 21 

Support Sister Ida Buckingham in Sweden, 300 00 $ 500 21 

Balance due new year, $ 230 80 

Peach Blossom Congregation, Maryland 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11578, $ 234 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna M. Hutchison ( 2 /z) in China, $ 234 00 

Dallas Center Sunday School, Iowa 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10992, $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 11506, 70 00 $ 120 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna M. Hutchison (^), in China, $ 116 00 

Balance to new year, 4 00 $ 120 00 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10810, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11068, 60 00 

Receipt No. 11421, 210 00 $ 420 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Hattie Z. Alley in India, $ 390 00 

Balance to new year, 30 00 $ 420 00 

Northeastern Ohio Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11325, $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 11656, 185 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Goldie Swartz in India, $ 360 00 

Southern Ohio Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11641, $ 700 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. J. M. Pittenger in India, $ 350 00 

Support Bro. J. Homer Bright in China, 350 00 $ 700 00 

Bear Creek Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10944, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11313, 60 00 

Receipt No. 11606, 180 00 $ 390 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna M. Eby in India, $ 390 00 

94 Annual Report 

Salem Congregation, Southern Ohio 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11043, $ 350 00 

Receipt No. 11693, 350 00 $ 700 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Minnie F. Bright in China, $ 350 00 

Balance to new year, 350 00 $ 700 00 

Trotwood Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 71 00 

Conference Offering, 369 61 $ 440 61 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Elizabeth Oberholtzer in China, . . . . $ 350 00 

Balance to new year, 90 61 $ 440 61 

Painter Creek Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10784, $ 114 48 

Receipt No. 11214, 175 00 

Conference Offering, : 60 52 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. O. G. Brubaker, $ 350 00 

Shade Creek, Rummel and Scalp Level Congregations, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11380, ; $ 105 00 

Receipt No. 11460, 90 00 

Receipt No. 11516, . 30 00 

Receipt No. 11608, 180 00 $ 405 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna Z. Blough in India, $ 330 00 

Deficit from last year, 75 00 $ 405 00 

Antietam Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11042, $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 11468, 175 00 

Income Oiler Endowment, 300 00 $ 650 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Lizzie N. Flory in China, $ 350 00 

Support Sister Nora Lichty, 300 00 $ 650 00 

Huntingdon Congregation and College, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Conference Offering, $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. J. M. Blough in India, $ 300 00 

Tulpehocken Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10790, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11317, . ... 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister B. Mary Royer in India, $ 300 00 

Elizabethtown Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10727, $ 175 00 

Receipt No. 11316, 175 00 $ 350 00 

Annual Report 95 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Bessie M. Rider in China, $ 350 00 

Woodbury Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11155, $ 150 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Florence Pittenger in India, $ 300 00 

Balance due new year, $ 150 00 

Midway Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10837, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11318, 150 00 $ 300 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. J. F. Graybill in Sweden, $ 300 00 

Chickies Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11578, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11659, 180 00 $ 330 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alice M. Graybill in Sweden, $ 330 00 

Southeastern Kansas Christian Workers 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11199, $ 31 25 

Receipt No. 11621, 34 85 

Receipt No. 11689, 293 90 

Receipt No. 11695, 34 90 $ 394 90 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Emma Eby 8 months in India, $ 240 00 

Balance to new year, .' 154 90 $ 394 90 

G. E. Shirkey 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11198, $ 350 00 

Receipt No. 11235, 10 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. E. H. Eby 8 months in India, $ 240 00 

Balance to New Year 120 00 $ 360 00 

Isaiah and Olive Brenaman 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10758 $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11221, 240 00 $ 390 00 

Expenditures — - 

Support Bro. John I. Kaylor in India, $ 390 00 

C. H. Erb and Wife 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11116, $ 175 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Cora Brubaker in China, $ 175 00 

La Verne Congregation and Sunday School 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 42 70 

Receipt No. 11273, 632 30 

Receipt No. 11669 375 00 $ 1,050 00 

96 Annual Report 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister Ernest Vaniman in China, $ 700 00 

Balance to new year, 350 00 $ 1,050 00 

Lick Creek Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11154, $ 240 00 

Receipt No. 11269, 50 00 $ 290 00 

Expenditures — 

Balance to new year, $ 290 00 

Northwestern Kansas Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10819, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11118, 60 00 

Receipt No. 11152, 150 00 

Receipt No. 11714, s 30 00 $ 390 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Howard L. Alley in India, $ 390 00 

Northeastern Kansas Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10618, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11098, 199 40 

Receipt No. 10923, 10 60 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ella Ebbert in India, $ 360 00 

Southwestern Kansas Congregations 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11060, $ 350 00 

Receipt No. 11603, 350 00 $ 700 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister F. H. Crumpacker in China, $ 700 00 

Middle Missouri Congregations 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10592, $ 138 00 

Receipt No. 10964, 18 00 

Receipt No. 11096, 8 00 

Receipt No. 11130, 181 90 $ 345 90 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Jennie Mohler in India, $ 330 00 

Deficit from last year, 138 00 $ 468 00 

Balance due new year, $ 122 10 

North and South English River Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10891, $ 57 00 

Receipt No. 10929, 117 00 

Receipt No. 11459, 60 00 

Receipt No. 11490, 117 00 $ 351 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Nettie M. Senger in China, $ 350 00 

Balance to new year, 1 00 $ 351 00 

Coon River Congregation, Iowa 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11163 $ 300 00 

Receipt No. 11646 50 00 

Receipt No. 11664, s 10 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Elizabeth Arnold in India, $ 360 00 

Annual Report 97 

Manchester College Sunday School 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10786, $ 60 00 

Receipt No. 11699, 175 00 $ 235 00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 100 00 

Support Sister Laura J. Shock in China, 350 00 $ 450 00 

Balance due new year, $ 215 00 

Northern Iowa Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10991, $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna V. Blough in China, $ 350 00 

Middle Maryland Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10990, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11339, 240 00 $ 390 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. H. P. Garner in India, $ 390 00 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian Workers 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10745, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 11237, 210 00 $ 360 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anetta C. Mow in India. $ 360 00 

Mexico Congregation, Indiana 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10710, $ 150 00 

Receipt No. 10882, 50 00 

Receipt No. 11306, 45 00 

Receipt No. 11419, 180 00 $ 425 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Lillian Grisso in India, $ 390 00 

Balance to new year, 35 00 $ 425 00 

Knob Creek Congregation, Tennessee 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11254, $ 175 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna B. Seese in China, $ 350 00 

Balance due new year, $ 175 00 

Monitor Congregation, Kansas 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 1 1040, $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Myrtle Pollock in China, $ 350 00 

Pleasant Valley Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Conference Offering, $ 183 41 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Edna Flory in China, $ 350 00 

Balance due to new year, $ 166 59 

North Manchester Sunday School, Indiana 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11652, $ 180 00 


Annual Report 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alice K. Ebey in India $ 180 00 

Locust Grove Sunday School, Nettle Creek Congregation, Indiana 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10709, $ 225 00 

Receipt No. 11222, 125 00 $ 350 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Sue R. Heisey in China, $ 350 00 

Barren Ridge Congregation, Virginia 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10802, $ 236 00 

Receipt No. 11418, , 43 30 $ 279 30 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Nora Flory in China, $ 350 00 

Balance due new year, $ 70 70 

Middle River Congregation, Virginia 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10811, $ 351 75 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Byron M. Flory in China, $ 350 00 

Balance to new year, 1 75 $ 351 75 

Walnut Grove Sunday School, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 11247, , $ 175 00 

Expenditures — 

Support Bro. Samuel Bowman in China, $ 175 00 

Miscellaneous Supports of Missionary Children 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10711, $ 25 00 

Receipt No. 10741, 25 00 

Receipt No. 10878, 75 00 

Receipt No. 10896, 36 00 

Receipt No. 11057, 25 00 

Receipt No. 11081, 25 00 

Receipt No. 11088, 56 25 

Receipt No. 11216, 45 00 

Receipt No. 11397, 75 00 

Receipt No. 11483, 25 00 

•Receipt No. 11591, 30 00 $ 442 25 

Expenditures — 

. To India Expense, $ 292 25 

To China Expense, 150 00 $ 442 25 

13. India Native Workers 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 10534, $ 

Receipt No. 10535, 

Receipt No. 10541, 

Receipt No. 10543, 

Receipt No. 10544, 

Receipt No. 10569, 

Receipt No. 10572, 

Receipt No. 10574, 

Receipt No. 10582, 

Receipt No. 10594, 

Receipt No. 10598, 

Receipt No. 

30 00 

Receipt No. 

60 00 

Receipt No. 

10 00 

Receipt No. 

15 00 

Receipt No. 

5 00 

Receipt No. 

15 00 

Receipt No. 

20 00 

Receipt No. 

50 00 

Receipt No. 

30 00 

Receipt No. 

15 00 

Receipt No. 

30 00 

Receipt No. 

10609, 15 00 

10639, 22 00 

10643, 15 00 

10647, 15 00 

10654, 30 00 

10656, 5 00 

10660, 23 75 

10661, 30 00 

10662 60 00 

10669, 15 00 

10678 16 88 

10681, 15 00 

Annual Report 



pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No: 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 

pt No. 


16 81 


55 00 


60 00 


50 00 


12 50 


20 00 


15 00 


15 00 


60 00 


5 00 


60 00 


30 00 


72 00 


60 00 


5 00 


15 00 


15 00 


30 00 


75 00 


5 00 


30 00 


15 00 


25 00 


5 00 


15 00 


30 00 


60 00 


30 00 


15 00 


60 00 


12 50 


15 00 


5 00 


5 00 


30 00 


30 00 


90 00 


11 78 


15 00 


60 00 


37 50 


30 00 


5 00 


30 00 


30 00 


5 00 


30 00 


15 00 


15 00 


72 00 


3 00 


5 00 


5 00 


15 00 


15 00 


15 00 


5 00 


15 10 


30 00 


30 00 


30 00 

















































































ice Offering 





































Endowment Income, 

30 00 

5 00 

12 50 

72 00 

5 00 

13 34 

60 00 

20 25 

5 00 

5 00 

30 00 

15 00 

72 00 

15 00 

5 00 

15 00 

24 04 

5 00 

40 00 

32 00 

37 50 

30 00 

15 00 

15 00 

60 00 

30 00 

30 00 

32 00 

15 00 

7 96 

37 50 

15 00 

5 00 

30 00 

10 00 

60 00 

37 50 

20 00 

180 00 

15 00 

30 00 

32 80 

12 50 

50 00 

30 38 

15 00 

5 00 

30 00 

30 00 

60 00 

10 00 

60 00 

60 00 

60 00 

30 00 

32 00 

15 00 

30 00 

60 00 

$ 4.032 09 

14. India Transmission 

Receipts— Receipt No. 11207 18 00 

Receipt No. 11167 $ 5 00 Receipt No. 11221 10 00 

Receipt No. 11178 30 00 Receipt No. 11252 50 00 

Receipt No. 11188 75 00 Receipt No. 11290 25 00 


Annual Report 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 


5 33 
100 00 
20 25 
10 00 
12 00 
19 00 

5 00 
10 00 
50 00 
10 00 

5 00 
15 00 

2 00 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 


60 00 

20 00 

25 00 

15 00 

1 00 

20 00 

100 00 

100 00 

5 00 

4 00 

50 00 

$ 876 58 

15. China Native Workers 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
-Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Transfer, . . 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 



15 00 
60 00 
15 00 
75 00 
7 60 

7 60 
18 75 
23 26 
15 00 

20 00 
15 00 

9 00 

8 00 
12 00 
65 00 
15 00 
37 50 
60 00 
15 00 

8 00 
15 00 
10 00 
15 00 
15 00 
30 00 
18 75 

7 60 

7 60 

21 71 

36 00 
18 75 
15 00 

9 00 
15 00 
30 00 
75 00 
18 75 

5 00 
30 00 
15 00 

37 91 
75 00 
15 00 
60 00 

8 00 
30 00 
15 00 
75 00 
21 57 
15 00 
10 00 




































Receipt No 








Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 


11126, , 
11128, . 
11140, . 
11143, . 
11152, . 
11159, . 
11174, . 
11176, . 
11184, . 
11192, . 
11206, . 
1^09, . 
11220, . 
11232, . 
11236, . 

11241, . 

11242, . 
11285, . 
11288, . 
11278, . 

11300, . 

11301, . 

11302, . 
11345, . 
11359, . 

11378, . 

11379, . 
11398, . 

11410, . 

11411, . 

11412, . 
11439, . 

11445, . 

11446, . 

11479, . 

11480, . 

11481, , 
11485, . 
11504, . 

11507, . 

11508, . 

11514, . 

11515, . 
11522, . 

11534, . 

11535, . 
11546, . 
11548, . 
11568, . 
11584, . 
11590, . 

100 00 
15 20 
10 00 
15 00 
15 00 
18 75 
30 00 

6 00 
15 00 

100 00 
8 00 
15 00 
18 75 
15 00 
75 00 
60 00 
15 00 
18 75 

100 00 
60 00 
25 00 
15 00 
5 00 
45 00 
15 00 
75 00 
18 00 
58 95 
20 00 

36 00 
75 00 

15 00 

25 00 

16 72 
200 00 

60 00 

37 50 
15 00 
10 00 

26 30 
30 00 

8 00 

7 50 
7 50 

15 00 
75 00 
22 67 
18 75 
20 00 
37 50 
10 00 
15 00 

Annual Report 

Receipt No. 11592, 

Receipt No. 11617, 

Receipt No. 11619, 

Receipt No. 11637, 

18 75 
75 00 
10 00 
16 30 

Receipt No. 11651, 


30 00 

$ 3,193 24 

16. China Transmission 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

10593, $ 



















48 42 

27 50 

15 00 

40 00 

5 00 

5 25 

10 00 

7 30 

15 00 

10 00 

10 00 

20 00 

20 00 

20 00 
17 00 

21 30 
10 00 
12 80 
19 50 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 

Receipt No. 














5 00 

6 50 
30 00 

8 12 

50 00 

7 00 
7 50 

11 23 

5 00 
13 00 
20 00 

140 66 

35 00 

51 00 
10 00 

6 00 
60 00 

5 00 

$ 805 08 

Receipts — 






Receipts — 

Donations, reported 
Receipt No. 11041, 

Sweden Transmission 

Receipt No. 11178 
$ 11 08 Receipt No. 11271 

40 00 Transfer, 

100 00 
20 00 

18. Ping Ting Hospital 

in Visitor, 

651 92 
10 00 

10 00 
10 00 
14 00 

$ 205 08 

661 92 

19. Liao Chou Hospital (Hiel Hamilton Memorial) 

Receipts — 

Donations, reported in Visitor, $ 550 98 

Receipt No. 10584, 10 00 

Receipt No. 10934 10 00 

Receipt No. 10966, 10 00 

Receipt No. 11150, 100 00 

Receipt No. 11533, 82 03 

Receipt No. 11613 10 00 

Receipt No. 11615, 20 00 $ 

793 01 

20. Annual Meeting Committees 

Expenditures — 

Expenses Auditing Committee, 1918, 


90 66 

21. Publication Account 

Expenditures — 

Tracts and carriage on same, less receipts, $ 863 74 

Rebate on old Book and Tract Accounts, 200 16 

Missionary Gospel Messengers and Periodicals, 1,616 15 

Annual Report of Board. June Visitor, 1,200 00 


Annual Report 

Missionary Visitor 6,185 02 

Missionary Education, books, leaflets, etc., 761 69 $ 10,826 76 

22. General Expense Account 

Expenditures — 

Board's Traveling Expense, $ 


Traveling Secretaries, 

Postage, , 

Office furniture and equipment, 

Legal services and Fidelity bonds, 

Telephone, telegrams, cablegrams, tolls, 

Fares, medical exams., etc., 

Office supplies, printing, stationery, etc., 

23. District Mission Work 

Expenditures — 

Eastern Maryland $ 

North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida,. . . . . . 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin " 

Northwest Kansas and Northeast Colorado, 




Northwest Ohio, 

Texas and Louisiana, 


Southern California and Arizona, 

378 72 

4,149 92 

2,911 57 

931 42 

175 85 

249 25 

80 12 

147 82 

518 68 

$ 9,543 35 

250 00 
210 00 
500 00 
500 00 
200 00 
500 00 
300 00 
500 00 
300 00 
450 00 
300 00 

$ 4,010 00 

24. Endowment Funds 

Donations to World-Wide — 

Kansas — 

10845 $ 1,000 00 

10983, 500 00 

11470, 1,000 00 

11539, 12,000 00 

11601, 2,000 00 


910 75 
100 00 
275 00 

1,700 00 
100 00 

5,000 00 

$ 14,385 75 

$ 16,500 00 

Pennsylvania — 
10617, .... 

10854, .... 
11033, .... 


11315, .... 


11432, .... 

11500, .... 

11501, .... 

Indiana — 

3,000 00 

1,000 00 

500 00 

1,000 00 

150 00 

1,000 00 

100 00 

100 00 

5,000 00 

2,000 00 

500 00 

500 00 

200 00 

100 00 

75 00 

50 00 

400 00 

500 00 

100 00 
3,000 00 
2,000 00 
200 00 
500 00 
500 00 


10552, $ 700 00 

10668, 400 00 

10825, 1,000 00 

11070, 200 00 

11082, .. 25 00 

11103, 1,000 00 

11119, 400 00 

11266, 300 00 

11331, 500 00 

11344, 100 00 

11393, 100 00 

11402, 100 00 

11424, 500 00 

11499, 25 00 

11526, 2,000 00 

11561, 1,000 00 $ 8,350 00 

California — 

$ 16,175 00 10653, . 

10794, . 

11231, . 

11297, . 

11323, . 

11581, . 

11585, . 

10578, . 

11435, . 

200 00 
3,600 00 
200 00 
100 00 
200 00 
150 00 
500 00 
600 00 
85 00 


Illinois — 

Iowa — 

Virginia — 

15 00 
30 00 $ 

Annual Report 

5,680 00 

100 00 

50 00 

1,000 00 

400 00 
1,000 00 

200 00 

200 00 
1,000 00 


Missouri — 

West Virginia- 

50 00 

1,000 00 

100 00 

150 00 

500 00 

2,000 00 

500 00 

300 00 $ 4,250 00 M K 109 1 11 ' $ l > m 00 

Nebraska — 

200 00 
1.000 00 
100 00 
200 00 
500 00 
600 00 
50 00 
200 00 

10590, $ 

Florida — 

11464, $ 

Colorado — 

10568, $ 

North Carolina — 

Transfer from 
Gilbert Estate,